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Delphi method

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933181/what-are-the-pros-and-cons-of-electronically-monitoring-inhaler-use-in-asthma-a-multistakeholder-perspective
#1
Sam Howard, Alexandra Lang, Sarah Sharples, Dominick Shaw
INTRODUCTION: Electronic monitoring devices (EMDs) are the optimal method for collecting objective data on inhaler use in asthma. Recent research has investigated the attitudes of patients with asthma towards these devices. However, no research to date has formally considered the opinions of stakeholders and decision-makers in asthma care. These individuals have important clinical requirements that need to be taken into account if EMDs are to be successfully provisioned, making collecting their opinions on the key barriers facing these devices a valuable process...
2016: BMJ Open Respiratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924193/practice-guidelines-for-propofol-sedation-by-non-anesthesiologists-the-korean-society-of-anesthesiologists-task-force-recommendations-on-propofol-sedation
#2
REVIEW
Hyun Kang, Duk Kyung Kim, Yong-Seon Choi, Young-Chul Yoo, Hyun Sik Chung
In South Korea, as in many other countries, propofol sedation is performed by practitioners across a broad range of specialties in our country. However, this has led to significant variation in propofol sedation practices, as shown in a series of reports by the Korean Society of Anesthesiologists (KSA). This has led the KSA to develop a set of evidence-based practical guidelines for propofol sedation by non-anesthesiologists. Here, we provide a set of recommendations for propofol sedation, with the aim of ensuring patient safety in a variety of clinical settings...
December 2016: Korean Journal of Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923779/a-multidisciplinary-model-to-guide-employment-outcomes-among-people-living-with-spinal-cord-injuries-in-south-africa-a-mixed-methods-study-protocol
#3
Ntsikelelo Pefile, Joyce Mothabeng, Saloshni Naidoo
BACKGROUND: Spinal cord injury (SCI) often results in complete or partial loss of functioning of the upper and/or lower limbs, leading to the affected individual experiencing difficulties in performing activities of daily living. This results in reduced participation in social, religious, recreational, and economic activities (employment). The South Africa legal framework promotes the employment and assistance of people with disabilities. However, rehabilitation interventions focus mainly on impairments and activity limitations, with few attempts to prepare those with SCI to return to gainful employment...
December 6, 2016: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923407/nets-1hd-study-protocol-for-development-of-a-core-outcome-set-for-use-in-determining-the-overall-success-of-hirschsprung-s-disease-treatment
#4
Benjamin Allin, Timothy Bradnock, Simon Kenny, Gregor Walker, Marian Knight
BACKGROUND: Use of core outcome sets in research has been proposed as a method for countering the problems caused by heterogeneity of outcome measure reporting. Heterogeneity of outcome measure reporting occurs in Hirschsprung's disease (HD) research and is limiting the development of a robust evidence base to support clinical practice. METHODS: Candidate outcome measures have been identified through a systematic review. These outcome measures will form the starting point for a three-phase online Delphi process to be carried out in parallel by three panels of experts...
December 7, 2016: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919640/the-french-human-biomonitoring-program-first-lessons-from-the-perinatal-component-and-future-needs
#5
Clémentine Dereumeaux, Clémence Fillol, Marie-Aline Charles, Sébastien Denys
This paper presents a progress report of the French human biomonitoring (HBM) program established in 2010. This program has been designed to provide a national representative estimation of the French population's exposure to various environmental chemicals and to study the determinants of exposure. This program currently consists in two surveys: a perinatal component related to a selection of 4145 pregnant women who have been enrolled in the Elfe cohort (the French Longitudinal Study since Childhood) in 2011, and a general population survey related to adults aged 18-74 years and children as from 6 years (Esteban)...
November 17, 2016: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919257/global-priorities-for-research-and-the-relative-importance-of-different-research-outcomes-an-international-delphi-survey-of-malaria-research-experts
#6
Jo-Ann Mulligan, Lesong Conteh
BACKGROUND: As global research investment increases, attention inevitably turns to assessing and measuring the outcomes and impact from research programmes. Research can have many different outcomes such as producing advances in scientific knowledge, building research capacity and, ultimately, health and broader societal benefits. The aim of this study was to test the use of a Delphi methodology as a way of gathering views from malaria research experts on research priorities and eliciting relative valuations of the different types of health research impact...
December 6, 2016: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913152/development-and-validation-of-an-objective-scoring-tool-for-robot-assisted-radical-prostatectomy-prostatectomy-assessment-and-competency-evaluation-pace
#7
Ahmed A Hussein, Khurshid R Ghani, James Peabody, Richard Sarle, Ronney Abaza, Daniel Eun, Jim Hu, Michael Fumo, Brian Lane, Jeffrey Montgomery, Nobuyuki Hinata, Deborah Rooney, Bryan Comstock, Hei Kit Chan, Sridhar S Mane, James L Mohler, Gregory Wilding, David Miller, Khurshid A Guru
INTRODUCTION: and Background: Comprehensive training and skill acquisition by urologic surgeons are vital to optimize surgical outcomes and patient safety. We sought to develop and validate an objective and procedure specific tool to assess the quality of robot-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP)-Prostatectomy Assessment and Competence Evaluation (PACE) METHODS: Development and content validation of PACE was performed by deconstruction of RARP into seven key domains utilizing the Delphi methodology...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913069/otolaryngology-sleep-medicine-curriculum-objectives-as-determined-by-sleep-experts
#8
Nathan Cass, Alan Kominsky, Cristina Cabrera-Muffly
PURPOSE: (1) Ascertain the most important concepts and topics for otolaryngology resident education in sleep medicine and surgery, as determined by faculty who teach sleep medicine to otolaryngology residents. (2) Create learning objectives within the area of otolaryngologic sleep medicine in order to design a sleep medicine curriculum for otolaryngology residents. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two web-based surveys were sent to 163 academic otolaryngologists who teach sleep medicine...
November 23, 2016: American Journal of Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908543/from-the-medical-board-of-the-national-psoriasis-foundation-treatment-targets-for-plaque-psoriasis
#9
April W Armstrong, Michael P Siegel, Jerry Bagel, Erin E Boh, Megan Buell, Kevin D Cooper, Kristina Callis Duffin, Lawrence F Eichenfield, Amit Garg, Joel M Gelfand, Alice B Gottlieb, John Y M Koo, Neil J Korman, Gerald G Krueger, Mark G Lebwohl, Craig L Leonardi, Arthur M Mandelin, M Alan Menter, Joseph F Merola, David M Pariser, Ronald B Prussick, Caitriona Ryan, Kara N Shah, Jeffrey M Weinberg, MaryJane O U Williams, Jashin J Wu, Paul S Yamauchi, Abby S Van Voorhees
BACKGROUND: An urgent need exists in the United States to establish treatment goals in psoriasis. OBJECTIVE: We aim to establish defined treatment targets toward which clinicians and patients with psoriasis can strive to inform treatment decisions, reduce disease burden, and improve outcomes in practice. METHODS: The National Psoriasis Foundation conducted a consensus-building study among psoriasis experts using the Delphi method. The process consisted of: (1) literature review, (2) pre-Delphi question selection and input from general dermatologists and patients, and (3) 4 Delphi rounds...
November 22, 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904557/the-expected-results-of-faculty-development-programs-in-medical-professionalism-from-the-viewpoint-of-medical-education-experts
#10
Nikoo Yamani, Mahsa Shakour, Alireza Yousefi
BACKGROUND: Despite the great emphasis on teaching professionalism in universities, creating changes in one's professional behavior is a serious challenge in medical education. In this regard, one cannot ignore the role of faculty members. The present study was set to investigate the opinions of medical education experts about the expected results of faculty development programs regarding teaching and learning professionalism. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was carried out in two phases including content analysis study and Delphi...
2016: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898680/a-core-outcome-set-for-the-benefits-and-adverse-events-of-bariatric-and-metabolic-surgery-the-bariact-project
#11
Karen D Coulman, James Hopkins, Sara T Brookes, Katy Chalmers, Barry Main, Amanda Owen-Smith, Robert C Andrews, James Byrne, Jenny L Donovan, Graziella Mazza, Barnaby C Reeves, Chris A Rogers, Janice L Thompson, Richard Welbourn, Sarah Wordsworth, Jane M Blazeby
BACKGROUND: Bariatric and metabolic surgery is used as a treatment for patients with severe and complex obesity. However, there is a need to improve outcome selection and reporting in bariatric surgery trials. A Core Outcome Set (COS), an agreed minimum set of outcomes reported in all studies of a specific condition, may achieve this. Here, we present the development of a COS for BARIAtric and metabolic surgery Clinical Trials-the BARIACT Study. METHODS AND FINDINGS: Outcomes identified from systematic reviews and patient interviews informed a questionnaire survey...
November 2016: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896145/interprofessional-multiple-step-simulation-course-improves-pediatric-resident-and-nursing-staff-management-of-pediatric-patients-with-diabetic-ketoacidosis
#12
Linnea M Larson-Williams, Amber Q Youngblood, Dawn Taylor Peterson, J Lynn Zinkan, Marjorie L White, Hussein Abdul-Latif, Leen Matalka, Stephen N Epps, Nancy M Tofil
AIM: To investigate the use of a multidisciplinary, longitudinal simulation to educate pediatric residents and nurses on management of pediatric diabetic ketoacidosis. METHODS: A multidisciplinary, multiple step simulation course was developed by faculty and staff using a modified Delphi method from the Pediatric Simulation Center and pediatric endocrinology department. Effectiveness of the simulation for the residents was measured with a pre- and post-test and a reference group not exposed to simulation...
November 4, 2016: World Journal of Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892996/technique-standards-for-skin-lesion-imaging-a-delphi-consensus-statement
#13
Chinmayee Katragadda, Anna Finnane, H Peter Soyer, Ashfaq A Marghoob, Allan Halpern, Josep Malvehy, Harald Kittler, Rainer Hofmann-Wellenhof, Dennis Da Silva, Ivo Abraham, Clara Curiel-Lewandrowski
Importance: Variability in the metrics for image acquisition at the total body, regional, close-up, and dermoscopic levels impacts the quality and generalizability of skin images. Consensus guidelines are indicated to achieve universal imaging standards in dermatology. Objective: To achieve consensus among members of the International Skin Imaging Collaboration (ISIC) on standards for image acquisition metrics using a hybrid Delphi method. Evidence Review: Delphi study with 5 rounds of ratings and revisions until relative consensus was achieved...
November 23, 2016: JAMA Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887703/the-delphi-method-a-tool-to-support-injury-control-and-trauma-care-policy
#14
EDITORIAL
Ed van Beeck
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 10, 2016: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27877126/recommendations-for-the-use-of-ict-in-elderly-populations-with-affective-disorders
#15
Auriane Gros, David Bensamoun, Valeria Manera, Roxane Fabre, Anne-Marie Zacconi-Cauvin, Susanne Thummler, Michel Benoit, Philippe Robert, Renaud David
Objective: Affective disorders are frequently encountered among elderly populations, and the use of information and communication technologies (ICT) could provide an added value for their recognition and assessment in addition to current clinical methods. The diversity and lack of consensus in the emerging field of ICTs is however a strong limitation for their global use in daily practice. The aim of the present article is to provide recommendations for the use of ICTs for the assessment and management of affective disorders among elderly populations with or without dementia...
2016: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27860117/development-of-a-core-outcome-set-for-epilepsy-in-pregnancy-e-core-a-national-multi-stakeholder-modified-delphi-consensus-study
#16
B H Al Wattar, K Tamilselvan, R Khan, A Kelso, A Sinha, A M Pirie, D McCorry, K S Khan, S Thangaratinam
OBJECTIVE: To develop a set of core outcomes for studies on pregnant women with epilepsy. DESIGN: Delphi consensus study. POPULATION: Healthcare professionals, and patient representatives with lived experience of epilepsy in the UK. METHODS: We used a modified Delphi method and a consultation meeting to achieve consensus. Potential outcomes were identified by systematic review, and were scored using a Likert scale anchored between 1 (least important) and 5 (most important)...
November 16, 2016: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855830/clinical-documentation-of-dental-care-in-an-era-of-electronic-health-record-use
#17
Oluwabunmi Tokede, Rachel B Ramoni, Michael Patton, John D Da Silva, Elsbeth Kalenderian
BACKGROUND: Although complete and accurate clinical records do not guarantee the provision of excellent dental care, they do provide an opportunity to evaluate the quality of care provided. However, a lack of universally accepted documentation standards, incomplete record-keeping practices, and unfriendly electronic health care record (EHR) user interfaces are factors that have allowed for persistent poor dental patient record keeping. METHODS: Using 2 different methods-a validated survey, and a 2-round Delphi process-involving 2 appropriately different sets of participants, we explored what a dental clinical record should contain and the frequency of update of each clinical entry...
September 2016: Journal of Evidence-based Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852397/-the-study-of-establishment-of-the-chinese-provincial-blindness-prevention-technical-guidance-group-performance-evaluation-system
#18
L N Lu, X G He, J F Zhu, X Xu, R Zhang, X Hu, H D Zou
Objective: To establish an assessment system, including indexes and scoring methods, that can be used for performance evaluation of the provincial blindness prevention technical guidance group properly and effectively . Methods: The indexes and scoring methods were set based on the core content of The " National Plan of Prevention and Treatment of Blindness (2012-2015)" , the specific requirement and target of the World Health Organization (WHO) "For the General Eye Health: Global plan of Action (2014-2019)" , and the current situation of the China's provinces and autonomous regions...
November 11, 2016: [Zhonghua Yan Ke za Zhi] Chinese Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852184/factors-associated-with-quality-of-care-for-patients-with-pancreatic-cancer-in-australia
#19
Elizabeth A Burmeister, Dianne L O'Connell, Susan J Jordan, David Goldstein, Neil Merrett, David K Wyld, Vanessa L Beesley, Helen M Gooden, Monika Janda, Rachel E Neale
OBJECTIVES: To develop a composite score for the quality of care for patients with pancreatic cancer in Australia; to determine whether it was affected by patient and health service-related factors; to assess whether the score and survival were correlated. DESIGN, PARTICIPANTS AND SETTING: We reviewed medical records of patients diagnosed with pancreatic cancer during July 2009 - June 2011 and notified to the Queensland and New South Wales cancer registries. DESIGN AND MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Participants were allocated proportional quality of care scores based on indicators derived from a Delphi process, ranging from 0 (lowest) to 1 (highest quality care)...
November 21, 2016: Medical Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846889/using-expert-decision-making-to-establish-indicators-of-urban-friendliness-for-walking-environments-a-multidisciplinary-assessment
#20
Yen-Cheng Chiang, Han-Yu Lei
BACKGROUND: Numerous studies have suggested that friendly walking environments positively affect physical activity and health. Creating friendly walking environments in urban areas is a complex and wide-ranging topic, and no study has yet established a set of assessment indicators by drawing on the expertise of various disciplines. This study uses a multiple-criteria decision-making technique to elucidate the environmental factors that affect the friendliness of the walking environment...
November 15, 2016: International Journal of Health Geographics
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