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Senior health programs

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219002/relationship-between-personality-traits-generativity-and-life-satisfaction-in-individuals-attending-university-programs-for-seniors
#1
Ana Belen Navarro-Prados, Sara Serrate-Gonzalez, Jose-Manuel Muñoz-Rodríguez, Unai Díaz-Orueta
Personality traits of older adults and their contribution to life satisfaction and generative interest were assessed. A total of 342 older participants (66% women), mean age = 67.89 years old ( SD = 6.52, range = 55-84 years old), who attended the University of the Experience in Salamanca (Spain), were evaluated. Information on sociodemographic data, perceived health and activity, personality traits, generativity, and life satisfaction was collected using self-reported questionnaires. Results confirmed a relation between personality traits, life satisfaction, and generativity...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Aging & Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202736/peer-teacher-training-ptt-program-for-health-professional-students-interprofessional-and-flipped-learning
#2
Annette Burgess, Chris Roberts, Christie van Diggele, Craig Mellis
BACKGROUND: The need for developing healthcare professional students' peer teaching skills is widely acknowledged, and a number of discipline-based peer teacher training programs have been previously reported. However, a consensus on what a student peer teaching skills program across the health professions should entail, and the associated benefits and challenges, has not been previously described. The purpose of this study was to demonstrate the design and implementation of an interprofessional Peer Teacher Training (PTT) program, and explore outcomes and participant perceptions, using Experience-Based Learning (ExBL) theory...
December 4, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191182/what-systemic-factors-contribute-to-collaboration-between-primary-care-and-public-health-sectors-an-interpretive-descriptive-study
#3
Sabrina T Wong, Marjorie MacDonald, Ruth Martin-Misener, Donna Meagher-Stewart, Linda O'Mara, Ruta K Valaitis
BACKGROUND: Purposefully building stronger collaborations between primary care (PC) and public health (PH) is one approach to strengthening primary health care. The purpose of this paper is to report: 1) what systemic factors influence collaborations between PC and PH; and 2) how systemic factors interact and could influence collaboration. METHODS: This interpretive descriptive study used purposive and snowball sampling to recruit and conduct interviews with PC and PH key informants in British Columbia (n = 20), Ontario (n = 19), and Nova Scotia (n = 21), Canada...
December 1, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184838/magnifying-the-senescence-impact-of-oral-health-on-quality-of-life-and-daily-performance-in-geriatrics-a-cross-sectional-study
#4
Kuldeep Dhama, Priyanka Razdan, Lav Kumar Niraj, Irfan Ali, Basavaraj Patthi, Gagandeep Kundra
Objective: The objective of the study is to study the behavior of the GOHAI as well as the OIDPs as potent measures in oral health related to quality of life in senior citizens. Materials and Methods: An outreach program-based cross-sectional study conducted in Modinagar, Uttar Pradesh, India. A total of 340 study participants aged >60 years were selected from outreach program which were held between January 2017 and April 2017 based on inclusion and exclusion criterion...
October 2017: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29178949/valued-experiences-of-graduate-students-in-their-role-as-educators-in-undergraduate-training-in-ugandan-medical-schools
#5
Godfrey Zari Rukundo, Jannat Kasozi, Aluonzi Burani, Wycliff Byona, Claude Kirimuhuzya, Sarah Kiguli
BACKGROUND: In most medical schools, graduate students, sometimes referred to as graduate teaching assistants, often participate in the training of undergraduate students. In developing countries like Uganda, are typically involved in undergraduate training. However, prior to this study there were no standard guidelines for this involvement. At the same time, the views and experiences of the graduate students in their role as educators had not been documented. Therefore, the aim of this study was to explore the views and experiences of graduate students about their involvement in undergraduate training in three Ugandan medical schools...
November 25, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168884/transformation-of-a-geriatric-department-in-china
#6
Birong Dong, Jirong Yue, Li Cao, Ming Yang, Ning Ge, Hao Qiukui, Lujia He, Ying Wang, Joseph H Flaherty
China has the world's largest elderly population, and the oldest-old population, with a current disability rate greater than 50%, will triple in the next 35 years. The field of geriatrics is young, because almost all geriatric departments were established after 2000, and so faces many challenges. Management of diseases and hospital care is the focus. Senior physicians were trained in other subspecialties, such as pulmonary or cardiology, and junior physicians entered geriatrics departments as masters or doctorate students after medical school...
November 23, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149653/prevalence-of-internet-addiction-and-its-risk-and-protective-factors-in-a-representative-sample-of-senior-high-school-students-in-taiwan
#7
Min-Pei Lin, Jo Yung-Wei Wu, Jianing You, Wei-Hsuan Hu, Cheng-Fang Yen
The aim of this study investigated the prevalence of Internet addiction (IA) in a large representative sample of secondary school students and identified the risk and protective factors. Using a crosssectional design, 2170 participants were recruited from senior high schools throughout Taiwan using both stratified and cluster sampling. The prevalence of IA was 17.4% (95% confidence interval, 15.8%-19.0%). High impulsivity, low refusal self-efficacy of Internet use, high positive outcome expectancy of Internet use, high disapproving attitude of Internet use by others, depressive symptoms, low subjective well-being, high frequency of others' invitation to Internet use, and high virtual social support was all independently predictive in the logistic regression analysis...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148074/salutogenic-healthy-aging-programme-embracement-shape-for-senior-only-households-a-study-protocol
#8
Betsy Seah, Yanika Kowitlawakul, Srinivasan Chokkanathan, Jeane Jin Yi Fong, Geir Arild Espnes, Emily Ang, Wenru Wang
AIMS: To evaluate the effectiveness of a multi-dimensional community-based health promotion and risk prevention program, named Salutogenic Healthy Aging Program Embracement (SHAPE) for senior-only households in Singapore. BACKGROUND: In view of aging population and its significant impacts on economy, societal structure and policy-making, healthy aging emerges as an important concept in maintaining health through the engagement of health-promoting behaviour and risk-prevention actions in older people...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145745/recruitment-of-underrepresented-minority-researchers-into-hiv-prevention-research-the-hiv-prevention-trials-network-hptn-scholars-program
#9
Sten H Vermund, Erica L Hamilton, Sam Griffith, Larissa Jennings, Typhanye V Dyer, Kenneth H Mayer, Darrell P Wheeler
Most US investigators in the HIV Prevention Trials Network (HPTN) have been of majority race/ethnicity and sexual orientation. Research participants, in contrast, have been disproportionately from racial/ethnic minorities and men who have sex with men (MSM), reflecting the US epidemic. We initiated and subsequently evaluated the HPTN Scholars Program that mentors early career investigators from underrepresented minority groups. Scholars were affiliated with the HPTN for 12-18 months, mentored by a senior researcher to analyze HPTN study data...
November 16, 2017: AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122048/evaluation-of-patient-and-public-involvement-initiatives-in-health-technology-assessment-a-survey-of-international-agencies
#10
Laura Weeks, Julie Polisena, Anna Mae Scott, Anke-Peggy Holtorf, Sophie Staniszewska, Karen Facey
OBJECTIVES: Although there is increased awareness of patient and public involvement (PPI) among health technology assessment (HTA) organizations, evaluations of PPI initiatives are relatively scarce. Our objective as members of Health Technology Assessment International's (HTAi's) Patient and Citizen Involvement Group (PCIG) was to advance understanding of the range of evaluation strategies adopted by HTA organizations and their potential usefulness. METHODS: In March 2016, a survey was sent to fifty-four HTA organizations through the International Network of Agencies for Health Technology Assessment (INAHTA) and contacts of members of HTAi's PCIG...
November 10, 2017: International Journal of Technology Assessment in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119486/potentially-harmful-medication-use-and-decline-in-health-related-quality-of-life-among-community-dwelling-older-adults
#11
Kenya Ie, Eric Chou, Richard D Boyce, Steven M Albert
BACKGROUND: Several scales to quantify the impact of potentially harmful medications (PHMs) have been shown to predict mortality and functional decline; however, the effect of PHMs on quality of life (QoL) has not been well-studied. OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were to investigate an association between PHM use and change in health-related QoL among community-dwelling older adults, and to compare the predictive capacity of PHM scales. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study using prescription claims data and survey responses...
December 2017: Drugs—Real World Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118279/measuring-the-impact-of-cultural-competence-training-for-dental-hygiene-students
#12
Heather N Daugherty, Rachel C Kearney
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to measure the change in levels of knowledge of providing culturally competent care and self-assessed cultural competence of senior level dental hygiene students after the implementation of an online cultural competence training module.Methods: Twenty-eight members of the senior class of 31 dental hygiene students (N=28) volunteered to participate in this IRB approved study at the Ohio State University School of Dentistry. The students took the online Inventory for Assessing the Process of Cultural Competence- Student Version (IAPCC-SV), to assess their self-perceived cultural competence...
October 2017: Journal of Dental Hygiene: JDH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118047/interprofessional-development-and-implementation-of-a-pharmacist-professional-advancement-and-recognition-program
#13
David Hager, Eric Chmielewski, Andrea L Porter, Sarah Brzozowski, Steve S Rough, Philip J Trapskin
PURPOSE: The interprofessional development, implementation, and outcomes of a pharmacist professional advancement and recognition program (PARP) at an academic medical center are described. SUMMARY: Limitations of the legacy advancement program, in combination with low rates of employee engagement in peer recognition and professional development, at the UW Health department of pharmacy led to the creation of a task force comprising pharmacists from all practice areas to develop a new pharmacist PARP...
November 15, 2017: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106554/active-and-healthy-lifestyle-nationwide-programs-in-israeli-schools
#14
Sima Zach, Varda Inglis, Aviva Zeev, Michal Arnon, Yael Netz
The World Health Organization (WHO) announced the 'Global School Health Initiative' in 1995 following recommendations formulated in the Ottawa Charter for Health Promotion. Hence, the aims of the present study were to describe the various programs for nurturing an active and healthy lifestyle implemented during 2011-12 in schools in Israel, and to identify variables that may explain the success versus lack of success in implementing these programs. Participants were a nationwide representative sample of 126 school principals from six supervisory districts of the Ministry of Education, including six sectors, from the elementary, junior-high and senior-high school levels...
July 3, 2017: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105870/service-learning-partnerships-features-that-promote-transformational-and-sustainable-rural-and-remote-health-partnerships-and-services
#15
Debra Jones, Lindy McAllister, Robert Dyson, David Lyle
OBJECTIVE: To describe features that promote transformational and sustainable community engaged health partnerships and services in rural and remote Australian locations. DESIGN: A pragmatic qualitative study using focus groups and individual semi-structured interviews. Data were analysed using four stages of data comparison. SETTING: Far west New South Wales, Australia. The health partnership, initiated by primary school principals in 2008, aimed to address allied health service inequities experienced by regional children...
November 6, 2017: Australian Journal of Rural Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097960/activity-disengagement-understanding-challenges-and-opportunities-for-reengagement
#16
Krista Fox, Nancy Morrow-Howell, Stephanie Herbers, Paula Battista, Carolyn M Baum
Although maintaining engagement in activities has a positive influence on our health and wellbeing as we age, many programs that serve older adults struggle with getting participation in the programs they offer. This study sought to explore activity disengagement among older adults in a senior housing community and identify the challenges and opportunities for reengagement with the aim of informing future intervention development and testing. Fifty-one adults over the age of 60 participated in structured interviews...
2017: Occupational Therapy International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096710/putting-research-in-place-an-innovative-approach-to-providing-contextualized-evidence-synthesis-for-decision-makers
#17
Stephen Bornstein, Rochelle Baker, Pablo Navarro, Sarah Mackey, David Speed, Melissa Sullivan
BACKGROUND: The Contextualized Health Research Synthesis Program (CHRSP), developed in 2007 by the Newfoundland and Labrador Centre for Applied Health Research, produces contextualized knowledge syntheses for health-system decision makers. The program provides timely, relevant, and easy-to-understand scientific evidence; optimizes evidence uptake; and, most importantly, attunes research questions and evidence to the specific context in which knowledge users must apply the findings. METHODS: As an integrated knowledge translation (KT) method, CHRSP: Involves intensive partnerships with senior healthcare decision makers who propose priority research topics and participate on research teams; Considers local context both in framing the research question and in reporting the findings; Makes economical use of resources by utilizing a limited number of staff; Uses a combination of external and local experts; and Works quickly by synthesizing high-level systematic review evidence rather than primary studies...
November 2, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093140/-you-get-beautiful-teeth-down-there-racial-ethnic-minority-older-adults-perspectives-on-care-at-dental-school-clinics
#18
Mary E Northridge, Andrew B Schenkel, Shirley Birenz, Ivette Estrada, Sara S Metcalf, Mark S Wolff
To help eliminate reported racial/ethnic and socioeconomic inequities in oral health care, listening to the perspectives of racial/ethnic minority older adults on their experiences with dental school clinics is needed. The aim of this study was to examine the experiences of African American, Puerto Rican, and Dominican older adults who attend senior centers in upper Manhattan, New York City, regarding the care received at dental school clinics. Focus groups were conducted from 2013 to 2015 with 194 racial/ethnic minority men and women aged 50 years and older living in upper Manhattan...
November 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29091511/a-typology-of-factors-influencing-seniors-participation-in-strength-training-in-gyms-and-fitness-centers
#19
Simone Pettigrew, Elissa Burton, Kaela Farrier, Anne-Marie Hill, Liz Bainbridge, Gill Lewin, Phil Lewin, Keith Hill
Older people are less likely to engage in strength training than their younger counterparts, despite the substantial benefits of this form of exercise for preventing and addressing age-related physical decline. In many countries, strength training programs are available for older people, yet are undersubscribed. The aim of the present study was to identify the factors influencing older people's participation in strength training at gyms and fitness centers to provide insights into potentially effective recruitment and retention strategies for this population...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077518/moderating-effects-of-sexual-orientation-and-gender-characteristic-on-condom-use-intentions-among-boys-senior-high-school-students-in-taiwan-an-exploration-based-on-the-theory-of-planned-behavior
#20
Chien-Mu Cheng, Jiun-Hau Huang
This study examined condom use intentions among adolescent boys in relation to the constructs of the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB): attitude toward the behavior (ATB), subjective norm (SN), and perceived behavioral control (PBC). The potential moderating effects of sexual orientation and gender characteristic (masculine/feminine) were also explored. Anonymous survey data were collected from 929 students enrolled in a boys' senior high school in Taiwan (response rate: 89.9%). Multivariate logistic regression analyses found higher condom use intentions linked to more positive ATB (adjusted odds ratio [AOR] = 8...
October 27, 2017: Journal of Sex Research
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