keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Paralytic ileus

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766276/anti-ganglionic-achr-antibodies-in-japanese-patients-with-motility-disorders
#1
Akihiro Mukaino, Hitomi Minami, Hajime Isomoto, Hitomi Hamamoto, Eikichi Ihara, Yasuhiro Maeda, Osamu Higuchi, Tohru Okanishi, Yohei Kokudo, Kazushi Deguchi, Fumisato Sasaki, Toshihito Ueki, Ken-Ya Murata, Takeshi Yoshida, Mistuyo Kinjo, Yoshihiro Ogawa, Akio Ido, Hidenori Matsuo, Kazuhiko Nakao, Shunya Nakane
BACKGROUND: The existence of several autoantibodies suggests an autoimmune basis for gastrointestinal (GI) dysmotility. Whether GI motility disorders are features of autoimmune autonomic ganglionopathy (AAG) or are related to circulating anti-ganglionic acetylcholine receptor (gAChR) antibodies (Abs) is not known. The aim of this study was to determine the associations between autonomic dysfunction, anti-gAChR Abs, and clinical features in patients with GI motility disorders including achalasia and chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction (CIPO)...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747596/hand-assisted-living-donor-nephrectomy-a-retrospective-comparison-of-two-techniques
#2
Jeannette D Widmer, Andrea Schlegel, Philipp Kron, Marc Schiesser, Jens G Brockmann, Markus K Muller
BACKGROUND: Living-donor nephrectomy (LDN) is challenging, as surgery is performed on healthy individuals. Minimally invasive techniques for LDN have become standard in most centers. Nevertheless, numerous techniques have been described with no consensus on which is the superior approach. Both hand-assisted retroperitoneoscopic (HARS) and hand-assisted laparoscopic (HALS) LDNs are performed at Zurich University Hospital. The aim of this study was to compare these two surgical techniques in terms of donor outcome and graft function...
May 10, 2018: BMC Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741977/laparoscopic-pelvic-exenteration-for-locally-advanced-rectal-cancer-technique-and-short-term-outcomes
#3
Ashish Pokharkar, Praveen Kammar, Ashwin D'souza, Rahul Bhamre, Pavan Sugoor, Avanish Saklani
BACKGROUND: Since last two decades minimally invasive techniques have revolutionized surgical field. In 2003 Pomel first described laparoscopic pelvic exenteration, since then very few reports have described minimally invasive approaches for total pelvic exenteration. METHODS: We report the 10 cases of locally advanced rectal adenocarcinoma which were operated between the periods from March 1, 2017 to November 11, 2017 at the Tata Memorial Hospital, Mumbai. All male patients had lower rectal cancer with prostate involvement on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)...
May 9, 2018: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739140/quetiapine-related-acute-paralytic-ileus-in-a-bipolar-i-disorder-patient-with-successful-low-dose-amisulpride-substitution-a-case-report
#4
Shun-Ting Chiang, Chen-Chia Lan
The mechanism of medication-induced gastrointestinal hypomotility is primarily caused by muscarinic cholinergic antagonism. This effect may cause constipation and paralytic ileus, which may lead to fatal complications. A 51-year-old woman was admitted due to manic episode recurrence. She developed paralytic ileus under quetiapine use and treated successfully under low dose amisulpride use. The related mechanism, associated risk factors, and the rationale for medication switch are discussed.
May 31, 2018: Clinical Psychopharmacology and Neuroscience: the Official Scientific Journal of the Korean College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723678/role-of-bowel-suspension-technique-to-prevent-early-intestinal-obstruction-after-radical-cystectomy-with-ileal-orthotopic-neobladder-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#5
Wan Song, Hyun Suk Yoon, Kwang Hyun Kim, Hana Yoon, Woo Sik Chung, Bong Suk Sim, Dong Hyeon Lee
OBJECTIVE: We investigate the impact of the bowel suspension technique (BST) on paralytic ileus and early intestinal obstruction (≤60days) after radical cystectomy (RC) with ileal orthotopic neobladder (IONB). METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 310 patients who underwent RC with IONB for bladder cancer between 2001 and 2017. After forming the Studer IONB, ileal continuity was restored by side-to-side stapled anastomosis. Then, we suspended stapled anastomotic portion of bowel on the posterior peritoneum not to fall into the pelvic cavity...
April 30, 2018: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29718879/methamphetamine-consumption-and-life-threatening-abdominal-complications-a-case-report
#6
Xiaojing Zou, Haiyan Huang, Le Yang, Hong Liu, Yongfeng Li, Qin Xia, Shiying Yuan, Shanglong Yao
RATIONALE: Methamphetamine (METH) abuse is increasing rapidly all over the world and becoming a significant public health concern in China. However, abdominal complications secondary to METH abuse are usually overlooked. We describe an unusual case of gangrenous cholecystitis and small intestinal ischemia due to METH abuse. PATIENT CONCERNS: In this report, a 44-year-old male patient with abdominal pain and hematochezia has a history of crystal meth abuse. DIAGNOSIS: The patient was diagnosed as septic shock, paralytic ileus, gangrenous cholecystitis, and small intestinal ischemia due to METH abuse based on computed tomography (CT) scan, endoscopy examination, laparotomy, and pathology...
May 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681983/time-sex-and-dose-dependent-alterations-of-the-gut-microbiota-by-consumption-of-dietary-daikenchuto-tu-100
#7
Jun Miyoshi, Kentaro Nobutani, Mark W Musch, Daina L Ringus, Nathaniel A Hubert, Masahiro Yamamoto, Yoshio Kase, Mitsue Nishiyama, Eugene B Chang
Medications or dietary components can affect both the host and the host's gut microbiota. Changes in the microbiota may influence medication efficacy and interactions. Daikenchuto (TU-100), a herbal medication, comprised of ginger, ginseng, and Japanese pepper, is widely used in Japanese traditional Kampo medicine for intestinal motility and postoperative paralytic ileus. We previously showed in mice that consumption of TU-100 for 4 weeks changed the gut microbiota and increased bioavailability of bacterial ginsenoside metabolites...
2018: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655492/isolated-acute-appendicitis-caused-by-aspergillus-in-a-patient-who-underwent-lung-transplantation-a-case-report
#8
H S Kim, H J Yeo, D H Shin, W H Cho, D Kim
Invasive aspergillosis is an important cause of morbidity and mortality in patients who have undergone lung transplantation. Aspergillus infections usually involve the respiratory tract, with vascular invasion and subsequent dissemination. However, acute appendicitis associated with localized aspergillosis is rare, especially among patients who have undergone prophylaxis with voriconazole. We present a case of primary Aspergillus appendicitis diagnosed by histologic examination in a patient who underwent lung transplantation...
April 11, 2018: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643726/early-versus-delayed-oral-feeding-after-uncomplicated-cesarean-section-under-spinal-anesthesia-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Adamu O Ogbadua, Teddy E Agida, Godwin O Akaba, Olumide A Akitoye, Bissallah A Ekele
Objective: The objective of this study is to compare the safety of early versus delayed oral feeding after uncomplicated cesarean section (CS) under spinal anesthesia. Methods: This was a randomized, controlled trial that enrolled 152 women who had uncomplicated CS under spinal anesthesia between January 2014 and June 2014. Women in the early feeding group had sips of oral fluid 6 h postoperatively while those in the delayed feeding group were on nil per oral for the first 24 h after surgery before commencement on liquid diet...
January 2018: Nigerian Journal of Surgery: Official Publication of the Nigerian Surgical Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29579867/multicentric-study-of-the-andalusian-experience-in-polycystic-liver-disease-as-indication-for-liver-transplantation
#10
S Dios-Barbeito, M Domínguez-Bastante, A Moreno-Navas, F J León-Díaz, Y Fundora-Suárez, F J Briceño-Delgado, M Pitarch-Martínez, M Á Gómez-Bravo
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to determine the morbidity and survival in patients with polycystic liver disease (PLD) undergoing liver transplantation (LT) in 4 Spanish hospitals. METHODS: A multicentric retrospective study using a prospective database was designed including 19 LTs after PLD diagnosis performed from January 1, 1990, to December 31, 2016. Pediatric patients were excluded from the analysis. RESULTS: Of the included patients, 63...
March 2018: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29542027/prolonged-postoperative-ileus-in-a-patient-with-primary-pneumatosis-cystoides-intestinalis-a-case-report
#11
Hiroshi Tamura, Tatsuo Kanda, Tadasu Chida, Hitoshi Kameyama, Ukihide Tateishi, Toshifumi Wakai, Makoto Naito
BACKGROUND: Pneumatosis cystoides intestinalis (PCI) is a rare disease characterized by multiple gas-filled cysts in the intestinal wall and is associated with various comorbidities. We report herein a case of intractable paralytic ileus caused by primary PCI. CASE PRESENTATION: A 73-year-old man visited out hospital complaining of abdominal pain and vomiting. He had been hospitalized twice for intestinal obstruction in the past 2 months. Based on his history of appendectomy, mechanical bowel obstruction caused by adhesion was diagnosed, and the patient underwent surgery...
March 14, 2018: Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29500511/robot-sewn-ileoileal-anastomosis-during-robot-assisted-cystectomy
#12
P Loertzer, S Siemer, M Stöckle, C H Ohlmann
PURPOSE: To analyze the feasibility and perioperative results of patients undergoing robot-assisted cystectomy with intracorporeal urinary diversion and robot-sewn ileoileal anastomosis. METHODS: This is a mono-centric analysis of perioperative data from 48 consecutive patients undergoing robot-assisted cystectomy with intracorporeal urinary diversion and robot-sewn ileoileal anastomosis. Data include the preoperative variables, operative and postoperative course and complication rates related to bowel anastomosis...
March 2, 2018: World Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29430229/pancreatic-pseudocyst-ruptured-due-to-acute-intracystic-hemorrhage
#13
Kunishige Okamura, Masanori Ohara, Tsukasa Kaneko, Tomohide Shirosaki, Aki Fujiwara, Takumi Yamabuki, Ryo Takahashi, Kazuteru Komuro, Nozomu Iwashiro, Noriko Kimura
Rupture of pancreatic pseudocyst is one of the rare complications and usually results in high mortality. The present case was a rupture of pancreatic pseudocyst that could be treated by surgical intervention. A 74-year-old man developed abdominal pain, vomiting, and diarrhea, and he was diagnosed with cholecystitis and pneumonia. Three days later, acute pancreatitis occurred and computed tomography (CT) showed slight hemorrhage in the cyst of the pancreatic tail. After another 10 days, CT showed pancreatic cyst ruptured due to intracystic hemorrhage...
September 2017: Case Reports in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29416273/this-challenging-procedure-has-successful-outcomes-laparoscopic-nephrectomy-in-inflammatory-renal-diseases
#14
Siddharth Jain, Sudhir K Jain, Ram C M Kaza, Yashasvi Singh
In prospective study from November 2011- November 2013, we performed 44 laparoscopic nephrectomies for benign non-functioning kidney diseases. Twenty eight patients underwent laparoscopic transperitoneal nephrectomies (63.6%), ten were laparoscopic assisted (22.7%) and six (13.6%) were converted to open. Patient's age, gender, laterality and etiology of renal failure were noted. Outcomes were measured as operative time, intraoperative and post operative complications, blood loss, pain score and hospital stay...
January 2018: Urology Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29390422/type-v-hypertriglyceridemia-in-children-a-therapeutic-challenge-in-pediatrics-a-case-report-and-a-review-of-the-literature
#15
Cristina Oana Mărginean, Lorena Elena Meliţ, Minodora Dobreanu, Maria Oana Mărginean
RATIONALE: Hypertriglyceridemia is defined as a level of triglycerides above 150 mg/dL. The complex causes and classification of hypertriglyceridemia lead to difficulties in the diagnosis and management of this condition. PATIENT CONCERNS: We present the case of a 15 years and 6 months old female teenager, admitted in our clinic for the following complaints: severe abdominal pain predominantly in the lateral left quadrant, nausea, vomiting, and the lack of stools for 2 days...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29384906/a-rare-case-report-of-multiple-myeloma-presenting-with-paralytic-ileus-and-type-ii-respiratory-failure-due-to-hypercalcemic-crisis
#16
Yuchen Guo, Liang He, Yiming Liu, Xueyuan Cao
RATIONALE: Paralytic ileus is characterized by the signs and symptoms of intestinal obstruction but without any mechanical lesions in the intestinal lumen. Several medical and surgical conditions can lead to this ailment, such as electrolyte disturbances that impair intestinal motility. However, hypercalcemia secondary to multiple myeloma as a major cause of paralytic ileus has rarely been reported. PATIENT CONCERNS: The patient got severe constipation with difficulty in the passage of both gas and feces for 7 days...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338765/infantile-hypertrophic-pyloric-stenosis-a-4-year-experience-from-two-tertiary-care-centres-in-cameroon
#17
Rene Ndongo, Paul Nkemtendong Tolefac, Faustin Félicien Mouafo Tambo, Matin Hongieh Abanda, Marcelin Ngowe Ngowe, Olivier Fola, Bonaventure Dzekem, Patrick Eroyl Weledji, Maurice Aurelien Sosso, Jacqueline Ze Minkande
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to describe the clinical characteristics of patients with infantile hypertrophic stenosis, management and its outcome in two tertiary care centres in Cameroon. RESULTS: A total of 21 patients were included from the two centres. The mean age at presentation was 5.2 ± 1.2 weeks, predominantly male with a male-to-female ratio of 4.25:1. The triad of vomiting, visible peristalsis and palpable mass was present in only 7 (33.3%) of the participants...
January 16, 2018: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324599/risk-factors-incidence-and-morbidity-associated-with-obstetric-clostridium-difficile-infection
#18
Jacob Ruiter-Ligeti, Sophie Vincent, Nicholas Czuzoj-Shulman, Haim Arie Abenhaim
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the risk factors, incidence, and morbidity associated with the diagnosis of obstetric Clostridium difficile infection. METHODS: We performed a retrospective cohort study on women admitted for delivery using the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project Nationwide Inpatient Sample from the United States. The delivery admission records of pregnant women were reviewed between 1999 and 2013. After adjusting for demographic and clinical characteristics, we assessed risk factors for the diagnosis of C difficile infection using unconditional logistic regression...
February 2018: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301587/foodborne-botulism-due-to-ingestion-of-home-canned-green-beans-two-case-reports
#19
Dorothea Hellmich, Katja E Wartenberg, Stephan Zierz, Tobias J Mueller
BACKGROUND: Foodborne botulism is a life-threatening, rapidly progressive disease. It has an incidence of less than 10 cases per year in Germany and mostly affects several previously healthy people at the same time. The only specific treatment is the administration of botulism antitoxin. According to the German guidelines administration of antitoxin is recommended only in the first 24 hours after oral ingestion of the toxin. CASE PRESENTATION: A 47-year-old white woman and her 51-year-old white husband presented with paralysis of multiple cranial nerves and rapidly descending paralysis approximately 72 hours after ingestion of home-canned beans...
January 4, 2018: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279643/meckel-s-diverticulitis-masquerading-as-acute-pancreatitis-a-diagnostic-dilemma
#20
C Danny Darlington, G Fatima Shirly Anitha
Meckel's diverticulum is a remnant of the proximal part of the vitellointestinal duct and is the most common congenital anomaly of the gastrointestinal tract. It may either remain asymptomatic or present with myriad of clinical presentations. Gastrointestinal bleeding is the most common presentation in children whereas it is intestinal obstruction in the case of adults. We report a 9-year-old boy who presented with acute onset of periumbilical pain and nonbilious vomiting. His clinical and laboratory parameters were unremarkable, except for serum amylase levels...
November 2017: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine
keyword
keyword
44124
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"