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mesh nebulizer

Thiago C Carvalho, John P McCook, Niven R Narain, Jason T McConville
Coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10) is a poorly-water soluble compound that is being investigated for the treatment of carcinomas. The aim of this study was to investigate the feasibility of preparing phospholipid-stabilized dispersions of the anticancer agent for continuous pulmonary delivery using a vibrating-mesh nebulizer. We determined the physicochemical properties (drug particle size distribution in dispersion, zeta potential, surface tension, and rheology) and compared the aerosolization profiles (nebulization performance, aerodynamic drug deposition and total emitted dose) of dispersions of CoQ10 prepared with different phospholipids...
October 11, 2016: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
Takeshi Yano, Tetsu Yonaha, Koutaro Hidaka, Masumi Nagahama, Tomohiro Koshida, Hiroshi Matsuoka, Masahiko Taniguchi, Isao Tsuneyoshi
Yokkaichi asthma was one of the most common environmental pollution diseases in Japan in the 1960s and 1970s. The problem of air pollution in Yokkaichi was solved in the 1970s. However, mortality and life expectancy were still affected by the late effects of air pollution in patients with Yokkaichi asthma even in the 2000s. In this case report, we described the experience of successful treatment of a patient with severe asthmatic status due to Yokkaichi asthma. A 40s-year-old man, who was officially certified as a patient with Yokkaichi asthma from his infancy, was admitted to hospital due to acute exacerbation of asthma...
2016: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports
Muhammad H E ElHansy, Marina E Boules, Heba Farid, Henry Chrystyn, Sameh Kamal El-Maraghi, Mohamed Bakry Al-Kholy, Assem Fouad Mohamed El-Essawy, Maha M Abdelrahman, Amira S A Said, Raghda R S Hussein, Hoda Rabea, Mohamed E A Abdelrahim
Aerodynamic characteristics of aerosol delivery during invasive mechanical ventilation (IMV) are mostly determined by inserting cascade impactor in the circuit. Impactor might have some effect on airflow within IMV. Hence, the aim of the present study was to develop and evaluate new in vitro aerodynamic characterization methodology without affecting airflow in IMV. Breathing simulator was set in standard adult IMV circuit with inspiratory and expiratory pressures of 20 and 5 cm H2O, 1:3 inspiratory-expiratory ratio, 15 breaths min(-1), and tidal volume of 500 ml...
August 30, 2016: Pharmaceutical Development and Technology
Jonathan Dugernier, Gregory Reychler, Xavier Wittebole, Jean Roeseler, Virginie Depoortere, Thierry Sottiaux, Jean-Bernard Michotte, Rita Vanbever, Thierry Dugernier, Pierre Goffette, Marie-Agnes Docquier, Christian Raftopoulos, Philippe Hantson, François Jamar, Pierre-François Laterre
BACKGROUND: Volume-controlled ventilation has been suggested to optimize lung deposition during nebulization although promoting spontaneous ventilation is targeted to avoid ventilator-induced diaphragmatic dysfunction. Comparing topographic aerosol lung deposition during volume-controlled ventilation and spontaneous ventilation in pressure support has never been performed. The aim of this study was to compare lung deposition of a radiolabeled aerosol generated with a vibrating-mesh nebulizer during invasive mechanical ventilation, with two modes: pressure support ventilation and volume-controlled ventilation...
December 2016: Annals of Intensive Care
François Réminiac, Laurent Vecellio, Ronan Mac Loughlin, Deborah Le Pennec, Maria Cabrera, Nathalie Heuzé Vourc'h, James B Fink, Stephan Ehrmann
Aerosol therapy in infants and toddlers is challenging. Nebulization within a nasal high flow (NHF) circuit is attractive. The aim of this study was to quantify aerosol lung deposition when combined with NHF as compared with standard practice. Lung doses were measured scintigraphically after nebulization with jet and mesh nebulizer placed within a NHF circuit in a spontaneously breathing non-human primate model (macaque) and in the anatomical bench SAINT model, respectively representing a full-term newborn and a 9-month-old toddler...
July 8, 2016: Pediatric Pulmonology
Yvonne J Rosenberg, James B Fink
In addition to the global use of organophosphate (OP) pesticides for agriculture, OP nerve agents and pesticides have been employed on battlefields and by terrorists (e.g., a recent sarin attack in Syria). These occurrences highlight the need for an effective countermeasure against OP exposure. Human butyrylcholinesterase (HuBChE) is a leading candidate, but injection of the high doses required for protection present pharmacokinetic challenges. An aerosolized recombinant form (aer-rHuBChE) that can neutralize inhaled OPs at the portal of entry has been assessed for its efficacy in protecting macaques against respiratory toxicity following inhalation exposure to the pesticide paraoxon (aer-Px)...
June 2016: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
E F Young, E Perkowski, S Malik, J D Hayden, P G Durham, L Zhong, J T Welch, Miriam S Braunstein, Anthony J Hickey
PURPOSE: Analog development of existing drugs and direct drug delivery to the lungs by inhalation as treatments for multiple and extensively drug resistant (MDR and XDR) tuberculosis (TB) represent new therapeutic strategies. Pyrazinamide (PZA) is critical to drug sensitive TB therapy and is included in regimens for MDR TB. However, PZA-resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) strains threaten its use. Pyrazinoic acid esters (PAEs) are PZA analogs effective against Mtb in vitro, including against the most common PZA resistant strains...
October 2016: Pharmaceutical Research
Jean-Bernard Michotte, Enrico Staderini, Deborah Le Pennec, Jonathan Dugernier, Rares Rusu, Jean Roeseler, Laurent Vecellio, Giuseppe Liistro, Grégory Reychler
UNLABELLED: Backround: Coupling nebulization with noninvasive ventilation (NIV) has been shown to be effective in patients with respiratory diseases. However, a breath-synchronized nebulization option that could potentially improve drug delivery by limiting drug loss during exhalation is currently not available on bilevel ventilators. The aim of this in vitro study was to compare aerosol delivery of amikacin with a vibrating mesh nebulizer coupled to a single-limb circuit bilevel ventilator, using conventional continuous (Conti-Neb) and experimental inspiratory synchronized (Inspi-Neb) nebulization modes...
August 2016: Journal of Aerosol Medicine and Pulmonary Drug Delivery
Renaud Respaud, Denis Marchand, Thibaut Pelat, Kam-Meng Tchou-Wong, Chad J Roy, Christelle Parent, Maria Cabrera, Joël Guillemain, Ronan Mac Loughlin, Eric Levacher, Alexandre Fontayne, Laurence Douziech-Eyrolles, Alexandra Junqua-Moullet, Laurent Guilleminault, Philippe Thullier, Emmanuelle Guillot-Combe, Laurent Vecellio, Nathalie Heuzé-Vourc'h
The high toxicity of ricin and its ease of production have made it a major bioterrorism threat worldwide. There is however no efficient and approved treatment for poisoning by ricin inhalation, although there have been major improvements in diagnosis and therapeutic strategies. We describe the development of an anti-ricin neutralizing monoclonal antibody (IgG 43RCA-G1) and a device for its rapid and effective delivery into the lungs for an application in humans. The antibody is a full-length IgG and binds to the ricin A-chain subunit with a high affinity (KD=53pM)...
July 28, 2016: Journal of Controlled Release: Official Journal of the Controlled Release Society
Robert M DiBlasi, Dave N Crotwell, Shuijie Shen, Jiang Zheng, James B Fink, Delphine Yung
Iloprost is a selective pulmonary vasodilator approved for inhalation by the Food and Drug Administration. Iloprost has been increasingly used in the management of critically ill neonates with hypoxic lung disease. This in vitro study was designed to test the hypothesis that aerosol drug delivery could be effectively administered to infants with both conventional ventilation and high-frequency oscillatory ventilation (HFOV). A neonatal test lung model configured with newborn lung mechanics was ventilated with a conventional ventilator and an HFOV with standard settings...
March 2016: Pulmonary Circulation
Thiago C Carvalho, Jason T McConville
OBJECTIVES: In this review paper, we explore the interaction between the functioning mechanism of different nebulizers and the physicochemical properties of the formulations for several types of devices, namely jet, ultrasonic and vibrating-mesh nebulizers; colliding and extruded jets; electrohydrodynamic mechanism; surface acoustic wave microfluidic atomization; and capillary aerosol generation. KEY FINDINGS: Nebulization is the transformation of bulk liquids into droplets...
May 2016: Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
Tien-Pei Fang, Hui-Ling Lin, Shu-Hua Chiu, Szu-Hui Wang, Robert M DiBlasi, Ying-Huang Tsai, James B Fink
BACKGROUND: High frequency oscillatory ventilation (HFOV) is used in critically ill patients with severe hypoxemic respiratory failure. The purpose of this in vitro study was to determine the efficiency of aerosol delivery with different lung parameters during simulated neonatal, pediatric, and adult HFOV. METHODS: Sensormedics 3100A/B ventilators were used to deliver infant, pediatric, and adult HFOV. Two types of aerosol generators were chosen for testing: 1) a continuous jet nebulizer (JN) with a unit-dose of 5...
March 14, 2016: Journal of Aerosol Medicine and Pulmonary Drug Delivery
Charlotte Kohberg, Charlotte Uggerhøj Andersen, Elisabeth Bendstrup
BACKGROUND: Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is the most common among the idiopathic interstitial pneumonias and has the worst prognosis, with a median survival of 3-5 years. The most common symptom in IPF is dyspnea, impacting on the patient's quality of life and life expectancy. Morphine in the treatment of dyspnea has been investigated but with conflicting results. This review aims to clarify the role of opioids in the treatment of dyspnea in patients with IPF. METHODS: A literature search was performed using the MeSH and PubMed databases...
2016: European Clinical Respiratory Journal
Brian K Walsh, Peter Betit, James B Fink, Luis M Pereira, John Arnold
BACKGROUND: Ribavirin is an antiviral drug that can be administered by inhalation. Despite advancements in the oral delivery of this medication, there has been a renewed interested in delivering ribavirin via the pulmonary system. Although data are not conclusive that inhaled ribavirin improves outcomes, we set out to determine whether delivery by a newer generation nebulizer, the vibrating mesh micropump, was as effective as the recommended small-particle aerosol generator system. METHODS: We compared the physicochemical makeup and concentrations of ribavirin before and after nebulization with 0...
May 2016: Respiratory Care
Arzu Ari, Robert Harwood, Meryl Sheard, Maher Mubarak Alquaimi, Bshayer Alhamad, James B Fink
BACKGROUND: Aerosol and humidification therapy are used in long-term airway management of critically ill patients with a tracheostomy. The purpose of this study was to determine delivery efficiency of jet and mesh nebulizers combined with different humidification systems in a model of a spontaneously breathing tracheotomized adult with or without exhaled heated humidity. METHODS: An in vitro model was constructed to simulate a spontaneously breathing adult (tidal volume, 400 mL; breathing frequency, 20 breaths/min; inspiratory-expiratory ratio, 1:2) with a tracheostomy using a teaching manikin attached to a test lung through a collecting filter (Vital Signs Respirgard II)...
May 2016: Respiratory Care
Steven M Loborec, Shawn E Johnson, Ellen A Keating
PURPOSE: The results of a study to assess the financial impact of an automatic formulary substitution of ipratropium-albuterol nebulization solution for ipratropium-albuterol metered-dose inhalers (MDIs) at an academic health system are reported. METHODS: The study was conducted at a 1242-bed urban academic health system. Data were collected regarding all respiratory medication administrations during a three-month period before the MDI-to-nebulizer substitution (October-December 2012) and the same period of 2013 (after the substitution was implemented)...
February 1, 2016: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
M Mashat, B J Clark, K H Assi, H Chrystyn
BACKGROUND: Chronic infections with Pseudomonas aeruginosa are a leading cause of morbidity in patients with cystic fibrosis (CF). The aim of tobramycin inhalation therapy in CF patients with chronic pulmonary infection is to deliver high amounts of drug directly to the site of infection. TOBI(®) is a tobramycin nebulizer solution (300 mg/5 ml) approved by FDA for maintenance therapy for patient with CF. The 20% tobramycin sulfate solution was reported as the optimal and maximal concentration...
April 2016: Pulmonary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
Kohei Tahara, Wakana Hashimoto, Hirofumi Takeuchi
The use of naked unmodified small interfering RNA (N-siRNA) without vector has previously been investigated as a pulmonary therapy. However, little is known regarding stabilities and aerodynamic particle sizes of N-siRNA-containing droplets; nebulizers have not yet been optimized for N-siRNA solutions. Thus, in this study, we investigated the feasibility of inhaled N-siRNA solutions for pulmonary therapy using nebulization. Various nebulizers and N-siRNA concentrations were assessed in terms of siRNA integrity after nebulization, and inhalation properties including aerodynamic particle size were examined...
2016: Chemical & Pharmaceutical Bulletin
Landon Holbrook, Michael Hindle, P Worth Longest
The delivery of pharmaceutical aerosols to infants receiving mechanical ventilation is extremely challenging due to small diameter flow passages, low tidal volumes, and frequent exhalation of the aerosol. The use of small charged particles is proposed as a novel method to prevent deposition in ventilator components and foster deposition in the lower infant airways. The objective of this study was to compare the performance of multiple new devices for generating small charged particles that are expected to maximize respiratory drug delivery in ventilated infants...
October 1, 2015: Journal of Aerosol Science
Anu Vaikkinen, Juha Hannula, Iiro Kiiski, Risto Kostiainen, Tiina J Kauppila
RATIONALE: Desorption atmospheric pressure photoionization (DAPPI) is an ambient mass spectrometry (MS) technique that is suitable for the direct analysis of polar and nonpolar compounds from a variety of surfaces. Conventional DAPPI uses reflection geometry, but here transmission mode (TM)-DAPPI is introduced for fast and easy analysis of liquid samples. METHODS: Stainless steel and PEEK meshes were used as sampling support in TM-DAPPI. The sample was applied either in the form of a droplet on the mesh, or by dipping the mesh in the sample solution...
April 15, 2015: Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry: RCM
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