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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515218/group-b-streptococcus-among-pregnant-women-and-newborns-in-mirzapur-bangladesh-colonization-vertical-transmission-and-serotype-distribution
#1
Samir K Saha, Zabed B Ahmed, Joyanta K Modak, Hakka Naziat, Shampa Saha, Mohammad A Uddin, Maksuda Islam, Abdullah H Baqui, Gary L Darmstadt, Stephanie J Schrag
Group B Streptococcus (GBS) infection is a leading cause of death in newborns in developed countries. Data on burden of GBS in Asian countries is lacking. This study aimed to understand i) rate of maternal recto-vaginal GBS carriage, ii) vertical transmission of GBS as determined by culturing ear, umbilicus and nasal swabs, and iii) distribution of GBS serotypes. This prospective observational study was conducted from September 2012 to November 2013 at Kumudini Hospital, a secondary level hospital, at Mirzapur, Bangladesh...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Clinical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503515/synthetic-versus-biological-mesh-related-erosion-after-laparoscopic-ventral-mesh-rectopexy-a-systematic-review
#2
REVIEW
Andrea Balla, Silvia Quaresima, Sebastian Smolarek, Mostafa Shalaby, Giulia Missori, Pierpaolo Sileri
PURPOSE: This review reports the incidence of mesh-related erosion after ventral mesh rectopexy to determine whether any difference exists in the erosion rate between synthetic and biological mesh. METHODS: A systematic search of the MEDLINE and the Ovid databases was conducted to identify suitable articles published between 2004 and 2015. The search strategy capture terms were laparoscopic ventral mesh rectopexy, laparoscopic anterior rectopexy, robotic ventral rectopexy, and robotic anterior rectopexy...
April 2017: Annals of Coloproctology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495443/dose-volume-correlation-of-cumulative-vaginal-doses-and-late-toxicity-after-adjuvant-external-radiation-and-brachytherapy-for-cervical-cancer
#3
Roshni Singh, Supriya Chopra, Reena Engineer, Siji Paul, Sadhana Kannan, Sarthak Mohanty, Jamema Swamidas, Umesh Mahantshetty, Jaya Ghosh, Amita Maheshwari, T Surappa Shylasree, Rajendra Kerkar, Sudeep Gupta, Shyam Shrivastava
PURPOSE: To investigate dose-response relationship between vaginal doses and long-term morbidity. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Patients receiving adjuvant pelvic (chemo) radiation and brachytherapy for cervical cancer from January 2011 to December 2014 were included. Baseline vaginal length was determined clinically and from imaging at BT planning. Dose points were defined along mucosa and at 5 mm depth at 12, 3, 6, and 9 'o' clock positions at every 2 cm from apex to introitus...
May 8, 2017: Brachytherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487842/dietary-primary-prevention-of-allergic-diseases-in-children-the-philippine-guidelines
#4
REVIEW
Marysia Stella T Recto, Maria Lourdes G Genuino, Mary Anne R Castor, Roxanne J Casis-Hao, Diana R Tamondong-Lachica, Maria Imelda V Sales, Marilou G Tan, Karen S Mondonedo, Regina C Dionisio-Capulong
Allergic diseases, such as asthma, allergic rhinitis, eczema, and food allergy, are preventable diseases. Primary prevention strategies of allergic diseases have been in scrutiny. Effective prevention strategies maybe started prenatally, postnatally, during infancy, and even during childhood. These guidelines have been prepared by the Philippine Society of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology and the Philippine Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition. They aim to provide evidence-based recommendations for the dietary primary prevention of allergic diseases in children...
April 2017: Asia Pacific Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482994/assessing-the-mental-health-needs-of-pregnant-adolescents-health-literacy-frameworks-to-guide-research-and-practice
#5
Pamela Recto, Jane Dimmitt Champion, Michael Mackert
BACKGROUND: Psychological distress negatively impacts fetal development and may result in complications such as preterm delivery, low infant birth weight, and poor maternal-infant attachment during the postpartum period. Female adolescents may be experiencing environmental and psychosocial stressors during the pre- and postnatal periods that may predispose them to psychological distress. Health literacy has been used to assess the needs of individuals who have chronic illnesses. Mental health literacy however has not been assessed as extensively, particularly among pregnant adolescents...
May 1, 2017: Research and Theory for Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467189/prevalence-of-escherichia-coli-o157-shedding-in-preweaned-calves-on-colorado-dairies
#6
Chloe Stenkamp-Strahm, Craig McConnel, Doreene R Hyatt, Roberta Magnuson, Paige Tenneson, Lyndsey Linke
To gain insight into a potential age-related predisposition for Escherichia coli pathogen shedding on dairies, this pilot study measured the prevalence of E. coli O157 (ECO157) in the feces of preweaned dairy calves. An aim of this study was to link these outcomes with the concurrent environmental presence of ECO157 and dam ECO157 shedding elucidated in a parallel study. Recto-anal mucosal swabs and a subset of fecal grab samples were collected from calves (2 to 8 weeks of age; n = 399) monthly between December 2013 and June 2014 on three dairies in northern Colorado...
May 3, 2017: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28466582/in-irritable-bowel-syndrome-postprandial-abdominal-distention-is-associated-with-a-reduction-of-intestinal-tone
#7
M Di Stefano, M Bergonzi, E Miceli, C Klersy, E Pagani, G R Corazza
BACKGROUND: The pathophysiology of abdominal distention in irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is still a matter of debate, but the relationship between modifications of intestinal tone and abdominal volume has never been analyzed. METHODS: Eighty-four patients affected by IBS and reporting moderate to severe abdominal distention were enrolled. Thirty-nine presented abdominal distention immediately after and forty-five presented abdominal distention independently of meal intake...
May 3, 2017: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460202/neoplastic-sigmoid-uterine-fistula-an-exceptional-complication-of-large-intestine-cancer
#8
G Zanghì, V Leanza, R Vecchio, A D'Agati, S Cordova, N M Rinzivillo, M Lodato, G Leanza
Neoplastic sigmoid-uterine fistula is an extremely rare condition because the uterus is a thick and muscular organ. A 74-year-old woman was admitted to the First Aid Station suffering from abdominal pain and foul smelling vaginal discharge. Gynaecological examination showed fecal drainage from the cervical orifice, while the uterus was regular in size but very firm and painful. Ovaries and fallopian tubes were not palpable owing to abdominal tenderness. Ultrasounds reveled inhomogeneous thickening of uterine cavity, without detecting fistula...
January 2017: Il Giornale di Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420662/outcome-of-a-screening-programme-for-the-prevention-of-neonatal-invasive-early-onset-group-b-streptococcus-infection-in-a-uk-maternity-unit-an-observational-study
#9
G Gopal Rao, G Nartey, T McAree, A O'Reilly, S Hiles, T Lee, S Wallace, R Batura, P Khanna, H Abbas, C Tilsed, R Nicholl, T Lamagni, P Bassett
BACKGROUND: Against a background of failure to prevent neonatal invasive early-onset group B Streptococcus infections (GBS) in our maternity unit using risk-based approach for intrapartum antibiotic prophylaxis, we introduced an antenatal GBS carriage screening programme to identify additional women to target for prophylaxis. OBJECTIVES: To describe the implementation and outcome of an antepartum screening programme for prevention of invasive early-onset GBS infection in a UK maternity unit...
April 18, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404985/culture-independent-analysis-using-gnd-as-a-target-gene-to-assess-escherichia-coli-diversity-and-community-structure
#10
Adrian L Cookson, Patrick J Biggs, Jonathan C Marshall, Angela Reynolds, Rose M Collis, Nigel P French, Gale Brightwell
Current culture methods to investigate changes in Escherichia coli community structure are often slow and laborious. Genes such as gnd (6-phosphogluconate dehydrogenase) have a highly variable nucleotide sequence and may provide a target for E. coli microbiome analysis using culture-independent methods. Metabarcoded PCR primers were used to generate separate libraries from calf faecal samples for high throughput sequencing. Although a total of 348 separate gnd sequence types (gSTs) were identified, 188 were likely to be due to sequencing errors...
April 12, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28352637/neurostimulation-for-fecal-incontinence-after-correction-of-repair-of-imperforate-anus
#11
Alexandre Bougie, Nathalie McFadden, Sandeep Mayer, Michel Lebel, Ghislain Devroede
We are reporting the case of a 32-year-old female who had suffered from fecal incontinence (FI). She was born with an imperforate anus and a recto-vaginal fistula; she underwent repair at 6 mo of age. At 29 years of age, she was still fecally incontinent despite extensive pelvic floor reeducation. A magnetic resonance imaging and an anal electromyography were performed. Because her symptoms were considered to be probably due to extra-sphincteric implantation of the neo-anus, a redo was performed of the recto-neo-anal intra-sphincteric anastomosis...
March 16, 2017: World Journal of Clinical Cases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342392/value-of-the-68-ga-dotatate-pet-ct-in-the-diagnosis-of-endometriosis-a-pilot-study
#12
M Fastrez, C Artigas, N Sirtaine, Z Wimana, M Caillet, S Rozenberg, P Flamen
OBJECTIVE: The non-invasive diagnosis of endometriosis remains challenging. Recent data suggested that somatostatin might be involved in its pathogenesis. High sensitive visualization of somatostatin receptors expression is possible using PET-CT imaging after the administration of a (68)Ga-labeled somatostatin analog (DOTATATE) that will bind to the somatostatin receptor sub-types 2 and 5. The aim of the present study was to assess the usefulness of (68)Ga-DOTATATE PET-CT in the diagnosis of endometriosis...
May 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342157/recto-vaginal-fistula-after-pessary-therapy
#13
Christl Reisenauer, Markus Huebner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289973/a-novel-laparoscopic-technique-for-anorectal-malformation-with-low-recto-bulbar-fistulae
#14
Mei Diao, Long Li, Kao-Ping Guan, Zhen Zhang, Wei Cheng
BACKGROUND: The repair of anorectal malformation (ARM) with low recto-bulbar fistula (bowel-to-skin distance: 1-1.5 cm) is contraindicated for laparoscopy due to the difficulty in exposing the fistulae. Posterior or anterior sagittal anorectoplasty is thus conventionally carried out for low recto-bulbar fistula repair. However, these procedures carry the potential risk of wound infection/dehiscence and incontinence. We have developed a single-incision laparoscopic-assisted perineal anorectoplasty (SILPARP) technique...
March 13, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258616/focal-salvage-high-intensity-focused-ultrasound-in-radiorecurrent-prostate-cancer
#15
Abi Kanthabalan, Max Peters, Marco Van Vulpen, Neil McCartan, Richard Graham Hindley, Amr Emara, Caroline M Moore, Manit Arya, Mark Emberton, Hashim Uddin Ahmed
OBJECTIVE: To assess short- to medium-term cancer control rates and side effects of focal salvage high- intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective registry analysis identified 150 men who underwent focal salvage HIFU (FS-HIFU) (Sonablate 500) between November 2006 and August 2015. Metastatic disease was excluded by nodal assessment on the pelvic MRI, a radioisotope bone scan and positron-emission tomography (PET) imaging (choline-18F-fluorodeoxyglucose PET or choline PET-CT)...
March 4, 2017: BJU International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251101/comparative-analysis-of-colorectal-carcinoma-staging-using-operative-histopathology-and-computed-tomography-findings
#16
Subhash Chander Singla, Dhawal Kaushal, Harinder Singh Sagoo, Nalini Calton
BACKGROUND: The staging of colorectal carcinoma using 3 modalities viz operative, histopathology and CT scan has been subject of interest in accurately defining the extent of disease. This retrospective as well as prospective study was carried out at CMC, Ludhiana, Punjab from November 2011 to May 2014. AIM: The objective of this study was to assess the usefulness and accuracy of CT scan findings to state the extent and spread of colorectal malignancy and to correlate these findings with histopathological diagnosis...
January 2017: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237500/prospects-for-preventing-infant-invasive-gbs-disease-through-maternal-vaccination
#17
Shabir A Madhi, Ziyaad Dangor
Group B streptococcus (GBS) is a leading cause of neonatal sepsis, with the highest incidence (1.3 per 1000 live births) reported from Africa. Although the incidence of invasive GBS disease is reportedly low in South Asia, there is disconnect between prevalence of maternal recto-vaginal colonization and the incidence of early-onset disease (EOD). This is possibly due to case-ascertainment biases that omit investigation of newborns dying on day-0 of life, which accounts for >90% of EOD. Furthermore, GBS is associated with approximately 15% of all infection related stillbirths...
February 22, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191911/mutations-of-myh14-are-associated-to-anorectal-malformations-with-recto-perineal-fistulas-in-a-small-subset-of-chinese-population
#18
Zhongxian Zhu, Lei Peng, Guanglin Chen, Weiwei Jiang, Ziyang Shen, Chunxia Du, Rujin Zang, Yang Su, Hua Xie, Hongxing Li, Yankai Xia, Weibing Tang
Anorectal malformations (ARMs) are among the most commonly congenital abnormalities of distal hindgut development, ranging from anal stenosis to anal atresia with or without fistulas and persistent cloaca. The etiology remains elusive for most ARM cases and the majority of genetic studies on ARMs were based on a candidate gene approach. Here, we first performed whole-exome sequencing in a non-consanguineous Chinese family and the result revealed a homozygous mutation (GenBank: NM_001077186; c.5393C>A[p.Ala1806Asp]) in MYH14, which encodes one of the NM II heavy chain (NMHC II) proteins playing vital roles in cell adhesion and migration...
February 13, 2017: Clinical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185025/constipation-pathophysiology-and-current-therapeutic-approaches
#19
Amol Sharma, Satish Rao
Chronic constipation is a common, persistent condition affecting many patients worldwide, presenting significant economic burden and resulting in substantial healthcare utilization. In addition to infrequent bowel movements, the definition of constipation includes excessive straining, a sense of incomplete evacuation, failed or lengthy attempts to defecate, use of digital manoeuvres for evacuation of stool, abdominal bloating, and hard consistency of stools. After excluding secondary causes of constipation, chronic idiopathic or primary constipation can be classified as functional defecation disorder, slow-transit constipation (STC), and constipation-predominant irritable bowel syndrome (IBS-C)...
2017: Handbook of Experimental Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139106/-gynecological-abnormalities-in-patients-with-rectovestibular-fistula
#20
A Vilanova-Sánchez, A Sánchez Galán, A M Andrés Moreno, J L Encinas Hernández, V Núñez Cerezo, V Amesty Morello, G Chocarro Amatrianin, L Martínez Martínez, M J Martínez-Urruta, M López Santamaría
Patients with recto vestibular fistula may have gynecological malformations that could be unnoticed at the initial examination. The aim of this paper is to demonstrate the incidence of these malformations and propose a study method to help diagnose these malformations, avoiding unnecessary surgeries. We reviewed the records of patients treated with rectovaginal fistula (RVF) in the last 18 years and studied their gynecological malformations, time at diagnosis and treatment received. Of the 39 patients treated, 5 of them (13...
April 10, 2016: Cirugía Pediátrica: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Cirugía Pediátrica
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