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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432169/primary-malignant-melanoma-of-the-cervix-a-rare-disease
#1
Ivo Julião, Sonia Dias Carvalho, Vanda Patricio, Ana Raimundo
Malignant melanoma (MM) arising primarily in the cervix is exceedingly rare and has a poor prognosis. We report the case of a primary MM of the cervix in a 64-year-old woman with vaginal bleeding. She presented with a cervical amelanotic lesion which on biopsy rendered the diagnosis of MM. The patient was staged as International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics IIB and underwent Wertheim-Meigshysterectomy followed by brachytherapy. One year later, she was diagnosed with a large pelvic relapse for which surgery was performed...
April 21, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430350/1st-evidence-based-italian-consensus-conference-on-cytoreductive-surgery-and-hyperthermic-intraperitoneal-chemotherapy-for-peritoneal-carcinosis-from-ovarian-cancer
#2
Davide Cavaliere, Roberto Cirocchi, Federico Coccolini, Anna Fagotti, Massimiliano Fambrini, Orietta Federici, Domenica Lorusso, Marco Vaira, Marco Ceresoli, Paolo Delrio, Alfredo Garofalo, Sandro Pignata, Paolo Scollo, Vito Trojano, Andrea Amadori, Luca Ansaloni, Giuseppe Cariti, Franco De Cian, Pierandrea De Iaco, Michele De Simone, Marcello Deraco, Annibale Donini, Giammaria Fiorentini, Luigi Frigerio, Stefano Greggi, Antonio Macrì, Enrico Maria Pasqual, Franco Roviello, Paolo Sammartino, Cinzia Sassaroli, Giovanni Scambia, Carlo Staudacher, Patrizia Vici, Enrico Vizza, Mario Valle
Ovarian cancer (OC) remains relatively rare, although it is among the top 4 causes of cancer death for women younger than 50. The aggressive nature of the disease and its often late diagnosis with peritoneal involvement have an impact on prognosis. The current scientific literature presents ambiguous or uncertain indications for management of peritoneal carcinosis (PC) from OC, both owing to the lack of sufficient scientific data and their heterogeneity or lack of consistency. Therefore, the Italian Society of Surgical Oncology (SICO), the Italian Society of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, the Italian Association of Hospital Obstetricians and Gynaecologists, and the Italian Association of Medical Oncology conducted a multidisciplinary consensus conference (CC) on management of advanced OC presenting with PC during the SICO annual meeting in Naples, Italy, on September 10-11, 2015...
April 20, 2017: Tumori
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429948/-robotic-surgery-in-gynecology
#3
R Pilka
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this review is to provide a general historical and contemporary perspective on the implementation and use of robot-assisted laparoscopy in gynecology as well as the experience gained to date. CONTENTS: Robotic-assisted laparoscopic surgeries in gynecology include benign hysterectomy, myomectomy, radical hysterectomy, lymph node dissections or sacrocolpopexies. Robot-assisted gynecologic surgery is often associated with longer operating room time but generally similar clinical outcomes, decreased blood loss and shorter hospital stay when compared to open or laparoscopic surgery...
2017: Rozhledy V Chirurgii: Měsíčník Československé Chirurgické Společnosti
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426767/benign-metastasizing-leiomyoma-a-review-of-current-literature-in-respect-to-the-time-and-type-of-previous-gynecological-surgery
#4
Edyta Barnaś, Mariusz Książek, Renata Raś, Andrzej Skręt, Joanna Skręt-Magierło, Ewa Dmoch-Gajzlerska
INTRODUCTION: Benign metastasizing leiomyoma (BML) is a rare disorder that affects women with a history of uterine leiomyoma, which is found to metastasise within extrauterine sites. The aetiology of BML remains unexplained. Because BML is rare, and most publications contain descriptions of single cases, no statistically determined time relations were found between the primary and secondary surgeries, which may have aetiological implications. OBJECTIVES: To determine age before BML surgery, age during diagnosis of BML, type of prior surgery, and location of metastasis based on the literature...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410819/-remifentanil-does-not-increase-urine-output-during-oral-surgery-contrary-to-its-effect-during-other-surgeries-a-cohort-study
#5
Kentaro Ouchi, Kazuna Sugiyama
BACKGROUND: An increase in urine output by remifentanil injection during laparoscopic procedures and surgeries such as cardiac and gynecological procedures, due to suppression of the stress response to surgery, has been reported. The aim of our prospective, observational, cohort study was to assess the effect of remifentanil analgesia on urine output during dental and minor oral surgery by comparing intraoperative urine output under defined infusion volumes with and without the use of remifentanil...
April 11, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Anestesiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410756/perioperative-sexual-interest-in-women-with-suspected-gynecologic-malignancies
#6
C Emi Bretschneider, Jeannette T Bensen, Elizabeth J Geller, Paola A Gehrig, Jennifer M Wu, Kemi M Doll
OBJECTIVES: For women with gynecologic cancer, the impact of surgery on sexual interest and desire in the immediate and later postoperative period is not well characterized. The objective of this study was to report the perioperative trends of changing sexual interest and desire in a cohort of women undergoing surgery for suspected gynecologic malignancies. METHODS: This is an ancillary analysis of a cohort study analyzing health-related outcomes in women who underwent primary surgical management of a suspected gynecologic malignancy between 10/2013 and 10/2014...
April 12, 2017: Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410225/sentinel-lymph-node-mapping-in-endometrial-cancer-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
REVIEW
Hefeng Lin, Zheyuan Ding, Vishnu Goutham Kota, Xiaoming Zhang, Jianwei Zhou
Endometrial cancer is the most frequent tumor in the female reproductive system, while the sentinel lymph node (SLN) mapping for diagnostic efficacy of endometrial cancer is still controversial. This meta-analysis was conducted to evaluate the diagnostic value of SLN in the assessment of lymph nodal involvement in endometrial cancer. Forty-four studies including 2,236 cases were identified. The pooled overall detection rate was 83% (95% CI: 80-86%). The pooled sensitivity was 91% (95% CI: 87-95%). The bilateral pelvic node detection rate was 56% (95% CI: 48-64%)...
March 29, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409048/laparoscopic-reduction-and-closure-of-an-internal-hernia-secondary-to-gynecologic-surgery
#8
Takashi Sakamoto, Alan Kawarai Lefor
Internal hernia is a rare cause of bowel obstruction which often requires emergent surgery. In general, the preoperative diagnosis of internal hernia is difficult. The pelvic cavity has various spaces with the potential to result in a hernia, especially in females. In this report, we describe a patient with an internal hernia secondary to previous gynecologic surgery. A 49-year-old woman presented with acute abdominal pain and a history of previous right oophorectomy for a benign ovarian cyst. Computed tomography scan of the abdomen showed obstruction with strangulation and emergent laparoscopic exploration was performed...
2017: Case Reports in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407094/pay-for-performance-reduces-healthcare-spending-and-improves-quality-of-care-analysis-of-target-and%C3%A2-non-target-obstetrics-and-gynecology-surgeries
#9
Seung Ju Kim, Kyu-Tae Han, Sun Jung Kim, Eun-Cheol Park
Objective: In Korea, the Value Incentive Program (VIP) was first applied to selected clinical conditions in 2007 to evaluate the performance of medical institutes. We examined whether the condition-specific performance of the VIP resulted in measurable improvement in quality of care and in reduced medical costs. Design: Population-based retrospective observational study. Setting: We used two data set including the results of quality assessment and hospitalization data from National Health Claim data from 2011 to 2014...
April 12, 2017: International Journal for Quality in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406844/the-role-of-he4-a-novel-biomarker-in-predicting-optimal-cytoreduction-after-neoadjuvant-chemotherapy-in-advanced-ovarian-cancer
#10
Francesco Plotti, Giuseppe Scaletta, Stella Capriglione, Roberto Montera, Daniela Luvero, Salvatore Lopez, Alessandra Gatti, Carlo De Cicco Nardone, Corrado Terranova, Roberto Angioli
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to evaluate serum human epididymis protein 4 (HE4) changes during neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NACT) to establish HE4 predebulking surgery cutoff values and to demonstrate that CA125, HE4, and computed tomography (CT) taken together are better able to predict complete cytoreduction after NACT in advanced ovarian cancer patients. METHODS: From January 2006 to November 2015, patients affected by epithelial advanced ovarian cancer (International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics stage III-IV), considered not optimally resectable, were included in this prospective study...
April 13, 2017: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406810/new-developments-in-minimally-invasive-gynecologic-oncology-surgery
#11
Katherine Ikard Stewart, Amanda N Fader
Minimally invasive surgery continues to transform the field of gynecologic oncology and has now become the standard of care for many early-stage malignancies. The proven benefits of minimally invasive surgery are driving the rapid introduction and dissemination of novel technologies and the increasing ability to perform even the most complex procedures less invasively. In this article, we will review the current literature on traditional multiport laparoscopy, robotic-assisted laparoscopy, laparoendoscopic single-site surgery as well as robotic-assisted laparoendoscopic single-site surgery, with a specific focus on their role in the treatment of gynecologic malignancies...
June 2017: Clinical Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403972/low-pressure-gynecological-laparoscopy-7mmhg-with-airseal-%C3%A2-system-versus-a-standard-insufflation-15mmhg-a-pilot-study-in-60-patients
#12
J Sroussi, A Elies, A Rigouzzo, N Louvet, M Mezzadri, A Fazel, J-L Benifla
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate feasibility of performing benign gynecologic pathology low pressure (7mmHg) laparoscopy (LPL) with AirSeal(®) system and to study benefits in terms of postoperative pain, when compared to a standard insufflation group (15mmHg). MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this prospective randomized pilot study, 60 patients had laparoscopy for gynecologic benign pathology: 30 with 7mmHg and AirSeal system, and 30 with 15mmHg standard insufflator. The primary endpoint was incidence of shoulder pain...
February 2017: J Gynecol Obstet Hum Reprod
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403962/management-of-deep-infiltrating-endometriosis-by-laparoscopic-route-with-robotic-assistance-3-year-experience
#13
C Abo, H Roman, V Bridoux, E Huet, J-J Tuech, B Resch, E Stochino, L Marpeau, B Darwish
OBJECTIVE: To assess the feasibility of deep endometriosis surgery using robotic assistance, benefits and limits of this approach. METHOD: Case-series study enrolling patients managed for deep infiltrating endometriosis (DIE) using robotic assistance in our department between September 2011 and March 2014 (NCT02294825). Self-questionnaires including pain and digestive symptoms were filled in preoperatively and 1 year after surgery. RESULTS: Thirty-five patients were enrolled in the series...
January 2017: J Gynecol Obstet Hum Reprod
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400829/a-case-control-study-of-bisphenol-a-and-endometrioma-among-subgroup-of-iranian-women
#14
Batool Hossein Rashidi, Massoud Amanlou, Tahere Behrouzi Lak, Mahya Ghazizadeh, Bita Eslami
BACKGROUND: Endometriosis is a multifactorial hormonally related complex disease with unknown etiology. Epidemiologic data were suggested the possible effects of endocrine disrupting chemicals such as bisphenol A (BPA) on endometriosis. BPA is similar to endogenous estrogen and has the ability to interact with estrogen receptors and stimulate estrogen production. Our aim was to evaluate the relationship between urinary BPA concentrations in women with endometrioma. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This case-control study consisted of fifty women who have been referred to gynecology and infertility center with endometrioma and were candidates for operative laparoscopy and ovarian cystectomy as cases...
2017: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400696/seprafilm%C3%A2-application-method-in-laparoscopic-surgery
#15
Mun-Kun Hong, Dah-Ching Ding
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Postoperative adhesions occur less often in laparoscopies than in laparotomies, but the incidence can be reduced further. Seprafilm, a sodium hyaluronate/carboxymethylcellulose absorbable barrier, was developed to prevent adhesions after abdominal surgery, and is approved for postoperative adhesion prevention. However, Seprafilm is seldom used in laparoscopic surgery because of its tendency to break apart when it is inserted into the abdominal cavity through a trocar, resulting in a high placement failure rate...
January 2017: JSLS: Journal of the Society of Laparoendoscopic Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399033/european-society-of-gynaecological-oncology-guidelines-for-the-management-of-patients-with-vulvar-cancer
#16
Maaike H M Oonk, François Planchamp, Peter Baldwin, Mariusz Bidzinski, Mats Brännström, Fabio Landoni, Sven Mahner, Umesh Mahantshetty, Mansoor Mirza, Cordula Petersen, Denis Querleu, Sigrid Regauer, Lukas Rob, Roman Rouzier, Elena Ulrikh, Jacobus van der Velden, Ignace Vergote, Linn Woelber, Ate G J van der Zee
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to develop clinically relevant and evidence-based guidelines as part of European Society of Gynaecological Oncology's mission to improve the quality of care for women with gynecologic cancers across Europe. METHODS: The European Society of Gynaecological Oncology Council nominated an international development group made of practicing clinicians who provide care to patients with vulvar cancer and have demonstrated leadership and interest in the management of patients with vulvar cancer (18 experts across Europe)...
April 8, 2017: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398930/management-of-mesh-and-graft-complications-in-gynecologic-surgery
#17
(no author information available yet)
This document focuses on the management of complications related to mesh used to correct stress urinary incontinence or pelvic organ prolapse. Persistent vaginal bleeding, vaginal discharge, or recurrent urinary tract infections after mesh placement should prompt an examination and possible further evaluation for exposure or erosion. A careful history and physical examination is essential in the diagnosis of mesh and graft complications. A clear understanding of the location and extent of mesh placement, as well as the patient's symptoms and therapy goals, are necessary to plan treatment approaches...
April 10, 2017: Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398842/feasibility-of-a-brief-yoga-intervention-for-improving-acute-pain-and-distress-post-gynecologic-surgery
#18
Stephanie J Sohl, Nancy E Avis, Kimberly Stanbery, Janet A Tooze, Kelly Moormann, Suzanne C Danhauer
BACKGROUND: Women undergoing surgical procedures for suspected gynecologic malignancies frequently experience pain and psychological distress related to surgery. Yoga may reduce these negative surgical outcomes. The primary objective of this pilot study was to assess the feasibility of evaluating a perioperative brief Yoga Skills Training (YST) in this population. Secondary objectives were to (1) assess the immediate effects of the YST on pain and psychological distress; and (2) provide preliminary data for future studies...
September 1, 2016: International Journal of Yoga Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397725/transforming-growth-factor-beta-1-involved-in-the-pathogenesis-of-endometriosis-through-regulating-expression-of-vascular-endothelial-growth-factor-under-hypoxia
#19
Yue-Xin Yu, Yin-Ling Xiu, Xi Chen, Ya-Li Li
BACKGROUND: Endometriosis (EMs) is a common gynecological disorder characterized by endometrial-like tissue outside the uterus. Hypoxia induces the expression of many important downstream genes to regulate the implantation, survival, and maintenance of ectopic endometriotic lesions. Transforming growth factor-beta 1 (TGF-β1) plays a major role in the etiology of EMs. We aimed to determine whether TGF-β1 affects EMs development and progression and its related mechanisms in hypoxic conditions...
April 20, 2017: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393094/laparoscopic-surgery-for-gynecologic-cancer-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-lmics-an-area-of-need
#20
Melissa Schwartz, Cherng-Jye Jeng, Linus T Chuang
Over 90% of people living in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) do not have access to surgical care. In the absence of appropriate surgical care, there is high morbidity and mortality from surgically curable diseases, such as cervical cancer. Laparoscopic surgery for gynecologic cancer in LMICs is extremely limited. The benefits of laparoscopy over open surgery are even more pronounced in LMICs than in resource-rich countries. Barriers to implementation of laparoscopic surgery in LMICs should be identified and addressed in order to improve global cancer care and the lives of women worldwide...
May 2017: Gynecologic Oncology Reports
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