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Pregnancy mental health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338760/childhood-maltreatment-and-young-adulthood-hallucinations-delusional-experiences-and-psychosis-a-longitudinal-study
#1
Amanuel Alemu Abajobir, Steve Kisely, James G Scott, Gail Williams, Alexandra Clavarino, Lane Strathearn, Jake Moses Najman
Child maltreatment is a widespread public health problem associated with a range of mental health disorders later in life. In order to effectively address these disorders, there is a need to understand more about the mental health consequences of different types of child maltreatment. This study examines the associations between prospectively substantiated child maltreatment (ages 0-14 y) and reports of hallucinations and delusional experiences at 21 years after birth. As well, we examined 12-month and lifetime psychotic disorders using data from a longitudinal birth cohort...
January 30, 2017: Schizophrenia Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330405/the-fukushima-nuclear-accident-affected-mothers-depression-but-not-maternal-confidence
#2
Aya Goto, Evelyn J Bromet, Misao Ota, Akira Ohtsuru, Seiji Yasumura, Keiya Fujimori
The Fukushima nuclear power plant accident caused widespread radiation contamination. Mothers of young children were at risk of negative emotional and mental health consequences. Using data from 2 independent prefecture-wide surveys of pregnant women, we examined the associations of disaster-related stressors with both maternal self-confidence and depressive symptoms. Two postal surveys were conducted targeting women who registered their pregnancies in Fukushima Prefecture (n = 6686 in 2012 and n = 6423 in 2013)...
March 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330402/fukushima-mothers-concerns-and-associated-factors-after-the-fukushima-nuclear-power-plant-disaster
#3
Shinya Ito, Aya Goto, Kayoko Ishii, Misao Ota, Seiji Yasumura, Keiya Fujimori
This study aimed to clarify the frequency of and temporal changes in the content of mothers' free written opinions obtained in the Fukushima Health Management Survey Pregnancy and Birth Survey from 2011 to 2013. A self-administered questionnaire was mailed to women who delivered babies in Fukushima Prefecture. The questionnaire asked about maternal and child health. Expression of mothers' concerns about radiation decreased over time. Common to the top 5 codes across the 3 years were "radiation effect on fetus and infant" and "information provision including survey results...
March 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330401/pregnancy-and-birth-survey-of-the-fukushima-health-management-survey
#4
Kayoko Ishii, Aya Goto, Misao Ota, Seiji Yasumura, Keiya Fujimori
The Pregnancy and Birth Survey was started by Fukushima Medical University as part of the Fukushima Health Management Survey in 2011 in order to assess the physical and mental health of mothers and provide parenting support (telephone counseling) for those in need. The present study reviewed the major findings from 4 annual surveys conducted from 2011 to 2014. Overall proportions of preterm deliveries, low birth weight infants, and congenital anomalies in the first year were almost the same as those in national surveillance data...
March 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322424/perinatal-mental-disorders-in-switzerland-prevalence-estimates-and-use-of-mental-health-services
#5
Anke Berger, Nicole Bachmann, Andri Signorell, Rebekka Erdin, Stephan Oelhafen, Oliver Reich, Eva Cignacco
BACKGROUND: Perinatal mental disorders (PMDs) are the most common complication of pregnancy and the first postpartum year. Since PMD prevalence and use of mental-health services by perinatal women in Switzerland are unknown, we analysed existing health statistics. METHODS: We used statistics from a large health insurance company, hospitals and freelance midwives. We assessed the annual rates of mental-healthcare use in perinatal women (n = 13 969). We ascertained the annual rates of PMD treatment in obstetric inpatients (n = 89 699), and annual rates of PMD records by freelance midwives (n = 57 951)...
March 21, 2017: Swiss Medical Weekly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320789/-right-home-a-randomised-controlled-trial-of-sustained-nurse-home-visiting-from-pregnancy-to-child-age-2%C3%A2-years-versus-usual-care-to-improve-parent-care-parent-responsivity-and-the-home-learning-environment-at-2%C3%A2-years
#6
Sharon Goldfeld, Anna Price, Hannah Bryson, Tracey Bruce, Fiona Mensah, Francesca Orsini, Lisa Gold, Harriet Hiscock, Charlene Smith, Lara Bishop, Dianne Jackson, Lynn Kemp
INTRODUCTION: By the time children start school, inequities in learning, development and health outcomes are already evident. Sustained nurse home visiting (SNHV) offers a potential platform for families experiencing adversity, who often have limited access to services. While SNHV programmes have been growing in popularity in Australia and internationally, it is not known whether they can improve children's learning and development when offered via the Australian service system. The right@home trial aims to investigate the effectiveness of an SNHV programme, offered to women from pregnancy to child age 2 years, in improving parent care of and responsivity to the child, and the home learning environment...
March 20, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295159/first-and-second-trimester-serum-tests-with-and-without-first-trimester-ultrasound-tests-for-down-s-syndrome-screening
#7
REVIEW
S Kate Alldred, Yemisi Takwoingi, Boliang Guo, Mary Pennant, Jonathan J Deeks, James P Neilson, Zarko Alfirevic
BACKGROUND: Down's syndrome occurs when a person has three copies of chromosome 21 (or the specific area of chromosome 21 implicated in causing Down's syndrome) rather than two. It is the commonest congenital cause of mental disability. Non-invasive screening based on biochemical analysis of maternal serum or urine, or fetal ultrasound measurements, allows estimates of the risk of a pregnancy being affected and provides information to guide decisions about definitive testing.  Before agreeing to screening tests, parents need to be fully informed about the risks, benefits and possible consequences of such a test...
March 15, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295158/first-trimester-ultrasound-tests-alone-or-in-combination-with-first-trimester-serum-tests-for-down-s-syndrome-screening
#8
REVIEW
S Kate Alldred, Yemisi Takwoingi, Boliang Guo, Mary Pennant, Jonathan J Deeks, James P Neilson, Zarko Alfirevic
BACKGROUND: Down's syndrome occurs when a person has three, rather than two copies of chromosome 21; or the specific area of chromosome 21 implicated in causing Down's syndrome. It is the commonest congenital cause of mental disability and also leads to numerous metabolic and structural problems. It can be life-threatening, or lead to considerable ill health, although some individuals have only mild problems and can lead relatively normal lives. Having a baby with Down's syndrome is likely to have a significant impact on family life...
March 15, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292458/treating-youths-in-the-juvenile-justice-system
#9
REVIEW
Ann L Sattler
Adolescents involved with the juvenile justice system have higher rates of risky sexual behaviors, resulting in high rates of sexually transmitted infections and increased risk of human immunodeficiency virus, early or complicated pregnancy, and parenting issues. Comorbid substance abuse, gang association, mental health issues, and history of having been abused as children result in further elevated rates. Girls and lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender youths represent growing subpopulations with special risks...
April 2017: Pediatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291588/discharge-against-medical-advice-in-the-united-states-2002-2011
#10
Kiara K Spooner, Jason L Salemi, Hamisu M Salihu, Roger J Zoorob
OBJECTIVE: To describe the national frequency, prevalence, and trends of discharge against medical advice (DAMA) among inpatient hospitalizations in the United States and identify differences across patient- and hospital-level characteristics, overall and in clinically distinct diagnostic subgroups. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We conducted a retrospective, cross-sectional analysis of inpatient hospitalizations (≥18 years), discharged between January 1, 2002, and December 31, 2011, using the Nationwide Inpatient Sample...
March 10, 2017: Mayo Clinic Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290645/preventive-health-care-for-women-who-have-sex-with-women
#11
Daniel A Knight, Diane Jarrett
Despite recent shifts in societal attitudes toward same-sex relationships, women who have sex with women face a variety of barriers to optimal health, including a history of negatively perceived interactions in clinical settings that lead them to delay or avoid health care. Women who have sex with women may be at disproportionate risk of obesity, tobacco use, substance use, mental health issues, intimate partner violence, sexually transmitted infections, and some cancers. Disparities can exist throughout the lifetime...
March 1, 2017: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287019/effect-of-prenatal-restraint-stress-and-morphine-co-administration-on-plasma-vasopressin-concentration-and-anxiety-behaviors-in-adult-rat-offspring
#12
Elnaz Nakhjiri, Ehsan Saboory, Shiva Roshan-Milani, Yousef Rasmi, Davod Khalafkhani
Stressful events and exposure to opiates during gestation have important effects on the later mental health of the offspring. Anxiety is among the most common mental disorders. The present study aimed to identify effects of prenatal restraint stress and morphine co-administration on plasma vasopressin concentration (PVC) and anxiety behaviors in rats. Pregnant rats were divided into four groups (n = 6, each): saline, morphine, stress+saline and stress+morphine treatment. The stress procedure consisted of restraint twice per day, two hours per session, for three consecutive days starting on day 15 of pregnancy...
March 12, 2017: Stress: the International Journal on the Biology of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283944/anticipated-negative-police-youth-encounters-and-depressive-symptoms-among-pregnant-african-american-women-a-brief-report
#13
Fleda Mask Jackson, Sherman A James, Tracy Curry Owens, Alpha F Bryant
The widely publicized violent encounters between police and African American youth have unknown consequences for the emotional and mental health of pregnant African American women. Since studies document the hypervigilance black mothers exert to protect children from violence and racism and findings also reveal the association between racial and gendered stress (which includes parenting stressors) and depressive symptoms during pregnancy, an examination of the effects of stress from anticipated negative experiences between black youth and police on maternal mental health is warranted...
March 10, 2017: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280395/residential-greenness-current-perspectives-on-its-impact-on-maternal-health-and-pregnancy-outcomes
#14
REVIEW
Rachel F Banay, Carla P Bezold, Peter James, Jaime E Hart, Francine Laden
Recent research in environmental epidemiology has attempted to estimate the effects of exposure to nature, often operationalized as vegetation, on health. Although many analyses have focused on vegetation or greenness with regard to physical activity and weight status, an incipient area of interest concerns maternal health and birth outcomes. This paper reviews 14 studies that examined the association between greenness and maternal or infant health. Most studies were cross-sectional and conducted in birth cohorts...
2017: International Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278018/-i-just-feel-like-i-am-broken-i-am-the-worst-pregnant-woman-ever-a-qualitative-exploration-of-the-at-odds-experience-of-women-s-antenatal-distress
#15
Aleksandra A Staneva, Fiona Bogossian, Alina Morawska, Anja Wittkowski
Advances in perinatal mental health research have provided valuable insights around risk factors for the overall development of maternal distress. However, there is still a limited understanding of the experience of women struggling emotionally during pregnancy. We explored how women view, experience, and interpret psychological distress antenatally. Eighteen Australian women participated in in-depth interviews that were analyzed thematically within a critical realist theoretical framework. We present and situate the current findings within the dominant discourse of the good mother, which arguably promotes guilt and stigma and results in women self-labeling as bad mothers...
February 21, 2017: Health Care for Women International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275045/food-insecurity-and-mental-health-an-analysis-of-routine-primary-care-data-of-pregnant-women-in-the-born-in-bradford-cohort
#16
Madeleine Power, Eleonora Uphoff, Brian Kelly, Kate E Pickett
BACKGROUND: Since 2008, use of food banks has risen sharply in the UK; however, evidence on the epidemiology of UK food insecurity is sparse. The aim of this study was to describe the trajectory of common mental disorder across the pre-pregnancy, pregnancy and postnatal period for food secure compared with food insecure women. METHODS: Data from the Born in Bradford (BiB) cohort, the nested BiB1000 study and primary care records were linked based on National Health Service (NHS) numbers...
April 2017: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272924/imprinting-of-maternal-thyroid-hormones-in-the-offspring
#17
María Cecilia Opazo, Henny Haensgen, Karen Bohmwald, Luis F Venegas, Helene Boudin, Alvaro A Elorza, Felipe Simon, Carlos Fardella, Susan M Bueno, Alexis M Kalergis, Claudia A Riedel
Thyroid hormones (THs) during pregnancy contribute significantly to cellular differentiation and development in several tissues of the offspring, principally the central nervous system (CNS). TH deficiencies, such as hypothyroidism or hypothyroxinemia, are highly frequent during pregnancy worldwide and known to be detrimental for the development of the fetus. The function of CNS in the offspring gestated under TH deficiency will be irreversible impaired, causing low intellectual quotient, attention deficit, and mental retardation...
March 8, 2017: International Reviews of Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264692/a-three-component-cognitive-behavioural-lifestyle-program-for-preconceptional-weight-loss-in-women-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-pcos-a-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
G Jiskoot, S H Benneheij, A Beerthuizen, J E de Niet, C de Klerk, R Timman, J J Busschbach, J S E Laven
BACKGROUND: Obesity in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) negatively affects all clinical features, and a 5 to 10% weight loss has shown promising results on reproductive, metabolic and psychological level. Incorporating a healthy diet, increasing physical activity and changing dysfunctional thought patterns in women with PCOS are key points in losing weight. The biggest challenge in weight management programs is to achieve a reasonable and sustainable weight loss. The aim of this study is to explore whether Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) by a mental health professional, working in a multidisciplinary team with a dietician and a physical therapist (a three-component intervention), is more effective for weight loss in the long term, within 12 months...
March 6, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261117/psychotropic-medication-and-substance-use-during-pregnancy-by-women-with-severe-mental-illness
#19
Kate J Brameld, Assen Jablensky, Jenny Griffith, John Dean, Vera A Morgan
BACKGROUND: Sociodemographic factors, alcohol and drug intake, and maternal health are known to be associated with adverse outcomes in pregnancy for women with severe mental illness in addition to their use of psychotropic medication. In this study, we describe the demographic characteristics of women hospitalized for severe mental illness along with their use of medication and other drugs during the pregnancy period. METHODS: A clinical case note review of women with psychosis who were hospitalized at the State Psychiatric Hospital in Western Australia during 1966-1996, gave birth between 1980 and 1992, and received psychiatric treatment during the pregnancy period...
2017: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28246112/alcohol-consumption-during-pregnancy-and-breast-feeding-in-canada-is-prevalent-and-not-strongly-associated-with-mental-health-status
#20
Lesley Smith
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 28, 2017: Evidence-based Nursing
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