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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808763/characteristics-of-gastroesophageal-reflux-in-pediatric-patients-with-neurological-impairment
#1
Hisayoshi Kawahara, Yuko Tazuke, Hideki Soh, Noriaki Usui, Hiroomi Okuyama
PURPOSE: To clarify the characteristics of gastroesophageal reflux (GER) in pediatric patients with neurological impairment (NI). METHODS: Twenty-six patients with NI, 1-17-year-old, fed via a nasogastric tube were categorized based on the absence (group I) or presence (group II) of abnormal GER, defined with multichannel intraluminal impedance-pH monitoring as %time with an esophageal pH <4.0 being ≥5.0% or number of liquid/mixed bolus reflux events(RE) >70 in 24 h...
August 14, 2017: Pediatric Surgery International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806949/case-report-of-ocular-kaposi-s-sarcoma
#2
Jing Yang, Xiao-Fang Yin, Yong-Ping Li, Shi-You Zhou
BACKGROUND: Kaposi's sarcoma (KS) is generally considered a neoplastic disorder of vascular origin and occurs in patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) or who have received immunosuppressive treatments after an organ transplant (Soulier et al., Blood 86(4):1276-80, 1995; Viejo-Borbolla and Schulz, AIDS Rev 5(4):222-9, 2003; Schulz, J Antimicrob Chemother 45(Suppl T3):15-27, 2000; Aversa et al. Crit Rev Oncol Hematol 53(3):253-65, 2005; Mbulaiteye and Engels, Int J Cancer 119(11):2685-91, 2006; Tessari et al...
August 14, 2017: BMC Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803355/evaluation-of-developmental-prognosis-for-esophageal-atresia-with-tracheoesophageal-fistula
#3
Akiyoshi Nomura, Masaya Yamoto, Koji Fukumoto, Toshiaki Takahashi, Kei Ohyama, Akinori Sekioka, Yutaka Yamada, Naoto Urushihara
PURPOSE: This study investigated risk factors for developmental disorders after the repair of esophageal atresia with tracheoesophageal fistula (EA/TEF). METHODS: The clinical charts of all infants with EA/TEF (gross type C) treated at our institution between 1993 and 2013 were analyzed. Patients with chromosomal aberrations were excluded. Forty-seven patients were divided into groups according to the presence (D) or absence (N) of developmental disorders. Patients were assessed with appropriate developmental examinations at age >3 years...
August 12, 2017: Pediatric Surgery International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797764/inflammatory-pain-assessment-in-the-arthritis-of-the-temporomandibular-joint-in-rats-a-comparison-between-two-phlogistic-agents
#4
Joana Cláudia Bezerra de Araújo, Delane Viana Gondim, André Luiz Cunha Cavalcante, Mario Roberto Pontes Lisboa, Gerly Anne de Castro Brito, Mariana Lima Vale
Temporomandibular joint (TMJ) disorders are a group of conditions that result in TMJ pain, which frequently limits basic daily activities. Experimental models that allow the study of the mechanisms underlying these inflammatory and pain conditions are of great clinical relevance. The aim of this study was to evaluate nociception, inflammation and participation of the macrophage/microglia cells in the arthritis of the TMJ induced by two phlogistic agents. 84 rats were divided into 2 groups: Zy, which received zymosan intra-articularly, or Cg, which received carrageenan intra-articularly...
August 7, 2017: Journal of Pharmacological and Toxicological Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782675/prevalence-of-dyspepsia-in-individuals-with-gastro-esophageal-reflux-type-symptoms-in-the-community-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
Leonardo H Eusebi, Raguprakash Ratnakumaran, Franco Bazzoli, Alexander C Ford
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Dyspepsia and gastro-esophageal reflux are highly prevalent in the general population, but they are believed to be separate entities. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to estimate the prevalence of dyspepsia in individuals with gastro-esophageal reflux symptoms (GERS), and to quantify overlap between the disorders. METHODS: We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, and EMBASE Classic databases to identify population-based studies reporting the prevalence of dyspepsia and GERS in adults, defined using specific symptom-based criteria or based on answers to questionnaires...
August 3, 2017: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28772939/transport-in-proton-exchange-membranes-for-fuel-cell-applications-a-systematic-non-equilibrium-approach
#6
Angie L Rangel-Cárdenas, Ger J M Koper
We hypothesize that the properties of proton-exchange membranes for fuel cell applications cannot be described unambiguously unless interface effects are taken into account. In order to prove this, we first develop a thermodynamically consistent description of the transport properties in the membranes, both for a homogeneous membrane and for a homogeneous membrane with two surface layers in contact with the electrodes or holder material. For each subsystem, homogeneous membrane, and the two surface layers, we limit ourselves to four parameters as the system as a whole is considered to be isothermal...
May 25, 2017: Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770709/timing-of-onset-affects-arthritis-presentation-pattern-in-antisyntethase-syndrome
#7
Miguel A González-Gay, Carlomaurizio Montecucco, Albert Selva-O'Callaghan, Ernesto Trallero-Araguas, Ovynd Molberg, Helena Andersson, Jorge Rojas-Serrano, Diana Isabel Perez-Roman, Jutta Bauhammer, Christoph Fiehn, Rossella Neri, Simone Barsotti, Hannes M Lorenz, Andrea Doria, Anna Ghirardello, Florenzo Iannone, Margherita Giannini, Franco Franceschini, Ilaria Cavazzana, Konstantinos Triantafyllias, Maurizio Benucci, Maria Infantino, Mariangela Manfredi, Fabrizio Conti, Andreas Schwarting, Giandomenico Sebastiani, Annamaria Iuliano, Giacomo Emmi, Elena Silvestri, Marcello Govoni, Carlo Alberto Scirè, Federica Furini, Francisco Javier Lopez-Longo, Julia Martínez-Barrio, Marco Sebastiani, Andreina Manfredi, Javier Bachiller-Corral, Walter Alberto Sifuentes Giraldo, Marco A Cimmino, Claudio Cosso, Alessandro Belotti Masserini, Giovanni Cagnotto, Veronica Codullo, Mariaeva Romano, Giuseppe Paolazzi, Raffaele Pellerito, Lesley Ann Saketkoo, Norberto Ortego-Centeno, Luca Quartuccio, Alberto Batticciotto, Elena Bartoloni Bocci, Roberto Gerli, Christof Specker, Elena Bravi, Carlo Selmi, Simone Parisi, Fausto Salaffi, Federica Meloni, Enrico Marchioni, Alberto Pesci, Giulia Dei, Marco Confalonieri, Paola Tomietto, Laura Nuno, Francesco Bonella, Nicolò Pipitone, Antonio Mera-Valera, Nair Perez-Gomez, Simone Gerzeli, Raquel Lopez-Mejias, Carlo Jorge Matos-Costa, Jose Antonio Pereira da Silva, José Cifrian, Claudia Alpini, Ignazio Olivieri, María Ángeles Blázquez Cañamero, Ana Belén Rodriguez Cambrón, Santos Castañeda, Lorenzo Cavagna
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate if the timing of appearance with respect to disease onset may influence the arthritis presentation pattern in antisynthetase syndrome (ASSD). METHODS: The patients were selected from a retrospective large international cohort of ASSD patients regularly followed-up in centres referring to AENEAS collaborative group. Patients were eligible if they had an antisynthetase antibody testing positive in at least two determinations along with arthritis occurring either at ASSD onset (Group 1) or during the course of the disease (Group 2)...
July 26, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28769874/high-glucocorticoid-response-to-24-h-shift-stressors-in-male-but-not-in-female-physicians
#8
Claudia Boettcher, Michaela F Hartmann, Klaus-Peter Zimmer, Stefan A Wudy
Physicians' daily work is accompanied by emotional and physical stress, and 24-h shifts are considered to be a major stressor. Effects of stressors on the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis can be evaluated by estimating the glucocorticoid excretion in urine samples. We characterized the impact of a 24-h working period on the urinary glucocorticoid excretion of physicians and focused on gender differences. 10 females and 12 male physicians collected 24-h urine samples during a 24-h shift ("on-duty") and on a free weekend ("off-duty") that were analyzed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry...
2017: Frontiers in Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764679/economic-evaluation-of-stepped-care-versus-usual-care-for-depression-and-anxiety-in-older-adults-with-vision-impairment-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Hilde P A van der Aa, Ger H M B van Rens, Judith E Bosmans, Hannie C Comijs, Ruth M A van Nispen
BACKGROUND: A stepped-care program was found effective in preventing depressive and anxiety disorders in older adults with vision impairment. However, before a decision can be made about implementation, the cost-effectiveness of this program should be investigated. Therefore, we aimed to compare the cost-effectiveness of stepped-care versus usual care within low vision rehabilitation. METHODS: An economic evaluation from a societal perspective was performed alongside a multicenter randomized controlled trial...
August 1, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763023/gastro-esophageal-reflux-in-children
#10
REVIEW
Anna Rybak, Marcella Pesce, Nikhil Thapar, Osvaldo Borrelli
Gastro-esophageal reflux (GER) is common in infants and children and has a varied clinical presentation: from infants with innocent regurgitation to infants and children with severe esophageal and extra-esophageal complications that define pathological gastro-esophageal reflux disease (GERD). Although the pathophysiology is similar to that of adults, symptoms of GERD in infants and children are often distinct from classic ones such as heartburn. The passage of gastric contents into the esophagus is a normal phenomenon occurring many times a day both in adults and children, but, in infants, several factors contribute to exacerbate this phenomenon, including a liquid milk-based diet, recumbent position and both structural and functional immaturity of the gastro-esophageal junction...
August 1, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756079/-exercise-testing-new-guidelines
#11
Dany Michel Marcadet
The GERS (Exercise Rehabilitation and Sports Group of the French Society of Cardiology) has decided to update current guidelines regarding the practice of EKG stress tests. Since the last update dates from 1997, the GERS judged it necessary to integrate data from new works and advancements made in the last 20 years. Good clinical practices and safety conditions are better defined regarding the structure, location, material, staff competency, as well as convention with hospital structures. The diagnosis of coronary artery disease remains the principal indication for a stress test...
July 26, 2017: La Presse Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754622/identification-and-characterization-of-two-germin-like-proteins-with-oxalate-oxidase-activity-from-calotropis-procera-latex
#12
Cleverson D T Freitas, Deborah C Freitas, Wallace T Cruz, Camila T M N Porfírio, Maria Z R Silva, Jefferson S Oliveira, Cristina Paiva S Carvalho, Márcio V Ramos
Germin-like proteins (GLPs) have been identified in several plant tissues. However, only one work describes GLP in latex fluids. Therefore, the goal of this study was to investigate GLPs in latex and get new insights concerning the structural and functional aspects of these proteins. Two complete sequences with high identity (>50%) with other GLPs, termed CpGLP1 and CpGLP2, were obtained and consecutively presented 216 and 206 amino acid residues, corresponding to molecular masses of 22.7 and 21.7kDa, pI 6...
July 25, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28751614/variations-in-definitions-and-outcome-measures-in-gastroesophageal-reflux-disease-a-systematic-review
#13
REVIEW
Maartje M J Singendonk, Anna J Brink, Nina F Steutel, Faridi S van Etten-Jamaludin, Michiel P van Wijk, Marc A Benninga, Merit M Tabbers
CONTEXT: Gastroesophageal reflux (GER) is defined as GER disease (GERD) when it leads to troublesome symptoms and/or complications. We hypothesized that definitions and outcome measures in randomized controlled trials (RCTs) on pediatric GERD would be heterogeneous. OBJECTIVES: Systematically assess definitions and outcome measures in RCTs in this population. DATA SOURCES: Data were obtained through Cochrane, Embase, Medline, and Pubmed databases...
July 27, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743979/expression-of-rmrp-rna-is-regulated-in-chondrocyte-hypertrophy-and-determines-chondrogenic-differentiation
#14
Mandy M F Steinbusch, Marjolein M J Caron, Don A M Surtel, Franziska Friedrich, Ekkehart Lausch, Ger J M Pruijn, Wouter Verhesen, Blanche L M Schroen, Lodewijk W van Rhijn, Bernhard Zabel, Tim J M Welting
Mutations in the RMRP-gene, encoding the lncRNA component of the RNase MRP complex, are the origin of cartilage-hair hypoplasia. Cartilage-hair hypoplasia is associated with severe dwarfism caused by impaired skeletal development. However, it is not clear why mutations in RMRP RNA lead to skeletal dysplasia. Since chondrogenic differentiation of the growth plate is required for development of long bones, we hypothesized that RMRP RNA plays a pivotal role in chondrogenic differentiation. Expression of Rmrp RNA and RNase MRP protein subunits was detected in the murine growth plate and during the course of chondrogenic differentiation of ATDC5 cultures, where Rmrp RNA expression was found to be correlated with chondrocyte hypertrophy...
July 25, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743663/the-variant-of-pri-mir-26a-1-polymorphism-is-associated-with-decreased-risk-of-betel-quid-related-oral-premalignant-lesions-and-oral-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#15
Cheng-Mei Yang, Chien-Chou Chen, Yu-Kai Tseng, Sin-Jhih Huang, Huei-Han Liou, Yi-Cheng Lee, Jang-Hwa Lee, Jyh-Seng Wang, Hung-Chih Chen, Chao-Chuan Chi, Bor-Hwang Kang, Yun-Chung Lin, Kuo-Wang Tsai, Luo-Ping Ger
OBJECTIVES: This case-control study evaluated the association of the single nucleotide polymorphism rs7372209 (T>C) in pri-mir-26a-1 with the risk and progression of betel quid (BQ)-related oral premalignant lesions (OPLs) and oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). STUDY DESIGN: In total, 597 BQ chewers were recruited: 196 healthy controls, 241 patients with OPLs, and 160 patients with OSCC. Genotypes were determined using the TaqMan real-time assay. RESULTS: The C/T + T/T genotypes and T allele in pri-mir-26a-1 were correlated with a decreased risk of BQ-related OPLs (P = ...
June 8, 2017: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707075/line-1-hypermethylation-in-serum-cell-free-dna-of-relapsing-remitting-multiple-sclerosis-patients
#16
Marina Dunaeva, Merel Derksen, Ger J M Pruijn
Concentrations of cell-free DNA (cfDNA) circulating in blood and its epigenetic variation, such as DNA methylation, may provide useful diagnostic or prognostic information. Long interspersed nuclear element-1 (LINE-1) constitutes approximately 20% of the human genome and its 5'UTR region is CpG rich. Due to its wide distribution, the methylation level of the 5'UTR of LINE-1 can serve as a surrogate marker of global genomic DNA methylation. The aim of the current study was to investigate whether the methylation status of LINE-1 elements in serum cell-free DNA differs between relapsing remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS) patients and healthy control subjects (CTR)...
July 13, 2017: Molecular Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705432/identification-of-galiellalactone-based-novel-stat3-selective-inhibitors-with-cytotoxic-activities-against-triple-negative-breast-cancer-cell-lines
#17
Hyun Su Kim, Taewoo Kim, Hyejin Ko, Jeeyeon Lee, Yeong Shik Kim, Young-Ger Suh
Signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) is phosphorylated in breast cancer cells, particularly triple-negative breast cancers (TNBCs). Therefore, the inhibition of constitutive phosphorylated STAT3 is a promising therapeutic for TNBC treatment. Recently, a series of novel STAT3 inhibitors based on natural (-)-galiellalactone have been identified to inhibit STAT3 phosphorylation at the Tyr705 residue. Interestingly, the truncation of the cyclohexene moiety of (-)-galiellalactone to [3.3] bicyclic lactone as a pharmacophoric core produced improved cytotoxic effects against TNBCs...
June 23, 2017: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701962/the-effect-of-calendula-officinalis-on-oxidative-stress-and-bone-loss-in-experimental-periodontitis
#18
Mariana Dos Reis Lima, Amanda P Lopes, Conceição Martins, Gerly A C Brito, Virgínia C Carneiro, Paula Goes
Periodontitis is associated with reduced antioxidant capacity and increased oxidative damage. Oxidative stress induces inflammation and bone loss contributing to the pathological progression of periodontal disease. Calendula officinalis (CLO) has demonstrated anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidant activities. Therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of CLO on oxidative stress and bone loss in rats subjected to experimental periodontitis (EP). For this, 72 male Wistar rats were divided into groups: Naïve, Saline (SAL) and CLO...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700659/expression-levels-of-cleaved-caspase-3-and-caspase-3-in-tumorigenesis-and-prognosis-of-oral-tongue-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#19
Pei-Feng Liu, Yu-Chang Hu, Bor-Hwang Kang, Yu-Kai Tseng, Pi-Chuang Wu, Chi-Chuang Liang, Yu-Yi Hou, Ting-Ying Fu, Huei-Han Liou, I-Chien Hsieh, Luo-Ping Ger, Chih-Wen Shu
Apoptosis plays a dual role in cancer development and malignancy. The role of apoptosis-related caspases in cancer remains controversial, particularly in oral tongue squamous cell carcinoma (OTSCC). In this study, we examined the protein levels of cleaved caspase-3, caspase-3, caspase-8, and caspase-9 on tissue microarrays consisting of samples from 246 OTSCC patients by immunohistochemistry. Wilcoxon signed-rank test indicated that the protein levels of cleaved caspase-3, caspase-3, caspase-8, and caspase-9 in tumor tissues were significantly higher compared to those in adjacent normal tissues (all p<0...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691225/the-function-of-the-immune-system-according-to-the-other-side-of-bob-dylan
#20
Ger T Rijkers
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: European Journal of Immunology
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