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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27547440/association-of-age-with-health-related-quality-of-life-in-a-cohort-of-patients-with-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-the-georgians-organized-against-lupus-study
#1
Laura Plantinga, S Sam Lim, C Barrett Bowling, Cristina Drenkard
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether older age was associated with lower health-related quality of life (HRQOL) among patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and whether differential disease-related damage and activity explained these associations. METHODS: We used cross-sectional data on 684 patients with SLE aged ≥20 years from the Georgians Organized Against Lupus cohort to estimate the associations between age (categorised as 20-39, 40-59 and ≥60 years) and HRQOL (Short Form-12 norm-based domain and physical component summary (PCS) and mental component summary (MCS) scores), using multivariable linear regression...
2016: Lupus Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27309593/latissimus-dorsi-and-teres-major-tendon-avulsions-in-cricketers-a-case-series-and-literature-review
#2
Krishant S Naidu, Trefor James, Andrew H Rotstein, Simon M Balster, Gregory A Hoy
INTRODUCTION: Acute latissimus dorsi tendon injuries are uncommon, having not previously been described in cricketers. The leg spinner's stock ball bowling technique and the fast bowler's back-of-the-hand slow ball, which is used much more widely in T20 cricket, produce a significant eccentric contraction load on the latissimus dorsi muscle. METHODOLOGY: A retrospective review of a case series of acute latissimus dorsi tendon injuries in 3 elite cricketers (2 fast bowlers and a leg-spin bowler)...
June 22, 2016: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27299123/an-isolated-displaced-fracture-of-the-coracoid-process-treated-with-open-reduction-and-internal-fixation-a-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#3
Shreedhar Archik, Saurav Narayan Nanda, Sanjay Tripathi, Ashlesh Choudhari, Harshada Rajadhyaksha
INTRODUCTION: Isolated coracoid fractures are rare and few scattered cases are reported in literature. Coracoid fractures can be missed and the treatment for coracoid process fractures is still controversial. The case presented here is of an isolated coracoid process fracture which was treated surgically. CASE REPORT: A 15-years old male presented after 4 days of injury complaining of persistent pain in the right shoulder following a jerk during bowling. Physical examination revealed tenderness in the left shoulder...
January 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27281196/fission-and-reconfiguration-of-bilobate-comets-as-revealed-by-67p-churyumov-gerasimenko
#4
Masatoshi Hirabayashi, Daniel J Scheeres, Steven R Chesley, Simone Marchi, Jay W McMahon, Jordan Steckloff, Stefano Mottola, Shantanu P Naidu, Timothy Bowling
The solid, central part of a comet--its nucleus--is subject to destructive processes, which cause nuclei to split at a rate of about 0.01 per year per comet. These destructive events are due to a range of possible thermophysical effects; however, the geophysical expressions of these effects are unknown. Separately, over two-thirds of comet nuclei that have been imaged at high resolution show bilobate shapes, including the nucleus of comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko (67P), visited by the Rosetta spacecraft. Analysis of the Rosetta observations suggests that 67P's components were brought together at low speed after their separate formation...
June 16, 2016: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27248509/a-review-of-the-internal-and-external-physiological-demands-associated-with-batting-in-cricket
#5
Aaron T Scanlan, Daniel M Berkelmans, William M Vickery, Crystal O Kean
Cricket is a popular, international team sport with various game formats ranging from long duration multi-day tests to short duration Twenty20 game-play. The role of batsmen is critical to all game formats with differing physiological demands imposed during each format. Investigation of the physiological demands imposed during cricket batting has historically been neglected with much of the research focusing on bowling responses and batting technique. A greater understanding of the physiological demands of the batting role in cricket is required to assist strength and conditioning professionals and coaches with the design of training plans, recovery protocols, and player management strategies...
June 1, 2016: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27189183/controlling-electronic-effects-and-intermolecular-packing-in-contorted-polyaromatic-hydrocarbons-c-pahs-towards-high-mobility-field-effect-transistors
#6
Kalishankar Bhattacharyya, Titas Kumar Mukhopadhyay, Ayan Datta
We have investigated the electronic and charge transport properties of two regioisomeric contorted polyaromatic hydrocarbons at the molecular level as well as in the crystalline state. Electron and hole transport is studied on the basis of an incoherent charge hopping model through DFT calculations. For trifluro-dibenzoperylene (CF3-DBP, ), which crystallizes as a herringbone network, the computed drift hole and electron mobilities are 0.234 and 0.008 cm(2) V(-1) S(-1), respectively. The greater hole mobility in the DBP crystal (μh/μe = 29) can be rationalized by its lower hole reorganization energy and higher hole transfer integral simultaneously...
June 1, 2016: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27166208/short-term-risk-of-serious-fall-injuries-in-older-adults-initiating-and-intensifying-treatment-with-antihypertensive-medication
#7
Daichi Shimbo, C Barrett Bowling, Emily B Levitan, Luqin Deng, John J Sim, Lei Huang, Kristi Reynolds, Paul Muntner
BACKGROUND: Antihypertensive medication use has been associated with an increased risk of falls in some but not all studies. Few data are available on the short-term risk of falls after antihypertensive medication initiation and intensification. METHODS AND RESULTS: We examined the association between initiating and intensifying antihypertensive medication and serious fall injuries in a case-crossover study of 90 127 Medicare beneficiaries who were ≥65 years old and had a serious fall injury between July 1, 2007, and December 31, 2012, based on emergency department and inpatient claims...
May 2016: Circulation. Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27149993/calming-and-focusing-students-perceptions-of-short-classroom-strategies-for-fostering-presence
#8
Debra VanKuiken, Jennifer Bradley, Barbara Harland, Margaret O'Brien King
PURPOSE: Presence is the essence of professional nursing in the nurse-patient connection. Nursing students have little exposure to strategies fostering presence. This pilot study explored students' perceptions of strategies to encourage presence in the classroom. DESIGN: A three-question survey was distributed to students in the last week of classes. Faculty not teaching that course administered the survey. METHOD: Four faculty used strategies aimed at encouraging presence...
May 5, 2016: Journal of Holistic Nursing: Official Journal of the American Holistic Nurses' Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27099381/bet-3-the-efficacy-of-chest-compressions-in-paediatric-traumatic-arrest
#9
Fiona Bowles, Kat Rawlinson
A short-cut review was carried out to establish whether cardiac compressions are beneficial in children in traumatic cardiac arrest. Forty-eight unique papers were found using the reported searches but none were relevant to the clinical question. It is concluded that there is no evidence available to answer the question posed and that local guidelines should be followed.
May 2016: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27014837/flexibility-coexists-with-shape-persistence-in-cyanostar-macrocycles
#10
Yun Liu, Abhishek Singharoy, Christopher G Mayne, Arkajyoti Sengupta, Krishnan Raghavachari, Klaus Schulten, Amar H Flood
Shape-persistent macrocycles are attractive functional targets for synthesis, molecular recognition, and hierarchical self-assembly. Such macrocycles are noncollapsible and geometrically well-defined, and they are traditionally characterized by having repeat units and low conformational flexibility. Here, we find it necessary to refine these ideas in the face of highly flexible yet shape-persistent macrocycles. A molecule is shape-persistent if it has a small change in shape when perturbed by external stimuli (e...
April 13, 2016: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26629351/factors-associated-with-pain-coping-and-catastrophising-in-patients-with-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-a-cross-sectional-study-of-the-lula-cohort
#11
Julia Fischin, Gamal Chehab, Jutta G Richter, Rebecca Fischer-Betz, Borgi Winkler-Rohlfing, Reinhart Willers, Matthias Schneider
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to identify factors associated with pain coping and catastrophising in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus. METHODS: All patients were participants of the lupus erythematosus long-term study, which is based on patient-reported data assessed among members of the German Lupus Erythematosus Self-Help Organization. Assessments were performed by means of a questionnaire. Among self-reported clinical data the Pain-Related Self Statements Scale (PRSS) was included...
2015: Lupus Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26265590/brief-report-a-randomized-controlled-trial-examining-peer-support-and-behavioral-weight-loss-treatment
#12
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Noel Kulik, Susan T Ennett, Dianne S Ward, J Michael Bowling, Edwin B Fisher, Deborah F Tate
Peer support among adolescents has been positively associated with heath behaviors; however, enhancing peer support for weight loss has rarely been studied among adolescents. This study examined whether a peer support training component delivered to enhance a standard weight loss program led to improved outcomes. Forty-one overweight adolescent females were randomly assigned to a Standard or Enhanced Peer Support intervention. The Enhanced group received in person peer support skills training and practiced skills using social networking...
October 2015: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26121141/shared-segment-analysis-and-next-generation-sequencing-implicates-the-retinoic-acid-signaling-pathway-in-total-anomalous-pulmonary-venous-return-tapvr
#13
Dustin Nash, Cammon B Arrington, Brett J Kennedy, Mark Yandell, Wilfred Wu, Wenying Zhang, Stephanie Ware, Lynn B Jorde, Peter J Gruber, H Joseph Yost, Neil E Bowles, Steven B Bleyl
Most isolated congenital heart defects are thought to be sporadic and are often ascribed to multifactorial mechanisms with poorly understood genetics. Total Anomalous Pulmonary Venous Return (TAPVR) occurs in 1 in 15,000 live-born infants and occurs either in isolation or as part of a syndrome involving aberrant left-right development. Previously, we reported causative links between TAVPR and the PDGFRA gene. TAPVR has also been linked to the ANKRD1/CARP genes. However, these genes only explain a small fraction of the heritability of the condition...
2015: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25972410/ileosigmoid-knotting-a-rare-case-report-with-review-of-literature%C3%A2
#14
Mukesh Sangwan, Vijayata Sangwan, M K Garg, Jagdish Mutreja, Deepak Singla, Dinesh Gautam
Ileosigmoid knotting (ISK) is a rare cause of intestinal obstruction in which loops of ileum and sigmoid colon wrap around each other. It is very uncommon in western world when compared with the African and Asian region. It is rapidly a progressive, fatal disease. Early diagnosis and intervention is the key of better outcome. We are reporting a case of 51-year-old male who presented with shock within 24 h of onset of symptoms. Exploratory laparotomy revealed ISK causing gangrene of ileum and sigmoid colon. In view of haemodynamic unstability, end ileostomy was done after excising gangrenous segments...
2015: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25874832/enteral-tube-feeding-in-adults
#15
REVIEW
R Scott, T E Bowling
Enteral tube feeding is usually a relatively straightforward method of nutritional support, and should be facilitated by a multiprofessional team. For short-term use (<4 weeks) a fine bore feeding nasogastric tube is indicated but if longer term feeding is required then a gastrostomy is appropriate, usually inserted endoscopically (a percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy tube). The most common serious complication of a nasogastric tube is not identifying a misplaced tube within the lungs: there are clear recommendations from the National Patient Safety Agency as to how to check tube placement...
March 2015: Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25834046/mechanisms-underlying-encoding-of-short-lived-versus-durable-episodic-memories
#16
Markus H Sneve, Håkon Grydeland, Lars Nyberg, Ben Bowles, Inge K Amlien, Espen Langnes, Kristine B Walhovd, Anders M Fjell
We continuously encounter and process novel events in the surrounding world, but only some episodes will leave detailed memory traces that can be recollected after weeks and months. Here, our aim was to monitor brain activity during encoding of events that eventually transforms into long-term stable memories. Previous functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) studies have shown that the degree of activation of different brain regions during encoding is predictive of later recollection success. However, most of these studies tested participants' memories the same day as encoding occurred, whereas several lines of research suggest that extended post-encoding processing is of crucial importance for long-term consolidation...
April 1, 2015: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25746011/sulphate-in-pregnancy
#17
REVIEW
Paul A Dawson, Aoife Elliott, Francis G Bowling
Sulphate is an obligate nutrient for healthy growth and development. Sulphate conjugation (sulphonation) of proteoglycans maintains the structure and function of tissues. Sulphonation also regulates the bioactivity of steroids, thyroid hormone, bile acids, catecholamines and cholecystokinin, and detoxifies certain xenobiotics and pharmacological drugs. In adults and children, sulphate is obtained from the diet and from the intracellular metabolism of sulphur-containing amino acids. Dietary sulphate intake can vary greatly and is dependent on the type of food consumed and source of drinking water...
March 2015: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25698045/disproportionate-emission-of-bubble-streams-with-killer-whale-biphonic-calls-perspectives-on-production-and-function
#18
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Ann E Bowles, Dawn M Grebner, Whitney B Musser, Juliette S Nash, Jessica L Crance
Stereotyped pulsed calls were attributed to 11 killer whales (Orcinus orca) with and without synchronous bubble streams in three datasets collected from two facilities from 1993 to 2012. Calls with and without synchronous bubble streams and divergent overlapping high frequency components ("biphonic" vs "monophonic") were compared. Subjects produced bubbles significantly more often when calls had divergent high frequency components. However, acoustic features in one biphonic call shared by five subjects provided little evidence for an acoustic effect of synchronous bubble flow...
February 2015: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25652805/ear-for-recovery-protocol-for-a-prospective-study-on-parent-child-communication-and-psychological-recovery-after-paediatric-injury
#19
Eva Alisic, Anna Barrett, Peter Bowles, Franz E Babl, Rowena Conroy, Roderick J McClure, Vicki Anderson, Matthias R Mehl
INTRODUCTION: One in six children who have been admitted to hospital with an injury develop persistent stress symptoms that put their development at risk. Parents play a crucial role in children's psychological recovery, however, it is unknown how specific parenting behaviours can help or hinder. We aim to describe the nature and quantity of parent-child communication after a child has been injured, and to examine how these interactions are related to children's psychological recovery...
2015: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25542530/d-lactic-acidosis-mediated-neuronal-encephalopathy-in-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia-patient-an-under-diagnosis
#20
Damodara Rao Mendu, Martin Fleisher, Samuel I McCash, Melissa S Pessin, Lakshmi V Ramanathan
BACKGROUND: D-lactic acidosis, also referred as D-lactate encephalopathy, has been reported in patients with short bowl syndrome (SBS). CASE REPORT: The neurologic symptoms include altered mental status, slurred speech, and ataxia. Onset of neurological symptoms is accompanied by metabolic acidosis and high anion gap. We present here a case of D-lactic acidosis in a patient with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) who developed severe neurological symptoms and metabolic acidosis due to vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE) infection, and elevated D-lactic acid...
February 20, 2015: Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry
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