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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709464/developing-mentorship-in-a-resource-limited-context-a-qualitative-research-study-of-the-experiences-and-perceptions-of-the-makerere-university-student-and-faculty-mentorship-programme
#1
Andrew S Ssemata, Sophia Gladding, Chandy C John, Sarah Kiguli
BACKGROUND: The aim of mentorship is to build the mentees capacity, enhance their skills and improve their ability to produce desired outcomes. However, the mentoring relationship is vulnerable to a number of challenges that may undermine its effectiveness and sustainability. We aimed to explore the experiences and perceptions of student and junior faculty mentees and senior faculty mentors at the Makerere University College of Health Sciences and identify the key factors defined by mentees and mentors as necessary for a successful mentorship program...
July 14, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708414/feasibility-and-acceptability-of-qigong-exercise-in-community-dwelling-older-adults-in-the-united-states
#2
Pei-Shiun Chang, M Tish Knobf, Marjorie Funk, Byeongsang Oh
OBJECTIVES: Qigong exercise has been shown to improve physical and psychological well-being in adults with chronic conditions, but little is known about the feasibility and acceptability of engaging in a qigong exercise program in community-dwelling older adults in the United States. The purpose of this study was to explore the feasibility, acceptance, and adherence to an 8-week qigong exercise intervention in community-dwelling American older adults. DESIGN: An exploratory study design...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705161/entrustment-of-the-on-call-senior-medical-resident-role-implications-for-patient-safety-and-collective-care
#3
Noureen Huda, Lisa Faden, Mark Goldszmidt
BACKGROUND: The on-call responsibilities of a senior medicine resident (SMR) may include the admission transition of patient care on medical teaching teams (MTT), supervision of junior trainees, and ensuring patient safety. In many institutions, there is no standardised assessment of SMR competency prior to granting these on-call responsibilities in internal medicine. In order to fulfill competency based medical education requirements, training programs need to develop assessment approaches to make and defend such entrustment decisions...
July 14, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690941/a-simulation-based-quality-improvement-approach-to-improve-pediatric-resident-competency-with-required-procedures
#4
Michelle Starr, Taylor Sawyer, Maya Jones, Maneesh Batra, Heather McPhillips
INTRODUCTION: Pediatric residents report a lack of confidence and competence with procedural skills at graduation. Training programs could benefit from improved approaches to target these needs. Using the Institute for Healthcare Improvement (IHI) Model for Improvement and three Plan-Do-Study-Act (PDSA) cycles, we examined the impact of a procedure simulation boot camp on self-reported procedural confidence and competence as well as the longitudinal impacts of these sequential interventions on Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) Graduating Resident Survey (GRS) results...
June 3, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685046/comprehensive-review-of-the-evidence-regarding-the-effectiveness-of-community-based-primary-health-care-in-improving-maternal-neonatal-and-child-health-8-summary-and-recommendations-of-the-expert-panel
#5
Robert E Black, Carl E Taylor, Shobha Arole, Abhay Bang, Zulfiqar A Bhutta, A Mushtaque R Chowdhury, Betty R Kirkwood, Nazo Kureshy, Claudio F Lanata, James F Phillips, Mary Taylor, Cesar G Victora, Zonghan Zhu, Henry B Perry
BACKGROUND: The contributions that community-based primary health care (CBPHC) and engaging with communities as valued partners can make to the improvement of maternal, neonatal and child health (MNCH) is not widely appreciated. This unfortunate reality is one of the reasons why so few priority countries failed to achieve the health-related Millennium Development Goals by 2015. This article provides a summary of a series of articles about the effectiveness of CBPHC in improving MNCH and offers recommendations from an Expert Panel for strengthening CBPHC that were formulated in 2008 and have been updated on the basis of more recent evidence...
June 2017: Journal of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683503/focal-breast-lesions-in-clinical-ct-examinations-of-the-chest-a-retrospective-analysis
#6
Kathrin Barbara Krug, Christian Houbois, Olga Grinstein, Jan Borggrefe, Michael Puesken, Bettina Hanstein, Wolfram Malter, David Maintz, Martin Hellmich
Purpose Based on radiological reports, the percentage of breast cancers visualized as incidental findings in routine CT examinations is estimated at ≤ 2 %. In view of the rising number of CT examinations and the high prevalence of breast cancer, it was the goal of the present study to verify the frequency and image morphology of false-negative senological CT findings. Materials and Methods All first contrast-enhanced CT examinations of the chest in adult female patients carried out in 2012 were retrospectively included...
July 6, 2017: RöFo: Fortschritte Auf Dem Gebiete der Röntgenstrahlen und der Nuklearmedizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658967/bridging-the-ocean-kiribati-australia-alliance-in-mental-health
#7
Brigid Ryan, Manrenga Viane, Fran Timmins, Alex Smith, Claire Anstey
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to demonstrate the benefits of collaboration between Australia and Kiribati, a Pacific island nation, to enhance Kiribati's mental health system. METHOD: The collaboration involved a training program for a Kiribati senior mental health leader in Melbourne, Australia, and service planning including prioritisation of key areas for development. RESULTS: As well as receiving general training in community-based mental health, the Kiribati mental health leader gained skills in modification of the inpatient environment, with plans for implementation in Kiribati within the current limited resources...
June 1, 2017: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641444/toward-mentoring-in-palliative-social-work-a-narrative-review-of-mentoring-programs-in-social-work
#8
Ying Pin Toh, R Karthik, Chia Chia Teo, Sarasvathy Suppiah, Siew Li Cheung, Lalit Krishna
BACKGROUND: Mentoring by an experienced practitioner enhances professional well-being, promotes resilience, and provides a means of addressing poor job satisfaction and high burnout rates among medical social workers. This is a crucial source of support for social workers working in fields with high risk of compassion fatigue and burnout like palliative care. Implementing such a program, however, is hindered by differences in understanding and application of mentoring practice. AIM: This narrative review of mentoring practice in social work seeks to identify key elements and common approaches within successful mentoring programs in social work that could be adapted to guide the design of new mentoring programs in medical social work...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Hospice & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633502/promoting-seniors-health-with-home-care-aides-a-pilot
#9
Naoko Muramatsu, Lijuan Yin, Michael L Berbaum, David X Marquez, Donald A Jurivich, Joseph P Zanoni, Katya Y Cruz Madrid, Surrey M Walton
Purpose: Regular physical activity (PA) benefits older adults. However, frail older adults lack opportunities to be physically active. This pilot study aimed to test and enhance the feasibility of a PA program delivered by home care aides (HCAs) for community-dwelling older adults in a Medicaid-funded home care setting and to generate preliminary efficacy and cost data. Design and Methods: HCAs were trained to deliver a brief motivational enhancement and three chair-bound movements to motivate their older clients to do PA daily and to help maintain their independence in the community...
June 17, 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624060/speed-dating-for-mentors-a-novel-approach-to-mentor-mentee-pairing-in-surgical-residency
#10
Akia D Caine, Jacob Schwartzman, Anastasia Kunac
BACKGROUND: Resident-resident mentoring offers significant benefits. Previous works have shown that the quality of the mentorship pairing is important, but techniques of pairing have seldom been described. We describe a system for mentor-mentee pairing that we call "Speed Dating for Mentors" (SDM). METHODS: The SDM activity took place in an academic general surgery residency program in the Northeast. Senior residents met with junior residents (JR) in 90-second intervals...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607940/orthopaedic-resident-preparation-and-confidence-in-treating-on-field-injuries
#11
Jonathan D Hodax, Andrew D Sobel, Steven DeFroda, Alison B Chambers, Michael J Hulstyn
BACKGROUND: Orthopaedic surgery residents may cover athletic events, although the training provided to prepare residents for this role and oversight from attending physicians during these activities is not well understood. PURPOSE: To survey orthopaedic residents about the training provided by their residency program for on-field athletic coverage and to understand their levels of preparation for this role and confidence in treating commonly encountered on-field conditions...
May 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549928/speed-mentoring-an-innovative-method-to-meet-the-needs-of-the-young-surgeon
#12
Rebecca C Britt, Amy N Hildreth, Shannon N Acker, Nicolas J Mouawad, Joshua Mammen, Jacob Moalem
OBJECTIVE: Speed mentoring has recently been used by several medical organizations as a strategy to establish mentoring relationships, which are felt to be critically important in the development of the surgeon. This study assesses a surgical speed-mentoring program at the 2015 American College of Surgeons (ACS) Clinical Congress. DESIGN: A steering committee designed the speed-mentoring program to match 60 ACS Resident and Associate Society mentees with a mix of junior and senior leadership of ACS...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535792/caught-between-a-rock-and-a-hard-place-mental-health-of-migrant-live-in-caregivers-in-canada
#13
Mandana Vahabi, Josephine Pui-Hing Wong
BACKGROUND: Canada depends on Temporary Foreign Workers (TFWs), also known as migrant workers, to fill labour shortage in agriculture, hospitality, construction, child/senior care, and other low-skilled occupations. Evidence shows that TFWs, especially women live-in caregivers (LC), constitute a vulnerable population. Their health is compromised by the precarious and harsh working and living conditions they encounter. There is a paucity of research on the mental health of LCs, their support systems and access to mental health services...
May 23, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505477/knowledge-behavioral-practices-and-experiences-of-outdoor-fallers-implications-for-prevention-programs
#14
Tracy Chippendale, Victoria Raveis
OBJECTIVE: Although the epidemiology and prevention of falls has been well studied, the focus has been on indoor rather than outdoor falls. Older adults' knowledge of outdoor risk factors and their outdoor fall prevention practices have not been examined. To fill this gap, and to inform the development of a prevention program, we sought to explore the experiences and fall prevention knowledge and practices of older adults who had sustained an outdoor fall. METHODS: A cross-sectional study using random digit telephone dialing was used to survey community dwelling seniors (N=120) across the five boroughs of New York City...
May 6, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468665/initiating-an-undiagnosed-diseases-program-in-the-western-australian-public-health-system
#15
Gareth Baynam, Stephanie Broley, Alicia Bauskis, Nicholas Pachter, Fiona McKenzie, Sharron Townshend, Jennie Slee, Cathy Kiraly-Borri, Anand Vasudevan, Anne Hawkins, Lyn Schofield, Petra Helmholz, Richard Palmer, Stefanie Kung, Caroline E Walker, Caron Molster, Barry Lewis, Kym Mina, John Beilby, Gargi Pathak, Cathryn Poulton, Tudor Groza, Andreas Zankl, Tony Roscioli, Marcel E Dinger, John S Mattick, William Gahl, Stephen Groft, Cynthia Tifft, Domenica Taruscio, Paul Lasko, Kenjiro Kosaki, Helene Wilhelm, Bela Melegh, Jonathan Carapetis, Sayanta Jana, Gervase Chaney, Allison Johns, Peter Wynn Owen, Frank Daly, Tarun Weeramanthri, Hugh Dawkins, Jack Goldblatt
BACKGROUND: New approaches are required to address the needs of complex undiagnosed diseases patients. These approaches include clinical genomic diagnostic pipelines, utilizing intra- and multi-disciplinary platforms, as well as specialty-specific genomic clinics. Both are advancing diagnostic rates. However, complementary cross-disciplinary approaches are also critical to address those patients with multisystem disorders who traverse the bounds of multiple specialties and remain undiagnosed despite existing intra-specialty and genomic-focused approaches...
May 3, 2017: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464902/students-helping-students-vertical-peer-mentoring-to-enhance-the-medical-school-experience
#16
Christine Andre, Jessica Deerin, Luci Leykum
BACKGROUND: Effective mentoring is an important component of medical student professional development. We provide a description of the mentoring program at our institution. METHODS: Our institution UTHSCSA implemented a student-advising program (Veritas) with clinical faculty mentors and senior students (MiMs). The MiMs provided vertical peer mentoring to more junior students as an adjunct to faculty advising. The MiMs lead small group discussions that foster camaraderie, share academic and career information and promote professional identity...
May 2, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446165/knowledge-exchange-in-the-pacific-outcomes-of-the-tropic-translational-research-for-obesity-prevention-in-communities-project
#17
Peter Kremer, Helen Mavoa, Gade Waqa, Marjory Moodie, Marita McCabe, Boyd Swinburn
BACKGROUND: The Pacific TROPIC (Translational Research for Obesity Prevention in Communities) project aimed to design, implement and evaluate a knowledge-broking approach to evidence-informed policy making to address obesity in Fiji. This paper reports on the quantitative evaluation of the knowledge-broking intervention through assessment of participants' perceptions of evidence use and development of policy/advocacy briefs. METHODS: Selected staff from six organizations - four government Ministries and two nongovernment organizations (NGOs) - participated in the project...
April 26, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431554/a-need-to-accelerate-health-research-productivity-in-an-african-university-the-case-of-makerere-university-college-of-health-sciences
#18
Damalie Nakanjako, Dickens Akena, Dan K Kaye, James Tumwine, Elialilia Okello, Annettee Nakimuli, Andrew Kambugu, Hazel McCullough, Harriet Mayanja-Kizza, Moses R Kamya, Nelson K Sewankambo
BACKGROUND: In the last decade, Makerere University College of Health Sciences (MakCHS) has taken strides in research and training to improve healthcare through collaborative training and research programs. However, there is limited data on the trends of MakCHS faculty contributions to research and on faculty growth to take leading roles in health research. This paper reviews MakCHS faculty research publications over 15.5 years and outlines possible strategies to enhance faculty research outputs...
April 21, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28373835/no-evidence-that-short-term-cognitive-or-physical-training-programs-or-lifestyles-are-related-to-changes-in-white-matter-integrity-in-older-adults-at-risk-of-dementia
#19
Patrick Fissler, Hans-Peter Müller, Olivia C Küster, Daria Laptinskaya, Franka Thurm, Alexander Woll, Thomas Elbert, Jan Kassubek, Christine A F von Arnim, Iris-Tatjana Kolassa
Cognitive and physical activities can benefit cognition. However, knowledge about the neurobiological mechanisms underlying these activity-induced cognitive benefits is still limited, especially with regard to the role of white matter integrity (WMI), which is affected in cognitive aging and Alzheimer's disease. To address this knowledge gap, we investigated the immediate and long-term effects of cognitive or physical training on WMI, as well as the association between cognitive and physical lifestyles and changes in WMI over a 6-month period...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28353505/changes-in-resident-well-being-at-one-institution-across-a-decade-of-progressive-work-hours-limitations
#20
Michael F Krug, Anna L Golob, Pandora L Wander, Joyce E Wipf
PURPOSE: To measure changes in markers of resident well-being over time as progressive work hours limitations (WHLs) were enforced, and to investigate resident perceptions of the 2011 WHLs. METHOD: A survey study of internal medicine residents was conducted at the University of Washington's multihospital residency program in 2012. The survey included validated well-being questions: the Maslach Burnout Inventory, the two-question PRIME-MD depression screen, and career satisfaction questions...
March 28, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
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