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Pregnancy mental health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089487/estimation-of-national-regional-and-global-prevalence-of-alcohol-use-during-pregnancy-and-fetal-alcohol-syndrome-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
Svetlana Popova, Shannon Lange, Charlotte Probst, Gerrit Gmel, Jürgen Rehm
BACKGROUND: Alcohol use during pregnancy is the direct cause of fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS). We aimed to estimate the prevalence of alcohol use during pregnancy and FAS in the general population and, by linking these two indicators, estimate the number of pregnant women that consumed alcohol during pregnancy per one case of FAS. METHODS: We began by doing two independent comprehensive systematic literature searches using multiple electronic databases for original quantitative studies that reported the prevalence in the general population of the respective country of alcohol use during pregnancy published from Jan 1, 1984, to June 30, 2014, or the prevalence of FAS published from Nov 1, 1973, to June 30, 2015, in a peer-reviewed journal or scholarly report...
January 12, 2017: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086827/mothers-accounts-of-the-impact-on-emotional-wellbeing-of-organised-peer-support-in-pregnancy-and-early-parenthood-a-qualitative-study
#2
Jenny McLeish, Maggie Redshaw
BACKGROUND: The transition to parenthood is a potentially vulnerable time for mothers' mental health and approximately 9-21% of women experience depression and/or anxiety at this time. Many more experience sub-clinical symptoms of depression and anxiety, as well as stress, low self-esteem and a loss of confidence. Women's emotional wellbeing is more at risk if they have little social support, a low income, are single parents or have a poor relationship with their partner. Peer support can comprise emotional, affirmational, informational and practical support; evidence of its impact on emotional wellbeing during pregnancy and afterwards is mixed...
January 13, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076587/-interventions-to-improve-access-to-health-services-by-indigenous-peoples-in-the-americas
#3
Miguel Araujo, Cecilia Moraga, Evelina Chapman, Jorge Barreto, Eduardo Illanes
Objective: Synthesize evidence on effectiveness of interventions designed to improve access to health services by indigenous populations. Methods: Review of systematic reviews published as of July 2015, selecting and analyzing only studies in the Region of the Americas. The bibliographic search encompassed MEDLINE, Lilacs, SciELO, EMBASE, DARE, HTA, The Cochrane Library, and organization websites. Two independent reviewers selected studies and analyzed their methodological quality...
November 2016: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073974/infertile-women-who-screen-positive-for-depression-are-less-likely-to-initiate-fertility-treatments
#4
Natalie M Crawford, Heather S Hoff, Jennifer E Mersereau
STUDY QUESTION: Are infertile women who screen positive for depression less likely to initiate infertility treatments? SUMMARY ANSWER: Infertile women who screen positive for depression are less likely to initiate treatment for infertility. WHAT IS ALREADY KNOWN: Infertility imposes a psychological burden on many couples. Depression and anxiety have been demonstrated in ~40% of infertile women, which is twice that of fertile women. Further, the psychological burden associated with infertility treatment has been cited as a major factor for discontinuation of infertility care...
January 9, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070257/the-relation-of-pre-and-postnatal-depression-and-anxiety-with-exclusive-breastfeeding
#5
Farangis Sharifi, Soheila Nouraei, Ehsan Shahverdi
INTRODUCTION: Studies on the relationship between prenatal psychosocial risk factors and breastfeeding are disjointed. Maternal health status has a great influence on breastfeeding, growth, and general health of the neonates. The aim of this study was to ascertain the relation between maternal mental health and breastfeeding status of mothers in Kazerun (Fars province, Iran). METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted on a total of 92 pregnant women recruited from clinics in Kazerun in 2015...
November 2016: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067756/alcohol-use-disorders-in-argentinian-girls-and-women-12-months-before-delivery-comparison-of-dsm-iv-dsm-5-and-icd-10-diagnostic-criteria
#6
Mariana Beatriz López, Karina Conde, Mariana Cremonte
BACKGROUND: The evidence of important problems related to prenatal alcohol exposure has faced researchers with the problem of understanding and screening alcohol use in this population. Although any alcohol use should be considered risky during pregnancy, identifying alcohol-drinking problems (ADPs) could be especially important because women with ADPs could not benefit from a simple advice of abstinence and because their offsprings are subjected to a higher risk of problems related with prenatal alcohol exposure...
January 6, 2017: Journal of Addiction Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063910/racial-ethnic-differences-in-contraceptive-preferences-beliefs-and-self-efficacy-among-women-veterans
#7
Lisa S Callegari, Xinhua Zhao, Eleanor Bimla Schwarz, Elian Rosenfeld, Maria K Mor, Sonya Borrero
BACKGROUND: Significant racial/ethnic disparities in unintended pregnancy persist in the US, with the highest rates observed among low-income black and Hispanic women. Differences in contraceptive preferences, beliefs, and self-efficacy may be instrumental in understanding contraceptive behaviors that underlie higher rates of unintended pregnancy among racial/ethnic minorities. OBJECTIVES: Our objective was to understand how contraceptive preferences, beliefs and self-efficacy vary by race and ethnicity among women veterans...
January 4, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063847/mind-the-gap-assessing-the-disconnect-between-postpartum-health-information-desired-and-health-information-received
#8
Lucia Guerra-Reyes, Vanessa M Christie, Annu Prabhakar, Katie A Siek
INTRODUCTION: Seeking and receiving health information are critical aspects of prenatal and postpartum care; however, many informational sources lack postpartum content. This study explores the gaps between information desired and information received postpartum and identifies the sources women use for health information seeking, with an emphasis on emergent online and mobile phone-based resources. METHODS: Participants were recruited from our community partners' client base for a cross-sectional study...
January 4, 2017: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057430/women-s-mental-health-during-pregnancy-a-participatory-qualitative-study
#9
Wendy L M Franks, Kenda E Crozier, Bridget L M Penhale
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: British public health and academic policy and guidance promotes service user involvement in health care and research, however collaborative research remains underrepresented in literature relating to pregnant women's mental health. The aim of this participatory research was to explore mothers' and professionals' perspectives on the factors that influence pregnant women's mental health. METHOD: This qualitative research was undertaken in England with the involvement of three community members who had firsthand experience of mental health problems during pregnancy...
January 2, 2017: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056406/the-impact-of-maternal-factors-on-the-association-between-temperature-and-preterm-delivery
#10
Rupa Basu, Hong Chen, De-Kun Li, Lyndsay A Avalos
BACKGROUND: Few studies have examined maternal modifiers of temperature and adverse birth outcomes because of lack of data. We assessed the relationship between apparent temperature, preterm delivery (PTD) and maternal demographics, medical and mental health conditions, and behaviors. METHODS: A time-stratified case-crossover analysis was conducted using 14,466 women who had a PTD (20 to less than 37 gestational weeks) from 1995 to 2009 using medical records from a large health maintenance organization in Northern California...
January 2, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28055288/eveningness-as-a-risk-for-behavioral-problems-in-late-adolescence
#11
Ilona Merikanto, Anu-Katriina Pesonen, Liisa Kuula, Jari Lahti, Kati Heinonen, Eero Kajantie, Katri Räikkönen
Circadian preference toward eveningness has been associated with increased risk for mental health problems both in early adolescence and in adulthood. However, in late adolescence, when circadian rhythm naturally shifts to later, its significance for mental health is not clear. Accordingly, we studied how circadian rhythm estimated both by self-reported chronotype and by actigraph-defined midpoint of sleep was associated with self-reported psychiatric problems based on Youth Self Report (YSR). The study builds on a community cohort born in 1998, Helsinki, Finland...
January 5, 2017: Chronobiology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032409/change-in-receptive-vocabulary-from-childhood-to-adulthood-associated-mental-health-education-and-employment-outcomes
#12
Rebecca Armstrong, Wendy Arnott, David A Copland, Katie McMahon, Asaduzzaman Khan, Jake M Najman, James G Scott
BACKGROUND: Population-based studies have found that early language delays are associated with poorer long-term outcomes in adolescence and adulthood. Few studies have explored the influence of change in language ability over time on adult outcomes. AIM: To examine the educational, vocational and mental health outcomes for adults accounting for different vocabulary developmental profiles over a 16-year period. METHODS & PROCEDURES: A total of 1914 participants of the Mater-University of Queensland Study of Pregnancy (MUSP) were categorized into four groups based on their vocabulary skills at 5 and 21 years: (1) persistently good (n = 1679), (2) persistently poor (n = 33), (3) improved (n = 160), and (4) deteriorated (n = 42)...
December 29, 2016: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031314/paracetamol-use-during-pregnancy-and-attention-and-executive-function-in-offspring-at-age-5-years
#13
Zeyan Liew, Cathrine Carlsen Bach, Robert F Asarnow, Beate Ritz, Jørn Olsen
BACKGROUND: Recent studies suggested that inutero exposure to paracetamol, the most common pain and fever medication used in pregnancy, may affect neurodevelopment in offspring. We aim to examine whether maternal use of paracetamol during pregnancy affects the attention and executive function of children at age 5 years. METHODS: We studied 1491 mothers and children enrolled in the Danish National Birth Cohort (DNBC; 1996-2002). Prenatal paracetamol use was prospectively recorded in three telephone interviews...
December 28, 2016: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024222/effects-of-prenatal-childbirth-education-for-partners-of-pregnant-women-on-paternal-postnatal-mental-health-and-couple-relationship-a-systematic-review
#14
REVIEW
Maiko Suto, Kenji Takehara, Yumina Yamane, Erika Ota
BACKGROUND: Partner education during pregnancy may be able to prevent postnatal mental health problems, and support expectant fathers in their transition to parenthood. The aim of this systematic review is to investigate the effects of prenatal childbirth education among partners of pregnant women, particularly regarding paternal postnatal mental health and couple relationship. METHODS: We searched Medline, CINAHL, EMBASE, PsycINFO, ERIC, and CENTRAL using terms such as "partners of pregnant women," "education," and "prenatal support...
December 20, 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998263/a-12-year-chart-review-of-childhood-and-adolescent-onset-psychosis-at-a-nigerian-tertiary-mental-health-facility
#15
Adeniran O Okewole, Adegboyega Ogunwale, Temilola J Mosanya, Babatunde M Ojo
OBJECTIVES: To review the profile of children and adolescents presenting with psychosis at a specialist mental health facility, and to compare childhood with adolescent onset psychosis. METHOD: Hospital records of all children and adolescents over a 12-year period (1999-2010) were perused to identify those falling under the categories of psychotic disorders. Clinical, socio-demographic, obstetric, and developmental information was extracted. RESULTS: Mean age of the children ((n = 409)) was 15...
October 2016: Journal of Child and Adolescent Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997287/acute-dissociative-reaction-to-spontaneous-delivery-in-a-case-of-total-denial-of-pregnancy-diagnostic-and-forensic-aspects
#16
Vedat Sar, Nazan Aydın, Onno van der Hart, A Steven Frankel, Meriç Sar, Oguz Omay
This article presents the history of a 21-year-old female college student with total denial of pregnancy who experienced an acute dissociative reaction during the spontaneous delivery at home without medical assistance where the newborn died immediately. Psychiatric examination, self-report questionnaires, legal documents, and witness reports have been reviewed in evaluation of the case. Evidence pointed to total denial of pregnancy, i.e. until delivery. The diagnoses of an acute dissociative reaction to stress (remitted) and a subsequent PTSD were established in a follow-up examination conducted 7 months after the delivery...
December 20, 2016: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993244/-a-cross-sectional-study-of-school-dropout-in-adolescents-national-mental-health-survey-colombia-2015
#17
Carlos Gómez-Restrepo, Andrea Padilla Muñoz, Carlos Javier Rincón
INTRODUCTION: School dropout in adolescents can have negative consequences, not only for the individual and the family, but also for the society. To identify the characteristics associated with the occurrence of this event might contribute to the planning of a prevention strategy. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the relationship between the individual and home characteristics and school dropout in adolescents from 12 to 17 years old in Colombia. METHODS: A cross sectional study was conducted from information taken from the results obtained in the 2015 National Mental Health Survey...
December 2016: Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993226/maternal-depressive-symptoms-during-and-after-pregnancy-and-psychiatric-problems-in-children
#18
Marius Lahti, Katri Savolainen, Soile Tuovinen, Anu-Katriina Pesonen, Jari Lahti, Kati Heinonen, Esa Hämäläinen, Hannele Laivuori, Pia M Villa, Rebecca M Reynolds, Eero Kajantie, Katri Räikkönen
OBJECTIVE: Maternal depressive symptoms during pregnancy are associated with increased risk of psychiatric problems in children. A more precise understanding of the timing of the symptoms during pregnancy and their independence of other prenatal and postnatal factors in predicting child psychopathology risk is needed. We examined whether maternal depressive symptoms during pregnancy predict child psychiatric problems, whether these associations are trimester- or gestational-week-specific and/or independent of pregnancy disorders, and whether maternal depressive symptoms after pregnancy mediate or add to the prenatal effects...
January 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992478/experiencing-lifetime-domestic-violence-associations-with-mental-health-and-stress-among-pregnant-women-in-rural-bangladesh-the-minimat-randomized-trial
#19
Shirin Ziaei, Amy Lynn Frith, Eva-Charlotte Ekström, Ruchira Tabassum Naved
BACKGROUND: Experience of domestic violence has negative mental health consequences for women. The association of cumulative and specific forms of domestic violence, particularly emotional violence and controlling behavior, with common mental disorders and stress has rarely been studied in pregnant women. The aim of this study is to evaluate associations of specific and multiple forms of lifetime domestic violence and controlling behavior with distress and cortisol level during pregnancy in rural Bangladeshi women...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27940182/design-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial-for-genomic-carrier-screening-in-healthy-patients-seeking-preconception-genetic-testing
#20
Tia L Kauffman, Benjamin S Wilfond, Gail P Jarvik, Michael C Leo, Frances L Lynch, Jacob A Reiss, C Sue Richards, Carmit McMullen, Deborah Nickerson, Michael O Dorschner, Katrina A B Goddard
Population-based carrier screening is limited to well-studied or high-impact genetic conditions for which the benefits may outweigh the associated harms and costs. As the cost of genome sequencing declines and availability increases, the balance of risks and benefits may change for a much larger number of genetic conditions, including medically actionable additional findings. We designed an RCT to evaluate genomic clinical sequencing for women and partners considering a pregnancy. All results are placed into the medical record for use by healthcare providers...
December 7, 2016: Contemporary Clinical Trials
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