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Senior wellness programs

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149653/prevalence-of-internet-addiction-and-its-risk-and-protective-factors-in-a-representative-sample-of-senior-high-school-students-in-taiwan
#1
Min-Pei Lin, Jo Yung-Wei Wu, Jianing You, Wei-Hsuan Hu, Cheng-Fang Yen
The aim of this study investigated the prevalence of Internet addiction (IA) in a large representative sample of secondary school students and identified the risk and protective factors. Using a crosssectional design, 2170 participants were recruited from senior high schools throughout Taiwan using both stratified and cluster sampling. The prevalence of IA was 17.4% (95% confidence interval, 15.8%-19.0%). High impulsivity, low refusal self-efficacy of Internet use, high positive outcome expectancy of Internet use, high disapproving attitude of Internet use by others, depressive symptoms, low subjective well-being, high frequency of others' invitation to Internet use, and high virtual social support was all independently predictive in the logistic regression analysis...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148074/salutogenic-healthy-aging-programme-embracement-shape-for-senior-only-households-a-study-protocol
#2
Betsy Seah, Yanika Kowitlawakul, Srinivasan Chokkanathan, Jeane Jin Yi Fong, Geir Arild Espnes, Emily Ang, Wenru Wang
AIMS: To evaluate the effectiveness of a multi-dimensional community-based health promotion and risk prevention program, named Salutogenic Healthy Aging Program Embracement (SHAPE) for senior-only households in Singapore. BACKGROUND: In view of aging population and its significant impacts on economy, societal structure and policy-making, healthy aging emerges as an important concept in maintaining health through the engagement of health-promoting behaviour and risk-prevention actions in older people...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119486/potentially-harmful-medication-use-and-decline-in-health-related-quality-of-life-among-community-dwelling-older-adults
#3
Kenya Ie, Eric Chou, Richard D Boyce, Steven M Albert
BACKGROUND: Several scales to quantify the impact of potentially harmful medications (PHMs) have been shown to predict mortality and functional decline; however, the effect of PHMs on quality of life (QoL) has not been well-studied. OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were to investigate an association between PHM use and change in health-related QoL among community-dwelling older adults, and to compare the predictive capacity of PHM scales. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study using prescription claims data and survey responses...
December 2017: Drugs—Real World Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077518/moderating-effects-of-sexual-orientation-and-gender-characteristic-on-condom-use-intentions-among-boys-senior-high-school-students-in-taiwan-an-exploration-based-on-the-theory-of-planned-behavior
#4
Chien-Mu Cheng, Jiun-Hau Huang
This study examined condom use intentions among adolescent boys in relation to the constructs of the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB): attitude toward the behavior (ATB), subjective norm (SN), and perceived behavioral control (PBC). The potential moderating effects of sexual orientation and gender characteristic (masculine/feminine) were also explored. Anonymous survey data were collected from 929 students enrolled in a boys' senior high school in Taiwan (response rate: 89.9%). Multivariate logistic regression analyses found higher condom use intentions linked to more positive ATB (adjusted odds ratio [AOR] = 8...
October 27, 2017: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29061451/training-neurosurgery-and-radiation-oncology-residents-in-stereotactic-radiosurgery-an-assessment-gathered-from-participants-in-the-aans-and-astro-training-course
#5
Jason Sheehan, John H Suh, Brian Kavanagh, Zhiyuan Xu, Lydia Ren, Kimball Sheehan, L Dade Lunsford
OBJECTIVE: Stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) represents an expanding approach for neurosurgeons and radiation oncologists. We evaluate educational gaps of senior residents drawn from each specialty as part of a focused SRS course. We also evaluate the strengths and limitations of SRS training in current residency programs of the course residents and faculty. METHODS: The AANS and ASTRO jointly held a senior resident course in SRS. Residents were nominated by program directors from across the U...
October 20, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045988/postgraduate-experiences-with-an-advanced-reproductive-health-and-abortion-training-and-leadership-program
#6
Alison Block, Christine Dehlendorf, M Antonia Biggs, Sarah McNeil, Suzan Goodman
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Family physicians are critical to reproductive health service provision including miscarriage management and abortion care, but many graduates report barriers in integrating these services into practice. We designed and implemented CREATE (Continuing Reproductive Education for Advanced Training Efficacy), an elective advanced training and leadership program for senior residents aimed to help new graduates integrate miscarriage and abortion care into practice...
October 2017: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033526/complexity-of-comprehensive-care-treatments-in-undergraduate-dental-programs-the-benefits-of-observing-and-assisting-experienced-faculty-members
#7
Moataz Elgezawi, Khalid Hassan, Adel Alagl, Ahmad M Al-Thobity, Basel Al-Mutairi, Thamir Al-Houtan, Shazia Sadaf
OBJECTIVE: To improve the confidence of the final year dental students in completing occlusal and oral rehabilitation of patients, with complexities beyond their scope, based on full analysis of the biomechanical and esthetic considerations of each case. MATERIAL & METHODS: Two comprehensive patient situations presenting with special difficulties including extensive, reduced vertical dimension of occlusion, limited interocclusal space and maxillary alveolar bone for implant insertion necessitating bone augmentation and a sinus lift surgery was managed by two students at our institute...
October 2017: Saudi Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988955/work-related-quality-of-life-of-us-general-surgery-residents-is-it-really-so-bad
#8
Muhammad H Zubair, Lala R Hussain, Kristen N Williams, Kevin J Grannan
PURPOSE: The quality of working life of US surgical residents has not been studied, and given the complexity of interaction between work and personal life there is a need to assess this interaction. We utilized a validated Work Related Quality of Life (WRQoL) questionnaire to evaluate the perceived work-related quality of life of general surgery residents, using a large, nationally representative sample in the United States. METHODS: Between January 2016 and March 2016, all US general surgery residents enrolled in an ACGME general surgery training program were invited to participate...
October 4, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987895/evaluating-best-educational-practices-student-satisfaction-and-self-confidence-in-simulation-a-descriptive-study
#9
Karen A Zapko, Mary Lou Gemma Ferranto, Rachael Blasiman, Debra Shelestak
BACKGROUND: The National League for Nursing (NLN) has endorsed simulation as a necessary teaching approach to prepare students for the demanding role of professional nursing. Questions arise about the suitability of simulation experiences to educate students. Empirical support for the effect of simulation on patient outcomes is sparse. Most studies on simulation report only anecdotal results rather than data obtained using evaluative tools. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to examine student perception of best educational practices in simulation and to evaluate their satisfaction and self-confidence in simulation...
September 20, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985378/professional-competence-in-a-health-promotion-program-in-the-netherlands
#10
Caroline J M Rijkers-de Boer, Anke Heijsman, Fenna van Nes, Tineke A Abma
Health promotion for senior citizens ('seniors') is an increasingly important factor in health and welfare policy, having important implications for occupational therapy. The health promotion program 'Healthy and Active Aging' originated in the US, has been modified and adapted to the Dutch context and has been implemented in community contexts. This study aimed to generate an in-depth understanding of the Healthy and Active Aging program and to use this knowledge to inform professional practice. A naturalistic case study methodology was followed, using document analysis, observations, interviews and a group interview as data gathering methods...
July 12, 2017: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977373/contextual-factors-for-aging-well-creating-socially-engaging-spaces-through-the-use-of-deliberative-dialogues
#11
Sarah L Canham, Mei Lan Fang, Lupin Battersby, Ryan Woolrych, Judith Sixsmith, Tori Hui Ren, Andrew Sixsmith
Purpose of the Study: Home and community engagement are key contextual factors for aging well, particularly for older adults in vulnerable social positions. A community-based participatory action research project conducted in Western Canada examined how to best use the shared amenity spaces in a low-income seniors' apartment complex in order to connect services and programs with tenants and to provide opportunities for service providers and local stakeholders to build upon and create new relationships toward collaboration and service delivery...
July 25, 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970437/are-we-ready-to-implement-competence-based-teaching-in-pharmacy-education-in-poland
#12
Agnieszka Skowron, Justyna Dymek, Anna Gołda, Wioletta Polak
Pharmacists in Poland are responsible for the dispensing and quality control of pharmaceuticals. The education process in pharmacy is regulated and monitored at the national level. Pharmacy education at Jagiellonian University is organized in a traditional way based on input and content teaching. The aim of the study was to determinate whether the Jagiellonian University curriculum in the Pharmacy program meets the criteria of the European Competence Framework. The mapping of the intended curriculum was done by four academic teachers...
May 9, 2017: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936545/open-tracheostomy-training-a-nationwide-survey-among-otolaryngology-head-and-neck-surgery-residents
#13
Limor Muallem-Kalmovich, Jacob Pitaro, Ayman Asaly, Alex Kessler, Ephraim Eviatar, Moran Shteiner, Tal Marom
The aim of this study was to examine the training methods and needs of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery (OTO-HNS) residents to independently perform open tracheostomy (OT). An anonymous 26-items questionnaire pertaining to OT teaching aspects was distributed to all 93 Israeli OTO-HNS residents during March-June 2016. Residents were categorized as 'juniors,' if they were in their post-graduate year (PGY)-1 and PGY-2; 'mid-residency' (PGY-3 and PGY-4); or 'seniors' (PGY-5 and PGY-6). Response rate was 74% (n = 69)...
September 21, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929943/formal-alternative-transportation-options-for-older-adults-an-assessment-of-need
#14
Joshua J Turner, Carolyn E Adams-Price, Lesley Strawderman
This study measured the need for formal alternative modes of transportation among older adults by applying traditional factors of the Behavioral Model. Survey participants who regularly drove were compared to those who could no longer drive. Race/ethnicity and self-reported health were significant predictors of perceived need for transportation services for both groups. However, income and service awareness were significant predictors only for drivers, while family proximity was a significant predictor only for non-drivers...
September 20, 2017: Journal of Gerontological Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914720/effects-of-corrective-exercise-for-thoracic-hyperkyphosis-on-posture-balance-and-well-being-in-older-women-a-double-blind-group-matched-design
#15
Hyun-Jeong Jang, Lynne C Hughes, Duck-Won Oh, Suhn-Yeop Kim
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to identify the effects of a corrective exercise for thoracic hyperkyphosis on posture, balance, and well-being in Korean community-dwelling older women. METHODS: Fifty women 65 years of age and older, recruited from 2 senior centers, participated in this study. Participants were assigned to either the experimental group (EG) or the control group (CG) on the basis of convenience of location, and 22 in each were analyzed...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895454/the-effectiveness-of-nutritional-education-among-women-aged-60-85-on-the-basis-of-anthropometric-parameters-and-lipid-profiles
#16
Mariola Friedrich, Zuzanna Goluch-Koniuszy
Background: After several years of experience with guiding of an original program on health-promoting nutritional education for women during menopause, which by inducing changes in nutritional behaviour resulted in many favorable health promoting effects, on request of the students of the Association of Third Age University, an original educational program “Comprehensive stimulation of senior citizens to activity” was developed out and implemented. Objective: The objective of this study was to assess the effectiveness of four-month nutritional education and adjustments in diets of women aged 60-85, on the basis of the measurements of the selected lipid parameters in their blood tests Material and methods: This research project was joined by 37 female subjects aged 60-85, who are the members of the University of the Third Age in Szczecin, and whose average BMI was 31...
2017: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894913/european-otorhinolaryngology-training-programs-results-of-a-european-survey-about-training-satisfaction-work-environment-and-conditions-in-six-countries
#17
N Oker, Naif H Alotaibi, A C Reichelt, P Herman, M Bernal-Sprekelsen, Andreas E Albers
ORL-students and residents have an ongoing debate about the "best" programme in Europe. Aim of this study was to comparatively assess differences among programmes in training, satisfaction, quality of life (QoL) of residents and recent otorhinolaryngologist (ORL) specialists in France, Germany, Spain, Italy, Austria, and Belgium. A self-administered anonymous questionnaire, structured in ten sections including general information, provided guidance, working environment, training structure, teaching of medical students, publication work, QoL, and satisfaction with training, were emailed to residents and recent ORL specialists...
November 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876605/trauma-laparoscopy-teaching-an-old-dog-new-tricks
#18
O Matsevych, M Koto, C Aldous
BACKGROUND: Diagnostic laparoscopy is well-accepted in management of penetrating abdominal trauma (PAT) with the rate of missed injuries below 1%. However, there is a reluctance to accept therapeutic laparoscopy in trauma society. The main reason is the lack of laparoscopic skills by trauma surgeons. Moreover, no formal laparoscopy training program for trauma exists. The aim of this study was to discuss the trauma laparoscopy training at our institution. METHOD: All patients managed laparoscopically for PAT from January 2012 to December 2015 were included in the study...
September 2017: South African Journal of Surgery. Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868200/the-open-access-video-collection-project-hernesniemi-s-1001-and-more-microsurgical-videos-of-neurosurgery-a-legacy-for-educational-purposes
#19
Joham Choque-Velasquez, Danil A Kozyrev, Roberto Colasanti, Peeraphong Thiarawat, Patcharin Intarakhao, Behnam Rezai Jahromi, Juha Hernesniemi
BACKGROUND: Neurosurgical educational programs and courses are helpful to improve the quality of training. Moreover, nowadays, online activities may represent a very useful tool to globally enhance neurosurgical education. The "Hernesniemi's 1001 and more microneurosurgical videos" project aims to show the microsurgical style developed by the senior author and his TEAMs in more than 40 years of experience. METHODS: More than 1100 high-definition videos of microneurosurgical operations performed by the senior author were carefully edited...
2017: Surgical Neurology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803073/leadership-development-initiative-growing-global-leaders%C3%A2-advancing-palliative-care
#20
Frank D Ferris, Shannon Y Moore, Mary V Callaway, Kathleen M Foley
The International Palliative Care Leadership Development Initiative (LDI) is a model demonstration project that aimed to expand the global network of palliative care leaders in low and moderate-resource countries who are well positioned to apply their new leadership skills. Thirty-nine palliative medicine physicians from 25 countries successfully completed the 2-year curriculum that included three thematic residential courses, mentorship and site visits by senior global palliative care leaders, and personal projects to apply their new leadership skills...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
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