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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107087/comparison-of-fatty-acid-composition-in-selected-dietary-supplements-containing-conjugated-linoleic-acid
#1
Dorota Derewiaka, Klara Nestorowicz, Rafał Wołosiak
The market of pharmaceutical products is offering a wide range of supplements. Most of the consumers believe that these products will improve their state of health, but are they getting what they want and what they are paying for? The aim of the study was to evaluate the quality of selected dietary supplements containing conjugated linoleic acid (CLA). All supplements were available in the Warsaw markets and bought from pharmacies. Assessment of the quality of food supplements was achieved by analysis of fatty acid using gas chromatography coupled with a mass spectrometer...
January 20, 2017: Journal of Dietary Supplements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107033/drinking-and-driving-and-perceptions-of-arrest-risk-among-california-drivers-relationships-with-dui-arrests-in-their-city-of-residence
#2
Kara E MacLeod, Katherine J Karriker-Jaffe, William A Satariano, Tara Kelley-Baker, John H Lacey, David R Ragland
OBJECTIVE: Addressing drinking and driving remains a challenge in the U.S. The present study aims to provide feedback on DUI in California by assessing if drinking and driving behavior is associated with the DUI arrest rates in the city in which the driver lives; if this is through perceptions that one can get arrested for this behavior; and if this differed by those drivers who would be most affected by deterrence efforts (those most likely to drink outside the home). METHODS: This study consisted of a 2012 roadside survey of 1,147 weekend nighttime drivers in California...
January 20, 2017: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106929/conformational-analysis-of-an-antibacterial-cyclodepsipeptide-active-against-m-tuberculosis-by-a-combined-roe-and-rdc-analysis
#3
Maic Fredersdorf, Michael Kurz, Armin Bauer, Marc-Olivier Ebert, Carla Rigling, Laurie Lannes, Christina Thiele
Griselimycin (GM) and methylgriselimycin (MGM), naturally produced by microorganisms of the genus Streptomyces, are cyclic depsipeptides composed of ten amino acids. They exhibit antibacterial activity against mycobacterium species by inhibiting the sliding clamp of prokaryotic DNA polymerase III and are therefore considered as potential anti-tuberculosis drugs. The difference between both peptides is the presence of L -(R)-4-methylproline in MGM instead of L -proline in GM at position 8 of the amino acid sequence...
January 20, 2017: Chemistry: a European Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106920/self-admission-to-inpatient-treatment-for-patients-with-anorexia-nervosa-the-patient-s-perspective
#4
Mattias Strand, Cynthia M Bulik, Yvonne von Hausswolff-Juhlin, Sanna A Gustafsson
The aim of the present study was to explore patients' experiences of participating in a self-admission program at a specialist eating disorders clinic. Sixteen adult program participants with a diagnosis of anorexia nervosa were interviewed at 6 months about their experiences in the self-admission program. A qualitative content analysis approach was applied to identify recurring themes. Four themes were identified: Agency and Flexibility, Functions, Barriers, and Applicability. Participants used self-admission to boost healthy behaviors, to prevent deterioration, to forestall the need for longer periods of hospitalizations, and to get a break from overwhelming demands...
January 20, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106635/survey-results-from-canada-and-some-latin-america-countries-2016-national-pressure-ulcer-advisory-panel-changes-in-terminology-and-definitions
#5
Elizabeth A Ayello, Guadalupe Maria Lobo Cordero, R Gary Sibbald
OBJECTIVE: Since the National Pressure Ulcer Advisory Panel (NPUAP) held its consensus conference in April 2016, various wound care specialists and professional organizations have been disseminating their response to the revised pressure injury staging definitions. The purpose of this survey was to get an objective perspective of the new NPUAP terminology and staging definitions changes from wound care colleagues outside the United States. PARTICIPANTS: In an attempt to obtain the opinions of wound care specialists outside the United States, a convenience sample from some countries in Latin America was invited to complete a survey during the Mexican Association for Integral Care and Wound Healing conference...
February 2017: Advances in Skin & Wound Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106090/broadband-and-broad-angle-polarization-independent-metasurface-for-radar-cross-section-reduction
#6
Hengyi Sun, Changqing Gu, Xinlei Chen, Zhuo Li, Liangliang Liu, Bingzheng Xu, Zicheng Zhou
In this work, a broadband and broad-angle polarization-independent random coding metasurface structure is proposed for radar cross section (RCS) reduction. An efficient genetic algorithm is utilized to obtain the optimal layout of the unit cells of the metasurface to get a uniform backscattering under normal incidence. Excellent agreement between the simulation and experimental results show that the proposed metasurface structure can significantly reduce the radar cross section more than 10 dB from 17 GHz to 42 GHz when the angle of incident waves varies from 10° to 50°...
January 20, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106018/cardioneuroablation-in-the-treatment-of-neurally-mediated-reflex-syncope-a-review-of-the-current-literature
#7
Tolga Aksu, Tümer Erdem Güler, Serdar Bozyel, Kazım Serhan Özcan, Kıvanç Yalın, Ferit Onur Mutluer
OBJECTIVE: An imbalance between parasympathetic and sympathetic tone is a main cause of neurally mediated reflex syncope (NMRS). These patients may be very symptomatic and the condition may require cardiac pacemaker implantation. Cardioneuroablation (CNA) is a relatively novel technique based on radiofrequency ablation of vagal ganglia that can be used in treatment of NMRS. The aim of this analysis was to compare potential role of CNA in patients with NMRS. METHODS: In accordance with the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses Statement, literature search was conducted using the keywords "cardioneuroablation," "vagal denervation," "reflex syncope," "vagal ablation," and "ganglionic plexi ablation...
December 2017: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneği Arşivi: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneğinin Yayın Organıdır
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105893/-it-will-get-even-better-preliminary-findings-from-a-trauma-focused-psychotherapy-effectiveness-study-reveal-false-positive-patients-long-term-outcome-expectations-after-the-treatment
#8
Evaldas Kazlauskas, Lina Jovarauskaite, Egle Mazulyte, Paulius Skruibis, Migle Dovydaitiene, Jonas Eimontas, Paulina Zelviene
BACKGROUND: There is considerable evidence that outcome expectations may predict psychotherapy outcomes. However, little is known about the long-term outcome expectations following the end of the treatment. AIMS: The aim of this study was to evaluate patients' long-term outcome expectations after trauma-focused post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) psychotherapy in a single group effectiveness study. METHODS: Twenty participants with various traumatic experiences who completed the Brief Eclectic Psychotherapy for Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (BEPP) and all the assessments were included into the study...
January 20, 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105767/investigations-and-referral-for-suspected-cancer-in-primary-care-in-new-zealand-a-survey-linked-to-the-international-cancer-benchmarking-partnership
#9
H W Htun, J M Elwood, S J Ioannides, T Fishman, R Lawrenson
A national internet-based survey of New Zealand (NZ) primary care physicians (n = 192) used the survey instrument developed by the International Cancer Benchmarking Partnership (ICBP). Practitioners were recruited by a range of methods assisted by NZ general practice networks and contacts. Compared to 11 other ICBP jurisdictions, direct access to diagnostic tests was more limited and took more time than in most other areas; the average wait for a test to be done and reported was 3.0 weeks for X-rays and 8...
January 20, 2017: European Journal of Cancer Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105720/primates-on-display-potential-disease-consequences-beyond-bushmeat
#10
Michael P Muehlenbein
Human interactions with nonhuman primates vary tremendously, from daily cultural engagements and food commodities, to pet ownership and tourist encounters. These interactions provide opportunities for the exchange of pathogenic organisms (both zoonoses and anthroponoses). As exposures are not limited to areas where bushmeat usage continues to be a major problem, we must work to understand better our motivations for engaging in activities like owning primates as pets and having direct physical contact with wild primates within the context of nature-based tourism...
January 2017: American Journal of Physical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104907/techniques-getting-down-to-detail
#11
Sian Lewis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 20, 2017: Nature Reviews. Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104483/the-inhomogeneity-and-complexity-in-defining-fractionated-electrograms
#12
Lisette J M E van der Does, Natasja M S de Groot
Ablation strategies targeting areas of complex fractionated atrial electrograms (CFAE) are not successful in the treatment of atrial fibrillation. Fractionation of atrial electrograms may have multiple causes of both pathological and non-pathological origin. In order to get insight in the definitions used for determining areas of fractionation a literature search was performed using a systematic approach. A Pubmed search for studies describing fractionation during human atrial electrophysiological measurements resulted in 348 articles that were screened for new definitions of fractionation...
January 16, 2017: Heart Rhythm: the Official Journal of the Heart Rhythm Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104368/interaction-of-capsaicin-with-calf-thymus-dna-a-multi-spectroscopic-and-molecular-modelling-study
#13
Faizan Abul Qais, K M Abdullah, Md Maroof Alam, Imrana Naseem, Iqbal Ahmad
Studying the mode of interaction between small molecules and DNA have received much attention in recent years, as many drugs have been reported to directly interact with DNA thereby regulating the expression of many genes. Capsaicin is a capsaiciniods family phytocompound having many therapeutic applications including diabetic neuropathy, rheumatoid arthritis, prevention of DNA strand breaks and chromosomal aberrations. In this study, we have investigated the interaction of capsaicin with calf thymus DNA using a number of biophysical techniques to get an insight and better understanding of the interaction mechanism...
January 16, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104286/terminal-room-disinfection-how-much-betr-can-it-get
#14
Matthew P Crotty, Patricia J Jackson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 16, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104252/novel-zebrafish-eae-model-a-quick-in-vivo-screen-for-multiple-sclerosis
#15
Pushkar Kulkarni, Swapna Yellanki, Raghavender Medishetti, Dharmarajan Sriram, Uday Saxena, Perumal Yogeeswari
INTRODUCTION: Pre-clinical drug discovery for multiple sclerosis (MS) is a labor intensive activity to perform in rodent models. This is owing to the long duration of disease induction and observation of treatment effects in an experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) model. We propose a novel adult zebrafish based model which offers a quick and simple protocol that can used to screen candidates as a step between in vitro experiments and rodent studies. The experiments conducted for this manuscript were to standardize a suitable model of EAE in adult zebrafish and validate it using known modulators...
January 2017: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104002/-ten-day-periodical-of-traditional-chinese-medicine-and-its-concept-of-confluence-of-chinese-and-western-medicine
#16
S B Zhang, Z W Wang
The Ten-day Periodical of Traditional Chinese Medicine, a TCM Journal founded by the Xiamen Professional School of Traditional Chinese Medicine in July 1934, had published a lot of essays written by many TCM physicians that interpret the concept of traditional Chinese medicine by western medicine, offering the academic way of probing confluence of Chinese and Western Medicine in Xiamen. The aim of the Journal includes "developing TCM academy" and the "confluence of TCM with western medicine" , the exploration of TCM and the penetration of Chinese and western medicine, and getting rid of blind faith on "science" to set up the belief of TCM and to prove the ideas of visceral theory and its gasification by the anatomical knowledge of western medicine...
September 28, 2016: Zhonghua Yi Shi za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Medical History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103937/the-influence-of-marketing-on-the-sports-betting-attitudes-and-consumption-behaviours-of-young-men-implications-for-harm-reduction-and-prevention-strategies
#17
Emily G Deans, Samantha L Thomas, Jeffrey Derevensky, Mike Daube
BACKGROUND: Gambling can cause significant health and social harms for individuals, their families, and communities. While many studies have explored the individual factors that may lead to and minimise harmful gambling, there is still limited knowledge about the broader range of factors that may contribute to gambling harm. There are significant regulations to prevent the marketing of some forms of gambling but comparatively limited regulations relating to the marketing of newer forms of online gambling such as sports betting...
January 19, 2017: Harm Reduction Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103864/low-back-pain-and-limitations-of-daily-living-in-asia-longitudinal-findings-in-the-thai-cohort-study
#18
Vasoontara Yiengprugsawan, Damian Hoy, Rachelle Buchbinder, Chris Bain, Sam-Ang Seubsman, Adrian C Sleigh
BACKGROUND: Low back pain (LBP) is a major cause of disability throughout the world. However, longitudinal evidence to relate low back pain and functional limitations is mostly confined to Western countries. In this study, we investigate the associations between low back pain and functional limitations in a prospective cohort of Thai adults. METHODS: We analysed information from the Thai Cohort Study of adult Open University adults which included 42,785 participants in both 2009 and 2013, with the majority aged 30 to 65 years and residing nationwide...
January 19, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103565/a-scan-line-forest-growing-based-hand-segmentation-framework-with-multipriority-vertex-stereo-matching-for-wearable-devices
#19
Yiyi Ren, Xiang Xie, Guolin Li, Zhihua Wang
A hand segmentation framework is proposed for 3-D hand gesture interaction for wearable devices. In this framework, all the objects in a scene are regarded as directed trees in a forest, and the problem of the hand segmentation can be converted into finding the target tree (called hand tree) in the forest with proper hand properties including color consistency, space consistency, disparity, and hand shape constraints. The forest grows scan-line by scan-line from high reliable regions to low reliable regions...
January 16, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Cybernetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103564/mograms-a-network-based-methodology-for-visualizing-the-set-of-nondominated-solutions-in-multiobjective-optimization
#20
Krzysztof Trawinski, Manuel Chica, David P Pancho, Sergio Damas, Oscar Cordon
An appropriate visualization of multiobjective nondominated solutions is a valuable asset for decision making. Although there are methods for visualizing the solutions in the design space, they do not provide any information about their relationship. In this paper, we propose a novel methodology that allows the visualization of the nondominated solutions in the design space and their relationships by means of a network. The nodes represent the solutions in the objective space while the edges show the relationships among the solutions in the design space...
January 16, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Cybernetics
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