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Senior health programs

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912156/health-benefits-of-aerobic-training-programs-in-adults-aged-70-and-over-a-systematic-review
#1
REVIEW
Walid Bouaziz, Thomas Vogel, Elise Schmitt, Georges Kaltenbach, Bernard Geny, Pierre Olivier Lang
Aging is intrinsically associated with a progressive decline in muscle strength and mass, and aerobic capacity. This contributes to reduced mobility and impaired quality of life (QoL) among seniors. Regular physical activity, and more particularly aerobic training (AT), has demonstrated benefits on adults' health. The aim of this review was to assess the current level of evidence regarding the health benefits of AT in the population aged 70 years and over. A comprehensive, systematic database search for manuscripts was performed...
October 31, 2016: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899681/performance-against-welcoa-s-worksite-health-promotion-benchmarks-across-years-among-selected-us-organizations
#2
GracieLee M Weaver, Brandon N Mendenhall, David Hunnicutt, Ryan Picarella, Brittanie Leffelman, Michael Perko, Daniel L Bibeau
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to quantify the performance of organizations' worksite health promotion (WHP) activities against the benchmarking criteria included in the Well Workplace Checklist (WWC). DESIGN: The Wellness Council of America (WELCOA) developed a tool to assess WHP with its 100-item WWC, which represents WELCOA's 7 performance benchmarks. SETTING: Workplaces. PARTICIPANTS: This study includes a convenience sample of organizations who completed the checklist from 2008 to 2015...
November 29, 2016: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889400/facilitators-and-barriers-to-implementing-church-based-adolescent-sexual-health-programs-in-baltimore-city
#3
Terrinieka W Powell, Fiona H Weeks, Samantha Illangasekare, Eric Rice, James Wilson, Debra Hickman, Robert W Blum
PURPOSE: Black churches are an important community resource and a potentially powerful actor in adolescent health promotion. However, limited research exists describing the factors that may influence the successful implementation of evidence-based adolescent sexual health programs in churches. In the present study, a multi-informant approach was used to identify facilitators and barriers to implementing adolescent sexual health programs in black churches. METHODS: Nine Black churches located in Baltimore, MD, were recruited to participate in this study...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884133/recovering-disrupted-social-capital-insights-from-lao-dpr-rural-villagers-perceptions-of-local-leadership
#4
Jinho Kim, Ji-Hye Kim, Vanphanom Sychareun, Minah Kang
BACKGROUND: Social capital is often believed to be one of the key prerequisites for successful implementation of community-based health programs. In less-developed countries, local leaders are positioned as major players in broad community health strategies and interventions, and their capacities and roles are expected to increase in prominence in future community-health-care promotions. In this study, we examined how local leaders' capacities could be related to social capital in rural villages in Lao PDR, and thus to villagers' willingness to participate in community-based health efforts...
November 25, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881913/effectiveness-of-the-vital-aging-program-to-promote-active-aging-in-mexican-older-adults
#5
Neyda Ma Mendoza-Ruvalcaba, Rocío Fernández-Ballesteros
INTRODUCTION: Aging is not only a population phenomenon but also an experience and an individual reality. Vital Aging(®) is a program that considers active aging as the lifelong adaptation process of maximizing health and independence, physical and cognitive functioning, positive affect regulation and control, and social engagement. Through its different versions and editions, it has demonstrated being an effective program to promote active aging. The aim of this study is to determine the effectiveness of the "face-to-face" and "combined" versions of the program to promote active aging in Mexican older adults trial...
2016: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881130/electronic-reminders-to-facilitate-longitudinal-care-a-mixed-methods-study-in-general-practices
#6
Christine Kersting, Birgitta Weltermann
BACKGROUND: Longitudinal, patient-centered care represents a challenge for general practitioners (GPs), and in this context, reminder systems can offer targeted support. This study aimed to identify details of such reminders: (1) contents of care addressed, (2) their mode of display in the electronic health record (EHR), (3) their visual appearance, (4) personnel responsibilities for editing and applying reminders, and (5) use of reminders for patient recall. METHODS: This mixed-methods study comprised (1) a cross-sectional survey among 185 GP practices from a German university network, and (2) structured observations of reminder utilization in six practices based on a clinical vignette describing a multimorbid senior with 26 care needs...
November 24, 2016: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862492/self-perceived-health-status-and-sleep-quality-of-older-adults-living-in-community-after-elastic-band-exercises
#7
Shu-Ya Chan, Kuei-Min Chen
AIMS: To test the effectiveness of a 6-month Senior Elastic Band (SEB) exercise program on the self-perceived health status and sleep quality of older adults living in community settings. BACKGROUND: Health issues common among older adults living in community settings include poor physical and mental health conditions and sleep quality. Engagement in appropriate exercise programs facilitates alleviating these health issues among older adults. DESIGN: A quasi-experimental design was applied...
November 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843964/exploring-clinical-pharmacists-perception-of-their-impact-on-healthcare-in-khartoum-state-sudan
#8
Anas Mustafa Ahmed Salim, Arwa Hassan Ahmed Elhada, Bashir Elgizoli
OBJECTIVE: The principal aim of this study was to explore the self-perception of clinical pharmacists of their impact on healthcare in Khartoum State, Sudan, how they think doctors perceive their impact, exploring the obstacles that clinical pharmacists are facing, and identifying what clinical pharmacists recommend for a better clinical pharmacy practice in Sudan. METHODS: This was an exploratory cross-sectional study that employed a qualitative method. Individual, in-depth interviews were conducted with a convenient sample of 26 clinical pharmacists working in 14 governmental hospitals in Khartoum State, Sudan, in March 2016...
October 2016: Journal of Research in Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843821/geriatric-health-policy-in-india-the-need-for-scaling-up-implementation
#9
REVIEW
N Sherin Susan Paul, Mathew Asirvatham
In an anticipation of the rising geriatric population in India, the Central government constituted the National Policy for Older Persons in 1999 to promote the health and welfare of senior citizens in India. A major strategy of this policy is to encourage families to take care of their older family members. The policy also encourages voluntary organizations to supplement the care provided by the family and provide care and protection to vulnerable elderly people. The implementation of this policy, particularly in the rural areas, has been negligible and calls for a scaling-up of programs to address the physical, psychological, and social needs of the poor...
April 2016: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825914/differences-in-resident-perceptions-by-postgraduate-year-of-duty-hour-policies-an-analysis-from-the-flexibility-in-duty-hour-requirement-for-surgical-trainees-first-trial
#10
Anthony D Yang, Jeanette W Chung, Allison R Dahlke, Thomas Biester, Christopher M Quinn, Richard S Matulewicz, David D Odell, Rachel R Kelz, Judy Shea, Frank Lewis, Karl Y Bilimoria
BACKGROUND: In the Flexibility in Duty Hour Requirements for Surgical Trainees (FIRST) Trial, there were several differences in residents' perceptions of aspects of their education, well-being, and patient care that differed between standard and flexible duty hour policies. Our objective was to assess whether these perceptions differed by level of training. STUDY DESIGN: A survey assessed residents participating in the FIRST Trial's perceptions of the effect of duty hour policies on aspects of patient safety, continuity of care, resident education, clinical training, and resident well-being...
November 4, 2016: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821694/interdisciplinary-postdoctoral-training-in-global-health-through-a-novel-joint-project-for-trainees-from-diverse-disciplines-benefits-risks-and-observations
#11
Richard A Oberhelman, Cynthia Anticona Huaynate, Malena Correa, Holger Mayta Malpartida, Monica Pajuelo, Valerie A Paz-Soldan, Robert H Gilman, Mirko Zimic, Laura Murphy, Jose Belizan
Postdoctoral training programs are usually highly individualized arrangements between trainees and a limited number of senior mentors in their field, an approach that contrasts with current trends in public health education that promote interdisciplinary training to spur innovation. Herein, we describe an alternative model for postdoctoral training for a group of fellows from distinct disciplines. Fellows work with mentors from diverse fields to create a joint research project or a group of complementary projects, with the goal of developing a new device, intervention, or innovation to address a global health problem...
November 7, 2016: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27813452/cognitive-remediation-to-enhance-mobility-in-older-adults-the-crem-study
#12
Joe Verghese, Emmeline Ayers, Jeannette R Mahoney, Anne Ambrose, Cuiling Wang, Roee Holtzer
Mobility disabilities represent the most prevalent disability among seniors. Emerging evidence indicates that executive functions play an important role in maintaining mobility. However, the use of cognitive remediation programs to enhance mobility has not been investigated in a full-scale randomized control trial. The CREM study is a single-blind randomized control trial to examine the effect of computerized cognitive remediation versus computer-based health education training on mobility in 420 seniors. The primary outcome is change in gait speed during normal walking and walking-while-talking conditions from baseline to postintervention...
November 4, 2016: Neurodegenerative Disease Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806514/barriers-and-facilitators-to-clinical-education-from-the-perspective-of-junior-and-senior-nursing-students
#13
Masoumeh Esmaeilivand, Mansour Ghafourifard, Mohammad Mehdi Mohammadi, Parvin Taghizadeh, Khadijeh Chalechale, Azam Sharifi
INTRODUCTION: Clinical education is an essential component of nursing education programs. Identification of factors which affects clinical education would help in improvement of the quality of clinical education. The aim of this study was to determine the barriers and facilitators to clinical education from the perspective of junior and senior nursing students in Kermanshah University of Medical sciences. MATERIALS & METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 169 nursing students were selected by convenience sampling method...
July 21, 2016: Global Journal of Health Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27784651/engaging-gatekeeper-stakeholders-in-development-of-a-mobile-health-intervention-to-improve-medication-adherence-among-african-american-and-pacific-islander-elderly-patients-with-hypertension
#14
Hamed Yazdanshenas, Mohsen Bazargan, Loretta Jones, May Vawer, Todd B Seto, Summer Farooq, Deborah A Taira
BACKGROUND: Approximately 70 million people in the United States have hypertension. Although antihypertensive therapy can reduce the morbidity and mortality associated with hypertension, often patients do not take their medication as prescribed. OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to better understand issues affecting the acceptability and usability of mobile health technology (mHealth) to improve medication adherence for elderly African American and Native Hawaiian and Pacific Islander patients with hypertension...
October 26, 2016: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27779902/vitamin-d-status-and-bone-mineral-density-is-influenced-by-vitamin-d-supplementation-and-vitamin-k1-intake-in-adults-with-diabetes-and-chronic-kidney-disease
#15
Michelle R Hoffmann, Peter A Senior, Stephanie T Jackson, Guylaine Ferland, Nancy Presse, Kailash Jindal, Ping Li, Abeer S Alzaben, Diana R Mager
PURPOSE: Patients with diabetes (DM) and chronic kidney disease (CKD) are at increased risk for suboptimal bone health. The study objective was to investigate the relationships between vitamin D (vitD), vitamin K1 (vitK1), and calcium intake with bone mineral density (BMD) and vitamin D status in an ambulatory population with DM and CKD. METHODS: Adults (age 18-80 years; n = 62) with DM and CKD (stages 1-4) were recruited from the Northern Alberta Renal Program...
October 25, 2016: Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27777665/the-role-of-generic-competencies-in-the-entrustment-of-professional-activities-a-nationwide-competency-based-curriculum-assessed
#16
Karsten A van Loon, Pim W Teunissen, Erik W Driessen, Fedde Scheele
BACKGROUND : Entrustable professional activities (EPAs) seek to translate essential physician competencies into clinical practice. Until now, it is not known whether EPA-based curricula offer enhanced assessment and feedback to trainees. OBJECTIVE : This study examined program directors' and senior residents' justifications for entrustment decisions and what role generic, cross-specialty competencies (such as communication skills, collaboration, and understanding health care systems) play in these decisions...
October 2016: Journal of Graduate Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770374/factors-influencing-food-choices-among-older-adults-in-the-rural-western-usa
#17
Carmen Byker Shanks, Sarah Haack, Dawn Tarabochia, Kate Bates, Lori Christenson
Nutrition is an essential component in promoting health and quality of life into the older adults years. The purpose of this qualitative research is to explore how the rural food environment influences food choices of older adults. Four focus groups were conducted with 33 older adults (50 years of age and older) residing in rural Montana communities. Four major themes related to factors influencing food choices among rural older adults emerged from this study: perception of the rural community environment, support as a means of increasing food access, personal access to food sources, and dietary factors...
October 21, 2016: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27766262/positive-impact-on-physical-activity-and-health-behaviour-changes-of-a-15-week-family-focused-intervention-program-juniors-for-seniors
#18
Michał Bronikowski, Małgorzata Bronikowska, Beata Pluta, Janusz Maciaszek, Maciej Tomczak, Agata Glapa
The promotion of physical activity (PA) in children and their parents requires effective planning and sometimes even interventions. This study shows the effect of PA during a 15-week intervention program "Junior for Seniors" by applying a socioecological model to the interpretation of the data. This comprehensive approach emphasizes the fact that health promotion should focus not only on intrapersonal factors but also on the multilevel factors that might be determinants and modulators of increased PA. In 2015, 24 children ("juniors," 14 girls and 10 boys, aged M = 7...
2016: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27763831/factors-affecting-implementation-of-the-california-childhood-obesity-research-demonstration-ca-cord-project-2013
#19
Emmeline Chuang, Julian Brunner, Jamie Moody, Leticia Ibarra, Helina Hoyt, Thomas L McKenzie, Amy Binggeli-Vallarta, Griselda Cervantes, Tracy L Finlayson, Guadalupe X Ayala
INTRODUCTION: Ecological approaches to health behavior change require effective engagement from and coordination of activities among diverse community stakeholders. We identified facilitators of and barriers to implementation experienced by project leaders and key stakeholders involved in the Imperial County, California, Childhood Obesity Research Demonstration project, a multilevel, multisector intervention to prevent and control childhood obesity. METHODS: A total of 74 semistructured interviews were conducted with project leaders (n = 6) and key stakeholders (n = 68) representing multiple levels of influence in the health care, early care and education, and school sectors...
October 20, 2016: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27743519/risk-factors-for-malnutrition-in-seniors-aged-75-living-in-home-environment-in-selected-regions-of-the-czech-republic
#20
Iva Brabcová, Marie Trešlová, Sylva Bártlová, Jitka Vacková, Valerie Tóthová, Lenka Motlová
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Nutrition is an important social determinant of health that influences the ageing process. The aim of this study was to evaluate the nutritional condition of a group of seniors and identify the bio-psycho-social factors that increase the risk of malnutrition. METHODS: The research was conducted using a quantitative method. The standardised scales Mini Nutritional Assessment - Short Form (MNA-SF) and the Geriatric depression scale (GDS-5) were used to evaluate the nutritional condition and tendency towards depression of the tested group...
September 2016: Central European Journal of Public Health
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