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pulmonary artery fistula

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423125/coronary-arteriovenous-fistulas-in-adult-patients-surgical-management-and-outcomes
#1
Sebnem Albeyoglu, Mustafa Aldag, Ufuk Ciloglu, Murat Sargin, Tugba Kemaloglu Oz, Hakan Kutlu, Sabri Dagsali
Objective: The aim of this study was to describe the demographic, clinical and anatomic characteristics of coronary arteriovenous fistulas in adult patients who underwent open cardiac surgery and to review surgical management and outcomes. Methods: Twenty-one adult patients (12 female, 9 male; mean age: 56.1±7.9 years) who underwent surgical treatment for coronary arteriovenous fistulas were retrospectively included in this study. Coronary angiography, chest X-ray, electrocardiography and transthoracic echocardiography were preoperatively performed in all patients...
January 2017: Brazilian Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422883/transverse-rectus-abdominis-myocutaneous-flap-for-postpneumonectomy-bronchopleural-fistula-a-case-report
#2
Jen-Wu Huang, Yi-Ying Lin, Nai-Yuan Wu, Chien-Ho Tsai
RATIONALE: Numerous types of flap coverage have been reported to prevent or to repair bronchopleural fistulas. Most of the flaps were harvested from chest area. However, these pedicled flaps might not be optimal for the patient who has undergone previous radiotherapy on pulmonary parenchyma because the pedicle artery of the flap might have been injured by irradiation. Therefore, an alternative flap outside of the chest area is necessary. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 61-year-old male was diagnosed of squamous cell carcinoma in right upper lobe lung (cT3N2M0, stage IIIa)...
April 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416195/pitavastatin-versus-pravastatin-in-adults-with-hiv-1-infection-and-dyslipidaemia-intrepid-12-week-and-52-week-results-of-a-phase-4-multicentre-randomised-double-blind-superiority-trial
#3
Judith A Aberg, Craig A Sponseller, Douglas J Ward, Vladimir A Kryzhanovski, Stuart E Campbell, Melanie A Thompson
BACKGROUND: People living with HIV-1 infection are at greater risk for cardiovascular disease than seronegative adults. Treatment of dyslipidaemia with statins has been challenging in people with HIV because of an increased potential for drug interactions due to competing cytochrome P450 metabolism between statins and commonly used antiretroviral agents. Neither pitavastatin nor pravastatin depend on cytochrome P450 for primary metabolism. We aimed to assess the safety and efficacy of pitavastatin versus pravastatin in adults with HIV and dyslipidaemia...
April 13, 2017: Lancet HIV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414671/three-s-a-crowd-an-extremely-rare-case-of-cor-triatriatum-dexter
#4
A Elagizi, R Marvin, G O'Bryan, V Vyas, L Arcement
INTRODUCTION: Cor triatriatum is a congenital cardiac anomaly in which the left (sinister) or right (dexter) atrium is divided into two compartments by residual embryonic tissue, resulting in a tri-atrial heart. As cor triatriatum dextrum can present clinically in various ways and have multiple associated cardiac anomalies, this report attempts to contribute to what is known about this exceedingly rare disorder. CASE: A 40 year old Hispanic man with a medical history of gastritis presented with complaints of palpitations, dizziness and bilateral lower extremity edema...
March 2017: Journal of the Louisiana State Medical Society: Official Organ of the Louisiana State Medical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401335/fatal-bronchovascular-fistula-after-lobectomy-visualized-through-postmortem-computed-tomography-angiography-a-case-report
#5
Philipp Hinderberger, Barbara Fliss, Michael J Thali, Wolf Schweitzer
False aneurysm of the pulmonary artery complicated by bronchovascular fistula formation represents a rare life threating condition. We report a case of fatal hemoptysis after formation of a bronchial fistula in the late postoperative period after sleeve lobectomy. Cause of death was determined by external postmortem examination, post mortem computed tomography (PMCT) and angiography (PMCTA) without conventional autopsy.
April 11, 2017: Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388272/anomalous-coronary-arteries-that-need-intervention-review-of-pre-and-postoperative-imaging-appearances
#6
Prachi P Agarwal, Carole Dennie, Elena Pena, Elsie Nguyen, Troy LaBounty, Bo Yang, Smita Patel
Coronary artery anomalies constitute a diverse group of abnormalities, ranging from anatomic variants to those having hemodynamic consequences. This review focuses on major anomalies that have clinical implications requiring treatment, including anomalous origin of the coronary artery from the opposite sinus with interarterial course specifically with an intramural course, coronary artery origin from the pulmonary artery, and coronary artery fistula. Comprehensive imaging evaluation is necessary to precisely delineate the anatomy as well as pathophysiologic aspects of the anomaly before determining treatment options for a specific patient...
April 7, 2017: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321071/massive-hemoptysis-due-to-right-inferior-phrenic-artery-to-right-pulmonary-artery-fistula-in-the-right-middle-lobe-of-the-lung
#7
Emi Yakushiji, Shinichiro Ota, Tomohiro Komatsu, Makoto Ayaori, Katsunori Ikewaki
Massive hemoptysis is a medical emergency and needs immediate treatment. It occurs in a wide variety of pulmonary diseases and typically originates from the bronchial arteries. We herein report a very rare case of a patient bleeding from a right phrenic artery-to-pulmonary artery fistula accompanied with focal bronchiectasis in the right middle lobe of the lung. In this case, multi-detector computed tomography was useful for clarifying the etiology and the abnormal anastomosis and facilitated effective angiographic embolization...
2017: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316225/-the-clinical-impact-of-artery-first-approach-combined-with-vascular-resection-and-reconstruction-in-the-treatment-of-pancreatic-head-carcinoma
#8
J L Huang, W G Li, F Z Chen, Z J Su, F M Li, B Liu
Objective: To evaluate the application of artery first, combined vascular resection and reconstruction in the treatment of pancreatic head carcinoma. Methods: The clinical data of 13 patients with pancreatic head cancer were retrospectively analyzed from February 2014 to March 2016 in the Affiliated Hospital of Xiamen University. Preoperative computed tomography of high resolution layer or magnetic resonance imaging examination demonstrated pancreatic head carcinoma, as well as close adhesion, stenosis, compression or displacement of superior mesenteric vein or portal vein wall...
March 23, 2017: Zhonghua Zhong Liu za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Oncology]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314671/a-case-of-pulmonary-hypertension-due-to-fistulas-between-multiple-systemic-arteries-and-the-right-pulmonary-artery-in-an-adult-discovered-for-occulted-dyspnoea
#9
Ji-Feng Li, Zhen-Guo Zhai, Tu-Guang Kuang, Min Liu, Zhan-Hong Ma, Yi-Dan Li, Yuan-Hua Yang
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary hypertension (PH) can be caused by a fistula between the systemic and pulmonary arteries. Here, we report a case of PH due to multiple fistulas between systemic arteries and the right pulmonary artery where the ventilation/perfusion scan showed no perfusion in the right lung. METHODS: A 32-year-old male patient was hospitalised for community-acquired pneumonia. After treatment with antibiotics, the pneumonia was alleviated but dyspnoea persisted...
February 22, 2017: Heart, Lung & Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293003/-surgical-repair-of-coronary-pulmonary-artery-fistulae-with-giant-coronary-aneurysm
#10
Naoki Hashiyama, Yusuke Katayama, Makoto Mo, Munetaka Masuda
A 69-year-old woman was referred to our hospital due to dyspnea on exertion and a heart murmur. A chest X-ray showed a bulge at the left 3rd arch and chest computed tomography( CT) revealed a giant mass adjacent to the right ventricular outflow. Multidetector-row CT and coronary angiography showed a giant coronary aneurysm (55×45 mm) and fistulae arising from the left main coronary trunk and entering into the main pulmonary artery (PA). The pulmonary to systemic flow ratio was 1.84. She was diagnosed with coronary-pulmonary artery fistulae with giant coronary aneurysm...
March 2017: Kyobu Geka. the Japanese Journal of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219564/coronary-artery-fistulae-involving-both-right-and-left-coronary-arteries
#11
Ahmet Bolukcu, Ahmet Can Topcu, Yavuz Sensoz, Ilyas Kayacioglu
A coronary artery fistula is defined as an abnormal direct communication between any coronary artery and any of the cardiac chambers, superior vena cava, coronary sinus, pulmonary artery, and pulmonary veins. The right coronary artery (RCA) is the most common site of origin, and right heart chambers are the most common site of drainage. However, there are few cases reported in the literature in which the fistulae originate from both the right coronary and the left anterior descending arteries and drain into the pulmonary artery...
March 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217405/bronchial-artery-aneurysm-with-associated-bronchial-artery-to-pulmonary-artery-fistula-treatment-by-embolization
#12
Caleb G Hsieh, Thomas Le, Keren Fogelfeld, Nader Kamangar
Bronchial artery aneurysm (BAA) is a rare vascular phenomenon. This review highlights a case of a BAA that was complicated by the presence of a bronchial artery to pulmonary artery (BA-PA) fistula, consequently presenting a unique challenge to management. BAAs have a strongly reported risk of rupture resulting in life-threatening hemoptysis. Embolization has thus become routine for the management such severe cases. The management of incidentally found anomalies is less obvious, but prophylactic embolization is a generally accepted practice...
2017: Journal of Clinical Imaging Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211168/the-medtronic-micro-vascular-plug%C3%A2-for-vascular-embolization-in-children-with-congenital-heart-diseases
#13
Shyam Sathanandam, Henri Justino, B Rush Waller, Srinath T Gowda, Wolfgang Radtke, Athar M Qureshi
OBJECTIVES: To describe the early multi-center, clinical experience with the Medtronic Micro Vascular Plug™ (MVP) in children with congenital heart disease (CHD) undergoing vascular embolization. BACKGROUND: The MVP is a large diameter vascular occlusion device that can be delivered through a microcatheter for embolization of abnormal blood vessels. METHODS: A retrospective review of embolization procedures using the MVP in children with CHD was performed in 3-centers...
April 2017: Journal of Interventional Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174402/-coronary-pulmonary-artery-fistula-in-a-hemodialysis-patient
#14
Ryuichi Yoshimura, Yoshihiro Naruse, Keita Tanaka, Yangsin Lee
We report a case of coronary-pulmonary artery fistula in a hemodialysis patient treated surgically. A 47-year-old man was admitted with chest pain and exertional dyspnea that progressively worsened over the previous 2 months. He had a history of end-stage renal disease and has been on hemodialysis for 5 years. Coronary angiography and computed tomography revealed coronary-pulmonary artery fistula that originated from both the left anterior descending coronary artery and the right coronary artery. Under cardiopulmonary bypass, we opened the pulmonary artery and closed the fistula...
February 2017: Kyobu Geka. the Japanese Journal of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153632/multiple-fistulae-of-all-three-coronary-arteries-draining-into-the-pulmonary-artery-and-concomitant-coronary-anomaly
#15
Mehmet Burak Özen, Tahir Durmaz, Hüseyin Ayhan, Mehmet Erdoğan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Portuguese Journal of Cardiology: An Official Journal of the Portuguese Society of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100472/complex-congenital-fistula-between-coronary-arteries-bronchial-arteries-and-pulmonary-artery-assessed-with-cardiac-computed-tomography
#16
Erica Maffei, Massimo Bolognesi, Filippo Cademartiri
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 17, 2017: European Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061502/brain-abscesses-associated-with-asymptomatic-pulmonary-arteriovenous-fistulas
#17
Taek-Kyun Nam, Yong-Sook Park, Jeong-Taik Kwon
Brain abscess commonly occurs secondary to an adjacent infection (mostly in the middle ear or paranasal sinuses) or due to hematogenous spread from a distant infection or trauma. Pulmonary arteriovenous fistulas (AVFs) are abnormal direct communications between the pulmonary artery and vein. We present two cases of brain abscess associated with asymptomatic pulmonary AVF. A 65-year-old woman was admitted with a headache and cognitive impairment that aggravated 10 days prior. An magnetic resonance (MR) imaging revealed a brain abscess with severe edema in the right frontal lobe...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28055329/percutaneous-transhepatic-fontan-kreutzer-completion-of-hepatic-vein-inclusion
#18
Ignacio Juaneda, Alejandro Peirone, Adolfo Ferrero Guadagnoli, Alejandro Contreras, Santiago Orozco, Juan Diaz, Christian Kreutzer
We report the case of an 11-year-old girl with heterotaxy syndrome, dextrocardia, and azygos continuation of an interrupted inferior vena cava who had developed pulmonary arteriovenous fistulas after a Kawashima procedure consisting of bilateral superior cavopulmonary anastomoses. She presented with profound cyanosis, fatigue, and failure to thrive. An operative procedure to direct hepatic vein effluent to the pulmonary circulation was performed with placement of an extracardiac conduit between the hepatic veins and the left pulmonary artery...
January 1, 2017: World Journal for Pediatric & Congenital Heart Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017937/catheter-ablation-of-atrial-fibrillation-in-very-young-adults-a-5-year-follow-up-study
#19
Ardan M Saguner, Tilman Maurer, Erik Wissner, Francesco Santoro, Christine Lemes, Shibu Mathew, Christian Sohns, Christian H Heeger, Bruno Reißmann, Johannes Riedl, Thomas Fink, Kentaro Hayashi, Peter Wohlmuth, Karl-Heinz Kuck, Feifan Ouyang, Andreas Metzner
AIMS: Catheter ablation is an established therapy for symptomatic atrial fibrillation (AF). However, outcome data on catheter ablation for AF in young adults is scarce. METHODS AND RESULTS: From 2005-2014, 85 consecutive young adults (mean age 31 ± 4 years; 69% men) with symptomatic paroxysmal AF (PAF, n = 52) and persistent (Pers) AF (n = 33) underwent pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) [±ablation of complex fractionated atrial electrograms/linear lesions in PVI non-responders] at our centre...
December 25, 2016: Europace: European Pacing, Arrhythmias, and Cardiac Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27941345/pulmonary-hypertension-is-associated-with-mortality-and-cardiovascular-events-in-chronic-kidney-disease-patients
#20
Javier Reque, Ana Garcia-Prieto, Tania Linares, Almudena Vega, Soraya Abad, Nayara Panizo, Borja Quiroga, Eladio J Collado Boira, Juan Manuel López-Gómez
BACKGROUND: We evaluated the prevalence, determinants and prognosis value of pulmonary hypertension (PH) in non-dialysis chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients. METHODS: This is a prospective study with stages 3-5 non-dialysis-dependent CKD patients. PH was estimated by Doppler echocardiography and defined as a pulmonary artery systolic pressure above 35 mm Hg. RESULTS: Three hundred fifty-three patients were recruited, of whom 94 (26.6%) had PH...
2017: American Journal of Nephrology
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