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Yong Cai, Xiwen Li, Runmiao Wang, Qing Yang, Peng Li, Hao Hu
Currently, the chemical fingerprint comparison and analysis is mainly based on professional equipment and software, it's expensive and inconvenient. This study aims to integrate QR (Quick Response) code with quality data and mobile intelligent technology to develop a convenient query terminal for tracing quality in the whole industrial chain of TCM (traditional Chinese medicine). Three herbal medicines were randomly selected and their chemical two-dimensional barcode (2D) barcodes fingerprints were constructed...
2016: PloS One
Alexandra B Collins, Carol Strike, Adrian Guta, Rosalind Baltzer Turje, Patrick McDougall, Surita Parashar, Ryan McNeil
BACKGROUND: Compensation for participating in research has been a fundamental element of the research apparatus despite concerns about its impact on incentivising participation. Researchers and research ethics boards acknowledge that compensation may prompt structurally vulnerable populations, such as people who use drugs (PWUD), to engage in research primarily out of financial need. Thus, institutional restrictions around compensation have been implemented. This study explores the ethical implications of compensation practices aimed at 'protecting' structurally vulnerable people living with HIV (PLHIV) who use drugs within the context of individuals' lived realities...
October 22, 2016: International Journal on Drug Policy
J Maxwell Donelan
We rely on predictions to rapidly select our walking gaits. New research suggests that the formation of these predictions is driven by the difference between the walk we expect and the walk we get.
October 24, 2016: Current Biology: CB
Abhinav Totapally, Michael Leoncio, Fernando Beltramo, Keith Meyer, Andre Raszynski, Balagangadhar R Totapally
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to explore the epidemiology and outcomes of hospitalized children with a diagnosis of accidental hypothermia. METHODS: The 2012 Kids' Inpatient Database, detailing discharge diagnoses in children admitted to US hospitals, was analyzed using ICD-9-DM codes to filter out relevant patients. Children ages 1 month to 17 years were included in the analysis. Demographic and outcome variables in the hypothermia group were compared with the rest of the patients...
October 25, 2016: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
Sudip Das, Tarak Karmakar, Sundaram Balasubramanian
Thermomyces lanuginosus lipase (TLL) is an industrially significant catalyst for the production of biodiesel due to its operability over a wide range of pH and temperature. Molecular dynamics simulations of TLL in aqueous solutions of a biocompatible ionic liquid (IL), cholinium glycinate (ChGly) have been carried out to investigate the microscopic reasons for the experimentally observed enhancement in the activity of TLL, upon addition of room temperature IL, especially at an optimal concentration. Eight different TLL systems in both its open and closed forms at various concentrations of the room temperature IL in water have been studied...
October 25, 2016: Journal of Physical Chemistry. B
Xu-Xu Chen, Tao Wang, Jian Li, Hui Kang
BACKGROUND: After total hip arthroplasty (THA), there is a noteworthy inflammatory response. The inflammatory response is associated with postoperative recovery and complications. However, there had been few reports on the relationship between inflammatory response and postoperative complication rate. The aim of the present study was to investigate early inflammatory response in the first 3 days after THA, and to identify the relationship between inflammatory response and estimated complication rate after surgery...
2016: Chinese Medical Journal
Xiaoshu Lü, Esa-Pekka Takala, Esko Toppila, Ykä Marjanen, Leena Kaila-Kangas, Tao Lu
Exposure to whole-body vibration (WBV) presents an occupational health risk and several safety standards obligate to measure WBV. The high cost of direct measurements in large epidemiological studies raises the question of the optimal sampling for estimating WBV exposures given by a large variation of exposure levels in real worksites. This paper presents a new approach to address this problem. A daily exposure to WBV was recorded for 9 to 24 days among 48 all-terrain vehicle drivers. Four datasets based on root mean squared recordings were obtained from the measurement...
October 25, 2016: Ergonomics
Fahad D Alosaimi, Mujahid Bukhari, Maram Altuwirqi, Mohamad Habous, Khaled Madbouly, Zeinab Abotalib, Saleh Binsaleh
The objective of the study was to evaluate the differences in psychosocial distress and coping mechanisms among infertile men and women in Saudi Arabia (SA). We performed a cross-sectional study of infertile patients (206 women and 200 men) attending infertility clinics in three referral hospitals in Riyadh, SA. A semi-structured questionnaire was developed to assess socio-demographic, clinical and psychosocial variables. Infertility-related psychosocial pressures were reported in 79 (39.7%) male and 97 (47...
October 25, 2016: Human Fertility: Journal of the British Fertility Society
Margaret Mealings, Jacinta Douglas, John Olver
PURPOSE: Speech-language pathologists (SLPs) have a key role in supporting educational participation for secondary and tertiary students with traumatic brain injury (TBI). This article aims to (i) explore issues identified by students with TBI that affect educational participation beyond their academic performance, (ii) offer a framework based on research evidence to guide the practice of SLPs and (iii) explore strategies that may expand the traditional roles of SLPs to support students beyond academic performance...
October 25, 2016: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Mangen Yang, Xing Chen, Chad Shouquan Cheng
Precipitation extremes play a key role in flooding risks over the Huaihe River Basin, which is important to understand their hydrological impacts. Based on observed daily precipitation and streamflow data from 1958 to 2009, eight precipitation indices and three streamflow indices were calculated for the study of hydrological impacts of precipitation extremes. The results indicate that the wet condition intensified in the summer wet season and the drought condition was getting worse in the autumn dry season in the later years of the past 50 years...
2016: SpringerPlus
Ned Gilbert-Kawai
Whilst attending a conference in the not too distant past, I was fortunate enough to be seated at lunch next to a very eminent octogenarian academic. Conversation ensued, and I was instantly captivated by his stories. These were not narratives filled with scientific facts, but rather anecdotes of his life and the pathways he had taken to get where he was today. Fascinated by such accounts, I set about the task of interviewing persons of scientific acclaim, to learn more about their life stories and unwritten tales...
2016: Extreme Physiology & Medicine
Sangeeta, Bahadur Singh Hathan
The aim of this work was to study the effect of osmotic dehydration on the quality of jimikand which can be used as an instant vegetable to get its nutritional and functional benefits. Osmotic dehydration was applied as pre-treatment to hot-air drying for increasing palatability, mass transfer improvement and minimizing nutritional losses. To see the effect of osmotic dehydration on various quality parameters, conditions of osmotic dehydration selected were osmotic solution concentrations (5, 10 and 15 % w/w) and temperatures (40, 50 and 60 °C) for constant process time (80 min) on the basis of mass transfer analysis...
September 2016: Journal of Food Science and Technology
Jennifer A Bartz, Kristina Tchalova, Can Fenerci
It is a fundamental human need to secure and sustain a sense of social belonging. Previous research has shown that individuals who are lonely are more likely than people who are not lonely to attribute humanlike traits (e.g., free will) to nonhuman agents (e.g., an alarm clock that makes people get up by moving away from the sleeper), presumably in an attempt to fulfill unmet needs for belongingness. We directly replicated the association between loneliness and anthropomorphism in a larger sample (N = 178); furthermore, we showed that reminding people of a close, supportive relationship reduces their tendency to anthropomorphize...
October 24, 2016: Psychological Science
Manoj Kumar Gupta, Santosh Kumar Behara, Vadde Ramakrishna
In-silico attempt was made to identify the key hub genes which get differentially expressed in biliary stricture and hepatic carcinoma. Gene expression data, GSE34166, was downloaded from the GEO database, which contains 10 biliary stricture samples (4 benign control and 6 malignant carcinoma), for screening of key hub genes associated with the disease. R packages scripts were identified 85 differentially expressed genes. Further these genes were uploaded in WebGestalt database and identified nine key genes...
October 21, 2016: Gene
Qing Hong, Jieping Feng, Haijuan Liu, Xiaomin Li, Lirong Gong, Zhen Yang, Weiming Yang, Xiongfa Liang, Rujiang Zheng, Zhicai Cui, Weiliang Wang, Daixiong Chen
Sparganosis is an important parasitic disease in Guangzhou and is mainly acquired by consumption of frog meat or contact with fresh frogs infected by larval stages (spargana) of the tapeworm species Spirometra mansoni (S. mansoni). In this study we assessed the prevalence of intestinal S. mansoni infections (with adult parasites) in dogs and cats on one hand and of extraintestinal S. mansoni infections (with spargana) in frogs on the other. In Addition, a questinnaire survey among residents in Guangzhou City was carried out in order to evaluate the awareness of autochthonous people about the medical and epidemiological relevance of Spirometra and sparganosis...
October 21, 2016: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
Benedicto Crespo-Facorro, Miguel Bernardo, Josep Maria Argimon, Manuel Arrojo, Maria Fe Bravo-Ortiz, Ana Cabrera-Cifuentes, Julián Carretero-Román, Manuel A Franco-Martín, Paz García-Portilla, Josep Maria Haro, José Manuel Olivares, Rafael Penadés, Javier Del Pino-Montes, Julio Sanjuán, Celso Arango
Schizophrenia is a clinically heterogeneous syndrome affecting multiple dimensions of the patient's life. Treatment requires a multidimensional approach in which we should take into account the effectiveness (the ability of an intervention to get the desired result under ideal conditions), effectiveness (the degree to which the intended effect is obtained under usual clinical practice conditions) and efficiency (the value of the intervention with respect to the cost to the individual or society). In a first phase, a group of 90 national experts from all s, from a multidimensional and multidisciplinary perspective of the disease, defined the concepts of efficiency, effectiveness and efficiency around 7 key dimensions: symptoms; comorbidities; relapse and adherence; insight and subjective experience; cognition; quality of life, autonomy and functional capacity; and inclusion...
October 22, 2016: Revista de Psiquiatrí́a y Salud Mental
Hai-Rong Yu, Jia-Qi Hu, Zhuang Liu, Xiao-Jie Ju, Rui Xie, Wei Wang, Liang-Yin Chu
At present, selective and efficient removal of cesium ions (Cs(+)) from nuclear waste is of significant importance but still challenging. In this study, an easy-to-get and low-cost hydrogel adsorbent has been developed for effective adsorption and removal of Cs(+) from aqueous environment. The novel Cs(+)-recognizable poly(acrylic acid-co-benzo-18-crown-6-acrylamide) (poly(AAc-co-B18C6Am)) hydrogel is specifically designed with a synergistic effect, in which the AAc units are designed to attract Cs(+) via electrostatic attraction and the B18C6Am units are designed to capture the attracted Cs(+) by forming stable 2:1 "sandwich" complexes...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Hazardous Materials
Sheldon Paul Stone, Barry D Cookson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 21, 2016: American Journal of Infection Control
Suleiman M Momany, Ghaida AlJamal, Bassam Shugaa-Addin, Yousef S Khader
PURPOSE: To explore the validity of cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) as one of many predictive tools that can be used (alone or in conjunction) to help in identifying high-risk cases of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) that should get the earliest possible referral to a sleep specialist for standard diagnostic polysomnography, and to identify imaging airway parameters that may be predictive of OSA severity. METHODS: Using a case-control design, 45 subjects matched by age and sex (22 OSA cases and 23 controls) were included in this study...
October 2016: American Journal of the Medical Sciences
Ivana Tartaro Bujak, Branka Mihaljević, Carla Ferreri, Chryssostomos Chatgilialoglu
The biomimetic model of micelles of linoleic acid containing 2-mercaptoethanol and the antioxidant was examined under gamma irradiation up to 400 Gy in aerobic or deoxygenated conditions where thiyl radicals are the main reactive species. Lipid peroxidation was retarded by ascorbic acid and α-tocopherol, whereas this process was strongly inhibited by resveratrol as effectively as the ascorbic acid/α-tocopherol mixture. Furthermore, antioxidants have a much stronger inhibitory effect on the peroxidation in the presence of 2-mercaptoethanol, and at the same time show protective properties of the double bond, decreasing the cis-trans isomerization...
October 25, 2016: Free Radical Research
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