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Pediatric GER

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204582/publication-trends-in-obstructive-sleep-apnea-evidence-of-need-for-more-evidence
#1
R Araslanova, J Paradis, B W Rotenberg
Objective: Published research in obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) appears limited despite OSA being a highly prevalent adult and pediatric disease leading to many adverse outcomes if left untreated. We aimed to quantify the deficit in OSA scientific literature in order to provide a novel way of identifying gaps in knowledge and a need for further research inquiry. Methods: This was a Bibliometric analysis study. Using Ovid Medline database we analyzed and compared research output (medical and surgical) between adult OSA and similarly prevalent chronic conditions (Type II diabetes (T2DM), coronary artery disease (CAD) and osteoarthritis (OA)) from December 2016 up to fifty years prior...
June 2017: World Journal of Otorhinolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168360/does-nissen-fundoplication-improve-deglutition-in-children
#2
Tutku Soyer, Şule Yalçın, Numan Demir, Asuman Nur Karhan, İnci Nur Saltık-Temizel, Hülya Demir, Feridun Cahit Tanyel
Soyer T, Yalçın Ş, Demir N, Karhan AN, Saltık-Temizel İN, Demir H, Tanyel FC. Does Nissen fundoplication improve deglutition in children? Turk J Pediatr 2017; 59: 28-34. A prospective study was performed to evaluate the effect of Nissen fundoplication (NF) on deglutition in children. Children who underwent NF between 2011-2015 were evaluated for demographic features, clinical findings, diagnostic methods for gastroesophageal reflux (GER) and indications for NF. Penetration aspiration scale (PAS), functional oral intake scale (FOIS) and esophageal functions were evaluated by videoflouroscopy (VFS)...
2017: Turkish Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133255/high-prevalence-of-barrett-s-esophagus-and-esophageal-squamous-cell-carcinoma-after-repair-of-esophageal-atresia
#3
Floor W T Vergouwe, Hanneke IJsselstijn, Katharina Biermann, Nicole S Erler, René M H Wijnen, Marco J Bruno, Manon C W Spaander
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Esophageal atresia is rare, but improved surgical and intensive care techniques have increased rates of survival in children, so there are now many adults with this disorder. Many patients with esophageal atresia develop gastroesophageal reflux (GER), raising concerns about increased risk of Barrett's esophagus (BE; prevalence of 1.3%-1.6% in general population) and esophageal carcinoma. We assessed the prevalence of BE and esophageal carcinoma in this population. METHODS: We performed a prospective study of 289 patients with esophageal atresia at the Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology at Erasmus MC University Medical Center in The Netherlands, from May 2012 through March 2017...
November 10, 2017: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29066468/choosing-wisely-campaign-report-card-and-achievable-benchmarks-of-care-for-children-s-hospitals
#4
Mario Reyes, Evan Paulus, Carla Hronek, Veronica Etinger, Matt Hall, Joyee Vachani, Jennifer Lusk, Christopher Emerson, Patty Huddleson, Ricardo A Quinonez
OBJECTIVES: In 2013, the Society of Hospital Medicine (SHM) released 5 pediatric recommendations for the Choosing Wisely Campaign (CWC). Our goals were to develop a report card on the basis of those recommendations, calculate achievable benchmarks of care (ABCs), and analyze performance among hospitals participating in the Pediatric Health Information System. METHODS: Children hospitalized between January 2013 and September 2015 from 32 Pediatric Health Information System hospitals were studied...
October 24, 2017: Hospital Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870218/respiratory-problems-in-children-with-esophageal-atresia-and-tracheoesophageal-fistula
#5
Federica Porcaro, Laura Valfré, Lelia Rotondi Aufiero, Luigi Dall'Oglio, Paola De Angelis, Alberto Villani, Pietro Bagolan, Sergio Bottero, Renato Cutrera
BACKGROUND: Children with congenital esophageal atresia (EA) and tracheoesophageal fistula (TEF) have chronic respiratory symptoms including recurrent pneumonia, wheezing and persistent cough. The aim of this study is to describe the clinical findings of a large group of children with EA and TEF surgically corrected and the instrumental investigation to which they have undergone in order to better understand the patient's needs and harmonize the care. METHODS: A retrospective data collection was performed on 105 children with EA and TEF followed at Department of Pediatric Medicine of Bambino Gesù Children's Hospital (Rome, Italy) between 2010 and 2015...
September 5, 2017: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808763/characteristics-of-gastroesophageal-reflux-in-pediatric-patients-with-neurological-impairment
#6
Hisayoshi Kawahara, Yuko Tazuke, Hideki Soh, Noriaki Usui, Hiroomi Okuyama
PURPOSE: To clarify the characteristics of gastroesophageal reflux (GER) in pediatric patients with neurological impairment (NI). METHODS: Twenty-six patients with NI, 1-17-year-old, fed via a nasogastric tube were categorized based on the absence (group I) or presence (group II) of abnormal GER, defined with multichannel intraluminal impedance-pH monitoring as %time with an esophageal pH <4.0 being ≥5.0% or number of liquid/mixed bolus reflux events(RE) >70 in 24 h...
October 2017: Pediatric Surgery International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28751614/variations-in-definitions-and-outcome-measures-in-gastroesophageal-reflux-disease-a-systematic-review
#7
REVIEW
Maartje M J Singendonk, Anna J Brink, Nina F Steutel, Faridi S van Etten-Jamaludin, Michiel P van Wijk, Marc A Benninga, Merit M Tabbers
CONTEXT: Gastroesophageal reflux (GER) is defined as GER disease (GERD) when it leads to troublesome symptoms and/or complications. We hypothesized that definitions and outcome measures in randomized controlled trials (RCTs) on pediatric GERD would be heterogeneous. OBJECTIVES: Systematically assess definitions and outcome measures in RCTs in this population. DATA SOURCES: Data were obtained through Cochrane, Embase, Medline, and Pubmed databases...
July 27, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559658/platelet-endothelial-cell-adhesion-molecule-1-gene-polymorphisms-are-associated-with-coronary-artery-lesions-in-the-chronic-stage-of-kawasaki-disease
#8
Wen-Hsien Lu, Sin-Jhih Huang, Yeong-Seng Yuh, Kai-Sheng Hsieh, Chia-Wan Tang, Huei-Han Liou, Luo-Ping Ger
BACKGROUND: Kawasaki disease is the most common cause of pediatric acquired heart disease. The role of platelet endothelial cell adhesion molecule-1 in the inflammatory process has been documented. To date, no report has investigated the relationship between coronary artery lesions of Kawasaki disease and platelet endothelial cell adhesion molecule-1 polymorphisms. METHODS: A total of 114 Kawasaki disease children with coronary artery lesions and 185 Kawasaki disease children without coronary artery lesions were recruited in this study...
May 2017: Acta Cardiologica Sinica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28248794/intestinal-metaplasia-of-the-esophagus-in-children-with-esophageal-atresia
#9
Helen Hsieh, Adam Frenette, Laurent Michaud, Usha Krishnan, Dorothée B Dal-Soglio, Frederic Gottrand, Christophe Faure
OBJECTIVES: Patients with esophageal atresia/tracheoesophageal fistula (EA-TEF) can develop Barrett esophagus as a long-term consequence of their condition. Intestinal metaplasia (IM), a risk factor for developing adenocarcinoma of the esophagus, has not been well characterized in the pediatric population. METHODS: Retrospective review of patients with EA-TEF followed at 3 academic pediatric centers between the years 1997 and 2014. RESULTS: Among 542 children and adolescents, 1...
July 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185711/impact-of-gastroesophageal-reflux-and-delayed-gastric-emptying-on-pediatric-lung-transplant-outcomes
#10
Fei Jamie Dy, Dawn Freiberger, Enju Liu, Debra Boyer, Gary Visner, Rachel Rosen
BACKGROUND: Gastroesophageal reflux disease is thought to predispose to adverse lung allograft outcomes. However, little is known about the burden of gastroesophageal reflux (GER) and gastroparesis in pediatric patients. In this study we describe the burden of reflux and gastroparesis in children undergoing lung transplant, and evaluates their impact on allograft survival and rejection incidence. METHODS: This study is a retrospective analysis of pediatric lung transplant recipients who had combined pH and multichannel intraluminal impedance testing (pH-MII) and gastric-emptying scans (GES)...
August 2017: Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159744/effectiveness-of-fundoplication-or-gastrojejunal-feeding-in-children-with-neurologic-impairment
#11
Bryan Stone, Gabrielle Hester, Daniel Jackson, Troy Richardson, Matt Hall, Ramkiran Gouripeddi, Ryan Butcher, Ron Keren, Rajendu Srivastava
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Gastroesophageal reflux (GER), aspiration, and secondary complications lead to morbidity and mortality in children with neurologic impairment (NI), dysphagia, and gastrostomy feeding. Fundoplication and gastrojejunal (GJ) feeding can reduce risk. We compared GJ to fundoplication using first-year postprocedure reflux-related hospitalization (RRH) rates. METHODS: We identified children with NI, dysphagia requiring gastrostomy tube feeding and GER undergoing initial GJ placement or fundoplication from January 1, 2007 to December 31, 2012...
March 2017: Hospital Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901639/results-of-laparoscopic-heller-s-myotomy-for-achalasia-in-children-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#12
REVIEW
Maurizio Pacilli, Mark Davenport
INTRODUCTION: Achalasia is a rare disorder in children who are commonly treated by laparoscopic Heller's myotomy (LHM). However, there are no large studies evaluating the results of LHM in the pediatric population, and the need of a concomitant fundoplication remains unclear. The aim of the study is to appraise the results of LHM based on a systematic literature review. MATERIALS AND METHODS: MEDLINE search of the English literature was performed for "achalasia," "children," "laparoscopy," "Heller," "myotomy," and "cardiomyotomy...
January 2017: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27792528/two-stage-thoracoscopic-repair-of-long-gap-esophageal-atresia-using-internal-traction-is-safe-and-feasible
#13
Takahisa Tainaka, Hiroo Uchida, Akihide Tanano, Chiyoe Shirota, Akinari Hinoki, Naruhiko Murase, Kazuki Yokota, Kazuo Oshima, Ryo Shirotsuki, Kosuke Chiba, Hizuru Amano, Hiroshi Kawashima, Yujiro Tanaka
BACKGROUND: The treatment of long-gap esophageal atresia remains an issue for pediatric surgeons. Many techniques for treating long-gap esophageal atresia have been proposed, but the optimal method has not been established. The thoracoscopic esophageal elongation technique has recently been developed. We previously reported a case in which two-stage thoracoscopic repair was performed using internal esophageal traction without esophageal tearing, and we retrospectively reviewed the outcomes of this procedure in this study...
January 2017: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27736035/role-of-non-acid-gastro-esophageal-reflux-in-children-with-respiratory-symptoms
#14
Letizia Zenzeri, Paolo Quitadamo, Renato Tambucci, Dario Ummarino, Antonio Poziello, Erasmo Miele, Annamaria Staiano
OBJECTIVES: Respiratory symptoms are a possible atypical clinical picture of gastro-esophageal reflux disease (GERD). However, a significant number of patients with GERD-related respiratory symptoms do not report improvement despite aggressive acid-suppressive therapy. Some of these refractory cases may be due to the recently appreciated entity of non-acid or weakly acidic reflux. The aim of our study is to assess the pH-impedance features of GER inducing airway symptoms, compared with GER inducing typical gastro-intestinal (GI) symptoms...
May 2017: Pediatric Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27274496/prevalence-and-characteristics-of-gastroesophageal-reflux-in-children-with-otitis-media-in-isfahan-iran
#15
Seyed Hamidreza Abtahi, Azadeh Kazerooni, Nezamodin Brejis, Zahra Abdeyazdan, Hossein Saneian
BACKGROUND: Otitis media (OM) is the most common cause of childhood hearing loss and reason to visit the pediatrician. Furthermore, gastroesophageal reflux (GER) has been associated with a variety of upper aerodigestive tract symptoms or diseases, such as sinusitis, laryngitis, and otits. The objective of the present study was to determine the frequency of GER in children, aged 3 months to 7 years, with OM. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective case-control study was conducted on 50 children with OM and 50 healthy children...
2016: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27193974/laryngopharyngeal-reflux-in-children-with-chronic-otitis-media-with-effusion
#16
Anna Górecka-Tuteja, Izabela Jastrzębska, Jacek Składzień, Krzysztof Fyderek
BACKGROUND/AIMS: To evaluate the characteristic properties of laryngopharyngeal reflux (LPR) and gastroesophageal reflux (GER) in children with otitis media with effusion (OME) using 24-hour multichannel intraluminal impedance combined with dual-probe (pharyngeal and esophageal) pH-metry. METHODS: Children aged 7-10 years of age with OME underwent 24-hour multichannel intraluminal impedance pH-metry. The upper pH sensor was situated 1 cm above the upper esophageal sphincter, and the lower pH sensor was placed 3-5 cm above the lower esophageal sphincter...
July 30, 2016: Journal of Neurogastroenterology and Motility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27068927/gastroesophageal-reflux-disease-in-children-with-interstitial-lung-disease
#17
M A Dziekiewicz, K Karolewska-Bochenek, Ł Dembiński, A Gawronska, K Krenke, J Lange, M Banasiuk, E Kuchar, M Kulus, P Albrecht, A Banaszkiewicz
Gastroesophageal reflux disease is common in adult patients with interstitial lung disease. However, no data currently exist regarding the prevalence and characteristics of the disease in pediatric patients with interstitial lung disease. The aim of the present study was to prospectively assess the incidence of gastroesophageal reflux disease and characterize its features in children with interstitial lung disease. Gastroesophageal reflux disease was established based on 24 h pH-impedance monitoring (MII-pH)...
2016: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27048504/short-and-long-term-psychosocial-of-a-single-episode-of-alcoholic-intoxication-a-cohort-study-among-dutch-adolescents
#18
Gerly M de Boo, Maartje A Thijssen, Carole Lasham, Frans B Plötz
UNLABELLED: The short- and long-term psychological consequences of a single episode of alcohol intoxication in adolescents are unknown. Twenty-four adolescents (12 M, 12 F), mean age 18.3 ± 1.1 years, who had been admitted to the pediatric ward with alcohol intoxication (mean age at admission 15.6 ± 1.1) and thirty-two parents were interviewed on the intoxication episode and the subsequent consequences. This interview took place 2-3 years after the alcohol intoxication. At the same time, all participants completed questionnaires, assessing general and demographic information, detailed information about current alcohol use, present-day health-related quality of life, and psychological well-being...
July 2016: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26697813/-sandifer-s-syndrome-in-a-5-month-old-child-with-suspicion-of-infantile-spasms
#19
M Wirth, C Bonnemains, J Auger, E Raffo, B Leheup
Sandifer's syndrome is a dystonic movement disorder in infants with gastroesophageal reflux (GER). It is probably misdiagnosed as epileptic seizures. We report the case of a 5-month-old infant with no past medical history admitted to a pediatric unit for suspicion of infantile spasms. She presented with dystonic movements of the upper left limb with left blepharospasm and an occasional dystonic head posture. Physical examination, EEG, brain MRI, and blood analysis were normal. Since the baby experienced regurgitations, Sandifer's syndrome was suspected and confirmed by 24-h esophageal pH monitoring that documented pathological GER...
February 2016: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26691237/infant-gastroesophageal-reflux-information-on-the-world-wide-web
#20
Regina Balgowan, Leah C Greer, Jennifer P D'Auria
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to describe the type and quality of health information about infant gastroesophageal reflux (GER) that a parent may find on the World Wide Web. METHODS: The data collection tool included evaluation of Web site quality and infant GER-specific content on the 30 sites that met the inclusion criteria. RESULTS: The most commonly found content categories in order of frequency were management strategies, when to call a primary care provider, definition, and clinical features...
March 2016: Journal of Pediatric Health Care
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