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Prospective health assessment

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351041/a-new-technique-in-alveolar-cleft-bone-grafting-for-dental-implant-placement-in-patients-with-cleft-lip-and-palate
#1
Vo Van Nhan, Le Van Son, Ta Anh Tuan, Nguyen Tai Son, Trinh Dinh Hai, Le Duc Lanh, Nguyen Manh Ha, Lam Dai Phong
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate 2 iliac corticocancellous-block grafting techniques for dental implant placement in residual alveolar clefts. DESIGN: Nonrandomized prospective clinical trial between March 2010 and December 2014. SETTING: National Hospital of Odonto-Stomatology, Hanoi, Vietnam. PARTICIPANTS: Thirty-two patients (23 female, 9 male; mean age, 21.28 years; range, 16-31 years) with unilateral complete alveolar cleft after reconstructive surgery for cleft lip and palate (CLP)...
February 2018: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350402/effectiveness-and-safety-of-original-and-generic-sofosbuvir-for-the-treatment-of-chronic-hepatitis-c-a-real-world-study
#2
Sebastián Marciano, Leila Haddad, María Virginia Reggiardo, Mirta Peralta, Cecilia Vistarini, Mónica Marino, Valeria Inés Descalzi, Claudia D'Amico, Sebastián Figueroa Escuti, Luis Alejandro Gaite, Roberto Pérez Ravier, Cristina Longo, Silvia Mabel Borzi, Omar Andrés Galdame, Fernando Bessone, Hugo Alberto Fainboim, Silvia Frías, Mariano Cartier, Adrián Carlos Gadano
We report the first real-world prospective multicenter cohort study that evaluated the effectiveness and safety of original or generic sofosbuvir-based regimens in patients with chronic hepatitis C in Latin America. The main endpoints were assessment of sustained virological response and serious adverse events rates. A total of 321 patients with chronic hepatitis C treated with the following regimens were included: sofosbuvir plus daclatasvir for 12 (n = 34) or 24 (n = 135) weeks, sofosbuvir plus daclatasvir plus ribavirin for 12 (n = 84) or 24 (n = 56) weeks, or sofosbuvir plus ribavirin for 12 (n = 8) or 24 (n = 2) weeks...
January 19, 2018: Journal of Medical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349902/association-between-pre-sarcopenia-sarcopenia-and-bone-mineral-density-in-patients-with-chronic-hepatitis-c
#3
Tatiana Bering, Kiara G D Diniz, Marta Paula P Coelho, Diego A Vieira, Maria Marta S Soares, Adriana M Kakehasi, Maria Isabel T D Correia, Rosângela Teixeira, Dulciene M M Queiroz, Gifone A Rocha, Luciana D Silva
BACKGROUND: Preserved skeletal muscle is essential for the maintenance of healthy bone. Loss of bone mineral density (BMD) and muscle strength, considered a predictor of BMD, have been demonstrated in patients with cirrhosis, but they are poorly studied in chronic hepatitis C (CHC) without cirrhosis. Thus, we aimed to evaluate the prevalence of low BMD and its association with body composition, muscle strength, and nutritional status in CHC. METHODS: One hundred and four subjects [mean age, 50...
January 19, 2018: Journal of Cachexia, Sarcopenia and Muscle
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349285/a-smart-phone-intervention-to-address-mental-health-stigma-in-the-construction-industry-a-two-arm-randomised-controlled-trial
#4
A Milner, P C F Law, C Mann, T Cooper, K Witt, A D LaMontagne
Background: High levels of self-stigma are associated with a range of adverse mental health, treatment, and functional outcomes. This prospective study examined the effects of an electronic mental health stigma reduction intervention on self-stigma (self-blame, shame, and help-seeking inhibition) among male construction workers in Australia. Method: Male construction workers (N = 682) were randomly assigned to receive either the intervention condition or the wait list control over a six-week period...
April 2018: SSM—Population Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346783/does-2-pro-prostate-specific-antigen-meet-the-criteria-to-justify-its-inclusion-in-the-clinical-decision-making-process
#5
Angeles Sanchis-Bonet, Marta Barrionuevo-González, Ana Bajo-Chueca, Nelson Morales-Palacios, Manuel Sanchez-Chapado
INTRODUCTION: To assess whether [-2]pro-prostate-specific antigen (p2PSA) meets the criteria to justify its inclusion in a predictive model of prostate cancer (PCa) diagnosis and in the clinical decision-making process. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total 172 men with total prostate-specific antigen of 2-10 ng/mL underwent measurement of free PSA and p2PSA before prostate biopsy in an observational and prospective study. From these measurements, the Prostate Health Index (PHI) was calculated...
January 18, 2018: Urologia Internationalis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345859/development-of-a-risk-prediction-model-for-lung-cancer-the-japan-public-health-center-based-prospective-study
#6
Hadrien Charvat, Shizuka Sasazuki, Taichi Shimazu, Sanjeev Budhathoki, Manami Inoue, Motoki Iwasaki, Norie Sawada, Taiki Yamaji, Shoichiro Tsugane
While the impact of tobacco consumption on the occurrence of lung cancer is well-established, risk estimation could be improved by risk prediction models that consider various smoking habits, such as quantity, duration, and time since quitting. We constructed a risk prediction model using a population of 59,161 individuals from JPHC Study Cohort II. A parametric survival model was used to assess the impact of age, gender and smoking-related factors (cumulative smoking intensity measured in pack-years, age at initiation, and time since cessation)...
January 18, 2018: Cancer Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345750/mobility-trajectories-at-the-end-of-life-comparing-clinical-condition-and-latent-class-approaches
#7
June R Lunney, Steven M Albert, Robert Boudreau, Diane Ives, Suzanne Satterfield, Anne B Newman, Tamara Harris
OBJECTIVES: To assess mobility disability trajectories before death in a large sample of very old adults using two analytical approaches to determine how well they corresponded. DESIGN: Decedent sample from the Health, Aging and Body Composition (Health ABC) Study. Data were collected between 1997 and 2015. SETTING: Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, and Memphis, Tennessee. PARTICIPANTS: Individuals randomly selected from well-functioning white Medicare beneficiaries and all black community residents meeting age criteria (70-79) (N = 3,075)...
January 18, 2018: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344377/major-adverse-cardiac-and-cerebrovascular-event-and-patients-quality-of-life-after-endoscopic-vein-harvesting-as-compared-with-open-vein-harvest-maqeh-a-pilot-study
#8
Heyman Luckraz, Carly Cartwright, Kumaresan Nagarajan, Prabhjeet Kaur, Alan Nevill
Background: This is a prospective, comparative, pilot and follow-up (2-year postoperatively) study in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft surgery where the long saphenous vein was harvested either by the endoscopic vein harvest (EVH) technique or open vein harvest (OVH) technique. Quality of life (QOL) and major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events (MACCE) were assessed. Methods: Alive patients who were initially part of a pilot study when EVH was introduced in our institution were included (n=48 EVH, n=49 OVH)...
2018: Open Heart
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344360/validity-reliability-and-norwegian-adaptation-of-the-stroke-specific-quality-of-life-ss-qol-scale
#9
Synne Garder Pedersen, Guri Anita Heiberg, Jørgen Feldbæk Nielsen, Oddgeir Friborg, Henriette Holm Stabel, Audny Anke, Cathrine Arntzen
Background: There is a paucity of stroke-specific instruments to assess health-related quality of life in the Norwegian language. The objective was to examine the validity and reliability of a Norwegian version of the 12-domain Stroke-Specific Quality of Life scale. Methods: A total of 125 stroke survivors were prospectively recruited. Questionnaires were administered at 3 months; 36 test-retests were performed at 12 months post stroke. The translation was conducted according to guidelines...
2018: SAGE Open Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344043/assessment-of-the-midwifery-students-clinical-competency-before-internship-program-in-the-field-based-on-the-objective-structured-clinical-examination
#10
Narges Malakooti, Parvin Bahadoran, Soheyla Ehsanpoor
Background: One of the important goals of clinical education is to promote the level of students' clinical skills. About 50% of the midwifery education is focused on clinical education, which has a great importance in shaping the professional skills of the students. The aim of this study was to determine the ability of students in some practical skills, before internship program in the field, using objective structured clinical examination (OSCE). Materials and Methods: This research was a descriptive cross-sectional study with a single-stage, multivariate prospective design...
January 2018: Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344041/impact-of-nutrition-education-in-improving-dietary-pattern-during-pregnancy-based-on-pender-s-health-promotion-model-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#11
Masoomeh Goodarzi-Khoigani, Mohammad Hossein Baghiani Moghadam, Azadeh Nadjarzadeh, Farahnaz Mardanian, Hossein Fallahzadeh, SeyedSaeed Mazloomy-Mahmoodabad
Background: Different types of nutrients in adequate amounts are required to meet the increased demands of the mother and the developing fetus. Therefore, we examined the impact of nutrition education on the number of food servings per day. Materials and Methods: Pregnant mothers were recruited to a prospective, randomized clinical trial from May to September, 2016. At 6-10 weeks of gestation, the participants were randomly divided into the intervention (n = 96) or the control group (n = 96), and were followed-up until the end of pregnancy...
January 2018: Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343246/influence-of-preoperative-life-satisfaction-on-recovery-and-outcomes-after-colorectal-cancer-surgery-a-prospective-pilot-study
#12
B Romain, O Rohmer, S Schimchowitsch, M Hübner, J B Delhorme, C Brigand, S Rohr, D Guenot
BACKGROUND: Colorectal surgery has an important impact on a patient's quality of life, and postoperative rehabilitation shows large variations. To enhance the understanding of recovery after colorectal cancer, health-related quality of life has become a standard outcome measurement for clinical care and research. Therefore, we aimed to correlate the influence of preoperative global life satisfaction on subjective feelings of well-being with clinical outcomes after colorectal surgery. METHODS: In this pilot study of consecutive colorectal surgery patients, various dimensions of feelings of preoperative life satisfaction were assessed using a self-rated scale, which was validated in French...
January 17, 2018: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342059/patients-living-alone-can-be-safely-discharged-directly-home-after-total-joint-arthroplasty-a-prospective-cohort-study
#13
Andrew N Fleischman, Matthew S Austin, James J Purtill, Javad Parvizi, William J Hozack
BACKGROUND: Despite the expense and potential hazards of inpatient rehabilitation, there is a prevailing belief that patients living alone cannot be safely discharged directly home after total joint arthroplasty. The purpose of this study was to assess the safety and efficacy of direct home discharge for patients living alone during convalescence after primary total joint arthroplasty. METHODS: We prospectively studied 910 consecutive patients undergoing primary, unilateral total hip arthroplasty or total knee arthroplasty over an 8-month period...
January 17, 2018: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342014/patterns-and-predictors-of-return-to-work-after-major-trauma-a-prospective-population-based-registry-study
#14
Alex Collie, Pamela M Simpson, Peter A Cameron, Shanthi Ameratunga, Jennie Ponsford, Ronan A Lyons, Sandra Braaf, Andrew Nunn, James E Harrison, Belinda J Gabbe
OBJECTIVE: To characterize patterns of engagement in work during the 4-year period after major traumatic injury, and to identify factors associated with those patterns. BACKGROUND: Employment is an important marker of functional recovery from injury. There are few population-based studies of long-term employment outcomes, and limited data on the patterns of return to work (RTW) after injury. METHODS: A population-based, prospective cohort study using the Victorian State Trauma Registry...
January 16, 2018: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341895/prenatal-paracetamol-exposure-and-child-neurodevelopment-a-review
#15
REVIEW
Ann Z Bauer, David Kriebel, Martha R Herbert, Carl-Gustaf Bornehag, Shanna H Swan
BACKGROUND: The non-prescription medication paracetamol (acetaminophen, APAP) is currently recommended as a safe pain and fever treatment during pregnancy. However, recent studies suggest a possible association between APAP use in pregnancy and offspring neurodevelopment. OBJECTIVES: To conduct a review of publications reporting associations between prenatal APAP use and offspring neurodevelopmental outcomes. METHODS: Relevant sources were identified through a key word search of multiple databases (Medline, CINAHL, OVID and TOXNET) in September 2016...
January 13, 2018: Hormones and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341501/tadalafil-improves-symptoms-erectile-function-and-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-lower-urinary-tract-symptoms-suggestive-of-benign-prostatic-hyperplasia-kyu-pro-study
#16
Ryosuke Takahashi, Minoru Miyazato, Hisae Nishii, Yasuhiro Sumino, Kazuo Takayama, Masako Onzuka, Takuma Oshiro, Seiichi Saito, Naohiro Fujimoto, Hiromitsu Mimata, Masatoshi Eto
OBJECTIVES: Effect of tadalafil on lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS), erectile function and quality of life (QoL) were prospectively evaluated in patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) at multicenter. METHODS: Eligible men were ≥40 years who had no treatment with alpha-blocker for BPH, with total International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS) ≥8, IPSS-QOL ≥2 and prostate volume ≥20 mL. Data were collected on age, body mass index (BMI), and prostate specific antigen (PSA)...
January 2018: Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341395/health-of-southern-tasmanian-4-to-6-year-old-children-in-out-of-home-care-compared-to-peers
#17
Marie Rauter, Anagha Jayakar, Tom Clemens, Zaharenia Galanos, Louise Newbery, Andrew Whelan
AIM: To compare the health of 4- to 6-year-old children in out-of-home care (OOHC) in Southern Tasmania with their peers. METHODS: Demographic and health data collection and prospective health assessment of all 4- to 6-year olds in OOHC in Southern Tasmania on 30 August 2011 was undertaken. Data were compared to Tasmanian and/or Australian peers. RESULTS: A total of 109 of 129 children aged 4 to 6 years were included in the study. Time in OOHC was on average 38 (range 0-76) months...
January 17, 2018: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340941/internal-medicine-residents-attitudes-toward-simulated-depressed-cardiac-patients-during-an-objective-structured-clinical-examination-a-randomized-study
#18
Kathleen Crapanzano, Dixie Fisher, Rebecca Hammarlund, Eric P Hsieh, Win May
BACKGROUND: Physician biases toward mental conditions such as depression have been shown to adversely affect medical outcomes. OBJECTIVE: To explore the relationship between residents' explicit bias toward depressed patients and their clinical skills on a cardiac case during an objective structured clinical exam (OSCE). DESIGN: Prospective parallel randomized controlled study. PARTICIPANTS: One hundred eighty-five internal medicine residents from three residency programs in two states...
January 16, 2018: Journal of General Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340781/suicidal-thoughts-and-behaviors-among-college-students-and-same-aged-peers-results-from-the-world-health-organization-world-mental-health-surveys
#19
Philippe Mortier, Randy P Auerbach, Jordi Alonso, William G Axinn, Pim Cuijpers, David D Ebert, Jennifer G Green, Irving Hwang, Ronald C Kessler, Howard Liu, Matthew K Nock, Stephanie Pinder-Amaker, Nancy A Sampson, Alan M Zaslavsky, Jibril Abdulmalik, Sergio Aguilar-Gaxiola, Ali Al-Hamzawi, Corina Benjet, Koen Demyttenaere, Silvia Florescu, Giovanni De Girolamo, Oye Gureje, Josep Maria Haro, Chiyi Hu, Yueqin Huang, Peter De Jonge, Elie G Karam, Andrzej Kiejna, Viviane Kovess-Masfety, Sing Lee, John J Mcgrath, Siobhan O'neill, Vladimir Nakov, Beth-Ellen Pennell, Marina Piazza, José Posada-Villa, Charlene Rapsey, Maria Carmen Viana, Miguel Xavier, Ronny Bruffaerts
PURPOSE: The primary aims are to (1) obtain representative prevalence estimates of suicidal thoughts and behaviors (STB) among college students worldwide and (2) investigate whether STB is related to matriculation to and attrition from college. METHODS: Data from the WHO World Mental Health Surveys were analyzed, which include face-to-face interviews with 5750 young adults aged 18-22 spanning 21 countries (weighted mean response rate = 71.4%). Standardized STB prevalence estimates were calculated for four well-defined groups of same-aged peers: college students, college attriters (i...
January 16, 2018: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339828/fish-consumption-and-depression-in-korean-adults-the-korea-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2013-2015
#20
Yeonji Yang, Youjin Je
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: There is a growing body of evidence that supports the potential role of fish consumption in relation to depression, but the data in Korean population is scarce. Thus, we examined the association between fish consumption and depression in Korean adults. SUBJECTS/METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study in 9183 Korean adults aged 19-64 years who participated in the 6TH Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2013-2015), which is a large nationally representative study of Korean population...
January 17, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
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