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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161535/effect-of-dedicated-lactation-support-services-on-breastfeeding-outcomes-in-extremely-low-birth-weight-neonates
#1
Sharareh Gharib, Molly Fletcher, Richard Tucker, Betty Vohr, Beatrice E Lechner
BACKGROUND: Breastfeeding is associated with major benefits for high-risk infants born prematurely, yet this population faces significant challenges to breastfeeding. Lactation services provide successful interventions, yet the impact of lactation services on breastfeeding outcomes in preterm infants is understudied. Research aim: The provision of full-time lactation support in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) will improve quantitative breastfeeding measures in premature infants...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161528/changes-in-speech-language-pathology-students-attitudes-toward-breastfeeding-during-a-pediatric-dysphagia-course
#2
Jamie Mahurin-Smith
BACKGROUND: Speech-language pathologists provide infant feeding assessment and intervention; their training in breastfeeding management is highly variable. Research aim: The purpose of this study was to evaluate student attitudes toward breastfeeding and self-identified factors in attitude change. METHODS: Before and after their course in pediatric dysphagia, two cohorts of graduate students in speech-language pathology ( N = 36) completed an assignment designed to capture qualitative and quantitative data on changes in their attitudes toward breastfeeding...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158896/factors-associated-with-minimal-meal-frequency-and-dietary-diversity-practices-among-infants-and-young-children-in-the-predominantly-agrarian-society-of-bale-zone-southeast-ethiopia-a-community-based-cross-sectional-study
#3
Mekonnen Tegegne, Semere Sileshi, Tomas Benti, Mulusew Teshome, Haile Woldie
Background: Poor infant and young child feeding (IYCF) practices in the first 2 years of age are among major causes of childhood malnutrition, in developing countries including Ethiopia. It results in irreversible outcomes of stunting, poor cognitive development, and significantly increases risks of many chronic and infectious diseases. This study was intended to assess factors associated with minimum meal frequency and minimum dietary diversity practice among children aged 6-23 months in the predominantly agrarian society of Bale zone, Southeast Ethiopia...
2017: Archives of Public Health, Archives Belges de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158772/correction-to-effects-of-early-feeding-on-growth-velocity-and-overweight-obesity-in-a-cohort-of-hiv-unexposed-south-african-infants-and-children
#4
Vundli Ramokolo, Carl Lombard, Meera Chhagan, Ingunn M S Engebretsen, Tanya Doherty, Ameena E Goga, Lars Thore Fadnes, Wanga Zembe, Debra J Jackson, Jan Van den Broeck
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1186/s13006-015-0041-x.].
2017: International Breastfeeding Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157579/sleep-location-and-parent-perceived-sleep-outcomes-in-older-infants
#5
Jodi A Mindell, Erin S Leichman, Russel M Walters
OBJECTIVES: Initial studies indicate more independent and consolidated sleep in the first few months in infants who sleep separately. Little is known, however, about the relationship of sleep location (separate room, room-sharing, bed-sharing) with sleep outcomes in older infants (ages 6-12 months). It was expected that those who sleep in a separate room would have better parent-perceived sleep outcomes and more positive sleep health behaviors. METHODS: Parents of 6236 infants (6-12 months) in the United States (US) and 3798 in an international sample (Australia, Brazil, Canada, Great Britain, and New Zealand) completed a smartphone app-based expanded version of the validated Brief Infant Sleep Questionnaire...
November 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156924/-from-infant-to-child-feeding-in-different-stages
#6
Ana Isabel Jiménez Ortega, Rosa María Martínez García, Marta Velasco Rodríguez-Belvis, Jana Ruiz Herrero
Proper nutrition during childhood is necessary to: allow adequate growth and development, achieve optimal physical and psychic performance, maintain and improve health and recover more easily in disease processes.The first months of life (the infant stage) are a stage in which many rapid changes take place (anthropometric, body composition, maturation of organs and systems...), which suppose a high demand from nutritional point of view, in the quantitative aspect and especially in the qualitative aspect. After infant stage, preschool children feeding is an opportunity to acquire healthy habits and introduce new foods, textures, flavors, colors, etc...
October 15, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155570/chemistry-antimicrobial-mechanisms-and-antibiotic-activities-of-cinnamaldehyde-against-pathogenic-bacteria-in-animal-feeds-and-human-foods
#7
Mendel Friedman
Cinnamaldehyde is a major constituent of cinnamon essential oils produced by aromatic cinnamon plants. This compound has been reported to exhibit antimicrobial properties in vitro in laboratory media and in animal feeds and human foods contaminated with disease-causing bacteria including Bacillus cereus, Campylobacter jejuni, Clostridium perfringens, Escherichia coli, Listeria monocytogenes, and Salmonella enterica. This integrated review surveys and interprets our current knowledge of the chemistry, analysis, safety, mechanism of action, and antibiotic activities of cinnamaldehyde in food animal (cattle, lambs, calves, pigs, poultry) diets and in widely consumed liquid (apple, carrot, tomato, and watermelon juices, milk) and solid foods...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155172/navigating-motherhood-and-maternal-transitional-infant-feeding-learnings-for-health-professionals
#8
Michelle Harrison, Julie Hepworth, Wendy Brodribb
Given the lifelong associations between infant diet and weight, understanding maternal transitional infant feeding decisions can assist efforts to establish healthy eating habits early in life. Feeding experiences were explored using semi-structured interviews with 15 first-time mothers who were selected based on their concerns about their infants' weight in an infant feeding survey. Thematic synthesis of the interview transcripts identified three main themes: Theme 1. Expectations of a "responsible mother", (2) Trusting oneself and trust in others, and (3) From stress to successful feeding...
November 16, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152325/changes-of-intestinal-microbiota-composition-and-diversity-in-very-low-birth-weight-infants-related-to-strategies-of-nec-prophylaxis-protocol-for-an-observational-multicentre-pilot-study
#9
Stefan Kurath-Koller, Christine Moissl-Eichinger, Gregor Gorkiewicz, Raimund Kraschl, Claudia Kanduth, Barbara Hopfer, Berndt Urlesberger, Bernhard Resch
Background: At the Division of Neonatology, Department of Paediatrics, Medical University Graz, a unique regimen of necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) prophylaxis in preterm infants showing a < 1500 g birth weight (i.e. very low birth weight, VLBW) is used. The regimen includes oral antibiotic and antifungal therapy and probiotic preparations as well as a standardised feeding regimen. The incidence of NEC in preterm infants treated by this regimen has been shown to be lower, reflecting 0...
2017: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151370/systematic-review-of-infant-and-young-child-complementary-feeding-practices-in-south-asian-families-the-pakistan-perspective
#10
Logan Manikam, Anika Sharmila, Abina Dharmaratnam, Emma C Alexander, Jia Ying Kuah, Ankita Prasad, Sonia Ahmed, Raghu Lingam, Monica Lakhanpaul
OBJECTIVE: Suboptimal nutrition among children remains a problem among South Asian (SA) families. Appropriate complementary feeding (CF) practices can greatly reduce this risk. Thus, we undertook a systematic review of studies assessing CF (timing, dietary diversity, meal frequency and influencing factors) in children aged <2 years in Pakistan. DESIGN: Searches between January 2000 and June 2016 in MEDLINE, EMBASE, Global Health, Web of Science, OVID Maternity & Infant Care, CINAHL, Cochrane Library, BanglaJOL, POPLINE and WHO Global Health Library...
November 20, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149869/characterisation-of-sucking-dynamics-of-breastfeeding-preterm-infants-a-cross-sectional-study
#11
Donna T Geddes, Kok Chooi, Kathryn Nancarrow, Anna R Hepworth, Hazel Gardner, Karen Simmer
BACKGROUND: Full breastfeeding is the ultimate aim for preterm infants to ensure they receive the full benefits of human milk however, preterm infants face a number of challenges associated with their immaturity and associated morbidities. In order to facilitate oral feeding, it is essential to have a sound knowledge of the sucking dynamics of the breastfed infant. The aim of this study was to measure and describe the sucking dynamics of the preterm breastfeeding infant. METHODS: A prospective cross sectional observational study was carried out at King Edward Memorial Hospital, Perth...
November 17, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149620/the-dopamine-d4-receptor-gene-birth-weight-maternal-depression-maternal-attention-and-the-prediction-of-disorganized-attachment-at-36-months-of-age-a-prospective-gene%C3%A3-environment-analysis
#12
Justin Graffi, Ellen Moss, Alexia Jolicoeur-Martineau, Gal Moss, Vanessa Lecompte, Katherine Pascuzzo, Vanessa Babineau, Cathryn Gordon-Green, Viara R Mileva-Seitz, Klaus Minde, Roberto Sassi, Meir Steiner, James L Kennedy, Helene Gaudreau, Robert Levitan, Michael J Meaney, Ashley Wazana
BACKGROUND: Efforts to understand the developmental pathways for disorganized attachment reflect the importance of disorganized attachment on the prediction of future psychopathology. The inconsistent findings on the prediction of disorganized attachment from the dopamine D4 receptor (DRD4) gene, birth weight, and maternal depression as well as the evidence supporting the contribution of early maternal care, suggest the importance of exploring a gene by environment model. METHODS: Our sample is from the Maternal Adversity, Vulnerability, and Neurodevelopment project; consisting of 655 mother-child dyads...
November 14, 2017: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148256/toward-standardization-of-care-the-feeding-readiness-assessment-after-congenital-cardiac-surgery
#13
Daniel E Ehrmann, Matthew Mulvahill, Shaunda Harendt, Jessica Church, Amy Stimmler, Piyagarnt Vichayavilas, Sanja Batz, Jennifer Rodgers, Michael DiMaria, James Jaggers, Cindy Barrett, Jon Kaufman
BACKGROUND: Feeding practices after neonatal and congenital heart surgery are complicated and variable, which may be associated with prolonged hospitalization length of stay (LOS). Systematic assessment of feeding skills after cardiac surgery may earlier identify those likely to have protracted feeding difficulties, which may promote standardization of care. METHODS: Neonates and infants ≤3 months old admitted for their first cardiac surgery were retrospectively identified during a 1-year period at a single center...
November 17, 2017: Congenital Heart Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148100/changes-in-mothers-intended-duration-of-breastfeeding-from-the-prenatal-to-neonatal-periods
#14
Jennifer M Nelson, Ruowei Li, Cria G Perrine, Kelley S Scanlon
BACKGROUND: Although previous studies suggest that the intentions of mothers to breastfeed during pregnancy strongly predict actual breastfeeding practice, no studies have examined the changes in the intentions of mothers to breastfeed from the prenatal to neonatal periods. The purpose of this study was to examine changes in intended breastfeeding duration from the prenatal to neonatal periods, their association with actual duration, and predictors for shortened duration. METHODS: The Infant Feeding Practices Study II was a longitudinal study of mothers in the United States...
November 17, 2017: Birth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146940/development-and-physiological-effects-of-an-artificial-diet-for-wolbachia-infected-aedes-aegypti
#15
Heverton Leandro Carneiro Dutra, Silvia Lomeu Rodrigues, Simone Brutman Mansur, Sofia Pimenta de Oliveira, Eric Pearce Caragata, Luciano Andrade Moreira
The endosymbiotic bacterium Wolbachia spreads rapidly through populations of Aedes aegypti mosquitoes, and strongly inhibits infection with key human pathogens including the dengue and Zika viruses. Mosquito control programs aimed at limiting transmission of these viruses are ongoing in multiple countries, yet there is a dearth of mass rearing infrastructure specific to Wolbachia-infected mosquitoes. One example is the lack of a blood meal substitute, which accounts for the Wolbachia-specific physiological changes in infected mosquitoes, that allows the bacterium to spread, and block viral infections...
November 16, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145693/early-erythropoiesis-stimulating-agents-in-preterm-or-low-birth-weight-infants
#16
REVIEW
Arne Ohlsson, Sanjay M Aher
BACKGROUND: Preterm infants have low plasma levels of erythropoietin (EPO), providing a rationale for the use of erythropoiesis-stimulating agents (ESAs) to prevent or treat anaemia and to provide neuro protection and protection against necrotising enterocolitis (NEC). Darbepoetin (Darbe) and EPO are currently available ESAs. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effectiveness and safety of ESAs (erythropoietin (EPO) and/or Darbe) initiated early (before eight days after birth) compared with placebo or no intervention in reducing red blood cell (RBC) transfusions, adverse neurological outcomes, and feeding intolerance including necrotising enterocolitis (NEC) in preterm and/or low birth weight infants...
November 16, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145212/does-anaemia-have-major-public-health-importance-in-children-aged-6-59-months-in-the-duggina-fanigo-district-of-wolaita-zone-southern-ethiopia
#17
Yohannes Samuel Tiku, Tefera Chane Mekonnen, Shimelash Bitew Workie, Endale Amare
BACKGROUND: Globally, a large number of children aged 6-59 months are affected by anaemia. In Ethiopia, like other developing countries, more than 40% of children under 5 years are affected by anaemia. Anaemia during infancy and childhood period is associated with poor health and impaired cognitive development, leading to reduced academic achievement and earning potential in their adult life. The aim of this research was to assess whether anaemia remained a major public health problem among children aged 6-59 months or not in Duggina Fanigo District of Wolaita Zone, South Ethiopia in 2016...
November 16, 2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144393/growth-gastrointestinal-tolerance-and-stool-characteristics-of-healthy-term-infants-fed-an-infant-formula-containing-hydrolyzed-whey-protein-63-and-intact-casein-37-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#18
Shang-Ling Wu, Ding Ding, Ai-Ping Fang, Pei-Yan Chen, Si Chen, Li-Peng Jing, Yu-Ming Chen, Hui-Lian Zhu
To investigate whether healthy term infants, fed an infant formula containing hydrolyzed whey protein (HWP-F, hydrolyzed whey/intact casein =63/37), differ in growth, gastrointestinal tolerance and stool characteristics from those fed an infant formula containing intact whey protein (IWP-F, intact whey/intact casein =61/39) or breast milk. Healthy term infants, born within 14 days of the study's commencement, were randomly assigned to be fed IWP-F or HWP-F until 13 weeks of age, and breast-fed (BF) infants were enrolled as a reference group...
November 16, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144244/modes-of-infant-feeding-and-the-risk-of-childhood-asthma-a-prospective-birth-cohort-study
#19
Annika Klopp, Lorena Vehling, Allan B Becker, Padmaja Subbarao, Piushkumar J Mandhane, Stuart E Turvey, Diana L Lefebvre, Malcolm R Sears, Meghan B Azad
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether different modes of infant feeding are associated with childhood asthma, including differentiating between direct breastfeeding and expressed breast milk. STUDY DESIGN: We studied 3296 children in the Canadian Healthy Infant Longitudinal Development birth cohort. The primary exposure was infant feeding mode at 3 months, reported by mothers and categorized as direct breastfeeding only, breastfeeding with some expressed breast milk, breast milk and formula, or formula only...
November 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143799/effect-of-a-partially-hydrolysed-whey-infant-formula-supplemented-with-starch-and-lactobacillus-reuteri-dsm-17938-on-regurgitation-and-gastric-motility
#20
Flavia Indrio, Giuseppe Riezzo, Paola Giordano, Maria Ficarella, Maria Paola Miolla, Silvia Martini, Luigi Corvaglia, Ruggiero Francavilla
Functional regurgitation (FR) is common in early infancy and represents a major drain on healthcare resources. This double-blind, randomized controlled trial investigated the effects of a formula containing partially hydrolysed, 100% whey protein, starch and Lactobacillus reuteri (DSM 17938) on gastric emptying rate (GErate) and regurgitation frequency in infants with FR. Enrolled infants were randomly allocated to receive either the test formula or a standard starter formula for four weeks. Ultrasound GErate assessment was performed at baseline (week 0) and at week 4; the number of regurgitations, feed volumes and potential adverse events were recorded in a daily diary...
October 28, 2017: Nutrients
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