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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728109/zero-valent-aluminum-for-reductive-removal-of-aqueous-pollutants-over-a-wide-ph-range-performance-and-mechanism-especially-at-near-neutral-ph
#1
Shiying Yang, Di Zheng, Tengfei Ren, Yixuan Zhang, Jia Xin
Zero-valent aluminum (ZVAl) draws much attention due to its strong reducibility. However, under neutral pH conditions, the reduction ability of ZVAl for pollutant removal has still been suspected because of the formed compact surface film of Al-(hydr)oxide. In this study, unmodified ZVAl was employed to reductively remove aqueous pollutants over a wide pH range, and its performance and mechanism, especially at near-neutral pH, were systematically studied for the first time. Results demonstrated that ZVAl had a wide range of pH applicability from 2 to 12, even in neutral environment...
July 6, 2017: Water Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727705/activation-of-the-rage-stat3-pathway-in-the-dorsal-root-ganglion-contributes-to-the-persistent-pain-hypersensitivity-induced-by-lumbar-disc-herniation
#2
Xin-Sheng Zhang, Xiao Li, Hai-Jie Luo, Zhu-Xi Huang, Cui-Cui Liu, Qing Wan, Shu-Wei Xu, Shao-Ling Wu, Song-Jian Ke, Chao Ma
BACKGROUND: Clinically, chronic low back pain and sciatica associated with lumbar disc herniation (LDH) is a common musculoskeletal disorder. Due to the unawareness of detailed mechanisms, it is difficult to get an effective therapy. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to identify the role of the RAGE/STAT3 pathway in the dorsal root ganglion (DRG) on the formation and development of persistent pain hypersensitivity induced by LDH. STUDY DESIGN: Controlled animal study...
July 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727689/do-robots-get-burnout
#3
EDITORIAL
Frank Frizelle, Roger Mulder
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 21, 2017: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727558/understanding-robust-adaptation-dynamics-of-gene-regulatory-network
#4
Xiao-Na Huang, Hai-Peng Ren
Robust adaptation is a critical attribute for gene regulatory network (GRN), understanding the relationship between adaptation and the GRN topology, and corresponding parameters is a challenging issue. The work in this paper includes: first, seven constraint multiobjective optimization algorithms are used to find sufficient solutions to get more reliable statistic rules. Meanwhile, the algorithms are compared to facilitate the future algorithm selection; second, a fuzzy c-mean algorithm is used to analyze solutions and to classify the solutions into different groups; third, the histogram analysis for all satisfactory solutions shows the preferred parameter range, i...
July 18, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Circuits and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727281/defaunation-leads-to-interaction-deficits-not-interaction-compensation-in-an-island-seed-dispersal-network
#5
Evan C Fricke, Joshua J Tewksbury, Haldre S Rogers
Following defaunation, the loss of interactions with mutualists such as pollinators or seed dispersers may be compensated through increased interactions with remaining mutualists, ameliorating the negative cascading impacts on biodiversity. Alternatively, remaining mutualists may respond to altered competition by reducing the breadth or intensity of their interactions, exacerbating negative impacts on biodiversity. Despite the importance of these responses for our understanding of the dynamics of mutualistic networks and their response to global change, the mechanism and magnitude of interaction compensation within real mutualistic networks remains largely unknown...
July 20, 2017: Global Change Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727007/best-management-practices-for-newly-weaned-calves-for-improved-health-and-well-being
#6
B K Wilson, C J Richards, D L Step, C R Krehbiel
Morbidity and mortality in newly weaned calves resulting from bovine respiratory disease (BRD) continue to be the most significant problems facing the beef industry. Morbidity attributed to BRD accounts for approximately 75% of total feedlot morbidity. Several experiments have documented the economic impacts of BRD. Direct costs attributable to BRD include death loss, treatment and labor costs, and prevention costs, while indirect costs associated with BRD include decreased growth performance and feed efficiency, increased days on feed, and decreased carcass merit and market value...
May 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726836/engineered-cell-therapy-for-cancer-gets-thumbs-up-from-fda-advisers
#7
Heidi Ledford
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 12, 2017: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726596/getting-the-message-across-an-august-bank-holiday-long-ago
#8
Musheer Hussain, Edward Fisher, Robin Youngs, Jonathan Fishman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726502/spatial-reorientation-decline-in-aging-the-combination-of-geometry-and-landmarks
#9
Alessandro O Caffò, Antonella Lopez, Giuseppina Spano, Silvia Serino, Pietro Cipresso, Fabrizio Stasolla, Michelina Savino, Giulio E Lancioni, Giuseppe Riva, Andrea Bosco
OBJECTIVES: The study is focused on the assessment of reorientation skills in a sample of community-dwelling elderly people, manipulating landmarks and geometric (layout) information. METHOD: A neuropsychological assessment was administered to 286 elderly participants, divided into six groups (healthy controls, HC; four subgroups of participants with mild cognitive impairment, MCI; participants with probable dementia, Prob_D) and tested with the Virtual Reorientation Test (VReoT)...
July 20, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726469/the-unintended-effects-of-providing-risk-information-about-drinking-and-driving
#10
Mark B Johnson, Catalina E Kopetz
OBJECTIVE: Alcohol-impaired driving remains a serious public health concern despite the fact that drinking and driving risks are widely disseminated and well understood by the public. This research examines the motivational conditions under which providing risk information can exacerbate rather than decrease potential drinking drivers' willingness to drive while impaired. METHOD: In a hypothetical drinking and driving scenario, 3 studies investigated participants' self-reported likelihood of drinking and driving as a function of (a) accessibility of information regarding risk associated with drinking and driving, (b) motivation to drive, and (c) need for cognitive closure (NFC)...
July 20, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726458/getting-started-reply-to-condon-et-al-2017-and-rossiter-2017
#11
Karen A Matthews, Nancy E Adler, Christopher B Forrest, William W Stead
Condon, Weston, and Hill (2017) and Rossiter (2017) expressed concerns about the recommended panel of psychosocial vital signs that should be included in electronic health records (EHRs). Condon et al. (2017) would prefer a broader array of measures and Rossiter (2017) a set of optimal measures based on consensus. Our task was to identify a core set of measures to be used now in all EHRs based on usefulness and low burden. We anticipate that with new evidence, changing needs, and greater input from stakeholders, the recommended measures will be elaborated or modified...
July 2017: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726026/euthanasia-global-scenario-and-its-status-in-india
#12
REVIEW
Raghvendra Singh Shekhawat, Tanuj Kanchan, Puneet Setia, Alok Atreya, Kewal Krishan
The legal and moral validity of euthanasia has been questioned in different situations. In India, the status of euthanasia is no different. It was the Aruna Ramachandra Shanbaug case that got significant public attention and led the Supreme Court of India to initiate detailed deliberations on the long ignored issue of euthanasia. Realising the importance of this issue and considering the ongoing and pending litigation before the different courts in this regard, the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India issued a public notice on May 2016 that invited opinions from the citizens and the concerned stakeholders on the proposed draft bill entitled The Medical Treatment of Terminally Ill Patients (Protection of Patients and Medical Practitioners) Bill...
July 19, 2017: Science and Engineering Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726019/arabic-translation-cultural-adaptation-and-validation-study-of-knee-outcome-survey-activities-of-daily-living-scale-kos-adls
#13
Abdulrahman D Algarni, Hamza M Alrabai, Abdulaziz Al-Ahaideb, Shaji John Kachanathu, Sulaiman A AlShammari
Knee complaints and their accompanying functional impairments are frequent problems encountered by healthcare practitioners worldwide. Plenty of functional scoring systems were developed and validated to give a relative estimation about the knee function. Despite the wide geographic distribution of Arabic language in the Middle East and North Africa, it is rare to find a validated knee function scale in Arabic. The present study is aimed to translate, validate, and culturally adjust the Knee Outcome Survey: Activities of Daily Living Scale (KOS-ADLS) into Arabic language for future use among Arabic-speaking patients...
July 19, 2017: Rheumatology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725848/exploring-inpatients-experiences-of-healing-and-healing-spaces-a-mixed-methods-study
#14
Lorissa MacAllister, Dawn Bellanti, Bonnie R Sakallaris
In order to understand a patient's healing experience it is essential to understand the elements that they, the patient, believes contributed to their healing. Previous research has focused on symptom reducers or contributors through environment such as stress. A person's experience of healing happens over time not instantaneous. Therefore, in this study, the interviews with patients happened after forty-eight hours of hospitalization. This mixed methods study describes the experiences of seventeen inpatients from two healthcare systems using a phenomenological approach combined with evidence based design evaluation methods to document the setting...
December 2016: Journal of patient experience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725584/magnetic-resonance-imaging-detection-of-prostate-cancer-in-men-with-previous-negative-prostate-biopsy
#15
REVIEW
Matthew Truong, Thomas P Frye
Use of transrectal ultrasound guided systematic prostate biopsy has poor diagnostic accuracy for prostate cancer (PCa) detection. Recently multiparametric MRI (mpMRI) of the prostate and MR/US fusion biopsy has been gaining popularity for men who have previously undergone a negative biopsy. We performed PubMed(®) and Web of Science(®) searches to identify studies on this subject, particularly focusing on studies consisting of patients who have had at least one previously negative biopsy. Across the literature, when a suspicious lesion is found on mpMRI, MR/US fusion biopsy has consistently demonstrated higher detection rate for any PCa and clinically significant PCa (csPCa) compared to the traditional repeat systematic biopsy (SB) approach...
June 2017: Translational Andrology and Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725232/transcriptome-wide-identification-of-differentially-expressed-genes-in-solanum-lycopersicon-l-in-response-to-an-alfalfa-protein-hydrolysate-using-microarrays
#16
Andrea Ertani, Michela Schiavon, Serenella Nardi
An alfalfa-based protein hydrolysate (EM) has been tested in tomato (Solanum lycopersicon L.) plants at two different concentrations (0.1 and 1 mL L(-1)) to get insight on its efficacy as biostimulant in this species and to unravel possible metabolic targets and molecular mechanisms that may shed light on its mode of action. EM was efficient in promoting the fresh biomass and content in chlorophyll and soluble sugars of tomato plants, especially when it was applied at the concentration of 1 mL L(-1). This effect on plant productivity was likely related to the EM-dependent up-regulation of genes identified via microarray and involved in primary carbon and nitrogen metabolism, photosynthesis, nutrient uptake and developmental processes...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725188/using-virtual-reality-to-assess-ethical-decisions-in-road-traffic-scenarios-applicability-of-value-of-life-based-models-and-influences-of-time-pressure
#17
Leon R Sütfeld, Richard Gast, Peter König, Gordon Pipa
Self-driving cars are posing a new challenge to our ethics. By using algorithms to make decisions in situations where harming humans is possible, probable, or even unavoidable, a self-driving car's ethical behavior comes pre-defined. Ad hoc decisions are made in milliseconds, but can be based on extensive research and debates. The same algorithms are also likely to be used in millions of cars at a time, increasing the impact of any inherent biases, and increasing the importance of getting it right. Previous research has shown that moral judgment and behavior are highly context-dependent, and comprehensive and nuanced models of the underlying cognitive processes are out of reach to date...
2017: Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724684/getting-what-you-pay-for
#18
Gale Adcock
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: North Carolina Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724181/finding-the-best-therapeutic-approach-for-pcos-the-importance-of-inositol-s-bioavailability
#19
B Orrù, R Circo, P Logoteta, S Petousis, G Carlomagno
Broadening clinical evidence has markedly designated inositol(s) as a common and effective therapeutic approach for PCOS and infertility. Although considerable research has been focused on the use in clinical practice of myo-inositol (myo-ins) and D-chiro-inositol (D-chiro-ins), the two major inositol stereoisomers, less attention has been paid to their bioavailability. Therefore, the aim of this paper is to gather and analyze information on inositol(s) bioavailability, to better delineate its optimal concentration for scientific and clinical purposes...
June 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724062/increasing-genomic-enabled-prediction-accuracy-by-modeling-genotype-%C3%A3-environment-interactions-in-kansas-wheat
#20
Diego Jarquín, Cristiano Lemes da Silva, R Chris Gaynor, Jesse Poland, Allan Fritz, Reka Howard, Sarah Battenfield, Jose Crossa
Wheat ( L.) breeding programs test experimental lines in multiple locations over multiple years to get an accurate assessment of grain yield and yield stability. Selections in early generations of the breeding pipeline are based on information from only one or few locations and thus materials are advanced with little knowledge of the genotype × environment interaction (G × E) effects. Later, large trials are conducted in several locations to assess the performance of more advanced lines across environments...
July 2017: Plant Genome
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