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Li Ren, Zhouping Li, Chunmei Dai, Danyu Zhao, Yanjie Wang, Chunyu Ma, Chun Liu
Chrysophanol is an anthraquinone compound, which exhibits anticancer effects on certain types of cancer cells. However, the effects of chrysophanol on human breast cancer remain to be elucidated. The aim of the present study was to clarify the role of chrysophanol on breast cancer cell lines MCF‑7 and MDA‑MB‑231, and to identify the signal transduction pathways regulated by chrysophanol. MTT assay and flow cytometric analysis demonstrated that chrysophanol inhibited cell proliferation, and cell cycle progression in a dose‑dependent manner...
January 17, 2018: Molecular Medicine Reports
Jian-Bo Yang, Wan-Fang Li, Yue Liu, Qi Wang, Xian-Long Cheng, Feng Wei, Ai-Guo Wang, Hong-Tao Jin, Shuang-Cheng Ma
Polygonum multiflorum Thunb. has been used widely in East Asia in treatment of diseases associated with aging. However, there are many reports referred to the toxicity of P. multiflorum, especially for liver adverse reactions. The toxicity of it is caused by over dosage or by the herb itself remains unclear. The aim of this study was to study the toxicity of different extractions, components and constituents of P. multiflorum, which were assessed in zebrafish embryos. Firstly, the difference of extracting solvent to the toxicity of P...
January 12, 2018: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Umar Farooq, Sara Khan, Sadia Naz, Ajmal Khan, Afsar Khan, Ayaz Ahmed, Abdur Rauf, Syed Majid Bukhari, Shujaat Ali Khan, Arfa Kamil, Nadia Riaz, Abdur Rahman Khan
Three new alkyl substituted anthraquinone derivatives, trivially named as symploquinones A-C (Compounds 1-3) were isolated from Symplocos racemosa. The structures of these compounds were determined on the basis of extensive spectroscopic analyses (UV, IR, Mass, 1H- and 13C-NMR, and two-dimensional (2D) NMR techniques). The resulting data were also compared with the reported literature. These compounds were then subjected to antibacterial or antibiofilm testing. Compounds 1 and 3 exhibited good antibacterial activity in the concentration range of 160-83 μg·mL-1 against Streptococcus mutans, methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus and Proteus mirabilis...
December 2017: Chinese Journal of Natural Medicines
Kazuki Kawaai, Tomoaki Yamaguchi, Eiji Yamaguchi, Satoshi Endo, Norihiro Tada, Akira Ikari, Akichika Itoh
A novel photocatalysis to construct the 3-acyl-4-arylcoumarin framework from simple aldehyde with ynoate is described. The reac-tion proceeded through an acyl radical intermediate generated by hydrogen atom abstraction from aldehyde followed by reaction with ynoate and then cyclization to afford coumarins. This valuable radical cyclization reaction gave over 20 coumarin derivatives in moderate to good yields with inexpensive 2-tBu-anthraquinone as a catalyst. In addition, synthetic coumarins were investigated for 5α-dihydrotestosterone (DHT)-induced secretion of prostate-specific antigen (PSA) levels and cell proliferation of androgen-dependent CWR22Rv1 cells...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Organic Chemistry
Gati Krushna Panigrahi, Neeraj Verma, Nivedita Singh, Somya Asthana, Shailendra K Gupta, Anurag Tripathi, Mukul Das
Consumption of Cassia occidentalis (CO) seeds has been associated with the hepatomyoencephalopathy (HME) in children. Recently, we have characterized the toxic anthraquinones (AQs) such as Emodin, Rhein, Aloe-emodin, Chrysophanol and Physcion in CO seeds and detected these moieties in the bio fluids of CO poisoning cases. As AQs were detected in the serum of HME patients, their interaction with key biomolecules including protein, DNA and glutathione (GSH) is imperative. In this regard, we have previously reported the interaction of these AQs with serum albumin protein and their subsequent biological effects...
2018: Toxicology Reports
Wannapha Molee, Anuchit Phanumartwiwath, Chatchai Kesornpun, Sanya Sureram, Nattaya Ngamrojanavanich, Kornkanok Ingkaninan, Chulabhorn Mahidol, Somsak Ruchirawat, Prasat Kittakoop
New naphthalene derivatives (1 and 2) and a new isomer (3) of ventilagolin, together with known anthraquinones, chrysophanol (4), physcion or emodin 3-methyl ether (5), and emodin (6), were isolated from vines of Ventilago denticulata. The isolated compounds exhibited cytotoxic activity with IC50 values of 1.15-40.54 μg/mL. Compounds 1-3 selectively exhibited weak antibacterial activity (MIC values of 200.0-400.0 μg/mL), while emodin (6) displayed moderate antibacterial activity with MIC values of 25.0 μg/mL...
January 11, 2018: Chemistry & Biodiversity
Jin-Hui Wang, Fei Luan, Xiang-Dong He, Yong Wang, Mao-Xing Li
Clerodendrum is a genus of ca. 500 species in the family Lamiaceae and widely distributed throughout the whole world. Up to now, many species of this genus have been described in various indigenous systems of medicine and are used in preparation of folklore medicines for the treatment of various life-threatening diseases, and more than eleven species of the Clerodendrum genus have been very well studied for their chemical constituents and biological activities, and 283 compounds, including monoterpene and its derivatives, sesquiterpene, diterpenoids, triterpenoids, flavonoid and flavonoid glycosides, phenylethanoid glycosides, steroids and steroid glycosides, cyclohexylethanoids, anthraquinones, cyanogenic glycosides, and others have been isolated and identified...
January 2018: Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine
Na-Na Han, Xia Li, Ling Tao, Qi Zhou
Tumor targeting delivery system has been suggested as an attractive strategy against tumor progression. Combination chemotherapy is essential and effective in preventing ovarian cancer. Rhein (4, 5-dihydroxyanthraquinone-2-carboxylic acid) is a lipophilic anthraquinone. Emerging evidence indicates that rhein has many pharmacological effects, such as nephroprotective, hepatoprotective, anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, and anticancer activities. In our study, doxorubicin (DOX) and rhein (RHE) co-loaded polymeric micelle (nano-DOX/RHE) were prepared to attenuate drug resistance in ovarian cancer cells while promoting the therapeutic efficiency of DOX...
January 6, 2018: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Jiachen Sun, Yueting Wu, Shengjie Dong, Xia Li, Wenyuan Gao
BACKGROUND: Raw rhubarb samples that have been subjected to different drying procedures will have different therapeutic effects possibly due to processing-induced variations in the chemical composition. In the present work, the fresh materials were processed by smoking, sun-drying, shade-drying and oven-drying at low, moderate and high temperatures. To facilitate the selection of a suitable drying method for rhubarb, the quality of rhubarb processed under various drying conditions was evaluated based on the simultaneous determination of multiple bioactive constituents in combination with bioactivity assays...
January 9, 2018: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
Liying Wang, Li Ye, Yaqin Yu, Chuanyong Jing
Anaerobic microbiological antimonate [Sb(V)] respiration is a newly discovered process regulating the Sb redox transformation in soils. However, little is known about the role microbiological Sb(V) respiration plays in the fate of Sb in the subsurface, especially in the presence of sulfate and electron shuttles. Herein, we successfully enriched a Sb(V) reducing microbiota (SbRM) from the subsurface near an active Sb mine. SbRM was dominated by genus Alkaliphilus (18-36%), Clostridiaceae (17-18%), Tissierella (24-27%), and Lysinibacillus (16-37%)...
January 9, 2018: Environmental Science & Technology
Houari Benamar, Elonge Rarivoson, Lamberto Tomassini, Claudio Frezza, Abderrazak Marouf, Malika Bennaceur, Marcello Nicoletti
In this work, the extracts obtained with different solvents from the leaves of Rhamnus lycioides subsp. oleoides (L.) Jahand. & Maire were studied for their phytochemical profile and then for their antioxidant and acetylcholinesterase inhibitory activities. The phytochemical profiles of the extracts in n-hexane, dichloromethane, ethyl acetate, methanol, anthraquinone rich and water, showed the presence of different compounds belonging to several classes of natural products such as flavonoids, anthraquinones, saccharides and fatty acids...
January 5, 2018: Natural Product Research
Juan Gu, Chang-Fu Cui, Li Yang, Ling Wang, Xue-Hua Jiang
Colon cancer (CC) is the third most common cancer worldwide. Emodin is a kind of anthraquinone active substance which has the ability to affect tumor progression. Our study aims to explore the effects and the relevant mechanism of Emodin on the invasion and migration of CC in vitro and in vivo. In our study, we found that Emodin inhibited the invasion and migration ability of RKO cells and decreased the expression of Matrix metalloproteinase-7 (MMP-7), Matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9), and Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in a dose dependent manner...
January 4, 2018: Oncology Research
Gohar Shaghayegh, Aied M Alabsi, Rola Ali-Saeed, Abdul Manaf Ali, Vui King Vincent-Chong, Nor Hadiani Ismail, Y F Choon, Rosnah Binti Zain
Cancer is one of the most common causes of death in the developed world, with one-third of people diagnosed with cancer during their lifetime. Oral cancer commonly occurs involving the buccal mucosa (cheeks), tongue, floor of the mouth and lip. It is one of the most devastating and disfiguring of malignancies. Morinda citrifolia L., commonly known as ‘noni’, belongs to the Rubiaceae family. It is native to the Pacific islands, Hawaii, Caribbean, Asia and Australia. The plant displays broad curative effects in pharmacological studies...
December 29, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
Wojciech Trybus, Grzegorz Król, Ewa Trybus, Anna Stachurska, Anna Kopacz- Bednarska, Teodora Król
Background: Aloe-emodin belongs to the group of anthraquinones having extremely high biological activity. The aim of this study was to evaluate the range of morphological and biochemical changes in HeLa cells treated with aloe-emodin, especially with regard to the lysosomal compartment. Methods: Marking of lysosomes was performed with neutral red staining for conventional light microscopy and acridine orange staining for confocal microscopy. To evaluate ctivity of lysosomal enzymes and permeability of the lysosomal membrane, spectrophotometric techniques were employed...
December 29, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
Majus Misiak, Mateusz Heldt, Marlena Szeligowska, Stefania Mazzini, Leonardo Scaglioni, Grzegorz J Grabe, Marcin Serocki, Jan Lica, Marta Switalska, Joanna Wietrzyk, Giovanni L Beretta, Paola Perego, Dominik Zietkowski, Maciej Baginski, Edward Borowski, Andrzej Skladanowski
Anthrapyridazones, imino analogues of anthraquinone, constitute a family of compounds with remarkable anti-cancer activity. To date, over 20 derivatives were studied, of which most displayed nanomolar cytotoxicity towards broad spectrum of cancer cells, including breast, prostate and leukemic ones. BS-154, the most potent derivative, had IC50 values close to 1 nM, however, it was toxic in animal studies. Here, we characterize another anthrapyridazone, PDZ-7, which retains high cytotoxicity while being well tolerated in mice...
December 1, 2017: Oncotarget
Lubing Gu, Hailong Zhang, Tao Liu, Alexander Draganov, Sha Yi, Binghe Wang, Muxiang Zhou
A novel small-molecule anthraquinone (AQ) analog, AQ-101, which was synthesized through chemical modification of the core structures of rhein, exhibited potent anticancer activity. In the present study, we evaluated the cancer-inhibiting mechanism of AQ-101 and tested the therapeutic potential of this compound for treating cancer in mice. We found that AQ-101 was able to induce MDM2 protein degradation through a self-ubiquitination and proteasome-mediated mechanism. This AQ-101-induced MDM2 downregulation led to activation of p53, which contributed to apoptosis of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), especially those with a wild-type p53 phenotype and MDM2 expression in vitro and in vivo...
December 27, 2017: Molecular Cancer Therapeutics
Michele Pagano, Ruggiero Ciannarella, Vito Locaputo, Giuseppe Mascolo, Angela Volpe
The photochemical degradation of two azo and two anthraquinonic dyes was performed using potassium peroxymonosulphate (Oxone®) activated by UV radiation. The fast decolourization of all dyes was observed within 6 min of UV irradiation, with corresponding dye decays higher than 80%. The kinetic rate constants of the dyes' decay were determined, along with the energetic efficiency of the photochemical treatment, taking into account the influence of a few anions commonly present in real wastewaters (i.e., chloride, nitrate, carbonate/bicarbonate and phosphate ions)...
December 27, 2017: Journal of Environmental Science and Health. Part A, Toxic/hazardous Substances & Environmental Engineering
Maria Serena Maglione, Stefano Casalini, Stamatis Georgakopoulos, Marianna Barbalinardo, Vitaliy Parkula, Núria Crivillers, Concepció Rovira, Pierpaolo Greco, Marta Mas-Torrent
A switchable electrode, which relies on an indium-tin oxide conductive substrate coated with a self-assembled monolayer terminated with an anthraquinone group (AQ), is reported as an electrowetting system. AQ electrochemical features confer the capability of yielding a significant modulation of surface wettability as high as 26° when its redox state is switched. Hence, an array of planar electrodes for droplets actuation is fabricated and integrated in a microfluidic device to perform mixing and dispensing on sub-nanoliter scale...
December 27, 2017: Small
A-Mei Huang, Kai-Wei Lin, Wei-Hong Lin, Li-Hung Wu, Hao-Chun Chang, Chujun Ni, Danny Ling Wang, Hsue-Yin Hsu, Chun-Li Su, Chiaho Shih
The autophagy of human prostate cancer cells (PC3 cells) induced by a new anthraquinone derivative, 1-Hydroxy-3-[(E)-4-(piperazine-diium)but-2-enyloxy]-9,10-anthraquinone ditrifluoroactate (PA) was investigated, and the relationship between autophagy and reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation was studied. The results indicated that PA induced PC3 cell death in a time- and dose-dependent manner, could inhibit PC3 cell growth by G1 phase cell cycle arrest and corresponding decrease in the G2/M cell population and induced S-phase arrest accompanied by a significant decrease G2/M and G1 phase numbers after PC3 cells treated with PA for 48 h, and increased the accumulation of autophagolysosomes and microtubule-associated protein LC3-ll, a marker of autophagy...
December 19, 2017: Chemico-biological Interactions
Tyler J Whittemore, Travis A White, Claudia Turro
The new Ru(II)-anthraquinone complex [Ru(bpy)2(qdpq)](PF6)2 (Ru-qdpq; bpy = 2,2'-bipyridine; qdpq = 2,3-di(2-pyridyl)naphtho[2,3-f]quinoxaline-7,12-quinone) possesses a strong 1MLCT Ru → qdpq absorption with a maximum at 546 nm that tails into the near-IR and is significantly red-shifted relative to that of the related complex [Ru(bpy)2(qdppz)](PF6)2 (Ru-qdppz; qdppz = naphtho[2,3-a]dipyrido[3,2-h:2',3'-f]phenazine-5,18-dione), with λmax = 450 nm. Ru-qdppz possesses electronically isolated proximal and distal qdppz-based excited states; the former is initially generated and decays to the latter, which repopulates the ground state with τ = 362 ps...
December 20, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
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