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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353293/alcohol-tobacco-and-cannabis-consumption-in-adolescents-from-a-multicultural-population-burela-lugo
#1
Ainara Díaz Geada, Alicia Busto Miramontes, Francisco Caamaño Isorna
Social inequalities have been associated with morbidity and mortality. Gender, ethnic group and inequalities were studied in an adolescent population to analyze alcohol, tobacco and cannabis consumption. We carried out a cross-sectional study of pupils from high schools in Burela (northern Spain) (n=238). We used the "Factors de Risc en Estudiants de Secundária" questionnaire designed by Agència de Salut Pública de Barcelona. INDEPENDENT VARIABLES: nationality and weekly pocket money...
January 15, 2018: Adicciones
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352940/pegylated-chitosan-nanoparticles-with-embedded-bismuth-sulfide-for-dual-wavelength-fluorescent-imaging-and-photothermal-therapy
#2
Ke Wang, Jialang Zhuang, Yubing Liu, Maosheng Xu, Jingyuan Zhuang, Zuanguang Chen, Yen Wei, Yuanqing Zhang
It is of great significance to construct multifunctional nanosystems for simultaneous imaging and therapy of cancer cells. Herein, PEGylated chitosan nanoparticles with embedded bismuth sulfide were facilely fabricated via reverse-microemulsion method for fluorescent imaging and photothermal therapy of HepG2 cells. The obtained BSA-Bi2S3-CG-PEG nanospheres revealed dual-wavelength fluorescence, which were spectrally isolated from the bioautofluorescence. Moreover, they demonstrated remarkable photothermal conversion efficiency and stability...
March 15, 2018: Carbohydrate Polymers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352644/metastatic-brain-disease-from-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-getting-back-to-the-drawing-board
#3
EDITORIAL
A Greystoke, P Mulvenna
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 15, 2018: Clinical Oncology: a Journal of the Royal College of Radiologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352322/qportal-a-platform-for-data-driven-biomedical-research
#4
Christopher Mohr, Andreas Friedrich, David Wojnar, Erhan Kenar, Aydin Can Polatkan, Marius Cosmin Codrea, Stefan Czemmel, Oliver Kohlbacher, Sven Nahnsen
Modern biomedical research aims at drawing biological conclusions from large, highly complex biological datasets. It has become common practice to make extensive use of high-throughput technologies that produce big amounts of heterogeneous data. In addition to the ever-improving accuracy, methods are getting faster and cheaper, resulting in a steadily increasing need for scalable data management and easily accessible means of analysis. We present qPortal, a platform providing users with an intuitive way to manage and analyze quantitative biological data...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351949/pt-and-ot-helper-golf-elbow-a-mobile-app-user-guide-for-getting-a-grip-on-medial-epicondylalgia
#5
Caitlin George, Crystal O Kean, Robert Stanton, Luke J Heales
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 19, 2018: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351908/enhancing-conceptual-knowledge-of-energy-in-biology-with-incorrect-representations
#6
Ulrike Wernecke, Kerstin Schütte, Julia Schwanewedel, Ute Harms
Energy is an important concept in all natural sciences, and a challenging one for school science education. Students' conceptual knowledge of energy is often low, and they entertain misconceptions. Educational research in science and mathematics suggests that learning through depictive representations and learning from errors, based on the theory of negative knowledge, can potentially foster students' knowledge of abstract concepts such as energy. Thus, we propose here an instructional approach that combines these two strategies to foster conceptual knowledge of energy...
2018: CBE Life Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351900/employees-perspectives-on-the-facilitators-and-barriers-to-engaging-with-digital-mental-health-interventions-in-the-workplace-qualitative-study
#7
Stephany Carolan, Richard O de Visser
BACKGROUND: Prevalence rates of work-related stress, depression, and anxiety are high, resulting in reduced productivity and increased absenteeism. There is evidence that these conditions can be successfully treated in the workplace, but take-up of psychological treatments among workers is low. Digital mental health interventions delivered in the workplace may be one way to address this imbalance, but although there is evidence that digital mental health is effective at treating stress, depression, and anxiety in the workplace, uptake of and engagement with these interventions remains a concern...
January 19, 2018: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351810/identify-down-syndrome-transcriptome-associations-using-integrative-analysis-of-microarray-database-and-correlation-interaction-network
#8
Min Chen, Jiayan Wang, Yingjun Luo, Kailing Huang, Xiaoshun Shi, Yanhui Liu, Jin Li, Zhengfei Lai, Shuya Xue, Haimei Gao, Allen Chen, Dunjin Chen
BACKGROUND: Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) have previously been emerged as key players in a series of biological processes. Dysregulation of lncRNA is correlated to human diseases including neurological disorders. Here, we developed a multi-step bioinformatics analysis to study the functions of a particular Down syndrome-associated gene DSCR9 including the lncRNAs. The method is named correlation-interaction-network (COIN), based on which a pipeline is implemented. Co-expression gene network analysis and biological network analysis results are presented...
January 19, 2018: Human Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351729/the-brief-assessment-of-family-functioning-scale-baffs-a-three-item-version-of-the-general-functioning-scale-of-the-family-assessment-device
#9
Abigail K Mansfield, Gabor I Keitner, Thomas Sheeran
The purpose of the present study is to compare results from the 12-item General Functioning Scale (GF-FAD) of the Family Assessment Device (FAD) to a three-item version, the Brief Assessment of Family Functioning Scale (BAFFS), designed to be used when brevity is especially important. We used principal components analysis of the GF-FAD, followed by multiple sample confirmatory factor analyses to test the robustness of the BAFFS in different samples. The BAFFS correlated highly with the GF-FAD, and demonstrated good concurrent validity with another measure of global marital functioning, the Dyadic Adjustment Scale-4 in a help-seeking sample...
January 19, 2018: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351609/inequity-in-contraceptive-care-between-refugees-and-other-migrant-women-a-retrospective-study-in-dutch-general-practice
#10
Liselotte A D Raben, Maria E T C van den Muijsenbergh
Background: Female refugees are at high risk of reproductive health problems including unmet contraceptive needs. In the Netherlands, the general practitioner (GP) is the main entrance to the healthcare system and plays a vital role in the prescription of contraceptives. Little is known about contraceptive care in female refugees in primary care. Objective: To get insight into GP care related to contraception in refugees and other migrants compared with native Dutch women...
January 17, 2018: Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351562/clinical-and-ultrasonographic-features-associated-to-response-to-intraarticular-corticosteroid-injection-a-one-year-follow-up-prospective-cohort-study-in-knee-osteoarthritis-patient-with-joint-effusion
#11
Joan Calvet, Cristóbal Orellana, Carlos Galisteo, María García-Manrique, Noemí Navarro, Assumpta Caixàs, Marta Larrosa, Jordi Gratacós
OBJECTIVES: Intraarticular injection is used for pain relief in knee osteoarthritis (OA), but there is not a well defined profile of patient who could get more benefit from it. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the frequency of pain relief at one year after corticosteroids intraarticular injection and to identify clinical factors associated to response in patients with knee osteoarthritis with joint effusion. METHODS: One-year prospective cohort study of patients with knee OA with joint effusion confirmed by ultrasound...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351504/a-systematic-literature-review-of-physiotherapy-and-rehabilitation-approaches-to-lower-limb-amputation
#12
Özlem Ülger, Tezel Yıldırım Şahan, Seher Erol Çelik
BACKGROUND: Successful use of prostheses after lower-limb amputation (LLA) depends on undergoing physiotherapy and rehabilitation both physically and psychologically. The aim of this systematic literature review is to systematically review the scientific evidence regarding prosthetic rehabilitation and physiotherapy after LLA. METHODS: A systematic literature search was conducted using PubMed, Web of Science, Cochrane, CINAHL, EMBASE, SCOPUS, and EMB Reviews databases on December 31, 2015...
January 19, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351218/transparent-fingerprint-sensor-system-for-large-flat-panel-display
#13
Wonkuk Seo, Jae-Eun Pi, Sung Haeung Cho, Seung-Youl Kang, Seong-Deok Ahn, Chi-Sun Hwang, Ho-Sik Jeon, Jong-Uk Kim, Myunghee Lee
In this paper, we introduce a transparent fingerprint sensing system using a thin film transistor (TFT) sensor panel, based on a self-capacitive sensing scheme. An armorphousindium gallium zinc oxide (a-IGZO) TFT sensor array and associated custom Read-Out IC (ROIC) are implemented for the system. The sensor panel has a 200 × 200 pixel array and each pixel size is as small as 50 μm × 50 μm. The ROIC uses only eight analog front-end (AFE) amplifier stages along with a successive approximation analog-to-digital converter (SAR ADC)...
January 19, 2018: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350975/master-the-fundamentals-before-getting-creative-and-fancy
#14
Patrick K Lynch
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Biomedical Instrumentation & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350967/chiral-topological-superconductors-enhanced-by-long-range-interactions
#15
Oscar Viyuela, Liang Fu, Miguel Angel Martin-Delgado
We study the phase diagram and edge states of a two-dimensional p-wave superconductor with long-range hopping and pairing amplitudes. New topological phases and quasiparticles different from the usual short-range model are obtained. When both hopping and pairing terms decay with the same exponent, one of the topological chiral phases with propagating Majorana edge states gets significantly enhanced by long-range couplings. On the other hand, when the long-range pairing amplitude decays more slowly than the hopping, we discover new topological phases where propagating Majorana fermions at each edge pair nonlocally and become gapped even in the thermodynamic limit...
January 5, 2018: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350704/caregiver-caf%C3%A3-providing-education-and-support-to-family-caregivers-of-patients-with-cancer%C3%A2
#16
Joanne P Finley
BACKGROUND: The many burdens faced by caregivers of patients with cancer are well documented. Caregivers are asked to perform procedures, make assessments, coordinate care, and communicate with healthcare providers at an increasingly complex level. A caregiver quality improvement project, in the form of a Caregiver Café, was instituted at a National Cancer Institute-designated comprehensive cancer center.
. OBJECTIVES: The objectives of the café are to (a) provide respite and a place for caregivers to relax and be nurtured, (b) provide a place for caregivers to meet and support each other, (c) provide answers to caregiver questions, and (d) recommend appropriate caregiver resources...
February 1, 2018: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350476/investigating-the-mechanisms-underlying-phytoprotection-by-plant-growth-promoting-rhizobacteria-in-spartina-densiflora-under-metal-stress
#17
K Paredes-Páliz, R Rodríguez-Vázquez, B Duarte, M A Caviedes, E Mateos-Naranjo, S Redondo-Gómez, Isabel Caçador, Ignacio D Rodríguez-Llorente, E Pajuelo
Pollution of coasts by toxic metals and metalloids is a worldwide problem for which phytoremediation using halophytes and associated microbiomes is getting relevance. Metal(loid)s excess is a constraint for plant establishment and development, and plant growth promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR) mitigate plant stress under these conditions. However, mechanisms underlying this effect remain elusive. In this paper, the effect of toxic metal(loid)s on the activity of ROS-scavenging enzymes in roots of the halophyte Spartina densiflora grown on real polluted sediments in a green house experiment, was investigated...
January 19, 2018: Plant Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350099/does-shortening-the-pitch-make-junior-cricketers-bowl-better
#18
Michael J Harwood, Maurice R Yeadon, Mark A King
In order to get bounce and movement seam bowlers need to bowl the ball "into" the pitch. Standard deliveries by elite players are typically projected at around 7° below horizontal. In contrast, young players currently often need to release the ball almost horizontally in an effort to get the ball to bounce close enough to the batter. We anticipated that shortening the pitch could be a simple way to help young bowlers to release the ball at a better angle and with more consistency. Twenty county or best in club age group under 10 and under 11 seam bowlers were analysed bowling indoors on two different pitch lengths...
January 19, 2018: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350098/commentary-to-18f-gp1-a-novel-pet-tracer-designed-for-high-sensitivity-low-background-detection-of-thrombi-imaging-activated-platelets-in-clots-are-we-getting-there
#19
Andrew W Stephens, Norman Koglin, Ludger M Dinkelborg
Thrombus formation can lead to heart attacks, stroke and pulmonary embolism, which are major causes of mortality. Current standard diagnostic imaging methods detect anatomic abnormalities such as vascular flow impairment but have limitations. By using a targeted molecular imaging approach critical components of a pathology can be selectively visualized and exploited for an improved diagnosis and patient management. The GPIIb/IIIa receptor is abundantly and specifically exposed on activated platelets and is the key receptor in thrombus formation...
January 2018: Molecular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350005/-relationship-between-the-prediction-of-the-opening-angle-and-the-increased-value-of-cross-sectional-area-in-single-open-door-laminoplasty
#20
Chao-Lu Shi, Guo-Qiang Jiang, Bin Lu, Ke-Feng Luo, Bing Yue, Ji-Ye Lu
OBJECTIVE: To evolve the formula of relationship between opening angle of laminoplasty and the increased value of cross-sectional area, and to predict the opening angle according to the opening size of lanminoplasty. METHODS: From January 2013 to December 2015, 26 patients underwent single open-door laminoplasty in C₃-C₇. Among them, 10 patients with ossification of posterior longitudinal ligament, there were 6 males and 4 females, aged from 39 to 58 years old with an average of 49...
February 25, 2017: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
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