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"Physician shortage"

Tracy J Koehler, Jaclyn Goodfellow, Alan T Davis, John E vanSchagen, Lori Schuh
BACKGROUND : In a time of threats to the funding for graduate medical education (GME) and projected physician shortages, drawing attention to the value of physician training programs may be useful. One approach is to study the number and percentage of physicians who enter practice in the state in which they trained. OBJECTIVE : We sought to examine the percentage of graduates from a single Michigan-based GME institution over a 15-year period, who practiced medicine in Michigan during their career...
October 2016: Journal of Graduate Medical Education
Xuechen Xiong, Chao Jin, Haile Chen, Li Luo
OBJECTIVES: This paper presents a geographic information system (GIS)-based proximal area method and gravity method for identifying areas with physician shortages. The innovation of this paper is that it uses the appropriate methods to discover each type of health resource and then integrates all these methods to assess spatial access to health resources using population distribution data. In this way, spatial access to health resources for an entire city can be visualized in one neat package, which can help health policy makers quickly comprehend realistic distributions of health resources at a macro level...
2016: PloS One
Shmuel Reis, Jacob Urkin, Rachel Nave, Rosalie Ber, Amitai Ziv, Orit Karnieli-Miller, Dafna Meitar, Peter Gilbey, Dror Mevorach
ABSTRACT: We reviewed the existing programs for basic medical education (BME) in Israel as well as their output, since they are in a phase of reassessment and transition. The transition has been informed, in part, by evaluation in 2014 by an International Review Committee (IRC). The review is followed by an analysis of its implications as well as the emergent roadmap for the future. The review documents a trend of modernizing, humanizing, and professionalizing Israeli medical education in general, and BME in particular, independently in each of the medical schools...
2016: Israel Journal of Health Policy Research
Paul Burcher
Interprofessional education is a vital part of medical education, and students should not be permitted to exempt themselves from it. Physicians are part of a team, and the importance of teamwork will only increase as physician shortages continue and medical care becomes more complex. To learn to be good physicians in this emerging environment, students must appreciate the skills, strengths, and vocabularies of other professions. It is shortsighted to think that the best educators of future physicians can only be other physicians...
2016: AMA Journal of Ethics
Clay J Cockerell
Physicians are faced with many stressors today that place them at risk of disenchantment, depression, and burnout. Although this is costly to the individual physician, it is equally costly to society, because physician stress can lead to exercise of poor judgment and medical errors. It also threatens to exacerbate physician shortages, as more physicians opt to retire or, in some cases, change careers altogether. In this essay, suggestions are made as to how to deal with these stressors that, if used, can ameliorate them at least to some degree...
September 2016: Clinics in Dermatology
Robert J Motley, Richard J Mazzaccaro, David B Burmeister, Samuel D Land, Richard M Boulay, Heiwon Chung, Lynn Deitrick, Andrew D Sumner
Advanced Practice Clinicians (APCs) in collaborative practice represent a diverse and valuable group of health care professionals, including nurse practitioners, physician assistants, nurse anesthetists, and nurse midwives. Because these healthcare professionals have been identified as part of the solution to physician shortages, it is critical for health networks to examine and address issues affecting collaborative relationships. We invited our network APCs to participate in focus group sessions to determine both attributes and barriers to an ideal work environment...
September 2016: Healthcare
Halah Ibrahim, Satish Chandrasekhar Nair, Sami Shaban, Margaret El-Zubeir
BACKGROUND: In today's interdependent world, issues of physician shortages, skill imbalances and maldistribution affect all countries. In the United Arab Emirates (UAE), a nation that has historically imported its physician manpower, there is sustained investment in educational infrastructure to meet the population's healthcare needs. However, policy development and workforce planning are often hampered by limited data regarding the career choice of physicians-in-training. The purpose of this study was to determine the specialty career choice of applicants to postgraduate training programs in the UAE and factors that influence their decisions, in an effort to inform educational and health policy reform...
May 2016: Education for Health: Change in Training & Practice
May Nawal Lutfiyya, Lisa Tomai, Bianca Frogner, Frank Cerra, Daniel Zismer, Stephen Parente
AIMS: The aim of this study was to answer the overall question: Does primary care diabetes management for Medicare patients differ in scope and outcomes by provider type (physician or nurse practitioner)? BACKGROUND: In the USA as well as globally, there is a pressing need to address high healthcare costs while improving healthcare outcomes. Primary health care is one area where healthcare reform has received considerable attention, in part because of continued projections of primary care physician shortages...
August 17, 2016: Journal of Advanced Nursing
Stephen M Petterson, William F Rayburn, Winston R Liaw
PURPOSE: Retirement of primary care physicians is a matter of increasing concern in light of physician shortages. The joint purposes of this investigation were to identify the ages when the majority of primary care physicians retire and to compare this with the retirement ages of practitioners in other specialties. METHODS: This descriptive study was based on AMA Physician Masterfile data from the most recent 5 years (2010-2014). We also compared 2008 Masterfile data with data from the National Plan and Provider Enumeration System to calculate an adjustment for upward bias in retirement ages when using the Masterfile alone...
July 2016: Annals of Family Medicine
Hanyuan Shi, Kevin C Lee
The Association of American Medical Colleges reports an impending shortage of over 90,000 primary care physicians by the year 2025. An aging and increasingly insured population demands a larger provider workforce. Unfortunately, the supply of US-trained medical students entering primary care residencies is also dwindling, and without a redesign in this country's undergraduate and graduate medical education structure, there will be significant problems in the coming decades. As an institution producing fewer and fewer trainees in primary care for one of the poorest states in the United States, we propose this curriculum to tackle the issue of the national primary care physician shortage...
2016: Medical Education Online
Kent A Corso, Donna Gage
As America experiences the largest health care revolution of the past 50 years, clinicians and administrators are refocusing their attention on the goals of the Quadruple Aim. Motivation and capabilities among stakeholders vary as practical tools and an adequate workforce remain elusive. At the same time, the patient-centered medical home (PCMH) model is spreading rapidly but demonstrating variable results. Positive PCMH outcomes seem to reflect high-quality teamwork. A primary care physician shortage is looming, and increasing numbers of health professionals are being pushed into the PCMH, mandated to provide "integrated" care...
July 2016: Nursing Administration Quarterly
Sarah Hemeida, Kathleen Klink, Andrew Bazemore, Stephen Petterson, Lars Peterson
Policymakers are increasingly interested in addressing the US primary care physician shortage and achieving measurable accountability for the products of the nation's $15 billion investment in graduate medical education (GME). Using one such measure, we found that sponsoring institutions (SIs) with ≤5 residency programs produce a higher percentage of general internists and family physicians than larger SIs.
May 2016: Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine: JABFM
Jamie Boydstun, Jeralynn S Cossman
INTRODUCTION: Physician shortages in the USA, an issue that has been particularly challenging in Mississippi, have been a concern among health scholars and policy makers for several decades. Physician shortages hinder residents from easily obtaining routine care, potentially magnifying health disparities. This study examines physician career life expectancy, or how long physicians typically practice, in Mississippi. METHODS: Data on Mississippi's physician population actively involved between 2007 and 2011 were obtained from the Mississippi State Board of Medical Licensure...
April 2016: Rural and Remote Health
Leslie A Wimsatt, James M Cooke, Wendy S Biggs, Joel J Heidelbaugh
UNLABELLED: Phenomenon: Existing research provides little specific evidence regarding the association between public and private medical school curricular settings and the proportion of medical students matching into family medicine careers. Institutional differences have been inadequately investigated, as students who match into family medicine are often consolidated into the umbrella of primary care along with those matching in internal medicine and pediatrics. However, understanding medical school contexts in relation to career choice is critical toward designing targeted strategies to address the projected shortage of family physicians...
July 2016: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 22, 2016: Modern Healthcare
Sharma Anjali, Zodpey Sanjay, Batra Bipin
BACKGROUND: India's current estimated doctor-population ratio of 1:1700 against targeted ratio of 1: 1000 shows a clear shortage. A mismatch in number of medical aspirants and available seats, intense competition and unaffordable costs of medical education prompt many Indian students to pursue training opportunities abroad. Many later return to India, and these foreign medical graduates (FMGs) must pass a qualification test which is a required to practice medicine in India. This review undertakes a situational analysis of FMGs in India and suggests a roadmap to better utilize this resource pool of physicians...
January 2016: Education for Health: Change in Training & Practice
Erin P Fraher, Perri Morgan, Anna Johnson
Physician workforce projections often include scenarios that forecast physician shortages under different assumptions about the deployment of physician assistants (PAs) and nurse practitioners (NPs). These scenarios generally assume that PAs and NPs are an interchangeable resource and that their specialty distributions do not change over time. This study investigated changes in PA and NP specialty distribution in North Carolina between 1997 and 2013. The data show that over the study period, PAs and NPs practiced in a wide range of specialties, but each profession had a specific pattern...
April 2016: JAAPA: Official Journal of the American Academy of Physician Assistants
Phillip Miller
In this issue of Health Affairs, Lawrence Casalino and coauthors establish that physicians in common specialty practices spend an average of 2.6 hours per week dealing with external quality measures. This gives rise to general questions about the future of the medical profession. To what extent will quality-tracking requirements and similar practice intrusions reshape who physicians are, how many physicians there are, and how they practice? In turn, how will these changes affect patients' access to care? Data derived from the 2014 Survey of America's Physicians: Practice Patterns and Perspectives, conducted by Merritt Hawkins on behalf of the Physicians Foundation, make it clear that physician practice patterns are evolving...
March 2016: Health Affairs
Eliana Marcus Aaron, Caryn Scheinberg Andrews
Many countries around the world have integrated various types of Advanced Practice Providers (APPs) into their healthcare systems. The main motivating factors for recognizing and developing APPs worldwide include physician shortages and the need for improved access or delivery (US, France, Belgium, Scotland, Switzerland), reduced residency hours (US, UK), shortages in underserved regions (US, Canada, Finland, Australia), and cost containment (Germany, Netherlands, UK, US). Israel is experiencing a shortage of physicians in peripheral geographic regions and in critical medical specialties...
2016: Israel Journal of Health Policy Research
Janna S Landsperger, Matthew W Semler, Li Wang, Daniel W Byrne, Arthur P Wheeler
BACKGROUND: Acute care nurse practitioners (ACNPs) are increasingly being employed in ICUs to offset physician shortages, but no data exist about outcomes of critically ill patients continuously cared for by ACNPs. METHODS: Prospective cohort study of all admissions to an adult medical ICU in an academic, tertiary-care center between January 1, 2011, and December 31, 2013. The primary end point of 90-day survival was compared between patients cared for by ACNP and resident teams using Cox proportional hazards regression...
May 2016: Chest
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