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Professional self regulation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101790/perspectives-of-people-with-a-chronic-disease-on-participating-in-work-a-focus-group-study
#1
Marloes Vooijs, Monique C J Leensen, Jan L Hoving, Haije Wind, Monique H W Frings-Dresen
Purpose To explore solutions that people with a chronic disease use to overcome difficulties they experience regarding participating in work, and the support they require to identify or implement these solutions. Methods Focus groups were held to explore solutions and support requirements of people with a chronic disease. Participants were recruited through a research institution's patient panel, a patient federation and personal networks. Analysis was conducted by means of open and selective coding, using the MAXQDA software package...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087100/-improving-prevention-integrative-model-and-recommendations-intended-for-public-health-professionals
#2
REVIEW
G Broc, A Edjolo
Public health policies aim to diminish people's exposure to negative factors, behaviors or determinants of health. Despite awareness-raising campaigns, health recommendations are still not sufficiently followed. First, the article wondered the reasons behind this observation. In order to do this, we present a theoretical model incorporating: (a) the motivational theories of communication processing; (b) the theories of motivation and volition; (c) self-regulation and self-determination theories. In a second part, the paper describes five principles for improving communication...
January 10, 2017: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28001334/coping-strategies-of-taiwanese-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorders
#3
Wei-Chih Chin, Kuo-Yu Chao, Hsueh-Ling Chang, Hsin-Mei Li, Sue-Hsien Chen
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To explore and describe the coping experiences of children with autism spectrum disorders in Taiwan. BACKGROUND: Children with autism spectrum disorders are faced with daily social and living challenges, which can cause stress. Chinese culture emphasizes discipline and obedience, which may influence coping strategies of children with autism spectrum disorders in Taiwan. DESIGN: This qualitative study employed an exploratory descriptive design...
December 21, 2016: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27996921/prenatal-whole-genome-sequencing-an-argument-for-professional-self-regulation
#4
Benjamin E Berkman, Michelle Bayefsky
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: American Journal of Bioethics: AJOB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993164/fostering-effective-early-learning-feel-through-a-professional-development-programme-for-early-childhood-educators-to-improve-professional-practice-and-child-outcomes-in-the-year-before-formal-schooling-study-protocol-for-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#5
Edward Melhuish, Steven J Howard, Iram Siraj, Cathrine Neilsen-Hewett, Denise Kingston, Marc de Rosnay, Elisabeth Duursma, Betty Luu
BACKGROUND: A substantial research base documents the benefits of attendance at high-quality early childhood education and care (ECEC) for positive behavioural and learning outcomes. Research has also found that the quality of many young children's experiences and opportunities in ECEC depends on the skills, dispositions and understandings of the early childhood adult educators. Increasingly, research has shown that the quality of children's interactions with educators and their peers, more than any other programme feature, influence what children learn and how they feel about learning...
December 19, 2016: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982786/reorienting-hypnosis-education
#6
David S Alter, Laurence Irwin Sugarman
The legacy model of professional clinical hypnosis training presents a restrictive frame increasingly incompatible with our evolving understanding of psychobiology, health, and care. Emerging science recognizes human experience not as disease and diagnosis, but as manifestations of individual, uniquely-endowed, adaptively self-regulating systems. Hypnosis is a particularly well-suited discipline for effecting beneficial change in this paradigm. Training in clinical hypnosis must progress from the current linearly-structured, diagnosis-based, reductionist model toward a more responsive, naturalistic, and client-centered curriculum in order to remain relevant and accessible to clinicians beginning to integrate it into their practices...
January 2017: American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27969068/psychological-characteristics-of-self-harming-behavior-in-korean-adolescents
#7
Woo Kyeong Lee
Recently, self-injury is drawing the attention of researchers and clinicians. The purpose of this study was to investigate the prevalence and psychological characteristics of adolescents who engage in self-harm and to examine the risk factors for engaging in this harmful behavior among Korean mid-adolescents. Participants were 784 adolescents aged 13-15 years. They completed self-report questionnaires that assessed (1) Non-Suicidal Self-Injury: the Self-Harm Questionnaire, Toronto Alexithymia Scale; (2) depression: Children's Depression Inventory; (3) adolescent-parent relationship: Parental Bonding Instrument; (4) peer attachment: Inventory of Parent and Peer Attachment; and (5) academic stress...
October 2016: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27968914/massive-misuse-of-antibiotics-by-university-students-in-china-a-cross-sectional-survey
#8
Xiao-Min Wang, Xu-Dong Zhou, Therese Hesketh
BACKGROUND: Antimicrobial resistance is one of the greatest threats to global population health this century, and is a major contributor to rising healthcare costs worldwide. The primary cause of this resistance is antibiotic misuse, especially routine inappropriate use of antibiotics for self-limiting illnesses. In China, over prescribing of antibiotics is pervasive leading to very high and increasing rates of antimicrobial resistance in both hospital-acquired and community-acquired infections...
October 2016: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27957671/medical-student-resilience-strategies-a%C3%A2-content-analysis-of-medical-students-portfolios
#9
Richard A Prayson, S Beth Bierer, Elaine F Dannefer
INTRODUCTION: Stress and burnout among medical students is a well-recognized concern. A student's ability to employ resilience strategies to self-regulate behaviour is critical to the student's future career as a physician. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed a sampling of year 1, 2 and 5 portfolio essays focused on the Personal Development competency and performance milestones, written by 49 students from three different classes in a 5-year programme devoted to training physician investigators...
December 12, 2016: Perspectives on Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932316/evaluation-of-diet-related-infographics-on-pinterest-for-use-of-behavior-change-theories-a-content-analysis
#10
Jessica L Wilkinson, Kate Strickling, Hannah E Payne, Kayla C Jensen, Joshua H West
BACKGROUND: There is increasing interest in Pinterest as a method of disseminating health information. However, it is unclear whether the health information promoted on Pinterest is evidence-based or incorporates behavior change theory. OBJECTIVES: The objective of the study was to determine the presence of health behavior theory (HBT) constructs in pins found on Pinterest and assess the relationship between various pin characteristics and the likelihood of inclusion of HBT...
December 8, 2016: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928198/how-health-professionals-regulate-their-learning-in-massive-open-online-courses
#11
Colin Milligan, Allison Littlejohn
Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs) are typically designed around a self-guided format that assumes learners can regulate their own learning, rather than relying on tutor guidance. However, MOOCs attract a diverse spectrum of learners, who differ in their ability and motivation to manage their own learning. This study addresses the research question 'How do professionals self-regulate their learning in a MOOC?' The study examined the 'Fundamentals of Clinical Trials' MOOC offered by edX, and presents narrative descriptions of learning drawn from interviews with 35 course participants...
October 2016: Internet and Higher Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878349/operation-start-times-and-postoperative-morbidity-from-liver-resection-a-propensity-score-matching-analysis
#12
Qiang Lu, Yuan Shen, Jing Zhang, Yi-Fan Ren, Jian Dong, Zhao-Qing Du, Xue-Min Liu, Zheng Wu, Yi Lv, Xu-Feng Zhang
BACKGROUND: Surgeons are likely to get progressively fatigued and work less effectively during the course of a normal workday. We sought to examine the effects of surgery start times (morning vs. afternoon) and workload of the surgeons on morbidity of patients after partial liver resection (LR). METHODS: A total of 155 pairs of the patients from 383 patients undergoing LR were generated by propensity score analysis (PSM) according to the start times of surgery: group M (morning surgery, 8 a...
November 22, 2016: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870086/health-care-for-nfl-players-upholding-physician-standards-and-enhancing-the-doctor-patient-relationship
#13
Laurent Duvernay-Tardif
Beginning my third year with the Kansas City Chiefs and being also a medical student at McGill University, I was at first a little reluctant to comment on Glenn Cohen et al.'s critique of the National Football League's structure involving player health and team doctors, but the opportunity to provide a perspective as both a football player and a medical student was too much to forgo. Because of my athletic and academic background, I am often asked what I think about injuries in professional sports and about the role of sports medicine physicians, and Cohen et al...
November 2016: Hastings Center Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858256/self-regulatory-behaviors-and-approaches-to-learning-of-arts-students-a-comparison-between-professional-training-and-english-learning
#14
Min-Chen Tseng, Chia-Cheng Chen
This study investigated the self-regulatory behaviors of arts students, namely memory strategy, goal-setting, self-evaluation, seeking assistance, environmental structuring, learning responsibility, and planning and organizing. We also explored approaches to learning, including deep approach (DA) and surface approach (SA), in a comparison between students' professional training and English learning. The participants consisted of 344 arts majors. The Academic Self-Regulation Questionnaire and the Revised Learning Process Questionnaire were adopted to examine students' self-regulatory behaviors and their approaches to learning...
November 17, 2016: Journal of Psycholinguistic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829408/examining-the-effects-of-a-mindfulness-based-distance-learning-professional-training-module-on-personal-and-professional-functioning-a-qualitative-study
#15
Simon Whitesman, Robert Mash
BACKGROUND: Training people to deliver mindfulness-based interventions (MBI) is becoming an important activity as mindfulness has been shown to have clinical benefits across a variety of conditions. Training courses must not only address the principles, skills and theory of mindfulness, but the trainers themselves must be able to embody the practice. There is limited research on the ability of teachers-in-training to embody the practice as a result of teacher training programmes. This study explored the extent to which a short course enabled future teachers to embody mindfulness practice...
November 9, 2016: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825378/buying-and-selling-human-eggs-infertility-providers-ethical-and-other-concerns-regarding-egg-donor-agencies
#16
Robert Klitzman
BACKGROUND: Egg donor agencies are increasingly being used as part of IVF in the US, but are essentially unregulated, posing critical ethical and policy questions concerning how providers view and use them, and what the implications might be. METHODS: Thirty-seven in-depth interviews of approximately 1 h were conducted - with 27 IVF providers and 10 patients. RESULTS: Clinicians vary in their views and interactions concerning egg donor agencies, ranging widely in whether and how often they use agencies...
November 8, 2016: BMC Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785628/self-entrustment-how-trainees-self-regulated-learning-supports-participation-in-the-workplace
#17
Margaretha H Sagasser, Anneke W M Kramer, Cornelia R M G Fluit, Chris van Weel, Cees P M van der Vleuten
Clinical workplaces offer postgraduate trainees a wealth of opportunities to learn from experience. To promote deliberate and meaningful learning self-regulated learning skills are foundational. We explored trainees' learning activities related to patient encounters to better understand what aspects of self-regulated learning contribute to trainees' development, and to explore supervisor's role herein. We conducted a qualitative non-participant observational study in seven general practices. During two days we observed trainee's patient encounters, daily debriefing sessions and educational meetings between trainee and supervisor and interviewed them separately afterwards...
October 26, 2016: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756277/increasing-physical-activity-among-young-children-from-disadvantaged-communities-study-protocol-of-a-group-randomised-controlled-effectiveness-trial
#18
Rebecca M Stanley, Rachel A Jones, Dylan P Cliff, Stewart G Trost, Donna Berthelsen, Jo Salmon, Marijka Batterham, Simon Eckermann, John J Reilly, Ngiare Brown, Karen J Mickle, Steven J Howard, Trina Hinkley, Xanne Janssen, Paul Chandler, Penny Cross, Fay Gowers, Anthony D Okely
BACKGROUND: Participation in regular physical activity (PA) during the early years helps children achieve healthy body weight and can substantially improve motor development, bone health, psychosocial health and cognitive development. Despite common assumptions that young children are naturally active, evidence shows that they are insufficiently active for health and developmental benefits. Exploring strategies to increase physical activity in young children is a public health and research priority...
October 19, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27752403/softball-petechiae-a-novel-cutaneous-finding-in-a-patient-participating-in-post-exercise-massage
#19
Talayesa Buntinx-Krieg, Jeffrey Greenwald
We report a case of a 39-year-old healthy male presenting with an eruption consisting of evenly spaced, well-circumscribed, round, petechial macules over a discrete region on his back. A detailed history revealed that the man participated in a high-intensity combination workout routine and post-exercise massage. He reported using a regulation-sized dimpled softball in order to massage the musculature of his back. A diagnosis of traumatic petechiae was established. A growing fitness culture encouraging high-intensity training and post-exercise massage coupled with the high costs of professional masseuse services has led to the increased use of self-massage techniques using both traditional and non-traditional massage equipment...
September 12, 2016: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27751526/what-helps-or-hinders-midwives-to-implement-physical-activity-guidelines-for-obese-pregnant-women-a-questionnaire-survey-using-the-theoretical-domains-framework
#20
Catherine McParlin, Ruth Bell, Stephen C Robson, Colin R Muirhead, Vera Araújo-Soares
OBJECTIVE: to investigate barriers and facilitators to physical activity (PA) guideline implementation for midwives when advising obese pregnant women. DESIGN: a cross-sectional, self-completion, anonymous questionnaire was designed using the Theoretical Domains Framework. this framework was developed to evaluate the implementation of guidelines by health care professionals. A total of 40 questions were included. These were informed by previous research on pregnant women's and midwives views, knowledge and attitudes to PA, and supported by national evidence based guidelines...
September 28, 2016: Midwifery
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