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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219446/effective-knowledge-translation-approaches-and-practices-in-indigenous-health-research-a-systematic-review-protocol
#1
Melody E Morton Ninomiya, Donna Atkinson, Simon Brascoupé, Michelle Firestone, Nicole Robinson, Jeff Reading, Carolyn P Ziegler, Raglan Maddox, Janet K Smylie
BACKGROUND: Effective knowledge translation (KT) is critical to implementing program and policy changes that require shared understandings of knowledge systems, assumptions, and practices. Within mainstream research institutions and funding agencies, systemic and insidious inequities, privileges, and power relationships inhibit Indigenous peoples' control, input, and benefits over research. This systematic review will examine literature on KT initiatives in Indigenous health research to help identify wise and promising Indigenous KT practices and language in Canada and abroad...
February 20, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219334/assessing-the-predictive-power-of-psychological-empowerment-and-health-literacy-for-older-patients-participation-in-health-care-a-cross-sectional-population-based-study
#2
Gabriele Sak, Fabia Rothenfluh, Peter J Schulz
BACKGROUND: Research has confirmed a positive link between patient involvement in decision-making and improvements in health outcomes. The objective of this study was to examine the roles of psychological empowerment and health literacy on the elderly's willingness to engage in treatment decisions. METHODS: A self-administered questionnaire was completed by a randomly selected sample of Swiss adults aged 65-80 years old (N = 826). Multivariate logistic regression was applied to determine the contribution of health literacy, psychological empowerment, and trust in physician on participants' preference to be active, collaborative or passive in decision-making...
February 20, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214475/hunter-and-new-england-healthpathways-a-4-year-journey-of-integrated-care
#3
Jane S Gray, Judith R Swan, Margaret A Lynch, Tracey M Tay, Marika-Jane Mackenzie, John H Wiggers, Karen A Harrison, Robert C McDonald, Ian P O'Dea, Louise M Harrigan, Sandra M Fitzgerald
Objective This paper describes the 4-year journey of Hunter and New England HealthPathways - a password-protected web-based portal designed to provide localised evidence-informed clinical and referral information to support general practice at the point of care.Methods A process evaluation was conducted in 2013, with a case study comparison performed in 2014 to assess impact of HealthPathways on patient referral and access to specialist care, followed by a review in 2016 of utilisation of the online portal to assess whether healthcare providers continued to access HealthPathways...
February 20, 2017: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202926/dental-public-health-capacity-worldwide-results-of-a-global-survey
#4
Marta Lomazzi, Valerie Wordley, Raman Bedi
The World Federation of Public Health Associations' Oral Health Working Group (WFPHA OHWG) carried out a survey to establish the extent of global dental public health (DPH) capacity. Senior stakeholders in DPH completed 124 surveys, covering 73 countries and all WHO regions. The survey evaluated DPH workforce within the country, funding, education, current services, and integration between public health and DPH in countries across the world. In 62 per cent of countries, DPH is only partially integrated in the public health system, while in 25 per cent of countries it has not yet been formally integrated...
December 2016: Journal of Public Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186715/adoption-of-the-nova-scotia-canada-community-pharmacy-medication-management-program-1-year-post-initiation
#5
Heidi J Deal, Charmaine A Cooke, Ethel M Langille Ingram, Ingrid S Sketris
BACKGROUND: Pharmacists conduct medication reviews to optimize drug therapy. Each jurisdiction implements and funds these programs differently. OBJECTIVE: To describe the uptake of the first year of a community pharmacy medication review program reimbursed by the publically insured seniors' drug benefit program in Nova Scotia, Canada. METHODS: This retrospective analysis included 294 pharmacies and 105,000 beneficiaries enrolled in the Nova Scotia Seniors' Pharmacare Program...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Population Therapeutics and Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160808/moving-social-work-norms-via-theater-for-senior-farmers
#6
Deborah B Reed, Deborah T Claunch
PROBLEM: Senior farmers have a 2.6-fold risk of fatal injury compared to their younger counterparts. Usual educational interventions have resulted in limited success in reducing injury. METHOD: An innovative strategy, didactic readers theater, was piloted. Farmers' stories provided the foundation for the scripts. The approach incorporated adult learning strategies based on Ajzen's Theory of Planned Behavior. The intervention was marketed as a "dinner theater" to farm couples...
February 2017: Journal of Safety Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156491/integrating-a-palliative-care-longitudinal-track-into-a-family-medicine-residency-program
#7
(no author information available yet)
: 156 Background: Palliative care and Palliative care skills are being instituted in many hospitals and clinics as they have been shown to improve health care outcomes and decrease costs. While health care organizations are adopting these coordinated care programs, finding competent physicians to work effectively in these programs is difficult. METHODS: PIH Health Hospital Whittier Family Medicine Residency Program developed a longitdudinal Palliative Care and Chronic Disease track to generate a transformed workforce of future family physicians that can deliver innovative, empathetic and effective care for seriously ill patients who are at risk due to health disparities, advanced multiple chronic conditions, or frailty...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152337/how-states-are-tackling-the-opioid-crisis
#8
Shalini Wickramatilake, Julia Zur, Norah Mulvaney-Day, Melinda Campopiano von Klimo, Elizabeth Selmi, Henrick Harwood
OBJECTIVES: We used data from the 2015 National Association of State Alcohol and Drug Abuse Directors Web-based questionnaire and other sources to demonstrate the range and scope of state initiatives being used to deal with the opioid crisis in the United States. METHODS: State alcohol and drug agency directors and designated senior agency managers responded to the questionnaire, which asked respondents about recent opioid-related state-level public health initiatives at their agencies...
January 1, 2017: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149064/effect-of-a-12-week-yoga-therapy-program-on-mental-health-status-in-elderly-women-inmates-of-a-hospice
#9
Meena Ramanathan, Ananda Balayogi Bhavanani, Madanmohan Trakroo
AIM AND OBJECTIVES: This study was undertaken to evaluate the effectiveness of yoga on the mental health status of elderly women inmates residing in a hospice in Puducherry. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty elderly women were randomly divided into yoga and wait-listed control group. A yoga therapy program of 60 min was given twice a week for 12 weeks. This protocol was specially designed for senior citizens, keeping in mind their health status and physical limitations that included simple warm-up and breath-body movement coordination practices (jathis and kriyas), static stretching postures (asanas), breathing techniques (pranayamas), and relaxation...
January 2017: International Journal of Yoga
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28147454/school-and-parent-factors-associated-with-steroid-use-among-adolescents
#10
Rebecca L Elkins, Keith King, Laura Nabors, Rebecca Vidourek
BACKGROUND: Steroid use among adolescents is an increasing health concern. Literature examining factors related to steroid use is limited. METHODS: We investigated steroid use among 9th through 12th grade adolescents in the Greater Cincinnati area. A total of 38,414 adolescents completed the PRIDE Questionnaire. Associations between demographics, school factors, parent factors, sport participation, and steroid use were examined. RESULTS: A total of 2...
March 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130955/implementation-of-behavioural-supports-ontario-bso-an-evaluation-of-three-models-of-care
#11
Michelle Grouchy, Nancy Cooper, Tommy Wong
Behavioural Supports Ontario (BSO) was launched to enhance the healthcare services for Ontario's seniors, their caregivers and families living and coping with responsive behaviours associated with dementia and other neurological conditions. The implementation of the program varied across and within the local health integration networks (LHINs). By 2015, there were three BSO models operating within the long-term care (LTC) home sector: in-home BSO teams, a mobile team that serves multiple LTC homes within a sub-area of a LHIN and a LHIN-wide mobile team that provides services to all homes...
2017: Healthcare Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122550/developing-medical-education-capacity-in-russia-twenty-years-of-experience
#12
Bulat A Ziganshin, Mitra Sadigh, Liliya M Yausheva, Anna P Ziganshina, Arseniy A Pichugin, Alexey S Sozinov, Nail Kh Amirov, Asghar Rastegar, Ayrat U Ziganshin, Majid Sadigh
BACKGROUND: The partnership between Yale University (USA) and Kazan State Medical University (KSMU, Russia) was established in 1996 and transitioned to Western Connecticut Health Network (WCHN)/University of Vermont Robert Larner, M.D. College of Medicine (USA) in 2012 with the goal of modernizing medical education at KSMU primarily through introduction of the American medical education structure, role modeling, and educational capacity building. It was centered on the formation of a select group of Russian junior faculty members familiar with American medical education who would then initiate a gradual change in medical education at KSMU...
January 25, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118476/blending-simulation-based-learning-and-interpretative-pedagogy-for-undergraduate-leadership-competency-development
#13
Charmaine McPherson, Cathy MacDonald
BACKGROUND: Effective leadership is an essential component guiding nursing activity and influencing health systems, health workers, and patient outcomes. Despite this evidence, undergraduate nursing programs may not be adequately preparing graduates to effectively engage in leadership practice. METHOD: This article describes an educational innovation designed to support prelicensure leadership competency development. The authors blended simulation-based learning (SBL) with an interpretative pedagogical frame in a senior nursing leadership course at a primarily undergraduate university...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Nursing Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103184/using-the-centers-for-disease-control-and-prevention-s-stay-independent-checklist-to-engage-a-community-of-american-indians-and-raise-awareness-about-risk-of-falls-2016
#14
Janet Popp, Debra L Waters, Karen Leekity, Donica Ghahate, Jeanette Bobelu, Ross Tsikewa, Carla J Herman, Vallabh Shah
BACKGROUND: The unintentional death rate from falls is higher among American Indians from the US Southwest than from other regions in the country. The Zuni Pueblo is a geographically isolated, rural American Indian community located in western New Mexico. Education and screening for falls risk is lacking in this community and may be needed to reduce falls and falls-related illness and death. COMMUNITY CONTEXT: Building on a 17-year relationship with the Zuni Health Initiative, meetings were held with Zuni tribal leadership, staff from the Zuni Senior Center and Zuni Home Health Services, members of the Zuni Comprehensive Community Health Center, Indian Health Service, and Zuni community health representatives (CHRs) to discuss elder falls in the community...
January 19, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102993/status-report-the-public-health-and-planning-101-project-strengthening-collaborations-between-the-public-health-and-planning-professions
#15
A Mahendra, T Vo, C Einstoss, J Weppler, P Gillen, L Ryan, K Haley
INTRODUCTION: Land use planning is a complex field comprised of legislation, policies, processes and tools. A growing body of evidence supports the relationship between land use planning decisions, community design and health. The built environment has been shown to be associated with physical inactivity, obesity, cardiovascular disease, respiratory disease and mental illness. Consequently, there is a growing interest within public health to work with planners on land use planning initiatives such as official plans and transportation master plans...
January 2017: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095099/efficacy-of-an-exercise-and-nutritional-supplement-program-on-physical-performance-and-nutritional-status-in-older-adults-with-mobility-limitations-residing-at-senior-living-facilities
#16
Michael P Corcoran, Miriam E Nelson, Jennifer M Sacheck, Kieran F Reid, Dylan Kirn, Roger A Fielding, Kenneth K H Chui, Sara C Folta
This cluster-randomized trial was designed to determine the efficacy of a 6-month exercise-nutritional supplement program (ENP) on physical function and nutritional status for older adults and the feasibility of implementing this program in a senior living setting. Twenty senior living facilities were randomized to either a three day per week group-based ENP led by a trained facility staff member or a health education program (SAP). Participants (N=121) completed a short physical performance battery, 400 meter walk, handgrip strength test, and mini-nutrition assessment...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090397/insights-about-fall-prevention-of-older-adults-in-the-state-of-hawai-i
#17
Yuka Yamazaki, Cullen T Hayashida, Valerie Yontz
The senior population in Hawai'i is growing at a dramatic pace. In the older population, falls and fall-related injuries are leading causes of morbidity and mortality. Moreover, the health care costs for falls are very high. The State of Hawai'i has taken measures to prevent falls through the promotion of medication reviews, vision checks, home assessments, and exercise. However, current published examinations of fall preventive measures have been insufficient, and more research is needed to confirm risk factors, effectiveness of preventive measures, and to explore future objectives...
January 2017: Hawai'i Journal of Medicine & Public Health: a Journal of Asia Pacific Medicine & Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081064/using-national-inpatient-death-rates-as-a-benchmark-to-identify-hospitals-with-inaccurate-cause-of-death-reporting-missouri-2009-2012
#18
Jennifer Lloyd, Ehsan Jahanpour, Brian Angell, Craig Ward, Andy Hunter, Cherri Baysinger, George Turabelidze
Reporting causes of death accurately is essential to public health and hospital-based programs; however, some U.S. studies have identified substantial inaccuracies in cause of death reporting. Using CDC's national inpatient hospital death rates as a benchmark, the Missouri Department of Health and Senior Services (DHSS) analyzed inpatient death rates reported by hospitals with high inpatient death rates in St. Louis and Kansas City metro areas. Among the selected hospitals with high inpatient death rates, 45...
January 13, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071266/biogen-s-portfolio-and-research-efforts-in-multiple-sclerosis-an-interview-with-dr-ralph-kern
#19
Ralph Kern
Ralph Kern speaks to Laura Dormer, Commissioning Editor: Dr Ralph Kern is Senior Vice President and Head of Worldwide Medical at Biogen in Cambridge, MA, USA. In this role, he oversees Biogen's global therapeutic, regional and country medical teams, global medical operations, as well as medical research and scientific communications functions. Prior to joining Biogen, he was head of the Neuroscience Medical Unit at Novartis Pharmaceuticals Corporation and held various medical and commercial leadership roles at Genzyme Corporation...
February 2017: Neurodegenerative Disease Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060237/a-comparison-of-matched-and-unmatched-orthopaedic-surgery-residency-applicants-from-2006-to-2014-data-from-the-national-resident-matching-program
#20
John B Schrock, Matthew J Kraeutler, Michael R Dayton, Eric C McCarty
BACKGROUND: The Association of American Medical Colleges publishes residency match data and reports through the National Resident Matching Program (NRMP) every year. The purpose of this study was to analyze trends in orthopaedic surgery residency matching data and characteristics of successful applicants to counsel medical students with regard to their chances of matching. METHODS: The annual reports of the NRMP were searched annually from 2006 to 2014 to determine the number of orthopaedic surgery residency positions available, the number of applicants, and the match rate among applicants...
January 4, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
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