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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233367/electronic-cigarette-use-knowledge-and-perceptions-among-health-professional-students
#1
Amy M Franks, William A Hawes, Keith R McCain, Nalin Payakachat
INTRODUCTION: Our study evaluated the electronic cigarette (e-cigarette) use, knowledge, and perceptions of health professional students enrolled in one of five colleges at a single academic health center. METHODS: A 56-item survey was conducted to examine the use, knowledge, and perceptions of e-cigarettes among health professional students. An e-cigarette knowledge score was calculated according to correct responses to eight true-false survey items, with possible scores ranging from zero to eight points...
November 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233302/validation-of-a-motivation-survey-tool-for-pharmacy-students-exploring-a-link-to-professional-identity-development
#2
Martina F Mylrea, Tarun Sen Gupta, Beverley D Glass
INTRODUCTION: Self-determination theory (SDT), which describes a continuum of motivation regulators, is proposed as an appropriate framework to study pharmacy student motivation. The aim was to develop a Pharmacy Motivation Scale (Pharm-S) to determine motivation regulators in undergraduate students and explore a possible link to professional identity development. METHODS: The Pharm-S was adapted from the SDT-based, Sports Motivation Scale (SMS-II), and administered to undergraduate students in an Australian pharmacy course...
September 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226224/an-application-of-programmatic-assessment-for-learning-pal-system-for-general-practice-training
#3
Lambert Schuwirth, Nyoli Valentine, Paul Dilena
Aim: Programmatic assessment for learning (PAL) is becoming more and more popular as a concept but its implementation is not without problems. In this paper we describe the design principles behind a PAL program in a general practice training context. Design principles: The PAL program was designed to optimise the meaningfulness of assessment information for the registrar and to make him/her use that information to self regulate their learning. The main principles in the program were cognitivist and transformative...
2017: GMS Journal for Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209251/social-cognition-and-executive-functions-as-key-factors-for-effective-pedagogy-in-higher-education
#4
Rut Correia, Gorka Navarrete
Higher education (HE) faces the challenge of responding to an increasing diversity. In this context, more attention is being paid to teachers and teaching skills positively related to students learning. Beyond the knowledges identified as key components of an effective teacher, teachers also need to be capable of unraveling what their students think and believe, and how they accommodate the new information. More importantly, teachers need to be able to adapt their own teaching to their audience's needs. In learners, social cognition (SC) has been related to a better receptivity to the different teacher-student interactions...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172856/contextual-attributes-promote-or-hinder-self-regulated-learning-a-qualitative-study-contrasting-rural-physicians-with-undergraduate-learners-in-japan
#5
Yasushi Matsuyama, Motoyuki Nakaya, Hitoaki Okazaki, Jimmie Leppink, Cees van der Vleuten
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Previous studies support the notion that East Asian medical students do not possess sufficient self-regulation for postgraduate clinical training. However, some East Asian physicians who are employed in geographically isolated and educationally underserved rural settings can self-regulate their study during the early phase of their postgraduate career. To explore the contextual attributes that contribute to self-regulated learning (SRL), we examined the differences in self-regulation between learning as an undergraduate and in a rural context in East Asia...
November 26, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137632/descriptive-study-of-interprofessional-collaboration-between-physicians-and-osteopaths-for-the-pediatric-population-in-quebec-canada
#6
Chantal Morin, Johanne Desrosiers, Isabelle Gaboury
BACKGROUND: Osteopathy is an increasingly popular healthcare approach that uses a wide variety of therapeutic manual techniques to address pain and somatic dysfunction. In Quebec, Canada, osteopathy is the complementary medicine most often recommended by family physicians. However, factors fostering the development of interprofessional collaboration (IPC) between physicians and osteopaths are unknown. This study aimed to describe the current situation in terms of IPC among practitioners working with pediatric patients...
November 14, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076013/hospital-staff-views-of-prescribing-and-discharge-communication-before-and-after-electronic-prescribing-system-implementation
#7
Pamela Ruth Mills, Anita Elaine Weidmann, Derek Stewart
Background Electronic prescribing system implementation is recommended to improve patient safety and general practitioner's discharge information communication. There is a paucity of information about hospital staff perspectives before and after system implementation. Objective To explore hospital staff views regarding prescribing and discharge communication systems before and after hospital electronic prescribing and medicines administration (HEPMA) system implementation. Setting A 560 bed United Kingdom district general hospital...
December 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29060440/modelling-and-analysis-of-four-telemedicine-italian-experiences
#8
Samanta Rosati, Maddalena Zema, Cristina Castagneri, Fulvio Marchetti, Gabriella Balestra
In the last 10 years the European population aged 65 years and over grew of 2.3%, with Italy having the highest share of elderly persons in the total population. OPLON (OPportunities for active and healthy LONgevity) is a project supported by the Italian Ministry of Education, Universities, and Research aiming to identify and prevent frailty and to improve the life quality of elderly subjects. The main goal of OPLON is to develop a "Care&Cure" model for the management of subjects with different morbidities and co-morbidities, adaptable to the subject's risk level and to the regional contexts...
July 2017: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056240/evaluation-of-minimum-volume-standards-for-surgery-in-the-netherlands-2003-2017-a-successful-policy
#9
Roos Mesman, Marjan J Faber, Bart J J M Berden, Gert P Westert
PURPOSE: To evaluate the introduction and implications of minimum volume standards for surgery in Dutch health care from 2003 to 2017 and formulate policy lessons for other countries. SETTING: Dutch health care. PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Three eras were identified, representing a trust-and-control cycle in keeping with changing roles of different stakeholders in Dutch context. In the first era 'regulated trust' (2003-2009), the Dutch Inspectorate introduced national volume criteria and relied on yearly hospital reported data for information on compliance...
September 29, 2017: Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052518/voluntary-stopping-of-eating-and-drinking-is-medical-support-ethically-justified
#10
Ralf J Jox, Isra Black, Gian Domenico Borasio, Johanna Anneser
BACKGROUND: Physician-assisted dying has been the subject of extensive discussion and legislative activity both in Europe and North America. In this context, dying by voluntary stopping of eating and drinking (VSED) is often proposed, and practiced, as an alternative method of self-determined dying, with medical support for VSED being regarded as ethically and legally justified. ARGUMENT: In our opinion, this view is flawed. First, we argue that VSED falls within the concept of suicide, albeit with certain unique features (non-invasiveness, initial reversibility, resemblance to the natural dying process)...
October 20, 2017: BMC Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052454/surgical-ethics-today-and-tomorrow
#11
Robert M Sade, Minoo N Kavarana
Ethical behavior has always been deeply ingrained in surgical culture, but ethical deliberation has only recently become an important component of cardiac surgical practice. In our earlier review, we covered a range of issues including several related to informed consent, conflict of interest, professional self-regulation and innovation, among many others. This update covers several topics of interest to cardiac surgeons and cardiologists, focusing on controversial issues specific to the practice of cardiothoracic surgery: informed consent, relations with hospitals and euthanasia and physician-assisted suicide...
October 20, 2017: Future Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033872/theory-of-self-vs-externally-regulated-learning-tm-fundamentals-evidence-and-applicability
#12
Jesús de la Fuente-Arias
The Theory of Self- vs. Externally-Regulated Learning(TM) has integrated the variables of SRL theory, the DEDEPRO model, and the 3P model. This new Theory has proposed: (a) in general, the importance of the cyclical model of individual self-regulation (SR) and of external regulation stemming from the context (ER), as two different and complementary variables, both in combination and in interaction; (b) specifically, in the teaching-learning context, the relevance of different types of combinations between levels of self-regulation (SR) and of external regulation (ER) in the prediction of self-regulated learning (SRL), and of cognitive-emotional achievement...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031312/coping-strategies-of-children-treated-for-leukemia-in-china
#13
Jing Han, Jun-E Liu, Qian Xiao
PURPOSE: To describe the coping strategies and preferred coping style of Chinese children with leukemia during hospitalization. METHODS: In-depth interview with a semi-structured interview were conducted with 29 Chinese children who underwent leukemia treatment. The Kippendorf's content analysis method was used to data analysis. RESULTS: During the hospitalization, children had three ways of psychological adjustment: Self-regulation, assistance of health professionals, helping of parents...
October 2017: European Journal of Oncology Nursing: the Official Journal of European Oncology Nursing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28984375/context-matters-when-striving-to-promote-active-and-lifelong-learning-in-medical-education
#14
Joris J Berkhout, Esther Helmich, Pim W Teunissen, Cees P M van der Vleuten, A Debbie C Jaarsma
WHERE DO WE STAND NOW?: In the 30 years that have passed since The Edinburgh Declaration on Medical Education, we have made tremendous progress in research on fostering 'self-directed and independent study' as propagated in this declaration, of which one prime example is research carried out on problem-based learning. However, a large portion of medical education happens outside of classrooms, in authentic clinical contexts. Therefore, this article discusses recent developments in research regarding fostering active learning in clinical contexts...
October 6, 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982814/emotion-regulation-group-therapy-for-deliberate-self-harm-a-multi-site-evaluation-in-routine-care-using-an-uncontrolled-open-trial-design
#15
Hanna Sahlin, Johan Bjureberg, Kim L Gratz, Matthew T Tull, Erik Hedman, Jonas Bjärehed, Jussi Jokinen, Lars-Gunnar Lundh, Brjánn Ljótsson, Clara Hellner
OBJECTIVE: Emotion regulation group therapy (ERGT) has shown promising results in several efficacy trials. However, it has not been evaluated outside a research setting. In order to increase the availability of empirically supported treatments for individuals with borderline personality disorder and deliberate self-harm, an evaluation of ERGT in routine clinical care was conducted with therapists of different professional backgrounds who had received brief intensive training in ERGT prior to trial onset...
October 5, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28981827/emotional-intelligence-is-associated-with-connectivity-within-and-between-resting-state-networks
#16
William D S Killgore, Ryan Smith, Elizabeth A Olson, Mareen Weber, Scott L Rauch, Lisa D Nickerson
Emotional intelligence (EI) is defined as an individual's capacity to accurately perceive, understand, reason about, and regulate emotions, and to apply that information to facilitate thought and achieve goals. Although EI plays an important role in mental health and success in academic, professional and social realms, the neurocircuitry underlying this capacity remains poorly characterized, and no study to date has yet examined the relationship between EI and intrinsic neural network function. Here, in a sample of 54 healthy individuals (28 women, 26 men), we apply independent components analysis (ICA) with dual regression to functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) data acquired while subjects were resting in the scanner to investigate brain circuits (intrinsic resting state networks) whose activity is associated with greater self-reported (i...
September 4, 2017: Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970192/efficacy-of-seren-ctif-a-computer-based-stress-management-program-for-patients-with-adjustment-disorder-with-anxiety-protocol-for-a-controlled-trial
#17
Dominique Servant, Anne-Claire Leterme, Olivia Barasino, Laure Rougegrez, Alain Duhamel, Guillaume Vaiva
BACKGROUND: Adjustment disorder with anxiety (ADA) is the most frequent and best characterized stress-related psychiatric disorder. The rationale for prescription of benzodiazepine monotherapy is a public health issue. Cognitive behavioral stress management programs have been studied in many countries. Several reports have shown beyond reasonable doubt their efficiency at reducing perceived stress and anxiety symptoms and improving patient quality of life. Considering the number of people who could benefit from such programs but are unable to access them, self-help programs have been offered...
October 2, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969249/development-of-a-trans-disciplinary-intervention-module-for-adolescent-girls-on-self-awareness
#18
Jasmine Mary John, Janardhan Navneetham, H R Nagendra
INTRODUCTION: Mental health promotion among adolescents has been a key area of intervention for professionals working with children and adolescents. The opinions of experts in the field of mental health have taken to frame a trans-disciplinary intervention for adolescent girls on self awareness. AIM: To discuss the development and validation of a structured intervention by combining the knowledge from different disciplines in helping adolescents enhancing self awareness...
August 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926003/age-of-first-exposure-to-american-football-and-long-term-neuropsychiatric-and-cognitive-outcomes
#19
M L Alosco, A B Kasimis, J M Stamm, A S Chua, C M Baugh, D H Daneshvar, C A Robbins, M Mariani, J Hayden, S Conneely, R Au, A Torres, M D McClean, A C McKee, R C Cantu, J Mez, C J Nowinski, B M Martin, C E Chaisson, Y Tripodis, R A Stern
Previous research suggests that age of first exposure (AFE) to football before age 12 may have long-term clinical implications; however, this relationship has only been examined in small samples of former professional football players. We examined the association between AFE to football and behavior, mood and cognition in a large cohort of former amateur and professional football players. The sample included 214 former football players without other contact sport history. Participants completed the Brief Test of Adult Cognition by Telephone (BTACT), and self-reported measures of executive function and behavioral regulation (Behavior Rating Inventory of Executive Function-Adult Version Metacognition Index (MI), Behavioral Regulation Index (BRI)), depression (Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D)) and apathy (Apathy Evaluation Scale (AES))...
September 19, 2017: Translational Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925955/investing-in-the-early-childhood-mental-health-workforce-development-enhancing-professionals-competencies-to-support-emotion-and-behavior-regulation-in-young-children
#20
Shulamit N Ritblatt, Audrey Hokoda, Charles Van Liew
This paper delineates a preventive approach to early childhood mental health by preparing the workforce to provide relational, sensitive care to young children ages 0-5. One of the most prevalent issues in early childhood is behavioral challenges and the inability of young children to regulate themselves. This leads to an expulsion rate in early childhood (3-4 times higher than K-12 expulsion rate) and future mental health issues. The Early Childhood Social-Emotional and Behavior Regulation Intervention Specialist (EC-SEBRIS) graduate level certificate program was created to strengthen early care and education providers with the knowledge and practice of how to support emotion and behavior regulation in young children in their groups...
September 19, 2017: Brain Sciences
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