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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735437/prospective-and-retrospective-study-of-videoconference-telemedicine-follow-up-after-elective-neurosurgery-results-of-a-pilot-program
#1
Melissa Reider-Demer, Pushpa Raja, Neil Martin, Mariel Schwinger, Diana Babayan
Existing literature suggests that use of telemedicine during postoperative appointments can increase access to care and is valued by patients and providers alike. While research examining the clinical equivalency of telemedicine visits for postoperative care has been growing, few studies have reported on telemedicine follow-up after neurosurgery. This study examined if a videoconferencing visit could substitute for an in-person clinic visit for elective neurosurgical cases in the USA. This was a single-center prospective study of patients who underwent elective neurosurgical procedures (aneurysm clipping, resection of cavernous angiomas, resection of arterial venous malformation, microvascular decompression for trigeminal neuralgia and hemifacial spasm, and certain benign brain tumors) and were offered telemedicine follow-up care by an allied health professional during the first 90 days after neurosurgery...
July 22, 2017: Neurosurgical Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735288/scapular-dyskinesis-increases-the-risk-of-future-shoulder-pain-by-43-in-asymptomatic-athletes-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
REVIEW
Darren Hickey, Veronica Solvig, Vinicius Cavalheri, Meg Harrold, Leanda Mckenna
BACKGROUND: It is unclear whether the presence of scapular dyskinesis increases the risk of developing shoulder pain in asymptomatic athletes. OBJECTIVES: To determine whether the presence of scapular dyskinesis in asymptomatic athletes increases the risk of developing shoulder pain by systematic review and meta-analysis. METHODS: A systematic search was conducted in the Cochrane Library, Embase, PubMed, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, Allied and Complementary Medicine Database and SPORTDiscus...
July 22, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734974/the-effects-of-pneumoperitoneum-and-the-steep-trendelenburg-position-on-heart-rate-variability-and-cerebral-oxygenation-during-robotic-sacrocolpopexy
#3
Emad Matanes, Amir Weissman, Aleksandr Rivlin, Roy Lauterbach, Amnon Amit, Zeev Wiener, Lior Lowenstein
STUDY OBJECTIVE: The aim of the current study was to investigate how steep Trendelenburg positioning with pneumoperitoneum modifies brain oxygenation and autonomic nervous system modulation of heart rate variability during robotic sacrocolpopexy. DESIGN: A 5-minute computerized ECG, cerebral O2 saturation (cSO2), systemic O2 saturation (sSO2), heart rate (HR), diastolic blood pressure (BP), systolic BP and end tidal CO2 tension were recorded immediately after anesthesia induction (baseline phase) and after alterations in positioning and in intra-abdominal pressure...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734650/treatment-of-cracked-teeth
#4
Shaymaa Alkhalifah, Halimah Alkandari, Prem N Sharma, Alex J Moule
Although many options are proposed for the treatment of cracked posterior teeth, most treatment decisions are not evidence based. Thus, considerable individual variation can occur regarding treatment recommendations for the same scenario. To our knowledge, there are no studies in the literature assessing practitioners' attitudes toward the treatment of cracked teeth. This research recorded variations between general practitioners and specialist groups regarding the treatment approaches of cracked teeth. In a cross-sectional structured questionnaire survey, 32 prosthodontists, 34 endodontists, and 29 general practitioners working in public and private dental health services in Kuwait were assessed regarding their treatment approach to 5 different clinical cracked tooth scenarios...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Endodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734254/childhood-polybrominated-diphenyl-ether-pbde-exposure-and-neurobehavior-in-children-at-8-years
#5
Ann M Vuong, Kimberly Yolton, Changchun Xie, Glenys M Webster, Andreas Sjödin, Joseph M Braun, Kim N Dietrich, Bruce P Lanphear, Aimin Chen
BACKGROUND: Prenatal polybrominated diphenyl ether (PBDE) exposure has been associated with decrements in IQ and increased attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder related behaviors in children; however, data are limited for the role of postnatal exposures. OBJECTIVES: We investigated the association between a series of childhood PBDE concentrations and Full-Scale Intelligence Quotient (FSIQ) and externalizing problems at 8 years. METHODS: We used data from 208 children in the Health Outcomes and Measures of the Environment (HOME) Study, a prospective pregnancy and birth cohort...
July 19, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734200/rates-of-meaningful-change-in-the-mental-health-of-children-in-long-term-out-of-home-care-a-seven-to-nine-year-prospective-study
#6
Michael Tarren-Sweeney
Children residing in long-term out-of-home care have high rates of clinical-level mental health difficulties. However, the stability of these children's difficulties throughout their time in care is uncertain. This paper reports estimates of the seven- to nine-year stability of carer-reported scores on the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) and Assessment Checklists for Children (ACC) and Adolescents (ACA) for 85 children in long-term foster or kinship care. Prospective score changes on the CBCL total problems and ACC-ACA shared-item scales were assigned to one of four change groups: 'sustained mental health'; 'meaningful improvement'; 'no meaningful change'; and 'meaningful deterioration'...
July 19, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733802/assisted-reproductive-technology-treatments-and-quality-of-life-a-longitudinal-study-among-subfertile-women-and-men
#7
Francesca Agostini, Fiorella Monti, Federica Andrei, Marcella Paterlini, Stefano Palomba, Giovanni Battista La Sala
PURPOSE: Quality of life (QoL) may represent a comprehensive indicator for the assessment of the psychological impact of complex clinical conditions, such as infertility. Infertile women have a worse QoL compared to both infertile men and non-infertile controls. However, the initial phases of infertility treatments have been frequently investigated using cross-sectional study designs. This prospective longitudinal study aimed at assessing the health-related QoL change across different phases of assisted reproductive technology (ART) treatments in subfertile women and men...
July 21, 2017: Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733473/do-depression-and-anxiety-reduce-the-likelihood-of-remission-in-rheumatoid-arthritis-and-psoriatic-arthritis-data-from-the-prospective-multicentre-nor-dmard-study
#8
Brigitte Michelsen, Eirik Klami Kristianslund, Joseph Sexton, Hilde Berner Hammer, Karen Minde Fagerli, Elisabeth Lie, Ada Wierød, Synøve Kalstad, Erik Rødevand, Frode Krøll, Glenn Haugeberg, Tore K Kvien
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the predictive value of baseline depression/anxiety on the likelihood of achieving joint remission in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and psoriatic arthritis (PsA) as well as the associations between baseline depression/anxiety and the components of the remission criteria at follow-up. METHODS: We included 1326 patients with RA and 728 patients with PsA from the prospective observational NOR-DMARD study starting first-time tumour necrosis factor inhibitors or methotrexate...
July 21, 2017: Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733182/the-association-of-depressive-symptoms-with-rates-of-acute-exacerbations-in-patients-with-copd-results-from-a-3-year-longitudinal-follow-up-of-the-eclipse-cohort
#9
Abebaw Mengistu Yohannes, Hana Mülerová, Kim Lavoie, Jorgen Vestbo, Steve I Rennard, Emile Wouters, Nicola A Hanania
BACKGROUND: Depression increases disability and health care utilization in older patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). OBJECTIVES: To determine contribution of depressive symptoms to the incidence of moderate-severe and severe acute exacerbations of COPD (AECOPD) over 3 years. DESIGN: We analyzed data collected from a prospective cohort of patients with COPD (Evaluation of COPD Longitudinally to Identify Predictive Surrogate Endpoints; ECLIPSE)...
July 18, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732085/point-of-care-screening-for-hepatitis-b-virus-infection-in-pregnant-women-at-an-antenatal-clinic-a-south-african-experience
#10
Nafiisah Chotun, Wolfgang Preiser, Christoffel Johannes van Rensburg, Pedro Fernandez, Gerhard Barnard Theron, Dieter Glebe, Monique Ingrid Andersson
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Elimination of HIV and syphilis mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) has received much attention but little consideration has been given to the possibility of elimination of HBV MTCT. In sub-Saharan Africa, HBV vertical transmission continues to be reported and it remains an important public health problem. This study aimed to assess the feasibility of screening pregnant women for HBV using a point-of-care (POC) test and implementing interventions to prevent HBV MTCT...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731958/pain-catastrophizing-and-pain-health-related-quality-of-life-in-endometriosis
#11
Allison E McPeak, Catherine Allaire, Christina Williams, Arianne Albert, Sarka Lisonkova, Paul J Yong
OBJECTIVES: To determine if pain catastrophizing is independently associated with pain health-related quality-of-life in women with endometriosis, independent of potential confounders. METHODS: Analysis of cross-sectional baseline data from a prospective database at a tertiary referral center for endometriosis/pelvic pain. Referrals to the center were recruited between December 2013 to April 2015, with data collected from online patient questionnaires, physical examination, and review of medical records...
July 20, 2017: Clinical Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731848/usability-acceptability-and-impact-of-a-pediatric-teledermatology-mobile-health-application
#12
Alexander G Fiks, Linda Fleisher, Lindsay Berrigan, Emily Sykes, Stephanie L Mayne, Rachel Gruver, Katherine Halkyard, Olivia S Jew, Patrick FitzGerald, Flaura Winston, Patrick McMahon
OBJECTIVE: Pediatric dermatology appointment wait times often exceed several months. We evaluated the usability, acceptability, and clinical impact of a store-and-forward teledermatology mobile application (app) linking families with pediatric dermatologists. METHODS: Parents of children age 6 weeks to 17 years or individuals 18-21 years old were invited (by e-mail or referral) to participate in this single group, prospective study. Within the app, users photographed the skin condition, answered questions, and submitted their case for review...
July 21, 2017: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731491/patient-satisfaction-and-acceptance-of-their-totally-implanted-central-venous-catheter-a-french-prospective-multicenter-study
#13
Pierre-Yves Marcy, Renaud Schiappa, Jean-Marc Ferrero, Christian Dahlet, Olivier Brenet, Gabriel Yazbec, Pierre-Yves Dubois, Bernard Salm, Yves Fouche, Veronique Mari, Marion Montastruc, Nathalie Lebrec, Benoit Ancel, Nicolas Paillocher, Denis Dupoiron, Olivier Rangeard, Jocelyn Gal, Marc Ettaiche, Yann Chateau, Emmanuel Chamorey
INTRODUCTION: Most cancer patients require a totally implanted central venous catheter (TIVAD) for their treatment. In a previous study, we developed and validated a questionnaire dubbed QASICC (Questionnaire for Acceptance of, and Satisfaction with, Implanted Central Venous Catheter) assessing patient satisfaction with, and acceptance of, their TIVAD. In the present study, we conducted a large, prospective, multicenter study in cancer patients aimed to analyze factors that could influence patients' acceptance of, and satisfaction with, their device...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Vascular Access
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730697/impact-of-simultaneous-glutamate-dehydrogenase-gdh-and-toxin-a-b-rapid-immunoassay-on-clostridium-difficile-diagnosis-and-treatment-in-hospitalized-patients-with-antibiotic-associated-diarrhea-in-a-university-hospital-of-brazil
#14
Guilherme Grossi Lopes Cançado, Rodrigo Otávio Silveira Silva, Amanda Pontes Nader, Francisco Carlos Faria Lobato, Eduardo Garcia Vilela
BACKGROUND: Clostridium difficile is a major cause of health care-associated infection, but disagreement between diagnostic tests is an ongoing barrier to clinical decision making. Conventional enzyme immunoassay (EIA) for toxin detection is currently the most frequently used technique for CDI diagnosis, but its low sensitivity makes the development of an alternative strategy necessary for improving the diagnosis in developing countries. METHODS: Between years 2011 and 2015, 154 stool samples from patients with antibiotic-associated diarrhea were examined by toxigenic culture (TC) and EIA for the diagnosis of CDI...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730687/efficacy-of-abatacept-in-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-as-assessed-by-magnetic-resonance-imaging-of-bilateral-hands
#15
Yuji Kukida, Akiko Kasahara, Takahiro Seno, Takuya Inoue, Risa Sagawa, Takashi Kida, Amane Nakabayashi, Hidetake Nagahara, Ken Murakami, Toshifumi Sugitani, Satoshi Morita, Hirotoshi Ito, Ryo Oda, Hiroyoshi Fujiwara, Masataka Kohno, Yutaka Kawahito
AIM: To examine the efficacy of abatacept in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of bilateral hands. METHOD: This prospective study included 35 RA patients. MRI of bilateral hands was performed at baseline and after 12 months of treatment with intravenous abatacept. MRI images were scored for synovitis, osteitis, erosion and joint space narrowing (JSN) according to the RA MRI Scoring System (RAMRIS). The primary endpoint was the change in RAMRIS score from baseline...
July 21, 2017: International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729709/sex-based-differences-in-the-association-between-body-composition-and-incident-fracture-risk-in-koreans
#16
Jung Hee Kim, A Ram Hong, Hyung Jin Choi, Eu Jeong Ku, Nam H Cho, Chan Soo Shin
The relative contribution of lean mass and fat mass on bone health is inconclusive. We investigated the relative contributions of lean and fat masses on fragility fracture risk in Korean men and women. This was an ongoing prospective community-dwelling cohort study at Ansung beginning in 2001, which included 2,189 men and 2,625 women over 40 years old. Study subjects were classified into the following four groups according to lean mass (LM)/height(2) and percentage fat mass (PF). Clinical fragility fracture events were assessed at baseline and biennially using self-reported questionnaires...
July 20, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729304/effectiveness-of-the-management-of-major-depressive-episodes-disorder-in-adults-with-comorbid-chronic-physical-diseases-a-protocol-for-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
Pablo Martínez, Ariel Castro, Diego Alonso, Paul A Vöhringer, Graciela Rojas
INTRODUCTION: Depression is a global-scale public health problem, and a significant association has been established between depression and chronic physical diseases. This growing comorbidity poses a challenge to healthcare systems. We aim to assess the effectiveness of the management of major depressive episodes/disorder in adults with comorbid chronic physical diseases. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: We will conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised clinical trials...
July 20, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729251/inclusion-of-a-genetic-risk-score-into-a-validated-risk-prediction-model-for-colorectal-cancer-in-japanese-men-improves-performance
#18
Motoki Iwasaki, Sachiko Tanaka-Mizuno, Aya Kuchiba, Taiki Yamaji, Norie Sawada, Atsushi Goto, Taichi Shimazu, Shizuka Sasazuki, Hansong Wang, Loic Le Marchand, Shoichiro Tsugane
We previously developed and validated a risk prediction model for colorectal cancer in Japanese men using modifiable risk factors. To further improve risk prediction, we evaluated the degree of improvement obtained by adding a genetic risk score (GRS) using genome-wide association study (GWAS)-identified risk variants to our validated model. We examined the association between 36 risk variants identified by GWAS and colorectal cancer risk using a weighted Cox proportional hazard model in a nested case-control study within the Japan Public Health Center-based Prospective Study...
July 20, 2017: Cancer Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729171/exercise-therapy-in-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
REVIEW
Gregor Kuntze, Colleen Nesbitt, Jackie L Whittaker, Alberto Nettel-Aguirre, Clodagh Toomey, Shane Esau, Patricia K Doyle-Baker, Jena Shank, Julia Brooks, Susanne Benseler, Carolyn A Emery
OBJECTIVE: To conduct a systematic review to evaluate the efficacy of exercise interventions on improving outcomes across domains of functioning and disability in children and adolescents with Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis (JIA). DATA SOURCES: Seven electronic databases were systematically searched up to December 2016. STUDY SELECTION: Original data, analytic prospective design, physical therapy led exercise intervention evaluation, children and adolescents with JIA, and assessment of functional, structural, activity, participation or quality of life outcomes...
July 17, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729099/implementing-a-cervical-sentinel-lymph-node-biopsy-program-quality-improvement-in-gynaecologic-oncology
#20
Maria C Cusimano, Rachel Walker, Marcus Q Bernardini, Geneviève Bouchard-Fortier, Stephane Laframboise, Taymaa May, Joan Murphy, Barry Rosen, Al Covens, Blaise Clarke, Patricia Shaw, Marjan Rouzbahman, Ravi Mohan, Sarah E Ferguson
OBJECTIVE: Sentinel lymph node (SLN) biopsy is becoming a reasonable alternative to pelvic lymphadenectomy in early-stage cervical cancer. It is therefore imperative that centres without prior experience are able to successfully implement the procedure. The objectives of the current study were to (1) describe the process of implementing an SLN biopsy program with a novel peer mentorship component and (2) assess post-program quality improvement metrics, including SLN detection rate (DR) and diagnostic parameters...
August 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
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