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Pregnancy mental health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648766/age-sex-and-diagnosis-specific-incidence-rate-of-medically-certified-long-term-sick-leave-among-private-sector-employees-the-japan-epidemiology-collaboration-on-occupational-health-j-ecoh-study
#1
Chihiro Nishiura, Akiko Nanri, Ikuko Kashino, Ai Hori, Chihiro Kinugawa, Motoki Endo, Noritada Kato, Aki Tomizawa, Akihiko Uehara, Makoto Yamamoto, Tohru Nakagawa, Shuichiro Yamamoto, Toru Honda, Teppei Imai, Akiko Okino, Toshiaki Miyamoto, Naoko Sasaki, Kentaro Tomita, Satsue Nagahama, Takeshi Kochi, Masafumi Eguchi, Hiroko Okazaki, Taizo Murakami, Chii Shimizu, Makiko Shimizu, Isamu Kabe, Tetsuya Mizoue, Tomofumi Sone, Seitaro Dohi
BACKGROUND: Long-term sick-leave is a major public health problem, but data on its incidence in Japan are scarce. We aimed to present reference data for long-term sick-leave among private sector employees in Japan. METHODS: The study population comprised employees of 12 companies that participated in the Japan Epidemiology Collaboration on Occupational Health Study. Details on medically certified sick-leave lasting ≥30 days were collected from each company. Age- and sex-specific incidence rate of sick-leave was calculated for the period of April 2012 to March 2014...
June 22, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648149/attitudes-to-sexual-health-in-the-united-states-results-from-a-national-survey-of-youth-aged-15-25-years
#2
Matthew Hogben, Christopher Harper, Melissa A Habel, Kathryn Brookmeyer, Allison Friedman
Background: Several common global definitions of sexual health refer to physical, emotional and social well-being, with respect to sexuality, and also to the need for this well-being to be reflected for all individuals in relationships. How well sexual health definitions fit US youths' attitudes to sexual health, and associations between these attitudes, sexual behaviours and sexual health care were assessed. Methods: In total, 4017 youth aged between 15 and 25 years via an online survey panel, weighted to be representative of the US population, were surveyed...
June 26, 2017: Sexual Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647310/effect-of-a-web-based-positive-psychology-intervention-on-prenatal-well-being-a-case-series-study
#3
Giulia Corno, Ernestina Etchemendy, Macarena Espinoza, Rocío Herrero, Guadalupe Molinari, Alba Carrillo, Constance Drossaert, Rosa Maria Baños
BACKGROUND: Detrimental effects of women's negative feelings during pregnancy have been extensively examined and documented, but research on the influence of positive feelings and protective factors on their prenatal mental health is scarce. Evidence from the positive psychology field has shown that practicing some brief positive exercises, called positive psychology interventions, can maximize well-being by increasing positive emotions, engagement, and meaning. AIM: The aim of this study is to examine the effect of a positive psychology web-based intervention on indices of women's prenatal well-being...
June 21, 2017: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645572/longitudinal-associations-between-mental-health-conditions-and-overactive-bladder-in-women-veterans
#4
Catherine S Bradley, Ingrid E Nygaard, Stephen L Hillis, James C Torner, Anne G Sadler
BACKGROUND: One in five recently deployed U.S. women veterans report overactive bladder symptoms. Mental health conditions such as depression and anxiety commonly co-occur in women with overactive bladder, but temporal relationships between these outcomes have not been well-studied, and the mechanism behind this association is unknown. The Women Veterans Urinary Health Study, a nationwide longitudinal study in recently deployed women veterans, was designed to better understand relationships between overactive bladder and mental health conditions...
June 20, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644337/committee-opinion-no-705-mental-health-disorders-in-adolescents
#5
(no author information available yet)
Mental health disorders in adolescence are a significant problem, relatively common, and amenable to treatment or intervention. Obstetrician-gynecologists who see adolescent patients are highly likely to see adolescents and young women who have one or more mental health disorders. Some of these disorders may interfere with a patient's ability to understand or articulate her health concerns and appropriately adhere to recommended treatment. Some disorders or their treatments will affect the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis, causing anovulatory cycles and various menstrual disturbances...
July 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644330/committee-opinion-no-705-summary-mental-health-disorders-in-adolescents
#6
(no author information available yet)
Mental health disorders in adolescence are a significant problem, relatively common, and amenable to treatment or intervention. Obstetrician-gynecologists who see adolescent patients are highly likely to see adolescents and young women who have one or more mental health disorders. Some of these disorders may interfere with a patient's ability to understand or articulate her health concerns and appropriately adhere to recommended treatment. Some disorders or their treatments will affect the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis, causing anovulatory cycles and various menstrual disturbances...
July 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634168/contributions-of-children-with-multiple-chronic-conditions-to-pediatric-hospitalizations-in-the-united-states-a-retrospective-cohort-analysis
#7
Jay G Berry, Arlene S Ash, Eyal Cohen, Fareesa Hasan, Chris Feudtner, Matt Hall
BACKGROUND: Children with multiple chronic conditions (CMCC) are increasingly using hospital care. We assessed how much of US pediatric inpatient care is used by CMCC and which chronic conditions are the key drivers of hospital use. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of all 2.3 million US acute-care hospital discharges in 2012 for children age 0 to 18 years in the Kids' Inpatient Database. The ∼4.5 million US hospitalizations for pregnancy, childbirth, and newborn and neonatal care were not assessed...
June 20, 2017: Hospital Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629296/atypical-antipsychotic-use-and-outcomes-in-an-urban-maternal-mental-health-service
#8
Susan Hatters Friedman, Charmian Moller-Olsen, Chandni Prakash, Abigail North
Objective Despite many women suffering from psychosis in their childbearing years, limited data exist about the use of atypical antipsychotic agents in pregnancy. Atypical antipsychotic agents are often used to treat bipolar disorder, instead of lithium or valproate because of the known teratogenicity of those agents. As well, atypical antipsychotics are often prescribed in anxiety disorders and depression. This study sought to describe pregnancy outcomes for women prescribed atypical antipsychotics during pregnancy...
August 2016: International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626358/psychosocial-correlates-of-patient-provider-family-planning-discussions-among-hiv-infected-pregnant-women-in-south-africa
#9
Violeta J Rodriguez, Ryan R Cook, Stephen M Weiss, Karl Peltzer, Deborah L Jones
Patient-provider family planning discussions and preconception counseling can reduce maternal and neonatal risks by increasing adherence to provider recommendations and antiretroviral medication. However, HIV-infected women may not discuss reproductive intentions with providers due to anticipation of negative reactions and stigma. This study aimed to identify correlates of patient-provider family planning discussions among HIV-infected women in rural South Africa, an area with high rates of antenatal HIV and suboptimal rates of prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) of HIV...
2017: Open Access J Contracept
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625180/abortion-and-subsequent-depressive-symptoms-an-analysis-of-the-national-longitudinal-study-of-adolescent-health
#10
A M Gomez
BACKGROUND: Twenty states currently require that women seeking abortion be counseled on possible psychological responses, with six states stressing negative responses. The majority of research finds that women whose unwanted pregnancies end in abortion do not subsequently have adverse mental health outcomes; scant research examines this relationship for young women. METHODS: Four waves of data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health were analyzed...
June 19, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623904/impact-of-preconceptional-micronutrient-supplementation-on-maternal-mental-health-during-pregnancy-and-postpartum-results-from-a-randomized-controlled-trial-in-vietnam
#11
Phuong H Nguyen, Ann M DiGirolamo, Ines Gonzalez-Casanova, Hoa Pham, Wei Hao, Hieu Nguyen, Truong V Truong, Son Nguyen, Kimberly B Harding, Gregory A Reinhart, Reynaldo Martorell, Usha Ramakrishnan
BACKGROUND: Micronutrient malnutrition has been associated with maternal depressive symptoms (MDS), but little is known about the effects of preconceptional micronutrient supplementation. This paper examined the effects of preconceptional micronutrient supplementation on MDS during pregnancy and postpartum. METHODS: We used data from a double-blind controlled trial (PRECONCEPT) in which 5011 Vietnamese women were randomized to receive weekly supplements containing either a) multiple micronutrients (MM) b) iron and folic acid (IFA) or c) folic acid (FA) until conception (n = 1813)...
June 17, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619421/the-protective-role-of-maternal-posttraumatic-growth-and-cognitive-trauma-processing-among-palestinian-mothers-and-infants
#12
Safwat Y Diab, Sanna Isosävi, Samir R Qouta, Saija Kuittinen, Raija-Leena Punamäki
War survivors use multiple cognitive and emotional processes to protect their mental health from the negative impacts of trauma. Because mothers and infants may be especially vulnerable to trauma in conditions of war, it is urgent to determine which cognitive and emotional processes are effective for preventing negative trauma impacts." This study examined whether mothers' high posttraumatic growth (PTG) and positive posttraumatic cognitions (PTC) protected (a) their own mental health and (b) their infants' stress regulation and sensorimotor and language development from the effects of war trauma...
June 12, 2017: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617151/lithium-exposure-during-pregnancy-outcomes-for-women-who-attended-a-specialist-antenatal-clinic
#13
Jacqueline Frayne, Thinh Nguyen, Tabitha Mok, Yvonne Hauck, Helena Liira
INTRODUCTION: Lithium treatment in pregnancy represents a significant dilemma for women and treating health professionals alike. The complexity of risk-benefit analysis is impacted by limited information. METHODS: A cohort study of 33 women with severe mental illness, who were prescribed lithium at any time during the pregnancy, and gave birth between December 2007 and January 2015 at a specialist antenatal clinic in Western Australia. A descriptive comparison for women who continued lithium throughout pregnancy, and those who ceased on discovery of pregnancy was undertaken examining demographic, obstetric, neonatal and psychiatric variables...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609311/gender-differences-of-stressful-life-events-coping-style-symptom-severity-and-health-related-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-panic-disorder
#14
Ji Eun Kim, In Han Song, Sang-Hyuk Lee
Although affective disorders have been known to have sex differences in the associated clinical characteristics and quality of life (QOL), sex differences among patients with panic disorder (PD) have remained relatively unexplored in Korea. We examined the sex differences in different types of stressful life events (SLEs), coping styles, symptom severity, and health-related QOL (HRQOL) in patients with PD. Data from 291 female and 254 male participants diagnosed with PD were analyzed using a structured clinical interview following the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th Edition criteria...
June 12, 2017: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600645/acceptance-and-commitment-therapy-for-perinatal-mood-and-anxiety-disorders-development-of-an-inpatient-group-intervention
#15
REVIEW
Alexa Bonacquisti, Matthew J Cohen, Crystal Edler Schiller
Perinatal mood and anxiety disorders are a leading cause of morbidity and mortality for childbearing women. Current treatments, such as cognitive behavioral therapy and interpersonal therapy, have demonstrated modest success in addressing perinatal psychiatric symptoms; however, additional treatment options are needed to address the limitations of current approaches, particularly for women experiencing moderate to severe perinatal mental illness during pregnancy or postpartum. We discuss the use of acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) as a promising treatment approach that may be uniquely suited for perinatal women due to its emphasis of values, mindfulness, and acceptance; these psychological constructs notably address the significant psychiatric and behavioral health condition comorbidity, somatic symptoms, and stigma associated with perinatal mood and anxiety disorders...
June 10, 2017: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593361/different-patterns-of-depressive-symptoms-during-pregnancy
#16
Sophie E M Truijens, Viola Spek, Maarten J M van Son, S Guid Oei, Victor J M Pop
Recently, the US Preventive Services Task Force has advocated to screen pregnant and postpartum women for depression. However, we questioned the meaning of a single elevated depression score: does it represent just one episode of depression or do these symptoms persist throughout the entire pregnancy? This study assessed depressive symptoms at each trimester in a cohort of 1813 pregnant women and evaluated whether women with different patterns of depressive symptoms showed other characteristics. Depending on the trimester, elevated depression scores were prevalent in 10-15% of the pregnant women...
June 8, 2017: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591541/lithium-use-in-pregnancy-and-the-risk-of-cardiac-malformations
#17
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Elisabetta Patorno, Krista F Huybrechts, Brian T Bateman, Jacqueline M Cohen, Rishi J Desai, Helen Mogun, Lee S Cohen, Sonia Hernandez-Diaz
BACKGROUND: There has been concern that exposure to lithium early in pregnancy may be associated with a marked increase in the risk of Ebstein's anomaly (a right ventricular outflow tract obstruction defect) in infants and overall congenital cardiac defects, but data are conflicting and limited. METHODS: We conducted a cohort study involving 1,325,563 pregnancies in women who were enrolled in Medicaid and who delivered a live-born infant between 2000 and 2010. We examined the risk of cardiac malformations among infants exposed to lithium during the first trimester as compared with unexposed infants and, in secondary analyses, with infants exposed to another commonly used mood stabilizer, lamotrigine...
June 8, 2017: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585664/identification-and-treatment-of-adolescents-with-perinatal-anxiety-and-depression
#18
Linda Paine Hughes, Tammy Austin-Ketch, Ellen M Volpe, Nancy Campbell-Heider
Perinatal mood and anxiety disorders (PMAD) are the most common, yet under-diagnosed and undertreated complication of pregnancy, affecting up to 50% of pregnant and parenting teens. PMAD are a global health issue that can have devastating effects on the mental, physical, emotional, developmental health, and social life of the mother, infant, and family. Adolescents present with similar symptoms of PMAD as their adult counterparts, but also experience isolation from their peer group and lack of resources and coping strategies, as well as difficulty sleeping and lack of concentration and ability to focus...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584315/social-costs-of-loss-in-productivity-related-absenteeism-in-poland
#19
Agnieszka Genowska, Justyna Fryc, Jarosław Pinkas, Jacek Jamiołkowski, Krystyna Szafraniec, Andrzej Szpak, Iwona Bojar
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to estimate indirect costs associated with losses in productivity due to sickness absence among registered workers in Poland. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Data on sick leave durations in 2013 was obtained from the Social Insurance Institution (SII) (Zakład Ubezpieczeń Społecznych - ZUS). Based on the number of assumptions, this data was used for calculating absence durations. The costs of lost productivity were estimated on the basis of the measure of gross value added...
December 23, 2016: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578176/research-standardization-tools-pregnancy-measures-in-the-phenx-toolkit
#20
Ann Kinga Malinowski, Cande V Ananth, Patrick Catalano, Erin P Hines, Russell S Kirby, Mark A Klebanoff, John J Mulvihill, Hyagriv Simhan, Carol M Hamilton, Tabitha P Hendershot, Michael J Phillips, Lisa A Kilpatrick, Deborah R Maiese, Erin M Ramos, Rosalind J Wright, Siobhan M Dolan
Only through concerted and well-executed research endeavors can we gain the requisite knowledge to advance pregnancy care and have a positive impact on maternal and newborn health. Yet the heterogeneity inherent in individual studies limits our ability to compare and synthesize study results, thus impeding the capacity to draw meaningful conclusions that can be trusted to inform clinical care. The PhenX Toolkit (http://www.phenxtoolkit.org), supported since 2007 by the National Institutes of Health, is a web-based catalog of standardized protocols for measuring phenotypes and exposures relevant for clinical research...
May 31, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
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