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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29865898/effectiveness-of-a-weekend-physiotherapy-service-on-short-term-outcomes-following-hip-and-knee-joint-replacement-surgery-a-quasi-experimental-study
#1
Romi Haas, Lisa O'Brien, Kelly-Ann Bowles, Terry Haines
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of an acute weekend physiotherapy service compared to no physiotherapy service on short-term outcomes following lower limb joint replacement. DESIGN: Pre-post intervention (quasi-experimental) study nested within two stepped-wedge cluster randomized controlled trials. SETTING: Public tertiary hospital in Melbourne, Australia. SUBJECTS: Consecutive patients undergoing hip and knee replacement...
June 1, 2018: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741468/kinematic-parameters-contributing-to-the-production-of-spin-in-elite-finger-spin-bowling
#2
L Sanders, P J Felton, M A King
The aim of this study was to identify the key kinematic parameters which contribute to higher spin rates in elite finger spin bowling. Kinematic data were collected for twenty-three elite male finger spin bowlers with thirty kinematic parameters calculated for each delivery. Stepwise linear regression and Pearson product moment correlations were used to identify kinematic parameters linked to spin rate. Pelvis orientation at front foot contact (r = 0.674, p < 0.001) and ball release (r = 0.676, p < 0...
May 9, 2018: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666603/long-term-factors-associated-with-falls-and-fractures-poststroke
#3
Emma J Foster, Raphae S Barlas, Joao H Bettencourt-Silva, Allan B Clark, Anthony K Metcalf, Kristian M Bowles, John F Potter, Phyo K Myint
Background: Risk factors for poststroke falls and fractures remain poorly understood. This study aimed to evaluate which factors increased risk of these events after stroke. Methods: Data from 7,267 hospitalized stroke patients were acquired from the Norfolk and Norwich University Hospital Stroke Register from 2003-2015. The impacts of multiple patient level and stroke characteristics and comorbidities on post-discharge falls and fractures were assessed. Univariate and multivariable models were constructed, adjusting for multiple confounders, using binary logistic regression for short-term analysis (up to 1-year post-discharge) and Cox-proportional hazard models for longer term analysis (1-3, 3-5, and 0-10 years follow-up)...
2018: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29575840/-analysis-of-17-cases-underwent-laparoscopic-rectal-cancer-surgery-with-transanal-natural-orifice-specimen-extraction-and-resection
#4
H T Zhou, H Su, Z X Zhou, Q Liu, J W Liang, Y Shan, W Pei, Z Wang, P Wang, L Shi, X S Wang
Objective: To study the feasibility, safety and short-term efficacy of total laparoscopic rectal cancer surgery with transanal natural orifice specimen extraction and resection. Methods: From May 2014 to March 2016, 17 patients with rectal carcinoma were treated by total laparoscopic rectal cancer surgery with transanal natural orifice specimen extraction and resection. The clinical data of these patients was collected and retrospectively analyzed to assess the impact of the operation on postoperative recovery time and the incidence of complications...
March 23, 2018: Zhonghua Zhong Liu za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Oncology]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29469587/simulational-fluency-reduces-feelings-of-psychological-distance
#5
Kellen Mrkva, Mark Travers, Leaf Van Boven
Why do some events feel "like yesterday" whereas others feel "ages away"? Past research has identified cues that influence people's estimates of distance in units such as how many miles or days away events are from the self. However, what makes events feel psychologically close or distant? We examine the hypothesis that increased simulational fluency, the ease with which people mentally imagine events, makes events feel psychologically close. Simulational fluency was associated with feelings that multiple past and future holidays were psychologically close (Studies 1a and 1b)...
March 2018: Journal of Experimental Psychology. General
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316024/fully-automated-segmentation-of-the-left-ventricle-in-cine-cardiac-mri-using-neural-network-regression
#6
Li Kuo Tan, Robert A McLaughlin, Einly Lim, Yang Faridah Abdul Aziz, Yih Miin Liew
BACKGROUND: Left ventricle (LV) structure and functions are the primary assessment performed in most clinical cardiac MRI protocols. Fully automated LV segmentation might improve the efficiency and reproducibility of clinical assessment. PURPOSE: To develop and validate a fully automated neural network regression-based algorithm for segmentation of the LV in cardiac MRI, with full coverage from apex to base across all cardiac phases, utilizing both short axis (SA) and long axis (LA) scans...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging: JMRI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273608/topiramate-in-the-treatment-of-cocaine-use-disorder
#7
Valerie Prince, Kellie C Bowling
PURPOSE: The literature on topiramate use in cocaine-dependent patients was reviewed. SUMMARY: Six randomized, double-blind, controlled clinical trials evaluating the use of topiramate in patients who were cocaine dependent were analyzed. The results from the studies indicated that topiramate, when used in combination with cognitive behavioral therapy, may be effective in reducing short-term cocaine use and should be considered as a possible treatment option. Other trials suggested that topiramate was not effective in patients with a dual diagnosis of opioid and cocaine dependence...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166361/the-impact-of-hepatectomy-time-of-the-liver-graft-on-post-transplant-outcome-a-eurotransplant-cohort-study
#8
Ina Jochmans, Steffen Fieuws, Ineke Tieken, Undine Samuel, Jacques Pirenne
OBJECTIVE: Assessing the effect of donor hepatectomy time on outcome after transplantation. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: When blood supply in a deceased organ donor stops, ischemic injury starts. Livers are cooled to reduce cellular metabolism and minimize ischemic injury. This cooling is slow and livers are lukewarm during hepatectomy, potentially affecting outcome. METHODS: We used the Eurotransplant Registry to investigate the relationship between donor hepatectomy time and post-transplant outcome in 12,974 recipients of deceased-donor livers (January 1, 2004, to December 31, 2013)...
November 21, 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148706/porous-carbon-with-willow-leaf-shaped-pores-for-high-performance-supercapacitors
#9
Yanhong Shi, Linlin Zhang, Tyler B Schon, Huanhuan Li, Chaoying Fan, Xiaoying Li, Haifeng Wang, Xinglong Wu, Haiming Xie, Haizhu Sun, Dwight S Seferos, Jingping Zhang
A novel kind of biomass-derived, high-oxygen-containing carbon material doped with nitrogen that has willow-leaf-shaped pores was synthesized. The obtained carbon material has an exotic hierarchical pore structure composed of bowl-shaped macropores, willow-leaf-shaped pores, and an abundance of micropores. This unique hierarchical porous structure provides an effective combination of high current densities and high capacitance because of a pseudocapacitive component that is afforded by the introduction of nitrogen and oxygen dopants...
December 13, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147835/automatic-localization-of-the-left-ventricular-blood-pool-centroid-in-short-axis-cardiac-cine-mr-images
#10
Li Kuo Tan, Yih Miin Liew, Einly Lim, Yang Faridah Abdul Aziz, Kok Han Chee, Robert A McLaughlin
In this paper, we develop and validate an open source, fully automatic algorithm to localize the left ventricular (LV) blood pool centroid in short axis cardiac cine MR images, enabling follow-on automated LV segmentation algorithms. The algorithm comprises four steps: (i) quantify motion to determine an initial region of interest surrounding the heart, (ii) identify potential 2D objects of interest using an intensity-based segmentation, (iii) assess contraction/expansion, circularity, and proximity to lung tissue to score all objects of interest in terms of their likelihood of constituting part of the LV, and (iv) aggregate the objects into connected groups and construct the final LV blood pool volume and centroid...
November 17, 2017: Medical & Biological Engineering & Computing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29057634/a-history-of-falls-is-associated-with-a-significant-increase-in-acute-mortality-in-women-after-stroke
#11
Emma J Foster, Raphae S Barlas, Adrian D Wood, Joao H Bettencourt-Silva, Allan B Clark, Anthony K Metcalf, Kristian M Bowles, John F Potter, Phyo K Myint
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The risks of falls and fractures increase after stroke. Little is known about the prognostic significance of previous falls and fractures after stroke. This study examined whether having a history of either event is associated with poststroke mortality. METHODS: We analyzed stroke register data collected prospectively between 2003 and 2015. Eight sex-specific models were analyzed, to which the following variables were incrementally added to examine their potential confounding effects: age, type of stroke, Oxfordshire Community Stroke Project classification, previous comorbidities, frailty as indicated by the prestroke modified Rankin Scale score, and acute illness parameters...
October 2017: Journal of Clinical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28961851/comprehensive-genomic-profiles-of-metastatic-and-relapsed-salivary-gland-carcinomas-are-associated-with-tumor-type-and-reveal-new-routes-to-targeted-therapies
#12
J S Ross, L M Gay, K Wang, J-A Vergilio, J Suh, S Ramkissoon, H Somerset, J M Johnson, J Russell, S Ali, A B Schrock, D Fabrizio, G Frampton, V Miller, P J Stephens, J A Elvin, D W Bowles
Background: Relapsed/metastatic salivary gland carcinomas (SGCs) have a wide diversity of histologic subtypes associated with variable clinical aggressiveness and response to local and systemic therapies. We queried whether comprehensive genomic profiling could define the tumor subtypes and uncover clinically relevant genomic alterations, revealing new routes to targeted therapies for patients with relapsed and metastatic disease. Patients and methods: From a series of 85 686 clinical cases, DNA was extracted from 40 µm of formalin-fixed paraffin embedded (FFPE) sections for 623 consecutive SGC...
October 1, 2017: Annals of Oncology: Official Journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28952840/quantifying-cricket-fast-bowling-skill
#13
Simon A Feros, Warren B Young, Brendan J O'Brien
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the current evidence regarding the quantification of cricket fast bowling skill. METHODS: Studies that assessed fast bowling skill (bowling speed and accuracy) were identified from searches in SPORTDiscus (EBSCO) in June 2017. The reference lists of identified papers were also examined for relevant investigations. RESULTS: Sixteen papers matched the inclusion criteria, and discrepancies in assessment procedures were evident...
September 27, 2017: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28862782/mycorrhizal-fungi-enhance-plant-nutrient-acquisition-and-modulate-nitrogen-loss-with-variable-water-regimes
#14
Timothy M Bowles, Louise E Jackson, Timothy R Cavagnaro
Climate change will alter both the amount and pattern of precipitation and soil water availability, which will directly affect plant growth and nutrient acquisition, and potentially, ecosystem functions like nutrient cycling and losses as well. Given their role in facilitating plant nutrient acquisition and water stress resistance, arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungi may modulate the effects of changing water availability on plants and ecosystem functions. The well-characterized mycorrhizal tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L...
January 2018: Global Change Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28834373/adhd-medication-dietary-patterns-physical-activity-and-bmi-in-children-a-longitudinal-analysis-of-the-ecls-k-study
#15
April Bowling, Kirsten Davison, Sebastien Haneuse, William Beardslee, Daniel P Miller
OBJECTIVE: This study examined relationships between attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), stimulant use, and BMI change in a nationally representative cohort of children as well as differences in diet and physical activity that may mediate associations between stimulant use and BMI change. METHODS: By using the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Kindergarten Cohort 1998-1999 (N = 8,250), we modeled BMI and z score change by ADHD and stimulant start time, examined the odds of unhealthy diet and physical activity predicted by ADHD and stimulant use, and performed mediation analysis assessing indirect effects of health behaviors...
October 2017: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599031/foreign-language-short-course-special-operations-clinical-research-fundamentals
#16
REVIEW
Kate Rocklein-Kemplin, F Bowling
When we do not know a language, we are at the mercy of an interpreter. The same is true for research: Special Operations Forces (SOF) clinicians not actively involved in research initiatives may rely on scientific interpreters, so it is important to speak some of the language personally. For any clinician, using evidence in practice requires a working knowledge of how that evidence was generated from research, which requires an understanding of research science language. Here we review common basics of research science to reinforce concepts and elements of experimental and nonexperimental research...
December 0: Journal of Special Operations Medicine: a Peer Reviewed Journal for SOF Medical Professionals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508987/transmission-of-h6n2-wild-bird-origin-influenza-a-virus-among-multiple-bird-species-in-a-stacked-cage-setting
#17
J Jeffrey Root, Susan A Shriner, Jeremy W Ellis, Kaci K VanDalen, Alan B Franklin
Live bird markets are common in certain regions of the U.S. and in other regions of the world. We experimentally tested the ability of a wild bird influenza A virus to transmit from index animals to naïve animals at varying animal densities in stacked cages in a simulated live bird market. Two and six mallards, five and twelve quail, and six and nine pheasants were used in the low-density and high-density stacks of cages, respectively. Transmission did not occur in the high-density stack of cages likely due to the short duration and relatively low levels of shedding, a dominance of oral shedding, and the lack of transmission to other mallards in the index cage...
September 2017: Archives of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508942/-conservative-and-surgical-ileus-treatment
#18
H Listle, C Gutt
The diagnosis ileus is one of the most common indications for an emergency laparotomy. In 70% of the cases, the small intestine is affected, and in 30% it is the colorectum. While stuck hernias are a major cause in developing countries, the most common causes in western countries are postoperative adhesions that lead to an acute bowl obstruction. The timeframe for treatment of a complete mechanical obstruction is short as acute ischemia can lead to necrosis with bowl perforation within 6 h. The perioperative lethality for an emergency laparotomy due to an ileus ranges from 5-15%...
July 2017: Der Chirurg; Zeitschrift Für Alle Gebiete der Operativen Medizen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437634/convolutional-neural-network-regression-for-short-axis-left-ventricle-segmentation-in-cardiac-cine-mr-sequences
#19
Li Kuo Tan, Yih Miin Liew, Einly Lim, Robert A McLaughlin
Automated left ventricular (LV) segmentation is crucial for efficient quantification of cardiac function and morphology to aid subsequent management of cardiac pathologies. In this paper, we parameterize the complete (all short axis slices and phases) LV segmentation task in terms of the radial distances between the LV centerpoint and the endo- and epicardial contours in polar space. We then utilize convolutional neural network regression to infer these parameters. Utilizing parameter regression, as opposed to conventional pixel classification, allows the network to inherently reflect domain-specific physical constraints...
April 12, 2017: Medical Image Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294240/pegylation-corannulene-enhances-response-of-stress-through-promoting-neurogenesis
#20
Xinyu Li, Dandan Sun, Xu Li, Dashuai Zhu, Zhenzhen Jia, Jiajia Jiao, Kai Wang, Deling Kong, Xin Zhao, Lin Xu, Qiang Zhao, Dongyan Chen, Xizeng Feng
Carbon nanomaterials have been used to treat neurodegenerative diseases and neural disorders due to their diverse molecular structures. Corannulene is a three-dimensional π-bowl carbon nanomaterial that is different from planar PAHs, fullerenes and carbon nanotubes, but little is known about its biological functions. Herein, corannulene was functionalized with mPEG-DESP to prepare PEGylation corannulene nanoparticles (PEGylation CoNps). The synthesized PEGylation CoNps shows enhanced solubility and reduced aggregation when compared corannulene...
March 28, 2017: Biomaterials Science
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