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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441194/leadership-and-capacity-building-in-international-chiropractic-research-introducing-the-chiropractic-academy-for-research-leadership-carl
#1
EDITORIAL
Jon Adams, Greg Kawchuk, Alexander Breen, Diana De Carvalho, Andreas Eklund, Matthew Fernandez, Martha Funabashi, Michelle M Holmes, Melker S Johansson, Katie de Luca, Craig Moore, Isabelle Pagé, Katherine A Pohlman, Michael S Swain, Arnold Y L Wong, Jan Hartvigsen
In an evidence-based health care environment, healthcare professions require a sustainable research culture to remain relevant. At present however, there is not a mature research culture across the chiropractic profession largely due to deficiencies in research capacity and leadership, which may be caused by a lack of chiropractic teaching programs in major universities. As a response to this challenge the Chiropractic Academy for Research Leadership, CARL, was created with the aim of develop a global network of successful early-career chiropractic researchers under the mentorship of three successful senior academics from Australia, Canada, and Denmark...
2018: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29387453/advancing-care-for-family-caregivers-of-persons-with-dementia-through-caregiver-and-community-partnerships
#2
Carole L White, Kristen J Overbaugh, Carolyn E Z Pickering, Bridgett Piernik-Yoder, Debbie James, Darpan I Patel, Frank Puga, Lark Ford, James Cleveland
Background: There are currently 15 million Americans who provide over 80% of the care required by their family members with Alzheimer's disease and other dementias. Yet care for caregivers continues to be fragmented and few evidence-based interventions have been translated into routine clinical care and therefore remain inaccessible to most family caregivers. To address this gap, the Caring for the Caregiver program is being developed at UT Health San Antonio, School of Nursing to improve support services and health outcomes for family caregivers...
2018: Research Involvement and Engagement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29361070/nonphysician-care-providers-can-help-to-increase-detection-of-cognitive-impairment-and-encourage-diagnostic-evaluation-for-dementia-in-community-and-residential-care-settings
#3
Katie Maslow, Richard H Fortinsky
In the United States, at least half of older adults living with dementia do not have a diagnosis. Their cognitive impairment may not have been detected, and some older adults whose physician recommends that they obtain a diagnostic evaluation do not follow through on the recommendation. Initiatives to increase detection of cognitive impairment and diagnosis of dementia have focused primarily on physician practices and public information programs to raise awareness about the importance of detection and diagnosis...
January 18, 2018: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29357876/training-scholars-in-dissemination-and-implementation-research-for-cancer-prevention-and-control-a-mentored-approach
#4
Margaret Padek, Nageen Mir, Rebekah R Jacob, David A Chambers, Maureen Dobbins, Karen M Emmons, Jon Kerner, Shiriki Kumanyika, Christine Pfund, Enola K Proctor, Kurt C Stange, Ross C Brownson
BACKGROUND: As the field of D&I (dissemination and implementation) science grows to meet the need for more effective and timely applications of research findings in routine practice, the demand for formalized training programs has increased concurrently. The Mentored Training for Dissemination and Implementation Research in Cancer (MT-DIRC) Program aims to build capacity in the cancer control D&I research workforce, especially among early career researchers. This paper outlines the various components of the program and reports results of systematic evaluations to ascertain its effectiveness...
January 22, 2018: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29355070/engaging-the-underrepresented-sex-male-participation-in-chronic-disease-self-management-education-cdsme-programs
#5
Matthew Lee Smith, Caroline D Bergeron, SangNam Ahn, Samuel D Towne, Chivon A Mingo, Kayin T Robinson, Jamarcus Mathis, Lu Meng, Marcia G Ory
Females are more likely than males to participate in evidence-based health promotion and disease prevention programs targeted for middle-aged and older adults. Despite the availability and benefits of Stanford's Chronic Disease Self-Management Education (CDSME) programs, male participation remains low. This study identifies personal characteristics of males who attended CDSME program workshops and identifies factors associated with successful intervention completion. Data were analyzed from 45,375 male CDSME program participants nationwide...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29348994/the-association-of-mediterranean-diet-and-exercise-modifications-with-anthropometric-parameters-in-a-psychiatric-community-population-a-pilot-study
#6
Rosaria Di Lorenzo, Jessica Pedretti, Letizia Grossi, Benedetta Cuoghi, Cinzia Varni, Giulia Landi, Ludovica Spattini, Chiara Visentini, Paola Ferri, Francesca Carubbi
Weight gain and related metabolic syndrome (MS) are major current issues in public health. MS consists of abdominal fat, atherogenic dyslipidemia, hypertension, hyperglycemia, insulin resistance, pro-inflammatory and pro-thrombotic state, and accounts for both cardiovascular diseases and type II diabetes mellitus risk factors. Patients affected by psychiatric illness present a prevalence of 35-40% of MS. Many studies have shown that Mediterranean diet is associated with the reduction of mortality due to cardiovascular and malignant diseases, potentially preventing both obesity and type II diabetes mellitus...
March 2018: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344454/critical-review-of-family-health-advisory-services-assessment-in-mbbs-training-program-in-community-medicine
#7
Kiran Goswami, H Salve, S Malhotra, Y Kumar
Context: Family Health Advisory Services (FHAS) posting as well as its assessment is resource demanding but fails to enjoy priority. Study focuses on a holistic overview of the assessment process to understand need for change. Aims: The aim of this study is to identify perceived gaps in current assessment practices related to FHAS posting. Settings and Design: A cross-sectional mixed method study among all the V semester students currently undergoing assessment for the posting, past students (selected VII semester students and interns), preceptors (supervising residents - postgraduate students in department and senior resident, health assistants, medical social service officer), and involved faculty...
December 2017: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344083/psychosocial-problems-in-traumatized-refugee-families-overview-of-risks-and-some-recommendations-for-support-services
#8
EDITORIAL
J M Fegert, C Diehl, B Leyendecker, K Hahlweg, V Prayon-Blum
This article is an abridged version of a report by an advisory council to the German government on the psychosocial problems facing refugee families from war zones who have settled in Germany. It omits the detailed information contained in the report about matters that are specific to the German health system and asylum laws, and includes just those insights and strategies that may be applicable to assisting refugees in other host countries as well. The focus is on understanding the developmental risks faced by refugee children when they or family members are suffering from trauma-related psychological disorders, and on identifying measures that can be taken to address these risks...
2018: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332302/preoperative-cognitive-impairment-as-a-predictor-of-postoperative-outcomes-in-a-collaborative-care-model
#9
Kahli Zietlow, Shelley R McDonald, Richard Sloane, Jeffrey Browndyke, Sandhya Lagoo-Deenadayalan, Mitchell T Heflin
OBJECTIVES: To compare postoperative outcomes of individuals with and without cognitive impairment enrolled in the Perioperative Optimization of Senior Health (POSH) program at Duke University, a comanagement model involving surgery, anesthesia, and geriatrics. DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of individuals enrolled in a quality improvement program. SETTING: Tertiary academic center. PARTICIPANTS: Older adults undergoing surgery and referred to POSH (N = 157)...
January 13, 2018: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323832/influences-of-a-church-based-intervention-on-falls-risk-among-seniors
#10
Morgan Briggs, Jeffrey A Morzinski, Julie Ellis
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Prior studies illustrate that community-based programs effectively decrease falls risk in older adults and that faith-based programs improve health behaviors. The literature is unclear whether faith-based initiatives reduce seniors' fall risks. To tackle this gap, a long-term partnership led by 10 urban churches, a nearby nursing school, and a medical school developed a study with 3 objectives: determine baseline health concerns associated with falls (eg, depression, polypharmacy), implement a nurse-led, faith-based health education initiative for community-dwelling African American seniors at-risk of hospitalization, and assess pre- to post -program fall frequency...
August 2017: WMJ: Official Publication of the State Medical Society of Wisconsin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317368/interdisciplinary-care-model-independently-decreases-use-of-critical-care-services-after-corrective-surgery-for-adult-degenerative-scoliosis
#11
Owoicho Adogwa, Aladine A Elsamadicy, Amanda R Sergesketter, Michael Ongele, Victoria Vuong, Syed Khalid, Jessica Moreno, Joseph Cheng, Isaac O Karikari, Carlos A Bagley
OBJECTIVE: Interdisciplinary management of elderly patients requiring spine surgery has been shown to improve short and long-term outcomes. The aim of this study is to determine whether an interdisciplinary team approach mitigates use of intensive care unit (ICU) resources. METHODS: A unique co-management model for elderly patients undergoing lumbar fusion surgery was implemented at a major academic medical center. The Peri-operative Optimization of Senior Health Program(POSH) was launched with the aim of improving outcomes in elderly patients(>65-years-old) undergoing complex lumbar spine surgery...
January 6, 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316884/sharp-injuries-a-cross-sectional-study-among-health-care-workers-in-a-provincial-teaching-hospital-in-china
#12
Zhuo Cui, Jingrui Zhu, Xiangjun Zhang, Bairu Wang, Xiaojun Li
BACKGROUND: The objectives of this study are to investigate the incidence and reporting behavior of sharp injuries among healthcare workers (HCWs) and identify the risk factors associated with these injuries. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted in February 2017 in a provincial teaching hospital in China. Data were collected from 901 HCWs using a self-administered questionnaire which included demographic information, experience, and reporting behavior of sharp injuries...
January 10, 2018: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315278/a-qualitative-study-of-hr-ohs-stress-interventions-in-australian-universities
#13
Silvia Pignata, Anthony H Winefield, Carolyn M Boyd, Chris Provis
To enhance the understanding of psychosocial factors and extend research on work stress interventions, we investigated the key human resource (HR)/occupational health and safety (OHS) stress interventions implemented at five Australian universities over a three-year period. Five senior HR Directors completed an online survey to identify the intervention strategies taken at their university in order to reduce stress and enhance employee well-being and morale. We also explored the types of individual-, organization-, and individual/organization-directed interventions that were implemented, and the strategies that were prioritized at each university...
January 9, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314188/-seniors-only-want-respect-designing-an-oral-health-program-for-older-adults
#14
Ivette Estrada, Carol Kunzel, Eric W Schrimshaw, Ariel P Greenblatt, Sara S Metcalf, Mary E Northridge
AIM: Persistent socioeconomic disparities in the oral disease burden contribute to pain and suffering among vulnerable and underserved populations who face systemic barriers to access oral health care, including older adults living in disadvantaged urban neighborhoods. The aim of this study is to gain the views of racial/ethnic minority older adults regarding what they believe would support them and their peers in visiting the dentist regularly. METHODS AND RESULTS: Focus groups were conducted and digitally audio-recorded from 2013 to 2015 with 194 racial/ethnic minority women and men aged 50 years and older living in northern Manhattan who participated in one of 24 focus group sessions about improving oral health for older adults...
January 4, 2018: Special Care in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302091/engaging-pharmacy-students-in-research-through-near-peer-training
#15
Benjamin J Lee, Nathaniel J Rhodes, Marc H Scheetz, Milena M McLaughlin
Objective. To describe the implementation of a near-peer training model within a student research program. Methods. A near-peer training model was implemented in a pharmacy student research program to promote development of effective teaching skills and research competencies. Under the supervision of a research mentor, senior learners precepted junior learners in various aspects of translational research. A three-step teaching process was employed throughout the experience in which junior learners performed an assigned task, senior learners provided guidance and mentorship, and research mentors provided feedback for improvement...
November 2017: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301440/advancing-the-understanding-of-progression-in-multiple-sclerosis-an-interview-with-shibeshih-belachew
#16
Shibeshih Belachew
Shibeshih Belachew speaks to Laura Dormer, Commissioning Editor: Dr Shibeshih Belachew, MD, PhD, is a Senior Medical Director for Multiple Sclerosis (MS) Disease Area in Global Product Development Medical Affairs at Roche (Basel, Switzerland). Prior to joining Roche in January 2016, he was Director of MS Franchise and Head of Medical Director's office for Biogen Region Europe and Canada. Previously at Biogen he also served as a Director in Global Neurology for the natalizumab program in Cambridge (MA, USA)...
January 5, 2018: Neurodegenerative Disease Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297593/adaptation-of-nussbaum-s-capabilities-framework-to-community-mental-health-a-consumer-based-capabilities-measure
#17
Beatrice Sacchetto, José Ornelas, Maria Manuela Calheiros, Marybeth Shinn
The capabilities approach provides a rich evaluative framework to guide transformative change in the community mental health system. This study reports the content and construct validity and psychometric properties of a contextualized measure of the extent to which mental health programs foster achieved capabilities. The Achieved Capabilities Questionnaire for Community Mental Health (ACQ-CMH), adapted from Nussbaum's capabilities framework, was developed previously with consumer collaboration. Content validity was assessed through a collaborative process, involving a panel of eight consumers, staff members, and senior researchers...
January 3, 2018: American Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297405/research-capacity-building-integrated-into-phit-projects-leveraging-research-and-research-funding-to-build-national-capacity
#18
Bethany L Hedt-Gauthier, Roma Chilengi, Elizabeth Jackson, Cathy Michel, Manuel Napua, Jackline Odhiambo, Ayaga Bawah
BACKGROUND: Inadequate research capacity impedes the development of evidence-based health programming in sub-Saharan Africa. However, funding for research capacity building (RCB) is often insufficient and restricted, limiting institutions' ability to address current RCB needs. The Doris Duke Charitable Foundation's African Health Initiative (AHI) funded Population Health Implementation and Training (PHIT) partnership projects in five African countries (Ghana, Mozambique, Rwanda, Tanzania and Zambia) to implement health systems strengthening initiatives inclusive of RCB...
December 21, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285849/failure-mode-and-effect-analysis-fmea-may-enhance-implementation-of-clinical-practice-guidelines-an-experience-from-the-middle-east
#19
Amir Babiker, Yasser S Amer, Mohamed E Osman, Ayman Al-Eyadhy, Solafa Fatani, Sarar Mohamed, Abdulrahman Alnemri, Maher A Titi, Farheen Shaikh, Khalid A Alswat, Hayfaa A Wahabi, Lubna A Al-Ansary
RATIONALE, AIMS, AND OBJECTIVES: Implementation of clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) has been shown to reduce variation in practice and improve health care quality and patients' safety. There is a limited experience of CPG implementation (CPGI) in the Middle East. The CPG program in our institution was launched in 2009. The Quality Management department conducted a Failure Mode and Effect Analysis (FMEA) for further improvement of CPGI. METHODS: This is a prospective study of a qualitative/quantitative design...
December 29, 2017: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29274639/the-changing-roles-of-community-nurses-the-case-of-health-plan-nurses-in-israel
#20
Rachel Nissanholtz-Gannot, Bruce Rosen, Miriam Hirschfeld
BACKGROUND: In Israel, approximately one-third of the country's nurses work in community settings - primarily as salaried employees in Israel's four non-profit health plans. Many health system leaders believe that the roles of health plan nurses have changed significantly in recent years due to a mix of universal developments (such as population aging and academization of the profession) and Israel-specific changes (such as the introduction of extensive quality monitoring in primary care)...
December 23, 2017: Israel Journal of Health Policy Research
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