keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

GER

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544250/prevalence-of-and-risk-factors-for-intraoperative-gastroesophageal-reflux-and-postanesthetic-vomiting-and-diarrhea-in-dogs-undergoing-general-anesthesia
#1
Carlos Torrente, Isabel Vigueras, Edgar G Manzanilla, Cecilia Villaverde, Laura Fresno, Bibiana Carvajal, Marina Fiñana, Cristina Costa-Farré
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of intraoperative gastroesophageal reflux (GER) and postanesthetic vomiting and diarrhea, and to evaluate risk factors associated with these gastrointestinal disorders (GID) in dogs undergoing general anesthesia. DESIGN: Prospective observational study. SETTING: University teaching hospital. ANIMALS: Two hundred thirty-seven client-owned dogs undergoing general inhalant anesthesia for diagnostic or surgical purposes...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539168/effectiveness-of-nutritional-supplementation-on-sarcopenia-and-recovery-in-hip-fracture-patients-a-multi-centre-randomized-trial
#2
Vincenzo Malafarina, Francisco Uriz-Otano, Concetta Malafarina, J Alfredo Martinez, M Angeles Zulet
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Functional deterioration and reduced mobility in elderly patients with a hip fracture are associated with a loss of both muscle mass and function (sarcopenia). The aim of this study was to assess whether oral nutritional supplementation (ONS) improves muscle mass and nutritional markers (BMI, proteins) in elderly patients with hip fracture. METHODS: Patients aged 65 years and over with hip fractures admitted to either of two rehabilitation facilities were included...
July 2017: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516890/tocilizumab-in-the-treatment-of-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-in-real-clinical-practice-results-of-an-italian-observational-study
#3
Roberto Caporali, Luca Idolazzi, Stefano Bombardieri, Gianfranco Ferraccioli, Roberto Gerli, Marco Govoni, Marco Matucci Cerinic, Giovanni Pomponio, Fausto Salaffi, Rossella Tirri, Francesca Benaglio, Laura Bianchino, Piercarlo Sarzi-Puttini
OBJECTIVES: To describe the effectiveness and safety of tocilizumab (TCZ), an interleukin-6 receptor inhibitor, in a cohort of patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) recruited in clinical practice. METHODS: TRUST was an observational study in RA patients who started treatment with TCZ in the 6 months prior to site activation and were still on treatment at start of study; patients were followed up to 12 months after the first TCZ infusion. RESULTS: 322 RA patients were enrolled in 59 Italian centres (mean age: 55...
May 8, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516509/the-incidence-and-predictors-of-depressive-and-anxiety-symptoms-in-older-adults-with-vision-impairment-a-longitudinal-prospective-cohort-study
#4
Thomas J Heesterbeek, Hilde P A van der Aa, Ger H M B van Rens, Johannes W R Twisk, Ruth M A van Nispen
PURPOSE: Depression and anxiety are highly prevalent in older adults with vision impairment. Because symptoms of depression and anxiety appear to fluctuate, it is important to identify patients who are at risk of developing these symptoms for early diagnosis and treatment. Therefore, the aim of this study was to determine the incidence of subthreshold depression and anxiety, and to investigate predictors of developing symptoms of depression and anxiety in older adults with vision impairment who had no subthreshold depression or anxiety at baseline...
May 18, 2017: Ophthalmic & Physiological Optics: the Journal of the British College of Ophthalmic Opticians (Optometrists)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514401/-differentiation-therapy-for-non-acidic-gastroesophageal-reflux-disease
#5
N B Lishchuk, V I Simanenkov, S V Tikhonov
AIM: To investigate the clinical and pathogenetic features of the non-acidic types of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) and to evaluate the impact of combined therapy versus monotherapy on the course of this disease. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The investigation enrolled 62 patients with non-acidic GERD. The follow-up period was 6 weeks. The patients were divided into 2 groups: 1) weakly acidic gastroesophageal refluxes (GER); 2) weakly alkaline GER. Then each group was distributed, thus making up 4 groups: 1) 19 patients with weakly acidic GER who received monotherapy with rabeprazole 20 mg/day; 2) 21 patients with weakly acidic GER had combined therapy with rabeprazole 20 mg and itopride; 3) 8 patients with weakly alkaline GER who received ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA) monotherapy; and 4) 14 patients with weakly alkaline GER who had combined therapy with UDCA and itopride, The clinical symptoms of the disease, the endoscopic pattern of the upper gastrointestinal tract (GIT) mucosa, histological changes in the esophageal and gastric mucosa, and the results of 24-hour impedance pH monitoring were assessed over time...
2017: Terapevticheskiĭ Arkhiv
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507188/cryoglobulinemia-in-sj%C3%A3-gren-syndrome-a-disease-subset-that-links-higher-systemic-disease-activity-autoimmunity-and-local-b-cell-proliferation-in-mucosa-associated-lymphoid-tissue
#6
Luca Quartuccio, Chiara Baldini, Roberta Priori, Elena Bartoloni, Francesco Carubbi, Alessia Alunno, Saviana Gandolfo, Serena Colafrancesco, Roberto Giacomelli, Roberto Gerli, Guido Valesini, Stefano Bombardieri, Salvatore De Vita
OBJECTIVE: To compare systemic disease activity by validated tools, i.e., the European League Against Rheumatism Sjögren Syndrome Disease Activity Index (ESSDAI) and the Clinical ESSDAI (ClinESSDAI) scores, between primary Sjögren syndrome (pSS) with positive serum cryoglobulins and pSS without serum cryoglobulins. METHODS: There were 825 consecutive patients with pSS who were retrospectively evaluated. RESULTS: The ESSDAI and the ClinESSDAI scores were significantly higher in cryoglobulin-positive patients (p < 0...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505754/generalized-balance-equations-for-charged-particle-transport-via-localized-and-delocalized-states-mobility-generalized-einstein-relations-and-fractional-transport
#7
Peter W Stokes, Bronson Philippa, Daniel Cocks, Ronald D White
A generalized phase-space kinetic Boltzmann equation for highly nonequilibrium charged particle transport via localized and delocalized states is used to develop continuity, momentum, and energy balance equations, accounting explicitly for scattering, trapping and detrapping, and recombination loss processes. Analytic expressions detail the effect of these microscopic processes on mobility and diffusivity. Generalized Einstein relations (GER) are developed that enable the anisotropic nature of diffusion to be determined in terms of the measured field dependence of the mobility...
April 2017: Physical Review. E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502434/gastroesophageal-reflux-disease
#8
REVIEW
Hayat Mousa, Maheen Hassan
Gastroesophageal reflux (GER) is a normal physiologic process. It is important to distinguish GER from GER disease (GERD) since GER does not require treatment. Although a diagnosis of GERD can largely be based on history and physical alone, endoscopy and pH impedance studies can help make the diagnosis when there in atypical presentation. In children and adolescents, lifestyle changes and acid suppression are first-line treatments for GERD. In infants, acid suppression is not effective, but a trial of hydrolyzed formula can be considered, as milk protein sensitivity can be difficult to differentiate from GER symptoms...
June 2017: Pediatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497764/-new-year-marks-a-turning-point-editorial
#9
Berglind Gerða Libungan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Læknablađiđ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484385/an-evaluation-of-the-accuracy-of-classical-models-for-computing-the-membrane-potential-and-extracellular-potential-for-neurons
#10
Aslak Tveito, Karoline H Jæger, Glenn T Lines, Łukasz Paszkowski, Joakim Sundnes, Andrew G Edwards, Tuomo Māki-Marttunen, Geir Halnes, Gaute T Einevoll
Two mathematical models are part of the foundation of Computational neurophysiology; (a) the Cable equation is used to compute the membrane potential of neurons, and, (b) volume-conductor theory describes the extracellular potential around neurons. In the standard procedure for computing extracellular potentials, the transmembrane currents are computed by means of (a) and the extracellular potentials are computed using an explicit sum over analytical point-current source solutions as prescribed by volume conductor theory...
2017: Frontiers in Computational Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475749/ineffective-esophageal-motility-clinical-manometric-and-outcome-characteristics-in-patients-with-and-without-abnormal-esophageal-acid-exposure
#11
K P Shetler, S Bikhtii, G Triadafilopoulos
The etiology and clinical impact of ineffective esophageal motility (IEM) remain poorly understood. Unless gastroesophageal acid reflux (GERD) is identified, symptomatic patients with IEM are challenging to treat. We sought to determine whether any clinical or functional characteristics could distinguish those patients with IEM and either normal or abnormal esophageal acid exposure.In this retrospective cohort study, we identified 46 consecutive patients presenting with heartburn, and other GER symptoms who underwent clinical, endoscopic, and functional evaluation that included high-resolution manometry (HRM) and ambulatory pH monitoring...
June 1, 2017: Diseases of the Esophagus: Official Journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472834/gastroesophageal-reflux-after-peroral-endoscopic-myotomy-a-multicenter-case-control-study
#12
Vivek Kumbhari, Pietro Familiari, Niels Christian Bjerregaard, Mathieu Pioche, Edward Jones, Weon Jin Ko, Bu Hayee, Anna Cali, Saowanee Ngamruengphong, Francois Mion, Ruben Hernaez, Sabine Roman, Alan H Tieu, Mohamad El Zein, Tokunbo Ajayi, Amyn Haji, Joo Young Cho, Jeffrey Hazey, Kyle A Perry, Thierry Ponchon, Rastislav Kunda, Guido Costamagna, Mouen A Khashab
Background and study aims The variables associated with gastroesophageal reflux (GER) after peroral endoscopic myotomy (POEM) are largely unknown. This study aimed to: 1) identify the prevalence of reflux esophagitis and asymptomatic GER in patients who underwent POEM, and 2) evaluate patient and intraprocedural variables associated with post-POEM GER. Patients and methods All patients who underwent POEM and subsequent objective testing for GER (pH study with or without upper gastrointestinal [GI] endoscopy) at seven tertiary academic centers (one Asian, two US, four European) were included...
May 4, 2017: Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472132/decreased-prothrombin-conversion-and-reduced-thrombin-inactivation-explain-rebalanced-thrombin-generation-in-liver-cirrhosis
#13
Romy M W Kremers, Marie-Claire Kleinegris, Marisa Ninivaggi, Bas de Laat, Hugo Ten Cate, Ger H Koek, Rob J Wagenvoord, H Coenraad Hemker
Impaired coagulation factor synthesis in cirrhosis causes a reduction of most pro- and anticoagulant factors. Cirrhosis patients show no clear bleeding or thrombotic phenotype, although they are at risk for both types of hemostatic event. Thrombin generation (TG) is a global coagulation test and its outcome depends on underlying pro- and anticoagulant processes (prothrombin conversion and thrombin inactivation). We quantified the prothrombin conversion and thrombin inactivation during TG in 30 healthy subjects and 52 Child-Pugh (CP-) A, 15 CP-B and 6 CP-C cirrhosis patients to test the hypothesis that coagulation is rebalanced in liver cirrhosis patients...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28450005/time-resolved-comparative-metabolomes-for-koji-fermentation-with-brown-white-and-giant-embryo-rice
#14
Da Eun Lee, Sunmin Lee, Digar Singh, Eun Seok Jang, Hye Won Shin, Byoung Seok Moon, Choong Hwan Lee
A time-resolved non-targeted metabolomic study towards evaluating the effects of three rice substrate types viz., white rice (WR), giant embryo rice (GER), and brown rice (BR), on Koji fermentation was performed. Notwithstanding the relatively higher proportions of metabolites in unfermented BR (BR 0>WR 0, GER 0), the relative levels of metabolic repertoire in BR Koji were marginally enhanced during 36h fermentation except those for phenolic acids, fatty acids, and vitamins. The WR Koji showed higher levels of lysophospholipids (LysoPC's) and protease-released amino acids (WR 36>GER 36>BR 36)...
September 15, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448457/effects-of-vitamin-d-supplementation-on-bone-turnover-markers-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
Verena Schwetz, Christian Trummer, Marlene Pandis, Martin R Grübler, Nicolas Verheyen, Martin Gaksch, Armin Zittermann, Winfried März, Felix Aberer, Angelika Lang, Gerlies Treiber, Claudia Friedl, Barbara Obermayer-Pietsch, Thomas R Pieber, Andreas Tomaschitz, Stefan Pilz
Bone turnover markers (BTMs) are used to evaluate bone health together with bone mineral density and fracture assessment. Vitamin D supplementation is widely used to prevent and treat musculoskeletal diseases but existing data on vitamin D effects on markers of bone resorption and formation are inconsistent. We therefore examined the effects of vitamin D supplementation on bone-specific alkaline phosphatase (bALP), osteocalcin (OC), C-terminal telopeptide (CTX), and procollagen type 1 N-terminal propeptide (P1NP)...
April 27, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427277/biological-activity-and-lc-ms-ms-profiling-of-extracts-from-the-australian-medicinal-plant-acacia-ligulata-fabaceae
#16
Diana Jæger, Bradley S Simpson, Chi P Ndi, Anna K Jäger, Christoph Crocoll, Birger Lindberg Møller, Philip Weinstein, Susan J Semple
Acacia ligulata A.Cunn. ex Benth. (Fabaceae: Mimosoideae) is a native Australian plant used traditionally by Australian Aboriginal groups. This study was undertaken to investigate the bioactivity of A. ligulata extracts and to evaluate their chemical composition. Potential antibacterial, cytotoxic and enzyme inhibitory effects relevant to traditional medicinal and food uses of the species were examined and LC-MS/MS was performed to investigate the chemical composition. Antibacterial activity was observed for bark and leaf extracts with an MIC for the bark extract of 62...
April 21, 2017: Natural Product Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425145/prevalence-of-gastroesophageal-reflux-in-cats-during-anesthesia-and-effect-of-omeprazole-on-gastric-ph
#17
R S Garcia, P C Belafsky, A Della Maggiore, J M Osborn, B H Pypendop, T Pierce, V J Walker, A Fulton, S L Marks
BACKGROUND: Gastroesophageal reflux (GER) is poorly characterized in anesthetized cats, but can cause aspiration pneumonia, esophagitis, and esophageal stricture formation. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether pre-anesthetic orally administered omeprazole increases gastric and esophageal pH and increases serum gastrin concentrations in anesthetized cats, and to determine the prevalence of GER using combined multichannel impedance and pH monitoring. ANIMALS: Twenty-seven healthy cats undergoing elective dental procedures...
May 2017: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417856/scintigraphic-evaluation-of-gastroesophageal-reflux-and-pulmonary-aspiration-in-children
#18
REVIEW
Zvi Bar-Sever
Gastroesophageal reflux (GER) and pulmonary aspiration are encountered in children of all ages. Signs, symptoms, and complications vary from mild and transient to severe life-threatening conditions. This review will present relevant clinical information on these conditions as well as common diagnostic procedures. The role of scintigraphic techniques used in the evaluation of these conditions will be discussed in detail including protocols and performance in comparison to other diagnostic methods.
May 2017: Seminars in Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395298/cytokines-and-chemokines-involved-in-acute-retinal-necrosis
#19
Lenneke de Visser, Joke H de Boer, Ger T Rijkers, Karin Wiertz, Henk-Jan van den Ham, Rob de Boer, Anton M van Loon, Aniki Rothova, Jolanda D F de Groot-Mijnes
Purpose: To investigate which cytokines and chemokines are involved in the immunopathogenesis of acute retinal necrosis (ARN), and whether cytokine profiles are associated with clinical manifestations, such as visual outcome. Methods: Serum and aqueous humor (AH) samples of 19 patients with ARN were analyzed by multiplex immunoassay. Infectious controls consisted of 18 patients with rubella virus-associated Fuchs' uveitis and 20 patients with ocular toxoplasmosis all confirmed by intraocular fluid analyses...
April 1, 2017: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388962/the-involvement-of-mast-cells-in-the-irinotecan-induced-enteric-neurons-loss-and-reactive-gliosis
#20
Ludmila T Nogueira, Deiziane V S Costa, Antoniella S Gomes, Conceição S Martins, Angeline M H P Silva, Juliana M Coelho-Aguiar, Patrícia Castelucci, Roberto C P Lima-Júnior, Renata F C Leitão, Vivaldo Moura-Neto, Gerly A C Brito
BACKGROUND: The irinotecan (CPT-11) causes intestinal mucositis and diarrhea that may be related to changes in the enteric nervous system (ENS). In inflammatory condition, mast cells release a variety of pro-inflammatory mediators that can interact with the ENS cells. It has not been explored whether CPT-11 is able to alter the enteric glial and neuronal cell, and the role of mast cells in this effect. Therefore, this study was conducted to investigate the effect of CPT-11 on the enteric glial and neuronal cells, as well as to study the role of mast cells in the CPT-11-induced intestinal mucositis...
April 7, 2017: Journal of Neuroinflammation
keyword
keyword
44088
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"