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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649899/managers-support-for-employee-wellness-programs-an-integrative-review
#1
Deborah G Passey, Meagan C Brown, Kristen Hammerback, Jeffrey R Harris, Peggy A Hannon
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this integrative literature review is to synthesize the existing evidence regarding managers' support for employee wellness programs. DATA SOURCE: The search utilized multiple electronic databases and libraries. STUDY INCLUSION AND EXCLUSION CRITERIA: Inclusion criteria comprised peer-reviewed research published in English, between 1990 and 2016, and examining managers' support in the context of a worksite intervention...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29648963/organizing-seniors-to-protect-the-health-safety-net-the-way-forward
#2
Leena Sharma, Carol Regan, Katherine S Villers
Over the past century, the organized voice of seniors has been critical in building the U.S. health safety net. Since the 2016 election, that safety net, particularly the Medicaid program, is in jeopardy. As we have seen with the rise of the Tea Party, senior support for healthcare programs-even programs that they use in large numbers-cannot and should not be taken for granted. This article provides a brief history of senior advocacy and an overview of the current senior organizing landscape. It also identifies opportunities for building the transformational organizing of low-income seniors needed to defend against sustained attacks on critical programs...
April 12, 2018: Journal of Aging & Social Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624132/collaboration-in-a-competitive-healthcare-system-negotiation-101-for-clinicians
#3
Robyn Clay-Williams, Andrew Johnson, Paul Lane, Zhicheng Li, Lauren Camilleri, Teresa Winata, Michael Klug
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to evaluate the effectiveness of negotiation training delivered to senior clinicians, managers and executives, by exploring whether staff members implemented negotiation skills in their workplace following the training, and if so, how and when. Design/methodology/approach This is a qualitative study involving face-to-face interviews with 18 senior clinicians, managers and executives who completed a two-day intensive negotiation skills training course. Interviews were transcribed verbatim, and inductive interpretive analysis techniques were used to identify common themes...
April 9, 2018: Journal of Health Organization and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623571/introducing-students-of-color-to-health-sciences-research-an-evaluation-of-the-health-disparities-summer-internship-program
#4
Nicole A McLean, Marilyn Fraser, Nicole A Primus, Michael A Joseph
The goal of this analysis is to assess the effectiveness of a summer program designed to introduce high school students of color to health disparities research. A total of 73 students (69.9% Black, 68.5% female and 80.6% either junior/senior) participated in the 4-week Health Disparities Summer Internship Program (HDSIP) during the years 2012-2015. Students attended lectures covering topics such as health disparities, community-based participatory research (CBPR), immigrant health, and policy and advocacy. While working with community-based organizations, students gained hands-on experience related to issues discussed in class...
April 5, 2018: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619272/population-health-intervention-research-training-the-value-of-public-health-internships-and-mentorship
#5
REVIEW
Anne-Marie Hamelin, Gilles Paradis
Background: Better alignment between academia and public health practice and policies are critical to improve public health actions. Training of future researchers to address complex issues and to conduct transdisciplinary and collaborative research will help improve this alignment. In this paper, we describe the role of internship placements and mentorship for trainees' skills development in population health intervention research and the benefits of embedding research trainees within public health organizations...
2018: Public Health Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29615028/effect-of-a-resistance-and-balance-exercise-programme-for-women-with-osteoporosis-and-vertebral-fracture-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Brita Stanghelle, Hege Bentzen, Lora Giangregorio, Are Hugo Pripp, Astrid Bergland
BACKGROUND: Osteoporotic vertebral fractures are common, and are associated with reduced functioning and health related quality of life. The primary aims of this randomized controlled trial are to examine the immediate and long-term effects of a 12-weeks supervised group exercise programme on habitual walking speed in older women with osteoporosis and a history of vertebral fracture. The secondary aims are to examine the immediate and long-term effects of the exercise program on physical fitness, fear of falling and quality of life...
April 3, 2018: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609242/-constituent-and-workload-of-service-providers-engaged-in-cancer-screening-findings-and-suggestions-from-a-multi-center-survey-in-china
#7
Z X Sun, J F Shi, L Lan, A Y Mao, H Y Huang, H K Lei, W Q Qiu, P Dong, J Zhu, D B Wang, G X Liu, Y N Bai, X J Sun, X Z Liao, J S Ren, L W Guo, Q Zhou, L Yang, B B Song, L B Du, L Zhu, J Y Gong, Y Q Liu, Y Ren, L Mai, M F Qin, Y Z Zhang, J Y Zhou, X H Sun, S L Wu, X Qi, P A Lou, B Cai, K Zhang, J He, M Dai
Objective: To understand the constituent and workload of service providers engaged in cancer screening in China and provide evidence for the assessment of the sustainability of national cancer screening project. Methods: Using either questionnaire or online approach, the survey was conducted in 16 provinces, where Cancer Screening Program in Urban China (CanSPUC) was conducted, from 2014 to 2015. The medical institutes surveyed included hospitals [71.1% were class Ⅲ(A) hospitals], centers for disease control and prevention (CDCs) and community centers where cancer screening was undertaken during 2013-2015...
March 10, 2018: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29608340/the-impact-of-exercise-on-depressive-symptoms-in-older-hispanic-latino-adults-results-from-the-%C3%A2-caminemos-study
#8
Rosalba Hernandez, Flavia Cristina Drumond Andrade, Lissette M Piedra, Karen M Tabb, Shuo Xu, Catherine Sarkisian
OBJECTIVES: We examined the prospective effects of an evidence-based exercise intervention on depressive symptoms in older Hispanics/Latinos and the potential synergistic effects (if any) of an attribution-retraining component to counter negative ascriptions to the aging process. METHOD: We analyzed baseline, 1-, 12-, 24-month data collected from Hispanics/Latinos ≥ 60 years participating in an exercise intervention ("¡Caminemos!") across 27 senior centers (N = 572)...
April 2, 2018: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29587721/older-adults-readiness-to-engage-with-ehealth-patient-education-and-self-care-resources-a-cross-sectional-survey
#9
Nancy P Gordon, Mark C Hornbrook
BACKGROUND: This study examined access to digital technologies, skills and experience, and preferences for using web-based and other digital technologies to obtain health information and advice among older adults in a large health plan. A primary aim was to assess the extent to which digital divides by race/ethnicity and age group might affect the ability of a large percentage of seniors, and especially those in vulnerable groups, to engage with online health information and advice modalities (eHIA) and mobile health (mHealth) monitoring tools...
March 27, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29570923/cultural-factors-influencing-japanese-nurses-assertive-communication-part-2-hierarchy-and-power
#10
Mieko Omura, Teresa E Stone, Tracy Levett-Jones
Hierarchy and power characterize health-care relationships around the world, constituting a barrier to assertive communication and a risk to patient safety. This issue is more problematic and complex in countries such as Japan, where deep-seated cultural values related to hierarchy and power persist. The current paper is the second of two that present the findings from a study exploring Japanese nurses' views and experiences of how cultural values impact assertive communication for health-care professionals...
March 23, 2018: Nursing & Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29569517/discrepancies-between-crystallized-and-fluid-ability-are-associated-with-frequency-of-social-and-physical-engagement-in-community-dwelling-older-adults
#11
Deirdre M O'Shea, Robert Fieo, Adam Woods, John Williamson, Eric Porges, Ron Cohen
OBJECTIVE: Age differences have been noted in the discrepancies between crystallized and fluid ability (Gc-Gf). Larger Gc-Gf discrepancies have also been shown to be associated with Alzheimer's disease biomarkers and clinical severity. However, little is known regarding the relationship between Gc-Gf discrepancies in normal aging and functional outcomes. The aim of the present study was to examine this. METHOD: Data from 104 adults (Mage  = 71.70 years, SD = 9...
March 23, 2018: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29545684/association-between-knee-extensor-strength-and-pulmonary-function-in-the-female-elderly
#12
Jaeseok Lee, Dongwook Han
[Purpose] The purpose of this study is to study the impact of knee extensor strength, which is an index of the degree of physical activity on lung capacity in older women. [Subjects and Methods] Thirty-three older women who participated in the exercise program hosted by a senior citizen center and S University located in Busan. Force vital capacity (FVC) was measured with digital spirometry (Pony FX, COSMED Inc., Italy). Three rounds of measurements were taken for each participant, with one-minute rests between the tests...
February 2018: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29543517/loneliness-and-social-isolation-among-older-adults-in-a-community-exercise-program-a-qualitative-study
#13
Jiyoung Hwang, Lisa Wang, Jodi Siever, Talia Del Medico, Charlotte A Jones
OBJECTIVES: Loneliness and social isolation (L&SI) are associated with physical and cognitive decline in older adults. Walk 'n' Talk for your Life (WTL) is a community-based program of socialization, health education, falls prevention exercise and walking for community-dwelling older adults. This qualitative study was done to gain further insight into the experience and impacts of the WTL on seniors' L&SI. METHODS: One-on-one semi-structured interviews were conducted with sixteen participants who had completed the WTL ...
March 15, 2018: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29537618/outdoor-physical-activity-for-older-people-the-senior-exercise-park-current-research-challenges-and-future-directions
#14
Pazit Levinger, Myrla Sales, Remco Polman, Terry Haines, Briony Dow, Stuart Biddle, Gustavo Duque, Keith D Hill
ISSUE ADDRESSED: Exercising outdoors provide beneficial effect on mental and physical health for all ages. However, few older people exercise outdoors other than walking. While outdoor gyms have become increasingly common in Australia, limited outdoor exercise equipment specifically designed for older people is available in public spaces. We have set up and evaluated a unique purpose-built outdoor exercise park for older people in the community setting, and demonstrated positive physical and well-being outcomes associated with the provision of this unique exercise mode and social program...
March 14, 2018: Health Promotion Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29532139/the-impact-of-the-implementation-of-the-enhanced-recovery-after-surgery-eras-%C3%A2-program-in-an-entire-health-system-a-natural-experiment-in-alberta-canada
#15
Zaina AlBalawi, Leah Gramlich, Gregg Nelson, Peter Senior, Erik Youngson, Finlay A McAlister
BACKGROUND: The Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS) program has been shown to reduce length of stay (LOS) in colorectal surgical patients in randomized trials. The impact outside of trial settings, or in subgroups of patients excluded from trials such as individuals with diabetes, is uncertain. We conducted this study to evaluate the impact of ERAS implementation in Alberta, Canada. METHODS: This is a retrospective cohort study and interrupted time series analysis using linked administrative data to examine LOS and postoperative outcomes in the 12 months pre- and post-implementation of ERAS in 2013 for all adults undergoing elective colorectal surgery...
March 12, 2018: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29518671/impact-of-group-singing-on-older-adult-health-in-senior-living-communities-a-pilot-study
#16
Musetta C Fu, Basia Belza, Huong Nguyen, Rebecca Logsdon, Steven Demorest
PURPOSE: Participating in a group-singing program may be beneficial to healthy aging through engaging in active music-making activities and breathing exercises. The purpose of this study was to assess the feasibility, acceptability, and impact of a 12-week group singing program on cognitive function, lung health and quality of life (QoL) of older adults. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A pre and post-test quasi-experimental design evaluated the impact of a group-singing program on older adult health...
February 23, 2018: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29515458/exercise-arterial-crosstalk-modulation-and-inflammation-in-an-aging-population-the-examin-age-study
#17
Lukas Streese, Arne Deiseroth, Juliane Schäfer, Arno Schmidt-Trucksäss, Henner Hanssen
Background: Age is a key determinant for the development of cardiovascular disease and higher age coincides with an increased prevalence of obesity and physical inactivity. The study examines the influence of physical activity on aging processes of physiological systems focusing on the mechanisms of vascular aging. Methods/Design: The study consists of two parts. The cross-sectional approach aims at examining the association of physical fitness and cardiovascular risk with large and small artery function in healthy older active (HOA, n = 40) and sedentary (HOS, n = 40) persons as well as older sedentary individuals with increased cardiovascular risk (OSR, n = 80) aged 50-80 years...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29512042/functional-status-improves-in-hypertensive-older-adults-the-long-term-effects-of-antihypertensive-therapy-combined-with-multicomponent-exercise-intervention
#18
Liliana C Baptista, André Pinto Amorim, João Valente-Dos-Santos, Aristides M Machado-Rodrigues, Manuel Teixeira Veríssimo, Raul A Martins
BACKGROUND: The increasing prevalence of functionally-limited hypertensive individuals highlights the need for interventions to reduce the burden of hypertension-aging-disability and to maximize the chances of healthy aging. AIM: This study aims to compare the effects of multicomponent exercise and different pharmacological treatments on functional status and cardiovascular risk outcomes in hypertensive older adults with comorbidities. METHODS: Participants (n = 96) engage in a 3 days/week multicomponent (aerobic + resistance) exercise program and for one of the following three conditions: (1) thiazide-related diuretics (TDs; n = 33, 69...
March 6, 2018: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29510453/addressing-social-influences-reduces-antibiotic-duration-in-complicated-abdominal-infection-a-mixed-methods-study
#19
Jennifer Broom, Chin Li Tee, Alex Broom, Mark D Kelly, Tahira Scott, David A Grieve
BACKGROUND: Antimicrobial therapy for intra-abdominal infections is often inappropriately prolonged. An intervention addressing factors influencing the duration of intravenous antibiotic use was undertaken. This study reports the antibiotic prescribing patterns before and after the intervention and a qualitative analysis of the experience of the intervention. METHODS: Quantitative: A retrospective audit of patients with complicated intra-abdominal infection before and after a multifaceted persuasive intervention was performed...
March 6, 2018: ANZ Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29507260/trial-implementation-of-a-telerehabilitation-exercise-system-in-residential-aged-care
#20
Marie Hutchinson, Neil Wendt, Stuart Trevor Smith
The 2011 Productivity Commission report, Caring for Older Australians, observed that as the number of older Australians rises and the demand for aged care services increases, there will be a commensurate increase in demand for a well-trained aged care workforce. One of the significant issues impacting upon the ability of the aged services sector to respond to a growing number of older adults is to attract and retain sufficient numbers of staff. A number of factors are acknowledged to contribute to a failure of the aged care sector to attract and retain workers including: poor sector reputation, poor working conditions, including high client-staff ratios, a lack of career paths and professional development opportunities and low rates of remuneration...
2018: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
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