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Micronutrients

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936772/proteome-characterization-of-copper-stress-responses-in-the-roots-of-sorghum
#1
Swapan Kumar Roy, Seong-Woo Cho, Soo Jeong Kwon, Abu Hena Mostafa Kamal, Dong-Gi Lee, Kabita Sarker, Moon-Soon Lee, Zhanguo Xin, Sun-Hee Woo
Copper (Cu) is a important micronutrient for plants, but it is extremely toxic to plants at high concentration and can inactivate and disturb protein structures. To explore the Cu stress-induced tolerance mechanism, the present study was conducted on the roots of sorghum seedlings exposed to 50 and 100 µM CuSO4 for 5 days. Accumulation of Cu increased in roots when the seedlings were treated with the highest concentration of Cu(2+) ions (100 μM). Elevated Cu concentration provoked notable reduction of Fe, Zn, Ca, and Mn uptake in the roots of sorghum seedlings...
September 21, 2017: Biometals: An International Journal on the Role of Metal Ions in Biology, Biochemistry, and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934111/breakfast-and-breakfast-cereal-choice-and-its-impact-on-nutrient-and-sugar-intakes-and-anthropometric-measures-among-a-nationally-representative-sample-of-australian-children-and-adolescents
#2
Flavia Fayet-Moore, Andrew McConnell, Kate Tuck, Peter Petocz
There is limited evidence in Australia that compares the nutritional impact of a breakfast cereal breakfast to a non-cereal breakfast, and includes the type of cereal. This study investigated the impact of breakfast choice and the total sugar content of breakfast cereal on nutrient intakes and anthropometric measures among Australian children and adolescents. Data from 2 to 18-year-old in the 2011-2012 National Nutrition and Physical Activity Survey were used (n = 2821). Participants were classified as breakfast cereal consumers (minimally pre-sweetened (MPS) or pre-sweetened (PS)), non-cereal breakfast consumers, or breakfast skippers...
September 21, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933045/a-prospective-single-arm-trial-of-modified-long-biliopancreatic-and-short-alimentary-limbs-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass-in-type-2-diabetes-patients-with-mild-obesity
#3
Abdon José Murad, Ricardo Vitor Cohen, Eudes Paiva de Godoy, Christian Lamar Scheibe, Giuliano Peixoto Campelo, Almino Cardoso Ramos, Roclides Castro de Lima, Luís Eduardo Veras Pinto, Daniel Coelho, Hamilton Belo França Costa, Ígor Marreiros Pereira Pinto, Tiago Pereira, Francisco Raúl Santos Teófilo, José Aparecido Valadão
BACKGROUND: Type-2 diabetes (T2D) patients with body mass index (BMI) below 35 kg/m(2) carry lower remission rates than severely obese T2D individuals submitted to "standard limb lengths" Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB). Mild-obese patients appear to have more severe forms of T2D, where the mechanisms of glycemic control after a standard-RYGB may be insufficient. The elongation of the biliopancreatic limb may lead to greater stimulation of the distal intestine, alterations in bile acids and intestinal microbiota, among other mechanisms, leading to better metabolic outcomes...
September 20, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932059/prevalence-of-nutritional-deficiencies-in-hair-loss-among-indian-participants-results-of-a-cross-sectional-study
#4
Dinesh Gowda, V Premalatha, D B Imtiyaz
BACKGROUND: Nutritional deficiencies are known to be associated with hair loss; however, the exact prevalence is not known. AIMS: The aim of this study is to evaluate the prevalence of nutritional deficiencies in participants with hair loss. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 100 enrolled participants were divided into telogen effluvium (TE), male-pattern hair loss (MPHL), and female-pattern hair loss (FPHL) based on the type of hair loss...
July 2017: International Journal of Trichology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930592/choline-the-brain-and-neurodegeneration-insights-from-epigenetics
#5
Rola A Bekdash
  Neurodegenerative disorders are a major public health problem worldwide with huge socioeconomic effect. Recent evidence suggests that neurodegeneration is not only caused by genetic factors but also affected by environmental factors including nutrients. Environmental influences have been shown to cause epigenetic modifications in the brain with long-lasting effects on behavior if they occur in early life. It has been suggested that early nutritional intervention that includes choline, betaine, VitB6, VitB12 and/or folic acid could attenuate decline in cognitive functions...
January 1, 2018: Frontiers in Bioscience (Landmark Edition)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930525/micronutrient-formulations-for-prevention-of-complications-of-pregnancy
#6
R B Singh, Sanjay Mishra, Shailesh Kumar, Amit Mani Tiwari, Fabien De Meester, Ramesh K Goyal, Kumar Kartikey, Meenakshi Singh
According to a relatively recent UNICEF report, 15 percent of the infant population of the world is of low birth weight with India accounting for one third of all the world's low-weight newborns. Twenty percent of all low birth weight infants die within a month. This mortality figure is higher in developing countries due to inadequate nutritional intake by pregnant women. Development of a new package of nutrient-rich food based on egg or milk or soy bean proteins, containing multiple micronutrient supplements, available at affordable cost, may protect against morbidity and mortality among pregnant women as well as low birth weight in newborns...
January 1, 2018: Frontiers in Bioscience (Scholar Edition)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930142/study-protocol-for-a-randomized-double-blind-treatment-control-trial-comparing-the-efficacy-of-a-micronutrient-formula-to-a-single-vitamin-supplement-in-the-treatment-of-premenstrual-syndrome
#7
Hannah Retallick-Brown, Julia Rucklidge, Neville Blampied
Background: The recent addition of Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder (PMDD) to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (5th ed.) has highlighted the seriousness of this disorder. Many alternatives to psychoactive medication in the form of vitamins, minerals, and plant extracts have been trialled by women seeking a natural treatment approach. We plan to explore whether a well validated micronutrient formula, EMPowerplus Advanced, can outperform a recognized single nutrient treatment, vitamin B6, for the treatment of Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS)...
December 7, 2016: Medicines (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928514/component-analysis-of-nutritionally-rich-chloroplasts-recovery-from-conventional-and-unconventional-green-plant-species
#8
Mohamed A Gedi, Rhianna Briars, Felius Yuseli, Noorazwani Zainol, Randa Darwish, Andrew M Salter, David A Gray
A study of the literature indicates that chloroplasts synthesise a range of molecules, many of which have nutritional value for humans, but the nutritional credentials of chloroplasts recovered from plant cells are not established. Chloroplast-rich-fractions (CRFs) were prepared from green plant species and the macro- and micro-nutrient composition compared with the whole leaf materials (WLMs). The results indicated that, on a dry weight basis, CRF material from a range of green biomass was enriched in lipids and proteins, and in a range of micronutrients compared with the WLM...
August 2017: Journal of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928244/selective-inhibitory-effects-of-zinc-on-cell-proliferation-in-esophageal-squamous-cell-carcinoma-through-orai1
#9
Sangyong Choi, Chaochu Cui, Yanhong Luo, Sun-Hee Kim, Jae-Kyun Ko, Xiaofang Huo, Jianjie Ma, Li-Wu Fu, Rhonda F Souza, Irina Korichneva, Zui Pan
Zinc, an essential micronutrient, has a cancer preventive role. Zinc deficiency has been shown to contribute to the progression of esophageal cancer. Orai1, a store-operated Ca(2+) entry (SOCE) channel, was previously reported to be highly expressed in tumor tissues removed from patients with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) with poor prognosis, and elevation of its expression contributes to both hyperactive intracellular Ca(2+) oscillations and fast cell proliferation in human ESCC cells. However, the molecular basis of cancer preventive functions of zinc and its association with Orai1-mediated cell proliferation remains unknown...
September 19, 2017: FASEB Journal: Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926949/influence-of-freeze-drying-and-oven-drying-post-blanching-on-the-nutrient-composition-of-the-edible-insect-ruspolia-differens
#10
Forkwa Tengweh Fombong, Mik Van Der Borght, Jozef Vanden Broeck
The longhorn grasshopper, Ruspolia differens (Serville), plays an important role as a food source across Sub-Saharan Africa, where it is consumed as a delicacy in both rural and urban areas. The effect of two drying methods (freeze-drying and oven-drying), employed after blanching, on the proximate, fatty acid and mineral composition of the two most common morphs was determined. Ruspolia differens grasshoppers were harvested in Uganda and Kenya from wild swarms during the rainy periods of November-December 2016...
September 16, 2017: Insects
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926931/comparison-of-sociodemographic-and-nutritional-characteristics-between-self-reported-vegetarians-vegans-and-meat-eaters-from-the-nutrinet-sant%C3%A3-study
#11
Benjamin Allès, Julia Baudry, Caroline Méjean, Mathilde Touvier, Sandrine Péneau, Serge Hercberg, Emmanuelle Kesse-Guyot
BACKGROUND: There is a growing trend for vegetarian and vegan diets in many Western countries. Epidemiological evidence suggesting that such diets may help in maintaining good health is rising. However, dietary and sociodemographic characteristics of vegetarians and vegans are not well known. The aim of this cross-sectional study was to describe sociodemographic and nutritional characteristics of self-reported, adult vegetarians and vegans, compared to meat-eaters, from the French NutriNet-Santé study...
September 15, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925036/combining-food-based-dietary-recommendations-using-optifood-with-zinc-fortified-water-potentially-improves-nutrient-adequacy-among-4-to-6-year-old-children-in-kisumu-west-district-kenya
#12
Prosper Kujinga, Karin J Borgonjen-van den Berg, Cecilia Superchi, Hermine J Ten Hove, Elizabeth Opiyo Onyango, Pauline Andang'o, Valeria Galetti, Michael B Zimmerman, Diego Moretti, Inge D Brouwer
Children in developing countries often face multiple micronutrient deficiencies. Introduction of zinc-fortified water can increase zinc intake, but additional recommendations are required to address overall diet nutrient adequacy. We developed and tested food-based recommendations (FBRs) that included zinc-fortified water for children aged between 4 and 6 years from rural Kenya to achieve the best possible nutrient adequacy. Dietary intakes of 60 children aged 4-6 years, from Kisumu West district, Kenya, were assessed using a quantitative multipass 24-hr recall...
September 19, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923475/chemical-and-nano-mineralogical-study-for-determining-potential-uses-of-legal-colombian-gold-mine-sludge-experimental-evidence
#13
Nazly E Sánchez-Peña, José L Narváez-Semanate, Daniela Pabón-Patiño, Javier E Fernández-Mera, Marcos L S Oliveira, Kátia da Boit, Bernardo F Tutikian, Tito J Crissien, Diana C Pinto, Iván D Serrano, Claudia I Ayala, Ana L Duarte, José D Ruiz, Luis F O Silva
The present study is focused on the chemical and nano-mineralogical characterization of sludge from gold mine activities, in order to put forward diverse solution alternatives, where lack of knowledge has been found. The sample was collected from "La Estrella" mine of Suarez, located in Department of Cauca, south-west Colombia. The sludge micro-structure and chemical composition were analyzed using a high resolution transmission electron microscopy (HR-TEM) equipped with a dispersive X-ray detector (EDS). X-ray diffraction technique was employed to identify the mineralogical phases present in the sludge...
August 26, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922393/a-set-of-nutrient-limitations-trigger-yeast-cell-death-in-a-nitrogen-dependent-manner-during-wine-alcoholic-fermentation
#14
Camille Duc, Martine Pradal, Isabelle Sanchez, Jessica Noble, Catherine Tesnière, Bruno Blondin
Yeast cell death can occur during wine alcoholic fermentation. It is generally considered to result from ethanol stress that impacts membrane integrity. This cell death mainly occurs when grape musts processing reduces lipid availability, resulting in weaker membrane resistance to ethanol. However the mechanisms underlying cell death in these conditions remain unclear. We examined cell death occurrence considering yeast cells ability to elicit an appropriate response to a given nutrient limitation and thus survive starvation...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919900/preliminary-studies-to-characterize-the-temporal-variation-of-micronutrient-composition-of-the-above-ground-organs-of-maize-and-correlated-uptake-rates
#15
Karla Vilaça Martins, Durval Dourado-Neto, Klaus Reichardt, Quirijn de Jong van Lier, José Laércio Favarin, Felipe Fadel Sartori, Guilherme Felisberto, Simone da Costa Mello
The improvement of agronomic practices and the use of high technology in field crops contributes for significant increases in maize productivity, and may have altered the dynamics of nutrient uptake and partition by the plant. Official recommendations for fertilizer applications to the maize crop in Brazil and in many countries are based on critical soil nutrient contents and are relatively outdated. Since the factors that interact in an agricultural production system are dynamic, mathematical modeling of the growth process turns out to be an appropriate tool for these studies...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919239/effect-of-micronutrient-supplementation-on-ivf-outcomes-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#16
REVIEW
Samuel Kofi Arhin, Yu Zhao, XiaoSheng Lu, Mandika Chetry, JieQiang Lu
There is accumulating evidence on the importance of micronutrients in improving fertility in couples undergoing IVF therapy. Despite this, studies reporting the relevant clinical outcomes of IVF, such as pregnancy and live birth rates, are very scarce. This review aimed to systematically summarize clinical evidence on the effect of micronutrients on primary outcome parameters of IVF treatment. The literature was searched up to February 2017 through Embase and PubMed databases for relevant studies. The quality of eligible studies was assessed with the Downs and Black checklist...
August 30, 2017: Reproductive Biomedicine Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916144/micronutrient-supplementation-in-adults-with-hiv-infection-cochrane-nursing-care-field-cochrane-review-summary
#17
Tracy Levett-Jones
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 5, 2017: Journal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care: JANAC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915110/diet-quality-of-adolescents-with-eating-disorders
#18
Alexis Santiago, Jacqueline Zimmerman, Ronald Feinstein, Martin Fisher
Purpose To compare the nutritional intake of adolescents with eating disorders (EDs) to recommended Daily Values of macronutrients and micronutrients, using the Nutrition Data Systems for Research (NDSR); to determine if nutritional content varied among the different sub-types of EDs; and to use the Healthy Eating Index 2010 (HEI-2010) as a measurement of diet quality in this population. Methods Forty-six adolescents referred to an ED Program were recruited for inclusion in this study. A detailed 24-h dietary recall from each participant was obtained and a detailed nutritional analysis was generated, allowing for calculation of the HEI-2010...
September 15, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911802/transient-gestational-exposure-to-drinking-water-containing-excess-hexavalent-chromium-modifies-insulin-signaling-in-liver-and-skeletal-muscle-of-rat-progeny
#19
Navaneethabalakrishnan Shobana, Mariajoseph Michael Aruldhas, Lalmuankimi Tochhawng, Ayyalu Loganathan, Sadhasivam Balaji, Mani Kathiresh Kumar, Liaquat Alikhan Sheerin Banu, Ajit Kumar Navin, Chinnaiyan Mayilvanan, Ramachandran Ilangovan, Karundevi Balasubramanian
Chromium (Cr), an essential micronutrient potentiates insulin action, whereas excess hexavalent Cr (CrVI) acts as an endocrine disruptor. Pregnant mothers living in areas abutting industries using the metal and chromite ore dumps are exposed to ground water contaminated with Cr. Nevertheless, the impact of prenatal exposure to excess CrVI on insulin signaling in the progeny remains obscure. We tested the hypothesis "transient gestational exposure to drinking water containing excess CrVI may modify insulin signaling during postnatal life"...
September 11, 2017: Chemico-biological Interactions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911127/nutritional-status-of-children-from-low-income-countries-arriving-in-spain
#20
Moncef Belhassen-García, Virginia Velasco-Tirado, Amparo Lopez-Bernus, Juan Luis Muñoz Bellido, Antonio Muro, Miguel Cordero, Javier Pardo-Lledias
Background: Nutritional problems, anaemia and infectious diseases are the main causes of morbidity and mortality in children and adolescents in tropical and subtropical areas. The main objective of this study was to determine the nutritional status in children from low-income countries who migrated to Spain and the value of the usual biochemistry markers of nutrition in these children, as well as to evaluate the nutritional status associated with imported infectious diseases. Moreover, we evaluated the association between anaemia and nutrition problems...
September 1, 2017: International Health
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