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Delphi consensus

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441684/development-of-consensus-based-best-practice-guidelines-for-postoperative-care-following-posterior-spinal-fusion-for-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis
#1
Nicholas D Fletcher, Michael P Glotzbecker, Michelle Marks, Peter O Newton
STUDY DESIGN: Delphi process with multiple iterative rounds using a nominal group technique. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to use expert opinion to achieve consensus on various aspects of postoperative care following posterior spinal fusion (PSF) for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Significant variability exists in postoperative care following PSF for AIS, despite a relatively healthy patient population and continuously improving operative techniques...
May 1, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439355/using-the-entrustable-professional-activities-framework-in-the-assessment-of-procedural-skills
#2
Debra Pugh, Rodrigo B Cavalcanti, Samantha Halman, Irene W Y Ma, Maria Mylopoulos, David Shanks, Lynfa Stroud
BACKGROUND: The entrustable professional activity (EPA) framework has been identified as a useful approach to assessment in competency-based education. To apply an EPA framework for assessment, essential skills necessary for entrustment to occur must first be identified. OBJECTIVE: Using an EPA framework, our study sought to (1) define the essential skills required for entrustment for 7 bedside procedures expected of graduates of Canadian internal medicine (IM) residency programs, and (2) develop rubrics for the assessment of these procedural skills...
April 2017: Journal of Graduate Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435344/development-of-performance-and-error-metrics-for-ultrasound-guided-axillary-brachial-plexus-block
#3
Osman M Ahmed, Brian D O'Donnell, Anthony G Gallagher, George D Shorten
PURPOSE: Change in the landscape of medical education coupled with a paradigm shift toward outcome-based training mandates the trainee to demonstrate specific predefined performance benchmarks in order to progress through training. A valid and reliable assessment tool is a prerequisite for this process. The objective of this study was to characterize ultrasound-guided axillary brachial plexus block to develop performance and error metrics and to verify face and content validity using a modified Delphi method...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434926/scoping-review-to-develop-common-data-elements-for-lumbar-spinal-stenosis
#4
Allen Heinemann, Jason Raad, Venu Akuthota, Neil Segal, Kristian P Nitsch, Monica Rho, Leighton Chan, Ellen Casey, Joel Press, Gwendolyn Sowa, Jennifer Moore
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Common Data Elements (CDE) represent an important tool for understanding and classifying health outcomes across settings. While CDE's have been developed for a number of disorders, to date CDEs for Lumbar Spinal Stenosis (LSS) have not been fully developed. To facilitate the identification of CDEs and measures to assess them, this technical study leverages The International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF), peer-reviewed research, and a panel of experts to identify CDEs specific to LSS...
April 18, 2017: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431476/a-consensus-statement-for-the-clinical-use-of-the-renal-sodium-glucose-co-transporter-2-inhibitor-dapagliflozin-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#5
A Avogaro, A Giaccari, P Fioretto, S Genovese, F Purrello, F Giorgino, S Del Prato
The present review developed a clinical consensus based on a Delphi method on Dapagliflozin, a selective inhibitor of the renal sodium-glucose co-transporter-2 (SGLT2-I) in the treatment of patients with Type 2 diabetes mellitus. Areas covered: Panel members, using a 5-point scale, were asked to rate 9 statements on pharmakodinamic, mode of action on glycaemic and extra-glycaemic effects, and safety of dapaglifozin, Members also aimed to identify the patient most susceptible to the treatment with dapagliflozin ...
April 21, 2017: Expert Review of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427762/multidisciplinary-management-of-head-and-neck-cancer-first-expert-consensus-using-delphi-methodology-from-the-spanish-society-for-head-and-neck-cancer-part-2
#6
REVIEW
A Rueda, J Giralt, M Mañós, A Lozano, A Sistiaga, E García-Miragall, J Cacicedo, F Esteban, B Scola, J Contreras, A Ruiz, A Carral, G González-Aniceto, M Pastor, J J Herranz, M Bernal, R Mesía
Head and neck cancer is one of the most frequent malignances worldwide. Despite the site-specific multimodality therapy, up to half of the patients will develop recurrence. Treatment selection based on a multidisciplinary tumor board represents the cornerstone of head and neck cancer, as it is essential for achieving the best results, not only in terms of outcome, but also in terms of organ-function preservation and quality of life. Evidence-based international and national clinical practice guidelines for head and neck cancer not always provide answers in terms of decision-making that specialists have to deal with in their daily practice...
April 17, 2017: Oral Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427761/multidisciplinary-management-of-head-and-neck-cancer-first-expert-consensus-using-delphi-methodology-from-the-spanish-society-for-head-and-neck-cancer-part-1
#7
REVIEW
M Mañós, J Giralt, A Rueda, J Cabrera, J Martinez-Trufero, J Marruecos, A Lopez-Pousa, J P Rodrigo, B Castelo, J Martínez-Galán, F Arias, M Chaves, J J Herranz, V Arrazubi, N Baste, A Castro, R Mesía
Head and neck cancer is one of the most frequent malignances worldwide. Despite the site-specific multimodality therapy, up to half of the patients will develop recurrence. Treatment selection based on a multidisciplinary tumor board represents the cornerstone of head and neck cancer, as it is essential for achieving the best results, not only in terms of outcome, but also in terms of organ-function preservation and quality of life. Evidence-based international and national clinical practice guidelines for head and neck cancer not always provide answers in terms of decision-making that specialists must deal with in their daily practice...
April 17, 2017: Oral Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425373/calm-child-programme
#8
Ereny Gobrial, Raghu Raghavan
Children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and intellectual disabilities (IDs) are more vulnerable to experiencing anxiety disorders. Parental involvement in intervention is crucial for successful management of the interventions in the population of people with ASDs. This article describes the design and evaluation of parenting programme for anxiety disorders in children and young people with ASD and ID. In phase 1 semi-structured interviews were conducted to explore management strategies for anxiety at home and in school settings...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Intellectual Disabilities: JOID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423461/attributes-of-the-complete-dental-record
#9
Kate J Amos, Deborah J Cockrell, Claire Palermo, Samuel Rosehill, Margaret Bearman
BACKGROUND: Adherence to the Dental Board of Australia Guidelines on dental records is not universal and remediation of deficient practice requires clarity in the practical application of standards. The aim of this research is to clarify practical requirements of dental record keeping in New South Wales. METHODS: Seventeen experts were invited to participate in an electronically administered series of Delphi questionnaires. Concepts were refined until consensus was reached...
April 19, 2017: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419394/use-of-corticosteroids-in-the-treatment-of-patients-with-diabetic-macular-edema-who-have-a-suboptimal-response-to-anti-vegf-recommendations-of-an-expert-panel
#10
Carl D Regillo, David G Callanan, Diana V Do, Howard F Fine, Nancy M Holekamp, Baruch D Kuppermann, Michael A Singer, Rishi P Singh
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Guidance on the use of corticosteroids in the treatment of diabetic macular edema (DME) is lacking. This study aimed to develop a clinically recommended treatment paradigm for DME with emphasis on the role of corticosteroids. PATIENTS AND METHODS: An expert panel of nine retinal specialists in the United States developed consensus recommendations for DME treatment through a modified Delphi process. RESULTS: The panelists typically use intravitreal injections of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) antagonists as first-line treatment of DME and switch patients with an inadequate response to anti-VEGF therapy (failure of best-corrected visual acuity to improve to 20/40 or better because of edema after three to six monthly injections, or a less-than-50% reduction in excess macular thickness after three to four monthly injections) to intravitreal corticosteroid treatment...
April 1, 2017: Ophthalmic Surgery, Lasers & Imaging Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418265/global-health-resource-utilization-associated-with-pacemaker-complications
#11
Catherine Waweru, Anna Steenrod, Claudia Wolff, Simon Eggington, David Jay Wright, Kathleen W Wyrwich
AIM: To estimate health resource utilization (HRU) associated with the management of pacemaker complications in various healthcare systems. METHODS: Electrophysiologists (EPs) from four geographical regions (Western Europe, Australia, Japan, and North America) were invited to participate. Survey questions focused on HRU in the management of three chronic pacemaker complications (i.e., pacemaker infections requiring extraction, lead fractures/insulation breaches requiring replacement, and upper extremity deep venous thrombosis [DVT])...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Medical Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417229/a-research-agenda-for-the-european-association-for-endoscopic-surgeons-eaes
#12
Nader Francis, Airazat M Kazaryan, Andrea Pietrabissa, David Goitein, Eugenia Yiannakopoulou, Ferdinando Agresta, Igor Khatkov, Svend Schulze, Tan Arulampalam, Victor Tomulescu, Young-Woo Kim, Eduardo Mª Targarona, Giovanni Zaninotto
INTRODUCTION: The European Association of Endoscopic Surgeons (EAES) conducted this study aiming to identify the top research questions which are relevant to surgeons in Minimal Access Surgery (MAS). This is in order to promote and link research questions to the current clinical practice in MAS in Europe. METHODS: Using a systematic methodology, (modified Delphi), the EAES members and leadership teams were surveyed to obtain consensus on the top research priorities in MAS...
April 17, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416363/-adequacy-of-treatment-for-osteoporosis-in-primary-prevention-quantitative-and-qualitative-study
#13
Cristina Vedia Urgell, Mireia Massot Mesquida, Roser Valles Fernandez, Juan Antonio Garcia Vicente, Alicia Franzi Siso, Laura Muñoz Ortiz, Laia Vilaró Jaques, Maite Bosch Peligero
OBJECTIVE: Quantitative study: To assess the prevalence of inadequacy of treatment for osteoporosis in primary prevention (OPP) in women aged 60-74years. Qualitative study: To evaluate the diagnostic and treatment criteria of the OPP and it's variability in primary care physicians (PC) and specialists. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Quantitative study: observational, cross-sectional and retrospective study. POPULATION: women aged 60-74years with active treatment for OPP (n=424) in May 2012...
April 14, 2017: Atencion Primaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413629/american-society-for-enhanced-recovery-aser-and-perioperative-quality-initiative-poqi-joint-consensus-statement-on-optimal-analgesia-within-an-enhanced-recovery-pathway-for-colorectal-surgery-part-1-from-the-preoperative-period-to-pacu
#14
Matthew D McEvoy, Michael J Scott, Debra B Gordon, Stuart A Grant, Julie K M Thacker, Christopher L Wu, Tong J Gan, Monty G Mythen, Andrew D Shaw, Timothy E Miller
BACKGROUND: Within an enhanced recovery pathway (ERP), the approach to treating pain should be multifaceted and the goal should be to deliver "optimal analgesia," which we define in this paper as a technique that optimizes patient comfort and facilitates functional recovery with the fewest medication side effects. METHODS: With input from a multi-disciplinary, international group of clinicians, and through a structured review of the literature and use of a modified Delphi method, we achieved consensus surrounding the topic of optimal analgesia in the perioperative period for colorectal surgery patients...
2017: Perioperative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413628/american-society-for-enhanced-recovery-aser-and-perioperative-quality-initiative-poqi-joint-consensus-statement-on-optimal-analgesia-within-an-enhanced-recovery-pathway-for-colorectal-surgery-part-2-from-pacu-to-the-transition-home
#15
Michael J Scott, Matthew D McEvoy, Debra B Gordon, Stuart A Grant, Julie K M Thacker, Christopher L Wu, Tong J Gan, Monty G Mythen, Andrew D Shaw, Timothy E Miller
BACKGROUND: Within an enhanced recovery pathway (ERP), the approach to treating pain should be multifaceted and the goal should be to deliver "optimal analgesia", which we define in this paper as a technique that optimizes patient comfort and facilitates functional recovery with the fewest medication side effects. METHODS: With input from a multidisciplinary, international group of experts and through a structured review of the literature and use of a modified Delphi method, we achieved consensus surrounding the topic of optimal analgesia in the perioperative period for colorectal surgery patients...
2017: Perioperative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413079/mexican-consensus-on-dyspepsia
#16
R Carmona-Sánchez, O Gómez-Escudero, M Zavala-Solares, M V Bielsa-Fernández, E Coss-Adame, A I Hernández-Guerrero, F Huerta-Iga, M E Icaza-Chávez, M A Lira-Pedrín, J A Lizárraga-López, A López-Colombo, A Noble-Lugo, J Pérez-Manauta, R H Raña-Garibay, J M Remes-Troche, J L Tamayo, L F Uscanga, F Zamarripa-Dorsey, M A Valdovinos Díaz, J A Velarde-Ruiz Velasco
Since the publication of the 2007 dyspepsia guidelines of the Asociación Mexicana de Gastroenterología, there have been significant advances in the knowledge of this disease. A systematic search of the literature in PubMed (01/2007 to 06/2016) was carried out to review and update the 2007 guidelines and to provide new evidence-based recommendations. All high-quality articles in Spanish and English were included. Statements were formulated and voted upon using the Delphi method. The level of evidence and strength of recommendation of each statement were established according to the GRADE system...
April 13, 2017: Revista de Gastroenterología de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410247/ce-original-research-creating-an-evidence-based-progression-for-clinical-advancement-programs
#17
Kathleen G Burke, Tonya Johnson, Christine Sites, Jane Barnsteiner
Findings on the developmental progression of eight nursing competencies and related knowledge, skill, and attitudes. ABSTRACT: Background: The Institute of Medicine (IOM) and the Quality and Safety Education for Nurses (QSEN) project have identified six nursing competencies and supported their integration into undergraduate and graduate nursing curricula nationwide. But integration of those competencies into clinical practice has been limited, and evidence for the progression of competency proficiency within clinical advancement programs is scant...
April 13, 2017: American Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409213/a-core-outcome-set-for-studies-evaluating-the-effectiveness-of-prepregnancy-care-for-women-with-pregestational-diabetes
#18
Aoife M Egan, Sander Galjaard, Michael J A Maresh, Mary R Loeken, Angela Napoli, Eleni Anastasiou, Eoin Noctor, Harold W de Valk, Mireille van Poppel, Marie Todd, Valerie Smith, Declan Devane, Fidelma P Dunne
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: The aim of this study was to develop a core outcome set (COS) for trials and other studies evaluating the effectiveness of prepregnancy care for women with pregestational (pre-existing) diabetes mellitus. METHODS: A systematic literature review was completed to identify all outcomes reported in prior studies in this area. Key stakeholders then prioritised these outcomes using a Delphi study. The list of outcomes included in the final COS were finalised at a face-to-face consensus meeting...
April 13, 2017: Diabetologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409171/determinants-of-social-accountability-in-iranian-nursing-and-midwifery-schools-a-delphi-study
#19
Amir Reza Salehmoghaddam, Seyed Reza Mazloom, Mohammad Sharafkhani, Hassan Gholami, Amir Emami Zeydi, Fatemeh Khorashadizadeh, Ali Emadzadeh
BACKGROUND: Revising the medical education programs to meet the needs of society has become both a necessity and an important priority due to the considerable increase of population, changing patterns of diseases, and new health priorities. While this necessity has been highlighted in Iran's Fifth Development Plan as well as its National 2025 Vision Plan, the determinants of social accountability have not been explained yet. This study aimed to develop determinants of social accountability in the Iranian Nursing and Midwifery Schools...
April 2017: International Journal of Community Based Nursing and Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408054/radiation-therapy-quality-indicators-for-invasive-breast-cancer
#20
Lara Best, Catherine de Metz, Ivo A Olivotto, Isabelle Roy, Tim Whelan, Julie Arsenault, Michael Brundage
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Radiation therapy (RT) for breast cancer has evolved considerably over the past two decades. A concise list of optimal care indexes is lacking. The purpose of this project was to generate a suite of quality of care indicators for breast cancer RT. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A modified Delphi approach was used including a comprehensive literature and guideline review (1995-2015), an initial review of potential quality indicators (QIs) by a steering committee, a survey of Canadian Radiation Oncologists, and a face-to-face consensus development meeting with breast cancer experts to develop a list of breast RT quality indicators...
April 10, 2017: Radiotherapy and Oncology: Journal of the European Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology
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