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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227206/attitudes-toward-e-health-the-otolaryngologists-point-of-view
#1
Martin Holderried, Ansgar Hoeper, Friederike Holderried, Gunnar Blumenstock, Christian Ernst, Anke Tropitzsch
INTRODUCTION: Online communication and the number of e-health applications have noticeably increased. However, little is known about the otolaryngologists' use behavior and their attitudes toward the potential of e-health. The aims of the study were to evaluate the documentation, information, and communication technologies used by otolaryngologists and to get a better understanding of their attitudes toward the potential of e-health for cross-sectoral patient care. METHODS: A survey was developed and tested by otolaryngologists, healthcare-information technology experts, and health services researchers...
December 11, 2017: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227131/a-serosurvey-of-bluetongue-and-epizootic-haemorrhagic-disease-in-a-convenience-sample-of-sheep-and-cattle-herds-in-zimbabwe
#2
Stuart J G Gordon, Charlotte Bolwell, Chris W Rogers, Godfrey Musuka, Patrick Kelly, Alan Guthrie, Philip S Mellor, Chris Hamblin
A convenience sample of sheep and cattle herds around the cities of Harare, Kwekwe and Bulawayo, located in the Highveld region of Zimbabwe, was used to estimate the seroprevalence and sero-incidence of bluetongue virus (BTV) and epizootic haemorrhagic disease virus (EHDV) antibodies. A competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay was used to identify serum antibodies against BTV and EHDV across three rainy seasons. The median sero-prevalence of BTV and EHDV antibodies in cattle was 62% (interquartile range [IQR]: 30-89) and 56% (IQR: 5-77), respectively...
November 14, 2017: Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226755/vaccination-rates-in-patients-with-medical-indications-for-the-pneumococcal-polysaccharide-vaccine-in-a-family-medicine-clinic
#3
Anthony Trovato, Karen Gunning, Karly Pippitt
BACKGROUND: Pneumococcal vaccination rates among high-risk patients (eg, diabetes, asthma, smoking) seen in 2 family medicine clinics are unknown. OBJECTIVES: To assess differences in pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccination rates and reasons for nonvaccination among patients with diabetes and asthma and patients who smoke. METHODS: A chart review at 2 family medicine residency training clinics showed 425 patients with a medical indication for PPSV23 were seen between April 1, 2015, and April 30, 2015...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225002/documentation-of-plant-drugs-dispensed-via-local-weekly-shanties-of-madurai-city-india
#4
Tagadur Sureshchandra Suma, Kaliamoorthy Ravikumar, Byadarahalli Srikantiah Somashekhar, Devendra Kumar Ved, Roohi Zaman, Gopalakrishnan Rajalakshmi, S N Venugopalan Nair, Subrahmanya Kumar Kukkupuni
BACKGROUND: The Valaiyār (Moopanar) communities of Tamil Nadu are traditionally known for catching rats and snakes from the agricultural fields. Prior to independence, some of these families have faced socio-economic changes and chosen to become herbalists in Madurai city. They are mainly engaged in collecting and dispensing fresh and dried plant drugs in its 'natural form' at Tiḷagar tīḍal market of Madurai city. Their business is unique, because customers receive 'prescriptions' and 'plant drugs', unlike the conventional dispensaries...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217961/clinical-profile-and-outcome-of-pediatrics-tetanus-the-experience-of-a-tertiary-hospital-in-ethiopia
#5
Henok Tadele
Background: Tetanus is an acute vaccine preventable illness manifested by neuromuscular dysfunction due to a potent exotoxin, tetanospasmin produced by Clostridium tetani. It is a common health problem in developing countries like Ethiopia. The aim of this study was to assess clinical profile and outcome of Pediatrics tetanus in a referral hospital, South Ethiopia. Methods: This is a retrospective cross-sectional study of medical records of 24 Pediatric tetanus patients who were admitted from July 2014 to June 2016 to the Pediatrics Department of Hawassa University Comprehensive Specialized Hospital, Hawassa-Ethiopia...
September 2017: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217951/five-years-malaria-trend-analysis-in-woreta-health-center-northwest-ethiopia
#6
Awoke Derbie, Megbaru Alemu
Background: An estimated 68% of the Ethiopian population, living in 75% of the landmass, is at risk of contracting malaria at any time making it the leading public health problem. The temporal analysis of malaria data could be important to evaluate the performance of malaria prevention programmes. Thus, the aim of this study was to determine the trend of malaria at Woreta Health Center (WHC) over a period of five years. Methods: We analyzed the records of 8,057 presumptive malaria patients registered in 2012 to 2016...
September 2017: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214653/administrative-billing-codes-accurately-identified-occurrence-of-electrical-cardioversion-and-ablation-maze-procedures-in-a-prospective-cohort-study-of-atrial-fibrillation-patients
#7
Alexa N Ehlert, Susan R Heckbert, Kerri L Wiggins, Evan L Thacker
BACKGROUND: Administrative billing codes for electrical cardioversion and ablation/maze procedures may be useful for atrial fibrillation (AF) research if the codes are accurate relative to medical record documentation. HYPOTHESIS: Administrative billing codes accurately identify occurrence of electrical cardioversion and ablation/maze procedures in AF patients. METHODS: We studied adults ages 30 to 84 who experienced new-onset AF between October 2001 and December 2004 in Group Health Cooperative (acquired by Kaiser Permanente in 2017), an integrated healthcare system in Washington state and northern Idaho...
December 6, 2017: Clinical Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212745/factors-associated-with-focal-computed-tomographic-perfusion-abnormalities-in-supratentorial-transient-ischemic-attacks
#8
Ivo A Meyer, Carlo W Cereda, Pamela N Correia, Jean-Baptiste Zerlauth, Francesco Puccinelli, David C Rotzinger, Michael Amiguet, Philippe Maeder, Reto A Meuli, Patrik Michel
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Computed tomographic perfusion (CTP) is useful in diagnosis of patients with transient focal neurological symptoms. In acute imaging of patients with a suspected transient ischemic attack (TIA), it remains unclear which patients develop focal perfusion abnormalities (FPA), that is, hypoperfusion or hyperperfusion. We aimed at determining independent factors associated with FPA in patients with supratentorial TIAs. METHODS: We prospectively collected consecutive patients with supratentorial TIAs defined by the traditional time-based definition who underwent CTP within 24 hours of symptom onset...
December 6, 2017: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209970/haze-and-health-impacts-in-asean-countries-a-systematic-review
#9
Logaraj Ramakreshnan, Nasrin Aghamohammadi, Chng Saun Fong, Awang Bulgiba, Rafdzah Ahmad Zaki, Li Ping Wong, Nik Meriam Sulaiman
Seasonal haze episodes and the associated inimical health impacts have become a regular crisis among the ASEAN countries. Even though many emerging experimental and epidemiological studies have documented the plausible health effects of the predominating toxic pollutants of haze, the consistency among the reported findings by these studies is poorly understood. By addressing such gap, this review aimed to critically highlight the evidence of physical and psychological health impacts of haze from the available literature in ASEAN countries...
December 5, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209506/border-terriers-under-primary-veterinary-care-in-england-demography-and-disorders
#10
Dan G O'Neill, Elisabeth C Darwent, David B Church, Dave C Brodbelt
Background: The Border Terrier is a working terrier type that is generally considered to be a relatively healthy and hardy breed. This study aimed to characterise the demography and common disorders of Border Terriers receiving veterinary care in England using de-identified electronic patient record data within the VetCompass™ Programme. Results: Annual birth proportion for Border Terriers showed a decreasing trend from 1.46% in 2005 to 0.78% in 2014. The median adult bodyweight for males (10...
2017: Canine Genetics and Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204951/-real-life-efficacy-and-tolerability-of-methocarbamol-in-patients-suffering-from-refractory-muscle-related-low-back-pain-results-of-a-health-care-research-project-based-on-data-from-the-german-pain-practice-registry
#11
Michael A Überall, Oliver M D Emrich, Gerhard H H Müller-Schwefe
BACKGROUND: Subacute, muscle-related low/back pain (L/BP) is known to be difficult to treat and frequently requires more specific causal-oriented treatments with agents improving the increased muscle tone. Currently, only methocarbamol is approved and available for the 1st-line treatment of patients with muscle-related L/BP in Germany - however, without sufficient data on longer lasting effects (> 1 week) in elsewhere refractory patients. METHOD: Noninterventional cohort study, based on anonymized routine data of the German pain practice registry; retrospective evaluation of patients with refractory L/BP, who first time received a treatment with methocarbamol between October 1st until December 31st, 2015, and who documented their response to treatment with the standardized and validated instruments of the German pain questionnaire over at least 4 weeks (n = 251 patients)...
December 2017: MMW Fortschritte der Medizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202818/the-development-of-a-nursing-subset-of-patient-problems-to-support-interoperability
#12
R A M M Kieft, E M Vreeke, E M de Groot, P A Volkert, A L Francke, D M J Delnoij
BACKGROUND: Since the emergence of electronic health records, nursing information is increasingly being recorded and stored digitally. Several studies have shown that a wide range of nursing information is not interoperable and cannot be re-used in different health contexts. Difficulties arise when nurses share information with others involved in the delivery of nursing care. The aim of this study is to develop a nursing subset of patient problems that are prevalent in nursing practice, based on the SNOMED CT terminology to assist in the exchange and comparability of nursing information...
December 4, 2017: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202185/clinical-documentation-variations-and-nlp-system-portability-a-case-study-in-asthma-birth-cohorts-across-institutions
#13
Sunghwan Sohn, Yanshan Wang, Chung-Il Wi, Elizabeth A Krusemark, Euijung Ryu, Mir H Ali, Young J Juhn, Hongfang Liu
Objective: To assess clinical documentation variations across health care institutions using different electronic medical record systems and investigate how they affect natural language processing (NLP) system portability. Materials and Methods: Birth cohorts from Mayo Clinic and Sanford Children's Hospital (SCH) were used in this study (n = 298 for each). Documentation variations regarding asthma between the 2 cohorts were examined in various aspects: (1) overall corpus at the word level (ie, lexical variation), (2) topics and asthma-related concepts (ie, semantic variation), and (3) clinical note types (ie, process variation)...
November 30, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association: JAMIA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202088/-if-we-are-waiting-for-the-numbers-alone-we-will-miss-the-point-a%C3%A2-qualitative-study-of-the-perceived-rise-of-food-allergy-and-associated-risk-factors-in-the-greater-accra-region-ghana
#14
George A Atiim, Susan J Elliott, Ann E Clarke
Background: Globally, food allergy [FA] is considered a growing health epidemic. While much of what is known comes from developed countries, there is growing interest in the epidemiology of FA in developing regions such as sub-Saharan Africa. Indeed, researchers are beginning to document the incidence and prevalence of FA and sensitization. The results outlined in this paper stem from an exploratory qualitative study examining the emergence of the health risk of FA in Ghana, a country undergoing epidemiologic changes...
2017: Global health research and policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198403/improving-the-use-of-historical-written-sources-in-paleopathology
#15
Piers D Mitchell
The texts written by the people of past societies can provide key information that enhances our understanding of disease in the past. Written sources and art can describe cultural contexts that not only help us interpret lesions in excavated human remains, but also provide evidence for past disease events themselves. However, in recent decades many biohistorical articles have been published that claim to diagnose diseases present in past celebrities or well known individuals, often using less than scholarly methodology...
December 2017: International Journal of Paleopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197100/the-high-societal-costs-of-childhood-conduct-problems-evidence-from-administrative-records-up-to-age-38-in-a-longitudinal-birth-cohort
#16
Joshua G Rivenbark, Candice L Odgers, Avshalom Caspi, HonaLee Harrington, Sean Hogan, Renate M Houts, Richie Poulton, Terrie E Moffitt
BACKGROUND: Children with conduct problems that persist into adulthood are at increased risk for future behavioral, health, and social problems. However, the longer term public service usage among these children has not been fully documented. To aid public health and intervention planning, adult service usage across criminal justice, health care, and social welfare domains is compared among all individuals from a representative cohort who followed different conduct problem trajectories from childhood into adulthood...
December 2, 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193744/what-are-the-position-and-power-of-supermarkets-in-the-australian-food-system-and-the-implications-for-public-health-a-systematic-scoping-review
#17
REVIEW
C E Pulker, G S A Trapp, J A Scott, C M Pollard
Supermarkets have been described as having unprecedented and disproportionate power in the food system. This scoping review synthesized the literature that describes the position and power of supermarkets in the Australian food system, and the implications for public health. A systematic search of peer-reviewed and grey literature identified 68 documents that described supermarket power. Implications for public health were also recorded. Data revealed that supermarkets hold a powerful position in the Australian food system, acting as the primary gatekeepers...
November 29, 2017: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29187924/social-and-cultural-barriers-to-husbands-involvement-in-maternal-health-in-rural-gambia
#18
Mat Lowe
Introduction: While many studies have documented a number of socio-cultural barriers to male involvement in maternal health, in The Gambia very little information is known about the social and cultural practices that characterized male involvement in maternal health. This study aims to explore some of the underlying social and cultural factors affecting husbands' involvement in maternal health issues pertaining to pregnancy and delivery in rural Gambia. Methods: Five focus group discussions and six in-depth interviews were conducted among rural men and traditional birth attendants in five areas of rural Gambia...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29187319/ethnoveterinary-botanical-survey-of-medicinal-plants-in-abergelle-sekota-and-lalibela-districts-of-amhara-region-northern-ethiopia
#19
Ayalew Assefa, Adane Bahiru
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: The study area is known by its huge livestock resources with extensive ethnoveterinary practice. This knowledge was not documented scientifically until we proposed to do so. The study can aid in future planning of endangered species conservation as well as for experimental studies in search of modern pharmacotherapy. AIM OF THE STUDY: The study objective was to understand the extent of ethnoveterinary practice, methods, types of medicinal plant species used and to generate a comprehensive baseline data that can be used as a basis for further studies...
November 26, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29186544/characterizing-environmental-suitability-of-aedes-albopictus-diptera-culicidae-in-mexico-based-on-regional-and-global-niche-models
#20
Carlos Yañez-Arenas, Rodolfo Rioja-Nieto, Gerardo A Martín, Felipe Dzul-Manzanilla, Xavier Chiappa-Carrara, Aura Buenfil-Ávila, Pablo Manrique-Saide, Fabián Correa-Morales, José Alberto Díaz-Quiñónez, Crescencio Pérez-Rentería, José Ordoñez-Álvarez, Gonzalo Vazquez-Prokopec, Herón Huerta
The Asian tiger mosquito, Aedes albopictus (Skuse) (Diptera: Culicidae), is an invasive species and a vector of numerous human pathogens, including chikungunya, dengue, yellow fever, and Zika viruses. This mosquito had been reported from 36 geographic locations in Mexico by 2005, increasing to 101 locations by 2010 and 501 locations (spanning 16 states) by 2016. Here we modeled the occupied niche for Ae. albopictus in Mexico to characterize the environmental conditions related to its presence, and to generate updated environmental suitability maps...
November 23, 2017: Journal of Medical Entomology
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