keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Recto

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641190/synchronous-mucinous-adenocarcinoma-of-the-recto-sigmoid-revealed-by-and-seeding-an-anal-fistula-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#1
Konstadinos G Spiridakis, Elefterios E Sfakianakis, Manthos E Flamourakis, Dimitra S Intzepogazoglou, Eleni S Tsagataki, Nikolaos E Ximeris, Efstathios K Rachmanis, Ioannis G Gionis, Giorgos E Kostakis, Manousos S Christodoulakis
INTRODUCTION: There are few cases of synchronous rectal adenocarcinoma revealed by an anal fistula. The diagnosis of synchronous mucinous adenocarcinoma of the recto sigmoid and anal canal remains difficult. The chronic anal fistula can be mistaken as the common manifestation of a benign perianal abscess or fistula. CASE PRESENTATION: We present a rare case of a Greek Caucasian 79year old male patient with anal fistula and a recurrent perianal abscess who subsequently was found to have developed synchronous rectosigmoid and perianal mucinous adenocarcinoma on biopsy...
June 8, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622535/vitamin-d-mediates-the-relationship-between-placental-cathelicidin-and-group-b-streptococcus-colonization-during-pregnancy
#2
Christine C Akoh, Eva K Pressman, Corrie M Whisner, Carrie Thomas, Chang Cao, Tera Kent, Elizabeth Cooper, Kimberly O O'Brien
Vitamin D is thought to modulate innate immune responses, and recent studies have highlighted the autocrine and paracrine functions of vitamin D in the placenta. Our objective was to determine the relationship between maternal vitamin D status and placental antimicrobial peptide (AMP) expression in a group of racially and ethnically diverse pregnant adolescents. In this study, 158 pregnant adolescents were recruited from the Rochester Adolescent Maternity Program (RAMP) in Rochester, NY. Maternal serum concentrations of the vitamin D biomarkers, 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) and 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D (1,25(OH)2D), were measured at mid-gestation (∼26 weeks) and at delivery...
June 6, 2017: Journal of Reproductive Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612145/transanal-hartmann-s-colostomy-reversal-assisted-by-laparoscopy-outcomes-of-the-first-10-patients
#3
Jean-Sébastien Trépanier, María Clara Arroyave, Raquel Bravo, Marta Jiménez-Toscano, Francisco B DeLacy, María Fernandez-Hevia, Antonio M Lacy
INTRODUCTION: Restoration of intestinal continuity after Hartmann's procedure is a technically difficult surgery associated with significant morbidity and mortality. This study presents the short-term results of a new approach: a transanal Hartmann's colostomy reversal assisted by laparoscopy. METHOD: This is a retrospective analysis of data collected in one tertiary hospital, from October 2013 to November 2015. RESULTS: During the study period, there were ten cases of transanal Hartmann's reversal...
June 13, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551914/-notes-assisted-endolumenal-rectal-resection-and-specimen-extraction-without-rectal-stump-opening-our-experience-with-this-novel-technique-in-a-porcine-model
#4
Anton Kvasha, Eyal Rosenthal, Muhammad Khalifa, Igor Waksman
INTRODUCTION: Laparoscopic surgery has long been used for colon and rectal resection, and the laparoscopic-assisted approach has prevailed in surgical practice. While this technique includes the fashioning of an intra-corporeal anastomosis, it still requires an abdominal incision for specimen extraction. Elimination of the abdominal incision and its potential complications has been the motivation for the development of natural orifice specimen extraction (NOSE) techniques. Many of these techniques make use of an open rectal stump, which poses as a potential for intra-abdominal contamination...
May 2017: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536687/abdominal-and-pelvic-actinomycosis-due-to-longstanding-intrauterine-device-a-slow-and-devastating-infection
#5
Evelyn Sue Nakahira, Linda Ferreira Maximiano, Fabiana Roberto Lima, Edson Yassushi Ussami
Actinomycosis is a chronic or subacute bacterial infection characterized by large abscess formation, caused mainly by the gram-positive non-acid-fast, anaerobic, or microaerophilic/capnophilic, obligate parasites bacteria from the Actinomyces genus. Although pelvic inflammatory disease is an entity associated with the longstanding use of intrauterine devices (IUDs), actinomycosis is not one of the most frequent infections associated with IUDs. We present the case of a 43-year-old female patient who was referred to the emergency facility because of a 20-day history of abdominal pain with signs of peritoneal irritation...
January 2017: Autopsy & case reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515218/group-b-streptococcus-among-pregnant-women-and-newborns-in-mirzapur-bangladesh-colonization-vertical-transmission-and-serotype-distribution
#6
Samir K Saha, Zabed B Ahmed, Joyanta K Modak, Hakka Naziat, Shampa Saha, Mohammad A Uddin, Maksuda Islam, Abdullah H Baqui, Gary L Darmstadt, Stephanie J Schrag
Group B Streptococcus (GBS) infection is a leading cause of death in newborns in developed countries. Data on burden of GBS in Asian countries is lacking. This study aimed to understand i) rate of maternal recto-vaginal GBS carriage, ii) vertical transmission of GBS as determined by culturing ear, umbilicus and nasal swabs, and iii) distribution of GBS serotypes. This prospective observational study was conducted from September 2012 to November 2013 at Kumudini Hospital, a secondary level hospital, at Mirzapur, Bangladesh...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Clinical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503515/synthetic-versus-biological-mesh-related-erosion-after-laparoscopic-ventral-mesh-rectopexy-a-systematic-review
#7
REVIEW
Andrea Balla, Silvia Quaresima, Sebastian Smolarek, Mostafa Shalaby, Giulia Missori, Pierpaolo Sileri
PURPOSE: This review reports the incidence of mesh-related erosion after ventral mesh rectopexy to determine whether any difference exists in the erosion rate between synthetic and biological mesh. METHODS: A systematic search of the MEDLINE and the Ovid databases was conducted to identify suitable articles published between 2004 and 2015. The search strategy capture terms were laparoscopic ventral mesh rectopexy, laparoscopic anterior rectopexy, robotic ventral rectopexy, and robotic anterior rectopexy...
April 2017: Annals of Coloproctology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495443/dose-volume-correlation-of-cumulative-vaginal-doses-and-late-toxicity-after-adjuvant-external-radiation-and-brachytherapy-for-cervical-cancer
#8
Roshni Singh, Supriya Chopra, Reena Engineer, Siji Paul, Sadhana Kannan, Sarthak Mohanty, Jamema Swamidas, Umesh Mahantshetty, Jaya Ghosh, Amita Maheshwari, T Surappa Shylasree, Rajendra Kerkar, Sudeep Gupta, Shyam Shrivastava
PURPOSE: To investigate dose-response relationship between vaginal doses and long-term morbidity. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Patients receiving adjuvant pelvic (chemo) radiation and brachytherapy for cervical cancer from January 2011 to December 2014 were included. Baseline vaginal length was determined clinically and from imaging at BT planning. Dose points were defined along mucosa and at 5 mm depth at 12, 3, 6, and 9 'o' clock positions at every 2 cm from apex to introitus...
May 8, 2017: Brachytherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487842/dietary-primary-prevention-of-allergic-diseases-in-children-the-philippine-guidelines
#9
REVIEW
Marysia Stella T Recto, Maria Lourdes G Genuino, Mary Anne R Castor, Roxanne J Casis-Hao, Diana R Tamondong-Lachica, Maria Imelda V Sales, Marilou G Tan, Karen S Mondonedo, Regina C Dionisio-Capulong
Allergic diseases, such as asthma, allergic rhinitis, eczema, and food allergy, are preventable diseases. Primary prevention strategies of allergic diseases have been in scrutiny. Effective prevention strategies maybe started prenatally, postnatally, during infancy, and even during childhood. These guidelines have been prepared by the Philippine Society of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology and the Philippine Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition. They aim to provide evidence-based recommendations for the dietary primary prevention of allergic diseases in children...
April 2017: Asia Pacific Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482994/assessing-the-mental-health-needs-of-pregnant-adolescents-health-literacy-frameworks-to-guide-research-and-practice
#10
Pamela Recto, Jane Dimmitt Champion, Michael Mackert
BACKGROUND: Psychological distress negatively impacts fetal development and may result in complications such as preterm delivery, low infant birth weight, and poor maternal-infant attachment during the postpartum period. Female adolescents may be experiencing environmental and psychosocial stressors during the pre- and postnatal periods that may predispose them to psychological distress. Health literacy has been used to assess the needs of individuals who have chronic illnesses. Mental health literacy however has not been assessed as extensively, particularly among pregnant adolescents...
May 1, 2017: Research and Theory for Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467189/prevalence-of-escherichia-coli-o157-shedding-in-preweaned-calves-on-colorado-dairies
#11
Chloe Stenkamp-Strahm, Craig McConnel, Doreene R Hyatt, Roberta Magnuson, Paige Tenneson, Lyndsey Linke
To gain insight into a potential age-related predisposition for Escherichia coli pathogen shedding on dairies, this pilot study measured the prevalence of E. coli O157 (ECO157) in the feces of preweaned dairy calves. An aim of this study was to link these outcomes with the concurrent environmental presence of ECO157 and dam ECO157 shedding elucidated in a parallel study. Recto-anal mucosal swabs and a subset of fecal grab samples were collected from calves (2 to 8 weeks of age; n = 399) monthly between December 2013 and June 2014 on three dairies in northern Colorado...
June 2017: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28466582/in-irritable-bowel-syndrome-postprandial-abdominal-distention-is-associated-with-a-reduction-of-intestinal-tone
#12
M Di Stefano, M Bergonzi, E Miceli, C Klersy, E Pagani, G R Corazza
BACKGROUND: The pathophysiology of abdominal distention in irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is still a matter of debate, but the relationship between modifications of intestinal tone and abdominal volume has never been analyzed. METHODS: Eighty-four patients affected by IBS and reporting moderate to severe abdominal distention were enrolled. Thirty-nine presented abdominal distention immediately after and forty-five presented abdominal distention independently of meal intake...
May 3, 2017: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460202/neoplastic-sigmoid-uterine-fistula-an-exceptional-complication-of-large-intestine-cancer
#13
G Zanghì, V Leanza, R Vecchio, A D'Agati, S Cordova, N M Rinzivillo, M Lodato, G Leanza
Neoplastic sigmoid-uterine fistula is an extremely rare condition because the uterus is a thick and muscular organ. A 74-year-old woman was admitted to the First Aid Station suffering from abdominal pain and foul smelling vaginal discharge. Gynaecological examination showed fecal drainage from the cervical orifice, while the uterus was regular in size but very firm and painful. Ovaries and fallopian tubes were not palpable owing to abdominal tenderness. Ultrasounds reveled inhomogeneous thickening of uterine cavity, without detecting fistula...
January 2017: Il Giornale di Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420662/outcome-of-a-screening-programme-for-the-prevention-of-neonatal-invasive-early-onset-group-b-streptococcus-infection-in-a-uk-maternity-unit-an-observational-study
#14
G Gopal Rao, G Nartey, T McAree, A O'Reilly, S Hiles, T Lee, S Wallace, R Batura, P Khanna, H Abbas, C Tilsed, R Nicholl, T Lamagni, P Bassett
BACKGROUND: Against a background of failure to prevent neonatal invasive early-onset group B Streptococcus infections (GBS) in our maternity unit using risk-based approach for intrapartum antibiotic prophylaxis, we introduced an antenatal GBS carriage screening programme to identify additional women to target for prophylaxis. OBJECTIVES: To describe the implementation and outcome of an antepartum screening programme for prevention of invasive early-onset GBS infection in a UK maternity unit...
April 18, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404985/culture-independent-analysis-using-gnd-as-a-target-gene-to-assess-escherichia-coli-diversity-and-community-structure
#15
Adrian L Cookson, Patrick J Biggs, Jonathan C Marshall, Angela Reynolds, Rose M Collis, Nigel P French, Gale Brightwell
Current culture methods to investigate changes in Escherichia coli community structure are often slow and laborious. Genes such as gnd (6-phosphogluconate dehydrogenase) have a highly variable nucleotide sequence and may provide a target for E. coli microbiome analysis using culture-independent methods. Metabarcoded PCR primers were used to generate separate libraries from calf faecal samples for high throughput sequencing. Although a total of 348 separate gnd sequence types (gSTs) were identified, 188 were likely to be due to sequencing errors...
April 12, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28352637/neurostimulation-for-fecal-incontinence-after-correction-of-repair-of-imperforate-anus
#16
Alexandre Bougie, Nathalie McFadden, Sandeep Mayer, Michel Lebel, Ghislain Devroede
We are reporting the case of a 32-year-old female who had suffered from fecal incontinence (FI). She was born with an imperforate anus and a recto-vaginal fistula; she underwent repair at 6 mo of age. At 29 years of age, she was still fecally incontinent despite extensive pelvic floor reeducation. A magnetic resonance imaging and an anal electromyography were performed. Because her symptoms were considered to be probably due to extra-sphincteric implantation of the neo-anus, a redo was performed of the recto-neo-anal intra-sphincteric anastomosis...
March 16, 2017: World Journal of Clinical Cases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342392/value-of-the-68-ga-dotatate-pet-ct-in-the-diagnosis-of-endometriosis-a-pilot-study
#17
M Fastrez, C Artigas, N Sirtaine, Z Wimana, M Caillet, S Rozenberg, P Flamen
OBJECTIVE: The non-invasive diagnosis of endometriosis remains challenging. Recent data suggested that somatostatin might be involved in its pathogenesis. High sensitive visualization of somatostatin receptors expression is possible using PET-CT imaging after the administration of a (68)Ga-labeled somatostatin analog (DOTATATE) that will bind to the somatostatin receptor sub-types 2 and 5. The aim of the present study was to assess the usefulness of (68)Ga-DOTATATE PET-CT in the diagnosis of endometriosis...
May 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342157/recto-vaginal-fistula-after-pessary-therapy
#18
Christl Reisenauer, Markus Huebner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289973/a-novel-laparoscopic-technique-for-anorectal-malformation-with-low-recto-bulbar-fistulae
#19
Mei Diao, Long Li, Kao-Ping Guan, Zhen Zhang, Wei Cheng
BACKGROUND: The repair of anorectal malformation (ARM) with low recto-bulbar fistula (bowel-to-skin distance: 1-1.5 cm) is contraindicated for laparoscopy due to the difficulty in exposing the fistulae. Posterior or anterior sagittal anorectoplasty is thus conventionally carried out for low recto-bulbar fistula repair. However, these procedures carry the potential risk of wound infection/dehiscence and incontinence. We have developed a single-incision laparoscopic-assisted perineal anorectoplasty (SILPARP) technique...
March 13, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258616/focal-salvage-high-intensity-focused-ultrasound-in-radiorecurrent-prostate-cancer
#20
Abi Kanthabalan, Max Peters, Marco Van Vulpen, Neil McCartan, Richard Graham Hindley, Amr Emara, Caroline M Moore, Manit Arya, Mark Emberton, Hashim Uddin Ahmed
OBJECTIVE: To assess short- to medium-term cancer control rates and side effects of focal salvage high- intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective registry analysis identified 150 men who underwent focal salvage HIFU (FS-HIFU) (Sonablate 500) between November 2006 and August 2015. Metastatic disease was excluded by nodal assessment on the pelvic MRI, a radioisotope bone scan and positron-emission tomography (PET) imaging (choline-18F-fluorodeoxyglucose PET or choline PET-CT)...
March 4, 2017: BJU International
keyword
keyword
44093
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"