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Hai-Yang Dai, Rong He, Ying Zhang, Ren-Hua Wu, Ye-Yu Xiao
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present work was to verify whether adenoviral vector mediated ferritin over-expression in mesenchymal stem cells could be detected by 7T MRI device, and to explore the relationship between ferritin content and MRI signal intensities. METHODS: A recombined adenoviral vector (rAdV) encoding ferritin heavy chain (FTH1) subunit was specially designed for the aim of infecting bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs). Ferritin over-expression in BMSCs was determined by cell immunocytochemistry and the ferritin content in cells was determined by ELISA assay...
2017: PloS One
María Dolores Blanco Fernández, Melina Elizabeth Barrios, Robertina Viviana Cammarata, Carolina Torres, Oscar Alberto Taboga, Viviana Andrea Mbayed
Enteric viruses are pathogens associated with food- and waterborne outbreaks. The recovery of viruses from food or water samples is affected by the procedures applied to detect and concentrate them. The incorporation of an internal process control virus to the analyses allows monitoring the performance of the methodology. The aim of this study was to produce a recombinant adenovirus (rAdV) and apply it together with bacteriophage PP7 as process controls. The rAdV carries a DNA construction in its genome to differentiate it from wild-type adenovirus by qPCR...
May 2017: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
Yang Dai, Song Zhao, Jianxia Tang, Yuntian Xing, Guoli Qu, Jianrong Dai, Xiaolin Jin, Xiaoting Wang
BACKGROUND: In China, schistosomiasis japonica is a predominant zoonotic disease, and animal reservoir hosts in the environment largely sustain infections. The development of transmission-blocking veterinary vaccines is urgently needed for the prevention and efficient control of schistosomiasis. Heterologous prime-boost strategy is more effective than traditional vaccination and homologous prime-boost strategies against multiple pathogens infection. In the present study, to further improve protective efficacy, we immunized mice with three types of heterologous prime-boost combinations based on our previously constructed vaccines that encode triosphate isomerase of Schistosoma japonicum, tested the specific immune responses, and evaluated the protective efficacy through challenge infection in mice...
February 28, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
Sandra Blome, Claudia Moß, Ilona Reimann, Patricia König, Martin Beer
Due to its impact on animal health and pig industry, classical swine fever (CSF) is still one of the most important viral diseases of pigs. To control the disease, safe and highly efficacious live attenuated vaccines exist for decades. These vaccines have usually outstanding efficacy and safety but lack differentiability of infected from vaccinated animals (DIVA or marker strategy). In contrast, the first generation of E2 subunit marker vaccines shows constraints in efficacy, application, and production. To overcome these limitations, new generations of marker vaccines are developed...
July 2017: Veterinary Microbiology
Shui-Li Xia, Guang-Tao Xiang, Jian-Lin Lei, Mingliang Du, Yimin Wang, Mo Zhou, Yan Liu, Shengwei Ji, Ya-Lin Wang, Yuzi Luo, Yuan Sun, Hua-Ji Qiu
Classical swine fever (CSF) is an economically important disease caused by Classical swine fever virus (CSFV). In order to eradicate CSF, many marker vaccines that allow differentiation of infected from vaccinated animals (DIVA) have been developed. In our previous studies, a DIVA CSF vaccine rAdV-SFV-E2 has been demonstrated to completely protect pigs against lethal CSFV challenge. In the context of risk assessments for an emergency vaccination scenario, the question has been raised whether preexisting maternally derived antibodies (MDAs) interfere with the efficacy of the vaccine...
November 30, 2016: Veterinary Microbiology
Yinli Xie, Peng Gao, Zhiyong Li
Foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) is a highly contagious livestock disease of cloven-hoofed animals which causes severe economic losses. The replication-deficient, human adenovirus-vectored FMD vaccine has been proven effective against FMD. However, the role of T-cell-mediated antiviral responses and the mucosae-mediated antiviral responses induced by the adenovirus-vectored FMD vaccine was rarely examined. Here, the capsid protein precursor P1-2A and viral protease 3C of the type O FMDV were expressed in replicative-deficient human adenovirus type 5 vector...
2016: BioMed Research International
Thanh H Nguyen, Mónika Z Ballmann, Huyen T Do, Hai N Truong, Mária Benkő, Balázs Harrach, Mark J van Raaij
BACKGROUND: Most adenoviruses recognize their host cells via an interaction of their fibre head domains with a primary receptor. The structural framework of adenovirus fibre heads is conserved between the different adenovirus genera for which crystal structures have been determined (Mastadenovirus, Aviadenovirus, Atadenovirus and Siadenovirus), but genus-specific differences have also been observed. The only known siadenovirus fibre head structure, that of turkey adenovirus 3 (TAdV-3), revealed a twisted beta-sandwich resembling the reovirus fibre head architecture more than that of other adenovirus fibre heads, plus a unique beta-hairpin embracing a neighbouring monomer...
June 22, 2016: Virology Journal
Shui-Li Xia, Jian-Lin Lei, Mingliang Du, Yimin Wang, Xin Cong, Guang-Tao Xiang, Lian-Feng Li, Shenye Yu, Enqi Du, Siguo Liu, Yuan Sun, Hua-Ji Qiu
Classical swine fever (CSF) is a highly contagious swine disease caused by classical swine fever virus (CSFV). Previously, we demonstrated that rAdV-SFV-E2, an adenovirus-delivered, Semliki Forest virus replicon-vectored marker vaccine against CSF, is able to protect pigs against lethal CSFV challenge. From an economical point of view, it will be beneficial to reduce the minimum effective dose of the vaccine. This study was designed to test the adjuvant effects of Salmonella enteritidis-derived bacterial ghosts (BG) to enhance the protective immunity of rAdV-SFV-E2 in pigs...
June 14, 2016: Veterinary Research
Shui-Li Xia, Mingliang Du, Jian-Lin Lei, Yan Liu, Yimin Wang, Shengwei Ji, Guang-Tao Xiang, Lian-Feng Li, Xin Cong, Yuzi Luo, Lina Shao, Hua-Ji Qiu, Yuan Sun
Classical swine fever (CSF) is an economically important infectious disease of pigs caused by Classical swine fever virus (CSFV). To facilitate the eradication of CSF in endemic areas, a marker vaccine enabling differentiation of infected from vaccinated animals (DIVA) is urgently needed. Previously, we have demonstrated that the DIVA vaccine rAdV-SFV-E2, an adenovirus-vectored Semliki Forest virus replicon expressing the E2 glycoprotein of CSFV, induces complete protection from lethal CSFV challenge. The aim of this study was to investigate whether maternally derived antibodies (MDAs) from sows immunized with rAdV-SFV-E2 can effectively protect piglets against lethal CSFV challenge...
July 15, 2016: Veterinary Microbiology
Xiuhong Liu, Shuang Wang, Xianghua Guo, Feili Wei, Jiming Yin, Yunjin Zang, Ning Li, Dexi Chen
Suicide gene therapy using herpes simplex virus-1 thymidine kinase (HSV-TK) in combination with ganciclovir (GCV) has emerged as a potential new method for treating cancer. We hypothesize that the efficacy of HSV-TK/GCV therapy is at least partially dependent on p53 status in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients. Using recombinant adenoviral vectors (rAdV), TK, p53, and ASPP2 were overexpressed individually and in combination in Hep3B (p53 null) and HepG2 (p53 wild-type) cell lines and in primary HCC tumor cells...
April 5, 2016: Oncotarget
Helin Li, Rui Gao, Yanming Zhang
Classical swine fever (CSF) vaccine based on HAdV-5 had achieved an efficient protection in swine. Both classical swine fever virus (CSFV) E0 glycoprotein and E2 glycoprotein were the targets for neutralizing antibodies and related to immune protection against CSF. Interleukin-2 (IL2), as an adjuvant, also had been used in CSF vaccine research. In this study, coexpression of the CSFV E0, E2, and IL2 genes by HAdV-5 (rAdV-E0-E2-IL2) was constructed and immunized to evaluate its efficacy. Three expressed genes had been sequentially connected with foot-and-mouth disease virus 2A (FMDV 2A)...
May 2016: Viral Immunology
Yuzi Luo, Lin Li, Sophia Austermann-Busch, Mei Dong, Jingjing Xu, Lina Shao, Jianlin Lei, Na Li, Wen-Rui He, Bibo Zhao, Su Li, Yongfeng Li, Lihong Liu, Paul Becher, Yuan Sun, Hua-Ji Qiu
Classical swine fever (CSF), caused by classical swine fever virus (CSFV), is a devastating disease of swine worldwide. Although a mandatory vaccination with the modified live vaccine C-strain has been implemented in China for decades, CSF remains a serious threat to the swine industry. To facilitate the control and eradication of CSF in China, the E2-based marker vaccine rAdV-SFV-E2, an adenovirus-delivered, alphavirus replicon-vectored vaccine, has been developed. Accordingly, an accompanying discriminatory test that allows differentiating infected from vaccinated animals (DIVA) is required...
September 15, 2015: Journal of Virological Methods
Mariana A Nascimento, Maria E Magri, Camila D Schissi, Célia Rm Barardi
BACKGROUND: In Brazil, ordinance no. 2,914/2011 of the Ministry of Health requires the absence of total coliforms and Escherichia coli (E. coli) in treated water. However it is essential that water treatment is effective against all pathogens. Disinfection in Water Treatment Plants (WTP) is commonly performed with chlorine. METHODS: The recombinant adenovirus (rAdV), which expresses green fluorescent protein (GFP) when cultivated in HEK 293A cells, was chosen as a model to evaluate the efficiency of chlorine for human adenovirus (HAdV) inactivation in filtered water samples from two WTPs: Lagoa do Peri (pH 6...
2015: Virology Journal
Yan Chen, Jin Zhang, Yong Lu, Libo Wang
Bronchial asthma is a chronic airway inflammatory condition with high morbidity, and effective treatments for asthma are limited. Allergen-specific immunotherapy can only induce peripheral immune tolerance and is not sustainable. Exploring new therapeutic strategies is of great clinical importance. Recombinant adenovirus (rAdV) was used as a vector to make cells expressing cytotoxic T lymphocyte-associated antigen-4-immunoglobulin (CTLA4Ig) a soluble CTLA4 immunoglobulin fusion protein. Dendritic cells (DCs) were modified using the rAdVs together with allergens...
2015: PloS One
Elodie Roques, Martin Lessard, Denis Archambault
The porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) is an arterivirus of the Arteriviridae family. As the current commercial vaccines are incompletely protective effective against PRRSV infection, we developed a vaccine strategy using replicating but non-disseminating adenovectors (rAdVs) expressing the PRRSV M matrix protein in fusion with the neutralizing major epitope-carrying GP5 envelope protein (Roques et al. in Vet Res 44:17, 2013). Although production of GP5-specific antibodies (Abs) was observed, no PRRSV-specific neutralizing Abs (NAbs) were induced in pigs given the rAdVs expressing M-GP5 or M-GP5m (GP5m being a mutant form of GP5)...
August 2015: Molecular Biotechnology
Yang Dai, Xiaoting Wang, Jianxia Tang, Song Zhao, Yuntian Xing, Jianrong Dai, Xiaolin Jin, Yinchang Zhu
BACKGROUND: Schistosomiasis japonica is a zoonotic parasitic disease; developing transmission blocking veterinary vaccines are urgently needed for the prevention and control of schistosomiasis in China. Heterologous prime-boost strategy, a novel vaccination approach, is more effective in enhancing vaccine efficacy against multiple pathogens. In the present study, we established a novel heterologous prime-boost vaccination strategy, the rAdV-SjTPI.opt intramuscular priming and rSjTPI subcutaneous boosting strategy, and evaluated its protective efficacy against Schistosoma japonicum in mice...
2015: PloS One
Helin Li, Pengbo Ning, Zhi Lin, Wulong Liang, Kai Kang, Lei He, Yanming Zhang
The use of adenovirus vector-based vaccines is a promising approach for generating antigen-specific immune responses. Improving vaccine potency is necessary in other approaches to address their inadequate protection for the majority of infectious diseases. This study is the first to reconstruct a recombinant replication-defective human adenovirus co-expressing E2 and invasin C-terminal (InvC) glycoproteins (rAd-E2-InvC). rAd-E2-InvC with 2 x 10(6) TCID50 was intramuscularly administered two times to CSFV-free pigs at 14 day intervals...
March 2015: Journal of Biosciences
Lucas A T Garcia, Mariana A Nascimento, Célia R M Barardi
Shellfish depuration is a process that aims to eliminate pathogens from mollusk tissues. Seawater disinfection during the depuration process is important and ultraviolet (UV) light treatment is the most used method worldwide. Viral models are usually employed as surrogates of fastidious viruses in viability studies. The aim of this study was to employ methods based on green fluorescent protein (GFP) fluorescence and plaque forming units to detect, respectively, recombinant adenovirus (rAdV-GFP) and murine norovirus (MNV) artificially seeded in environmental matrices...
March 2015: Food and Environmental Virology
Yan Chen, Yongming Wang, Zhou Fu
The CD80/CD86-CD28 axis is a critical pathway for immuno-corrective therapy, and the cytotoxic T lymphocyte antigen 4 (CTLA4) is a promising immunosuppressor targeting the CD80/CD86-CD28 axis; however, its use for asthma therapy needs further optimization. A human CTLA4 fused with the IgCγ Fc (CTLA4Ig) and mouse CC chemokine receptor type7 (CCR7) coding sequences were inserted into a recombinant adenovirus (rAdV) vector to generate rAdV-CTLA4Ig and rAdV-CCR7. The naive dendritic cells (DCs) were infected with these rAdVs to ensure CCR7 and CTLA4Ig expression...
2014: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Sook-Young Lee, Jeong-Hoon Kim, Yon Mi Park, Ok Sarah Shin, Hankyeom Kim, Han-Gu Choi, Jin-Won Song
Adenoviruses (family Adenoviridae) infect various organ systems and cause diseases in a wide range of host species. In this study, we examined multiple tissues from Chinstrap penguins (Pygoscelis antarctica), collected in Antarctica during 2009 and 2010, for the presence of novel adenoviruses by PCR. Analysis of a 855-bp region of the hexon gene of a newly identified adenovirus, designated Chinstrap penguin adenovirus 1 (CSPAdV-1), showed nucleotide (amino acid) sequence identity of 71.8% (65.5%) with South Polar skua 1 (SPSAdV-1), 71% (70%) with raptor adenovirus 1 (RAdV-1), 71...
May 2014: Viruses
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