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Pregnancy mental health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908296/smoking-in-pregnancy-adolescent-mental-health-and-cognitive-performance-in-young-adult-offspring-results-from-a-matched-sample-within-a-finnish-cohort
#1
Hugh Ramsay, Jennifer H Barnett, Graham K Murray, Pirjo Mäki, Tuula Hurtig, Tanja Nordström, Jouko Miettunen, Vesa Kiviniemi, Solja Niemelä, Zdenka Pausova, Tomas Paus, Juha Veijola
BACKGROUND: The association between prenatal exposure to maternal cigarette smoking (PEMCS) and adult cognition is debated, including if there are differences according to sex. We aimed to determine if there are associations between PEMCS and cognition in early adulthood in men and women and examine if observed associations were mediated by adolescent mental health factors that are associated with cognition, namely psychotic-like experiences (PLEs), inattention and hyperactivity, and other externalizing behaviors...
December 1, 2016: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904164/consequences-and-possible-predictors-of-health-damaging-behaviors-and-mental-health-problems-in-pregnancy-a-review
#2
REVIEW
F Ulrich, F Petermann
In recent decades, the understanding of the short and longer term effects of health-damaging behaviors and mental health problems in pregnant women and the underlying mechanisms of these behaviors and illnesses has significantly increased. In contrast, little is known about the factors affecting individual pregnant women which contribute to health-damaging behaviors and mental illness. The aim of this paper was therefore to summarize the current state of research into the consequences of nicotine and alcohol consumption, malnutrition, excessive weight gain or obesity, and impaired mental health (depression and anxiety) during pregnancy...
November 2016: Geburtshilfe und Frauenheilkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903039/management-of-bipolar-disorder-over-the-perinatal-period
#3
Philip Boyce, Anne Buist
BACKGROUND: Women with bipolar disorder have a high risk of relapse following childbirth. The risk of relapse can be reduced by mood stabilisers, but they are potentially harmful to the developing fetus. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this article is to provide an up-to-date review of the strategies for managing women with bipolar disorder over the perinatal period. DISCUSSION: Discussing the risks of taking mood stabilisers or having a medication-free pregnancy is essential for women with bipolar disorder...
December 2016: Australian Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899401/neonatal-and-childhood-neurodevelopmental-health-and-educational-outcomes-of-children-exposed-to-antidepressants-and-maternal-depression-during-pregnancy-protocol-for-a-retrospective-population-based-cohort-study-using-linked-administrative-data
#4
Deepa Singal, Marni Brownell, Dan Chateau, Chelsea Ruth, Laurence Y Katz
INTRODUCTION: Antidepressants are commonly prescribed during pregnancy; however, there are inconsistent data on the safety of these medications during the prenatal period. To address this gap, this study will investigate short-term and long-term neurodevelopmental, physical and mental health, and educational outcomes of children who have been exposed to selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) or selective serotonin norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors (SNRIs) and/or maternal depression during pregnancy...
November 29, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896374/loss-of-group-memberships-predicts-depression-in-postpartum-mothers
#5
Magen Seymour-Smith, Tegan Cruwys, S Alexander Haslam, Wendy Brodribb
PURPOSE: The postpartum period presents the highest risk for women's mental health throughout the lifespan. We aimed to examine the Social Identity Model of Identity Change in this context. More specifically, we investigated changes in social identity during this life transition and their consequences for women's postpartum mental health. METHODS: Women who had given birth within the last 12 months (N = 387) reported on measures of depression, social group memberships, and motherhood identification...
November 28, 2016: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891433/the-clinical-presentation-and-outcome-of-the-institutionalized-wandering-mentally-ill-in-india
#6
Gaurav Singh, Nilima Shah, Ritambhara Mehta
INTRODUCTION: There are estimated 400,000 wandering mentally ill persons in India, found in poor physical state wandering on streets and railway stations; mainly treated either by government run Hospitals for Mental Health (HMH) or Psychiatry units of a Government Medical College (GMC). They require psychosocial rehabilitation along with treatment. AIM: To study the presentation, clinical profile and rehabilitative outcome of wandering mentally ill admitted in government psychiatric care facilities...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870443/sex-differences-in-depression-during-pregnancy-and-the-postpartum-period
#7
REVIEW
Inger Sundström Poromaa, Erika Comasco, Marios K Georgakis, Alkistis Skalkidou
Women have a lifetime risk of major depression double that of men but only during their reproductive years. This sex difference has been attributed partially to activational effects of female sex steroids and also to the burdens of pregnancy, childbirth, and parenting. Men, in contrast, have a reproductive period difficult to delineate, and research on the mental health of men has rarely considered the effects of fatherhood. However, the couple goes through a number of potentially stressing events during the reproductive period, and both mothers and fathers are at risk of developing peripartum depression...
January 2, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863498/factors-affecting-implementation-of-perinatal-mental-health-screening-in-women-of-refugee-background
#8
Nishani Nithianandan, Melanie Gibson-Helm, Jacquie McBride, Amanda Binny, Kylie M Gray, Christine East, Jacqueline A Boyle
BACKGROUND: For women of refugee background, the increased risk of mental illness associated with pregnancy is compounded by pre- and post-settlement stressors. In Australia, antenatal screening for depression and anxiety symptoms using the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale is recommended for all women. Despite this, screening is not routinely implemented and little is known about barriers and enablers to implementation for women of refugee background. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with a range of health professionals (n = 28: midwives, obstetricians, perinatal mental health and refugee health experts, interpreters) and women of refugee background (n = 9)...
November 18, 2016: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855430/prospective-fathers-psychosocial-adaptation-and-involvement-in-the-last-trimester-of-pregnancy
#9
Karin Kuljanić, Tamara Martinac Dorčić, Ivana Ljubičić Bistrović, Alemka Brnčić-Fischer
BACKGROUND: Paternal involvement in pregnancy has been recognized to have an impact on new-born's outcomes and only recently got under the spot light of mental health perspective. The aim of this study was to test differences in paternal involvement in pregnancy, perceived stress and relationship quality regarding complications in pregnancy and pregnancy duration (gestational weeks) in the last trimester of pregnancy. The role of personality traits (neuroticism and extroversion), relationship quality satisfaction and perceived stress in prospective father's perception of pregnancy involvement were examined...
December 2016: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27854439/from-early-family-systems-to-internalizing-symptoms-the-role-of-emotion-regulation-and-peer-relations
#10
Jallu Lindblom, Mervi Vänskä, Marjo Flykt, Asko Tolvanen, Aila Tiitinen, Maija Tulppala, Raija-Leena Punamäki
Research has demonstrated the importance of early family characteristics, such as the quality of caregiving, on children's later mental health. Information is, however, needed about the role of more holistic family systems and specific child-related socioemotional mechanisms. In this study, we conceptualize families as dynamic family system types, consisting of both marital and parenting trajectories over the transition to parenthood. First, we examine how early family system types predict children's anxiety, depression, peer exclusion, and emotion regulation...
November 17, 2016: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27854003/health-related-quality-of-life-and-function-in-middle-aged-individuals-with-thalidomide-embryopathy
#11
Shadi A Ghassemi Jahani, Jon Karlsson, Helena Brisby, Aina J Danielsson
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of limb malformations on health-related quality of life (HRQL) and function of the extremities in middle-aged individuals with thalidomide embryopathy (TE). Between 1959 and 1962, approximately 150 children with multiple malformations were born in Sweden following the maternal intake of thalidomide during pregnancy, of whom 100 survived. METHODS: Thirty-one individuals with TE underwent evaluations of musculoskeletal manifestations by clinical examination...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Children's Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852947/psychological-distress-and-associated-factors-among-mexican-american-adolescent-females
#12
Pamela Recto, Jane Dimmitt Champion
INTRODUCTION: Mental health literacy is a critical component of adolescent health enabling recognition, management, and prevention of psychological distress. Adolescents engaging in risk behaviors and experiencing interpersonal violence, substance use, and pregnancy are at high risk for psychological distress. METHOD: Secondary analysis of data collected via a control randomized trial among Mexican American females (aged 14-18 years; N = 461) experiencing high-risk sexual behavior, interpersonal violence, and sexually transmitted infection was conducted with comparisons of psychological distress by pregnancy status...
December 2016: Hispanic Health Care International: the Official Journal of the National Association of Hispanic Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833791/postpartum-depressive-symptoms-following-consecutive-pregnancies-stability-change-and-mechanisms
#13
Christine Dunkel Schetter, Darby Saxbe, Alyssa Cheadle, Christine Guardino
Postpartum depression is a major mental health issue for women and society. We examined stability and change in symptoms of depression over two consecutive pregnancies and tested life stress as a potential mechanism. The Community Child Health Network followed an ethnically/racially diverse sample from one month after a birth for two years. A subset of 228 women had a second birth. Interview measures of depression symptoms (EPDS) and life stress (life events, perceived stress, chronic stress, interpersonal aggression) were obtained during home visits...
September 2016: Clinical Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27827550/the-transition-to-grandparenthood-a-prospective-study-of-mental-health-implications
#14
John Condon, Mary Luszcz, Ian McKee
OBJECTIVES: This study investigated the mental health of a cohort of 262 female and 168 male grandparents across the first two years of their transition to grandparenthood, with particular focus on the impact of providing childcare for the grandchild. METHOD: Baseline assessments were made during the pregnancy with the first grandchild, and subsequent assessments were at one and two years after the birth. The influence of demographic and psychosocial variables which could be expected to influence change in mental health from baseline was explored...
November 9, 2016: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826783/predictors-of-postpartum-depression-in-partnered-mothers-and-fathers-from-a-longitudinal-cohort
#15
Brenda M Y Leung, Nicole L Letourneau, Gerald F Giesbrecht, Henry Ntanda, Martha Hart
Postpartum depression (PPD) is a growing mental health concern in new mothers and fathers. The purpose of this study was to determine the predictors of depression at 3 months postpartum, comparing depressed couples to couples with only one depressed partner or no depressed partner, using data from the Alberta Pregnancy Outcomes and Nutrition study. Data from mothers and fathers were collected at second trimester and 3 months postpartum. Results showed predictors of PPD in mothers to be low household income, high prenatal depressive symptoms, and postnatally, low social support and higher number of stressful life events...
November 8, 2016: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826439/a-prospective-investigation-of-dietary-patterns-and-internalizing-and-externalizing-mental-health-problems-in-adolescents
#16
Georgina S A Trapp, Karina L Allen, Lucinda J Black, Gina L Ambrosini, Peter Jacoby, Susan Byrne, Karen E Martin, Wendy H Oddy
Investigating protective and risk factors that influence mental health in young people is a high priority. While previous cross-sectional studies have reported associations between diet and mental health among adolescents, few prospective studies exist. The aim of this study was to examine prospective relationships between dietary patterns and mental health among adolescents participating in the Western Australian Pregnancy Cohort (Raine) Study. Self-report questionnaires were used to assess indicators of mental health (Youth Self-Report externalizing/internalizing T-scores) and Western and Healthy dietary patterns (identified using factor analysis) at 14 (2003-2005) and 17 years (2006-2008)...
November 2016: Food Science & Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822978/history-of-violence-and-subjective-health-of-mother-and-child
#17
Margret O Tomasdottir, Hildur Kristjansdottir, Amalia Bjornsdottir, Linn Getz, Thora Steingrimsdottir, Olof A Olafsdottir, Johann A Sigurdsson
OBJECTIVE: To study the self-reported prevalence of experienced violence among a cohort of women about two years after giving birth, their health during pregnancy, pregnancy outcomes and their experience of their child's health. SETTING AND SUBJECTS: In 2011, a total of 657 women participated in phase III of the Childbirth and Health Cohort Study in Icelandic Primary Health Care, 18 to 24 months after delivery. The women had previously participated in phase I around pregnancy week 16 and phase II 5-6 months after delivery...
November 8, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Primary Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821151/-i-ve-changed-my-mind-mindfulness-based-childbirth-and-parenting-mbcp-for-pregnant-women-with-a-high-level-of-fear-of-childbirth-and-their-partners-study-protocol-of-the-quasi-experimental-controlled-trial
#18
Irena K Veringa, Esther I de Bruin, Nancy Bardacke, Larissa G Duncan, Francisca J A van Steensel, Carmen D Dirksen, Susan M Bögels
BACKGROUND: Approximately 25 % of pregnant women suffer from a high level of Fear of Childbirth (FoC), as assessed by the Wijma Delivery Expectancy Questionnaire (W-DEQ-A, score ≥66). FoC negatively affects pregnant women's mental health and adaptation to the perinatal period. Mindfulness-Based Childbirth and Parenting (MBCP) seems to be potentially effective in decreasing pregnancy-related anxiety and stress. We propose a theoretical model of Avoidance and Participation in Pregnancy, Birth and the Postpartum Period in order to explore FoC and to evaluate the underlying mechanisms of change of MBCP...
November 7, 2016: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814706/testing-a-counselling-intervention-in-antenatal-care-for-women-experiencing-partner-violence-a-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial-in-johannesburg-south-africa
#19
Christina Pallitto, Claudia García-Moreno, Heidi Stöeckl, Abigail Hatcher, Catherine MacPhail, Keneoue Mokoatle, Nataly Woollett
BACKGROUND: Intimate partner violence (IPV) during or before pregnancy is associated with many adverse health outcomes. Pregnancy-related complications or poor infant health outcomes can arise from direct trauma as well as physiological effects of stress, both of which impact maternal health and fetal growth and development. Antenatal care can be a key entry point within the health system for many women, particularly in low-resource settings. Interventions to identify violence during pregnancy and offer women support and counselling may reduce the occurrence of violence and mitigate its consequences...
November 5, 2016: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814390/associations-between-nausea-vomiting-fatigue-and-health-related-quality-of-life-of-women-in-early-pregnancy-the-generation-r-study
#20
Guannan Bai, Ida J Korfage, Esther Hafkamp-de Groen, Vincent W V Jaddoe, Eva Mautner, Hein Raat
The objective of this study was to evaluate the independent associations between nausea, vomiting, fatigue and health-related quality of life of women in early pregnancy in the Generation R study, which is a prospective mother and child cohort. Analyses were based on 5079 women in early pregnancy in the Rotterdam area, the Netherlands. The information on nausea, vomiting and fatigue in the previous three months was measured in the questionnaire at enrollment, as well as potential confounders (i.e., maternal/gestational age, ethnic background, educational level, parity, marital status, body mass index, tobacco and alcohol use, chronic/infectious conditions, uro-genital conditions/symptoms, sleep quality, headache, anxiety, and depression)...
2016: PloS One
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