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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938687/mediastinal-lesions-across-the-age-spectrum-a-clinicopathological-comparison-between-pediatric-and-adult-patients
#1
Tingting Liu, Lika'a Fasih Y Al-Kzayer, Xiao Xie, Hua Fan, Shamil Naji Sarsam, Yozo Nakazawa, Lei Chen
The objective of this study was to identify the differences in histopathological distribution and clinical features of mediastinal lesions (MLs) across the age spectrum in Chinese series of patients and to compare with the available literature. A total of 409 cases of MLs, including 137 pediatric and 272 adult patients from a single institution, was reviewed and categorized into groups according to age. Among the 409 cases, the age showed a bimodal distribution with an increased incidence of MLs among (< 10 year) and (60-< 70 year) age groups...
August 29, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938508/-angina-pectoris-in-a-young-woman-with-lupus-erythematosus
#2
Simon Braumann, Malte P Bartram, Roman Pfister, Guido Michels
History and clinical findings We present a 31-year old woman with a 6-year history of cutaneous lupus erythematosus (CLE) who presented to the emergency room with typical chest pain. ECG and transthoracic echocardiography were normal. Her working diagnosis of pericarditis was made due to systemic progression of her lupus erythematosus (LE). Treatment with NSAIDs was initiated and her immunosuppressive regimen intensified. The patient was discharged after resolution of her symptoms. A week later, the patient was seen at the rheumatology clinic with recurrence and aggravation of her symptoms...
September 2017: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938265/neonatal-resuscitation-program-rolling-refresher-maintaining-chest-compression-proficiency-through-the-use-of-simulation-based-education
#3
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Advances in Neonatal Care: Official Journal of the National Association of Neonatal Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938261/occupational-and-environmental-risk-factors-for-chronic-fibrosing-idiopathic-interstitial-pneumonia-in-south-korea
#4
Se Yeong Kim, Dong Mug Kang, Hyun Kyung Lee, Kun Hyung Kim, Junghye Choi
OBJECTIVE: We studied the association of occupational and environmental agents with chronic fibrosing idiopathic interstitial pneumonia (IIP) in South Korea. METHODS: We recruited 92 patients with chronic fibrosing IIP and 92 matched controls who had normal chest radiograph findings by age and gender. We used a structured exposure questionnaire to evaluate potential occupational and environmental risk factors for chronic fibrosing IIP, with adjustments for age, smoking, and clinical risk factors...
September 21, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938228/sex-determination-from-chest-measurements-in-a-sample-of-egyptian-adults-using-multislice-computed-tomography
#5
Ragaa T Darwish, Manal H Abdel-Aziz, Abdel-Aziz M El Nekiedy, Zahraa K Sobh
BACKGROUND: In forensic sciences to determine one's sex is quite important during the identity defining stage. The reliability of sex determination depends on the completeness of the remains and the degree of sexual dimorphism inherent in the population. Computed Tomography is the imaging modality of choice for two- and three-dimensional documentation and analysis of many autopsy findings. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present work was to assess the reliability of Three-dimensional Multislice Computed Tomography (3D MSCT) to determine sexual dimorphism from certain chest measurements; sternum and fourth rib using the 3D MSCT and to develop equations for sex determination from these bones among adult Egyptians sample...
September 11, 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938052/effectiveness-of-tb-sensitization-initiatives-in-improving-the-involvement-of-self-help-group-members-in-rural-tb-control-in-south-india
#6
Beena Thomas, B Priscilla Rebecca, A Dhanalakshmi, S Rani, A Deepa Lakshmi, Basilea Watson, R Vijayalakshmi, M Muniyandi, N Karikalan
Background: The 'End TB strategy' has highlighted the importance of inter-sectoral collaboration and community mobilization for achieving zero TB deaths by 2020. Objective: The aim of the study was to develop and test a model TB sensitization programme involving self help groups (SHGs). Methodology: This experimental study was conducted in two blocks (intervention and control), in Tiruvallur district. The intervention content included short-lecture, musical story telling activity, role play, short film on TB...
December 1, 2016: Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937837/lung-function-functional-capacity-and-respiratory-symptoms-at-discharge-from-hospital-in-patients-with-acute-pulmonary-embolism-a-cross-sectional-study
#7
Jenny S Danielsbacka, Monika Fagevik Olsén, Per-Olof Hansson, Kaisa Mannerkorpi
BACKGROUND: Acute pulmonary embolism (PE) is a cardiovascular disease with symptoms including respiratory associated chest pain (RACP) and dyspnea. No previous studies exist focusing on lung function, functional capacity, and respiratory symptoms at discharge after PE. OBJECTIVES: The aim was to examine and describe lung function, functional capacity, and respiratory symptoms at discharge in patients with PE and compare to reference values. PATIENTS/METHODS: Fifty consecutive patients with PE admitted to the Acute Medical Unit, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, were included...
September 22, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937433/a-case-of-phacomatosis-pigmentokeratotica-associated-with-multiple-basal-cell-carcinomas
#8
Seung-Hee Loh, Bark-Lynn Lew, Woo-Young Sim
Phacomatosis pigmentokeratotica is a recently identified disease characterized by the coexistence of an epidermal nevus with sebaceous differentiation arranged along Blaschko lines and a speckled lentiginous nevus showing a checkerboard pattern, mostly in association with various extracutaneous defects. A 52-year-old man presented with asymptomatic ulcerative plaque on his left side of perioral area. A 2 × 2-cm-sized fleshy colored ulceration on his left perioral area was consistent with basal cell carcinoma with nevus sebaceous...
September 13, 2017: American Journal of Dermatopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937385/primary-classical-hodgkin-lymphoma-of-rectum-report-of-an-extremely-rare-case-and-review-of-the-literature
#9
Jayasudha Arundhathi Vasudevan, Rekha A Nair, K Rakul Nambiar
Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) commonly presents as nodal disease, but in a subset of cases, the disease primarily develops in extranodal sites. Primary classical HL of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract is an extremely rare occurrence. Primary nature of the disease is confirmed after a complete lymphoma work up including chest radiograph, computed tomography scan, peripheral blood, and bone marrow studies. Only a few cases of primary GI lymphomas with limited immunohistochemical or molecular confirmation have been reported in literature...
July 2017: Indian Journal of Pathology & Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937365/immunohistochemical-characterization-of-glandular-elements-in-glandular-cardiac-myxoma-study-of-six-cases
#10
Devajit Nath, Sudheer Arava, Ruma Ray, Amol Kumar Bhoje, Rachit Saxena, Shiv Kumar Chaudhary
Back ground: Glandular cardiac myxoma has varying clinical presentation with uncertain histogenesis and debatable immunohistochemical profile. Glandular epithelial differentiations are rare phenomenon known to be present as an intrinsic component of the tumor. The origin of the glands has been attributed to epithelial differentiation of a totipotent cardiomyogenic precursor cells or the entrapped foregut rests in the tumor. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective study includes six cases of glandular cardiac myxoma collected over a perior of 4 years...
July 2017: Indian Journal of Pathology & Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936998/venous-thromboembolism-due-to-hyperhomocysteinaemia-and-tuberculosis
#11
Ankush Chaudhary, Unnati Desai, Jyotsna M Joshi
An 18-year-old male presented to our hospital with complaints of episodic abdominal pain, dry cough and right pleuritic chest pain. He was diagnosed as a case of right tuberculous pleural effusion on the basis of the pleural fluid Genexpert report of Mycobacterium tuberculosis detected sensitive to rifampicin and was started on antituberculous therapy. Forty-five days later, he presented with acute onset breathlessness, swelling of the right leg, streaky haemoptysis and a fresh left-sided pleural effusion. Evaluation revealed venous thromboembolism (right lower lobar segment pulmonary embolism with right leg deep vein thrombosis)...
May 2017: National Medical Journal of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936988/reducing-radiation-exposure-with-iterative-reconstruction-an-inter-and-intra-scanner-analysis
#12
Aaron Rohr, Jo Wick, Jacqueline Hill, Carissa Walter, Neville Irani, Shaun Best, Kirk Miller, Ryan Ash
Our purpose in this study was to compare delivered radiation exposure via Computed Tomography Dose Index Volume (CTDIvol) and Dose Length Production (DLP) measurements from computed tomography (CT) examinations performed on scanners with and without image-quality enhancing iterative reconstruction (IR) software. A retrospective analysis was conducted on randomly selected chest, abdomen, and/or pelvis CT examinations from three different scanners from January 1, 2013 to December 31, 2013. CTDIvol and DLP measurements were obtained from two CT scanners with and one CT scanner without IR software...
September 22, 2017: Journal of Radiological Protection: Official Journal of the Society for Radiological Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936955/-analysis-of-characteristics-of-bacteria-in-respiratory-tract-infection-in-2013-2016-in-heibei-3a-hospital-a-single-center-report-of-7-497-patients
#13
Lili Hou, Lili Liu, Ping Dang, Guannan Kang, Qinfeng Zhang, Dongling Li
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the changes and characteristics of respiratory tract bacteria in Hebei 3A Hospital, and to provide new rationale for clinical diagnosis and treatment. METHODS: A single-center retrospective analysis was conducted. 7 497 patients with respiratory tract infection admitted to Hebei Chest Hospital from January 2013 to December 2016 were enrolled. Deep sputum was collected, and the bacterial cultures and susceptibility analysis was conducted in sputum and upper respiratory secretions were collected by fiberoptic bronchoscopy...
September 2017: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936892/initial-experience-with-cinematic-rendering-for-chest-cardiovascular-imaging
#14
Steven Rowe, Pamela Johnson, Elliot Fishman
Three-dimensional (3D) computed tomography (CT) with volume rendering (VR) and maximum intensity projection (MIP) is an integral component of CT interpretation for diagnosis and treatment planning of vascular pathology. Cinematic rendering (CR is a new rendering algorithm that incorporates a more advanced lighting model than that used for VR, to create photorealistic 3D CT images. The post-processing tool is not yet widely available and its ultimate clinical utility has yet to be assessed in well-designed studies...
September 22, 2017: British Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936891/keeping-up-appearances-the-radiographic-evolution-of-cardiovascular-implantable-electronic-devices
#15
Benedict M Wiles, Caroline A Illingworth, John R Paisey, Paul R Roberts, Stephen P Harden
In recent years there has been a significant evolution in the field of cardiovascular implantable electronic devices (CIED). Pacemakers can now be leadless, implantable cardioverter defibrillators can be entirely subcutaneous and implantable loop recorders have become miniaturised. Driven by technological advances and an ageing population implant numbers have also steadily increased. These highly prevalent systems are all radio opaque and are frequently observed on chest radiographs, yet the devices are neither well recognised nor understood...
September 22, 2017: British Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935854/comparison-of-helical-tomotherapy-and-direct-tomotherapy-in-bilateral-whole-breast-irradiation-in-a-case-of-bilateral-synchronous-grade-1-and-stage-1-breast-cancer
#16
Valentina Lancellotta, Martina Iacco, Elisabetta Perrucci, Claudio Zucchetti, Anna Concetta Dipilato, Lorenzo Falcinelli, Isabella Palumbo, Cynthia Aristei
BACKGROUND Synchronous bilateral breast cancer is rare. A case is presented where whole breast irradiation (WBI) was planned after breast conserving surgery in a patient with synchronous bilateral breast cancer. A comparison was made between the feasibility of helical tomotherapy and direct tomotherapy. CASE REPORT A 60-year-old woman was found to have bilateral breast nodules on routine mammographic screening, resulting in bilateral lumpectomy and sentinel lymph node biopsy. Histopathology showed a 6 mm diameter invasive ductal carcinoma in the right breast (Grade 1, hormone receptor positive, HER2 negative) and an 8mm diameter tubular carcinoma in the left breast (Grade 1, hormone receptor positive, HER2 negative)...
September 22, 2017: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935345/robotic-thymectomy-is-feasible-for-large-thymomas-a-propensity-matched-comparison
#17
Peter J Kneuertz, Mohamed K Kamel, Brendon M Stiles, Benjamin E Lee, Mohamed Rahouma, Abu Nasar, Nasser K Altorki, Jeffrey L Port
BACKGROUND: Robotic-assisted thymectomy (RAT) is increasingly performed for resection of thymomas. Its application for large tumors remains controversial. In this study, we evaluated the safety and feasibility of RAT for large thymomas in comparison with transsternal thymectomy (ST). METHODS: A single institution database was reviewed for patients who underwent RAT for thymoma of 4 cm or larger between 2004 and 2016. Propensity scores were applied to match RAT with ST patients, based on age, sex, tumor size, and Masaoka stage...
September 18, 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935032/effect-of-definition-on-incidence-and-prognosis-of-type-2-myocardial-infarction
#18
Thomas Nestelberger, Jasper Boeddinghaus, Patrick Badertscher, Raphael Twerenbold, Karin Wildi, Dominik Breitenbücher, Zaid Sabti, Christian Puelacher, Maria Rubini Giménez, Nikola Kozhuharov, Ivo Strebel, Lorraine Sazgary, Deborah Schneider, Janina Jann, Jeanne du Fay de Lavallaz, Òscar Miró, F Javier Martin-Sanchez, Beata Morawiec, Damian Kawecki, Piotr Muzyk, Dagmar I Keller, Nicolas Geigy, Stefan Osswald, Tobias Reichlin, Christian Mueller
BACKGROUND: Uncertainties regarding the most appropriate definition and treatment of type 2 myocardial infarction (T2MI) due to supply-demand mismatch have contributed to inconsistent adoption in clinical practice. OBJECTIVES: This study sought a better understanding of the effect of the definition of T2MI on its incidence, treatment, and event-related mortality, thereby addressing an important unmet clinical need. METHODS: The final diagnosis was adjudicated in patients presenting with symptoms suggestive of myocardial infarction by 2 independent cardiologists by 2 methods: 1 method required the presence of coronary artery disease, a common interpretation of the 2007 universal definition (T2MI2007); and 1 method did not require coronary artery disease, the 2012 universal definition (T2MI2012)...
September 26, 2017: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935012/-combining-3d-ctba-and-3d-vats-single-operation-hole-to-%C3%A2-anatomical-segmentectomy-in-the-treatment-of-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#19
Xiaowei She, Yunbin Gu, Chun Xu, Xinyu Song, Chang Li, Cheng Ding, Jun Chen, Yongsheng Gong, Jun Zhao
BACKGROUND: China is a high-incidence area of lung cancer, and its morbidity and mortality were the highest in malignant tumors. At present, the popularization of low-dose computed tomography (CT) examination has significantly improved the detection rate of early lung cancer, anatomical segmentectomy is currently widely used early in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and those who cannot tolerate lobectomy in patients with lung cancer. However, the anatomical structure of segment and its surgical operation is relatively complex, lead to segmentectomy has a high risk and difficulty...
September 20, 2017: Zhongguo Fei Ai za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934897/single-incision-versus-multiport-video-assisted-thoracoscopic-surgery-in-the-treatment-of-lung-cancer-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
Zhang Yang, Zhenghai Shen, Qinghua Zhou, Yunchao Huang
OBJECTIVES: Recent studies compared single-incision thoracoscopic surgery (SITS) with more widely used conventional multiport video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery in the treatment of lung cancer. To establish the safety and feasible of SITS in the treatment of lung cancer, we conducted this systematic review and meta-analysis. METHODS: Eleven studies were identified from the databases of PubMed, Cochrane Library, SpringerLink, and ScienceDirect. The randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and non-randomized studies evaluated the outcomes of SITS compared with multiport video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery in the treatment of lung cancer were included for analysis...
September 21, 2017: Acta Chirurgica Belgica
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