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Prospective health assessment

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646688/solar-radiation-and-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest-in-japan
#1
Daisuke Onozuka, Akihito Hagihara
BACKGROUND: Although several studies have estimated the effects of temperature on mortality and morbidity, little is known regarding the burden of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) attributable to solar radiation. METHODS: We obtained data for all cases of OHCA and meteorological data reported between 2011 and 2014 in 3 Japanese prefectures: Hokkaido, Ibaraki, and Fukuoka. We first examined the relationship between daily solar radiation and OHCA risk for each prefecture using time-varying distributed lag non-linear models and then pooled the results in a multivariate random-effects meta-analysis...
June 21, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646537/explaining-infant-feeding-the-role-of-previous-personal-and-vicarious-experience-on-attitudes-subjective-norms-self-efficacy-and-breastfeeding-outcomes
#2
Naomi C Bartle, Kate Harvey
OBJECTIVES: Breastfeeding confers important health benefits to both infants and their mothers, but rates are low in the United Kingdom and other developed countries despite widespread promotion. This study examined the relationships between personal and vicarious experience of infant feeding, self-efficacy, the theory of planned behaviour variables of attitudes and subjective norm, and the likelihood of breastfeeding at 6-8 weeks post-natally. DESIGN: A prospective questionnaire study of both first-time mothers (n = 77) and experienced breastfeeders (n = 72) recruited at an antenatal clinic in South East England...
June 23, 2017: British Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645981/work-related-psychosocial-factors-and-onset-of-metabolic-syndrome-among-workers-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-protocol
#3
Asuka Sakuraya, Kazuhiro Watanabe, Norito Kawakami, Kotaro Imamura, Emiko Ando, Yumi Asai, Hisashi Eguchi, Yuka Kobayashi, Norimitsu Nishida, Hideaki Arima, Akihito Shimazu, Akizumi Tsutsumi
INTRODUCTION: Metabolic syndrome is an important public health target because of its high prevalence worldwide. Work-related psychosocial factors have been identified as determinants of metabolic syndrome components. However, there have been no systematic reviews or meta-analyses conducted to evaluate the relationship between work-related psychosocial factors and metabolic syndrome as an aggregated cluster. The aim of this study is to examine this association from published prospective studies...
June 22, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645890/tailored-communication-within-mobile-apps-for-diabetes-self-management-a-systematic-review
#4
Heidi Holmen, Astrid Klopstad Wahl, Milada Cvancarova Småstuen, Lis Ribu
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of diabetes is increasing and with the requirements for self-management and risk of late complications, it remains a challenge for the individual and society. Patients can benefit from support from health care personnel in their self-management, and the traditional communication between patients and health care personnel is changing. Smartphones and apps offer a unique platform for communication, but apps with integrated health care personnel communication based on patient data are yet to be investigated to provide evidence of possible effects...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645870/impact-on-environment-ecosystem-diversity-and-health-from-culturing-and-using-gmos-as-feed-and-food
#5
REVIEW
Aristidis M Tsatsakis, Muhammad Amjad Nawaz, Victor A Tutelyan, Kirill S Golokhvast, Olga-Ioanna Kalantzi, Duck Hwa Chung, Sung Jo Kang, Michael D Coleman, Nadia Tyshko, Seung Hwan Yang, Gyuhwa Chung
Modern agriculture provides the potential for sustainable feeding of the world's increasing population. Up to the present moment, genetically modified (GM) products have enabled increased yields and reduced pesticide usage. Nevertheless, GM products are controversial amongst policy makers, scientists and the consumers, regarding their possible environmental, ecological, and health risks. Scientific-and-political debates can even influence legislation and prospective risk assessment procedure. Currently, the scientifically-assessed direct hazardous impacts of GM food and feed on fauna and flora are conflicting; indeed, a review of literature available data provides some evidence of GM environmental and health risks...
June 20, 2017: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645572/longitudinal-associations-between-mental-health-conditions-and-overactive-bladder-in-women-veterans
#6
Catherine S Bradley, Ingrid E Nygaard, Stephen L Hillis, James C Torner, Anne G Sadler
BACKGROUND: One in five recently deployed U.S. women veterans report overactive bladder symptoms. Mental health conditions such as depression and anxiety commonly co-occur in women with overactive bladder, but temporal relationships between these outcomes have not been well-studied, and the mechanism behind this association is unknown. The Women Veterans Urinary Health Study, a nationwide longitudinal study in recently deployed women veterans, was designed to better understand relationships between overactive bladder and mental health conditions...
June 20, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645568/predictors-of-successful-telephone-follow-up-in-a-multicenter-study-of-infants-with-severe-bronchiolitis
#7
Vickie Wu, Nora Abo-Sido, Janice A Espinola, Courtney N Tierney, Kathleen T Tedesco, Ashley F Sullivan, Carlos A Camargo
PURPOSE: To identify the characteristics that predict successful telephone follow-up with parents of infants with severe bronchiolitis. METHODS: We analyzed data from a 17-center, prospective cohort study of infants (age <1 year) hospitalized with bronchiolitis during three consecutive fall/winter seasons. Participant contact information and clinical data were collected during the index hospitalization. Parents were called at 6-month intervals (based on the child's age) after discharge to assess respiratory problems...
June 5, 2017: Annals of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643048/association-of-gastrointestinal-events-with-quality-of-life-and-treatment-satisfaction-in-osteoporosis-patients-results-from-the-medication-use-patterns-treatment-satisfaction-and-inadequate-control-of-osteoporosis-study-music-os
#8
A Modi, S Sen, J D Adachi, S Adami, B Cortet, A L Cooper, P Geusens, D Mellström, J P Weaver, J P van den Bergh, P A Keown, S Sajjan
The purpose of this study was to assess the association of GI events with HRQoL and treatment satisfaction. The effect of baseline GI events persisted through 1 year of follow-up, as indicated by lower EQ-5D, OPAQ-SV, and treatment satisfaction scores among patients with vs without baseline GI events. The presence of GI events is an independent predictor of decreased HRQoL and treatment satisfaction in patients being treated for osteoporosis. INTRODUCTION: The goal of this study was to assess the association of gastrointestinal (GI) events with health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and treatment satisfaction in patients being treated for osteoporosis...
June 22, 2017: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642795/why-do-the-youths-in-northeast-india-use-tobacco
#9
Laishram Ladusingh, Preeti Dhillon, Pralip Kumar Narzary
This study is an assessment of the influence of parent's tobacco use on prospective tobacco use trajectories among young offspring. The study is based on unit level data from District Level Household and Facility Survey-4 (2012-2013) comprising 27,706 youths in 15-24 years' age group from northeastern states of India and used multilevel regression to identify the potential risk factors of tobacco consumption. The likelihood of using tobacco was found to be 3.4 and 1.14 times more, respectively, for the youths coresiding with mothers who use tobacco and fathers who use tobacco, in comparison to youths staying with parents not taking tobacco...
2017: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642251/physical-activity-cognitive-decline-and-risk-of-dementia-28-year-follow-up-of-whitehall-ii-cohort-study
#10
Séverine Sabia, Aline Dugravot, Jean-François Dartigues, Jessica Abell, Alexis Elbaz, Mika Kivimäki, Archana Singh-Manoux
Objective To test the hypotheses that physical activity in midlife is not associated with a reduced risk of dementia and that the preclinical phase of dementia is characterised by a decline in physical activity.Design Prospective cohort study with a mean follow-up of 27 years.Setting Civil service departments in London (Whitehall II study).Participants 10 308 participants aged 35-55 years at study inception (1985-88). Exposures included time spent in mild, moderate to vigorous, and total physical activity assessed seven times between 1985 and 2013 and categorised as "recommended" if duration of moderate to vigorous physical activity was 2...
June 22, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642125/safety-and-efficacy-of-dual-lead-thalamic-deep-brain-stimulation-for-patients-with-treatment-refractory-multiple-sclerosis-tremor-a-single-centre-randomised-single-blind-pilot-trial
#11
Seth F Oliveria, Ramon L Rodriguez, Dawn Bowers, Daniel Kantor, Justin D Hilliard, Erin H Monari, Bonnie M Scott, Michael S Okun, Kelly D Foote
BACKGROUND: Efficacy in previous studies of surgical treatments of refractory multiple sclerosis tremor using lesioning or deep brain stimulation (DBS) has been variable. The aim of this study was to investigate the safety and efficacy of dual-lead thalamic DBS (one targeting the ventralis intermedius-ventralis oralis posterior nucleus border [the VIM lead] and one targeting the ventralis oralis anterior-ventralis oralis posterior border [the VO lead]) for the treatment of multiple sclerosis tremor...
June 19, 2017: Lancet Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641582/a-multicentre-randomised-controlled-trial-of-levetiracetam-versus-phenytoin-for-convulsive-status-epilepticus-in-children-protocol-convulsive-status-epilepticus-paediatric-trial-consept-a-predict-study
#12
Stuart R Dalziel, Jeremy Furyk, Megan Bonisch, Ed Oakley, Meredith Borland, Jocelyn Neutze, Susan Donath, Cynthia Sharpe, Simon Harvey, Andrew Davidson, Simon Craig, Natalie Phillips, Shane George, Arjun Rao, Nicholas Cheng, Michael Zhang, Kam Sinn, Amit Kochar, Christine Brabyn, Franz E Babl
BACKGROUND: Convulsive status epilepticus (CSE) is the most common life-threatening childhood neurological emergency. Despite this, there is a lack of high quality evidence supporting medication use after first line benzodiazepines, with current treatment protocols based solely on non-experimental evidence and expert opinion. The current standard of care, phenytoin, is only 60% effective, and associated with considerable adverse effects. A newer anti-convulsant, levetiracetam, can be given faster, is potentially more efficacious, with a more tolerable side effect profile...
June 22, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640434/catechol-o-methyltransferase-genotype-and-gait-speed-changes-over-10-years-in-older-adults
#13
Andrea L Metti, Caterina Rosano, Robert Boudreau, Robyn Massa, Kristine Yaffe, Suzanne Satterfield, Tamara Harris, Andrea L Rosso
OBJECTIVES: To determine the association between catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) genotype and 6-m walk time and to determine whether these associations are quadratic in nature, similar to previously reported U-shaped associations between dopamine and gait and cognition. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: Health, Aging and Body Composition Study. PARTICIPANTS: Black (n = 850) and white (n = 1,352) men and women with a mean age of 73...
June 22, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639693/thromboelastography-may-predict-risk-of-grade-2-bleeding-in-thrombocytopenic-patients
#14
E N Opheim, T O Apelseth, S J Stanworth, G E Eide, T Hervig
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Platelet count is used as a prophylactic platelet transfusion trigger, although evidence suggests that it is a poor predictor of bleeding. Thus, alternative tests are required. The primary objective of this study was to compare thromboelastography (TEG) parameters on days with and without bleeding symptoms. The secondary objectives were to investigate the relationship between TEG parameters and haematological variables, fever, C-reactive protein (CRP) and platelet transfusion...
June 22, 2017: Vox Sanguinis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638965/internalizing-and-externalizing-problems-in-childhood-and-adolescence-as-predictors-of-work-incapacity-in-young-adulthood
#15
Jurgita Narusyte, Annina Ropponen, Kristina Alexanderson, Pia Svedberg
BACKGROUND: There is limited information regarding the association between youth mental health problems and work incapacity in adulthood. We investigated whether internalizing (depressive, anxious, somatic complaints) and externalizing (aggressive, rule-breaking) behavior problems in childhood and adolescence were associated with sickness absence (SA) and disability pension (DP) in young adulthood. METHODS: Data were used from the population-based and prospective Twin Study of Child and Adolescent Development (TCHAD) which includes all Swedish twins born in 1985-1986 (N = 2570)...
June 21, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638278/lifespan-and-associated-factors-of-peripheral-intravenous-cannula-among-infants-admitted-in-public-hospitals-of-mekelle-city-tigray-ethiopia-2016
#16
Eskedar Birhane, Kalayou Kidanu, Mekuria Kassa, Dawit Gerezgiher, Lidia Tsegay, Brhanu Weldu, Genet Kidane, Hadgu Gerensea
BACKGROUND: Peripheral Intravenous cannula (IV) is the most common vascular access device used to administer medications with the exception of medication or fluid with high or low PH or hyperosmolarity which may cause severe damage to small veins. The insertion of a peripheral intravenous cannula in newborn infants can be difficult. Appropriate veins with sufficient capacity to insert a cannula become less available throughout the hospital stay. Once a peripheral intravenous cannula is inserted, it is desirable that its patency can be maintained as long as possible...
2017: BMC Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637731/the-impact-of-the-asylum-process-on-mental-health-a-longitudinal-study-of-unaccompanied-refugee-minors-in-norway
#17
Marianne Jakobsen, Melinda Ashley Meyer DeMott, Tore Wentzel-Larsen, Trond Heir
OBJECTIVES: To examine the mental health of unaccompanied refugee minors prospectively during the asylum-seeking process, with a focus on specific stages in the asylum process, such as age assessment, placement in a supportive or non-supportive facility and final decision on the asylum applications. DESIGN: This was a2½ year follow-up study of unaccompanied minors (UM) seeking asylum in Norway. Data were collected within three weeks (n=138) and at 4 months (n=101), 15 months (n=84) and 26 months (n=69) after arrival...
June 21, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636844/clonal-hematopoiesis-and-risk-of-atherosclerotic-cardiovascular-disease
#18
Siddhartha Jaiswal, Pradeep Natarajan, Alexander J Silver, Christopher J Gibson, Alexander G Bick, Eugenia Shvartz, Marie McConkey, Namrata Gupta, Stacey Gabriel, Diego Ardissino, Usman Baber, Roxana Mehran, Valentin Fuster, John Danesh, Philippe Frossard, Danish Saleheen, Olle Melander, Galina K Sukhova, Donna Neuberg, Peter Libby, Sekar Kathiresan, Benjamin L Ebert
Background Clonal hematopoiesis of indeterminate potential (CHIP), which is defined as the presence of an expanded somatic blood-cell clone in persons without other hematologic abnormalities, is common among older persons and is associated with an increased risk of hematologic cancer. We previously found preliminary evidence for an association between CHIP and atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease, but the nature of this association was unclear. Methods We used whole-exome sequencing to detect the presence of CHIP in peripheral-blood cells and associated such presence with coronary heart disease using samples from four case-control studies that together enrolled 4726 participants with coronary heart disease and 3529 controls...
June 21, 2017: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634699/cost-effective-analysis-of-disease-modifying-anti-rheumatic-drugs-in-rheumatoid-arthritis
#19
Ashit Syngle, Sudeep Kaur, Inderjeet Verma, Tanya Syngle, Vijaita Syngle
The main objective of the study was to perform the pharmacoeconomic analysis of synthetic disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs in rheumatoid arthritis patients. A prospective, observational study was conducted in 98 rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients meeting 2010 Rheumatoid Arthritis Classification Criteria. Treatment-naive RA patients were initiated on synthetic disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs (DMARD/s) and followed up for 3 months. Average cost-effectiveness analysis was done by taking Health Assessment Questionnaire Disability Index (HAQ-DI) score as a measure of effectiveness...
June 21, 2017: Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633449/night-work-as-a-risk-factor-of-future-disability-pension-due-to-musculoskeletal-diagnoses-a-prospective-cohort-study-of-swedish-twins
#20
Sanna Kärkkäinen, Annina Ropponen, Jurgita Narusyte, Lisa Mather, Torbjörn Åkerstedt, Karri Silventoinen, Ellenor Mittendorfer-Rutz, Pia Svedberg
Background: This study investigated the associations between night work, sleep and disability pension (DP) due to musculoskeletal disorders (MSD), while controlling for several confounding factors including both genetic factors and shared family background. Methods: The study sample consisted of 27 165 Swedish twin individuals born in 1935-58 with comprehensive survey data on sociodemographic, health and lifestyle factors. Night work was assessed as years of working hours at night at least every now and then, and categorized into 'not at all, 1-10 years and over 10 years'...
June 19, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
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