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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914316/does-the-proportion-of-pay-linked-to-performance-affect-the-job-satisfaction-of-general-practitioners
#1
Thomas Allen, William Whittaker, Matt Sutton
There is concern that pay-for-performance (P4P) can negatively affect general practitioners (GPs) by reducing their autonomy, increasing their wage dispersion or eroding their intrinsic motivation. This is especially a concern for the Quality and Outcomes Framework (QOF), a highly powered P4P scheme for UK GPs. The QOF affected all GPs but the exposure of their income to P4P varied. GPs did not know their level of exposure before the QOF was introduced and could not choose or manage it. We examine whether changes in GPs' job satisfaction before and after the introduction of the QOF in 2004 were correlated with the proportion of their income that became exposed to P4P...
November 24, 2016: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908559/influence-of-a-pay-for-performance-program-on-glycemic-control-in-patients-living-with-diabetes-by-family-physicians-in-a-canadian-province
#2
Emilie LeBlanc, Mathieu Bélanger, Véronique Thibault, Lise Babin, Beverly Greene, Stuart Halpine, Michelina Mancuso
OBJECTIVES: We evaluated the influence of the introduction of a pay-for-performance program implemented in 2010 for family physicians on the glycemic control of patients with diabetes. METHODS: Administrative data for all 583 eligible family physicians and 83,580 adult patients with diabetes in New Brunswick over 10 years were used. We compared the probability of receiving at least 2 tests for glycated hemoglobin (A1C) levels and achieving glycemic control before (2005-2009) and after (2010-2014) the implementation of the program and between patients divided based on whether a physician claimed the incentive or did not...
November 29, 2016: Canadian Journal of Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905941/financing-strategies-to-improve-essential-public-health-equalization-and-its-effects-in-china
#3
Li Yang, Li Sun, Liankui Wen, Huyang Zhang, Chenyang Li, Kara Hanson, Hai Fang
BACKGROUND: In 2009, China launched a health reform to promote the equalization of national essential public health services package (NEPHSP). The present study aimed to describe the financing strategies and mechanisms to improve access to public health for all, identify the strengths and weaknesses of the different approaches, and showed evidence on equity improvement among different regions. METHODS: We reviewed the relevant literatures and identified 208 articles after screening and quality assessment and conducted six key informants' interviews...
December 1, 2016: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903140/can-we-pay-for-performance-in-behavioral-health-care
#4
Rebecca E Stewart, Ishara Lareef, Trevor R Hadley, David S Mandell
Pay for performance (P4P) has become a popular strategy to reward quality and cost-efficiency in behavioral health care and other health care disciplines. This column presents the results of a literature review of P4P in behavioral health care. Fifteen empirical studies evaluating the outcomes of behavioral health services provided in a P4P system were identified. The limited data suggest that P4P can achieve its desired effect. More research is needed on outcomes, performance, and unintended consequences.
December 1, 2016: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891603/using-harm-based-weights-for-the-ahrq-patient-safety-for-selected-indicators-composite-psi-90-does-it-affect-assessment-of-hospital-performance-and-financial-penalties-in-veterans-health-administration-hospitals
#5
Qi Chen, Amy K Rosen, Ann Borzecki, Michael Shwartz
OBJECTIVE: To assess whether hospital profiles for public reporting and pay-for-performance, measured by the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) Patient Safety for Selected Indicators (PSI-90) composite measure, were affected by using the recently developed harm-based weights. DATA SOURCES/STUDY SETTING: Retrospective analysis of 2012-2014 data from the Veterans Health Administration (VA). STUDY DESIGN: The AHRQ PSI software (v5...
December 2016: Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884185/the-inescapable-question-of-fairness-in-pay-for-performance-bonus-distribution-a-qualitative-study-of-health-workers-experiences-in-tanzania
#6
Victor Chimhutu, Nils Gunnar Songstad, Marit Tjomsland, Mwifadhi Mrisho, Karen Marie Moland
BACKGROUND: During the last decade there has been a growing concern about the lack of results in the health sectors of many low income countries. Progress has been particularly slow in maternal- and child health. Prompted by the need to accelerate progress towards these health outcomes, pay-for- performance (P4P) schemes have been initiated in a number of countries. This paper explores the perceptions and experiences of health workers with P4P bonus distribution in the health system context of rural Tanzania...
November 25, 2016: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875401/ethics-pain-and-pay-for-performance
#7
Susan K Fisher
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872085/population-health-needs-as-predictors-of-variations-in-nhs-practice-payments-a-cross-sectional-study-of-english-general-practices-in-2013-2014-and-2014-2015
#8
Louis S Levene, Richard Baker, Andrew Wilson, Nicola Walker, Kambiz Boomla, M John G Bankart
BACKGROUND: NHS general practice payments in England include pay for performance elements and a weighted component designed to compensate for workload, but without measures of specific deprivation or ethnic groups. AIM: To determine whether population factors related to health needs predicted variations in NHS payments to individual general practices in England. DESIGN AND SETTING: Cross-sectional study of all practices in England, in financial years 2013-2014 and 2014-2015...
November 21, 2016: British Journal of General Practice: the Journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859313/paying-for-performance-to-improve-the-delivery-and-uptake-of-family-planning-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-systematic-review
#9
Claire Blacklock, Ekelechi MacPepple, Setor Kunutsor, Sophie Witter
Paying for performance is a strategy to meet the unmet need for family planning in low and middle income countries; however, rigorous evidence on effectiveness is lacking. Scientific databases and grey literature were searched from 1994 to May 2016. Thirteen studies were included. Payments were linked to units of targeted services, usually modified by quality indicators. Ancillary components and payment indicators differed between studies. Results were mixed for family planning outcome measures. Paying for performance was associated with improved modern family planning use in one study, and increased user and coverage rates in two more...
November 17, 2016: Studies in Family Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856087/hemodialysis-hospitalizations-and-readmissions-the-effects-of-payment-reform
#10
Kevin F Erickson, Wolfgang C Winkelmayer, Glenn M Chertow, Jay Bhattacharya
BACKGROUND: In 2004, the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services changed reimbursement for physicians and advanced practitioners caring for patients receiving hemodialysis from a capitated to a tiered fee-for-service system, encouraging increased face-to-face visits. This early version of a pay-for-performance initiative targeted a care process: more frequent provider visits in hemodialysis. Although more frequent provider visits in hemodialysis are associated with fewer hospitalizations and rehospitalizations, it is unknown whether encouraging more frequent visits through reimbursement policy also yielded these benefits...
November 14, 2016: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849667/unintended-consequences-of-the-30-day-mortality-metric-fact-or-fiction
#11
Winta T Mehtsun, Keith D Lillemoe, Jie Zheng, E John Orav, Ashish K Jha
OBJECTIVE: To assess if an incongruous increase in mortality occurs after postoperative day 30. BACKGROUND: In the current climate of public reporting and pay-for-performance, 30-day mortality after inpatient surgery has become a key metric to assess performance. Whereas the intent is to improve quality, there has been increasing concern that reporting 30-day mortality may influence providers' timing of treatment withdrawal. METHODS: We used national Medicare data to identify beneficiaries who underwent 1 of 19 major surgical procedures...
November 15, 2016: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829858/pay-for-performance-remuneration-for-pharmacist-prescribers-management-of-hypertension-a-substudy-of-the-rxaction-trial
#12
Sherilyn K D Houle, Theresa L Charrois, Finlay A McAlister, Michael R Kolber, Meagen M Rosenthal, Richard Lewanczuk, Norman R C Campbell, Ross T Tsuyuki
BACKGROUND: To be sustainable, pharmacists providing direct patient care must receive appropriate payment for these services. This prespecified substudy of the RxACTION trial (a randomized trial of pharmacist prescribing vs usual care in patients with above-target blood pressure [BP]) aimed to determine if BP reduction achieved differed between patients whose pharmacist was paid by pay-for-performance (P4P) vs fee-for-service (FFS). METHODS: Within RxACTION, patients with elevated BP assigned to the pharmacist prescribing group were further randomized to P4P or FFS payment for the pharmacist...
November 2016: Canadian Pharmacists Journal: CPJ, Revue des Pharmaciens du Canada: RPC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816089/pay-for-performance-time-to-act-but-also-to-provide-further-evidence
#13
EDITORIAL
Reinhard Busse
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815451/financial-incentives-to-encourage-value-based-health-care
#14
REVIEW
Anthony Scott, Miao Liu, Jongsay Yong
This article reviews the literature on the use of financial incentives to improve the provision of value-based health care. Eighty studies of 44 schemes from 10 countries were reviewed. The proportion of positive and statistically significant outcomes was close to .5. Stronger study designs were associated with a lower proportion of positive effects. There were no differences between studies conducted in the United States compared with other countries; between schemes that targeted hospitals or primary care; or between schemes combining pay for performance with rewards for reducing costs, relative to pay for performance schemes alone...
November 3, 2016: Medical Care Research and Review: MCRR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807881/payment-systems-and-incentives-in-dentistry
#15
Jostein Grytten
In this commentary, we discuss the advantages and disadvantages of the following incentive-based remuneration systems in dentistry: fee-for-service remuneration, per capita remuneration, a mixed payment system (a combination of fee-for-service remuneration and per capita remuneration) and pay-for-performance. The two latter schemes are fairly new in dentistry. Fee-for-service payments secure high quality, but lead to increased costs, probably due to supplier-induced demand. Per capita payments secure effectiveness, but may lead to under-treatment and patient selection...
November 3, 2016: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27793361/mandatory-national-quality-improvement-systems-using-indicators-an-initial-assessment-in-europe-and-israel
#16
REVIEW
Anke Bramesfeld, Michel Wensing, Paul Bartels, Henning Bobzin, Catherine Grenier, Mona Heugren, Dena Jaffe Hirschfield, Manfred Langenegger, Birgitta Lindelius, Bruno Lucet, Orly Manor, Theres Schneider, Fiona Wardell, Joachim Szecsenyi
INTRODUCTION: Quality improvement systems (QIS) that are based on empirical performance assessment have increasingly been implemented as a mandatory part of health systems across countries. This study aims to describe national mandatory QIS in Europe in 2014. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Relevant national agencies for national mandatory QIS in Europe were identified through online searches and key informants. A questionnaire was compiled during a workshop with these agencies and filled out by representatives from these particular agencies...
October 11, 2016: Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27780591/the-effectiveness-of-a-pay-for-performance-program-on-diabetes-care-in-taiwan-a-nationwide-population-based-longitudinal-study
#17
Tzu-Yu Lin, Chia-Yu Chen, Yu Tang Huang, Ming-Kuo Ting, Jui-Chu Huang, Kuang-Hung Hsu
Over the past two decades, studies have widely examined the effectiveness of pay-for-performance (P4P) programs by conducting biochemical tests and assessing complications; however, the reported effectiveness of such programs among participants selected through purposeful sampling is controversial. Therefore, the objective of the current study was to analyze the effectiveness of a P4P program on patients' prognoses, including hospitalization for chronic diabetic complications, and all-cause mortality during specific follow-up years by using a nationwide population-based database in Taiwan...
September 24, 2016: Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27779993/initiating-a-standard-venous-thromboembolism-prophylaxis-order-set-designed-to-improve-patient-outcomes-at-los-angeles-county-university-of-southern-california
#18
Daniel Gardner, Andrew Liman, Victoria Autelli, Casey O'Connell, Nicholas Testa, Glenn Ault
Improving patient safety is vital for all hospitals due to increasing public reporting and pay-for-performance reimbursement. Venous thromboembolism (VTE) remains a leading cause of preventable mortality accounting for 5 per cent of inpatient deaths. The purpose of this study was to outline the process of implementing standard VTE prophylactic order sets in a 600-bed academic safety net hospital and assess the resulting change in patient outcomes. Outcomes were assessed by comparing the rate that eligible inpatients receive VTE prophylaxis and the rate of preventable VTE's compared with total VTE's...
October 2016: American Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27768180/association-of-a-bundled-payment-program-with-cost-and-outcomes-in-full-cycle-breast-cancer-care
#19
C Jason Wang, Skye H Cheng, Jen-You Wu, Yi-Ping Lin, Wen-Hsin Kao, Chia-Li Lin, Yin-Jou Chen, Shu-Ling Tsai, Feng-Yu Kao, Andrew T Huang
Importance: Value-driven payment system reform is a potential tool for aligning economic incentives with the improvement of quality and efficiency of health care and containment of cost. Such a payment system has not been researched satisfactorily in full-cycle cancer care. Objective: To examine the association of outcomes and medical expenditures with a bundled-payment pay-for-performance program for breast cancer in Taiwan compared with a fee-for-service (FFS) program...
October 20, 2016: JAMA Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27764655/the-quality-and-outcomes-framework-body-commodification-in-uk-general-practice
#20
Armando H Norman, Andrew J Russell, Claudia Merli
The UK's Quality and Outcomes Framework (QOF) is the largest pay-for-performance scheme in the world. This ethnographic study explored how QOF's monetary logic influences the approach to healthcare in UK general practice. From August 2013 to April 2014, we researched two UK general practice surgeries and one general practice training programme. These environments provided the opportunity for studying various spaces such as QOF meetings, consultation rooms, QOF recoding sessions, and the collection of computer-screen images depicting how patients' biomarkers are evaluated and costed through software systems...
October 11, 2016: Social Science & Medicine
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