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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749566/the-facilitators-and-barriers-of-physical-activity-among-aboriginal-and-torres-strait-islander-regional-sport-participants
#1
Claudie Péloquin, Thomas Doering, Stephanie Alley, Amanda Rebar
BACKGROUND: Disparities in health perspectives between Indigenous and non-Indigenous populations are major concerns in many of the world's well-developed nations. Indigenous populations are largely less healthy, more prone to chronic diseases, and have an earlier overall mortality than non-Indigenous populations. Low levels of physical activity (PA) contribute to the high levels of disease in Indigenous Australians. METHOD: Qualitative analysis of structured one-on-one interviews discussing PA in a regional setting...
July 27, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748738/barriers-and-facilitators-to-healthy-eating-and-disease-self-management-among-older-adults-residing-in-subsidized-housing
#2
Katherine Petroka, Rania Campbell-Bussiere, Dan K Dychtwald, Brandy-Joe Milliron
BACKGROUND: As adults transition into older ages, meeting age-specific dietary recommendations can become increasingly challenging, especially for low-income seniors who reside in publicly subsidized rental housing. AIM: The primary objectives of this study were to: 1) identify barriers and facilitators to healthy eating and self-management of nutrition-related chronic illnesses experienced by low-income seniors residing in a subsidized housing setting; and 2) assess the interest in community nutrition programming among low-income seniors residing in a subsidized housing setting...
January 1, 2017: Nutrition and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747096/preliminary-description-of-aging-cats-and-dogs-presented-to-a-new-zealand-first-opinion-veterinary-clinic-at-end-of-life
#3
M C Gates, H J Hinds, A Dale
AIMS: To conduct a preliminary investigation into the chronic disease conditions and clinical signs present in aging New Zealand companion animals at end-of-life and to describe the timing, circumstances, and manner of death. METHODS: The medical records database of a first opinion, companion animal, veterinary practice in Auckland, New Zealand was searched to identify all canine and feline patients ≥7 years of age that were subjected to euthanasia and/or cremated in the period between July 2012-June 2014...
July 26, 2017: New Zealand Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742770/role-of-the-perioperative-surgical-home-in-optimizing-the-perioperative-use-of-opioids
#4
Thomas R Vetter, Zeev N Kain
Several federal agencies have recently noted that the United States is in the midst of an unprecedented "opioid epidemic," with an increasing number of opioid-related overdoses and deaths. Providers currently face 3 population-level, public health challenges in providing optimal perioperative pain care: (1) the continued lack of overall improvement in the excessive incidence of inadequately treated postoperative pain, (2) minimizing or preventing postoperative opioid-related side effects, and (3) addressing current opioid prescribing patterns, and the accompanying problematic surge in prescription opioid diversion, misuse, abuse, addiction, and overdose...
July 24, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742419/insights-into-the-management-of-chronic-myeloid-leukemia-in-resource-poor-settings-a-mexican-perspective
#5
Andrés Gomez-De-León, David Gómez-Almaguer, Guillermo J Ruiz-Delgado, Guillermo J Ruiz-Arguelles
The arrival of targeted therapy for chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) was revolutionary. However, due to the high cost of tyrosine kinase inhibitors, access to this highly effective therapy with strict monitoring strategies is limited in low to middle-income countries. In this context, following standard recommendations proposed by experts in developed countries is difficult. Areas covered: This review aims to provide an insight into the management of patients with CML living in a resource-limited setting. It addresses several issues: diagnosis, initial treatment, disease monitoring, and additional treatment alternatives including allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation...
July 25, 2017: Expert Review of Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742273/protein-secondary-structure-analysis-of-dried-blood-serum-using-infrared-spectroscopy-to-identify-markers-for-colitis-screening
#6
Jitto Titus, Hemendra Ghimire, Emilie Viennois, Didier Merlin, A G Unil Perera
There remains a great need for diagnosis of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), for which the current technique, colonoscopy, is costly and also has risks for complications. Attenuated Total Reflectance Fourier Transform Infrared (ATR-FTIR) spectroscopy is a new screening technique to evaluate colitis. Using second derivative spectral deconvolution of the absorbance spectra, a full set of spectral markers were identified based on statistical analysis. Using this method, Amide I group frequencies, (specifically, alpha helix to beta sheet ratio of the protein secondary structure) were identified in addition to the previously reported glucose and mannose signatures in sera of chronic and acute mice models of colitis...
July 25, 2017: Journal of Biophotonics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741866/a-review-of-available-laser-and-intense-light-source-home-devices-a-dermatologist-s-perspective
#7
REVIEW
Margit Lw Juhász, Melissa K Levin, Ellen S Marmur
BACKGROUND: Home optical devices are becoming an increasingly popular treatment modality sought out by patients for dermatologic pathologies such as acne, hair removal and anti-aging, as these devices are a low-cost and convenient therapy choice. METHODS: An Internet search using PubMed.gov was completed with search terms, "home device dermatology," "home device acne," "home device hair" or "hair removal," and "home device aging." RESULTS: Currently, there are multiple home optical devices available on the market...
July 25, 2017: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741243/the-pharmacogenomic-and-metabolomic-predictors-of-ace-inhibitor-and-angiotensin-ii-receptor-blocker-effectiveness-and-safety
#8
Hania K Flaten, Andrew A Monte
Hypertension (HTN) is the most common chronic disease in the USA. Hypertensive patients frequently require repeat primary care visits to find an effective drug or drug combination to control their disease. Currently, patients are prescribed drugs for HTN based on race, age, and comorbidities and although the current guidelines are reasonable starting points for prescribing, 50% of hypertensive patients still fail to achieve target blood pressures. Despite numerous strategies to improve compliance, drug effectiveness, and optimization of initial drug choice, effectiveness has remained largely unchanged over the past two decades...
July 24, 2017: Cardiovascular Drugs and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740668/socioeconomic-impact-of-asthma-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-and-asthma-copd-overlap-syndrome
#9
Jinhee Kim, Young Sam Kim, Kyungjoo Kim, Yeon-Mok Oh, Kwang Ha Yoo, Chin Kook Rhee, Jin Hwa Lee
BACKGROUND: Asthma-chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) overlap syndrome (ACOS) is defined as having both features of asthma and COPD, which are airway hyper-responsiveness and incompletely reversible airway obstruction. However, socioeconomic impact of ACOS have not been well appreciated. METHODS: Adults with available wheezing history and acceptable spirometry were selected from the fourth Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES IV) in 2007-2009...
June 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740663/evaluation-of-platelet-lymphocyte-ratio-and-90-day-mortality-in-patients-with-acute-exacerbation-of-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#10
Praneel Kumar, Stephanie Law, Krishna B Sriram
BACKGROUND: Acute exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (AECOPD) have high mortality and health care costs. The platelet to lymphocyte ratio (PLR) is a marker of inflammation and has been reported to be elevated in patients with AECOPD compared to stable state. In this study, we sought to evaluate the association of the PLR in patients with AECOPD with 90-day mortality. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of patients admitted to our institution with a primary diagnosis of AECOPD between January 2014 and July 2014...
June 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740444/effective-deployment-of-technology-supported-management-of-chronic-respiratory-conditions-a-call-for-stakeholder-engagement
#11
Richard W Costello, Alexandra L Dima, Dermot Ryan, R Andrew McIvor, Kay Boycott, Alison Chisholm, David Price, John D Blakey
BACKGROUND: Healthcare systems are under increasing strain, predominantly due to chronic non-communicable diseases. Connected healthcare technologies are becoming ever more capable and their components cheaper. These innovations could facilitate both self-management and more efficient use of healthcare resources for common respiratory diseases such as asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. However, newer technologies can only facilitate major changes in practice, and cannot accomplish them in isolation...
2017: Pragmatic and Observational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740411/subgroup-analysis-of-telehealthcare-for-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-the-cluster-randomized-danish-telecare-north-trial
#12
Flemming Witt Udsen, Pernille H Lilholt, Ole K Hejlesen, Lars H Ehlers
PURPOSE: Results from the Danish cluster-randomized trial of telehealthcare to 1,225 patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), the Danish Telecare North Trial, concluded that the telehealthcare solution was unlikely to be cost-effective, by applying international willingness-to-pay threshold values. The purpose of this article was to assess potential sources of variation across subgroups, which could explain overall cost-effectiveness results or be utilized in future economic studies in telehealthcare research...
2017: ClinicoEconomics and Outcomes Research: CEOR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739541/testing-the-comparative-effects-of-physical-activity-advice-by-humans-vs-computers-in-underserved-populations-the-compass-trial-design-methods-and-baseline-characteristics
#13
Abby C King, Ines Campero, Jylana L Sheats, Cynthia M Castro Sweet, Dulce Garcia, Aldo Chazaro, German Blanco, Michelle Hauser, Fernando Fierros, David K Ahn, Jose Diaz, Monica Done, Juan Fernandez, Timothy Bickmore
While physical inactivity is a key risk factor for a range of chronic diseases and conditions associated with aging, a significant proportion of midlife and older adults remain insufficiently active. This is particularly true for ethnic minority populations such as Latino adults for whom few culturally adapted programs have been developed and tested. The major objective of this 12-month cluster-randomized controlled trial is to test the comparative effectiveness of two linguistically and culturally adapted, community-based physical activity interventions with the potential for broad reach and translation...
July 21, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738457/-survey-of-economic-burden-of-hepatitis-b-related-diseases-in-12-areas-in-china
#14
Q S Ma, S Liang, H W Xiao, S X Zhang, G H Zhuang, Y H Zou, H Z Tan, J C Liu, Y H Zhang, A Q Xu, L Zhang, X X Feng, D S Hu, F Z Wang, F Q Cui, X F Liang
Objective: Less surveys on the economic burden of hepatitis B (HB)-related diseases have been conducted in China, so the socioeconomic harm caused by the diseases is not clear and the key parameters for economic evaluation of hepatitis B prevention and treatment are lacking. This study aimed to analyze the direct, indirect and intangible expenditures of hospitalized patients with HB-related diseases during hospitalization and during a year in different areas of China. Methods: The hospitals for infectious diseases and the large general hospitals in 12 areas in China were selected in the study...
July 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738456/-cost-effectiveness-of-community-based-treatment-of-chronic-hepatitis-b-in-china
#15
S X Zhang, P C Yang, Y L Cai, Y Lin, Y H Zou
Objective: Since eliminating hepatitis B in China would need considerable public health resources, the economics problem of the strategy of community-based antiviral treatment for chronic hepatitis B (CHB) has become an important issue. The cost-effectiveness and affordability of the strategy were evaluated in this study. Methods: According to the advocacy on eliminating hepatitis B by WHO and the comprehensive protocol of community based prevention of major infectious diseases and the guideline for CHB prevention and treatment in China, the decision analytic Markov model was constructed with the parameters from national surveys or Meta-analysis...
July 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737932/ins-and-outs-in-environmental-and-occupational-safety-studies-of-asthma-and-engineered-nanomaterials
#16
Marina A Dobrovolskaia, Michael R Shurin, Valerian E Kagan, Anna A Shvedova
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, approximately 25 million Americans suffer from asthma. The disease total annual cost is about $56 billion and includes both the direct and indirect costs of medications, hospital stays, missed work, and decreased productivity. Air pollution with xenobiotics, bacterial agents, and industrial nanomaterials, such as carbon nanotubes, contribute to the exacerbation of this condition and are a point of particular attention in environmental toxicology as well as in occupational health and safety research...
July 24, 2017: ACS Nano
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736505/estimating-the-cost-effectiveness-of-daclatasvir%C3%A2-%C3%A2-sofosbuvir-versus-sofosbuvir%C3%A2-%C3%A2-ribavirin-for-patients-with-genotype-3-hepatitis-c-virus
#17
Phil McEwan, Samantha Webster, Thomas Ward, Michael Brenner, Anupama Kalsekar, Yong Yuan
BACKGROUND: As treatments for chronic hepatitis C are moving away from interferon-containing regimens, the most appropriate allocation of resources to higher cost, interferon-free, direct-acting antiviral (DAA) regimens needs to be assessed. Hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotype 3 is associated with faster disease progression and has fewer treatment options, historically, than other HCV genotypes. This analysis aims to estimate the comparative cost-effectiveness of two recently licenced interferon-free regimens for the treatment of HCV genotype 3...
2017: Cost Effectiveness and Resource Allocation: C/E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734619/fibromyalgia-prevalence-epidemiologic-profiles-and-economic-costs
#18
REVIEW
Asensi Cabo-Meseguer, Germán Cerdá-Olmedo, José Luis Trillo-Mata
Fibromyalgia is an idiopathic chronic condition that causes widespread musculoskeletal pain, hyperalgesia and allodynia. This review aims to approach the general epidemiology of fibromyalgia according to the most recent published studies, identifying the general worldwide prevalence of the disease, its basic epidemiological profiles and its economic costs, with specific interest in the Spanish and Comunidad Valenciana cases. Fibromyalgia affects, on average, 2.10% of the world's population; 2.31% of the European population; 2...
July 19, 2017: Medicina Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733768/estimates-of-health-utility-scores-in-chronic-kidney-disease
#19
Nigar Sekercioglu, Bryan Curtis, Sean Murphy, Gord Blackhouse, Brendan Barrett
INTRODUCTION: Coverage decisions in publicly funded healthcare systems require a formal, systematic and transparent assessment process for policies related to distribution of resources. The process is complex and employs multiple types of information, such as clinical effectiveness, costs and health utility scores which are used to produce quality-adjusted life years. The purpose of this study was to create health utility scores for CKD patients within the Canadian population. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study of CKD patients...
July 21, 2017: International Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733716/osteosarcopenia-where-bone-muscle-and-fat-collide
#20
REVIEW
H P Hirschfeld, R Kinsella, G Duque
As the world's population ages, the prevalence of chronic diseases increases. Sarcopenia and osteoporosis are two conditions that are associated with aging, with similar risk factors that include genetics, endocrine function, and mechanical factors. Additionally, bone and muscle closely interact with each other not only anatomically, but also chemically and metabolically. Fat infiltration, a phenomenon observed in age-related bone and muscle loss, is highly prevalent and more severe in sarcopenic and osteoporotic subjects...
July 22, 2017: Osteoporosis International
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