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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786547/protective-effect-of-breastfeeding-on-recurrent-cough-in-adulthood
#1
Kimberly D Gerhart, Debra A Stern, Stefano Guerra, Wayne J Morgan, Fernando D Martinez, Anne L Wright
RATIONALE: Breastfeeding protects from respiratory infections in early life but its relationship to recurrent cough and other respiratory outcomes in adult life is not well established. METHODS: Infant feeding practices were assessed prospectively in the Tucson Children's Respiratory Study, a non-selected birth cohort and categorised into formula from birth or introduced <1 month, formula introduced ≥1 to <4 months and exclusive breastfeeding for ≥4 months...
May 21, 2018: Thorax
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784603/does-type-of-feeding-affect-body-composition-in-very-low-birth-weight-infants-a-prospective-cohort-study
#2
Mól Nina, Zasada Magdalena, Kwinta Przemko
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to analyse body composition of preterm infants fed with either breast milk or formula compared to a control group of full-term newborns. METHODS: Fifty-three newborns were enrolled: a group of 34 very low birth weight (VLBW) preterm newborns subdivided into a formula-fed (n = 23; group A) and breast milk-fed (n = 11; group B) group, and a control group of 19 full-term infants (group C). Their body composition was assessed by a bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) either at the estimated time of birth in the VLBW group or during the 1st week of life in the full-term group...
May 4, 2018: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783689/cobalamin-and-folate-status-among-breastfed-infants-in-bhaktapur-nepal
#3
Ram K Chandyo, Manjeswori Ulak, Ingrid Kvestad, Mari Hysing, Merina Shrestha, Suman Ranjitkar, Arve Ulvik, Per Magne Ueland, Laxman Shrestha, Tor A Strand
Cobalamin and folate are crucial micronutrients during infancy and they are required for growth and cognitive development. Due to the monotonous and predominantly vegetarian-based complementary feeding and poor maternal micronutrient status, infants from low- and middle-income countries are susceptible to cobalamin deficiency. However, data on plasma cobalamin and folate and the functional markers methylmalonic acid and total homocysteine from breastfed infants in Nepal are still needed. We collected plasma samples from 316 6⁻11-month-old breastfed infants with a length-for-age of less than minus one z -score and analyzed blood for plasma folate, cobalamin, methylmalonic acid and total homocysteine concentrations...
May 18, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783637/a-phosphatidylserine-source-of-docosahexanoic-acid-improves-neurodevelopment-and-survival-of-preterm-pigs
#4
Randal K Buddington, Victor V Chizhikov, Igor Y Iskusnykh, Helen J Sable, Jeffrey J Sable, Zade R Holloway, Tamar Blumenfeld Katzir, Marie van der Merwe, Taisiya Yakimkova, Karyl K Buddington, Yael Lifshitz, Shoshi Tessler, Ariel Gilbert
The amount, composition, and sources of nutrition support provided to preterm infants is critical for normal growth and development, and particularly for structural and functional neurodevelopment. Although omega-3 long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LC-PUFA), and particularly docosahexanoic acid (DHA), are considered of particular importance, results from clinical trials with preterm infants have been inconclusive because of ethical limitations and confounding variables. A translational large animal model is needed to understand the structural and functional responses to DHA...
May 18, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781690/knowledge-attitude-and-practice-of-infant-feeding-in-the-first-6-months-among-hiv-positive-mothers-at-the-queen-mamohato-memorial-hospital-clinics-maseru-lesotho
#5
Stephen O Olorunfemi, Lilian Dudley
BACKGROUND: The balance between the risks of transmission of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) through breastfeeding and its life-saving benefits complicates decisions about infant feeding among HIV-positive mothers in the first 6 months. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the knowledge, attitude and practice of infant feeding among HIV-positive mothers attending the prevention of mother-to-child transmission services in Maseru, Lesotho.Method and setting: This observational cross-sectional study was done by collecting data from HIV-positive mothers attending the filter clinics of Queen Mamohato Memorial hospital in Maseru, Lesotho...
May 17, 2018: African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781686/the-prevalence-of-neonatal-jaundice-and-risk-factors-in-healthy-term-neonates-at-national-district-hospital-in-bloemfontein
#6
Hanneke Brits, Jeanie Adendorff, Dyanti Huisamen, Dahne Beukes, Kristian Botha, Hanre Herbst, Gina Joubert
BACKGROUND:  Neonatal jaundice affects one in two infants globally. The jaundice is the result of an accumulation of bilirubin as foetal haemoglobin is metabolised by the immature liver. High serum levels of bilirubin result in lethargy, poor feeding and kernicterus of the infant. AIM:  The main aim of this article was to determine the prevalence of neonatal jaundice and secondly to explore its risk factors in healthy term neonates. SETTING:  Maternity ward, National District Hospital, Bloemfontein, South Africa...
April 12, 2018: African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781212/routinely-collected-infant-feeding-data-time-for-global-action
#7
Heather Whitford, Pat Hoddinott, Lisa H Amir, Catherine Chamberlain, Christine E East, Leanne Jones, Mary J Renfrew
The importance of breastfeeding is clear. However, global action to support breastfeeding is hindered by the lack of reliable standard data, which continues to impede progress. Routinely collected data can monitor the effectiveness of health policy, evaluate interventions, and enhance international research collaboration and comparisons. Use of routine data to support effective public health initiatives such as smoking cessation has been demonstrated. However, the data collected about infant feeding practices worldwide is inconsistent in timing, methods, definitions, detail, storage, and consistency...
May 21, 2018: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780032/severe-outcomes-associated-with-respiratory-viruses-in-newborns-and-infants-a-prospective-viral-surveillance-study-in-jordan
#8
Najwa Khuri-Bulos, Lindsey Lawrence, Bhinnata Piya, Li Wang, Christopher Fonnesbeck, Samir Faouri, Asem Shehabi, Sten H Vermund, John V Williams, Natasha B Halasa
OBJECTIVE: To assess virus-specific hospitalisation rates, risk factors for illness severity and seasonal trends in children hospitalised with acute respiratory infections (ARI). DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: A government hospital serving low-income and middle-income population in Amman, Jordan. PARTICIPANTS: Children under 2 years of age hospitalised with fever and/or respiratory symptoms (n=3168) from 16 March 2010 to 31 March 2013...
May 20, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779802/feasibility-of-initiating-early-enteral-nutrition-after-congenital-heart-surgery-in-neonates-and-infants
#9
Rajat Kalra, Rohit Vohra, Malti Negi, Reena Joshi, Neeraj Aggarwal, Mridul Aggarwal, Raja Joshi
OBJECTIVE: To assess the feasibility of initiating enteral nutrition support with first 24 h of congenital heart repairs in neonates and Infants and its impact on outcomes following surgery. DESIGN: It is a prospective randomized control single blind study. SETTING: It is a single centre prospective study carried out in a tertiary care centre at Pediatric cardiac intensive care unit. PATIENTS: All patients with the cyanotic congenital heart disease with increase pulmonary blood flow, weighing less than 5 kg and undergoing congenital heart repair during the study period were included in the study...
June 2018: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777555/impact-of-nicu-oral-feeding-on-neuropsychomotor-outcomes-at-9-months-of-corrected-age-in-chinese-low-birth-weight-preterm-infants-a-retrospective-study
#10
Wenwen Ding, Lijin Zhao, Nan Sheng, Jiali Ma, Ying Zhang
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To examine the changes in neuropsychomotor development and investigate the effect of feeding progression in Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) on neuropsychomotor outcomes in low-birth-weight preterm infants within 9 months of corrected age. BACKGROUND: Low-birth-weight (LBW) preterm infants (<37 weeks of gestation and birth weight < 2500 g) are at a high risk for neuropsychomotor development delay. Therefore, exploring NICU practices related to neuropsychomotor development is important...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777227/in-utero-exposure-to-gestational-diabetes-and-adiposity-does-breastfeeding-make-a-difference
#11
L L Hui, A M Li, E A S Nelson, G M Leung, S L Lee, C M Schooling
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Short-term breastfeeding from mothers with gestational diabetes (GDM) may programme metabolism and increase offspring diabetes risk. We examined the association of in utero GDM exposure with adiposity from infancy to adolescence, and whether any association was modified by breastfeeding during early infancy. METHODS: In the prospective Chinese birth cohort "Children of 1997" (n = 7342, 88% follow-up rate), generalised estimate equations with multiple imputation were used to assess associations of in utero GDM exposure with age- and sex-specific body mass index (BMI) z-score during infancy (3 and 9 months), childhood (2- < 8 years) and adolescence (8-16 years), adjusted for sex, parity, maternal age, birth place, preeclampisa, smoking, and family socio-economic position...
May 17, 2018: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776479/nursing-child-assessment-satellite-training-parent-child-interaction-scales-comparing-american-and-canadian-normative-and-high-risk-samples
#12
Nicole L Letourneau, Panagiota D Tryphonopoulos, Jason Novick, J Martha Hart, Gerald Giesbrecht, Monica L Oxford
PURPOSE: Many nurses rely on the American Nursing Child Assessment Satellite Training (NCAST) Parent-Child Interaction (PCI) Teaching and Feeding Scales to identify and target interventions for families affected by severe/chronic stressors (e.g. postpartum depression (PPD), intimate partner violence (IPV), low-income). However, the NCAST Database that provides normative data for comparisons may not apply to Canadian families. The purpose of this study was to compare NCAST PCI scores in Canadian and American samples and to assess the reliability of the NCAST PCI Scales in Canadian samples...
May 2018: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776476/institute-of-medicine-early-infant-feeding-recommendations-for-childhood-obesity-prevention-implementation-by-immigrant-mothers-from-central-america
#13
Kathleen F Gaffney, Albert V Brito, Panagiota Kitsantas, Deborah A Kermer, Graciela Pereddo, Katya M Ramos
PURPOSES: Describe implementation of Institute of Medicine (IOM) early infant feeding recommendations for child obesity prevention by immigrant mothers from Central America; examine potential relationships with food insecurity and postpartum depressive symptoms. DESIGN AND METHODS: Using a cross-sectional, descriptive design, face-to-face interviews were conducted with 318 mothers of 2month old infants at a large pediatric setting for low income families. Logistic regression models assessed feeding practices, food insecurity and postpartum depressive symptoms...
May 2018: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775501/educational-interventions-for-improving-primary-caregiver-complementary-feeding-practices-for-children-aged-24-months-and-under
#14
REVIEW
Dachi Arikpo, Ededet Sewanu Edet, Moriam T Chibuzor, Friday Odey, Deborah M Caldwell
BACKGROUND: Although complementary feeding is a universal practice, the methods and manner in which it is practiced vary between cultures, individuals and socioeconomic classes. The period of complementary feeding is a critical time of transition in the life of an infant, and inappropriate complementary feeding practices, with their associated adverse health consequences, remain a significant global public health problem. Educational interventions are widely acknowledged as effective in promoting public health strategy, and those aimed at improving complementary feeding practices provide information about proper complementary feeding practices to caregivers of infants/children...
May 18, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774708/-communicating-data-of-the-italian-ninfea-birth-cohort
#15
Lorenzo Richiardi, Maja Popovic, Daniela Zugna, Franca Rusconi, Franco Merletti, Costanza Pizzi
"In March 2016, the website of the NINFEA project (an Internet-based cohort set up to investigate the effects of exposures acting early in life) was enriched with the section «Data», which reports aggregated data for selected variables of the cohort. This article discusses the rationale for this new section, available data and their possible uses are described, and some results are compared with figures accessible from surveillance studies. The Italian birth cohort NINFEA includes 7,500 pregnant women, recruited through the Internet from 2005 to June 2016, and of their children, followed up with repeated questionnaires...
March 2018: Epidemiologia e Prevenzione
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772833/the-effect-of-increasing-the-protein-content-of-human-milk-fortifier-to-1-8-g-100-ml-on-growth-in-preterm-infants-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#16
Jessica Reid, Maria Makrides, Andrew J McPhee, Michael J Stark, Jacqueline Miller, Carmel T Collins
The aim of this study was to assess the effect of feeding high protein human milk fortifier (HMF) on growth in preterm infants. In this single-centre randomised trial, 60 infants born 28⁻32 weeks' gestation were randomised to receive a higher protein HMF providing 1.8 g protein ( n = 31) or standard HMF providing 1 g protein per 100 mL expressed breast milk (EBM) ( n = 29). The primary outcome was rate of weight gain. Baseline characteristics were similar between groups. There was no difference between high and standard HMF groups for weight gain (mean difference (MD) -14 g/week; 95% CI -32, 4; p = 0...
May 17, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772397/grandmother-and-health-care-professional-breastfeeding-perspectives-provide-opportunities-for-health-promotion-in-an-american-indian-community
#17
Bailey Houghtaling, Carmen Byker Shanks, Selena Ahmed, Elizabeth Rink
RATIONALE: While breastfeeding is well recognized as beneficial, rates of breastfeeding among American Indian women are below average and contribute to health inequities. Culturally specific approaches to breastfeeding research are called for to inform appropriate interventions in American Indian communities. Specifically, a grandmother's role in breastfeeding promotion is of great import particularly in American Indian (AI) groups, although is an understudied topic to date. OBJECTIVE: This research seeks to fill a prominent literature gap by utilizing a grounded theory and community-based research approach to inform breastfeeding practices from the voices of grandmothers and health care professionals in a rural AI community in the United States...
May 8, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770842/clinical-features-and-practice-patterns-of-gastroschisis-a-retrospective-analysis-using-a-japanese-national-inpatient-database
#18
Michimasa Fujiogi, Nobuaki Michihata, Hiroki Matsui, Kiyohide Fushimi, Hideo Yasunaga, Jun Fujishiro
PURPOSE: The number of infants with gastroschisis is increasing worldwide, but advances in neonatal intensive care and parenteral nutrition have reduced gastroschisis mortality. Recent clinical data on gastroschisis are often from Western nations. This study aimed to examine clinical features and practice patterns of gastroschisis in Japan. METHODS: We examined treatment options, outcomes, and discharge status among inpatients with simple gastroschisis (SG) and complex gastroschisis (CG), 2010-2016, using a national inpatient database in Japan...
May 16, 2018: Pediatric Surgery International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769176/using-feeding-to-reduce-pain-during-vaccination-of-formula-fed-infants-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#19
Netty G P Bos-Veneman, Marrit Otter, Sijmen A Reijneveld
OBJECTIVES: To assess the effectiveness and potential side effects of formula feeding to reduce pain during vaccination among infants. STUDY DESIGN: In the setting of well-baby clinics we recruited a community-based sample of full-term born infants who were already formula fed by the choice of the parents (n=48, aged 4-10 weeks) and received their first DTaP-IPV-HepB-Hib and pneumococcal vaccinations and randomised them into two groups. To evaluate pain experienced during vaccination we compared infants who drank formula feeding before, during and after vaccination with infants who did not...
May 16, 2018: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768650/gestation-at-birth-mode-of-birth-infant-feeding-and-childhood-hospitalization-with-infection
#20
Jason P Bentley, David P Burgner, Antonia W Shand, Jane C Bell, Jessica E Miller, Natasha Nassar
INTRODUCTION: Infections are a leading cause of mortality and morbidity in preschool children. We aimed to assess the impact of the co-occurrence of cesarean section, early birth and formula feeding on hospitalization with infection in early childhood. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Population-based retrospective record-linkage cohort study of 488 603 singleton livebirths ≥32 weeks gestational age in New South Wales, Australia, 2007-2012. Multivariable Cox-regression was used to estimate independent and combined adjusted associations of gestational age, mode of birth (vaginal or cesarean section by labor onset) and formula feeding with time to first and repeat hospitalization with infection for children <5 years of age...
May 16, 2018: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
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