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Sural flap

Achmad Fauzi Kamal, Agus Waryudi, Zuhri Effendi, Evelina Kodrat
INTRODUCTION: Prevalence of giant cell tumor (GCT) at atypical locations like bones of the feet are rare, seen in <1% of cases. GCT may have aggressive features, including cortical expansion or destruction with a soft-tissue component. Difficult diagnosis most often followed with complicated management and high recurrence rate remains a challenge that is rarely reported. PRESENTATION OF CASE: We presented a case of forty-six-year-old male patient with giant cell tumor of the right calcaneus Campanacci 3 with secondary aneurysmal bone cyst (ABC)...
September 28, 2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Zaher Jandali, Martin C Lam, Kiomars Aganloo, Benedikt Merwart, Jouke Buissink, Klaus Müller, Lucian P Jiga
BACKGROUND: The medial sural artery perforator (MSAP) flap shows advantages for reconstruction in the foot and ankle, where bulk is a liability. We evaluated the versatility of this flap and provide further evidence on its use for covering small-to-moderate size defects by comparing the outcome depending on the region of reconstruction. METHODS: Twenty-two patients with variable defects of 4 × 4 to 18 × 7 cm underwent MSAP flap reconstruction. Final outcomes of all patients were evaluated 12-months postoperatively using the AOFAS ankle-hindfoot, midfoot and hallux scale for clinical-functional evaluation, and the SF-36 health survey for quality-of-life measurement...
October 5, 2016: Microsurgery
I-Han Chiang, Chia-Chun Wu, Shyi-Gen Chen, Chih-Hsin Wang
Soft tissue defects exposing the patellar tendon or bone are common in patients who have experienced trauma or implant infection. The purpose of this article is to present our experience of six patients who underwent reconstruction of soft tissue defects of the knee using a pedicled medial sural perforator flap. Between November 2013 and November 2015, six patients who presented with a soft tissue defect overlying the knee were admitted to our hospital. After adequate debridement or wide excision of the tumour, these patients underwent pedicled medial sural perforator flap placement to resurface the complex soft tissue defects and to provide a gliding surface for the exposed patellar tendon...
October 3, 2016: International Wound Journal
Kenji Hayashida, Hiroto Saijo, Masaki Fujioka
We describe the use of a composite flap composed of a sural neurofasciocutaneous flap and a vascularized peroneus longus tendon for the reconstruction of severe composite forearm tissue defects in a patient. A 43-year-old man had his left arm caught in a conveyor belt resulting in a large soft-tissue defect of 18 × 11 cm over the dorsum forearm. The extensor carpi radialis, superficial radial nerve, and radial artery were severely damaged. A free neurofasciocutaneous composite flap measuring 16 × 11 cm was outlined on the patient's left lower leg to allow simultaneous skin, tendon, nerve, and artery reconstruction...
September 4, 2016: Microsurgery
Souichi Ohta, Ryosuke Ikeguchi, Takashi Noguchi, Yukitoshi Kaizawa, Hiroki Oda, Shuichi Matsuda
Surgical treatment for recurrent, common peroneal neuropathy has not been reported. Herein, we describe a successfully treated case using the proximally based sural fasciocutaneous flap after reneurolysis of the adhesive common peroneal nerve. A 33-year-old man received a neurolysis operation for entrapment neuropathy of the common peroneal nerve 2 years before first admission in our clinic. Although motor nerve conduction studies showed a marked improvement after the primary operation, the patient always required the use of a crutch because of severe pain radiating to the lower leg during standing or walking...
July 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
A Marchesi, Pc Parodi, M Brioschi, M Riccio, Re Perrotta, M Colombo, Gm Calori, L Vaienti
INTRODUCTION: Defects of the Achilles tendon region represent a challenge for reconstructive surgeons. Several options are available but there is still no reconstructive ladder for this specific and tricky area. An up-to-date reconstructive ladder according to local and general conditions is proposed based on our multicentre experience and an extensive review of the English literature on PubMed. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An extensive review of the English literature was performed on PubMed using the following key-words: "Achilles region", "heel", "soft-tissue reconstruction", "flaps", "grafts" and "dermal substitutes"...
August 1, 2016: Injury
Christopher G Finkemeier, Rafael Neiman
OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate the technical aspects of a reverse sural artery (RSA) flap. DESIGN: Video case presentation. SETTING: Community Level 2 Trauma Center. PATIENTS: Single patient with a full thickness soft tissue loss over the posterior calcaneal tuberosity requiring soft tissue coverage. METHOD: Video demonstration of the stepwise planning and technical aspects of performing an RSA flap...
August 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
N M Yusof, A S Fadzli, W S Azman, M A Azril
INTRODUCTION: The understanding of the skin's vascular anatomy has improved in the last decade. It has lead to technique modification such as the staged procedure in performing sural flaps and improvement in the flap survival rate. The aim of this study was to evaluate the acute vascular complications (flap necrosis or congestion) of 29 patients who underwent distal base sural flap for coverage of wound around the ankle. METHODS: Twenty-four males and five females with a mean age of 37...
April 2016: Medical Journal of Malaysia
Tariq Masood, Riaz Ahmed, Obaidullah
BACKGROUND: Distally based sural fascio-cutaneous flap is a commonly performed plastic surgery procedure for the coverage of distal third of leg, ankle and foot defects. However congestion is the main complication of this flap which results into partial or complete loss of the flap. We devised a special splint to reduce this complication and retrospectively reviewed its effect on this complication between two groups. METHODS: This retrospective study was carried out at Northwest General hospital between 1995 and 2012...
January 2016: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
Tianquan Wang, Jian Lin, Dajiang Song, Heping Zheng, Chunlin Hou, Lei Li, Zedong Wu
BACKGROUND: Detailed investigation of the vasculature of the lateral aspect of the foot has rarely been presented. However, harvesting the flap in this area to cover defects of the foot and hand is highly important. Repair of soft-tissue defects at the forefoot remains a challenge in reconstructive surgery. This study explores the characteristics of the distal-based lateral dorsal cutaneous neuro-lateral plantar venofasciocutaneous flap pedicled with the lateral plantar artery perforator of the fifth metatarsal bone to establish a repair procedure for ulcers or defects in the forefoot region...
June 13, 2016: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
Kazufumi Sano, Satoru Ozeki, Ichiro Sugimoto, Masato Ogawa
A 60 year old male had Gustilo type III C open fracture of the right lower leg. After radical debridement, the large open defect including certain loss of the bone tissue was successfully augmented and covered, by consecutive three cross-leg flaps, which consisted of the free rectus abdominis musculocutaneous flap, the fibula osteocutaneous flap and the conventional sural flap. Although indication for amputation or preservation is decided with multiple factors in each case, a strategic combination of cross-leg flap, free flap, external fixation and vascular delay could increase the potential of preservation of the lower leg with even disastrous Gustilo type III C...
May 2016: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics
Guangfeng Sun, Kaiyu Nie, Jianping Qi, Wenhu Jin, Shujun Li, Ziyang Zhang, Zairong Wei, Dali Wang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effectiveness of the free medial sural artery perforator flap for repairing anterior dorsal foot wound. METHODS: Between January 2010 and April 2015, 16 patients with skin and soft tissue defects of the anterior foot dorsal side were treated. There were 12 males and 4 females with the average age of 35 years (mean, 16-58 years). The disease causes included burn in 5 cases, traffic accident injury in 8 cases, and crush injury in 3 cases...
March 2016: Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery
Pawan Agarwal, K L Gupta, P Yadav, Dhananjaya Sharma
INTRODUCTION: Gastrocnemius muscle is a workhorse flap to cover upper third tibial defects but has a limitation in covering middle one-third tibial defects. The inferiorly based hemi gastrocnemius muscle flap can be useful for reconstruction of the middle third of the leg. The arterial communication between the gastrocnemius muscle heads has been demonstrated, the consistent location, however, was not studied in large specimens. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was conducted on sixty specimens of gastrocnemius muscles harvested from thirty fresh cadavers to determine arterial communication between two heads of gastrocnemius muscle using radio-opaque contrast with future application of taking one head of muscle distally based for coverage of middle third defect of tibia...
January 2016: Indian Journal of Plastic Surgery: Official Publication of the Association of Plastic Surgeons of India
Wei Li-You, Zhang Hong-Wei, Zhao Gang, Wang Guo-Qiang, Yi Fan
Reverse flow sural flap (RFSF) and vacuum sealing drainage (VSD) have been used to cover soft tissue defects in the heels of children in medical emergency settings. We report a retrospective case series, including a total of 19 children with soft tissue defects in heels resulting from spokes injury. In six patients, soft tissue defects in the heel were covered with RFSF. Further, in 13 patients, the defects were covered with VSD, in seven patients defects were repaired using free skin, and in six patients defects were repaired using RFSF after VSD...
June 2, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics. Part B
M Uzair Ilyas Tahirkheli, Irfan Ellahi, Muhammad Farooq Dar, Arslan Sharif
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of mechanism of injury on wound healing, and on the viability and success of distally based sural flap when used for the coverage of defects of lower leg, ankle and foot. STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: Department of Surgery, Combined Military Hospital, Peshawar and Khariyan, from January 2012 to December 2014. METHODOLOGY: Patients with soft tissue defects over the distal leg, ankle and foot were selected by purposive sampling technique and divided into 2 groups of 19 patients each...
May 2016: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
Heval Selman Özkan, Saime İrkören, Osman Enver Aydın, Aylin Eryılmaz, Hüray Karaca
Medial sural artery perforator (MSAP) flap is a relatively new flap which is a modification of medial gastrocnemius myocutaneous flap. Both radial forearm flap and MSAP has common benefits, such as thinness, long pedicle and pliability; however, MSAP has lower donor site morbidity when compared with radial forearm flap. Because of this reason, the MSAP flap has gained popularity during the last decade. The objective of this study was to determine clinical application results of this flap in reconstruction of post-oncologic defects in the head and neck region...
May 20, 2016: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
Ricardo Horta, Ricardo Nascimento, Alvaro Silva, José Amarante
BACKGROUND: Retromolar trigone (RMT) tumors are rare and aggressive malignancies, spreading rapidly into surrounding structures. In reviewing the literature, there is lack of information and quality evidence pertaining to their management and high heterogeneity in treatment modalities. METHODS: A systematic Medline search was performed to gather all reports of articles related to retromolar trigone in tle last 10 years (2005-2015). Papers were excluded if they were related to oral cavity cancer but not specific for the RMT...
June 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Cengiz Eser, Erol Kesiktaş, Eyüphan Gencel, Emrah Efe Aslaner, Metin Yavuz
BACKGROUND: High voltage electrical injuries can cause devastating results especially in distal extremities. Although free flaps are the golden standards for the reconstruction of these defects, sometimes local flap alternatives are more useful. One of the most favorable local flap is distally based sural flap (DBSF), which can be used in cross-leg fashion when ipsilateral extremity is affected by a high voltage electrical injury. The purpose of this study was to evaluate long term results of eleven patients who underwent a reconstruction to the lower extremity with cross-leg DBSF due to high voltage electrical burn injury between the years of 2003-2013...
January 2016: Ulusal Travma Ve Acil Cerrahi Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Trauma & Emergency Surgery: TJTES
Bulent Sacak, Fatma Betul Tuncer, Nihal Durmus Kocaaslan, Ozhan Celebiler
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Muhammad Sheraz Raza, Umer Nazir, Hamid Hussain Ansari, Farid Ahmad Khan
OBJECTIVE: To assess the reliability of non-islanded distally based sural artery flap, in terms of number of flap failure (partial and major flap necrosis), number of surgeries related to the problem for which flap surgery was performed, hospital stay and return to work, for coverage of soft tissue defects of the distal one-third of leg, ankle and heel. STUDY DESIGN: Cohort study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: Department of Plastic Surgery and Burn Unit, Mayo Hospital, KEMU, Lahore, Pakistan, from January 2003 to March 2014...
April 2016: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
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