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rehabilitation after traumatic injury

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922182/the-use-of-the-model-of-occupational-self-efficacy-in-improving-the-cognitive-functioning-of-individuals-with-brain-injury-a-pre-and-post-intervention-study
#1
Shaheed Soeker
BACKGROUND: Individuals diagnosed with a Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) often experience major limitations in returning to work despite participating in rehabilitation programmes. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to determine whether individuals who sustained a traumatic brain injury experienced improved cognitive functioning after participating in an intervention programme that utilizes the Model of Occupational Self-Efficacy (MOOSE). PARTICIPANTS: Ten (10) individuals who were diagnosed with a mild to moderate brain injury participated in the study...
September 14, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922176/cognition-and-return-to-work-after-mild-moderate-traumatic-brain-injury-a-systematic-review
#2
Karthik Mani, Bryan Cater, Akshay Hudlikar
BACKGROUND: Approximately two percent of the United States population are traumatic brain injury (TBI) survivors. The unemployment rate among them is substantial. Cognitive skills are essential to perform any job. OBJECTIVE: We analyzed the literature on cognitive rehabilitation (CR) related to mild/moderate TBI to learn the influence of cognition on return to work (RTW) post TBI. METHODS: We conducted a systematic review of the studies on CR related to RTW post TBI that were published between 2000 and 2015...
September 14, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898867/cerebral-fat-embolism-clinical-presentation-diagnostic-steps-and-long-term-follow-up
#3
Juliane Dunkel, Christian Roth, Frank Erbguth, Wenke Dietrich, Monika Hügens-Penzel, Andreas Ferbert
OBJECTIVE: Symptomatic cerebral fat embolism (CFE) is a rare complication that occurs after a traumatic injury or orthopaedic surgery and is diagnostically challenging. No data is currently available concerning long-term follow-up. METHODS: We identified from medical records 9 patients with CFE and revised the clinical signs and the diagnostic process. We then analysed long-term follow-up data, targeting clinical course after discharge, neurological impairment, and current quality of life, using the Barthel index and the modified Rankin Scale...
September 12, 2017: European Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890805/outcome-after-post-acute-spinal-cord-specific-rehabilitation-a-german-single-center-study
#4
Matthias Ponfick
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to analyze single center outcome measures of spinal cord injury (SCI)-specific rehabilitation (SCISR) in Germany. SETTING: The study was conducted at an SCI specialized rehabilitation center. METHODS: Nonparametric tests for outcome description such as SCIM and length of stay. Logistic regression for outcome prediction was used. RESULTS: One hundred and sixty patients (113 men, 47 women) with a mean age of 64...
2017: Spinal Cord Series and Cases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884108/characteristics-and-clinical-aspects-of-patients-with-spinal-cord-injury-undergoing-surgery
#5
João Simão de Melo-Neto, Lara Eduarda Leite Vidotto, Fabiana de Campos Gomes, Dionei Freitas de Morais, Waldir Antonio Tognola
OBJECTIVE: To identify the characteristics of patients with spinal cord injury (SCI) undergoing surgery. METHODS: Previously, 321 patients with SCI were selected. Clinical and socio-demographic variables were collected. RESULTS: A total of 211 patients were submitted to surgery. Fall and injuries in the upper cervical and lumbosacral regions were associated with conservative treatment. Patients with lesions in the lower cervical spine, worse neurological status, and unstable injuries were associated with surgery...
June 2017: Revista Brasileira de Ortopedia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882775/premenstrual-dysphoric-disorder-in-a-patient-with-traumatic-brain-injury-a-case-report
#6
Jaclyn Russell, Marisa Osorio
We present a case of a 17 year old female who developed premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD) after sustaining a severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) and review the diagnosis of PMDD. The patient developed symptoms of severe depression surrounding her menses months after sustaining severe TBI and was diagnosed with PMDD by a psychiatrist. She ultimately required antipsychotics for optimal symptom resolution. PMDD is a severe form of premenstrual syndrome with symptoms including irritability, anxiety and nonfatal suicidal behavior...
September 4, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882543/longitudinal-study-of-a-nogo-p3-event-related-potential-component-following-mild-traumatic-brain-injury-in-adults
#7
Gian Candrian, Andreas Müller, Patrizia Dall'Acqua, Kyveli Kompatsiari, Gian-Marco Baschera, Ladislav Mica, Hans-Peter Simmen, Richard Glaab, Javier Fandino, Markus Schwendinger, Christoph Meier, Erika Jasmin Ulbrich, Sönke Johannes
BACKGROUND: Event-related potentials have repeatedly revealed electrophysiological markers of cognitive dysfunction associated with Mild Traumatic Brain Injury (MTBI) and may represent a sensitive tool to guide cognitive rehabilitative interventions. We previously found patients with symptomatic MTBI characterized by smaller P300 (or P3) wave amplitudes in a NoGo-P3 subcomponent in the acute phase of the injury. The goal of this longitudinal study was to investigate whether this early NoGo-P3 subcomponent differs over time in symptomatic MTBI patients and healthy controls...
September 4, 2017: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878731/head-eye-vestibular-motion-therapy-affects-the-mental-and-physical-health-of-severe-chronic-postconcussion-patients
#8
Frederick Robert Carrick, Joseph F Clark, Guido Pagnacco, Matthew M Antonucci, Ahmed Hankir, Rashid Zaman, Elena Oggero
CONTEXT: Approximately 1.8-3.6 million annual traumatic brain injuries occur in the United States. An evidence-based treatment for concussions that is reliable and effective has not been available. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to test whether head-eye vestibular motion (HEVM) therapy is associated with decreased symptoms and increased function in postconcussive syndrome (PCS) patients that have been severely impaired for greater than 6 months after a mild traumatic brain injury...
2017: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877951/psychological-distress-following-a-motor-vehicle-crash-evidence-from-a-statewide-retrospective-study-examining-settlement-times-and-costs-of-compensation-claims
#9
Rebecca Guest, Yvonne Tran, Bamini Gopinath, Ian D Cameron, Ashley Craig
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether psychological distress associated with musculoskeletal injuries sustained in a motor vehicle crash (MVC), regardless of time of onset, impacts compensation outcomes such as claim settlement times and costs. Second, to identify factors routinely collected by insurance companies that contribute to psychological distress during the compensation process. DESIGN: Statewide retrospective study. DATA SOURCE: Analysis of the New South Wales statewide (Australia) injury register for MVC survivors who lodged a compensation claim from 2011 to 2013...
September 5, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868156/post-traumatic-syringomyelia-with-holocord-involvement-a-case-report
#10
Idris Amin, Gavriil Ilizarov, Nayeema Chowdhury, Shailaja Kalva
INTRODUCTION: Syringomyelia is a disorder in which a cyst, or syrinx, develops within the spinal cord. Historically, syringomyelia in post-traumatic spinal cord injury has been uncommon; however, its diagnosis has been increasing due to the advances in medical technology. Syringomyelia that involves the entire spinal cord, or holocord, is rare after traumatic spinal cord injury, with only a few cases reported in the literature. CASE PRESENTATION: We present a case of a 57-year-old male who had a motorcycle accident 30 years ago resulting in a spinal cord injury, who presented a rapid decline in the function of his left upper extremity...
2017: Spinal Cord Series and Cases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866009/long-term-functional-outcomes-in-military-service-members-and-veterans-after-traumatic-brain-injury-polytrauma-inpatient-rehabilitation
#11
Max Gray, Joyce Chung, Fatima Aguila, T Gavin Williams, Jeffrey K Teraoka, Odette A Harris
OBJECTIVE: To determine the impact of the established Polytrauma/TBI infrastructure on immediate post-treatment functional gains, the long-term sustainability of any gains and participation-related community reintegration outcomes in a baseline cohort of patients eight years post-admission. DESIGN: Retrospective review and prospective repeated measures of an inception cohort. SETTING: Veterans Affairs Palo Alto, Polytrauma Rehabilitation Center (PRC) PARTICIPANTS: 44 patients consecutively admitted to the PRC inpatient rehabilitation unit during its first full Fiscal Year, 2006...
August 30, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28837430/the-epidemiology-of-chronic-critical-illness-after-severe-traumatic-injury-at-two-level-one-trauma-centers
#12
Juan C Mira, Joseph Cuschieri, Tezcan Ozrazgat-Baslanti, Zhongkai Wang, Gabriela L Ghita, Tyler J Loftus, Julie A Stortz, Steven L Raymond, Jennifer D Lanz, Laura V Hennessy, Babette Brumback, Philip A Efron, Henry V Baker, Frederick A Moore, Ronald V Maier, Lyle L Moldawer, Scott C Brakenridge
OBJECTIVE: To determine the incidence and risk factors of chronic critical illness after severe blunt trauma. DESIGN: Prospective observational cohort study (NCT01810328). SETTING: Two-level one trauma centers in the United States. PATIENTS: One hundred thirty-five adult blunt trauma patients with hemorrhagic shock who survived beyond 48 hours after injury. INTERVENTIONS: None. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Chronic critical illness was defined as an ICU stay lasting 14 days or more with evidence of persistent organ dysfunction...
August 23, 2017: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819590/minimally-invasive-total-hip-replacement-in-an-ipsilateral-post-traumatic-above-knee-amputation-a-case-report
#13
Sanjeev Patnaik, Biswaranjan Nayak, Akshaya Kumar Sahoo, Nabin Kumar Sahu
INTRODUCTION: Total hip replacement (THR) is a highly successful operation in alleviating pain and improving the overall function of the hip, in end-stage arthritis of the hip, in otherwise fit patients. However, THR as a surgical option in post-traumatic hip arthritis with ipsilateral above-knee amputation is rarely reported. CASE REPORT: We are presenting a case report of a 30-year-old male, who had previously underwent an above-knee amputation due to road-traffic accident, presenting 24 h after the injury with segmental fracture femur and popliteal artery laceration, for which the limb could not be salvaged...
March 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808585/spinal-cord-injury-during-the-second-trimester-of-pregnancy
#14
Ahmad Zaheer Qureshi, Sami Ullah, Anas Jehad AlSaleh, Rubina' Ullah
INTRODUCTION: Pregnancies in women with spinal cord injury (SCI) are at greater risk of morbidity and mortality. Although pregnancy after SCI is well elaborated in the literature, SCI occurring during pregnancy is rarely reported. Abrupt changes in the body physiology because of SCI and the resulting disability add a risk to maternal and fetal well-being. Not only is the burden of care increased but there is also a higher risk of developing pressure ulcers, urinary tract infections, autonomic instability, intrauterine growth retardation and venous thromboembolism...
2017: Spinal Cord Series and Cases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795168/changes-in-brain-behavior-relationships-following-a-3-month-pilot-cognitive-intervention-program-for-adults-with-traumatic-brain-injury
#15
S Porter, I J Torres, W Panenka, Z Rajwani, D Fawcett, A Hyder, N Virji-Babul
Facilitating functional recovery following brain injury is a key goal of neurorehabilitation. Direct, objective measures of changes in the brain are critical to understanding how and when meaningful changes occur, however, assessing neuroplasticity using brain based results remains a significant challenge. Little is known about the underlying changes in functional brain networks that correlate with cognitive outcomes in traumatic brain injury (TBI). The purpose of this pilot study was to assess the feasibility of an intensive three month cognitive intervention program in individuals with chronic TBI and to evaluate the effects of this intervention on brain-behavioral relationships...
August 2017: Heliyon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792451/a-novel-computer-oculomotor-rehabilitation-cor-program-for-mild-traumatic-brain-injury-mtbi
#16
Kenneth J Ciuffreda, Naveen K Yadav, Preethi Thiagarajan, Diana P Ludlam
Individuals with traumatic brain injury (TBI) manifest a wide range of visual dysfunctions. One of the most prevalent involves the oculomotor system, which includes version, vergence, and accommodation. However, until recently, there has been no comprehensive, computer-based program for remediation of these oculomotor deficits. We present such an oculomotor rehabilitation program that has been tested in a clinical trial in patients having TBI with a high degree of success based on before-and-after objective system recordings, performance measures, and related visual symptomotology...
August 9, 2017: Brain Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777128/spinal-cord-injury-following-a-mild-trauma-in-homocystinuria-related-bone-frailty-neurorehabilitation-and-education-on-bone-health-management
#17
Ginny Varghese, Wafa Al Yazeedi, Mohammed Al Hamawi, Mohammed N Awad, Giorgio Ferriero, Elena Giovanazzi
Homocystinuria (HCU) is a rare autosomal recessive disease characterized by the deficiency of cystathionine β-synthetase, presenting with variable clinical features including micronutrient deficiency-related osteoporosis. Early-onset osteoporosis results in increased bone fragility, which is associated with low-impact fractures. To date, no traumatic myelopathy has ever been described in patients with HCU. This case report describes a 30-year-old male patient with HCU who was not aware that he was at high risk of sustaining debilitating bone fractures...
August 2, 2017: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research. Revue Internationale de Recherches de Réadaptation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771043/longitudinal-dynamics-of-3-dimensional-components-of-selfhood-after-severe-traumatic-brain-injury-a-qeeg-case-study
#18
Andrew A Fingelkurts, Alexander A Fingelkurts
In this report, we describe the case of a patient who sustained extremely severe traumatic brain damage with diffuse axonal injury in a traffic accident and whose recovery was monitored during 6 years. Specifically, we were interested in the recovery dynamics of 3-dimensional components of selfhood (a 3-dimensional construct model for the complex experiential selfhood has been recently proposed based on the empirical findings on the functional-topographical specialization of 3 operational modules of brain functional network responsible for the self-consciousness processing) derived from the electroencephalographic (EEG) signal...
September 2017: Clinical EEG and Neuroscience: Official Journal of the EEG and Clinical Neuroscience Society (ENCS)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768467/challenges-experienced-during-rehabilitation-after-traumatic-multiple-rib-fractures-a-qualitative-study
#19
Jacqueline Claydon, Gregory Maniatopoulos, Lisa Robinson, Paul Fearon
BACKGROUND: People with multiple rib fractures rarely receive rehabilitation aimed specifically at their chest wall injuries. This research explores patient perceptions of rehabilitation and recovery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A qualitative study exploring how a purposive sample of 15 people with traumatic multiple rib fractures at a Major Trauma Centre in the United Kingdom make sense of their recovery. Data collected during one-to-one interviews 4 to 9 months after injury...
August 2, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762891/coping-strategies-used-by-parents-of-children-with-traumatic-brain-injury-a-cross-sectional-study-of-palestinians-and-israelis
#20
Wedad Masalha, Gail Auslander
This study examined the use and helpfulness of coping strategies and patterns among parents of children with traumatic brain injury (TBI). Participants were 122 Arab-Israeli, Jewish-Israeli, and Palestinian parents of 65 children with TBI following their discharge from pediatric rehabilitation hospital. Family-focused strategies were highly prevalent and most helpful among both mothers and fathers. Jewish mothers reported that support coping pattern (but not medical or family) was more helpful than did Arab-Israeli and Palestinian mothers...
August 1, 2017: Social Work in Health Care
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