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chronic regional pain syndrome

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807628/vertebral-alveolar-echinococcosis-a-case-report-systematic-analysis-and-review-of-the-literature
#1
REVIEW
Thomas Raphael Meinel, Bruno Gottstein, Vanessa Geib, Marius Johann Keel, Ruggero Biral, Markus Mohaupt, Jan Brügger
Alveolar echinococcosis caused by Echinococcus multilocularis is an infrequent zoonosis with a high degree of disability, morbidity, and mortality, especially in disease clusters of the northern hemisphere. The diagnosis is complicated by extended incubation time, diverse clinical manifestations, and mimicking of differential diagnoses. The primary organ affected is the liver, but extrahepatic disease is possible, with vertebral involvement in only a few dozen cases described worldwide. Although vertebral alveolar echinococcosis seems to be rare, it might be under diagnosed, and it might be seen more often as the number of people with immunocompromised conditions increases...
August 11, 2017: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805780/-regional-and-peripheral-blockades-for-prevention-of-chronic-post-thoracotomy-pain-syndrome-in-oncosurgical-practice
#2
V E Khoronenko, A S Malanova, D S Baskakov, A B Ryabov, O V Pikin
AIM: To compare an effectiveness of thoracic epidural anesthesia/analgesia, paravertebral and intercostal blockades in prevention of chronic post-thoracotomy pain syndrome (CPTPS) in oncosurgery. MATERIAL AND METHODS: There were 300 patients who underwent open surgery including lobectomy or pneumonectomy. Patients were randomized into 3 groups depending on type of anesthesia: TEA (n=100) - combined general and epidural anesthesia; PVB (n=50) - combined general and paravertebral anesthesia; ICB (n=50) - general anesthesia was supplemented by intercostal blockade after removal of the drug...
2017: Khirurgiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802070/memantine-for-the-treatment-of-general-neuropathic-pain-a-narrative-review
#3
REVIEW
Gisèle Pickering, Véronique Morel
Neuropathic pain (NP) is difficult to treat and is associated with a decline in quality of life. NP aetiologies are numerous and a number of pathologies display neuropathic characteristics. Of the various N-Methyl-D-Aspartate antagonists that are alternatives to recommended in first-line NP treatment, memantine has the safest side-effect profile and has long been approved in Alzheimer's disease. The review covers memantine studies in post-herpetic neuralgia, diabetic pain, postoperative pain, complex regional pain syndrome, chronic phantom limb pain, opioid refractory pain, and fibromyalgia...
August 12, 2017: Fundamental & Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798671/bodily-sensory-inputs-and-anomalous-bodily-experiences-in-complex-regional-pain-syndrome-evaluation-of-the-potential-effects-of-sound-feedback
#4
Ana Tajadura-Jiménez, Helen Cohen, Nadia Bianchi-Berthouze
Neuroscientific studies have shown that human's mental body representations are not fixed but are constantly updated through sensory feedback, including sound feedback. This suggests potential new therapeutic sensory approaches for patients experiencing body-perception disturbances (BPD). BPD can occur in association with chronic pain, for example in Complex Regional Pain Syndrome (CRPS). BPD often impacts on emotional, social, and motor functioning. Here we present the results from a proof-of-principle pilot study investigating the potential value of using sound feedback for altering BPD and its related emotional state and motor behavior in those with CRPS...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791845/diagnosis-and-treatment-of-pelvic-congestion-syndrome-single-centre-experiences
#5
Tadeusz A Dorobisz, Jerzy S Garcarek, Jacek Kurcz, Krzysztof Korta, Andrzej T Dorobisz, Przemysław Podgórski, Jan Skóra, Piotr Szyber
BACKGROUND: One of the underestimated causes of chronic pelvic pain (CPP) in women may be pelvic congestion syndrome (PCS) that is defined as the presence of varicose of ovarian and pelvic veins associated with chronic pain in the region of the pelvis. This pain is present longer than 6 months and intensifies with prolonged standing, coitus and menstruation. The disease constitutes a diagnostic as well as therapeutic problem, thus posing a challenge for the clinician. Transcatheter ovarian vein embolization might be a safe and effective option for PCS treatment...
March 2017: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774452/imaging-of-posttraumatic-arthritis-avascular-necrosis-septic-arthritis-complex-regional-pain-syndrome-and-cancer-mimicking-arthritis
#6
REVIEW
Andrey Rupasov, Usa Cain, Simone Montoya, Johan G Blickman
This article focuses on the imaging of 5 discrete entities with a common end result of disability: posttraumatic arthritis, a common form of secondary osteoarthritis that results from a prior insult to the joint; avascular necrosis, a disease of impaired osseous blood flow, leading to cellular death and subsequent osseous collapse; septic arthritis, an infectious process leading to destructive changes within the joint; complex regional pain syndrome, a chronic limb-confined painful condition arising after injury; and cases of cancer mimicking arthritis, in which the initial findings seem to represent arthritis, despite a more insidious cause...
September 2017: Radiologic Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758313/altered-theta-oscillations-in-resting-eeg-of-fibromyalgia-syndrome-patients
#7
N Fallon, Y Chiu, T Nurmikko, A Stancak
BACKGROUND: Fibromyalgia syndrome (FM) is a chronic pain disorder characterized by widespread pain, sleep disturbance, fatigue and cognitive/affective symptoms. Functional imaging studies have revealed that FM and other chronic pain syndromes can affect resting brain activity. This study utilized electroencephalographic (EEG) recordings to investigate the relative power of ongoing oscillatory activity in the resting brain. METHODS: A 64-channel EEG was recorded at rest in 19 female FM patients and 18 healthy, age-matched, control subjects...
July 31, 2017: European Journal of Pain: EJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744844/suspected-adverse-effects-after-human-papillomavirus-vaccination-a-temporal-relationship-between-vaccine-administration-and-the-appearance-of-symptoms-in-japan
#8
Kazuki Ozawa, Akiyo Hineno, Tomomi Kinoshita, Sakiko Ishihara, Shu-Ichi Ikeda
INTRODUCTION: In Japan, after receiving human papillomavirus vaccination, a significant number of adolescent girls experienced various symptoms, the vast majority of which have been ascribed to chronic regional pain syndrome, orthostatic intolerance, and/or cognitive dysfunction. However, a causal link has not been established between human papillomavirus vaccination and the development of these symptoms. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to clarify the temporal relationship between human papillomavirus vaccination and the appearance of post-vaccination symptoms...
July 25, 2017: Drug Safety: An International Journal of Medical Toxicology and Drug Experience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741324/-endoscopic-treatment-for-the-posterior-impingement-of-the-ankle
#9
A Cuéllar-Avaroma, M A King-Hayata, M C Martínez-de Anda, M King-Martínez, A C King-Martínez
BACKGROUND: Chronic pain on the posterior portion of the ankle is often due to posterior impingement between bony or soft tissue structures. The presence of an os trigonum or a prominent posterior apophysis of the talus can produce this impingement. The purpose of this study was to assess the outcome of hindfoot endoscopy in patients with a diagnosis of posterior ankle impingement. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We studied 24 individuals who underwent a posterior ankle endoscopic procedure during the period between 2008 and 2012, with the diagnosis of posterior ankle impingement...
January 2017: Acta Ortopédica Mexicana
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740270/the-significance-of-brain-transcranial-sonography-in-burning-mouth-syndrome-a-pilot-study
#10
Iris Zavoreo, Vanja Vučićević, Boras, Dijana Zadravec, Vanja Bašić, Kes, Dubravka Ciliga, Dragana Gabrić
OBJECTIVE: Burning mouth syndrome (BMS) is a chronic disorder which is affecting mostly postmenopausal women and is characterized by burning symptoms in the oral cavity on the clinically healthy oral mucosa. Also, the results of previous studies suggested a possible role of peripheral and/or central neurological disturbances in these patients. The aim of this study was to analyze patients with burning mouth syndrome using transcranial sonography. METHODS: By use of transcranial sonography of the brain parenchyma, substantia nigra, midbrain raphe and brain nucleus were evaluated in 20 patients with BMS (64...
March 2017: Acta Stomatologica Croatica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734863/significant-linkage-evidence-for-interstitial-cystitis-painful-bladder-syndrome-on-chromosome-3
#11
Kristina Allen-Brady, Kerry Rowe, Melissa Cessna, Sara Lenherr, Peggy Norton
PURPOSE: Interstitial cystitis/painful bladder syndrome (IC/PBS) is a chronic pelvic pain condition with unknown etiology. We hypothesized that related IC/PBS cases were more likely to have a genetic etiology. The purpose of this study was to perform a genetic linkage analysis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: IC/PBS cases were identified using diagnostic codes linked to a population-based genealogy resource (Utah Population Database) and electronic medical records. For this analysis, 13 high-risk pedigrees (defined as having a statistical excess number of IC/PBS cases among descendants compared to matched hospital population rates) were used...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726540/mechanisms-of-the-analgesic-effect-of-calcitonin-on-chronic-pain-by-alteration-of-receptor-or-channel-expression
#12
Akitoshi Ito, Megumu Yoshimura
The polypeptide hormone calcitonin is well known clinically for its ability to relieve osteoporotic back pain and neuropathic pain such as spinal canal stenosis, diabetic neuropathy, chemotherapy-induced neuropathy, and complex regional pain syndrome. Because the analgesic effects of calcitonin have a broad range, the underlying mechanisms of pain relief by calcitonin are largely unknown. However, recent studies using several types of chronic pain models combined with various methods have been gradually clarifying the mechanism...
January 2017: Molecular Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716513/update-in-the-treatment-of-chronic-pain-within-pediatric-patients
#13
Jeffrey Rabin, Mackenzie Brown, Sean Alexander
Pediatric chronic pain is a challenging entity to evaluate and treat as it encompasses a wide variety of presentations often with overlapping psychosocial implications. Chronic pain may have significant effects upon a child's involvement in academic, athletic, and social participation. If unrecognized, it may have deleterious effects upon family interactions and stability. The treatment of pediatric chronic pain is focused on not only providing analgesia, but also on assisting the child and family with reintegrating into a more functional lifestyle...
July 14, 2017: Current Problems in Pediatric and Adolescent Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700507/pramipexole-induced-limb-dystonia-and-its-associated-complex-regional-pain-syndrome-in-idiopathic-parkinson-s-disease-a-case-report
#14
Donghwi Park
RATIONALE: This case may be due to basal ganglia dysfunction, which was probably caused by abnormal activation of dopamine 1-like receptor (D1R) boosted by pramipexole binding on dopamine 3-like receptor (D3R) in a situation where D3R was overexpressed by the chronic treatment of L-dopa. PATIENT CONCERNS: Striatal hand and foot deformities. DIAGNOSES: Striatal hand and foot deformities with CRPS. INTERVENTIONS: Steroid treatemnt and withdrawal of the pramipexole...
July 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692702/impaired-insula-functional-connectivity-associated-with-persistent-pain-perception-in-patients-with-complex-regional-pain-syndrome
#15
Jae-Hun Kim, Soo-Hee Choi, Joon Hwan Jang, Do-Hyeong Lee, Kyung-Jun Lee, Won Joon Lee, Jee Youn Moon, Yong Chul Kim, Do-Hyung Kang
Given that the insula plays a contributory role in the perception of chronic pain, we examined the resting-state functional connectivity between the insular cortex and other brain regions to investigate neural underpinnings of persisting perception of background pain in patients with complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS). A total of 25 patients with CRPS and 25 matched healthy controls underwent functional magnetic resonance imaging at rest. With the anterior and posterior insular cortices as seed regions, we compared the strength of the resting-state functional connectivity between the two groups...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685627/hyperacusis-in-chronic-pain-neural-interactions-between-the-auditory-and-nociceptive-systems
#16
Aries P Suhnan, Philip M Finch, Peter D Drummond
OBJECTIVE: Sensory disturbances are common in chronic pain patients. Hyperacusis can be an especially debilitating experience. Here, we review published work on how the auditory and nociceptive systems might interact in chronic pain syndromes to produce pain-hyperacusis. DESIGN: Literature review. STUDY SAMPLE: The PubMed and Scopus databases were searched for relevant articles published between 2000 and 2017 using the primary search terms "hyperacusis"/"hyperacousis" and "pain"...
July 7, 2017: International Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670779/quantitative-ultrasound-assessment-of-myofascial-pain-syndrome-affecting-the-trapezius-a-reliability-study
#17
Dinesh Kumbhare, Saurabh Shaw, Liza Grosman-Rimon, Michael D Noseworthy
OBJECTIVES: Myofascial pain syndrome is one of the most common causes of chronic pain and is highlighted by the presence of myofascial trigger points. The current practice of diagnosing myofascial pain syndrome among clinicians involves manual detection of myofascial trigger points, which can be inconsistent. However, the detection process can be strengthened with the assistance of ultrasound (US). Therefore, this study aimed to characterize the upper trapezius by using quantitative techniques in healthy asymptomatic individuals with neck pain...
July 3, 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670058/management-of-complex-regional-pain-syndrome
#18
Jason Chung-Chieh Lo, Joel Cavazos, Christopher Burnett
Complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS) is a relatively rare, chronic, and debilitating condition that significantly impacts the patient's quality of life. There is an overall paucity of literature addressing the management of CRPS in immunocompromised patients. We define features of CRPS, outline its treatment options, and describe a course of CRPS management for a 35-year-old patient who had heart transplantation requiring immunosuppressive medications.
July 2017: Proceedings of the Baylor University Medical Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654557/the-effectiveness-of-transcranial-direct-current-stimulation-as-an-add-on-modality-to-graded-motor-imagery-for-treatment-of-complex-regional-pain-syndrome-a-randomized-proof-of-concept-study
#19
Émilie Lagueux, Michaël Bernier, Patricia Bourgault, Kevin Whittingstall, Catherine Mercier, Guillaume Léonard, Sarah Laroche, Yannick Tousignant-Laflamme
BACKGROUND: The efficacy of graded motor imagery (GMI) for the management of complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS) is supported by evidence, but its treatment effect remains generally modest. Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) has been advocated as an adjunct intervention to enhance the effect of motor imagery approaches in pain populations. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of GMI+active tDCS compared to the GMI+sham tDCS in the treatment of CRPS type I...
June 16, 2017: Clinical Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642688/lower-functional-connectivity-of-the-periaqueductal-gray-is-related-to-negative-affect-and-clinical-manifestations-of-fibromyalgia
#20
Marie-Andrée Coulombe, Keith St Lawrence, Dwight E Moulin, Patricia Morley-Forster, Mahsa Shokouhi, Warren R Nielson, Karen D Davis
Fibromyalgia (FM) syndrome is characterized by chronic widespread pain, muscle tenderness and emotional distress. Previous studies found reduced endogenous pain modulation in FM. This deficiency of pain modulation may be related to the attributes of chronic pain and other clinical symptoms experienced in patients with FM. Thus, we tested whether there is a link between the clinical symptoms of FM and functional connectivity (FC) of the periaqueductal gray (PAG), a key node of pain modulation. We acquired resting state 3T functional MRI (rsfMRI) data from 23 female patients with FM and 16 age- and sex- matched healthy controls (HC) and assessed FM symptoms with the Brief Pain Inventory (BPI), Fibromyalgia Impact Questionnaire (FIQ), Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) and Pain Catastrophizing Scale (PCS)...
2017: Frontiers in Neuroanatomy
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