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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823129/effect-of-different-grinding-levels-of-corn-grain-on-ruminal-fermentation-and-blood-metabolites-of-holstein-steers-fed-total-mixed-ration-as-a-basal
#1
Do Hyung Kim, Seong Ho Choi, Sung Kwon Park, Sung Sill Lee, Chang Weon Choi
Objective: This study was conducted to investigate the effect different grinding levels of corn grain on ruminal fermentation and blood metabolites in Holstein steers fed TMR as a basal diet in order to provide fundamental data of corn grain for cattle in Korea. Methods: Four ruminally cannulated Holstein steers (BW 592 ± 29.9 kg) fed TMR as a basal diet were used and housed individually in an auto temperature and humidity modulated chamber (24ºC and 60% for 22 h/d)...
August 16, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823127/effects-of-feeding-corn-naturally-contaminated-with-aflatoxin-on-growth-performance-apparent-ileal-digestibility-serum-hormones-levels-and-gene-expression-of-na-k-atpase-in-ducklings
#2
Farzana Abbasi, Jingbo Liu, Hongfu Zhang, Xiaoyun Shen, Xuegang Luo
Objective: A 14-d trial was conducted to determine the effects of feeding corn naturally contaminated with aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) on growth performance, apparent ileal digestibility, serum hormones levels and gene expression of Na+, K+-ATPase in ducklings. Methods: A total of 704 ducklings were blocked on the basis of sex and body weight, and then allocated randomly to 1 of the following 2 treatments: 1) CON, basal diet and 2) AFB1, diets with 100% of normal corn replaced with AFB1 contaminated corn...
August 16, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823116/outcomes-of-living-donor-kidney-transplantation-in-diabetic-patients-age-and-sex-matched-comparison-with-non-diabetic-patients
#3
Chung Hee Baek, Hyosang Kim, Seung Don Baek, Mun Jang, Wonhak Kim, Won Seok Yang, Duck Jong Han, Su-Kil Park
Background/Aims: Kidney transplantation (KT) reportedly provides a significant survival advantage over dialysis in diabetic patients. However, KT outcome in diabetic patients compared with that in non-diabetic patients remains controversial. In addition, owing to recent improvements in the outcomes of KT and management of cardiovascular diseases, it is necessary to analyze outcomes of recently performed KT in diabetic patients. Methods: We reviewed all diabetic patients who received living donor KT between January 2008 and December 2011...
August 21, 2017: Korean Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822965/diabetes-increases-the-susceptibility-to-acute-kidney-injury-after-myocardial-infarction-through-augmented-activation-of-renal-toll-like-receptors-in-rats
#4
Kouhei Ohno, Atsushi Kuno, Hiromichi Murase, Shingo Muratsubaki, Takayuki Miki, Masaya Tanno, Toshiyuki Yano, Satoko Ishikawa, Tomohisa Yamashita, Tetsuji Miura
Acute kidney injury (AKI) after acute myocardial infarction (MI) worsens the prognosis of MI patients. Although type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) is a major risk factor of AKI after MI, the underlying mechanism remains unclear. Here, we examined roles of renal toll-like receptors (TLRs) in the impact of DM on AKI after MI. MI was induced by coronary artery ligation in OLETF, a rat DM model, and LETO, non-diabetic controls. Sham-operated rats served as no-MI controls. Renal mRNA levels of TLR2 and MyD88 were significantly higher in sham-operated OLETF than in sham-operated LETO, though levels of TLR1, TLR3, and TRL4 were similar...
August 19, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Heart and Circulatory Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822950/enhancement-of-organic-matter-degradation-and-methane-gas-production-of-anaerobic-granular-sludge-by-degasification-of-dissolved-hydrogen-gas
#5
Hisashi Satoh, Wasala M K R T W Bandara, Manabu Sasakawa, Yoshihito Nakahara, Masahiro Takahashi, Satoshi Okabe
A hollow fiber degassing membrane (DM) was applied to enhance organic matter degradation and methane gas production of anaerobic granular sludge process by reducing the dissolved hydrogen gas (D-H2) concentration in the liquid phase. DM was installed in the bench-scale anaerobic granular sludge reactors and D-H2 was removed through DM using a vacuum pump. Degasification improved the organic matter degradation efficiency to 79% while the efficiency was 62% without degasification at 12,000mgL(-1) of the influent T-COD concentration...
August 9, 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822549/effect-of-substituting-soybean-meal-and-canola-cake-with-grain-based-dried-distillers-grains-with-solubles-as-a-protein-source-on-feed-intake-milk-production-and-milk-quality-in-dairy-cows
#6
C Gaillard, M T Sørensen, M Vestergaard, M R Weisbjerg, A Basar, M K Larsen, H Martinussen, U Kidmose, J Sehested
The growth of the bioethanol industry is leading to an increase in the production of coproducts such as dried distillers grains with solubles (DDGS). Both corn-based DDGS and grain-based DDGS (gDDGS; defined as originating from grain sources such as barley, wheat, triticale, or a mix, excluding corn) appear to be relevant sources of feed and protein for dairy cows. To date, most of the studies investigating DDGS have been performed with corn-based DDGS. The objectives of this study were to determine the effects of the proportion of gDDGS in the diet on feed intake, milk production, and milk quality...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822545/effects-of-the-dose-and-viability-of-saccharomyces-cerevisiae-2-ruminal-fermentation-performance-of-lactating-dairy-cows-and-correlations-between-ruminal-bacteria-abundance-and-performance-measures
#7
Y Jiang, I M Ogunade, K G Arriola, M Qi, D Vyas, C R Staples, A T Adesogan
This study examined effects of the dose and viability of supplemented Saccharomyces cerevisiae yeast strain YE1496 on ruminal fermentation and performance of lactating dairy cows. A second objective was to examine correlations between ruminal bacteria abundance and performance measures. Four ruminally cannulated lactating cows (284 ± 18 days in milk) were assigned randomly to 1 of 4 treatment sequences in a 4 × 4 Latin square experimental design using four 21-d experimental periods. Cows were fed a nonacidotic total mixed ration comprising 22...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822544/performance-strategies-affect-mammary-gland-development-in-prepubertal-heifers
#8
R L Albino, A L Sguizzato, K M Daniels, M S Duarte, M M Lopes, S E F Guimarães, M M D C A Weller, M I Marcondes
In Brazil, the majority of dairy cattle are Holstein × Gyr (H×G). It is unknown whether excessive energy intake negatively affects their mammary development to the same extent as in purebred Holsteins. We hypothesized that mammary development of H×G heifers can be affected by dietary energy supply. We evaluated the effect of different average daily gains (ADG) achieved by feeding different amounts of a standard diet during the growing period on biometric measurements, development of mammary parenchyma (PAR) and mammary fat pad (MFP), and blood hormones...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822261/revelation-of-susceptibility-differences-due-to-hg-ii-accumulation-in-streptococcus-pyogenes-against-cx-agnps-and-cefixime-by-atomic-force-microscopy
#9
Wasia Rasheed, Muhammad Raza Shah, Samina Perveen, Shakil Ahmed, Sami Uzzaman
Solution based method for the formation of chemically modified silver nanoparticles (CX-AgNPs) using Cefixime as stabilizing and reducing agent was developed. The CX-AgNPs were characterized by AFM, UV-visible, FT-IR and MALDI-TOF MS. Bactericidal efficiency of CX-AgNPs and Cefixime against Streptococcus pyogenes was evaluated. Afterwards, susceptibility differences of Streptococcus pyogenes due to accumulation of Hg(II) against CX-AgNPs and Cefixime were estimated and validated through Atomic force microscopy...
August 16, 2017: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820679/tuberculosis-related-diabetes-is-it-reversible-after-complete-treatment
#10
Huma Aftab, Dirk L Christensen, Atiqa Ambreen, Mohammad Jamil, Peter Garred, Jørgen H Petersen, Susanne D Nielsen, Ib C Bygbjerg
Individuals with newly diagnosed tuberculosis (TB) were screened for diabetes (DM) with fasting plasma glucose (FPG) in Pakistan. A significant decrease in FPG was observed when TB was treated. Of those with newly diagnosed DM, 46% and 62% no longer had hyperglycemia after 3 and 6 months, respectively. Individuals with known DM also showed a significant decrease in fasting plasma levels when treated for TB, but after 3 months none had normoglycemia, and after 6 months 9.2% were normoglycemic. Thus, TB-related DM may abate when the stress terminates, as is the case in gestational DM...
August 7, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819730/creep-feeding-effects-on-male-nellore-calves-influencing-behavior-and-performance-of-their-dams
#11
Leandro Soares Martins, Mário Fonseca Paulino, Luciana Navajas Rennó, Edenio Detmann, Daniel Mageste de Almeida, Roman Maza Ortega, Deilen Paff Sotelo Moreno, Javier Enrique Garces Cárdenas
The objective of the present study was to evaluate the effect of different schemes of calves' supplementation in a creep feeding system, on the behavior of Bos indicus calves and dams, and also the influence of the calves' supplementation on dams' performance. Forty-eight Nellore male calves (147 ± 7 kg body weight and 3 months of age) in the suckling phase and their dams (476 ± 9 kg and 6 years of age) were studied in a completely randomized design. The experiment was divided into two periods of 71 days...
August 17, 2017: Tropical Animal Health and Production
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819595/early-intraprosthetic-dislocation-of-a-dual-mobility-acetabular-construct-after-total-hip-arthroplasty
#12
Vineet Tyagi, Oluwaseun Akinbo
INTRODUCTION: The concept of a dual mobility (DM) cup has been in existence for more than 40 years and was initially popularized in Europe. Only recently has it started to garner attention in the United States. Its design, consisting of a small femoral head articulating within a larger polyethylene (PE) insert, which articulates with an outer shell, has found increasing use in patients that are at risk for post-operative dislocations. This case report describes a case of recurrent total hip arthroplasty (THA) dislocation managed with the implantation of a DM cup with an acute intraprosthetic dislocation of the DM construct...
March 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819430/importance-of-maintaining-body-weight-for-prevention-of-distant-metastasis-of-nasopharyngeal-carcinoma-an-alternative-workflow-for-cancer-risk-assessment
#13
Wenna Zhang, Yupei Chen, Lei Chen, Xu Liu, Ying Sun, Yanming Li, Jun Ma
Purpose: To design an alternative workflow for cancer-risk assessment to predict distant metastasis (DM) of nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). Methods: We enrolled 234 patients with non-disseminated NPC and a family history of cancer who underwent intensity-modulated radiotherapy and concurrent chemo-radiotherapy with/without induction chemotherapy in our primary cohort. We conducted univariate and multivariate analyses of the associated prognostic factors, built a nomogram model for distant-metastasis-free survival (DMFS), and confirmed the prognostic value of weight-loss ratio (WTratio)...
2017: Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819368/lack-of-breastfeeding-history-in-parous-women-with-inflammatory-breast-cancer-predicts-poor-disease-free-survival
#14
Shane R Stecklein, Jay P Reddy, Adam R Wolfe, Mirtha S Lopez, Tamer M Fouad, Bisrat G Debeb, Naoto T Ueno, Abenaa M Brewster, Wendy A Woodward
Purpose: Breastfeeding alters the breast microenvironment, and several lines of evidence suggest the breast microenvironment contributes to the clinical phenotype of inflammatory breast cancer. We investigated breastfeeding history as a modifier of locoregional recurrence (LRR), distant metastasis (DM), disease-free survival (DFS), and overall survival (OS) in parous women with inflammatory breast cancer. Methods: Parous women with inflammatory breast cancer were identified from a prospective registry at The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center...
2017: Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819164/hypoxia-triggers-ifn-i-production-in-muscle-implications-in-dermatomyositis
#15
Noemí De Luna, Xavier Suárez-Calvet, Cinta Lleixà, Jordi Diaz-Manera, Montse Olivé, Isabel Illa, Eduard Gallardo
Dermatomyositis is an inflammatory myopathy characterized by symmetrical proximal muscle weakness and skin changes. Muscle biopsy hallmarks include perifascicular atrophy, loss of intramuscular capillaries, perivascular and perimysial inflammation and the overexpression of IFN-inducible genes. Among them, the retinoic-acid inducible gene 1 (RIG-I) is specifically overexpressed in perifascicular areas of dermatomyositis muscle. The aim of this work was to study if RIG-I expression may be modulated by hypoxia using an in vitro approach...
August 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818160/determination-of-mean-glycated-haemoglobin-in-healthy-adults-of-a-local-population
#16
Sumbal Nida, Dilshad Ahmed Khan, Aamir Ijaz, Muhammad Qaiser Alam Khan, Hira Aleef, Maria Abbasi
OBJECTIVE: To determine the mean hemoglobin HbA1C levels of disease-free adults in a local population and its optimum cutoff for the diagnosis of diabetes. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: Department of Chemical Pathology and Endocrinology, Armed Forces Institute of Pathology, Rawalpindi, from January to September 2015. METHODOLOGY: Healthy subjects aged 18 years and above of either gender were recruited from local population...
July 2017: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817962/patients-with-diabetic-foot-disease-fear-major-lower-extremity-amputation-more-than-death
#17
Dane K Wukich, Katherine M Raspovic, Natalie C Suder
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to identify the most-feared complications of diabetes mellitus (DM), comparing those with diabetic foot pathology with those without diabetic foot pathology. METHODS: We determined the frequency of patients ranking major lower-extremity amputation (LEA) as their greatest fear in comparison to blindness, death, diabetic foot infection (DFI), or end-stage renal disease (ESRD) requiring dialysis. We further categorized the study group patients (N = 207) by their pathology such as diabetic foot ulcer (DFU), Charcot neuroarthropathy, foot infection, or acute neuropathic fractures and dislocations...
February 1, 2017: Foot & Ankle Specialist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817863/prevention-detection-and-management-of-diabetes-in-south-dakota
#18
Amy L Hogue, Mark K Huntington
Diabetes mellitus (DM) is increasing in prevalence nationwide and in South Dakota, with an especially high prevalence in its American Indian population. Screening is not recommended for type 1 DM, but is for type 2 DM and pre-diabetes in certain populations. Fasting glucose, two-hour glucose tolerance test, or hemoglobin A1c are appropriate screening options. Treatment can include diabetic self-management education programs and medications. In addition to glycemic control, other cardiovascular risk factors must be reduced in these patients and specific testing and consultations should be performed to detect complications such as nephropathy or retinopathy...
2017: South Dakota Medicine: the Journal of the South Dakota State Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817210/varus-knee-osteoarthritis-elevated-synovial-cd15-counts-correlate-with-inferior-biomechanical-properties-of-lateral-compartment-cartilage
#19
Ulrich Koller, Wenzel Waldstein, Veit Krenn, Reinhard Windhager, Friedrich Boettner
The study analyzed the influence of synovitis on the histological and biomechanical properties of lateral-compartment cartilage. In a prospective cohort study, 84 patients (100 knees) with varus deformity of the knee were included. Osteochondral samples from the distal lateral femur underwent biomechanical and histologic analysis. Synovial tissue was sampled for histological (chronic synovitis score) and immunohistochemical evaluation of the degree of synovitis. CD15 (neutrophils), Ki-67 (dividing cells) and CD68 (macrophages) were tested in all synovial samples...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Research: Official Publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817202/perinatal-mortality-in-japanese-women-diagnosed-with-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-and-diabetes-mellitus
#20
Mamoru Morikawa, Takashi Sugiyama, Norimasa Sagawa, Yuji Hiramatsu, Hiroshi Ishikawa, Hiromi Hamada, Takashi Kameda, Emiko Hara, Shigeru Toda, Hisanori Minakami
AIMS: The objective of this study was to determine how many pregnant Japanese women with diabetes mellitus (DM)/gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) experience perinatal mortality in the presence of fetal anomalies. METHODS: Our investigation included data from 205 secondary/tertiary obstetric facilities located widely in Japan. The Japan Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare Vital Statistics of Japan was used for comparison. RESULTS: Of 237 941 women giving birth at 205 hospitals, 1796 (0...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
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