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Professional self regulation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525612/an-effectiveness-hierarchy-of-preventive-interventions-neglected-paradigm-or-self-evident-truth
#1
Simon Capewell, Ann Capewell
Non-communicable disease prevention strategies usually target the four major risk factors of poor diet, tobacco, alcohol and physical inactivity. Yet, the most effective approaches remain disputed. However, increasing evidence supports the concept of an effectiveness hierarchy. Thus, 'downstream' preventive activities targeting individuals (such as 1:1 personal advice, health education, 'nudge' or primary prevention medications) consistently achieve a smaller population health impact than interventions aimed further 'upstream' (for instance, smoke-free legislation, alcohol minimum pricing or regulations eliminating dietary transfats)...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525588/diving-and-long-term-cardiovascular-health
#2
K Åsmul, Å Irgens, M Grønning, A Møllerløkken
Background: Short-term cardiovascular effects from ambient pressure exposure are known. However, long-term cardiovascular effects from diving in humans have been less studied. Aims: To examine possible long-term cardiovascular health effects from occupational diving. Methods: We compared the prevalence of cardiovascular disease in former divers to non-divers. We obtained data on male former divers with a certificate valid for professional diving after 1980, from the Norwegian Diver 2011 project, and matched data on the general male population from the HUNT3 Survey...
May 19, 2017: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514199/drawing-asthma-an-exploration-of-patients-perceptions-and-experiences
#3
Melissa Mei Yin Cheung, Bandana Saini, Lorraine Smith
OBJECTIVE: As an art form, drawings can facilitate the tangible expression of patients' inner images and feelings in a range of health conditions. However, there are currently no published studies investigating adults' perspectives of asthma using drawings. This study aimed to explore how adults' drawings illustrate their perceptions and experiences of asthma. METHODS: Adults with asthma participated in a one-on-one drawing activity. Analysis was grounded in the participants' accounts of their drawing, which were examined alongside the relevant image...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514133/-the-influence-of-the-israeli-legislation-on-the-relationship-between-physicians-and-pharmaceutical-companies
#4
Rachel Nissanholtz-Gannot, Ariel Yankellevich, Nurit Nirel
INTRODUCTION: The relationship between physicians and pharmaceutical-companies raises many dilemmas. There are two types of solutions to these dilemmas: self-regulation and government regulation. Our goal was to review in what way legislative intervention and self-regulation standardize and affect the relationship. In addition, we examined the positions of relevant stakeholders regarding: 1. The relationship between physicians and pharmaceutical companies; 2. Future measures we should take to address the ethical dilemmas inherent in this relationship...
July 2016: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498053/autism-behavior-inventory-a-novel-tool-for-assessing-core-and-associated-symptoms-of-autism-spectrum-disorder
#5
Abi Bangerter, Seth Ness, Michael G Aman, Anna J Esbensen, Matthew S Goodwin, Geraldine Dawson, Robert Hendren, Bennett Leventhal, Anzalee Khan, Mark Opler, Adrianne Harris, Gahan Pandina
OBJECTIVE: Autism Behavior Inventory (ABI) is a new measure for assessing changes in core and associated symptoms of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in participants (ages: 3 years-adulthood) diagnosed with ASD. It is a web-based tool with five domains (two ASD core domains: social communication, restrictive and repetitive behaviors; three associated domains: mental health, self-regulation, and challenging behavior). This study describes design, development, and initial psychometric properties of the ABI...
May 12, 2017: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493091/-violence-against-the-elderly-in-domestic-care-settings-short-profile-of-an-interdisciplinary-research-project
#6
REVIEW
Anna Schwedler, Nadine Konopik, Lukas Heber, Marina Wellenhofer, Frank Oswald, Gisela Zenz, Ludwig Salgo
Most elderly people wish to remain and be cared for in their own home. Approximately 1.38 million people in Germany are cared for without professional support. However, domestic care by relatives can be a risk factor for violence against the elderly. This research project deals with the issue from a legal and social sciences perspective. The aim of the project is to develop a regulatory framework providing aid-oriented prevention and intervention in the family care of vulnerable elderly people by public agencies and courts...
May 10, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Gerontologie und Geriatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460757/our-intellectuals-have-failed-us-system-of-a-down
#7
EDITORIAL
Sundeep Mishra
Medical profession is at cross-roads. On one hand are issues like medical mal-practice and negligence but on the other are loss of respect, low re-imbursement, lawsuits against medical professionals, violence against physicians all contributing to a lot of stress as also a high suicide rate among medical practitioners. While some of the problems seem related to changing societal norms, most of them seem to stem from a failure, active or passive on the part of medical intellectual, moving away from altruism, justice and self regulation to pursuance of self interest with a consequent loss of trust in doctor-patient relationship...
March 2017: Indian Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393646/-start-development-of-an-intervention-for-a-first-stabilization-and-arousal-modulation-for-highly-stressed-minor-refugees
#8
Andrea Dixius, Eva Möhler
START - Development of an Intervention for a First Stabilization and Arousal-modulation for Highly Stressed Minor Refugees This article focuses on the development of an intervention called "Stress-Traumasymptoms- Arousal-Regulation-Treatment" (START), through the process of working with refugeed minors in acute stress during the clearing process immediately on arrival in Germany. START is a short manualized structured intervention for crisis intervention and stabiliziation of children and adolescents suffering from intense stress and acute tension or desperation...
April 2017: Praxis der Kinderpsychologie und Kinderpsychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384034/difficulties-in-emotion-regulation-and-risky-driving-among-lithuanian-drivers
#9
Laura Šeibokaitė, Auksė Endriulaitienė, Mark J M Sullman, Rasa Markšaitytė, Kristina Žardeckaitė-Matulaitienė
BACKGROUND: Risky driving is a common cause of traffic accidents and injuries. However, there is no clear evidence of how difficulties in emotion regulation contribute to risky driving behaviour, particularly in small Post-Soviet countries. The present study aimed to investigate the relationship between difficulties in emotion regulation and self-reported risky driving behaviour in a sample of Lithuanian drivers. METHODS: A total of 246 non-professional Lithuanian drivers participated in a cross-sectional survey...
April 6, 2017: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376910/the-preschool-activity-technology-health-adiposity-behaviour-and-cognition-path-abc-cohort-study-rationale-and-design
#10
Dylan P Cliff, Jade McNeill, Stewart Vella, Steven J Howard, Megan A Kelly, Douglas J Angus, Ian M Wright, Rute Santos, Marijka Batterham, Edward Melhuish, Anthony D Okely, Marc de Rosnay
BACKGROUND: Prevalence estimates internationally suggest that many preschool-aged children (3-5 years) are insufficiently physically active and engage in high levels of screen-based entertainment. Early childhood is the developmental period for which we know the least about the effects of physical activity on development and health. Likewise, rapid technological advancements in mobile electronic media have made screen-based forms of entertainment for young children ubiquitous, and research demonstrating the impacts on cognition, psychosocial well-being, and health has lagged behind the rate of adoption of these technologies...
April 4, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369716/corporate-social-responsibility-and-conflicts-of-interest-in-the-alcohol-and-gambling-industries-a-post-political-discourse
#11
Ben Baumberg Geiger, Valentina Cuzzocrea
The corporate pursuit of social goals - known as Corporate Social Responsibility or 'CSR' - has been subject to critique on a number of grounds. However, a hitherto underexplored potential consequence of CSR has been suggested in a recent paper by C. Garsten and K. Jacobsson ('Post-Political Regulation: Soft Power and Post-political Visions in Global Governance' (2013), Critical Sociology 39: 421-37). They suggest that CSR is part of an international trend towards 'post-political' governance discourses, where an emphasis on different actors' common goals obscures conflicts of interest, subverting the open political conflict necessary for a well-functioning democracy...
March 28, 2017: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359596/-primary-care-in-ireland
#12
T Sánchez-Sagrado
Spanish doctors are still leaving the country to look for quality work. Ireland is not a country with many Spanish professionals but it is interesting to know its particular Health care system. Ireland is one of the countries with a national health care system, although it has a mixture of private health care insurance schemes. People have a right to health care if they have been living in Ireland at least for a year. Access to the primary care health system depends on age and income: free of charge for Category 1 and co-payments for the rest...
March 27, 2017: Semergen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359165/testing-a-resilience-training-program-in-police-recruits
#13
Sandra L Ramey, Yelena Perkhounkova, Maria Hein, Nicole L Bohr, Amanda A Anderson
BACKGROUND: Stress from multiple sources is inherent in law enforcement. However, it is possible to modify responses to stress with resilience training that includes teaching techniques to modify emotional and physical responses to stress, interface with mental health professionals, and practice sessions to improve self-regulation of responses to stress including coherence, a measure of heart rate variability. A gap exists in the research, however, regarding evaluation of the duration of effects after the initial resilience training...
January 1, 2017: Biological Research for Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343196/-hope-as-psychological-resource-for-nurturant-professionals-medicine-case-study
#14
Наталия Е Водопьянова, Вера А Чикер, Валерия В Потявина
INTRODUCTION: In the article, the issues concerning hope, which is one of the most important resources for specialists of many nurturant professions, are observed. The theoretical analysis of hope and its categorization from the perspective of subjective and resource-based view is given. The special scientific and practical interest to human subjective and personal resources is determined by their unique role not only in human life support, but also in overcoming hard situations and extreme obstacles, including crisis situations in professional activity, with the example of the profession of a doctor...
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340978/adult-congenital-heart-disease-nurse-coordination-essential-skills-and-role-in-optimizing-team-based-care-a-position-statement-from-the-international-society-for-adult-congenital-heart-disease-isachd
#15
Christina Sillman, Joanne Morin, Corina Thomet, Deena Barber, Yoshiko Mizuno, Hsiao-Ling Yang, Theresa Malpas, Serena Francesca Flocco, Clare Finlay, Chi-Wen Chen, Yvonne Balon, Susan M Fernandes
BACKGROUND: Founded in 1992, the International Society for Adult Congenital Heart Disease (ISACHD) is the leading global organization of professionals dedicated to pursuing excellence in the care of adults with congenital heart disease (CHD) worldwide. Among ISACHD's objectives is to "promote a holistic team-based approach to the care of the adult with CHD that is comprehensive, patient-centered, and interdisciplinary" (http://www.isachd.org). This emphasis on team-based care reflects the fact that adults with CHD constitute a heterogeneous population with a wide spectrum of disease complexity, frequent association with other organ involvement, and varied co-morbidities and psychosocial issues...
February 15, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323613/correction-to-the-case-of-dr-oz-ethics-evidence-and-does-professional-self-regulation-work
#16
Audiey C Kao
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 1, 2017: AMA Journal of Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296379/-profesionalismo-en-m%C3%A3-dicos-de-un-hospital-de-segundo-nivel
#17
Sergio Emilio Prieto-Miranda, Carlos Alberto Jiménez-Bernardino, Elizabeth Guadalupe Monjaraz-Guzmán, Ramiro Israel Esparza-Pérez
BACKGROUND: It takes many years to acquire abilities and technical skills necessary to do a good work as a doctor and even more years, for being "good professionals". Much of this training is based on old teaching schemes, but medicine has changed. So far no studies in our medium addressing the problem are known. The aim of this paper was to determine the level of professionalism in physicians that work in a second-level hospital. METHODS: Descriptive cross-sectional study...
March 2017: Revista Médica del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291156/experience-of-home-telehealth-technology-in-older-patients-with-diabetes
#18
Chi-Ping Chang, Ting-Ting Lee, Mary Etta Mills
The incidence of diabetes, a common chronic disease among older adults, is increasing annually. The lack of blood glucose regulation can result in severe diabetes-related complications and substantial healthcare costs, making self-care programs specific to this population especially important. Combined with reduced numbers of healthcare professionals, the integration of healthcare and information technology and the older adults' adoption of telehealth services have become increasingly important. This study used a qualitative method to interview 18 older study participants who used a telehealth service...
March 14, 2017: Computers, Informatics, Nursing: CIN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283301/can-we-trust-what-parents-tell-us-a-systematic-review
#19
REVIEW
Paul L P Brand, Sandra van Dulmen
Taking a history is a key diagnostic instrument in paediatric consultations. Numerous issues potentially reduce the history's reliability. Therefore, paediatricians have always expressed ambivalence regarding history taking from parents, both valuing and distrusting it. In this review, we describe how parents build and present a description of their child's health issues in the conceptual framework of self-regulation theory. We performed a systematic review on the literature on the reliability of history taking...
February 9, 2017: Paediatric Respiratory Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281157/climate-change-and-professional-responsibility-a-declaration-of-helsinki-for-engineers
#20
Rob Lawlor, Helen Morley
In this paper, we argue that the professional engineering institutions ought to develop a Declaration of Climate Action. Climate change is a serious global problem, and the majority of greenhouse gas emissions come from industries that are enabled by engineers and represented by the engineering professional institutions. If the professional institutions take seriously the claim that a profession should be self-regulating, with codes of ethics that go beyond mere obedience to the law, and if they take their own ethical codes seriously, recognising their responsibility to the public and to future generations (and also recognising a duty of "responsible leadership"), the professional institutions ought to develop a declaration for engineers, addressing climate change...
March 9, 2017: Science and Engineering Ethics
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