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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344454/critical-review-of-family-health-advisory-services-assessment-in-mbbs-training-program-in-community-medicine
#1
Kiran Goswami, H Salve, S Malhotra, Y Kumar
Context: Family Health Advisory Services (FHAS) posting as well as its assessment is resource demanding but fails to enjoy priority. Study focuses on a holistic overview of the assessment process to understand need for change. Aims: The aim of this study is to identify perceived gaps in current assessment practices related to FHAS posting. Settings and Design: A cross-sectional mixed method study among all the V semester students currently undergoing assessment for the posting, past students (selected VII semester students and interns), preceptors (supervising residents - postgraduate students in department and senior resident, health assistants, medical social service officer), and involved faculty...
December 2017: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344083/psychosocial-problems-in-traumatized-refugee-families-overview-of-risks-and-some-recommendations-for-support-services
#2
EDITORIAL
J M Fegert, C Diehl, B Leyendecker, K Hahlweg, V Prayon-Blum
This article is an abridged version of a report by an advisory council to the German government on the psychosocial problems facing refugee families from war zones who have settled in Germany. It omits the detailed information contained in the report about matters that are specific to the German health system and asylum laws, and includes just those insights and strategies that may be applicable to assisting refugees in other host countries as well. The focus is on understanding the developmental risks faced by refugee children when they or family members are suffering from trauma-related psychological disorders, and on identifying measures that can be taken to address these risks...
2018: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317368/interdisciplinary-care-model-independently-decreases-use-of-critical-care-services-after-corrective-surgery-for-adult-degenerative-scoliosis
#3
Owoicho Adogwa, Aladine A Elsamadicy, Amanda R Sergesketter, Michael Ongele, Victoria Vuong, Syed Khalid, Jessica Moreno, Joseph Cheng, Isaac O Karikari, Carlos A Bagley
OBJECTIVE: Interdisciplinary management of elderly patients requiring spine surgery has been shown to improve short and long-term outcomes. The aim of this study is to determine whether an interdisciplinary team approach mitigates use of intensive care unit (ICU) resources. METHODS: A unique co-management model for elderly patients undergoing lumbar fusion surgery was implemented at a major academic medical center. The Peri-operative Optimization of Senior Health Program(POSH) was launched with the aim of improving outcomes in elderly patients(>65-years-old) undergoing complex lumbar spine surgery...
January 6, 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315278/a-qualitative-study-of-hr-ohs-stress-interventions-in-australian-universities
#4
Silvia Pignata, Anthony H Winefield, Carolyn M Boyd, Chris Provis
To enhance the understanding of psychosocial factors and extend research on work stress interventions, we investigated the key human resource (HR)/occupational health and safety (OHS) stress interventions implemented at five Australian universities over a three-year period. Five senior HR Directors completed an online survey to identify the intervention strategies taken at their university in order to reduce stress and enhance employee well-being and morale. We also explored the types of individual-, organization-, and individual/organization-directed interventions that were implemented, and the strategies that were prioritized at each university...
January 9, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283897/influence-of-trainee-experience-on-choice-of-orthopaedic-subspecialty-fellowship
#5
Andrew P Matson, Joseph J Kavolus, William A Byrd, Fraser J Leversedge, Brian E Brigman
INTRODUCTION: Most orthopaedic surgery residents elect to pursue additional subspecialty training; however, factors influencing the choice of subspecialty and the ways that these factors change during training are not well understood. The aim of this investigation was to determine, on the basis of a trainee's postgraduate year (PGY), whether variability exists in factors valued when choosing a specific subspecialty. METHODS: We emailed an online survey (intended for distribution to current trainees) to a list of orthopaedic surgery residency program coordinators in the United States...
December 22, 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277156/supporting-aging-in-place-well-findings-from-a-cluster-analysis-of-the-reasons-for-aging-in-place-and-perceptions-of-well-being
#6
Mira Ahn, Hyun Joo Kwon, Jiyun Kang
Prior research on gerontology and housing has frequently adopted a perspective that aging-in-place is the "goal." Despite these meaningful results and policy implications, opportunities to explore consequences of aging-in-place, such as the association of this with overall well-being, have been overlooked. This study aims to fill this gap by investigating perceptions of well-being that could act as a driver or result of aging-in-place. With a nationwide random sample of non-Hispanic White, older individuals (60+), living in their homes ( N = 328), three segments of senior residents based on their reasons for aging-in-place were identified...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Applied Gerontology: the Official Journal of the Southern Gerontological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275981/evaluation-by-undergraduate-medical-students-of-a-role-playing-training-program-on-the-management-of-acute-states-of-agitation
#7
B Rolland, T Fovet, J Poissy, C Eichholtzer, M Lesage, P Thomas, M Jourdain
OBJECTIVES: Acute states of agitation (ASAs) are frequent in daily medical practice. However, training on real ASAs raises technical and ethical issues, whereas lecture-based teaching hardly addresses some educational objectives, e.g., improving relational skills and team-based coordination. Simulation-based medical education (SBME) is a promising medium to train students on managing ASAs. We have recently implemented a role-playing training module on ASAs. In this scenario, four to five students play the role of the staff, while a trained professional actor plays the agitated patient...
December 21, 2017: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236377/xpey-relational-environments-an-analytic-framework-for-conceptualizing-indigenous-health-equity
#8
Alexandra Kent, Charlotte Loppie, Jeannine Carriere, Marjorie MacDonald, Bernie Pauly
INTRODUCTION: Both health equity research and Indigenous health research are driven by the goal of promoting equitable health outcomes among marginalized and underserved populations. However, the two fields often operate independently, without collaboration. As a result, Indigenous populations are underrepresented in health equity research relative to the disproportionate burden of health inequities they experience. In this methodological article, we present Xpey' Relational Environments, an analytic framework that maps some of the barriers and facilitators to health equity for Indigenous peoples...
December 2017: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233311/development-implementation-and-evaluation-of-a-service-learning-series-for-pharmacy-students-using-a-public-health-tool
#9
Katura C Bullock
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The purpose of this article is to describe the utility of the Assessment, Development, Assurance: Pharmacist's Tool (ADAPT) during the design, delivery, and assessment of service-learning events by pharmacy students. EDUCATIONAL ACTIVITY AND SETTING: The ADAPT instrument was used to develop a series of five service-learning events that featured a health promotion program delivered by 19 pharmacy students and attended by over 200 senior citizens at local senior centers...
September 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202736/peer-teacher-training-ptt-program-for-health-professional-students-interprofessional-and-flipped-learning
#10
Annette Burgess, Chris Roberts, Christie van Diggele, Craig Mellis
BACKGROUND: The need for developing healthcare professional students' peer teaching skills is widely acknowledged, and a number of discipline-based peer teacher training programs have been previously reported. However, a consensus on what a student peer teaching skills program across the health professions should entail, and the associated benefits and challenges, has not been previously described. The purpose of this study was to demonstrate the design and implementation of an interprofessional Peer Teacher Training (PTT) program, and explore outcomes and participant perceptions, using Experience-Based Learning (ExBL) theory...
December 4, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193588/long-term-evidence-that-a-pediatric-oncology-mentorship-program-for-young-investigators-is-feasible-and-beneficial-in-the-cooperative-group-setting-a-report-from-the-children-s-oncology-group
#11
Adam J Esbenshade, Christopher R Pierson, Amanda L Thompson, Damon Reed, Abha Gupta, Adam Levy, Lisa S Kahalley, Paul Harker-Murray, Reuven Schore, Jodi A Muscal, Leanne Embry, Kelly Maloney, Terzah Horton, Patrick Zweidler-Mckay, Girish Dhall
BACKGROUND: Mentorship of junior faculty is an integral component of career development. The Children's Oncology Group (COG) Young Investigator (YI) Committee designed a mentorship program in 2004 whose purpose was to pair YIs (faculty ≤10 years of first academic appointment) with a senior mentor to assist with career development and involvement in COG research activities. This study reports on the committee's ability to achieve these goals. PROCEDURE: An online survey was sent to YIs who were registered with the program from 2004 to2015, assessing three major domains: (1) overall experience with the mentor pairing, (2) satisfaction with the program, and (3) academic accomplishments of the mentees...
November 28, 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184838/magnifying-the-senescence-impact-of-oral-health-on-quality-of-life-and-daily-performance-in-geriatrics-a-cross-sectional-study
#12
Kuldeep Dhama, Priyanka Razdan, Lav Kumar Niraj, Irfan Ali, Basavaraj Patthi, Gagandeep Kundra
Objective: The objective of the study is to study the behavior of the GOHAI as well as the OIDPs as potent measures in oral health related to quality of life in senior citizens. Materials and Methods: An outreach program-based cross-sectional study conducted in Modinagar, Uttar Pradesh, India. A total of 340 study participants aged >60 years were selected from outreach program which were held between January 2017 and April 2017 based on inclusion and exclusion criterion...
October 2017: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29178238/intergenerational-effects-of-nutrition-on-immunity-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
Catherine E Grueber, Lindsey J Gray, Katrina M Morris, Stephen J Simpson, Alistair M Senior
Diet and immunity are both highly complex processes through which organisms interact with their environment and adapt to variable conditions. Parents that are able to transmit information to their offspring about prevailing environmental conditions have a selective advantage by 'priming' the physiology of their offspring. We used a meta-analytic approach to test the effect of parental diet on offspring immune responses. Using the geometric framework for nutrition (a method for analysing diet compositions wherein food nutrient components are expressed as axes in a Cartesian coordinate space) to define dietary manipulations in terms of their energy and macronutrient compositions, we compiled the results of 226 experiments from 38 published papers on the intergenerational effects of diet on immunity, across a range of study species and immunological responses...
November 27, 2017: Biological Reviews of the Cambridge Philosophical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172577/psychology-public-policy-and-advocacy-past-present-and-future
#14
Ellen Greenberg Garrison, Patrick H DeLeon, Brian D Smedley
This article offers a historical perspective on the contributions of the field of psychology and the American Psychological Association (APA) to the public policy arena. It traces APA's involvement from a 1956 Council of Representatives resolution on the application of psychology to inform public policy to current advocacy initiatives related to psychological science, practice, and education in the public interest. Attention is directed to APA's early policy structures together with the development of affiliated state, provincial, and territorial psychological associations and the first political action committee for psychology...
November 2017: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165036/a-formative-qualitative-evaluation-to-inform-implementation-of-a-research-participation-enhancement-and-advocacy-training-program-for-diverse-seniors-the-dreams-program
#15
Molly M Perkins, Ariel Hart, Rebecca L Dillard, Ronald C Wincek, David E Jones, Madeleine E Hackney
This article reports on a formative qualitative evaluation conducted to identify potential barriers and facilitators prior to implementation of a two-part educational intervention designed to increase older adults' participation in clinical research. We conducted focus groups with 35 older adults from diverse racial, ethnic, and socioeconomic backgrounds (Mean age = 74.5 ± 7.4 years), and six clinical researchers involved in aging research. Two older adult patient stakeholder advisors participated as members of the research team...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Applied Gerontology: the Official Journal of the Southern Gerontological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149653/prevalence-of-internet-addiction-and-its-risk-and-protective-factors-in-a-representative-sample-of-senior-high-school-students-in-taiwan
#16
Min-Pei Lin, Jo Yung-Wei Wu, Jianing You, Wei-Hsuan Hu, Cheng-Fang Yen
The aim of this study investigated the prevalence of Internet addiction (IA) in a large representative sample of secondary school students and identified the risk and protective factors. Using a crosssectional design, 2170 participants were recruited from senior high schools throughout Taiwan using both stratified and cluster sampling. The prevalence of IA was 17.4% (95% confidence interval, 15.8%-19.0%). High impulsivity, low refusal self-efficacy of Internet use, high positive outcome expectancy of Internet use, high disapproving attitude of Internet use by others, depressive symptoms, low subjective well-being, high frequency of others' invitation to Internet use, and high virtual social support was all independently predictive in the logistic regression analysis...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148074/salutogenic-healthy-aging-programme-embracement-shape-for-senior-only-households-a-study-protocol
#17
Betsy Seah, Yanika Kowitlawakul, Srinivasan Chokkanathan, Jeane Jin Yi Fong, Geir Arild Espnes, Emily Ang, Wenru Wang
AIMS: To evaluate the effectiveness of a multi-dimensional community-based health promotion and risk prevention program, named Salutogenic Healthy Aging Program Embracement (SHAPE) for senior-only households in Singapore. BACKGROUND: In view of aging population and its significant impacts on economy, societal structure and policy-making, healthy aging emerges as an important concept in maintaining health through the engagement of health-promoting behaviour and risk-prevention actions in older people...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119486/potentially-harmful-medication-use-and-decline-in-health-related-quality-of-life-among-community-dwelling-older-adults
#18
Kenya Ie, Eric Chou, Richard D Boyce, Steven M Albert
BACKGROUND: Several scales to quantify the impact of potentially harmful medications (PHMs) have been shown to predict mortality and functional decline; however, the effect of PHMs on quality of life (QoL) has not been well-studied. OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were to investigate an association between PHM use and change in health-related QoL among community-dwelling older adults, and to compare the predictive capacity of PHM scales. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study using prescription claims data and survey responses...
December 2017: Drugs—Real World Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077518/moderating-effects-of-sexual-orientation-and-gender-characteristic-on-condom-use-intentions-among-boys-senior-high-school-students-in-taiwan-an-exploration-based-on-the-theory-of-planned-behavior
#19
Chien-Mu Cheng, Jiun-Hau Huang
This study examined condom use intentions among adolescent boys in relation to the constructs of the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB): attitude toward the behavior (ATB), subjective norm (SN), and perceived behavioral control (PBC). The potential moderating effects of sexual orientation and gender characteristic (masculine/feminine) were also explored. Anonymous survey data were collected from 929 students enrolled in a boys' senior high school in Taiwan (response rate: 89.9%). Multivariate logistic regression analyses found higher condom use intentions linked to more positive ATB (adjusted odds ratio [AOR] = 8...
October 27, 2017: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29061451/training-neurosurgery-and-radiation-oncology-residents-in-stereotactic-radiosurgery-an-assessment-gathered-from-participants-in-the-aans-and-astro-training-course
#20
Jason Sheehan, John H Suh, Brian Kavanagh, Zhiyuan Xu, Lydia Ren, Kimball Sheehan, L Dade Lunsford
OBJECTIVE: Stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) represents an expanding approach for neurosurgeons and radiation oncologists. We evaluate educational gaps of senior residents drawn from each specialty as part of a focused SRS course. We also evaluate the strengths and limitations of SRS training in current residency programs of the course residents and faculty. METHODS: The AANS and ASTRO jointly held a senior resident course in SRS. Residents were nominated by program directors from across the U...
October 20, 2017: World Neurosurgery
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