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Enteral nutriton

D Cristian, A Poalelungi, A Anghel, T Burcoş, R Grigore, S Berteşteanu, G Richiteanu, F Grama
BACKGROUND: We evaluated the effectiveness and safety of prophylactic PEG performed for the enteral nutrition support during the oncological treatment of patients with HNCs and as a part of the management of neurological patients experiencing neurogenic dysphagia. METHODS: In 2013 we followed up on a group of 23 HNC patients subjected to prophylactic PEG. We assessed the duration of the procedure, intraprocedural incidents and their causes, time to tube-refeeding and discharge after intervention, post interventional analgesia, early and late complications,toleration, costs and postoperative course of these patients after radical surgery maintaining PEG in place...
March 2015: Chirurgia
Helen Truby, Patricia Cowlishaw, Catherine O'Neil, Claire Wainwright
The clinical outcomes from 14 children (7 male) with cystic fibrosis (CF) who had a gastrostomy tube inserted between January 1999 and August 2005 are presented. The mean age of gastrostomy insertion was 6.63 years. All patients had pancreatic insufficiency with mildly compromised lung function (mean FEV1 71%). Data was collected for 1 year prior and 2 years post commencement of gastrostomy feeding. Subjects experienced a significant decline in both weight and height for the 12 months prior to enteral feeding...
2009: Open Respiratory Medicine Journal
J J Payne-James, C J De Gara, G K Grimble, M J Bray, S K Rana, S Kapadia, D B Silk
Objective - to determine current clinical practice of nutrition support in hospitals in the UK and to determine whether there have been any apparent changes in practices since 1988. Design - An 81 question survey about enteral and parenteral nutriton was sent to all District Dietitians registered with the British Dietetic Association. Information was collected additionally from pharmacists and clinicians. Results - 61.2% of questionnaires distributed were completed and returned. 32.5% of respondents had access to nutrition support teams, compared with 27% in 1988...
August 1992: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
M D Mesa García, C M Aguilera García, A Gil Hernández
Over the last decades, scientific advances in the knowledge of anti-inflammatory properties of lipids have lead to the development of new formulas for enteral and parenteral nutrition. These products have been utilised as a treatment for a variety of inflammatory diseases. In this review we expose the effects of lipids used in enteral nutriton on different inflammatory pathologies such as inflammatory bowel disease, atherosclerosis, lung fibrosis, rheumatoid arthritis, and others. During inflammatory diseases, eicosanoids are produced from polyunsaturated fatty acids present in cellular membranes...
May 2006: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
R Agarwal, R Aggarwal, A K Deorari, V K Paul
Although parenteral nutrition has been used widely in the management of sick very low birth weight (VLBW) infants, a smooth transition to the enteral route is most desirable. Animal studies have shown that long periods of starvation are associated with mucosal atrophy and reduction of enzymatic activity. Studies have shown that giving small volumes of feeds frequently exerts a trophic effect on the gut mucosa. This concept has been termed as Minimal Enteral Nutriton (MEN). Clinical benefits of MEN include faster progression to full enteral feeds, lesser episodes of feed intolerance and reduction in hospital stay without a concomitant increase in the risk of necrotizing enterocolitis...
December 2001: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
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