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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431554/a-need-to-accelerate-health-research-productivity-in-an-african-university-the-case-of-makerere-university-college-of-health-sciences
#1
Damalie Nakanjako, Dickens Akena, Dan K Kaye, James Tumwine, Elialilia Okello, Annettee Nakimuli, Andrew Kambugu, Hazel McCullough, Harriet Mayanja-Kizza, Moses R Kamya, Nelson K Sewankambo
BACKGROUND: In the last decade, Makerere University College of Health Sciences (MakCHS) has taken strides in research and training to improve healthcare through collaborative training and research programs. However, there is limited data on the trends of MakCHS faculty contributions to research and on faculty growth to take leading roles in health research. This paper reviews MakCHS faculty research publications over 15.5 years and outlines possible strategies to enhance faculty research outputs...
April 21, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28373835/no-evidence-that-short-term-cognitive-or-physical-training-programs-or-lifestyles-are-related-to-changes-in-white-matter-integrity-in-older-adults-at-risk-of-dementia
#2
Patrick Fissler, Hans-Peter Müller, Olivia C Küster, Daria Laptinskaya, Franka Thurm, Alexander Woll, Thomas Elbert, Jan Kassubek, Christine A F von Arnim, Iris-Tatjana Kolassa
Cognitive and physical activities can benefit cognition. However, knowledge about the neurobiological mechanisms underlying these activity-induced cognitive benefits is still limited, especially with regard to the role of white matter integrity (WMI), which is affected in cognitive aging and Alzheimer's disease. To address this knowledge gap, we investigated the immediate and long-term effects of cognitive or physical training on WMI, as well as the association between cognitive and physical lifestyles and changes in WMI over a 6-month period...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28353505/changes-in-resident-well-being-at-one-institution-across-a-decade-of-progressive-work-hours-limitations
#3
Michael F Krug, Anna L Golob, Pandora L Wander, Joyce E Wipf
PURPOSE: To measure changes in markers of resident well-being over time as progressive work hours limitations (WHLs) were enforced, and to investigate resident perceptions of the 2011 WHLs. METHOD: A survey study of internal medicine residents was conducted at the University of Washington's multihospital residency program in 2012. The survey included validated well-being questions: the Maslach Burnout Inventory, the two-question PRIME-MD depression screen, and career satisfaction questions...
March 28, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322667/facilitating-self-transcendence
#4
Valerie Lander McCarthy, Lynne A Hall, Timothy N Crawford, Jennifer Connelly
This randomized controlled pilot study evaluated the effects of the Psychoeducational Approach to Transcendence and Health (PATH) Program, an 8-week intervention hypothesized to increase self-transcendence and improve well-being in community-dwelling women aged 60 years and older ( N = 20). The PATH combined mindfulness exercises, group processes, creative activities, and at-home practice using community engaged research methods. Findings provided some support for the effectiveness of PATH. Although there was no significant Group × Time interaction, self-transcendence, psychological well-being, and life satisfaction differed significantly pre- and postintervention in the wait-listed control group, which received a revised version of the program...
February 1, 2017: Western Journal of Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303238/feasibility-of-a-peer-led-asthma-and-smoking-prevention-project-in-australian-schools-with-high-indigenous-youth
#5
Gabrielle B McCallum, Anne B Chang, Cate A Wilson, Helen L Petsky, Jan Saunders, Susan J Pizzutto, Siew Choo Su, Smita Shah
BACKGROUND: The high global burden of asthma and tobacco smoking among Indigenous people may potentially be reduced by appropriate interventions that target prevention of tobacco smoke uptake and improved asthma management. The latter includes targeted treatment based on airway inflammation. We undertook a feasibility study in two Darwin schools with a high proportion of Indigenous youth to determine the feasibility of an innovative, peer-led, school-based education program called the Asthma and Smoking Prevention Project (ASPP)...
2017: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272594/hospital-medicine-resident-training-tracks-developing-the-hospital-medicine-pipeline
#6
Joseph R Sweigart, Darlene Tad-Y, Patrick Kneeland, Mark V Williams, Jeffrey J Glasheen
BACKGROUND: Hospital medicine (HM) is rapidly evolving into new clinical and nonclinical roles. Traditional internal medicine (IM) residency training likely does not optimally prepare residents for success in HM. Hospital medicine residency training tracks may offer a preferred method for specialized HM education. METHODS: Internet searches and professional networks were used to identify HM training tracks. Information was gathered from program websites and discussions with track directors...
March 2017: Journal of Hospital Medicine: An Official Publication of the Society of Hospital Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214475/hunter-and-new-england-healthpathways-a-4-year-journey-of-integrated-care
#7
Jane S Gray, Judith R Swan, Margaret A Lynch, Tracey M Tay, Marika-Jane Mackenzie, John H Wiggers, Karen A Harrison, Robert C McDonald, Ian P O'Dea, Louise M Harrigan, Sandra M Fitzgerald
Objective This paper describes the 4-year journey of Hunter and New England HealthPathways - a password-protected web-based portal designed to provide localised evidence-informed clinical and referral information to support general practice at the point of care.Methods A process evaluation was conducted in 2013, with a case study comparison performed in 2014 to assess impact of HealthPathways on patient referral and access to specialist care, followed by a review in 2016 of utilisation of the online portal to assess whether healthcare providers continued to access HealthPathways...
February 20, 2017: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198765/capturing-change-creating-a-template-to-examine-the-educational-experiences-and-outcomes-of-the-aone-foundation-nurse-manager-fellowship
#8
Barbara L Mackoff, Mary T Meadows, Alice Nash
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study is to create a mixed-methods evaluation template to examine the educational experiences and outcomes of participants in the Nurse Manager Fellowship (NMF) sponsored by the American Organization of Nurse Executives (AONE) Foundation. The focus was to capture change as reported by the nurse manager (NM) fellows and the senior leaders who sponsored them and to gain access to the participants' lived experiences as leadership learners. BACKGROUND: The AONE Foundation's NMF conducts a yearlong professional development program with a cohort of 30 fellows who meet 4 times a year in face-to-face sessions and complete a capstone project...
March 2017: Journal of Nursing Administration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156491/integrating-a-palliative-care-longitudinal-track-into-a-family-medicine-residency-program
#9
(no author information available yet)
156 Background: Palliative care and Palliative care skills are being instituted in many hospitals and clinics as they have been shown to improve health care outcomes and decrease costs. While health care organizations are adopting these coordinated care programs, finding competent physicians to work effectively in these programs is difficult. METHODS: PIH Health Hospital Whittier Family Medicine Residency Program developed a longitdudinal Palliative Care and Chronic Disease track to generate a transformed workforce of future family physicians that can deliver innovative, empathetic and effective care for seriously ill patients who are at risk due to health disparities, advanced multiple chronic conditions, or frailty...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28148320/training-fellows-in-paediatric-cardiology-the-harvard-experience
#10
David W Brown, Catherine K Allan, Jane W Newburger
The Fellowship Program of the Department of Cardiology at Boston Children's Hospital seeks to train academically oriented leaders in clinical care and laboratory and clinical investigation of cardiovascular disease in the young. The core clinical fellowship involves 3 years in training, comprising 24 months of clinical rotations and 12 months of elective and research experience. Trainees have access to a vast array of research opportunities - clinical, basic, and translational. Clinical fellows interested in basic science may reverse the usual sequence and start their training in the laboratory, deferring clinical training for 1 or more years...
December 2016: Cardiology in the Young
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28147454/school-and-parent-factors-associated-with-steroid-use-among-adolescents
#11
Rebecca L Elkins, Keith King, Laura Nabors, Rebecca Vidourek
BACKGROUND: Steroid use among adolescents is an increasing health concern. Literature examining factors related to steroid use is limited. METHODS: We investigated steroid use among 9th through 12th grade adolescents in the Greater Cincinnati area. A total of 38,414 adolescents completed the PRIDE Questionnaire. Associations between demographics, school factors, parent factors, sport participation, and steroid use were examined. RESULTS: A total of 2...
March 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120274/advanced-gi-surgery-training-a-roadmap-for-the-future-the-white-paper-from-the-ssat-task-force-on-advanced-gi-surgery-training
#12
Matthew M Hutter, Kevin E Behrns, Nathaniel J Soper, Fabrizio Michelassi
There is the need for well-trained advanced GI surgeons. The super specialization seen in academic and large community centers may not be applicable for surgeons practicing in other settings. The pendulum that has been swinging toward narrow specialization is swinging the other way, as many trained subspecialists are having a harder time finding positions after fellowship, and if they do find a position, the majority of their practice can actually be advanced GI surgery and not exclusively their area of focused expertise...
January 24, 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102993/status-report-the-public-health-and-planning-101-project-strengthening-collaborations-between-the-public-health-and-planning-professions
#13
A Mahendra, T Vo, C Einstoss, J Weppler, P Gillen, L Ryan, K Haley
INTRODUCTION: Land use planning is a complex field comprised of legislation, policies, processes and tools. A growing body of evidence supports the relationship between land use planning decisions, community design and health. The built environment has been shown to be associated with physical inactivity, obesity, cardiovascular disease, respiratory disease and mental illness. Consequently, there is a growing interest within public health to work with planners on land use planning initiatives such as official plans and transportation master plans...
January 2017: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071266/biogen-s-portfolio-and-research-efforts-in-multiple-sclerosis-an-interview-with-dr-ralph-kern
#14
Ralph Kern
Ralph Kern speaks to Laura Dormer, Commissioning Editor: Dr Ralph Kern is Senior Vice President and Head of Worldwide Medical at Biogen in Cambridge, MA, USA. In this role, he oversees Biogen's global therapeutic, regional and country medical teams, global medical operations, as well as medical research and scientific communications functions. Prior to joining Biogen, he was head of the Neuroscience Medical Unit at Novartis Pharmaceuticals Corporation and held various medical and commercial leadership roles at Genzyme Corporation...
February 2017: Neurodegenerative Disease Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012887/-the-actualized-neurosurgeon-a-proposed-model-of-surgical-resident-development
#15
Nir Lipsman, Osaama Khan, Abhaya V Kulkarni
BACKGROUND: Modern neurosurgical training is both physically and emotionally demanding, posing significant challenges, new and old, to residents as well as programs attempting to train safe, competent surgeons. Models to describe resident development, such as the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education competencies and milestones, address the acquisition of specific skills but largely ignore the stresses and pressures unique to each stage of resident training. METHODS: We propose an alternative model of resident development adapted from the developmental psychology literature...
March 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002215/orthopaedic-surgery-residency-perspectives-of-applicants-and-program-directors-on-medical-student-away-rotations
#16
Seth W O'Donnell, Brian C Drolet, Jonathan P Brower, Dawn LaPorte, Craig P Eberson
INTRODUCTION: Senior medical students frequently rotate at orthopaedic residency programs away from their home medical schools. However, to our knowledge, the perspective of program directors (PDs) and applicants on the value, objectives, and costs of these rotations has not been studied. METHODS: Surveys evaluating the frequency, costs, benefits, and objectives of away rotations were distributed to all orthopaedic residency PDs in the United States and applicants in the 2014-2015 Match cycle...
January 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27965843/the-aging-community-and-health-research-unit-community-partnership-program-for-older-adults-with-type-2-diabetes-and-multiple-chronic-conditions-a-feasibility-study
#17
Maureen Markle-Reid, Jenny Ploeg, Kathryn Fisher, Holly Reimer, Sharon Kaasalainen, Amiram Gafni, Andrea Gruneir, Ross Kirkconnell, Sam Marzouk, Noori Akhtar-Danesh, Lehana Thabane, Carlos Rojas-Fernandez, Ross Upshur
BACKGROUND: Few studies have examined the effectiveness of community-based self-management interventions in older adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and multiple chronic conditions (MCC). The objectives of this study were to examine the feasibility of implementation in practice (primary) and the feasibility of study methods and potential effectiveness (secondary) of the Aging, Community and Health-Community Partnership Program, a new 6-month interprofessional, nurse-led program to promote diabetes self-management in older adults (>65 years) with T2DM and MCC...
2016: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27934539/healthcare-reform-in-the-middle-east-and-the-usa
#18
Mustafa Z Younis
Mustafa Z Younis speaks to Laura Dormer, Commissioning Editor: Dr Mustafa Z Younis is an internationally recognized scholar and was a member of the Executive Committee of the International Society for Research of Healthcare Financial Management. Dr Younis has authored and published over 200 articles, abstracts and presentations in refereed journals and meetings, and has presented at national and international conferences. Dr Younis has administrative experience as Senior Adviser for the President at Zirve University, Turkey and as Chair of the Department of Health Policy and Management at Florida International University (FL, USA) where he led the accreditation efforts for the Healthcare Management Program...
January 2017: Journal of Comparative Effectiveness Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932029/implementing-a-resident-acute-care-surgery-service-improving-resident-education-and-patient-care
#19
Olga Kantor, Andrew B Schneider, Marko Rojnica, Andrew J Benjamin, Nancy Schindler, Mitchell C Posner, Jeffrey B Matthews, Kevin K Roggin
BACKGROUND: To simulate the duties and responsibilities of an attending surgeon and allow senior residents more intraoperative and perioperative autonomy, our program created a new resident acute care surgery consult service. METHODS: We structured resident acute care surgery as a new admitting and inpatient consult service managed by chief and senior residents with attending supervision. When appropriate, the chief resident served as a teaching assistant in the operation...
March 2017: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931197/reaching-the-elderly-understanding-of-health-and-preventive-experiences-for-a-tailored-approach-results-of-a-qualitative-study
#20
Christiane Patzelt, Susanne Heim, Bernhilde Deitermann, Gudrun Theile, Christian Krauth, Eva Hummers-Pradier, Ulla Walter
BACKGROUND: Often preventive measures are not accessed by the people who were intended to be reached. Programs for older adults may target men and women, older adults, advanced old age groups and/or chronically ill patients with specific indications. The defined target groups rarely participate in the conception of programs or in the design of information materials, although this would increase accessibility and participation. In the German "Reaching the Elderly" study (2008-2011), an approach to motivating older adults to participate in a preventive home visit (PHV) program was modified with the participatory involvement of the target groups...
December 8, 2016: BMC Geriatrics
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