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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926789/profiling-quinones-in-ambient-air-samples-collected-from-the-athabasca-region-canada
#1
Andrzej Wnorowski, Jean-Pierre Charland
This paper presents new findings on polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon oxidation products-quinones that were collected in ambient air samples in the proximity of oil sands exploration. Quinones were characterized for their diurnal concentration variability, phase partitioning, and molecular size distribution. Gas-phase (GP) and particle-phase (PM) ambient air samples were collected separately in the summer; a lower quinone content was observed in the PM samples from continuous 24-h sampling than from combined 12-h sampling (day and night)...
September 5, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901261/spices-with-breast-cancer-chemopreventive-and-therapeutic-potentials-a-functional-foods-based-review
#2
Aliyu Muhammad, Mohammed Auwal Ibrahim, Ochuko Lucky Erukainure, Ibrahim Malami, Auwal Adamu
Cancer is a disease that affects a significant number of both rural and urban dwellers. Among the various types of cancer, breast cancer is one of the most common diagnosed cancers among females. Its menace can be curbed with locally consumed spices due to their multiple bioactive phytochemicals. This review focuses on the breast cancer chemopreventive and therapeutic potentials of locally consumed spices. The most commonly consumed spices with breast cancer chemopreventive and chemotherapeutic phytochemical include pepper, onions, ginger, garlic, curry and thyme containing many biologically active metabolites ranging from vitamins, fatty acids esters, polyphenols/phenolics, sulfur-containing compounds and anthraquinones with proven antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, immuno-modulatory, antitumor and anticancer properties against breast cancer/carcinogenesis...
September 12, 2017: Anti-cancer Agents in Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891327/composition-of-the-oily-compounds-phytochemical-screening-and-biological-activity-of-different-aerial-parts-of-smirnovia-turkestana-bunge
#3
Maryam Akhbari, Mahdi Yaghoobei, Sepideh Hamedi
In the present study, chemical composition of the oily compounds isolated from different parts of Smirnovia turkestana (Kashan, central Iran) using n-hexane was determined for the first time. GC-MS analysis revealed that dodecanoic acid, trans-β-ionone and methyl palmitate are the major components of leaves extract. Trans-β-ionone and hexadodecanoic acid were also, identified as the major compounds of flowers extract. Heptacosane, trans-β-ionone and vitamin E acetate were the main components of fruits. Phytochemical screening of the methanol extract proved the presence of alkaloids, anthraquinones, flavonoids and anthocyanin in the leaves, flowers and fruits of S...
September 10, 2017: Natural Product Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888188/effect-of-extracellular-electron-shuttles-on-arsenic-mobilizing-activities-in-soil-microbial-communities
#4
Shigeki Yamamura, Takayuki Sudo, Mirai Watanabe, Shun Tsuboi, Satoshi Soda, Michihiko Ike, Seigo Amachi
Microbially mediated arsenate (As(V)) and Fe(III) reduction play important roles in arsenic (As) cycling in nature. Extracellular electron shuttles can impact microbial Fe(III) reduction, yet little is known about their effects on microbial As mobilization in soils. In this study, microcosm experiments consisting of an As-contaminated soil and microbial communities obtained from several pristine soils were conducted, and the effects of electron shuttles on As mobilization were determined. Anthraquinone-2,6-disulfonate (AQDS) and riboflavin (RF) were chosen as common exogenous and biogenic electron shuttles, respectively, and both compounds significantly enhanced reductive dissolution of As and Fe...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Hazardous Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878991/synthesis-of-isopropyl-substituted-anthraquinones-via-friedel-crafts-acylations-migration-of-isopropyl-groups
#5
Abdel B Chakiri, Philip Hodge
Friedel-Crafts reactions of isopropyl-substituted benzenes with phthalic anhydride in the presence of aluminium trichloride, followed by cyclization of the products with strong sulfuric acid give, as expected, anthraquinones. The syntheses, however, often afford more than one anthraquinone. In some cases the isopropyl groups migrate cleanly to other ring positions; in other cases they are lost.
August 2017: Royal Society Open Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28873258/the-inherent-matrix-properties-of-lichen-metabolites-in-maldi-tof-ms
#6
Pierre Le Pogam, Joël Boustie, Pascal Richomme, Antoine Denis, Andreas Schinkovitz
RATIONALE: Light-absorbing secondary metabolites from lichens were recently reported to exhibit promising Laser Desorption Ionization (LDI) properties, enabling their direct detection from crude lichen extracts. In addition, many of them display close structural homologies to commercial Matrix Assisted Laser Desorption Ionization (MALDI) matrices, which is incentive for the evaluation of their matrical properties. The current study systematically evaluated the matrix effects of several structural classes of lichen metabolites: monoaromatic compounds, quinone derivatives, dibenzofuran-related molecules and the shikimate-derived vulpinic acid...
September 5, 2017: Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry: RCM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865375/dramatic-enhancement-of-organics-degradation-and-electricity-generation-via-strengthening-superoxide-radical-by-using-a-novel-3d-aqs-ppy-gf-cathode
#7
Yan Zhang, Jinhua Li, Jing Bai, Linsen Li, Ligang Xia, Shuai Chen, Baoxue Zhou
A dramatic enhancement of organics degradation and electricity generation has been achieved in a wastewater fuel cell (WFC) system via strengthening superoxide radical with radical chain reaction by using a novel 3D anthraquinone/polypyrrole modified graphite felt (AQS/PPy-GF) cathode. The AQS/PPy-GF was synthesized by one-pot electrochemical polymerization method and used to in-situ generate superoxide radical by reducing oxygen under self-imposed electric field. Results showed that methyl orange (MO) were effectively degraded in AQS/PPy-GF/Fe(2+) system with a high apparent rate constant (0...
August 24, 2017: Water Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864149/anticancer-potential-of-aminomethylidene-diazinanes-i-synthesis-of-arylaminomethylidene-of-diazinetriones-and-its-cytotoxic-effects-tested-in-glioblastoma-cells
#8
Nichole A Pianovich, Mathew Dean, Adam Lassak, Krzysztof Reiss, Branko S Jursic
Diazinane and aryl moieties with vinylamine linkers were synthesized to investigate the importance of their structural variations as potential anti-glioblastoma agents. Structural variations incorporated on to the diazinane moiety included oxa and thio derivatives, each with a variety of nitrogen-bound substituents. The size and shape of the aromatic moiety was varied, with the final variation introducing two carbonyl groups, yielding a substituted anthraquinone. Readily available diazinanes and aryl amines were used asan advantageous foundation...
August 12, 2017: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28862686/identification-of-polar-constituents-in-the-decoction-of-juglans-mandshurica-and-in-the-medicated-egg-prepared-with-the-decoction-by-hplc-q-tof-ms%C3%A2
#9
Tian-Min Wang, Ying Fu, Wen-Jie Yu, Chen Chen, Xue Di, Hui Zhang, Yan-Jun Zhai, Zheng-Yun Chu, Ting-Guo Kang, Hu-Biao Chen
As a folk medicinal plant, Juglans mandshurica has been used for the treatment of cancer in China and Korea. Traditionally, J. mandshurica is decocted together with chicken eggs. Both the decoction and medicated eggs possess anti-tumor properties. Clarifying the constituents of the decoction and absorbed by the medicated eggs is essential for the investigation of the active principles of J. mandshurica. Herein, the medicated eggs were prepared by decocting raw chicken eggs, having unbroken shells, with the decoction of J...
September 1, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28860671/polyphasic-taxonomy-of-aspergillus-section-aspergillus-formerly-eurotium-and-its-occurrence-in-indoor-environments-and-food
#10
A J Chen, V Hubka, J C Frisvad, C M Visagie, J Houbraken, M Meijer, J Varga, R Demirel, Ž Jurjević, A Kubátová, F Sklenář, Y G Zhou, R A Samson
Aspergillus section Aspergillus (formerly the genus Eurotium) includes xerophilic species with uniseriate conidiophores, globose to subglobose vesicles, green conidia and yellow, thin walled eurotium-like ascomata with hyaline, lenticular ascospores. In the present study, a polyphasic approach using morphological characters, extrolites, physiological characters and phylogeny was applied to investigate the taxonomy of this section. Over 500 strains from various culture collections and new isolates obtained from indoor environments and a wide range of substrates all over the world were identified using calmodulin gene sequencing...
September 2017: Studies in Mycology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28844340/recent-acquisitions-on-oxyprenylated-secondary-metabolites-as-anti-inflammatory-agents
#11
Serena Fiorito, Francesco Epifano, Vito Alessandro Taddeo, Salvatore Genovese
Oxyprenylated secondary metabolites from plants, fungi, and bacteria, and their semisynthetic derivatives have been subject of growing interest during the last decade. Such natural products in fact have been discovered as potentially novel lead compounds for a series of pharmacological activities, mainly in terms of anti-cancer and anti-inflammatory ones. Especially during the last 5 years, a wider panel of prenyloxy secondary metabolites have been investigated from chemical and biological points of view and these include benzoic acids, alcohols, aldehydes, chalcones, anthraquinones, 1,4-naphthoquinones, other than the well known oxyprenylated ferulic acid and coumarin derivatives...
August 18, 2017: European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28837775/photosensitization-of-fluorofuroxans-and-its-application-to-the-development-of-visible-light-triggered-nitric-oxide-donor
#12
Christopher Peter Seymour, Rei Tohda, Motonari Tsubaki, Masahiko Hayashi, Ryosuke Matsubara
Nitric oxide (NO) is an endogenous signaling molecule used in multiple biochemical processes. The development of switchable NO donors that deliver an NO payload under spatiotemporal control harbors many medicinal benefits. Previously, 4-fluorofuroxans were found to function as a UV light-induced NO donor under physiological conditions based on the photoinduced isomerization mechanism; however, the isomerization of fluorofuroxans with longer wavelength light is desired for further application into living systems...
September 5, 2017: Journal of Organic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28831863/emodin-extends-lifespan-of-caenorhabditis-elegans-through-insulin-igf-1-signaling-pathway-depending-on-daf-16-and-sir-2-1
#13
Xuan Zhao, Lulu Lu, Yonghao Qi, Miao Li, Lijun Zhou
The naturally occurring anthraquinone emodin has been serving primarily as an anti-bacterial and anti-inflammatory agent. However, little is known about its potential on anti-aging. This investigation examined the effect of emodin on lifespan and focused on its physiological molecular mechanisms in vivo. Using Caenorhabditis elegans (C. elegans) as an animal model, we found emodin could extend lifespan of worms and improve their antioxidant capacity. Our mechanistic studies revealed that emodin might function via insulin/IGF-1 signaling (IIS) pathway involving, specifically the core transcription factor DAF-16...
August 23, 2017: Bioscience, Biotechnology, and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28831735/identification-heterologous-expression-and-characterization-of-a-dye-decolorizing-peroxidase-of-pleurotus-sapidus
#14
Christiane Lauber, Tatiana Schwarz, Quoc Khanh Nguyen, Patrick Lorenz, Guenter Lochnit, Holger Zorn
The coding sequence of a peroxidase from the secretome of Pleurotus sapidus was cloned from a cDNA library. Bioinformatic analyses revealed an open reading frame of 1551 bp corresponding to a primary translation product of 516 amino acids. The DyP-type peroxidase was heterologously produced in Trichoderma reesei with an activity of 55,000 U L(-1). The enzyme was purified from the culture supernatant, biochemically characterized and the kinetic parameters were determined. The enzyme has an N-terminal signal peptide composed of 62 amino acids...
August 23, 2017: AMB Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28831292/effect-of-emodin-on-preventing-postoperative-intra-abdominal-adhesion-formation
#15
Guangbing Wei, Yunhua Wu, Qi Gao, Cancan Zhou, Kai Wang, Cong Shen, Guanghui Wang, Kang Wang, Xuejun Sun, Xuqi Li
BACKGROUND: Postoperative intra-abdominal adhesions are a major complication after abdominal surgery. Although various methods have been used to prevent and treat adhesions, the effects have not been satisfactory. Emodin, a naturally occurring anthraquinone derivative and an active ingredient in traditional Chinese herbs, exhibits a variety of pharmacological effects. In our study, we demonstrated the effect of emodin treatment on preventing postoperative adhesion formation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 48 rats were divided into six groups...
2017: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28831174/time-resolved-spectroscopic-study-on-the-photoredox-reaction-of-2-p-hydroxymethyl-phenylanthraquinone
#16
Qingqing Song, Xiting Zhang, Jiani Ma, Yan Guo, David Lee Phillips
In this work, we report a combined time-resolved spectroscopic and density functional theory computational study on 2-(p-hydroxymethyl)phenylanthraquinone (PPAQ) in which the benzyl alcohol moiety is significantly farther away from the AQ ketone group compared to the compound 2-(1-hydroxyethyl) 9,10-anthraquinone (HEAQ) so as to investigate the photophysical and photochemical reactions of PPAQ in several solvents, especially for the photoredox reaction in a pH 2 aqueous solution. The results here indicate that PPAQ undergoes the photoredox reaction via a two-step pathway and that the low efficiency of the photoredox reaction of PPAQ compared to the related HEAQ molecule is caused by the longer distance between the benzyl alcohol moiety and the AQ ketone moieties...
August 22, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28825549/determination-of-organic-impurities-in-anthraquinone-color-additives-d-c-violet-no-2-and-d-c-green-no-6-by-ultra-high-performance-liquid-chromatography
#17
H H Wendy Yang
A new practical and time-saving ultra-high performance liquid chromatography (UHPLC) method has been developed for determining the organic impurities in the anthraquinone color additives D&C Violet No. 2 and D&C Green No. 6. The impurities determined are p-toluidine, 1-hydroxyanthraquinone, 1,4-dihydroxyanthraquinone, and two subsidiary colors. The newly developed UHPLC method uses a 1.7-μ particle size C-18 column, 0.1 M ammonium acetate and acetonitrile as eluents, and photodiode array detection. For the quantification of the impurities, six-point calibration curves were used with correlation coefficients that ranged from 0...
January 1, 2017: Journal of AOAC International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28825534/quantitative-determination-of-anthraquinones-and-resveratrol-in-polygonum-cillinerve-nakai-ohwi-by-hplc-pad
#18
Yanfang Wu, Xinsheng Wang, Pu Liu, Qingshan Niu, Qinan Wu
A simple, sensitive, and validated high-performance liquid chromatography-photodiode array method has been established for the simultaneous determination of anthraquinones and resveratrol in Polygonum Cillinerve (Nakai) Ohwi (Zhushaqi in Chinese). The evaluation was performed using a Sunfire C18 reversed-phase column with 30°C column temperature. The mobile phase was composed of a gradient elution of 0.5% acetic acid (solvent A) and methanol (solvent B) with flow rate of 1.0 mL/min. The detection wavelength was at 254 nm...
January 1, 2017: Journal of AOAC International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820042/biodegradation-of-remazol-brilliant-blue-r-using-isolated-bacterial-culture-staphylococcus-sp-k2204
#19
Velayutham Karthikeyan, Madhava Anil Kumar, Pushparaj Mohanapriya, Thanarasu Amudha, Devaraj Thiruselvi, Periyasamy Karthik, Subramanian Sivanesan
Staphylococcus sp. K2204, a bacterial isolate, was employed in this work to decolorize Remazol Brilliant Blue R (RBBR), which belongs to the anthraquinone class of textile dye. Staphylococcus sp. K2204 biodegraded 100 mg/L RBBR at 37°C, under static condition with the help of extracellular laccase and peroxidases. The products of RBBR degradation were characterized using analytical tools including mass spectral technique. The phytotoxicity tests evaluated the toxicity of RBBR and the products of biodegradation...
August 18, 2017: Environmental Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818326/dual-wavelength-led-based-uv-absorption-detector-for-nano-flow-capillary-liquid-chromatography
#20
Xiaofeng Xie, Luke T Tolley, Thy X Truong, H Dennis Tolley, Paul B Farnsworth, Milton L Lee
The design of a miniaturized LED-based UV-absorption detector was significantly improved for on-column nanoflow LC. The detector measures approximately 27mm×24mm×10mm and weighs only 30g. Detection limits down to the nanomolar range and linearity across 3 orders of magnitude were obtained using sodium anthraquinone-2-sulfonate as a test analyte. Using two miniaturized detectors, a dual-detector system was assembled containing 255nm and 275nm LEDs with only 216nL volume between the detectors A 100μm slit was used for on-column detection with a 150μm i...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. A
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