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"Quality measures"

Danae F Sfantou, Aggelos Laliotis, Athina E Patelarou, Dimitra Sifaki-Pistolla, Michail Matalliotakis, Evridiki Patelarou
Effective leadership of healthcare professionals is critical for strengthening quality and integration of care. This study aimed to assess whether there exist an association between different leadership styles and healthcare quality measures. The search was performed in the Medline (National Library of Medicine, PubMed interface) and EMBASE databases for the time period 2004-2015. The research question that guided this review was posed as: "Is there any relationship between leadership style in healthcare settings and quality of care?" Eighteen articles were found relevant to our research question...
October 14, 2017: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
Michael E Bowen, Deepa Bhat, Jason Fish, Brett Moran, Temple Howell-Stampley, Lynne Kirk, Stephen D Persell, Ethan A Halm
Preventive services required for performance measurement often are completed in outside health systems and not captured in electronic medical records (EMRs). A before-after study was conducted to examine the ability of clinical decision support (CDS) to improve performance on preventive quality measures, capture clinician-reported services completed elsewhere, and patient/medical exceptions and to describe their impact on quality measurement. CDS improved performance on colorectal cancer screening, osteoporosis screening, and pneumococcal vaccination measures ( P < ...
October 1, 2017: American Journal of Medical Quality: the Official Journal of the American College of Medical Quality
Shay Golan, Melanie A Adamsky, Scott C Johnson, Nimrod S Barashi, Zachary L Smith, Maria V Rodriguez, Chuanhong Liao, Norm D Smith, Gary D Steinberg, Arieh L Shalhav
PURPOSE: To evaluate the accuracy of the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Programs (ACS-NSQIP) surgical risk calculator in patients undergoing radical cystectomy (RC) with urinary diversion. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Preoperative characteristics of patients who underwent RC with ileal conduit or orthotropic neobladder (ONB) between 2007 and 2016 were entered into the proprietary online ACS-NSQIP calculator to generate 30-day predicted risk profiles...
October 12, 2017: Urologic Oncology
Ryan M Carnahan, Elena M Letuchy
OBJECTIVES: Nursing home quality measures include the proportion of residents who receive antipsychotics. Residents with bipolar disorder are included even though antipsychotics are FDA-approved for this indication. We evaluated how including residents with bipolar disorder impacted the antipsychotic use quality measure for long-stay residents. We evaluated the agreement of minimum data set (MDS) bipolar disorder diagnoses with Medicare data, whether dementia was diagnosed before bipolar disorder, and how less-specific bipolar disorder diagnoses impacted findings...
September 11, 2017: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
Jon A Arnot, Sascha Pawlowski, Samantha Champ
The bioaccumulation assessment of chemicals is challenging because of various metrics and criteria, multiple lines of evidence and underlying uncertainty in the data. Measured in vivo laboratory and field bioaccumulation data are generally considered preferable; however, quantitative structure-activity relationships (QSARs), mass balance models and in vitro data can also be considered. This case study critically evaluates in vivo, in vitro and in silico data and provides new data for the bioaccumulation assessment of triclosan (TCS)...
October 10, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
Prakash Doraiswamy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association
Michael T Kleinman, Sara J Head, Eric D Stevenson, John G Watson, Judith C Chow, George M Hidy, Samuel L Altshuler, Peter K Mueller
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association
Rishi Rattan, Joshua Parreco, Tanya L Zakrison, D Dante Yeh, Howard M Lieberman, Nicholas Namias
BACKGROUND: Post-operative infections cause morbidity, consume resources, and are an important quality measure in assessing and comparing hospitals. Commonly used metrics do not account for re-admission to a different hospital. The Nationwide Readmissions Database (NRD) tracks re-admissions across United States (US) hospitals. Infection-related re-admission across US hospitals has not been studied previously. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The 2013 NRD was queried for admissions with a primary International Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, 9th revision, Clinical Modification code for the most frequently performed operations...
October 13, 2017: Surgical Infections
Nan Tracy Zheng, Qinghua Li, Laura C Hanson, Kathryn L Wessell, Natalie Chong, Noha Sherif, Ila H Broyles, Jennifer Frank, M Alexis Kirk, Carol R Schwartz, Alan F Levitt, Franziska Rokoske
BACKGROUND: With increasing use of the Medicare hospice benefit, policymakers recognize the need for quality measurement to assure that terminally ill patients receive high quality care and have the information they need when selecting a hospice. Towards these goals, CMS has been collecting standardized patient-level quality data via the Hospice Item Set (HIS) since July 1, 2014. OBJECTIVES: This article presents a first look at the national hospice HIS quality data...
October 9, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
Assaf Ben Shoham, Maskit Bar-Meir, Alexander Ioscovich, Arnon Samueloff, Yonit Wiener-Well
BACKGROUND: Cesarean Section (CS) is one of the most common surgical procedures performed worldwide. Surgical-site-infection (SSI) occurs in approximately 5-10% of CS. The benefit of prophylactic antibiotics for prevention of SSI has been demonstrated in the literature. The optimal timing of antibiotic prophylaxis (prior to surgical incision versus after cord clamping) was investigated in recent studies. In January 2014 the Israeli Ministry of Health introduced a national quality measure which monitors the administration of prophylactic antibiotics in CS...
October 11, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
Jay Suntharalingam, Tom Wilkinson, Joseph Annandale, Claire Davey, Rhea Fielding, Daryl Freeman, Michael Gibbons, Maxine Hardinge, Sabrine Hippolyte, Vikki Knowles, Cassandra Lee, William MacNee, Jacqueline Pollington, Vandana Vora, Trefor Watts, Meme Wijesinghe
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of the quality standards document is to provide healthcare professionals, commissioners, service providers and patients with a guide to standards of care that should be met for home oxygen provision in the UK, together with measurable markers of good practice. Quality statements are based on the British Thoracic Society (BTS) Guideline for Home Oxygen Use in Adults. METHODS: Development of BTS Quality Standards follows the BTS process of quality standard production based on the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence process manual for the development of quality standards...
2017: BMJ Open Respiratory Research
Mark Hann, Ellen I Schafheutle, Fay Bradley, Rebecca Elvey, Andrew Wagner, Devina Halsall, Karen Hassell, Sally Jacobs
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to identify the organisational and extraorganisational factors associated with existing variation in the volume of services delivered by community pharmacies. DESIGN AND SETTING: Linear and ordered logistic regression of linked national data from secondary sources-community pharmacy activity, socioeconomic and health need datasets-and primary data from a questionnaire survey of community pharmacies in nine diverse geographical areas in England...
October 10, 2017: BMJ Open
Daniel C McFarland, Megan Johnson Shen, Patricia Parker, Sandra Meyerson, Randall F Holcombe
BACKGROUND: Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services reimbursement is now contingent on quality measures such as patient satisfaction as determined by Hospital Consumer Assessment of Healthcare Providers and Systems (HCAHPS). In providing patient-centered care that is guided by patient satisfaction measures, it is critical to understand system-level factors that may influence how patients assess their care experiences. One important system-level influence to consider is hospital size...
October 2017: Quality Management in Health Care
Yabin Zhang, Weisi Lin, Qiaohong Li, Wentao Cheng, Xinfeng Zhang
Objective image retargeting quality assessment (IRQA) aims to use computational models to predict the retargeted image quality consistent with subjective perception. In this paper we propose a multiple-level feature (MLF) based quality measure to predict the perceptual quality of retargeted images. We first provide an in-depth analysis on the low-level aspect ratio similarity feature, and then propose a mid-level edge group similarity feature, to better address the shape/structure related distortion. Furthermore, a high-level face block similarity feature is designed to deal with sensitive region deformation...
October 9, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Image Processing: a Publication of the IEEE Signal Processing Society
Haywood L Brown
The discipline of obstetrics and gynecology has been a leader for quality and safety in women's health for decades. Obstetrics is the leading cause for admissions, triage, and hospital discharge with over 4 million hospitalizations for births annually. Appropriately, safety initiatives and use of quality measures particularly relevant to obstetrics and gynecology are essential to patient satisfaction, safe and efficient evidence-based care.
October 5, 2017: Clinical Obstetrics and Gynecology
Hans-Martin Kauffmann, Hennicke Kamp, Regine Fuchs, Brian N Chorley, Lize Deferme, Timothy Ebbels, Jörg Hackermüller, Stefania Perdichizzi, Alan Poole, Ursula G Sauer, Knut E Tollefsen, Tewes Tralau, Carole Yauk, Ben van Ravenzwaay
'Omics technologies are gaining importance to support regulatory toxicity studies. Prerequisites for performing 'omics studies considering GLP principles were discussed at the European Centre for Ecotoxicology and Toxicology of Chemicals (ECETOC) Workshop Applying 'omics technologies in Chemical Risk Assessment. A GLP environment comprises a standard operating procedure system, proper pre-planning and documentation, and inspections of independent quality assurance staff. To prevent uncontrolled data changes, the raw data obtained in the respective 'omics data recording systems have to be specifically defined...
October 5, 2017: Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology: RTP
Wenguang Shao, Patrick G A Pedrioli, Witold Wolski, Cristian Scurtescu, Emanuel Schmid, Juan A Vizcaíno, Mathieu Courcelles, Heiko Schuster, Daniel Kowalewski, Fabio Marino, Cecilia S L Arlehamn, Kerrie Vaughan, Bjoern Peters, Alessandro Sette, Tom H M Ottenhoff, Krista E Meijgaarden, Natalie Nieuwenhuizen, Stefan H E Kaufmann, Ralph Schlapbach, John C Castle, Alexey I Nesvizhskii, Morten Nielsen, Eric W Deutsch, David S Campbell, Robert L Moritz, Roman A Zubarev, Anders Jimmy Ytterberg, Anthony W Purcell, Miguel Marcilla, Alberto Paradela, Qi Wang, Catherine E Costello, Nicola Ternette, Peter A van Veelen, Cécile A C M van Els, Albert J R Heck, Gustavo A de Souza, Ludvig M Sollid, Arie Admon, Stefan Stevanovic, Hans-Georg Rammensee, Pierre Thibault, Claude Perreault, Michal Bassani-Sternberg, Ruedi Aebersold, Etienne Caron
Mass spectrometry (MS)-based immunopeptidomics investigates the repertoire of peptides presented at the cell surface by major histocompatibility complex (MHC) molecules. The broad clinical relevance of MHC-associated peptides, e.g. in precision medicine, provides a strong rationale for the large-scale generation of immunopeptidomic datasets and recent developments in MS-based peptide analysis technologies now support the generation of the required data. Importantly, the availability of diverse immunopeptidomic datasets has resulted in an increasing need to standardize, store and exchange this type of data to enable better collaborations among researchers, to advance the field more efficiently and to establish quality measures required for the meaningful comparison of datasets...
July 29, 2017: Nucleic Acids Research
Steven D Boggs, Sheila R Barnett, Richard D Urman
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Nonoperating room anesthesia (NORA) has grown from an insignificant percentage of total anesthesia cases into a major percentage of anesthesia workload over the past 30 years. This trend evidences no signs of abating. RECENT FINDINGS: With the rapid development of novel interventional techniques in cardiology, radiology, gastroenterology and pulmonary medicine and other areas, the core responsibilities of the anesthesia provider will no longer be confined to delivering care in traditional operating rooms...
October 3, 2017: Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology
Utaru Tanaka, Yoshiko Ueno, Yukiko Morinaga, Hideaki Miyake, Katsusuke Kyotani, Yu Ueda, Kazuhiro Kitajima, Keitaro Sofue, Yuko Suenaga, Kazuro Sugimura, Satoru Takahashi
PURPOSE: To investigate the impact of three-dimensional (3D) T2-weighted turbo spin-echo imaging (TSE-T2WI) with tissue-specific variable refocusing flip angle (TS-VRFA) on image quality and prostate cancer (PCa) detection and extraprostatic extension (EPE) evaluation compared to 2D TSE-T2WI and conventional 3D TSE-T2WI with volume isotropic TSE acquisition (VISTA). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Image data sets of 40 patients who underwent 3-T MRI before prostatectomy, including multiplane 2D T2WI, 3D T2WI with TS-VRFA and VISTA, and diffusion-weighted images were independently evaluated by two radiologists...
October 5, 2017: Japanese Journal of Radiology
Michael J Cawley
Mechanical ventilation continues to be an evolving modality in the critical care environment. Technological advances in microprocessor-controlled ventilation integrated with the complexity of new ventilator modes has provided the multidisciplinary team opportunities to further improve the care of the critically ill ventilator patients. As members of the critical care multidisciplinary team, pharmacists require a basic understanding of both conventional and advanced modes of mechanical ventilation in order to assist in optimizing medication use and ultimately patient health-care outcomes...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Pharmacy Practice
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