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Senior wellness programs

Arnaldina Sampaio, Elisa A Marques, Jorge Mota, Joana Carvalho
This study examined the effect of a Multicomponent Training (MT) intervention on cognitive function, functional fitness and anthropometric variables in institutionalized patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD). Thirty-seven institutionalized elders (84.05 ± 5.58 years) clinically diagnosed with AD (mild and moderate stages) were divided into two groups: Experimental Group (EG, n = 19) and Control Group (CG, n = 18). The EG participated in a six-month supervised MT program (aerobic, muscular resistance, flexibility and postural exercises) of 45-55 minutes/session, twice/week...
October 18, 2016: Dementia
Lisa Dolovich, Giulia Consiglio, Linda MacKeigan, Lusine Abrahamyan, Petros Pechlivanoglou, Valeria E Rac, Nedzad Pojskic, Elizabeth A Bojarski, Jiandong Su, Murray Krahn, Suzanne M Cadarette
BACKGROUND: MedsCheck Annual (MCA) is an Ontario government-funded medication review service for individuals taking 3 or more prescription medications for chronic conditions. METHODS: This cohort study analyzed linked administrative claims data from April 1, 2007, to March 31, 2013. Trends in MCA claims and recipient characteristics were examined. RESULTS: A total of 1,498,440 Ontarians (55% seniors, 55% female) received an MCA. One-third (36%) had 2 or more MCAs within 6 years...
September 2016: Canadian Pharmacists Journal: CPJ, Revue des Pharmaciens du Canada: RPC
Lars Donath, Ralf Roth, Lukas Zahner, Oliver Faude
BACKGROUND: Adequate static and dynamic balance performance is an important prerequisite during daily and sporting life. Various traditional and innovative balance training concepts have been suggested to improve postural control or neuromuscular fall risk profiles over recent years. Whether slackline training (balancing over narrow nylon ribbons) serves as an appropriate training strategy to improve static and dynamic balance performance is as yet unclear. OBJECTIVE: The aim was to examine the occurrence and magnitude of effects of slackline training compared with an inactive control condition on static and dynamic balance performance parameters in children, adults and seniors...
October 4, 2016: Sports Medicine
David J T Campbell, Marcello Tonelli, Brenda Hemmelgarn, Chad Mitchell, Ross Tsuyuki, Noah Ivers, Tavis Campbell, Raj Pannu, Eric Verkerke, Scott Klarenbach, Kathryn King-Shier, Peter Faris, Derek Exner, Vikas Chaubey, Braden Manns
BACKGROUND: Chronic diseases result in significant morbidity and costs. Although medications and lifestyle changes are effective for improving outcomes in chronic diseases, many patients do not receive these treatments, in part because of financial barriers, patient and provider-level knowledge gaps, and low patient motivation. The Assessing outcomes of enhanced chronic disease care through patient education and a value-based formulary study (ACCESS) will determine the impact of two interventions: (1) a value-based formulary which eliminates copayment for high-value preventive medications; and (2) a comprehensive self-management support program aimed at promoting health behavior change and medication adherence, combined with relay of information on medication use to healthcare providers, on cardiovascular events and/or mortality in low-income seniors with elevated cardiovascular risk...
September 26, 2016: Implementation Science: IS
Jonathan C Barnwell, Jason J Halvorson, Robert D Teasdall, Eben A Carroll
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate orthopedic resident perceptions of a didactic curriculum presented in traditional and case-based formats. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study using anonymous web-based survey after each conference evaluating resident perceptions of faculty participation, didactic delivery, content, and overall conference value. Conferences were structured as primarily case-based or traditional lecture. Logistic analysis was performed to determine factors predictive of rating a conference as valuable time spent...
September 20, 2016: Journal of Surgical Education
T Saller, V V Dossow, K Hofmann-Kiefer
BACKGROUND: Delirium is a common complication in critical care. The syndrome is often underestimated due to its potentially no less dangerous course as a hypoactive delirium. Therefore, current guidelines ask for a structured, regular and routine screening in all intensive care units. If delirium is diagnosed, symptomatic therapy should be initiated promptly. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the current study was to evaluate recent German anesthetists' strategies regarding delirium care compared to the German guidelines for sedation and delirium in intensive care...
October 2016: Der Anaesthesist
Fuzhong Li, Peter Harmer, Kathleen Fitzgerald
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the impact of implementing an evidence-based fall prevention intervention in community senior centers. METHODS: We used a single-group design to evaluate the Tai Ji Quan: Moving for Better Balance (TJQMBB) program's adoption, population reach, implementation, effectiveness, and maintenance among 36 senior centers in 4 Oregon counties between 2012 and 2016. The primary outcome measure, as part of the effectiveness evaluation, was number of falls as ascertained by self-report...
November 2016: American Journal of Public Health
Kaigang Li, Bruce Simons-Morton, Benjamin Gee, Ralph Hingson
INTRODUCTION: Driving while impaired (DWI) increases the risk of a motor vehicle crash by impairing performance. Few studies have examined the prevalence and predictors of marijuana, alcohol, and drug-specific DWI among emerging adults. METHODS: The data from wave 3 (W3, high school seniors, 2012, N=2407) and wave 4 (W4, one year after high school, N=2178) of the NEXT Generation Health Study with a nationally representative cohort. W4 DWI (≥1day of past 30days) was specified for alcohol-specific, marijuana-specific, alcohol/marijuana-combined, illicit drug-related DWI...
September 2016: Journal of Safety Research
Evamaria Müller, Pola Hahlweg, Isabelle Scholl
BACKGROUND: Shared decision making (SDM) is particularly relevant in oncology, where complex treatment options with varying side effects may lead to meaningful changes in the patient's quality of life. For several years, health policies have called for the implementation of SDM, but SDM remains poorly implemented in routine clinical practice. Implementation science has highlighted the importance of assessing stakeholders' needs to inform the development of implementation programs. Thus, the aim of the present study was to assess different stakeholders' needs regarding the implementation of SDM in routine care...
September 8, 2016: Acta Oncologica
Ron Bowles, Gregory S Anderson, Colleen Vaughan
The Building Resilient Communities Workshop was hosted and organized by the Justice Institute of British Columbia, with the support of Emergency Management British Columbia and the Canadian Safety and Security Program, Defence Research and Development Canada, Centre for Security Science. Thirty-four participants from multiple levels of government, senior practitioners, policy makers, academia, community members, and a variety of agencies disseminated knowledge and developed concrete strategies and priority actions areas for supporting ongoing and emerging initiatives in community and disaster resilience planning...
July 2016: Journal of Emergency Management: JEM
Mary E Northridge, Susan S Kum, Bibhas Chakraborty, Ariel Port Greenblatt, Stephen E Marshall, Hua Wang, Carol Kunzel, Sara S Metcalf
This study extends the concept of third places to include community sites where older adults gather, often for meals or companionship. The Consolidated Framework for Implementation Research guided program implementation and evaluation. Depending upon health promotion program needs, the physical infrastructure of a site is important, but a supportive director (champion) can often overcome identified deficits. Senior centers may be locally classified into four types based upon eligibility requirements of residents in affiliated housing and services offered...
October 2016: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
Myrla Sales, Remco Polman, Keith D Hill, Pazit Levinger
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the feasibility, effectiveness, and short-term effects of an exercise intervention using a novel exercise park in improving seniors' balance, physical function, and quality of life. METHOD: Randomized controlled trial with pre- and post-intervention design (baseline and 18-week intervention) was used. Outcome measures included measures of balance, strength, and function, as well as quality of life and fear of falling. MANCOVA was used to assess differences between groups (control and exercise intervention) over time...
August 9, 2016: Journal of Aging and Health
Catherine B Meador, Bobak Parang, Melissa A Musser, Rachana Haliyur, David A Owens, Terence S Dermody
Leadership skills are essential for a successful career as a physician-scientist, yet many MD-PhD training programs do not offer formal training in leadership. The Vanderbilt Medical Scientist Training Program (MSTP) previously established a 2-day leadership workshop that has been held biennially since 2006 for students in the first and second years of the graduate school portion of combined MD and PhD training (G1/G2 students). Workshop attendees have consistently rated this workshop as a highly effective experience...
2016: Medical Education Online
Yohei Otaka, Mitsuo Morita, Toshio Mimura, Mitsuyoshi Uzawa, Meigen Liu
AIM: To identify an appropriate community-based fall prevention program METHODS: We introduced two programs to 24 senior centers, "community salons," in a Japanese city, and carried out a prospective controlled trial between 2004 and 2005. Eight salons (185 participants aged 72.0 ± 7.1 years) received a single-visit program consisting of one multidisciplinary team visit that included fall risk assessment with feedback and a fall prevention lecture. A total of 16 salons (418 participants aged 73...
August 5, 2016: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
(no author information available yet)
There's never been a more exciting time to be involved with health informatics. In the last few decades, health informaticians have established the knowledge base and practical expertise to facilitate the development of ever-more capable technical systems, increasing connectivity, expanding access and greater mobility of e-health and information management systems. We have seen the evolution from simple computer based records to systems that allow intra-organisational, national, even international communication and information exchange...
2016: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
Laura V Minard, Amber Corkum, Ingrid Sketris, Judith Fisher, Ying Zhang, Ahmed Saleh
PURPOSE: To examine HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor (statin) drug dispensing patterns to Nova Scotia Seniors' Pharmacare program (NSSPP) beneficiaries over a 14-year period in response to: 1) rosuvastatin market entry in 2003, 2) JUPITER trial publication in 2008, and 3) generic atorvastatin availability in 2010. METHODS: All NSSPP beneficiaries who redeemed at least one prescription for a statin from April 1, 1999 to March 31, 2013 were included. Aggregated, anonymous monthly prescription counts were extracted by the Nova Scotia Department of Health and Wellness (Nova Scotia, Canada) and changes in dispensing patterns of statins were measured...
2016: PloS One
Helen Christou, Maria Lv Dizon, Kathryn N Farrow, Sudarshan R Jadcherla, Kristen T Leeman, Akhil Maheshwari, Lewis P Rubin, Brian K Stansfield, David H Rowitch
Understanding mechanisms of childhood disease and development of rational therapeutics are fundamental to progress in pediatric intensive care specialties. However, Division Chiefs and Department Chairs face unique challenges when building effective laboratory-based research programs in Neonatal and Pediatric Intensive Care, owing to high clinical demands necessary to maintain competence as well as financial pressures arising from fund flow models and the current extramural funding climate. Given these factors, the role of institutional support that could facilitate successful transition of promising junior faculty to independent research careers is ever more important...
July 19, 2016: Pediatric Research
Germine El-Kassas, Fouad Ziade
University students may experience significant environmental changes that exert a negative influence on the quality of their diet and lifestyle. There is scarcity of data concerning the dietary and lifestyle behaviors and weight status of students in the health field in North Lebanon. To investigate these data, a cross-sectional survey was conducted including 369 health sciences students aged 18-25 chosen from four public and private universities in North Lebanon. Data were collected using a standardized interview questionnaire to determine sociodemographic, dietary, and lifestyle behaviors, appetite changes, stress related dietary behaviors, and food cravings, as well as self-perceptions of dietary adequacy, physical activity levels, and weight status...
2016: BioMed Research International
Andrew Moeller, Jordan Webber, Ian Epstein
BACKGROUND: Resident duty hours have recently been under criticism, with concerns for resident and patient well-being. Historically, call shifts have been long, and some residency training programs have now restricted shift lengths. Data and opinions about the effects of such restrictions are conflicting. The Internal Medicine Residency Program at Dalhousie University recently moved from a traditional call structure to a day float/night float system. This study evaluated how this change in duty hours affected resident perceptions in several key domains...
2016: BMC Medical Education
Joanna Kapusta, Anna Kapusta, Lucjan Pawlicki, Robert Irzmański
UNLABELLED: Diseases of the cardiovascular system is one of the most common causes of death among people over 65 years. Due to its course and incidence are a major cause of disability and impaired quality of life for seniors, as well as a serious economic problem in health care. Important role in the prevention of cardiovascular disease plays making systematic physical activity, which is a component of any rehabilitation program. Regular physical training by doing cardio-and vasoprotective has a beneficial effect on cardiovascular status and physical performance in patients with diagnosed coronary heart disease, regardless of age...
June 2016: Polski Merkuriusz Lekarski: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
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