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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786631/comparison-between-elite-and-subelite-swimmers-on-dry-land-and-tumble-turn-leg-extensor-force-time-characteristics
#1
Julian V Jones, David B Pyne, G Greg Haff, Robert U Newton
Jones, JV, Pyne, DB, Haff, GG, and Newton, RU. Comparison between elite and subelite swimmers on dry land and tumble turn leg extensor force-time characteristics. J Strength Cond Res 32(6): 1762-1769, 2018-Elite swimmers demonstrate faster swimming turn times that are potentially a result of having better strength-power characteristics than subelite swimmers. We quantified differences between dry-land and swimming turn force-time characteristics in elite swimmers and subelite swimmers. Subelite (11 males: 17...
June 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775509/exploring-the-growth-trajectory-of-cultural-competence-in-taiwanese-paediatric-nurses
#2
Chiu-I Chen, Mei-Chih Huang
AIM: The purpose of this study was to explore the evolution of cultural competence in Taiwanese paediatric nurses. BACKGROUND: Because transnational marriage has become a social phenomenon in Taiwan, the proportion of newborns of new immigrant mothers accounts for 8-10% of total births every year. Since family-centered care is the core value of paediatric nursing, it is necessary to teach caregivers how to take care of hospitalized children and perform related nursing care as well as to determine what difficulties nurses will encounter when they care for patients from diverse cultures and to find solutions for these problems...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744997/nursing-students-experience-with-fall-risk-assessment-in-older-adults
#3
Susan Kane Patton, Leah Jean Henry
The purpose of this study was to examine the perceptions of nursing students regarding barriers and facilitators to integrating falls risk evaluation and management into practice as well as effective strategies for learning falls prevention. The qualitative research method of thematic analysis was adopted to collect data through semi-structured interviews with senior nursing students. Open and axial coding was used to analyze the data and those with greatest support generated final categories. Thematic analysis identified five central themes (learning to do a fall risk assessment, addressing health beliefs of older adults, barriers to fall assessment, and overcoming barriers) that describe nursing student perceptions of incorporating fall prevention into practice...
May 10, 2018: Nursing & Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742523/barriers-and-facilitators-to-intraorganizational-collaboration-in-public-health-relational-coordination-across-public-health-services-targeting-individuals-and-populations
#4
J Mac McCullough, Eileen Eisen-Cohen, Breanne Lott
BACKGROUND: Modern public health emphasizes population-focused services, which may require collaborative work both across and within organizations. Studies have explored interorganizational collaborations, but there are little data regarding collaborations within public health organizations. PURPOSE: We measured intraorganizational collaboration and identified barriers and facilitators to collaboration within a large public health department through a mixed-methods study...
May 9, 2018: Health Care Management Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725993/residents-experiences-with-mentorship-in-academic-medicine
#5
Hermioni Lokko Amonoo, Esteban A Barreto, Theodore A Stern, Karen Donelan
OBJECTIVE: Although mentorship is essential for the professional development of physicians, the literature on trainees' mentorship experiences and perceptions of effective mentoring is more limited. This descriptive study examines residents' experiences of mentoring and their perceptions about the impact of mentorship on professional development, comparing experiences in mentoring that is assigned versus self-initiated. METHODS: A web-based self-administered cross-sectional survey of all senior residents (≥PGY-3) at a major urban academic medical center was conducted from March 27 to May 31, 2015...
May 3, 2018: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724985/-it-all-started-from-worms-korea-japan-parasite-control-cooperation-and-asian-network-1960s-1980s
#6
Junho Jung, Ock-Joo Kim
The Korea Association of Health Promotion and Japanese Organization for International Cooperation in Family Planning (JOICFP), and Taiwan's Chinese Foundation of Health all originated from parasite control organizations. Currently these organizations hold no apparent relations to parasite control activities. However, many of the senior leaderships of these organizations including presidents, have parasitology as their background. Kunii Chojiro (the founder of Japan Association of Parasite Control (JAPC) and JOICFP) explained it as "it all started from worms...
April 2018: Ŭi Sahak
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678532/feasibility-and-benefit-of-incorporating-a-multimedia-cadaver-laboratory-training-program-into-a-didactics-curriculum-for-junior-and-senior-surgical-residents
#7
Erika Simmerman, Andrew Simmerman, Randi Lassiter, Ray King, Ben Ham, Bao-Ling Adam, Colville Ferdinand, Steven Holsten
OBJECTIVE: As operative experience in general surgery decreases and work hour limitations increase there is less exposure of surgical residents to advanced vascular and trauma exposures. Many institutions have demonstrated benefits of cadaver laboratory courses. We have incorporated a multimedia cadaver laboratory course into our general surgery residency didactics curriculum with the objective to demonstrate a benefit of the program as well as the feasibility of incorporation. STUDY DESIGN: This is a prospective study at a tertiary care institution including general surgery residents within our residency program...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649899/managers-support-for-employee-wellness-programs-an-integrative-review
#8
Deborah G Passey, Meagan C Brown, Kristen Hammerback, Jeffrey R Harris, Peggy A Hannon
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this integrative literature review is to synthesize the existing evidence regarding managers' support for employee wellness programs. DATA SOURCE: The search utilized multiple electronic databases and libraries. STUDY INCLUSION AND EXCLUSION CRITERIA: Inclusion criteria comprised peer-reviewed research published in English, between 1990 and 2016, and examining managers' support in the context of a worksite intervention...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644467/proficiency-based-preparation-significantly-improves-fes-certification-performance
#9
Angela A Guzzetta, Joshua J Weis, Sara A Hennessy, Ross E Willis, Victor Wilcox, Brian J Dunkin, Deborah C Hogg, Daniel J Scott
BACKGROUND: The Fundamentals of Endoscopic Surgery (FES) certification has recently been mandated by the American Board of Surgery but best methods for preparing for the exam are lacking. Our previous work demonstrated a 40% pass rate for PGY5 residents in our program. The purpose of this study was to determine the effectiveness of a proficiency-based skills and cognitive curriculum for FES certification. METHODS: Residents who agreed to participate (n = 15) underwent an orientation session, followed by skills pre-testing using three previously described models (Trus, Operation targeting task, and Kyoto) as well as the actual FES skills exam (vouchers provided by the FES committee)...
April 11, 2018: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624132/collaboration-in-a-competitive-healthcare-system-negotiation-101-for-clinicians
#10
Robyn Clay-Williams, Andrew Johnson, Paul Lane, Zhicheng Li, Lauren Camilleri, Teresa Winata, Michael Klug
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to evaluate the effectiveness of negotiation training delivered to senior clinicians, managers and executives, by exploring whether staff members implemented negotiation skills in their workplace following the training, and if so, how and when. Design/methodology/approach This is a qualitative study involving face-to-face interviews with 18 senior clinicians, managers and executives who completed a two-day intensive negotiation skills training course. Interviews were transcribed verbatim, and inductive interpretive analysis techniques were used to identify common themes...
April 9, 2018: Journal of Health Organization and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29552340/a-retrospective-analysis-of-the-utility-and-safety-of-kidney-transplant-biopsies-by-nephrology-trainees-and-consultants
#11
Michael E Reschen, Andrea Mazzella, Edward Sharples
Background and aims: Dysfunction of a kidney transplant often requires histological sampling by percutaneous ultrasound-guided core needle biopsy. Transplant biopsy is more specialized than native kidney biopsy, the indications and complications are less well defined and in England are performed mainly by nephrologists. The aims of the study were to evaluate the adequacy and complication rate in living and deceased donor recipients according to training status of the nephrologist, assess the accuracy of physicians in predicting rejection, the threshold creatinine rise for biopsy, and the change in drug management post-biopsy...
April 2018: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29537618/outdoor-physical-activity-for-older-people-the-senior-exercise-park-current-research-challenges-and-future-directions
#12
Pazit Levinger, Myrla Sales, Remco Polman, Terry Haines, Briony Dow, Stuart J H Biddle, Gustavo Duque, Keith D Hill
ISSUE ADDRESSED: Exercising outdoors provide beneficial effect on mental and physical health for all ages. However, few older people exercise outdoors other than walking. While outdoor gyms have become increasingly common in Australia, limited outdoor exercise equipment specifically designed for older people is available in public spaces. We have set up and evaluated a unique purpose-built outdoor exercise park for older people in the community setting and demonstrated positive physical and well-being outcomes associated with the provision of this unique exercise mode and social programme...
March 14, 2018: Health Promotion Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29521776/community-based-academic-level-i-trauma-center-prepares-for-the-2016-republican-national-convention
#13
Judy Keefe, Kathy Cern, Sharon Wiita, Amy Raubenolt, Elizabeth Atkins
Disaster preparedness has come to the forefront for hospitals since the 9/11 attacks in 2001. Many improvements have been made in emergency management and planning for catastrophic events. Both urban and community hospitals have the same responsibilities and commitments to their patients and communities. When the announcement was made that the 2016 Republican National Convention was going to be held in Cleveland, OH, Cleveland Clinic Akron General (CCAG) had to be confident in its abilities to handle any situation that might arise not just as a community hospital but also as a Level I trauma center...
March 2018: Journal of Trauma Nursing: the Official Journal of the Society of Trauma Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29518897/factors-informing-outcomes-for-older-cats-and-dogs-in-animal-shelters
#14
Sloane Hawes, Josephine Kerrigan, Kevin Morris
With advances in veterinary medicine that can increase the lifespan of cats and dogs and the effectiveness of spay/neuter programs in reducing the juvenile population of pets, animal shelters are experiencing an increasing population of older companion animals in their care. The purpose of this study was to assess the factors that inform the outcomes of these older cats and dogs. The sample consisted of 124 cats and 122 dogs that were over the age of 84 months (seven years) who were taken into a shelter over a one-year period...
March 7, 2018: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29518671/impact-of-group-singing-on-older-adult-health-in-senior-living-communities-a-pilot-study
#15
Musetta C Fu, Basia Belza, Huong Nguyen, Rebecca Logsdon, Steven Demorest
PURPOSE: Participating in a group-singing program may be beneficial to healthy aging through engaging in active music-making activities and breathing exercises. The purpose of this study was to assess the feasibility, acceptability, and impact of a 12-week group singing program on cognitive function, lung health and quality of life (QoL) of older adults. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A pre and post-test quasi-experimental design evaluated the impact of a group-singing program on older adult health...
May 2018: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29515458/exercise-arterial-crosstalk-modulation-and-inflammation-in-an-aging-population-the-examin-age-study
#16
Lukas Streese, Arne Deiseroth, Juliane Schäfer, Arno Schmidt-Trucksäss, Henner Hanssen
Background: Age is a key determinant for the development of cardiovascular disease and higher age coincides with an increased prevalence of obesity and physical inactivity. The study examines the influence of physical activity on aging processes of physiological systems focusing on the mechanisms of vascular aging. Methods/Design: The study consists of two parts. The cross-sectional approach aims at examining the association of physical fitness and cardiovascular risk with large and small artery function in healthy older active (HOA, n = 40) and sedentary (HOS, n = 40) persons as well as older sedentary individuals with increased cardiovascular risk (OSR, n = 80) aged 50-80 years...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29514568/evaluation-of-a-diabetes-prevention-program-lifestyle-intervention-in-older-adults-a-randomized-controlled-study-in-three-senior-community-centers-of-varying-socioeconomic-status
#17
M Kaye Kramer, Karl K Vanderwood, Vincent C Arena, Rachel G Miller, Rebecca Meehan, Yvonne L Eaglehouse, Gerald Schafer, Elizabeth M Venditti, Andrea M Kriska
Purpose The purpose of this study is to evaluate the feasibility and effectiveness of an adapted Diabetes Prevention Program (DPP) lifestyle program, DPP Group Lifestyle Balance (GLB), delivered in 3 economically diverse senior/community centers. Methods The DPP-GLB was implemented in 3 senior/community centers in Allegheny County, PA. A 6-month delayed control intervention design was used. Participants were randomized to begin the DPP-GLB immediately (immediate) or after a 6-month delay (delayed). Adults (n = 134; mean age = 62...
April 2018: Diabetes Educator
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29510354/suicidality-posttraumatic-stress-and-depressive-reactions-after-earthquake-and-maltreatment-a-cross-sectional-survey-of-a-random-sample-of-6132-chinese-children-and-adolescents
#18
Wanjie Tang, Jingdong Zhao, Yi Lu, Yuliang Zha, Hao Liu, Yang Sun, Jun Zhang, Yanchun Yang, Jiuping Xu
BACKGROUND: Surviving an earthquake can greatly increase the risk of suicidality among children and adolescents, especially if they experience physical and emotional neglect or abuse within the family after the earthquake. How various types of childhood adversity affect the vulnerability of adolescents to suicidality after exposure to a natural disaster is not well understood. This study examined the relationships among different types of earthquake exposure, childhood trauma, psychopathology and suicidality...
May 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29507260/trial-implementation-of-a-telerehabilitation-exercise-system-in-residential-aged-care
#19
Marie Hutchinson, Neil Wendt, Stuart Trevor Smith
The 2011 Productivity Commission report, Caring for Older Australians, observed that as the number of older Australians rises and the demand for aged care services increases, there will be a commensurate increase in demand for a well-trained aged care workforce. One of the significant issues impacting upon the ability of the aged services sector to respond to a growing number of older adults is to attract and retain sufficient numbers of staff. A number of factors are acknowledged to contribute to a failure of the aged care sector to attract and retain workers including: poor sector reputation, poor working conditions, including high client-staff ratios, a lack of career paths and professional development opportunities and low rates of remuneration...
2018: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29505657/women-s-health-curriculum-for-medical-students
#20
Maryam Sattari, Erinn Cooke, Elizabeth Vorhis, Julia Marshall, Karen Daily
OBJECTIVES: Knowledge of women's health is important for physicians in various specialties, but training often is inadequate. The objective of this project was to develop, implement, and evaluate a women's health curriculum for medical students at the University of Florida College of Medicine in Gainesville. METHODS: After reviewing previous pertinent literature and assessing institutional factors, we developed an interdisciplinary women's health elective for medical students...
March 2018: Southern Medical Journal
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