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"Quality measures"

John D Fitzgerald, Ted R Mikuls, Tuhina Neogi, Jasvinder A Singh, Mark Robbins, Puja P Khanna, Amy S Turner, Rachel Myslinski, Lisa G Suter
OBJECTIVE: Electronic clinical quality measures (eCQMs) are increasingly used by health registries and third parties to evaluate and improve the quality of health care. To complete these eCQMs, data are extracted from electronic health records (EHRs). The treatment of gout has been an area identified with gaps in quality of care. On behalf of the American College of Rheumatology (ACR), we sought to develop and test eCQMs to evaluate gout care. METHODS: Drawing from the 2012 ACR gout guidelines, a working group developed candidate gout process measures that were evaluated by an interdisciplinary panel of health care stakeholders, the ACR Quality Measures Subcommittee (QMS), and ultimately the ACR Board of Directors for formal validity testing...
April 12, 2018: Arthritis Care & Research
Caroline E Fife, Kristen A Eckert, Marissa J Carter
Significance: We compare real-world data from the U.S. Wound Registry (USWR) with randomized controlled trials and publicly reported wound outcomes and develop criteria for honest reporting of wound outcomes, a requirement of the new Quality Payment Program (QPP). Recent Advances: Because no method has existed by which wounds could be stratified according to their likelihood of healing among real-world patients, practitioners have reported fantastically high healing rates. The USWR has developed several risk-stratified wound healing quality measures for diabetic foot ulcers (DFUs) and venous leg ulcers (VLUs) as part of its Qualified Clinical Data Registry (QCDR)...
March 1, 2018: Advances in Wound Care
Ramesh Kumar, Namrata Choudhary
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2018: American Surgeon
Rolf Fagerberg, Christoph Flamm, Rojin Kianian, Daniel Merkle, Peter F Stadler
In synthesis planning, the goal is to synthesize a target molecule from available starting materials, possibly optimizing costs such as price or environmental impact of the process. Current algorithmic approaches to synthesis planning are usually based on selecting a bond set and finding a single good plan among those induced by it. We demonstrate that synthesis planning can be phrased as a combinatorial optimization problem on hypergraphs by modeling individual synthesis plans as directed hyperpaths embedded in a hypergraph of reactions (HoR) representing the chemistry of interest...
April 5, 2018: Journal of Cheminformatics
D R Jones, D M Karcher, P Regmi, C O Robison, R K Gast
In the United States, there is an increase in need for cage-free eggs in retail and food manufacturing sectors. Understanding the impact of cage-free systems and the corresponding management on egg quality is pertinent as the U.S. industry adapts existing housing and builds new cage-free housing structures. A study was conducted comparing 2 brown shell and 2 white shell hen strains housed in a cage-free aviary system. Each set of eggs were placed in cold storage and assessed at 0, 2, 4, 8, and 12 wk. Eggs were collected at 21, 31, 42, and 60 wk of hen age...
April 2, 2018: Poultry Science
Peter Buerhaus, Jennifer Perloff, Sean Clarke, Monica O'Reilly-Jacob, Galina Zolotusky, Catherine M DesRoches
OBJECTIVE: To examine differences in the quality of care provided by primary care nurse practitioners (PCNPs), primary care physicians (PCMDs), or both clinicians. DATA SOURCES: Medicare part A and part B claims during 2012-2013. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort design using standard risk-adjustment methodologies and propensity score weighting assessing 16 claims-based quality measures grouped into 4 domains of primary care: chronic disease management, preventable hospitalizations, adverse outcomes, and cancer screening...
April 2, 2018: Medical Care
Kannan Ramar, Ilene M Rosen, Douglas B Kirsch, Ronald D Chervin, Kelly A Carden, R Nisha Aurora, David A Kristo, Raman K Malhotra, Jennifer L Martin, Eric J Olson, Carol L Rosen, James A Rowley
The diagnosis and effective treatment of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) in adults is an urgent health priority. Positive airway pressure (PAP) therapy remains the most effective treatment for OSA, although other treatment options continue to be explored. Limited evidence citing small pilot or proof of concept studies suggest that the synthetic medical cannabis extract dronabinol may improve respiratory stability and provide benefit to treat OSA. However, side effects such as somnolence related to treatment were reported in most patients, and the long-term effects on other sleep quality measures, tolerability, and safety are still unknown...
March 30, 2018: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
Shilpa Arora, Ailda Nika, Laura Trupin, Hrudya Abraham, Joel Block, Winston Sequeira, Jinoos Yazdany, Meenakshi Jolly
PURPOSE: We compared the quality of care received by SLE patients in two settings within the same academic institution (Lupus Clinic, LC and General Rheumatology Clinic, GRC) using validated SLE quality measures (QM). METHODS: 150 consenting, consecutive SLE patients receiving longitudinal care at Rush University GRC (73) and subspecialty LC (77) were recruited. An updated QM survey and retrospective medical chart review was used for evaluation of each QM. The overall and individual (20) QM performance was calculated and compared between two groups...
April 2, 2018: Arthritis Care & Research
Laura A Hatfield, Alan M Zaslavsky
Public quality reports for Medicare Advantage health plans include 11 measures of patient experiences reported in the annual Consumer Assessment of Healthcare Providers and Systems surveys. Computing summaries at the health plan level (of multiple measures in multiple years) yields an array-structured random variable. To summarize associations among measures and years, we model the variance-covariance matrix governing the plan-level vectors of yearly quality measures as a Kronecker product of an across-measure matrix and an across-year matrix, or a sum of such Kronecker products...
April 2, 2018: Statistics in Medicine
Michael Goldfarb
Risk-adjusted mortality has been proposed as a quality of care indicator to gauge Cardiovascular Intensive Care Unit (CICU) performance. Mortality is easily measured, readily understandable, and a meaningful outcome for the patient, provider, administrative agencies, and other key stakeholders. Disease-specific risk-adjusted mortality is commonly used in cardiovascular medicine as an indicator of care quality, for external accreditation, and to determine payer reimbursement. However, the evidence base for overall risk-adjusted mortality in the CICU is limited, with most available data coming from the general critical care literature...
March 30, 2018: Cardiology in Review
Michael N Cantor, Lorna Thorpe
As population health becomes more of a focus of health care, providers are realizing that data outside of traditional clinical findings can provide a broader perspective on potential drivers of a patient's health status and can identify approaches to improving the effectiveness of care. However, many challenges remain before data related to the social determinants of health, such as environmental conditions and education levels, are as readily accessible and actionable as medical data are. Key challenges are a lack of consensus on standards for capturing or representing social determinants of health in electronic health records and insufficient evidence that once information on them has been collected, social determinants can be effectively addressed through referrals or other action tools...
April 2018: Health Affairs
Deborah J Cohen, David A Dorr, Kyle Knierim, C Annette DuBard, Jennifer R Hemler, Jennifer D Hall, Miguel Marino, Leif I Solberg, K John McConnell, Len M Nichols, Donald E Nease, Samuel T Edwards, Winfred Y Wu, Hang Pham-Singer, Abel N Kho, Robert L Phillips, Luke V Rasmussen, F Daniel Duffy, Bijal A Balasubramanian
Federal value-based payment programs require primary care practices to conduct quality improvement activities, informed by the electronic reports on clinical quality measures that their electronic health records (EHRs) generate. To determine whether EHRs produce reports adequate to the task, we examined survey responses from 1,492 practices across twelve states, supplemented with qualitative data. Meaningful-use participation, which requires the use of a federally certified EHR, was associated with the ability to generate reports-but the reports did not necessarily support quality improvement initiatives...
April 2018: Health Affairs
Kimberly A Hepner, Carol P Roth, Elizabeth M Sloss, Susan M Paddock, Praise O Iyiewuare, Martha J Timmer, Harold Alan Pincus
The U.S. Department of Defense (DoD) strives to maintain a physically and psychologically healthy, mission-ready force, and the care provided by the Military Health System (MHS) is critical to meeting this goal. Attention has been directed to ensuring the quality and availability of programs and services for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depression. This study is a comprehensive assessment of the quality of care delivered by the MHS in 2013-2014 for over 38,000 active-component service members with PTSD or depression...
April 2018: Rand Health Quarterly
Randal J Thomas, Gary Balady, Gaurav Banka, Theresa M Beckie, Jensen Chiu, Sana Gokak, P Michael Ho, Steven J Keteyian, Marjorie King, Karen Lui, Quinn Pack, Bonnie K Sanderson, Tracy Y Wang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 19, 2018: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
T Herbst, J Foerster, M Emmert
BACKGROUND: Pay-for-performance (P4P) has become a popular approach to increase effectiveness and efficiency in healthcare. So far, there is little evidence regarding the potential of P4P in the German healthcare setting. The aim of this study was to determine the impact of P4P on the quality of care in cataract surgery. METHODS: In 2012, a P4P program was implemented in a German surgical centre for ophthalmology. Five quality measures regarding process quality, outcomes, and patient satisfaction were measured over a period of 4...
March 22, 2018: Health Policy
Sameer K Singh, Stanley Liu, Robson Capasso, Robert C Kern, Christopher J Gouveia
PURPOSE: Assess the quality of information on obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) presented on YouTube for patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: "Obstructive sleep apnea" was entered into the YouTube search. Two independent reviewers categorized and analyzed videos utilizing a customized scoring-system along with search position, likes, and views. RESULTS: Forty-eight videos were analyzed. Most were educational (52.1%). Educational and news videos had significantly higher scores, but had no significant differences in search position, likes/day, or views/day...
March 19, 2018: American Journal of Otolaryngology
Fabian Nickel, Matthias Bernien, Uwe Lipowski, Wolfgang Kuch
Optical reflectance of thin adsorbates on solid surfaces is able to reveal fundamental changes of molecular properties compared to bulk systems. The detection of very small changes in the optical reflectance required several technical improvements in the past decades. We present an experimental setup that is capable of high-quality measurements of submonolayers and ultrathin layers of photochromic molecules on surfaces as well as quantifying their isomerization kinetics. By using photomultipliers as detectors, an enhancement of the signal-to-noise ratio by a factor of three with a total reduction of light exposure on the sample by at least four orders of magnitude is achieved...
March 2018: Review of Scientific Instruments
Joanna A Kamińska
Random forests, an advanced data mining method, are used here to model the regression relationships between concentrations of the pollutants NO2 , NOx and PM2.5 , and nine variables describing meteorological conditions, temporal conditions and traffic flow. The study was based on hourly values of wind speed, wind direction, temperature, air pressure and relative humidity, temporal variables, and finally traffic flow, in the two years 2015 and 2016. An air quality measurement station was selected on a main road, located a short distance (40 m) from a large intersection equipped with a traffic flow measurement system...
March 27, 2018: Journal of Environmental Management
Mary Lashley
OBJECTIVE: To determine the impact of length of stay among homeless men in faith-based residential addictions recovery on physical activity, depression, self-esteem, and nicotine dependence. DESIGN AND SAMPLE: A time series design was utilized to measure changes in the four quality measures at program entry and at 3, 6, and 9 months following admission. The sample consisted of 175 homeless residents enrolled in a faith-based residential recovery program. MEASURES: Paired t tests were used to determine the change in average instrument response from admission to each follow-up period...
March 30, 2018: Public Health Nursing
Randal J Thomas, Gary Balady, Gaurav Banka, Theresa M Beckie, Jensen Chiu, Sana Gokak, P Michael Ho, Steven J Keteyian, Marjorie King, Karen Lui, Quinn Pack, Bonnie K Sanderson, Tracy Y Wang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Circulation. Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes
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