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Paralytic ileus

Stacy Evans, Erica Yager, Leonie Sutherland, Marty Downey
PURPOSE OF STUDY: Viewing the surgical patient holistically within their environment of care, the bedside nurse is aware of the possible complication of postoperative paralytic ileus that can lead to patient discomfort and increased medical costs. Acute care nurses observed postoperative patients watching televised cooking shows on a consistent basis and questioned if there was a mind-body link between bowel function and watching cooking shows. DESIGN OF STUDY: The study used an observational approach to examine the return of bowel sounds for postoperative patients...
October 4, 2016: Journal of Holistic Nursing: Official Journal of the American Holistic Nurses' Association
Akihito Fujimi, Hiroki Sakamoto, Yuji Kanisawa, Shinya Minami, Yasuhiro Nagamachi, Naofumi Yamauchi, Soushi Ibata, Junji Kato
A 55-year-old man with several comorbidities including idiopathic interstitial pneumonia under long-term corticosteroid therapy, longstanding myocardial infarction, chronic heart failure, paroxysmal atrial fibrillation, gastro-esophageal reflux disease, constipation, and history of paralytic ileus, was diagnosed with chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) in the chronic phase. He also tested positive for anti-topoisomerase I antibodies without clinical diagnosis of any connective tissue disease, including systemic sclerosis...
September 16, 2016: Clinical Journal of Gastroenterology
M A Uddin, E R Reza, M S Islam, M R Hoque, M F Hussain, I Alam, M F Sazzad, N Biswas, M S Kader, M S Malek, F Sultana, K S Rahman
The management of the colon injury remains controversial in spite of a number of divergent reports during the past decade. Previously surgeons were reluctant to do primary anastomosis but now-a-days they are doing primary repair with good results. The present study is designed to see the early outcomes of primary repair in colonic injury. This prospective observational study performed at Dhaka Medical College Hospital, Dhaka, Bangladesh from January 2013 to June 2013 with allocation of 50 patients with colonic injury who underwent laparotomy with primary repair of that injury in the department of Casualty Surgery...
July 2016: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
Anthony Gonzalez, Ernesto Escobar, Rey Romero, Gail Walker, Jacqueline Mejias, Michelle Gallas, Eugene Dickens, Christopher J Johnson, Jorge Rabaza, Omar Yusef Kudsi
BACKGROUND: The open approach continues to be widely performed for ventral hernia repair, while the minimally invasive laparoscopic approach has grown adoption over the last decade. Recently, robotic operation was described as a new modality due to the ease for performing intracorporeal closure of the hernia defect. This study is one of the first multi-institutional case series evaluating robotic-assisted laparoscopic ventral hernia repairs, with the goal of describing robotic-assisted surgical techniques for ventral and incisional hernia repair and the outcomes in teaching and community hospital settings...
August 5, 2016: Surgical Endoscopy
N Falco, T Fontana, R Tutino, C Raspanti, A Mascolino, I Melfa, G Scerrino, G Salamone, G Gulotta
AIM: Laparoscopy is considered a good approach in treatment of colorectal neoplastic diseases; the endoscopic tattooing is then recommended (Evidence Level III and grade of recommendation A) to mark a lesion or a polypectomy site for intraoperative identification. We describe the case of perforation after tattoing treated conservatively. CASE REPORT: 63 years old woman, underwent colonoscopy for lipoma tattooing with India ink SPOT® solution kit and saline test...
March 2016: Il Giornale di Chirurgia
Arafat Khalphallah, Nasr-Eldin M Aref, Enas Elmeligy, Sayed F El-Hawari
AIM: This study was designed for clinical and laboratory evaluation of intestinal obstruction (IO) in buffaloes (Bubalus bubalis) with special emphasis on the diagnostic value of ultrasonographic findings. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total number of 30 buffaloes were included in the study and divided into 2 groups: Healthy (n=10) and diseased group (n=20). Diseased buffaloes were admitted to the Veterinary Teaching Hospital at Assiut University, Egypt, with a history of anorexia, abdominal pain, various degrees of abdominal distention, and absence or presence of scanty mucoid faces...
May 2016: Veterinary World
Stefano Federico, Rosa Carrano, Massimo Sabbatini, Riccardo Nappi, Luigi Russo, Luca Apicella, Mario Maria Balletta, Michele Santangelo, Teresa Mosca, Giovanni Tarantino, Domenico Capone
BACKGROUND: Tacrolimus (TCR) is an immunosuppressive drug used by oral administration. Intravenous (IV) TCR administration is required under conditions of gastrointestinal diseases or abdominal surgery at the onset of paralytic ileus. The infusion formulation needs a large dilution and therefore a careful technical management during continuous infusion by 24 h and may determine anaphylaxis, cardiac arrhythmia, QT prolongation and torsades de pointes. Sublingual (SL) TCR administration was suggested as an alternative route...
July 2016: European Journal of Clinical Investigation
J Chester, P Sidhu, S Sharma, F Israfil-Bayli
Peripartum haemorrhage is an obstetric emergency which requires effective and timely management. A retrospective analysis was conducted at a single centre district hospital, over a 10-year period to describe factors that would lead to a peripartum hysterectomy. We sought to establish intraoperative and postoperative risks and review outcomes and complications associated with the procedure. A total of 29 cases (incidence 0.8 per 1000) were reviewed over 2001-2011. The mean parity was 1.8 and the mean maternal age was 33 years...
2016: Scientifica
Stephan Buse, Carolin Eva Hach, Assen Alexandrov, Rene Mager, Axel Haferkamp
The objectives of this study are to describe the surgical technique for simultaneous en-bloc robot-assisted radical cystectomy and nephro-ureterectomy, to report its surgical bench marks, and finally, to summarize the current evidence on the procedure. After written informed consent, we prospectively enrolled consecutive patients undergoing simultaneous en-bloc robot-assisted radical cystectomy and nephro-ureterectomy in a prospective institutional database. We performed all procedures with robotic assistance from the DaVinci Si-HD(®), a four-arm robotic system...
May 6, 2016: Journal of Robotic Surgery
Xiao-Dong Jiao, Xiu Luo, Wen-Xing Qin, Ling-Yan Yuan, Yuan-Sheng Zang
Nab-paclitaxel is a recently emerged chemotherapy drug, which is widely used for the treatment of multiple types of cancer. The prospects of this novel drug are very bright as a result of its higher efficacy and lower toxicity compared with paclitaxel. Hence, the side effect, even if rare, require attention in clinical practice. The present study described an unusual case of nab-paclitaxel-associated paralytic ileus. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report to demonstrate that nab-paclitaxel may lead to acute intestinal obstruction...
May 2016: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
Xiaohu Zhang, Zhixia Li, Dali An, Jing Liu, Wei Li
OBJECTIVE: Prevention of the misdiagnosis of acute appendicitis when it first manifested as acute intestinal obstruction, and to search proper way of diagnosis and treatment for such event to provide the reference. METHODS: Clinical data of 33 acute appendicitis cases presented with acute intestinal obstruction in Beijing Tong Ren Hospital during January 2000 and December 2015 were analyzed retrospectively. RESULTS: All 33 patients were admitted to the Emergency Department with symptoms of various degrees abdominal pain and abdominal distension...
April 2016: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
Takeo Yasu, Nobuhiro Ohno, Toyotaka Kawamata, Yosuke Kurokawa
Vincristine (VCR) is an important drug used in the treatment of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). VCR-induced neurotoxicity can manifest as peripheral neuropathy, constipation, or paralytic ileus. While there are some case reports describing VCR-induced paralytic ileus (VIPI) in pediatric ALL, there are fewer publication on adult ALL patients. Therefore, we retrospectively investigated VIPI during induction therapy of treatment protocols for ALL in 19 adult patients. The incidence of VIPI was 32%. VIPI was significantly increased in patients receiving concomitant itraconazole (ITCZ) (p = 0...
June 2016: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics
Alain Chichom-Mefire, Tabe Alain Fon, Marcelin Ngowe-Ngowe
BACKGROUND: Acute diffuse peritonitis is a common surgical emergency worldwide and a major contributor to non-trauma related death toll. Its causes vary widely and are correlated with mortality. Community acquired peritonitis seems to play a major role and is frequently related to hollow viscus perforation. Data on the outcome of peritonitis in the tropics are scarce. The aim of this study is to analyze the impact of tropic latitude causes of diffuse peritonitis on morbidity and mortality...
2016: World Journal of Emergency Surgery: WJES
A Houlden, M Goldrick, D Brough, E S Vizi, N Lénárt, B Martinecz, I S Roberts, A Denes
Intestinal microbiota are critical for health with changes associated with diverse human diseases. Research suggests that altered intestinal microbiota can profoundly affect brain function. However, whether altering brain function directly affects the microbiota is unknown. Since it is currently unclear how brain injury induces clinical complications such as infections or paralytic ileus, key contributors to prolonged hospitalization and death post-stroke, we tested in mice the hypothesis that brain damage induced changes in the intestinal microbiota...
October 2016: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity
Yuka Yamagishi, Hiroshige Mikamo
Clostridium difficile (C. difficile) is a major pathogen for diarrhea in hospitalized patients and because of outbreak of highly virulent strain in EU and US, increased length of hospital stay and increased numbers of severe patients and deaths have become major challenges. In recent years, transmissions through community-acquired or food-borne infections are reported. National surveillance has been already performed overseas. Guidelines for preventing C. difficile infection (CDI) is available, and education activities are promoted for preventing the infection spread...
December 2015: Japanese Journal of Antibiotics
Isabel M Castillo-García, Guillermo Maestro, Sergio Puerta, Fernando Ostos, Patricia Nava, Irene Losada
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2016: Actas Españolas de Psiquiatría
D Wichmann, B Kreuels, S Schmiedel, S Kluge
In this case report, we describe the clinical course of a patient with Ebola virus disease who was transferred to the Highly Contagious Pathogens Treatment Unit at the Hamburg University Medical Center. High volume turnover, electrolyte imbalances, paralytic ileus, sepsis with multiresistant gram-negative pathogen, and respiratory failure due to blood aspiration were major clinical challenges.
February 17, 2016: Medizinische Klinik, Intensivmedizin und Notfallmedizin
Dejan V Radenkovic, Colin D Johnson, Natasa Milic, Pavle Gregoric, Nenad Ivancevic, Mihailo Bezmarevic, Dragoljub Bilanovic, Vladimir Cijan, Andrija Antic, Djordje Bajec
Abdominal compartment syndrome (ACS) in patients with severe acute pancreatitis (SAP) is a marker of severe disease. It occurs as combination of inflammation of retroperitoneum, visceral edema, ascites, acute peripancreatic fluid collections, paralytic ileus, and aggressive fluid resuscitation. The frequency of ACS in SAP may be rising due to more aggressive fluid resuscitation, a trend towards conservative treatment, and attempts to use a minimally invasive approach. There remains uncertainty about the most appropriate surgical technique for the treatment of ACS in SAP...
2016: Gastroenterology Research and Practice
Mercy Nkuba Nassali, Tadele Melese Benti, Moreri Bandani-Ntsabele, Elly Musinguzi
BACKGROUND: Despite advances in diagnostic imaging and focused antenatal care, cases of undiagnosed abdominal pregnancies at term are still reported in obstetric practice. It is atypical and very rare for a patient to be asymptomatic late in pregnancy and for the pregnancy to result in a live birth with no evidence of intrauterine growth restriction despite the unfavourable implantation site. This late term asymptomatic presentation despite routine antenatal care demonstrates a diagnostic challenge...
2016: BMC Research Notes
Michael Osseis, Chetana Lim, Eylon Lahat, Alexandre Doussot, Chady Salloum, Daniel Azoulay
In Clozapine users constipation is among the reported side effects including agranulocytosis and myocarditis with prevalence rates ranging from 14% to 60%. In extreme cases this may lead to bowel obstruction and paralytic ileus which, if not detected and treated early, may lead to mortality up to 30%. We report the first case of hepatic outflow block secondary to compression of the liver by a distended colon upstream an impacted fecaloma in a 47-year old schizophrenic man treated by clozapine. Emergency sub-total colectomy was performed for pan-colonic ischemia...
December 2015: Drug Discoveries & Therapeutics
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