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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433591/-artificial-intelligence-applied-to-radiation-oncology
#1
J-E Bibault, A Burgun, P Giraud
Performing randomised comparative clinical trials in radiation oncology remains a challenge when new treatment modalities become available. One of the most recent examples is the lack of phase III trials demonstrating the superiority of intensity-modulated radiation therapy in most of its current indications. A new paradigm is developing that consists in the mining of large databases to answer clinical or translational issues. Beyond national databases (such as SEER or NCDB), that often lack the necessary level of details on the population studied or the treatments performed, electronic health records can be used to create detailed phenotypic profiles of any patients...
April 19, 2017: Cancer Radiothérapie: Journal de la Société Française de Radiothérapie Oncologique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433453/attending-documentation-contribution-to-billing-at-an-academic-emergency-department-with-an-electronic-health-record
#2
Brian J Yun, Stephen C Dorner, Brian M Baccari, John Brennan, Karen Smith, Ali S Raja, Benjamin A White
INTRODUCTION: In emergency medicine (EM), patient care documentation serves many functions, including supporting reimbursement. In addition, many electronic health record systems facilitate automatically populating certain data fields. As a result, in the academic model, the attending's note may now more often recapitulate many of the same elements found in the resident's or physician assistant's (PA) note. We sought to determine the value of additional attending documentation, and how often the attending documentation prevented a downcoding event...
April 14, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431334/one-hundred-injured-patients-a-day-multicenter-emergency-room-surveillance-of-trauma-in-pakistan
#3
A A Hyder, S He, W Zafar, M U Mir, J A Razzak
OBJECTIVES: Injuries increasingly contribute to the global burden of disease in low- and middle-income countries. This study presents results from a large-scale surveillance study on injury from several urban emergency departments (EDs) in Pakistan. The objective is to document the burden of injuries that present to the healthcare system in Pakistan and to test the feasibility of an ED-based injury and trauma surveillance system. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study conducted using active surveillance approach...
April 18, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427407/constructive-ehealth-evaluation-lessons-from-evaluation-of-ehr-development-in-4-danish-hospitals
#4
Anna Marie Balling Høstgaard, Pernille Bertelsen, Christian Nøhr
BACKGROUND: Information and communication sources in the healthcare sector are replaced with new eHealth technologies. This has led to problems arising from the lack of awareness of the importance of end-user involvement in eHealth development and of the difficulties caused by using traditional summative evaluation methods. The Constructive eHealth evaluation method (CeHEM) provides a solution to these problems by offering an evaluation framework for supporting and facilitating end-user involvement during all phases of eHealth development...
April 20, 2017: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426621/committee-opinion-no-700-methods-for-estimating-the-due-date
#5
(no author information available yet)
Accurate dating of pregnancy is important to improve outcomes and is a research and public health imperative. As soon as data from the last menstrual period, the first accurate ultrasound examination, or both are obtained, the gestational age and the estimated due date (EDD) should be determined, discussed with the patient, and documented clearly in the medical record. Subsequent changes to the EDD should be reserved for rare circumstances, discussed with the patient, and documented clearly in the medical record...
May 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426616/committee-opinion-no-700-summary-methods-for-estimating-the-due-date
#6
(no author information available yet)
Accurate dating of pregnancy is important to improve outcomes and is a research and public health imperative. As soon as data from the last menstrual period, the first accurate ultrasound examination, or both are obtained, the gestational age and the estimated due date (EDD) should be determined, discussed with the patient, and documented clearly in the medical record. Subsequent changes to the EDD should be reserved for rare circumstances, discussed with the patient, and documented clearly in the medical record...
May 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425889/soap-methodology-in-general-practice-family-medicine-teaching-in-practical-context
#7
Luiz Miguel Santiago, Isabel Neto
INTRODUCTION: Medical records in General Practice/Family Medicine are an essential information support on the health status of the patient and a communication document between health professionals. The development of competencies in General Practice/Family Medicine during pre-graduation must include the ability to make adequate medical records in practical context. As of 2012, medicine students at the University of Beira Interior have been performing visits using the Subjective, Objective, Assessment and Plan - SOAP methodology, with a performance evaluation of the visit, with the aim to check on which Subjective, Objective, Assessment and Plan - SOAP aspects students reveal the most difficulties in order to define improvement techniques and to correlate patient grade with tutor evaluation...
December 30, 2016: Acta Médica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423809/use-of-a-nationwide-personally-controlled-electronic-health-record-by-healthcare-professionals-and-patients-a-case-study-with-the-french-dmp
#8
Brigitte Seroussi, Jacques Bouaud
If the wide adoption of electronic health records (EHRs) is necessary to address health information sharing and care coordination issues, it is not sufficient. In order to address health information sharing, some countries, among which, France, have implemented a centralized framework with "new" nationwide care records. The French DMP is a centralized, nationally shared, electronic medical record, created according to the opt-in model. More than five years after the launching of the DMP project, DMPs have been created for 1...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423767/querying-ehrs-with-a-semantic-and-entity-oriented-query-language
#9
Romain Lelong, Lina Soualmia, Badisse Dahamna, Nicolas Griffon, Stéfan J Darmoni
While the digitization of medical documents has greatly expanded during the past decade, health information retrieval has become a great challenge to address many issues in medical research. Information retrieval in electronic health records (EHR) should also reduce the difficult tasks of manual information retrieval from records in paper format or computer. The aim of this article was to present the features of a semantic search engine implemented in EHRs. A flexible, scalable and entity-oriented query language tool is proposed...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422977/defining-the-complex-phenotype-of-severe-systemic-loxoscelism-using-a-large-electronic-health-record-cohort
#10
Jamie R Robinson, Vanessa E Kennedy, Youssef Doss, Lisa Bastarache, Joshua Denny, Jeremy L Warner
OBJECTIVE: Systemic loxoscelism is a rare illness resulting from the bite of the recluse spider and, in its most severe form, can lead to widespread hemolysis, coagulopathy, and death. We aim to describe the clinical features and outcomes of the largest known cohort of individuals with moderate to severe loxoscelism. METHODS: We performed a retrospective, cross sectional study from January 1, 1995, to December 31, 2015, at a tertiary-care academic medical center, to determine individuals with clinical records consistent with moderate to severe loxoscelism...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420376/workflow-standardization-of-a-novel-team-care-model-to-improve-chronic-care-a-quasi-experimental-study
#11
Laura Panattoni, Lily Hurlimann, Caroline Wilson, Meg Durbin, Ming Tai-Seale
BACKGROUND: Team-based chronic care models have not been widely adopted in community settings, partly due to their varying effectiveness in randomized control trials, implementation challenges, and concerns about physician acceptance. The Palo Alto Medical Foundation designed and implemented "Champion," a novel team-based model that includes new standard work (e.g. proactive patient outreach, pre-visit schedule grooming, depression screening, care planning, health coaching) to support patients' self-management of hypertension and diabetes...
April 19, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405988/a-study-of-salt-and-fat-consumption-pattern-in-regional-indian-diet-among-hypertensive-and-dyslipidemic-patients-script-study
#12
Dayanand Kumbla, Mala Dharmalingam, Kalpesh Dalvi, Saumitra Ray, Mahesh K Shah, Sanjay Gupta, S Sadhanandham, A K Ajmani, Sanjay Nag, Srinivas Murthy, Mohana Murugan, Abhijit Trailokya, Tushar Fegade
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular diseases are leading cause of mortality and morbidity. There is an increasing prevalence of hypertension and dyslipidemia due to globalization and adoption of westernized dietary habits in India. These transitions are manifest in dietary patterns and health outcomes. OBJECTIVE: To study the dietary salt and fat intake among patients diagnosed with hypertension and dyslipidemia in India. METHODS: SCRIPT study was a pilot exploratory, cross-sectional, observational, descriptive, multi-center study...
December 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399499/occurrence-of-personal-care-products-as-emerging-chemicals-of-concern-in-water-resources-a-review
#13
REVIEW
Diana Montes-Grajales, Mary Fennix-Agudelo, Wendy Miranda-Castro
Personal care products (PCPs) are a diverse group of common household substances used for health, beauty and cleaning purposes. These include disinfectants, fragrances, insect repellents, preservatives and UV filters, among others. Some of them are considered chemicals of emerging concern due to their presence and negative impact on aquatic ecosystems, specially related to endocrine disruption and reproductive disorders. The entry of those chemicals to water bodies occurs mainly through the sewage effluents from wastewater treatment plants due to their incomplete or inefficient removal...
April 8, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399354/epidemiology-of-suicidal-behaviour-in-shumadia-district-serbia-a-fifteen-year-retrospective-study
#14
Snežana Radovanović, Dragan Vasiljević, Mirjana Milosavljević, Ivana Simić-Vukomanović, Svetlana Radević, Nataša Mihailović, Sanja Kocić
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to analyze epidemiological characteristics of suicide, as well as to emphasize possible risk factors. METHODS: This is a retrospective study, covering the period of fifteen years (1996-2010), which aims at discovering the relevant factors which have an influence on suicidal behaviour. This research uses the data from the documentation of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Serbia and Police Department in Kragujevac, hospitalization reports of patients treated at Psychiatric Clinic of the Clinical Centre Kragujevac, as well as the medical records of patients treated at the Health Centre Kragujevac...
March 2017: Central European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398932/brachial-arterial-pressure-monitoring-during-cardiac-surgery-rarely-causes-complications
#15
Asha Singh, Bobby Bahadorani, Brett J Wakefield, Natalya Makarova, Priya A Kumar, Michael Zhen-Yu Tong, Daniel I Sessler, Andra E Duncan
BACKGROUND: Brachial arterial catheters better estimate aortic pressure than radial arterial catheters but are used infrequently because complications in a major artery without collateral flow are potentially serious. However, the extent to which brachial artery cannulation promotes complications remains unknown. The authors thus evaluated a large cohort of cardiac surgical patients to estimate the incidence of related serious complications. METHODS: The institutional Society of Thoracic Surgeons Adult Cardiac Surgery Database and Perioperative Health Documentation System Registry of the Cleveland Clinic were used to identify patients who had brachial artery cannulation between 2007 and 2015...
April 10, 2017: Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395847/progress-and-inequities-in-maternal-mortality-in-afghanistan-ramos-ii-a-retrospective-observational-study
#16
Linda Bartlett, Amnesty LeFevre, Linnea Zimmerman, Sayed Ataullah Saeedzai, Sabera Torkamani, Weeda Zabih, Hannah Tappis, Stan Becker, Peter Winch, Marge Koblinsky, Ahmed Javed Rahmanzai
BACKGROUND: The risk of maternal death in Afghanistan is among the highest in the world; however, the risks within the country are poorly understood. Subnational maternal mortality estimates are needed along with a broader understanding of determinants to guide future maternal health programmes. Here we aimed to study maternal mortality risk and causes, care-seeking patterns, and costs within the country. METHODS: We did a household survey (RAMOS-II) in the urban area of Kabul city and the rural area of Ragh, Badakshan...
May 2017: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395534/application-of-the-international-classification-of-functioning-disability-and-health-system-to-symptoms-of-the-duchenne-and-becker-muscular-dystrophies
#17
Kristin M Conway, Emma Ciafaloni, Dennis Matthews, Chris Westfield, Kathy James, Pangaja Paramsothy, Paul A Romitti
PURPOSE: Duchenne and Becker muscular dystrophies, collectively referred to as dystrophinopathies, are X-linked recessive diseases that affect dystrophin production resulting in compromised muscle function across multiple systems. The International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health provides a systematic classification scheme from which body functions affected by a dystrophinopathy can be identified and used to examine functional health. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The infrastructure of the Muscular Dystrophy Surveillance, Tracking, and Research Network was used to identify commonly affected body functions and link selected functions to clinical surveillance data collected through medical record abstraction...
April 11, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395317/indoor-air-quality-in-photocopy-centers-nanoparticle-exposures-at-photocopy-workstations-and-the-need-for-exposure-controls
#18
John Martin, Philip Demokritou, Susan Woskie, Dhimiter Bello
Background: Photocopiers emit large amounts of nanoparticles (NP) and are a significant source of indoor air pollution. These emissions induce airway inflammation, irritation, and systemic oxidative stress in humans, lung injury and inflammation in animals, and cytotoxicity and epigenetic modifications in vitro. However, little is known regarding NP exposures at the workstation in the photocopy work environment, or the extent and use of emission controls. Objective: To survey the photocopy work environment with regards to emissions controls and to evaluate IAQ with emphasis on NP exposure at the operator's workstation...
January 1, 2017: Annals of Work Exposures and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393664/use-of-placebo-pills-before-treatment-initiation-in-youth-with-hiv-are-they-ready
#19
Lisa M Ingerski, Megan L Wilkins, Amanda M Rach, Nehali Patel, Aditya H Gaur
Highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) nonadherence is related to negative health outcomes and is well-documented in adolescents and young adults (AYAs) with behaviorally acquired HIV. Few studies describe methods to improve adherence in this population. This retrospective study describes placebo pill trial use (ie, pills with inert substance prescribed to practice taking HAART) in AYAs initiating HAART and its relation to disease outcomes. Sixty-two AYAs initiated HAART during the review period. Disease outcomes during the first year of standard clinical care were abstracted from medical records...
January 1, 2017: Journal of the International Association of Providers of AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389091/workload-even-affects-hand-hygiene-in-a-highly-trained-and-well-staffed-setting-a-prospective-365-7-24-observational-study
#20
S Scheithauer, B Batzer, M Dangel, J Passweg, A Widmer
INTRODUCTION: Compliance with hand hygiene (HH) has often not proved satisfactory; high workload is a commonly self-reported reason. Previous studies comparing workload and compliance have not measured workload precisely and have focused on certain times of day. This study aimed to investigate the association between HH compliance and workload, both electronically defined 365/7/24 (primary endpoint). In addition, the quality of commonly used compliance defining methods (hand disinfectant usage, direct observation) was investigated (secondary endpoint)...
February 20, 2017: Journal of Hospital Infection
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