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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812517/we-deserve-a-55-pay-rise
#1
Suethornton
It's good news to recruit more nurses, but now plan the retention bit (news, 9 August). Professionals deserve more. I suggest a 55% rise for nurses and 35% rise for junior doctors. Senior clinical staff should raise staff establishments to safe levels. Not ministers.
August 16, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812196/convergent-validation-and-transfer-of-learning-studies-of-a-virtual-reality-based-pattern-cutting-simulator
#2
Arun Nemani, Woojin Ahn, Clairice Cooper, Steven Schwaitzberg, Suvranu De
INTRODUCTION: Research has clearly shown the benefits of surgical simulators to train laparoscopic motor skills required for positive patient outcomes. We have developed the Virtual Basic Laparoscopic Skill Trainer (VBLaST) that simulates tasks from the Fundamentals of Laparoscopic Surgery (FLS) curriculum. This study aims to show convergent validity of the VBLaST pattern cutting module via the CUSUM method to quantify learning curves along with motor skill transfer from simulation environments to ex vivo tissue samples...
August 15, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811182/implementing-sustainable-data-collection-for-a-cardiac-outcomes-registry-in-an-australian-public-hospital
#3
Nicholas Cox, Angela Brennan, Diem Dinh, Rita Brien, Kath Cowie, Dion Stub, Christopher M Reid, Jeffrey Lefkovits
BACKGROUND: Clinical outcome registries are an increasingly vital component of ensuring quality and safety of patient care. However, Australian hospitals rarely have additional resources or the capacity to fund the additional staff time to complete the task of data collection and entry. At the same time, registry funding models do not support staff for the collection of data at the site but are directed towards the central registry tasks of data reporting, managing and quality monitoring...
March 12, 2017: Heart, Lung & Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810993/prevalence-and-trends-of-cigarette-smoking-among-military-personnel-in-taiwan-results-of-10-year-anti-smoking-health-promotion-programs-in-military
#4
Nain-Feng Chu, Fu-Huang Lin, Yi-Chang Wu
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the prevalence and trends of cigarette smoking among young military conscripts, military officers, and military university students during recently 10 years in Taiwan. METHODS: Repeated cross-sectional surveys were conducted annually among young military conscripts and military university students from 2006 to 2014. All the young conscripts were reviewed within 1 month at the military training center and before retiring after 1 year of military services...
July 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808603/aneurysm-treatment-practice-patterns-for-newly-appointed-dual-trained-cerebrovascular-endovascular-neurosurgeons-comparison-of-open-surgical-to-neuroendovascular-procedures-in-the-first-2-years-of-academic-practice
#5
Bowen Jiang, Matthew T Bender, Bima Hasjim, Frank P K Hsu, Rafael J Tamargo, Judy Huang, Geoffrey P Colby, Alexander L Coon, Li-Mei Lin
BACKGROUND: The practice patterns of a hybrid open cerebrovascular/neuroendovascular (CVNV) neurosurgeon in early academic practice is unknown. METHODS: We performed a multi-institutional retrospective cohort study of patients with cerebral aneurysms that were treated within the first 24 months of the neurosurgeon's practice. RESULTS: A total of 533 aneurysms were treated by the three senior authors within the first 24 months of their academic practice...
2017: Surgical Neurology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808354/the-relationship-between-hr-capabilities-and-quality-of-patient-care-the-mediating-role-of-proactive-work-behaviors
#6
Naresh Khatri, Vishal Gupta, Arup Varma
Based on theoretical frameworks of resource-based theory, dynamic capabilities, and behavioral perspective on human resource management, we developed a multidimensional construct of human resource (HR) capabilities and tested its relationship with quality of patient care using a national sample of U.S. hospitals. The data on HR capabilities were collected from senior managers (421 individuals nested in 279 hospitals) representing both the administrative and clinical sides of the hospitals. The data on quality of patient care were gathered from two unique sources - patients of 207 hospitals who reported the data via the Hospital Consumer Assessment of Healthcare Providers and Systems Survey and 421 senior managers of 279 hospitals...
July 2017: Human Resource Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804995/assessing-the-need-for-arthritis-training-among-paid-carers-in-uk-residential-care-homes-a-focus-group-and-interview-study
#7
Paul Whybrow, Suzanne Moffatt, Lesley Kay, Ben Thompson, Terry Aspray, Rachel Duncan
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to perform an educational and training needs assessment for arthritis care in residential homes. METHODS: Qualitative data were collected from three purposively selected residential homes: one independent, one in a regional chain and one in a national chain. Three researcher-led focus groups were conducted with paid carers (N = 22) using vignette exercises; interviews were undertaken with 12 residents with joint pain (N = 12), five managerial staff and two general practitioners (GPs)...
August 14, 2017: Musculoskeletal Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804457/association-between-hypometabolism-in-the-supplementary-motor-area-and-fear-of-falling-in-older-adults
#8
Ryota Sakurai, Yoshinori Fujiwara, Masashi Yasunaga, Hiroyuki Suzuki, Kazuyuki Kanosue, Manuel Montero-Odasso, Kenji Ishii
Background: A better understanding of the neural mechanisms that underlie the development of fear of falling (FoF) in seniors may help to detect potential treatable factors and reduce future falls. We therefore investigate the neural correlates of FoF in older adults using (18)F-fluorodeoxyglucose-positron emission tomography (FDG-PET). Methods: This cohort study included 117 community-dwelling older adults. At baseline, participants were assessed for FoF, psychiatric symptoms, walking speed, global cognition and cerebral glucose metabolism with FDG-PET...
2017: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803644/surgical-experience-and-the-practice-of-pancreatoduodenectomy
#9
Gregory T Kennedy, Matthew T McMillan, Laura Maggino, Michael H Sprys, Charles M Vollmer
BACKGROUND: Experienced surgeons demonstrate improved pancreatoduodenectomy outcomes, but little is known about what distinguishes their practice. Furthermore, the concept of experience has been variably interpreted in the surgical literature. We investigated how 4 interpretations of experience influence pancreatoduodenectomy management decisions. METHODS: A survey assessing pancreatoduodenectomy practice patterns was distributed by 6 surgical societies. Regression analysis identified behaviors associated with 4 forms of experience: years in practice, surpassing the learning curve (≥50 pancreatoduodenectomies), high annual volume (≥25 pancreatoduodenectomy/year), and high career volume (>200 pancreatoduodenectomy)...
August 10, 2017: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803509/analytical-validation-and-reference-intervals-for-freezing-point-depression-osmometer-measurements-of-urine-osmolality-in-dogs
#10
Samantha Guerrero, Josep Pastor, Asta Tvarijonaviciute, José Joaquín Cerón, Graziano Balestra, Marco Caldin
Urine osmolality (UOsm) is considered the most accurate measure of urine concentration and is used to assess body fluid homeostasis and renal function. We performed analytical validation of freezing point depression measurement of canine UOsm, to establish reference intervals (RIs) and to determine the effect of age, sex, and reproductive status on UOsm in dogs. Clinically healthy dogs ( n = 1,991) were retrospectively selected and stratified in groups by age (young [0-12 mo], adults [13-84 mo], and seniors [>84 mo]), sex (females and males), and reproductive status (intact and neutered)...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803073/leadership-development-initiative-growing-global-leaders%C3%A2-advancing-palliative-care
#11
Frank D Ferris, Shannon Y Moore, Mary V Callaway, Kathleen M Foley
The International Palliative Care Leadership Development Initiative (LDI) is a model demonstration project that aimed to expand the global network of palliative care leaders in low and moderate-resource countries who are well positioned to apply their new leadership skills. Thirty-nine palliative medicine physicians from 25 countries successfully completed the 2-year curriculum that included three thematic residential courses, mentorship and site visits by senior global palliative care leaders, and personal projects to apply their new leadership skills...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801485/identifying-discordance-between-senior-physicians-and-trainees-on-the-root-cause-of-ed-revisits
#12
Michael P Goldman, Michael C Monuteaux, Catherine Perron, Richard G Bachur
OBJECTIVE: Analysis of 72-hour ED revisits is a common emergency medicine quality assurance (QA) practice. Our aim was to compare the perceived root cause for 72-hour ED revisits between senior physicians (attendings) and trainees. We proposed that discordance in perception of why the revisit occurred would guide improvements in 72-hour revisits QA and elucidate innovative educational opportunities. METHODS: Questionnaire-based observational study conducted in an urban academic paediatric ED...
August 11, 2017: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795915/where-teachers-are-few-documenting-available-faculty-in-five-tanzanian-medical-schools
#13
Charles A Mkony, Ephata E Kaaya, Alex J Goodell, Sarah B Macfarlane
Background Faced with one of the lowest physician-to-population ratios in the world, the Government of Tanzania is urging its medical schools to train more physicians. The annual number of medical students admitted across the country rose from 55 in the 1990s to 1,680 approved places for the 2015/16 academic year. These escalating numbers strain existing faculty. Objective To describe the availability of faculty in medical schools in Tanzania. Design We identified faculty lists published on the Internet by five Tanzanian medical schools for the 2011/12 academic year and analyzed the appointment status, rank, discipline, and qualifications of faculty members...
December 2016: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795338/evaluation-of-patient-and-family-engagement-strategies-to-improve-medication-safety
#14
REVIEW
Julia M Kim, Catalina Suarez-Cuervo, Zackary Berger, Joy Lee, Jessica Gayleard, Carol Rosenberg, Natalia Nagy, Kristina Weeks, Sydney Dy
BACKGROUND: Patient and family engagement (PFE) is critical for patient safety. We systematically reviewed types of PFE strategies implemented and their impact on medication safety. METHODS: We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, reference lists and websites to August 2016. Two investigators independently reviewed all abstracts and articles, and articles were additionally reviewed by two senior investigators for selection. One investigator abstracted data and two investigators reviewed the data for accuracy...
August 9, 2017: Patient
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793371/la-cascada-declaration
#15
REVIEW
Lois Cohen, Gunnar Dahlen, Alfonso Escobar, Ole Fejerskov, Newell W Johnson, Firoze Manji
We are a group of senior scientists-researchers, academics and intellectuals-from various parts of the world, with over 250 years' combined experience of working to improve the oral health of communities. The group is entirely independent of any institution, government body or corporate entity. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
August 9, 2017: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792571/-improving-population-mental-health-by-integrating-mental-health-care-into-primary-care
#16
Matthew Menear, Michel Gilbert, Marie-Josée Fleury
Objective The objectives of this review were to identify and compare major international initiatives aiming to integrate mental health services in primary care and to summarize the lessons learned for similar integration efforts in the province of Quebec, Canada.Methods We conducted a narrative review of the literature guided by a conceptual framework drawn from the literature on integrated care. We identified relevant initiatives to support primary mental health care integration through Pubmed searches and through previous systematic reviews on this topic...
2017: Santé Mentale Au Québec
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783863/-the-educational-situation-of-young-chest-physicians-reasons-for-choosing-pneumology-as-specialization-and-assessment-of-carreer-relevant-aspects-by-gender-and-occupational-situation
#17
Lucia Christians, Regina Prenzel
Pneumology is one of the medical areas suffering a lot from young doctors shortage. However, there is an increasing number of young female academics - independent of specialty - whose successful medical career is blocked by internal and external reasons. At the 56th DGP congress (German Society for Pneumology) we did a survey on 358 participating chest physicians in order to identify the career promoting and the career restraining reasons and the relevant aspects regarding the specialty choice of pneumology...
August 2017: Pneumologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783470/differences-in-fitness-level-between-women-aged-60-and-over-participating-in-three-different-supervised-exercise-programs-and-a-sedentary-group
#18
Maria Viladrosa, Ana Lavedán, Pilar Jürschik, Sebastià Mas-Alòs, Antoni Planas-Anzano, Olga Masot
The aim of this study was to compare fitness levels in women aged 60 and over participating in a supervised exercise program (involving tai chi, recreational gymnastics, and/or aquatic fitness) with those in a sedentary group. An observational, descriptive, cross-sectional study was performed on a total of 171 women aged from 60 to 92 who attended public community clubs for older adults. The instruments used included the Senior Fitness Test, the Tinetti Balance Assessment Tool, the Katz Index, and the Lawton & Brody Activities of Daily Living Scale...
August 7, 2017: Journal of Women & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780911/relationship-between-physical-activity-and-physical-performance-in-later-life-in-different-birth-weight-groups
#19
H Jantunen, N S Wasenius, M K Salonen, M-M Perälä, H Kautiainen, M Simonen, P Pohjolainen, E Kajantie, M B von Bonsdorff, J G Eriksson
There is strong evidence that physical activity (PA) has an influence on physical performance in later life. Also, a small body size at birth has been associated with lower physical functioning in older age and both small and high birth weight have shown to be associated with lower leisure time physical activity. However, it is unknown whether size at birth modulates the association between PA and physical performance in old age. We examined 695 individuals from the Helsinki Birth Cohort Study born in Helsinki, Finland between 1934 and 1944...
August 7, 2017: Journal of Developmental Origins of Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780137/the-effect-of-drinking-water-contaminated-with-perfluoroalkyl-substances-on-a-10-year-longitudinal-trend-of-plasma-levels-in-an-elderly-uppsala-cohort
#20
Jordan Stubleski, Samira Salihovic, P Monica Lind, Lars Lind, Linda Dunder, Philip McCleaf, Karin Eurén, Lutz Ahrens, Magnus Svartengren, Bert van Bavel, Anna Kärrman
BACKGROUND: In 2012, drinking water contaminated with per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs), foremost perfluorooctanesulfonic acid (PFOS) and perfluorohexanesulfonic acid (PFHxS) at levels over 20ng/L and 40ng/L, respectively, was confirmed in Uppsala, Sweden. OBJECTIVES: We assessed how a longitudinally sampled cohort's temporal trend in PFAS plasma concentration was influenced by their residential location and determined the plausible association or disparity between the PFASs detected in the drinking water and the trend in the study cohort...
August 3, 2017: Environmental Research
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