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Chronic pericarditis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285598/diagnosis-of-budd-chiari-syndrome
#1
Morgane Van Wettere, Onorina Bruno, Pierre-Emmanuel Rautou, Valérie Vilgrain, Maxime Ronot
Budd-Chiari syndrome (BCS) is defined by clinical and laboratory signs associated with partial or complete impairment of hepatic venous drainage in the absence of right heart failure or constrictive pericarditis. Primary BCS is the most frequent type and is a complication of hypercoagulable states, in particular myeloproliferative neoplasms. Secondary BCS involves tumor invasion or extrinsic compression. Most patients present with chronic BCS including a non-cirrhotic, dysmorphic, chronic liver disease with various degrees of fibrosis deposition...
December 28, 2017: Abdominal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280197/fulminant-cryptococcus-neoformans-infection-with-fatal-pericardial-tamponade-in-a-patient-with-chronic-myelomonocytic-leukemia-who-was-treated-with-ruxolitinib-case-report-and-review-of-fungal-pericarditis
#2
Jing Liu, Elie Mouhayar, Jeffrey J Tarrand, Dimitrios P Kontoyiannis
Cryptococcus neoformans is a saprophytic fungal pathogen that can cause serious illness in immune-compromised hosts and it presents with a wide variety of clinical symptoms. We present a fatal case of fulminant C. neoformans infection presenting as pericardial tamponade in a 71-year-old male with chronic myelomonocytic leukemia undergoing chemotherapy with the JAK-STAT inhibitor ruxolitinib. We also review the published cases of fungal pericarditis/tamponade. In addition to illustrating an atypical presentation of C...
December 27, 2017: Mycoses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276442/constrictive-pericarditis-5-months-after-radiation-therapy-in-a-62-year-old-woman-with-esophageal-cancer
#3
Beeletsega T Yeneneh, Sorcha Allen, Prasad Panse, Farouk Mookadam, William Rule
Most pericardial changes appear within a few weeks in patients who have undergone radiation therapy for thoracic neoplasms. Chronic pericardial constriction typically occurs decades later, consequent to fibrosis. Early constrictive pericarditis after chest irradiation is quite rare. We report the case of a 62-year-old woman who underwent radiation therapy for esophageal cancer and presented with constrictive pericarditis 5 months later. We searched the English-language medical literature from January 1986 through December 2015 for reports of early constrictive pericarditis after irradiation for thoracic malignancies...
December 2017: Texas Heart Institute Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29247810/surgical-revascularization-of-the-celiac-artery-for-persistent-intestinal-ischemia-in-short-bowel-syndrome
#4
Arnaud Roussel, Alexandre Nuzzo, Quentin Pellenc, Yves Castier, Romain De Blic, Pierre Cerceau, Célia Boulitrop, Mathieu Coblence, Sonia Aguir, Pierre Mordant, Léon Maggiori, Audrey Huguet, Annie Sibert, Francisca Joly, Olivier Corcos
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Without prompt superior mesenteric artery (SMA) revascularization, acute mesenteric ischemia (AMI) frequently leads to death or short bowel syndrome (SBS). In SBS patients, persistent or chronic intestinal ischemia (PII) of the remnant bowel can lead to recurrences of AMI. Since SMA revascularization is sometimes unfeasible, celiac artery (CA) revascularization may improve blood supply to the remnant bowel. The aim of this study was to describe and to assess our experience of the CA revascularization in case of SMA occlusion unsuitable for revascularization in the setting of PII in SBS patients...
January 2018: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29175978/constrictive-pericarditis-diagnosis-management-and-clinical-outcomes
#5
REVIEW
Terrence D Welch
Constrictive pericarditis (CP) is a form of diastolic heart failure that arises because an inelastic pericardium inhibits cardiac filling. This disorder must be considered in the differential diagnosis for unexplained heart failure, particularly when the left ventricular ejection fraction is preserved. Risk factors for the development of CP include prior cardiac surgery and radiation therapy, but most cases are still deemed to be idiopathic. Making the diagnosis may be challenging and requires meticulous echocardiographic assessment, often supplemented by cross-sectional cardiac imaging and haemodynamic catheterisation...
November 25, 2017: Heart: Official Journal of the British Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107356/a-systematic-review-of-the-efficacy-and-safety-of-intrapericardial-fibrinolysis-in-patients-with-pericardial-effusion
#6
Alison B Wiyeh, Eleanor A Ochodo, Charles S Wiysonge, Aloysious Kakia, Abolade A Awotedu, Arsen Ristic, Bongani M Mayosi
Pericardial effusion is the abnormal accumulation of fluid in the pericardial space. The complications of pericardial effusion can either be acute (e.g., cardiac tamponade) or chronic (e.g., constrictive pericarditis). We have conducted a systematic review of the scientific literature to evaluate the efficacy and safety of intrapericardial fibrinolysis in preventing complications of pericardial effusion. We searched for both published and unpublished studies. 29 studies, with a total of 109 patients were included in this review; 17 case reports, 11 case series, and one randomised controlled trial (RCT)...
October 26, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097843/a-case-report-of-ventricular-septal-defect-in-an-adult-sprague-dawley-rat
#7
Tetsuro Kurotaki, Yuki Tomonari, Junko Sato, Takeshi Kanno, Minoru Tsuchitani
A 20-week-old male Sprague Dawley rat noted with decreased body weight, dyspnea, and anorexia beginning 2 days before death was necropsied in the recovery period of a sub-chronic toxicity study. The heart was severely enlarged (30 × 20 × 20 mm), 3-4 times larger than normal, with an approximately 6 mm wide defect in the upper, membranous portion of the ventricular septum. Both ventricles measured 4 mm in thickness, and the right ventricle was 4 times thicker than normal. According to a microscopic examination, the myocardial fibers were severely hypertrophic in the right ventricle and mildly hypertrophic in the left ventricle and septum...
October 2017: Journal of Toxicologic Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051974/cardiac-disease-in-familial-mediterranean-fever
#8
REVIEW
Eren Erken, Ertugrul Erken
Familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) is an autoinflammatory disease manifested by inflammatory attacks of peritonitis, pleuritis, pericarditis accompanied by fever and arthritis. Mutations of MEFV gene results in pyrin dysfunction, which causes uncontrolled interleukin-1 beta production and triggers the inflammatory attacks. Inflammation persists even during attack-free periods in one-third of the FMF patients. Findings of elevated proinflammatory cytokine patterns during remission as well as inflammatory attacks indicate the continuous subclinical disease activity and inflammation...
January 2018: Rheumatology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025545/constrictive-pericarditis
#9
REVIEW
Terrence D Welch, Jae K Oh
Constrictive pericarditis is a potentially treatable cause of diastolic heart failure that arises because a diseased, inelastic pericardium restricts ventricular diastolic expansion. Affected patients present with heart failure with predominant right-sided symptoms and signs. The key to diagnosis is identification of the unique hemodynamic properties associated with constriction: dissociation of intrathoracic and intracardiac pressures and enhanced ventricular interaction. Comprehensive echocardiography with Doppler imaging is useful, but invasive hemodynamic assessment and cross-sectional imaging may be required for confirmation...
November 2017: Cardiology Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025541/imaging-of-the-pericardium-a-multimodality-cardiovascular-imaging-update
#10
REVIEW
Bo Xu, Deborah H Kwon, Allan L Klein
Pericardial diseases represent diverse conditions, ranging from painful inflammatory states, such as acute pericarditis, to life-threatening tamponade and chronic heart failure due to constrictive pericarditis. Multimodality cardiovascular imaging plays important roles in diagnosis and management of pericardial conditions. This review provides a clinical update on multimodality cardiovascular imaging of the pericardium, incorporating echocardiography, multidetector computed tomography, and cardiac magnetic resonance imaging, focusing on guiding clinicians about when each cardiac imaging modality should be used in each relevant pericardial condition...
November 2017: Cardiology Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994689/a-case-report-of-combined-radical-pericardiectomy-and-beating-heart-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-in-a-patient-with-tubercular-chronic-constrictive-pericarditis-with-coronary-artery-disease
#11
Gauranga Majumdar, Surendra Kumar Agarwal, Shantanu Pande, Bipin Chandra, Prabhat Tewari
We here report a successful midterm outcome following combined off-pump radical pericardiectomy and coronary artery bypass surgery (CABG) in a 65-year-old male patient who was suffering from chronic constrictive calcified tubercular pericarditis with coronary artery disease. Simultaneous off-pump CABG and radical pericardiectomy for nonsurgical constrictive pericarditis is reported very rarely in English literature.
October 2017: Annals of Cardiac Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990950/a-rare-complication-of-chronic-granulomatous-disease-in-a-child-constrictive-aspergillus-pericarditis
#12
Emrah Şişli, Yasemin Özdemir Şahan, Mehmet Fatih Ayık, Deniz Nart, Yüksel Atay
A 3-year-old girl with the diagnosis of chronic granulomatous disease (CGD) was hospitalized for bronchopneumonia and congestive heart failure. Her medical history included methylprednisolone medication for autoimmune gastric outlet obstruction. Computed tomography revealed pneumonic infiltrations and pericardial thickening. A pulsed-wave Doppler recording revealed E/A >1. During a pericardiectomy, multiple islands of thick, firm-walled, fibrinous exudate-containing, small abscess formations were observed...
October 2017: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneği Arşivi: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneğinin Yayın Organıdır
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970175/bacterial-pcr-and-clinico-pathological-diagnosis-of-naturally-occurring-pneumonic-pasturellosis-mannheimiosis-during-subtropical-climate-in-sheep
#13
Riaz Hussain, Fazal Mahmood, Hafiz Muhammad Ali, Abu Baker Siddique
Mannheimia haemolytica is causative agent of pneumonic pasteurellosis (mannheimiosis) that causes huge economic losses to livestock farmers. We investigated the microbial and clinico-pathological patterns associated with ovine pneumonic pasturellosis during an outbreak. Prior to death, infected sheep revealed clinical signs including dyspnoea, salivation, pyrexia and mucopurulent nasal discharge. Mortality was significantly (p < 0.05) high in young sheep as compared to adults. Necropsy findings revealed presence of froth in trachea, congestion and consolidation of lungs, pulmonary edema, severe pleural adhesions, pericarditis, hemorrhages on mucosa of jejunum and kidneys...
September 29, 2017: Microbial Pathogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28954837/clinical-laboratory-and-molecular-findings-and-long-term-follow-up-data-in-96-french-patients-with-pmm2-cdg-phosphomannomutase-2-congenital-disorder-of-glycosylation-and-review-of-the-literature
#14
Manuel Schiff, Céline Roda, Marie-Lorraine Monin, Alina Arion, Magali Barth, Nathalie Bednarek, Maud Bidet, Catherine Bloch, Nathalie Boddaert, Delphine Borgel, Anaïs Brassier, Alexis Brice, Arnaud Bruneel, Roger Buissonnière, Brigitte Chabrol, Marie-Chantal Chevalier, Valérie Cormier-Daire, Claire De Barace, Emmanuel De Maistre, Anne De Saint-Martin, Nathalie Dorison, Valérie Drouin-Garraud, Thierry Dupré, Bernard Echenne, Patrick Edery, François Feillet, Isabelle Fontan, Christine Francannet, François Labarthe, Cyril Gitiaux, Delphine Héron, Marie Hully, Sylvie Lamoureux, Dominique Martin-Coignard, Cyril Mignot, Gilles Morin, Tiffany Pascreau, Olivier Pincemaille, Michel Polak, Agathe Roubertie, Christel Thauvin-Robinet, Annick Toutain, Géraldine Viot, Sandrine Vuillaumier-Barrot, Nathalie Seta, Pascale De Lonlay
BACKGROUND: Phosphomannomutase 2-congenital disorder of glycosylation (PMM2-CDG) is a multisystem inborn error of metabolism. OBJECTIVES: To better characterise the natural history of PMM2-CDG. METHODS: Medical charts of 96 patients with PMM2-CDG (86 families, 41 males, 55 females) were retrospectively reviewed. Data on clinical, laboratory and molecular parameters at diagnosis were analysed. Follow-up data at last examination were reported for 25 patients...
September 27, 2017: Journal of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924519/acute-pericarditis-descriptive-study-and-etiology-determination-in-a-predominantly-african-american-population
#15
Ahmad Awan, Fasil Tiruneh, Priscilla Wessly, Akbar Khan, Hasan Iftikhar, Sydney Barned, Daniel Larbi
INTRODUCTION ---Acute pericarditis is the most commonly encountered manifestation of pericardial disease (incidence: 0.2 percent to 0.5 percent in hospitalized patients). However, data regarding manifestations, workup, and the management of acute pericarditis in the African American population is lacking. This study aims to collect and analyze more clinical data related to acute pericarditis in this understudied population. METHODOLOGY We conducted a retrospective chart review of all patients managed for acute pericarditis at a university hospital serving a predominantly African American population...
July 6, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28873222/uremic-pericarditis-pericardial-effusion-and-constrictive-pericarditis-in-end-stage-renal-disease-insights-and-pathophysiology
#16
REVIEW
Karim Abdur Rehman, Jorge Betancor, Bo Xu, Arnav Kumar, Carlos Godoy Rivas, Kimi Sato, Leslie P Wong, Craig R Asher, Allan L Klein
A rising prevalence of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) has led to a rise in ESRD-related pericardial syndromes, calling for a better understanding of its pathophysiology, diagnoses, and management. Uremic pericarditis, the most common manifestation of uremic pericardial disease, is a contemporary problem that calls for intensive hemodialysis, anti-inflammatories, and often, drainage of large inflammatory pericardial effusions. Likewise, asymptomatic pericardial effusions can become large and impact the hemodynamics of patients on chronic hemodialysis...
September 5, 2017: Clinical Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852999/sex-and-cardiovascular-involvement-in-inflammatory-joint-diseases
#17
REVIEW
Santos Castañeda, Carlos González-Juanatey, Miguel A González-Gay
The term inflammatory joint disease (IJD) encompasses a group of chronic conditions with predominant joint involvement. They share an increased risk of cardiovascular (CV) complications. However, the implication of the sex in the risk of CV disease in IJD has not been specifically addressed. The aim of this work is to assess the influence of sex on the clinical expression of CV manifestations associated to IJD. With this objective, an update of the current knowledge of the sex influence on CV disease in patients with IJD was conducted...
August 29, 2017: Clinical Reviews in Allergy & Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706591/interferon-related-pericarditis-review
#18
Kazuaki Nishio, Tsutomu Arase, Hiroko Tada, Hideaki Tachibana
AIM: To conduct a review of "interferon related pericarditis". METHODS: We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cinahl, and the Cochrane Database from the earliest available date through September 2016. A search strategy using the Medical Subject Headings and text keywords "interferon" and "pericarditis" were used. RESULTS: Nine case reports were eligible for the present study. Six of 8 cases were women and the mean age was 43.8 ± 13.8 years with chronic hepatitis C in 6 cases, malignant melanoma in 2 cases and chronic myelogenous leukemia in 1 case...
June 26, 2017: World Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701604/major-vessel-venous-thrombosis-in-patients-of-posttubercular-chronic-constrictive-pericarditis-undergoing-pericardectomy-a-rare-scenario
#19
Akhilesh Pahade, Prabhat Tewari
We are reporting two cases of neck and arm major venous thrombosis in patients of posttubercular chronic constrictive pericarditis posted for pericardectomy. There was unanticipated difficulty in placement of Internal Jugular vein catheter and subsequent ultrasound revealed thrombosis in the major veins. It was not diagnosed in the preoperative period. This report raises this major complication and highlights the use of ultrasound in such scenarios.
July 2017: Annals of Cardiac Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698448/-a-case-of-chronic-myelogenous-leukemia-that-developed-fibrous-pericarditis-owing-to-nilotinib-use
#20
Shogo Miura, Kazuyuki Murase, Akira Sakurada, Kohichi Takada, Satoshi Iyama, Tsutomu Sato, Yasushi Sato, Koji Miyanishi, Masayoshi Kobune, Atsuko Muranaka, Kazutoshi Tachibana, Junji Kato
A 64-year-old man was diagnosed with chronic-phase chronic myelogenous leukemia(CML)in May 2009. He was treated with imatinib and achieved complete cytogenetic response(CCyR)in 2 months. After 4 months of treatment, he developed interstitial pneumonia and became intolerant to imatinib. He was then switched to nilotinib from October of the same year. In June 2013, he was diagnosed with drug-induced pericarditis resulting from nilotinib use, and thus, nilotinib was discontinued. Subsequently, he was followed up without specific treatment for CML...
June 2017: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
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