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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437132/home-enteral-nutrition-updates-trends-and-challenges
#1
Karen Martin, Gabriela Gardner
The true prevalence of home enteral nutrition (HEN) utilization is unclear and requires further study. HEN therapy has remained virtually unchanged for several decades. However, new trends in HEN are evolving; enteral nutrition is undergoing changes ranging from enteral feeding devices, ingredients used, practice innovations, and challenges with reimbursement. A 2006 Joint Commission call to action that reported 2 sentinel events related to misconnections set things into motion for the transition of enteral device connectors to become specific for enteral nutrition use, which will affect patients who receive HEN...
April 1, 2017: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436895/online-learning-algorithm-based-on-adaptive-control-theory
#2
Jian-Wei Liu, Jia-Jia Zhou, Mohamed S Kamel, Xiong-Lin Luo
This paper proposes a new online learning algorithm which is based on adaptive control (AC) theory, thus, we call this proposed algorithm as AC algorithm. Comparing to the gradient descent (GD) and exponential gradient (EG) algorithm which have been applied to online prediction problems, we find a new form of AC theory for online prediction problems and investigate two key questions: how to get a new update law which has a tighter upper bound on the error than the square loss? How to compare the upper bound for accumulated losses for the three algorithms? We obtain a new update law which fully utilizes model reference AC theory...
April 18, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Neural Networks and Learning Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436885/investigating-correlation-between-protein-sequence-similarity-and-semantic-similarity-using-gene-ontology-annotations
#3
Najmul Ikram, Muhammad Qadir, Muhammad Afzal
Sequence similarity is a commonly used measure to compare proteins. With the increasing use of ontologies, semantic (function) similarity is getting importance. The correlation between these measures has been applied in the evaluation of new semantic similarity methods, and in protein function prediction. In this research, we investigate the relationship between the two similarity methods. The results suggest absence of a strong correlation between sequence and semantic similarities. There is a large number of proteins with low sequence similarity and high semantic similarity...
April 18, 2017: IEEE/ACM Transactions on Computational Biology and Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436153/reliability-and-validity-of-the-persian-language-version-of-the-international-consultation-on-incontinence-questionnaire-male-lower-urinary-tract-symptoms-iciq-mluts
#4
Abbas Ali Pourmomeny, Behnaz Ghanei, Farshid Alizadeh
OBJECTIVES: Assessment instruments are essential for research, allowing diagnosis and evaluating treatment outcomes in subjects with lower urinary tract disorders of both genders. The purpose of this study was to translate the Male Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms (MLUTS) Questionnaire and determine its psychometric properties in Persian subjects. METHODS: After getting permission from the International Consultation on Incontinence Modular Questionnaire (ICIQ) web site, the forward and backward translation of the MLUTS questionnaire were carried out by researcher team...
April 23, 2017: Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436131/twisting-of-alkynes-towards-a-carbon-double-helix
#5
Abdulselam Adam, Gebhard Haberhauer
The carbon allotrope exhibiting only one-dimensional sp-hybridized carbon atoms is called carbyne. However, its existence is very controversially discussed. Studies regarding model compounds for carbyne revealed that many oligoalkynes show not a straight, but a bent structure of the carbon chain. Here we deal with the question whether it would also be possible to get a more complex structure from carbyne like a dimeric double helix. By means of quantum chemical calculations we were able to show that only a small energetic expense is needed for the formation of a double helix starting from oligoalkyne chains...
April 23, 2017: Chemistry: a European Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435890/gene-expression-profile-of-human-cytokines-in-response-to-burkholderia-pseudomallei-infection
#6
Shivankari Krishnananthasivam, Harindra Darshana Sathkumara, Enoka Corea, Mohan Natesan, Aruna Dharshan De Silva
Melioidosis is an underreported infectious disease, caused by the Gram-negative bacterium Burkholderia pseudomallei. Understanding the disease susceptibility and pathogenesis is crucial for developing newer diagnostic and therapeutic strategies for this life-threatening infection. In this study, we aimed to analyze the gene expression levels of important cytokines in melioidosis patients and establish useful correlates with disease biomarkers compared to cases of sepsis infection caused by other pathogens and healthy individuals...
March 2017: MSphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435874/toward-garnet-electrolyte-based-li-metal-batteries-an-ultrathin-highly-effective-artificial-solid-state-electrolyte-metallic-li-interface
#7
Kun Kelvin Fu, Yunhui Gong, Boyang Liu, Yizhou Zhu, Shaomao Xu, Yonggang Yao, Wei Luo, Chengwei Wang, Steven D Lacey, Jiaqi Dai, Yanan Chen, Yifei Mo, Eric Wachsman, Liangbing Hu
Solid-state batteries are a promising option toward high energy and power densities due to the use of lithium (Li) metal as an anode. Among all solid electrolyte materials ranging from sulfides to oxides and oxynitrides, cubic garnet-type Li7La3Zr2O12 (LLZO) ceramic electrolytes are superior candidates because of their high ionic conductivity (10(-3) to 10(-4) S/cm) and good stability against Li metal. However, garnet solid electrolytes generally have poor contact with Li metal, which causes high resistance and uneven current distribution at the interface...
April 2017: Science Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435231/complexity-of-care-and-strategies-of-self-management-in-patients-with-colorectal-cancer
#8
Dominik Ose, Eva C Winkler, Sarah Berger, Ines Baudendistel, Martina Kamradt, Felicitas Eckrich, Joachim Szecsenyi
PURPOSE: Given the inherent complexity of cancer care, in which personal, social, and clinical aspects accumulate and interact over time, self-management support need to become more comprehensive. This study has the following two aims: 1) to analyze and describe the complexity of individual patient situations and 2) to analyze and describe already established self-management strategies of patients to handle this complexity. METHODS: A qualitative study was conducted...
2017: Patient Preference and Adherence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435206/new-progress-on-the-operator-inequalities-involving-improved-young-s-and-its-reverse-inequalities-relating-to-the-kantorovich-constant
#9
Jie Zhang, Junliang Wu
The purpose of this paper is to give a survey of the progress, advantages and limitations of various operator inequalities involving improved Young's and its reverse inequalities related to the Kittaneh-Manasrah inequality. We also present our new progress to the related research topics. New scalar versions of Young's inequalities are promoted, the operator version and the Hilbert-Schmidt form also get a promotion.
2017: Journal of Inequalities and Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434747/bivariate-threshold-models-for-genetic-evaluation-of-susceptibility-to-and-ability-to-recover-from-mastitis-in-danish-holstein-cows
#10
B G Welderufael, L L G Janss, D J de Koning, L P Sørensen, P Løvendahl, W F Fikse
Mastitis in dairy cows is an unavoidable problem and genetic variation in recovery from mastitis, in addition to susceptibility, is therefore of interest. Genetic parameters for susceptibility to and recovery from mastitis were estimated for Danish Holstein-Friesian cows using data from automatic milking systems equipped with online somatic cell count measuring units. The somatic cell count measurements were converted to elevated mastitis risk, a continuous variable [on a (0-1) scale] indicating the risk of mastitis...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434723/labeling-strategies-to-overcome-the-problem-of-niche-markets-for-sustainable-milk-products-the-example-of-pasture-raised-milk
#11
S Kühl, B Gassler, A Spiller
Pasture-raised milk is gaining in importance in some European countries and in the United States. The production of pasture-raised milk is linked to higher costs, as the milk is normally collected and processed separately from conventional barn milk. This could hinder the production of sustainable milk products. We discuss alternative labeling strategies that allow the mixing of pasture-raised (sustainable) and conventional milk to reduce costs and break free from the current niche market. The lower price would allow for more pasture-raised milk to be produced and enter the mainstream market...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434711/validation-of-an-ultra-high-performance-liquid-chromatography-tandem-mass-spectrometry-method-to-quantify-illicit-drug-and-pharmaceutical-residues-in-wastewater-using-accuracy-profile-approach
#12
Cécile Hubert, Martin Roosen, Yves Levi, Sara Karolak
The analysis of biomarkers in wastewater has become a common approach to assess community behavior. This method is an interesting way to estimate illicit drug consumption in a given population: by using a back calculation method, it is therefore possible to quantify the amount of a specific drug used in a community and to assess the consumption variation at different times and locations. Such a method needs reliable analytical data since the determination of a concentration in the ngL(-1) range in a complex matrix is difficult and not easily reproducible...
April 15, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434620/fontan-survival-as-good-as-it-gets
#13
EDITORIAL
Poonam Thankavel, Robert D B Jaquiss
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 4, 2017: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434277/patients-are-doing-it-for-themselves-a-survey-on-disease-specific-knowledge-acquisition-among-people-with-parkinson-s-disease-in-sweden
#14
Sara Riggare, Pär J Höglund, Helena Hvitfeldt Forsberg, Elena Eftimovska, Per Svenningsson, Maria Hägglund
Effective self-management is key to living well with Parkinson's disease and one important aspect is disease-specific knowledge. This article explores how people with Parkinson's disease in Sweden (1) acquire disease-specific knowledge and (2) use Parkinson's disease-related healthcare. Data were collected through an online survey, which had 346 respondents (16-87 years old, median age: 68 years, 51% male; time since diagnosis: 0-31 years, median time: 7 years). Our results show that disease-specific knowledge is mainly found online, especially for women with Parkinson's disease and people with Parkinson's disease of working age, that most people with Parkinson's disease in Sweden see their neurologist for 1 h or less per year and only one in two people with Parkinson's disease has regular contact with other Parkinson's disease-related healthcare professionals...
April 1, 2017: Health Informatics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434244/-helping-reintegration-of-patients-suffering-from-chronic-musculoskeletal-diseases-with-decreased-working-ability-in-the-national-institute-of-rheumatology-and-physiotherapy-budapest-hungary
#15
Julianna Rozália Sallai, Aniella Hunka, Gábor Héjj, Géza Bálint, Gyula Poór
INTRODUCTION: An important task of our institute is to support social reintegration: including occupational rehabilitation of patients suffering from chronic musculoskeletal diseases with decreased working ability. AIM: The aim of the authors was to provide informations of their daily practice, how they perform patient education, giving information for their patients about their disease, the rehabilitation possibilities, how they support the patients with decreased working ability to take part in their own rehabilitation...
April 2017: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433925/low-dose-pollutant-mixture-triggers-metabolic-disturbances-in-female-mice-leading-to-common-and-specific-features-as-compared-to-a-high-fat-diet
#16
Emmanuel Labaronne, Claudie Pinteur, Nathalie Vega, Sandra Pesenti, Benoit Julien, Emmanuelle Meugnier-Fouilloux, Hubert Vidal, Danielle Naville, Brigitte Le Magueresse-Battistoni
Environmental pollutants are potential etiologic factors of obesity and diabetes that reach epidemic proportions worldwide. However, it is important to determine if pollutants could exert metabolic defects without directly inducing obesity. The metabolic disturbances triggered in nonobese mice lifelong exposed to a mixture of low-dose pollutants (2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxine, polychlorinated biphenyl 153, diethylhexyl-phthalate, and bisphenol A) were compared with changes provoked by a high-fat high-sucrose (HFHS) diet not containing the pollutant mixture...
April 8, 2017: Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433637/inhibition-of-pro-inflammatory-enzymes-by-medicinal-plants-from-the-argentinean-highlands-puna
#17
Romina Torres-Carro, María Inés Isla, Samanta Thomas-Valdes, Felipe Jiménez-Aspee, Guillermo Schmeda-Hirschmann, María Rosa Alberto
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Human groups in the Argentinean Andes highlands (Puna) selected native plants as anti-inflammatory agents. The indications of use are mainly to relieve pain, in infusions, ethanolic extracts or plasters. AIM OF THE STUDY: The objective of the study was to assess the effect of hydroalcoholic extracts from native highland plants as anti-inflammatory according to the traditional indications of use. The chemical profile of the three most active species was analyzed by HPLC-ESI-MS to get in insight into the constituents and the effects observed, according to the ethnopharmacological information...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433497/clostridium-difficile-toxin-glucosyltransferase-domains-in-complex-with-a-non-hydrolyzable-udp-glucose-analogue
#18
Joseph W Alvin, D Borden Lacy
Clostridium difficile is the leading cause of hospital-acquired diarrhea and pseudomembranous colitis worldwide. The organism produces two homologous toxins, TcdA and TcdB, which enter and disrupt host cell function by glucosylating and thereby inactivating key signalling molecules within the host. As a toxin-mediated disease, there has been a significant interest in identifying small molecule inhibitors of the toxins' glucosyltransferase activities. This study was initiated as part of an effort to identify the mode of inhibition for a small molecule inhibitor of glucosyltransferase activity called apigenin...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Structural Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433408/don-t-need-help-don-t-want-help-can-t-get-help-how-patients-with-brain-tumors-account-for-not-using-rehabilitation-psychosocial-and-community-services
#19
Danette Langbecker, Stuart Ekberg, Patsy Yates
OBJECTIVE: To understand why some adults with primary brain tumors do not use support services despite indications of a need for help. METHODS: Nineteen adults recently diagnosed with primary brain tumors participated in semi-structured interviews. Thematic analysis was used to identify recurrent ways participants explained their non-use of support services. RESULTS: Some patients indicated that they did not use support services as they did not need help, in particular reporting positive experiences relative to their expectations or to others, that their needs were met, or difficulties recognizing their needs...
April 14, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433377/neoadjuvant-chemotherapy-in-muscle-invasive-bladder-cancer-are-things-now-getting-personal
#20
EDITORIAL
Matthew D Galsky, John P Sfakianos, Bart S Ferket
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 19, 2017: European Urology
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