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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29463488/digital-health-interventions-for-adults-with-type-2-diabetes-qualitative-study-of-patient-perspectives-on-diabetes-self-management-education-and-support
#1
Kingshuk Pal, Charlotte Dack, Jamie Ross, Susan Michie, Carl May, Fiona Stevenson, Andrew Farmer, Lucy Yardley, Maria Barnard, Elizabeth Murray
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of type 2 diabetes is increasing globally, and health services in many countries are struggling with the morbidity, mortality, and costs associated with the complications of this long-term condition. Diabetes self-management education (DSME) and behavioral support can reduce the risks of developing diabetes-related complications and improve glycemic control. However, their uptake is low. Digital health interventions (DHI) can provide sustained support and may overcome challenges associated with attending diabetes self-management sessions...
January 29, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29462144/perceptions-on-evaluative-and-formative-functions-of-external-supervision-of-rwandan-primary-healthcare-facilities-a-qualitative-study
#2
Michael Schriver, Vincent Kalumire Cubaka, Sylvere Itangishaka, Laetitia Nyirazinyoye, Per Kallestrup
BACKGROUND: External supervision of primary healthcare facilities in low- and middle-income countries often has a managerial main purpose in which the role of support for professional development is unclear. AIM: To explore how Rwandan primary healthcare supervisors and providers (supervisees) perceive evaluative and formative functions of external supervision. DESIGN: Qualitative, exploratory study. DATA: Focus group discussions: three with supervisors, three with providers, and one mixed (n = 31)...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436708/nursing-wound-care-practices-in-haiti-facilitators-and-barriers-to-quality-care
#3
B A Timmins, C Thomas Riché, M W Saint-Jean, J Tuck, L Merry
AIM: To describe the facilitators and barriers for nurses to perform quality wound care in three surgical wards of a hospital in Port-au-Prince, Haiti. BACKGROUND: Up to a quarter of patients in low- and middle-income countries may acquire at least one infection while hospitalized. There is a paucity of research investigating nursing wound care practices in low- and middle-income countries regarding the prevention of hospital-acquired infections. METHODS: The design was qualitative descriptive...
February 13, 2018: International Nursing Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435394/mentor-mentee-relationship-a-win-win-contract-in-graduate-medical-education
#4
EDITORIAL
Hale Z Toklu, Jacklyn C Fuller
Scholarly activities (i.e., the discovery of new knowledge; development of new technologies, methods, materials, or uses; integration of knowledge leading to new understanding) are intended to measure the quality and quantity of dissemination of knowledge. A successful mentorship program is necessary during residency to help residents achieve the six core competencies (patient care, medical knowledge, practice-based learning and improvement, systems-based practice, professionalism, interpersonal and communication skills) required by the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME)...
December 5, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29431689/dysregulated-th1-immune-and-vascular-responses-in-scrub-typhus-pathogenesis
#5
REVIEW
Lynn Soong
Scrub typhus is an emerging, insect-transmitted disease caused by Orientia tsutsugamushi, a Gram- and LPS-negative bacterium that replicates freely within professional phagocytes and endothelial cells. Scrub typhus is prevalent with high mortality rates, but information regarding its molecular pathogenesis, microbial virulence determinants, and key immune responses is limited. Improved animal models have recently been developed that respectively resemble the pathological features of self-limiting or severe scrub typhus in humans...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29421640/sustaining-a-newly-implemented-competence-based-midwifery-programme-in-lesotho-emerging-issues
#6
Champion N Nyoni, Yvonne Botma
The need to develop midwives who improve maternal and neonatal outcomes underpins decisions to adopt competence-based education models in low- and middle-income countries. Competence-based education means a shift in the training of midwives to include student self-directed performance-oriented training. Sustaining the implementation of a curricular innovation, such as a competence-based curriculum, requires new skills and resources by countries adopting such innovation. The skills and resources needed to sustain such a curricular innovation are influenced by issues that arise during implementation of the curricular innovation...
February 5, 2018: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29384307/-analysis-of-interventions-designed-to-improve-clinical-supervision-of-student-nurses-in-benin
#7
André Otti, Magali Pirson, Danielle Piette, Yves Coppieters T Wallant
INTRODUCTION: The absence of an explicit and coherent conception of the articulation between theory and practice in the reform of nursing training in Benin has resulted in poor quality clinical supervision of student nurses. The objective of this article is to analyze two interventions designed to improve the quality of supervision. METHODS: A student welcome booklet developed by means of a consultative and provocative participatory approach was tested with twelve student nurses versus a control group...
December 5, 2017: Santé Publique: Revue Multidisciplinaire Pour la Recherche et L'action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29374004/ehealth-technologies-multimorbidity-and-the-office-visit-qualitative-interview-study-on-the-perspectives-of-physicians-and-nurses
#8
Graham G Macdonald, Anne F Townsend, Paul Adam, Linda C Li, Sheila Kerr, Michael McDonald, Catherine L Backman
BACKGROUND: eHealth is a broad term referring to the application of information and communication technologies in the health sector, ranging from health records to telemedicine and multiple forms of health education and digital tools. By providing increased and anytime access to information, opportunities to exchange experiences with others, and self-management support, eHealth has been heralded as transformational. It has created a group of informed, engaged, and empowered patients as partners, equipped to take part in shared decision making and effectively self-manage chronic illness...
January 26, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29368622/evaluation-of-the-preschool-situational-self-regulation-toolkit-prsist-program-for-supporting-children-s-early-self-regulation-development-study-protocol-for-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Steven J Howard, Elena Vasseleu, Cathrine Neilsen-Hewett, Ken Cliff
BACKGROUND: For children with low self-regulation in the preschool years, the likelihood of poorer intellectual, health, wealth and anti-social outcomes in adulthood is overwhelming. Yet this knowledge has not yielded a framework for understanding self-regulatory change, nor generated particularly successful methods for enacting this change. Reconciling insights from cross-disciplinary theory, research and practice, this study seeks to implement a newly developed program of low-cost and routine practices and activities for supporting early self-regulatory development within preschool contexts and to evaluate its effect on children's self-regulation, executive function and school readiness; and educator perceived knowledge, attitudes and self-efficacy related to self-regulation...
January 24, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29363469/psychoeducational-assessment-of-students-with-intellectual-disability-professional-action-framework-analysis
#10
Antonio M Amor González, Miguel A Verdugo Alonso, Mª I Calvo Álvarez, Patricia Navas Macho, Virginia Aguayo Romero
BACKGROUND: The right to educational inclusion for students with intellectual disability (SWID) requires the development of good assessment and intervention practices from holistic perspectives not exclusively focused on the academic limitations that SWID may present. These practices are settled in Spain, via regulations drawn up by each Autonomous Community (AC). The variety of existing regulations demands a critical review of the decisions taken to promote the inclusion of those students...
February 2018: Psicothema
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29361831/troublesome-knowledge-a-new-approach-to-quality-assurance-in-mental-health-nursing-education
#11
Donald M Leidl
Background Quality assurance and quality enhancement processes in nursing education are vital to the establishment of a strong program. Existing quality assurance methods in nursing education such as professional self-regulation and external examination rely on provincial and national nursing associations for evaluation, putting minimal responsibility and accountability on internal program examiners. Threshold concepts and troublesome knowledge provide a framework as outlined by Land that utilizes internal examiners from both student and faculty groups and represents an alternative to traditional quality assurance in nursing education...
January 1, 2018: Canadian Journal of Nursing Research, Revue Canadienne de Recherche en Sciences Infirmières
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343216/an-appraisal-how-notifiable-infectious-diseases-are-reported-by-hungarian-family-physicians
#12
Katalin Vraukó, Zoltán Jancsó, László Kalabay, Andrea Lukács, Gabriella Maráczi, Lajos Mester, Anna Nánási, József Rinfel, Tamás Sárosi, Ferenc Tamás, Albert Varga, József Vitrai, Imre Rurik
BACKGROUND: Within the frame of National Epidemiological Surveillance System, family physicians have an obligation to report infections and suspicions cases. The aim of this study was to evaluate the knowledge, attitudes, daily practice and the reporting activities of Hungarian family physicians regarding to infectious diseases. METHODS: A self-administered survey was developed, validated and used. The survey was completed by family physicians who had taken part in continuous medical educational programmes of all Hungarian medical faculties...
January 17, 2018: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317936/what-does-it-take-to-change-practice-perspectives-of-pharmacists-in-ontario
#13
Paul A M Gregory, Beatriz Teixeira, Zubin Austin
Background: This is a time of rapid change in the profession of pharmacy. Anecdotally, there are concerns that the pace, extent and rate of practice evolution are lagging. There is little evidence documenting the influencers and mechanisms that drive practice changes forward in pharmacy in Canada. Methods: An exploratory qualitative method was selected, using both one-on-one interviews with self-categorized typical pharmacists and larger focus groups to provide context and confirmation of themes generated through interviews...
January 2018: Canadian Pharmacists Journal: CPJ, Revue des Pharmaciens du Canada: RPC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302574/nurses-attitude-towards-professionalization-and-factors-influencing-it
#14
Masoumeh Shohani, Vahid Zamanzadeh
Introduction: Professionalism is one of the fundamental concepts in nursing and the result of the interaction with the environment and others. Nursing professionalism influences the quality of care and is affected by several factors. This study aimed to determine the attitude of nurses regarding professionalism and the factors affecting it. Methods: In this descriptive study, the attitude among nurses to professionalism has been measured through the questionnaire Hall, in five dimensions "membership in professional organizations", "public service", "a sense of calling", "self-regulation"," autonomy" and a researcher-made questionnaire about effective factors...
December 2017: Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282230/deconstructing-risk-management-in-psychotherapy-supervision
#15
Jerome Kroll, Jennifer Radden
In the ongoing controversy over how much regulation and standardization to impose on clinical practice and research, it is not surprising that the activity of psychotherapy supervision should be swept up in the drive for uniformity. The managers amongst us want to regulate and institutionalize all aspects of practice. In opposition, many clinicians resist the relentless march toward the safety of uniformity travel alongside managerial imposition of regulations. Psychotherapy supervision's method of a close apprenticeship relationship between supervisor and trainee and its focus on the process and ethics of professional interaction stand at the humanistic core of what is otherwise becoming an increasingly mechanistic model of providing care to persons with mental illness...
December 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233367/electronic-cigarette-use-knowledge-and-perceptions-among-health-professional-students
#16
Amy M Franks, William A Hawes, Keith R McCain, Nalin Payakachat
INTRODUCTION: Our study evaluated the electronic cigarette (e-cigarette) use, knowledge, and perceptions of health professional students enrolled in one of five colleges at a single academic health center. METHODS: A 56-item survey was conducted to examine the use, knowledge, and perceptions of e-cigarettes among health professional students. An e-cigarette knowledge score was calculated according to correct responses to eight true-false survey items, with possible scores ranging from zero to eight points...
November 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233302/validation-of-a-motivation-survey-tool-for-pharmacy-students-exploring-a-link-to-professional-identity-development
#17
Martina F Mylrea, Tarun Sen Gupta, Beverley D Glass
INTRODUCTION: Self-determination theory (SDT), which describes a continuum of motivation regulators, is proposed as an appropriate framework to study pharmacy student motivation. The aim was to develop a Pharmacy Motivation Scale (Pharm-S) to determine motivation regulators in undergraduate students and explore a possible link to professional identity development. METHODS: The Pharm-S was adapted from the SDT-based, Sports Motivation Scale (SMS-II), and administered to undergraduate students in an Australian pharmacy course...
September 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226224/an-application-of-programmatic-assessment-for-learning-pal-system-for-general-practice-training
#18
Lambert Schuwirth, Nyoli Valentine, Paul Dilena
Aim: Programmatic assessment for learning (PAL) is becoming more and more popular as a concept but its implementation is not without problems. In this paper we describe the design principles behind a PAL program in a general practice training context. Design principles: The PAL program was designed to optimise the meaningfulness of assessment information for the registrar and to make him/her use that information to self regulate their learning. The main principles in the program were cognitivist and transformative...
2017: GMS Journal for Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209251/social-cognition-and-executive-functions-as-key-factors-for-effective-pedagogy-in-higher-education
#19
Rut Correia, Gorka Navarrete
Higher education (HE) faces the challenge of responding to an increasing diversity. In this context, more attention is being paid to teachers and teaching skills positively related to students learning. Beyond the knowledges identified as key components of an effective teacher, teachers also need to be capable of unraveling what their students think and believe, and how they accommodate the new information. More importantly, teachers need to be able to adapt their own teaching to their audience's needs. In learners, social cognition (SC) has been related to a better receptivity to the different teacher-student interactions...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172856/contextual-attributes-promote-or-hinder-self-regulated-learning-a-qualitative-study-contrasting-rural-physicians-with-undergraduate-learners-in-japan
#20
Yasushi Matsuyama, Motoyuki Nakaya, Hitoaki Okazaki, Jimmie Leppink, Cees van der Vleuten
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Previous studies support the notion that East Asian medical students do not possess sufficient self-regulation for postgraduate clinical training. However, some East Asian physicians who are employed in geographically isolated and educationally underserved rural settings can self-regulate their study during the early phase of their postgraduate career. To explore the contextual attributes that contribute to self-regulated learning (SRL), we examined the differences in self-regulation between learning as an undergraduate and in a rural context in East Asia...
November 26, 2017: Medical Teacher
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