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Olubukunola Adesanya, Mubariz Naqvi
We report a rare, but serious, complication of a malpositioned umbilical venous catheter in a term male infant who developed laceration, hematoma, and necrosis of liver, ascites, and left-sided obstructive uropathy secondary to extravasation of total parenteral nutrition. Abdominal paracentesis confirmed the presence of parenteral nutrition in the peritoneal cavity. Although, the umbilical venous catheterization is a common intravenous access used in neonatal intensive care units, judicious continued monitoring of its use should be practiced to avoid serious complications...
2016: Global Pediatric Health
Elisabeth Sterrer, Franz Windisch, Kurt Frey, Klaus Rettensteiner, Benjamin Loader
BACKGROUND: Middle ear adenoma with neuroendocrine differentiation (MEA-ND), also known as carcinoid tumor of the middle ear, is an extremely rare neoplasm, especially when located within the tympanic cavity. To the best of our knowledge, this represents the first pediatric case of a MEA-ND described in Europe. Excluding the present case, only three other pediatric cases of this disease have been published globally. CASE REPORT: We report on a 15-year-old female patient who presented with conductive hearing loss of the right ear...
October 19, 2016: Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift
Tomomi Kogiso, Etsuko Hashimoto, Taito Ito, Toshifumi Hara, Yuichi Ikarashi, Kazuhisa Kodama, Makiko Taniai, Nobuyuki Torii, Kentaro Yoshinaga, Satoru Morita, Yutaka Takahashi, Junji Tanaka, Shuji Sakai, Masakazu Yamamoto, Katsutoshi Tokushige
A 56-year-old man was diagnosed with aplastic anemia and paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria at 43 years of age and treatment with cyclosporin A was started. Liver cirrhosis, ascites, and thrombus in the hepatic veins were found at 56 years of age and Budd-Chiari syndrome (BCS) was diagnosed according to angiography findings. He was treated with diuretics and paracentesis was performed several times, but with limited efficacy. A Denver(®) peritoneovenous shunt (PVS) was inserted into the right jugular vein; his ascites and renal function improved immediately and his general condition has remained good for 12 months since starting the above treatment regimen...
2016: Internal Medicine
Alagappan Annamalai, Lauren Wisdom, Megan Herada, Mazen Nourredin, Walid Ayoub, Vinay Sundaram, Andrew Klein, Nicholas Nissen
Cirrhosis is a major cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide with liver transplantations as it only possible cure. In the face of a significant organ shortage many patients die waiting. A major complication of cirrhosis is the development of portal hypertension and ascites. The management of ascites has barely evolved over the last hundred years and includes only a few milestones in our treatment approach, but has overall significantly improved patient morbidity and survival. Our mainstay to ascites management includes changes in diet, diuretics, shunt procedures, and large volume paracentesis...
October 8, 2016: World Journal of Hepatology
Shefali Agrawal, Sandeep Vohra, Sangeeta Rawat, Vikas Kashyap
Eosinophilic gastroenteritis (EGE) is a rare condition characterized by eosinophilic infiltration of the gastrointestinal tract. Depending on the dominant layer of infiltration it is classified into three types namely, mucosal, muscularis and subserosal. The most uncommon variant is the subserosal type characterized by primarily subserosal disease, eosinophilic ascites and peripheral hypereosinophilia. The clinical features are non-specific with history of atopic predisposition and allergy. Endoscopic biopsy is frequently non-diagnostic due to an uninvolved gastrointestinal mucosa rendering its diagnosis a challenge...
September 27, 2016: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
Lucia Macken, Deepak Joshi, Jenny Messenger, Mark Austin, Jeremy Tibble, Louise Mason, Sumita Verma
BACKGROUND: Ascites, the commonest complication of cirrhosis, leads to frequent hospitalisations. Refractory ascites confers a median survival of 6 months without liver transplantation. In many, the management remains palliative (large-volume paracentesis). Despite calls for improvement, palliative and end-of-life care is not yet integrated into end-stage liver disease. Long-term abdominal drains are a palliative strategy in malignant ascites, but not end-stage liver disease. CASE PRESENTATION: A retrospective, single centre, case series review was performed of patients undergoing long-term abdominal drain placement for refractory ascites secondary to end-stage liver disease at a large teaching hospital between August 2011 and March 2013...
October 5, 2016: Palliative Medicine
Charles Mesnard, Laurence Beral, Rabih Hage, Harold Merle, Selim Farès, Thierry David
PURPOSE: To report a case series of post-phacoemulsification endophthalmitis despite antibiotic prophylaxis with an intracameral injection of a licensed cefuroxime formulation (Aprokam). SETTING: University Hospitals of Pointe-à-Pitre, Guadeloupe, and Fort-de-France, Martinique, French West Indies. DESIGN: Retrospective case series. METHODS: Patients who had cataract surgery with licensed cefuroxime prophylaxis between March 1, 2013, and July 31, 2015, and developed endophthalmitis were included...
September 2016: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
Luigina Graziosi, Elisabetta Marino, Verena De Angelis, Alberto Rebonato, Annibale Donini
: Malignant ascites is an abnormal accumulation of fluid in the peritoneal cavity of patients with intraperitoneal cancer dissemination. This clinical condition could represent the terminal evolution of a lethal disease and could influence the prognosis, severely impairing the patients' quality of life. Treatment options include a multitude of different procedures with limited efficacy and some degree of risk; diuretics, paracentesis, peritoneo-venous shunts and intraperitoneal biologic agents like anti-VEGF molecules, metalloproteinase inhibitors and immunomodulators are included...
2016: Annali Italiani di Chirurgia
Ryoga Hamura, Koichiro Haruki, Jun Tsutsumi, Sumio Takayama, Hiroaki Shiba, Katsuhiko Yanaga
Spontaneous biliary peritonitis is rare in adults. We herein report a case of spontaneous biliary peritonitis. An 84-year-old man was admitted to our hospital for abdominal pain for 5 days. He developed fever, jaundice, and abdominal rigidity. Computed tomography (CT) revealed massive ascites in the omental bursa and around the liver. The ascites obtained by diagnostic paracentesis was dark yellow-green in color, which implied bile leakage. With a diagnosis of bile peritonitis, the patient underwent emergency exploratory laparotomy...
December 2016: Surgical Case Reports
Yudai Fukui, Junichi Shindoh, Shuichiro Matoba, Kenji Tomizawa, Yutaka Hanaoka, Shigeo Toda, Jin Moriyama, Hiroya Kuroyanagi
A 53-year-old man was readmitted with abdominal distention 2 weeks after undergoing laparoscopic low anterior resection with para-aortic lymphadenectomy for advanced rectal cancer (T4aN1M0, Stage IIIb). Ultrasound revealed massive ascites, and paracentesis revealed chylous fluid with a markedly elevated triglyceride level (1762 mg/dL). Despite conservative management, the fistula remained on postoperative day 120. On percutaneous lymphangiography, the chylous leakage point was clearly visualized at the para-aortic site, and surgical intervention was planned...
September 26, 2016: Asian Journal of Endoscopic Surgery
J K Dyson, P Rajasekhar, A Wetten, A H Hamad, S Ng, S Paremal, M F Baqai, C A Lamb, S Masson, M Hudson, C Dipper, S Cowlam, H Hussaini, S McPherson
BACKGROUND: Since 1970, there has been a 400% increase in liver-related deaths due to the increasing prevalence of chronic liver disease in the United Kingdom (UK). The 2013 UK National Confidential Enquiry into Patient Outcome and Death report found that only 47% of patients who died from alcohol-related liver disease received 'good care' during their hospital stay. AIM: To develop a 'care bundle' for patients with decompensated cirrhosis, aiming to ensure that evidence-based treatments are delivered within the first 24 h of hospital admission...
November 2016: Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
Aparna Goel, Mollie Biewald, Shirish Huprikar, Thomas Schiano, Gene Y Im
BACKGROUND: Spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (SBP) is a common infection in cirrhosis associated with high mortality. More than 20% of patients with SBP do not respond to initial antibiotics. Guidelines differ in recommendations to repeat paracentesis (retap) to confirm antibiotic efficacy. We aim to evaluate the effect of retap-guided management of SBP on antibiotic escalation and 30-day transplant-free survival. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective cohort study of cirrhotic patients with SBP admitted to a single transplant center from 2010 to 2014...
September 22, 2016: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
Robert Rejdak, Tomasz Choragiewicz, Agnieszka Kalinowska, Michael J Koss, Piotr Ksiazek, Joanna Moneta-Wielgos, Ryszard Maciejewski, Anselm G Jünemann, Katarzyna Nowomiejska
BACKGROUND: Endophthalmitis is potentially devastating intraocular inflammation following eye trauma or surgery. We describe the visual outcomes and causative pathogens in acute bacterial postoperative and posttraumatic endophthalmitis treated with immediate pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) with Vancomycin dissolved in the infusion fluid. METHODS: Clinical records of consecutive 30 patients with postoperative endophthalmitis and 15 patients with posttraumatic endophthalmitis were evaluated...
2016: BMC Infectious Diseases
Amr S Hanafy, Ahmad M Hassaneen
BACKGROUNDS AND AIMS: The occurrence of refractory ascites in nearly 17% of patients with decompensated cirrhosis is an unresolved issue. Advanced liver disease, functional renal impairment, and vascular insensitivity to vasopressors are the main causes of its refractoriness. Therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate the impact on diuresis, weight loss, and short-term survival if midodrine and rifaximin were added to the diuretic therapy (DT). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study evaluated the eligibility of 650 patients with cirrhosis and refractory ascites who were selected during the period from November 2011 to May 2015...
December 2016: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
Hesham Khalil, Moby Joseph
Eosinophilic ascites is a rare feature of eosinophilic gastroenteritis. We would like to highlight this increasingly recognised diagnosis in a case of unexplained ascites. We present a challenging case of a woman aged 25 years who presented with nausea, vomiting, diarrhoea, generalised abdominal pain and swelling 8-week following delivery of her first baby. Her symptoms were primarily aggravated by eating, and she had also noticed postprandial itching and self-limiting generalised rash. She had a strong history of atopy...
2016: BMJ Case Reports
Jing Zhou, Zhu Huang, Ning Lin, Weihui Liu, Guan Yang, Dongye Wu, Heda Xiao, Hongyu Sun, Lijun Tang
Our previous study showed that abdominal paracentesis drainage (APD) benefits patients with severe acute pancreatitis (SAP) by delaying or avoiding multiple organ failure. However, the role of APD treatment in SAP-associated lung injury (PALI) remains unclear. Therefore, we investigated the impact of APD on PALI in rats to explore the mechanisms underlying its potential treatment benefits. A drainage tube was inserted into the right lower quadrant of rats immediately after SAP induction via the retrograde infusion of 5% sodium taurocholate into the biliopancreatic duct...
August 29, 2016: Free Radical Biology & Medicine
Jeremy S Nayagam, Claire Mullender, Catherine Cosgrove, Andrew Poullis
AIM: To review all cases of abdominal tuberculosis (ATB) for demographic details, diagnostic work up and evidence of vitamin D deficiency. METHODS: This was a retrospective analysis of all patients diagnosed with ATB from June 2003 to August 2013 at St George's Hospital, London. Demographic data was available from the local tuberculosis database. Further clinical information was collected from electronic patient records, including radiology, endoscopy, microbiology, histology, biochemistry and serology...
August 16, 2016: World Journal of Clinical Cases
R C Oey, J J Kuiper, H R van Buuren, R A de Man
BACKGROUND: The gold standard to diagnose spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (SBP) is a polymorphonuclear neutrophil count ≥ 250 cells/µl in ascitic fluid. This test is laborious and expensive. Urine reagent strips measuring leukocyte esterase activity have been proposed as a rapid and inexpensive alternative. The aim of this study was to assess the diagnostic accuracy of the Combur reagent strip for diagnosing SBP. Furthermore the possible advantage of a photospectrometer reading over visual reading of the strip was investigated...
July 2016: Netherlands Journal of Medicine
John Carl Hoefs
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
Felix F Widjaja, Paramita Khairan, Telly Kamelia, Irsan Hasan
Large volume paracentesis may cause paracentesis induced circulatory dysfunction (PICD). Albumin is recommended to prevent this abnormality. Meanwhile, the price of albumin is too expensive and there should be another alternative that may prevent PICD. This report aimed to compare albumin to colloids in preventing PICD. Search strategy was done using PubMed, Scopus, Proquest, dan Academic Health Complete from EBSCO with keywords of "ascites", "albumin", "colloid", "dextran", "hydroxyethyl starch", "gelatin", and "paracentesis induced circulatory dysfunction"...
April 2016: Acta Medica Indonesiana
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