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Pancreatitis acute

Savino Occhionorelli, Lucia Morganti, Lorenzo Cappellari, Rocco Stano, Dario Andreotti, Giorgio Vasquez
INTRODUCTION: Arterial pseudoaneurysm is a rare and life-threatening complication of pancreatitis, seen more often in chronic than in acute pancreatitis. It involves mostly the splenic artery, while only in 10% of the case it appears in pancreaticoduodenal and gastric artery. This case report described an asymptomatic pseudoaneurysm of the posterior superior pancreaticoduodenal artery and of the right gastric artery, which occurred after 13days from the episode of acute pancreatitis and, then it was treated with vascular angioembolization...
October 18, 2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
M Ganesh Kamath, C Ganesh Pai, Asha Kamath
BACKGROUND: Little data exist on the progression of recurrent acute (RAP) and chronic pancreatitis (CP) from regions from where the entity of tropical chronic pancreatitis was originally described. The study aimed to follow up patients with RAP and CP seen at a southern Indian centre for progression of disease over time. METHODS: Prospectively enrolled patients with RAP and CP were followed up, and the alcoholic and idiopathic subgroups were assessed for progression of structural and functional changes in the organ...
October 26, 2016: Indian Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Indian Society of Gastroenterology
Gyotane Umefune, Hirofumi Kogure, Tsuyoshi Hamada, Hiroyuki Isayama, Kazunaga Ishigaki, Kaoru Takagi, Dai Akiyama, Takeo Watanabe, Naminatsu Takahara, Suguru Mizuno, Saburo Matsubara, Natsuyo Yamamoto, Yousuke Nakai, Minoru Tada, Kazuhiko Koike
BACKGROUND: Procalcitonin is being increasingly used to diagnose and grade acute systemic bacterial infection at an early stage of disease onset. The aim of this prospective study was to evaluate the usefulness of procalcitonin for severity grading of acute cholangitis on patient admission. METHODS: Patients with acute cholangitis were prospectively enrolled. The severity of acute cholangitis was graded on the basis of the 2013 Tokyo guidelines (Japanese Society of Hepato-Biliary-Pancreatic Surgery, 2013)...
October 25, 2016: Journal of Gastroenterology
Cheryl E Gariepy, Melvin B Heyman, Mark E Lowe, John F Pohl, Steven L Werlin, Michael Wilschanski, Bradley Barth, Douglas S Fishman, Steven D Freedman, Matthew J Giefer, Tanja Gonska, Ryan Himes, Sohail Z Husain, Veronique D Morinville, Chee Y Ooi, Sarah Jane Schwarzenberg, David M Troendle, Elizabeth Yen, Aliye Uc
: Acute recurrent pancreatitis (ARP) and chronic pancreatitis (CP) have been diagnosed in children at increasing rates over the past decade. However, as pediatric ARP and CP are still relatively rare conditions, little quality evidence is available on which to base the diagnosis and determination of etiology. OBJECTIVES: To review the current state of the literature regarding the etiology of these disorders and to developed a consensus among a panel of clinically active specialists caring for children with these disorders to help guide the diagnostic evaluation and identify areas most in need of future research...
October 25, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
Jae Geun Park, Ki Bae Kim, Joung Ho Han, Soon Man Yoon, Hee Bok Chae, Sei Jin Youn, Seon Mee Park
Background/Aims: EUS can detect bile duct stones (BDS) that are undetectable on multidetector computed tomography (MDCT). BDS associated with acute biliary pancreatitis (ABP) are small and tend to be excreted spontaneously. This study evaluated the usefulness of early EUS in patients with ABP and undetectable BDS on MDCT. Methods: Forty-one patients with ABP and undetectable BDS on MDCT underwent EUS within 24 hours of admission and were diagnosed with BDS, sludge, dilated common bile duct (CBD), or normal CBD...
October 25, 2016: Korean Journal of Gastroenterology, Taehan Sohwagi Hakhoe Chi
Rui Zhang, Li Wen, Yan Shen, Na Shi, Zhihua Xing, Qing Xia, Hai Niu, Wen Huang
Acute pancreatitis (AP) is a painful inflammatory disorder of the exocrine pancreas, ranking as the most common gastrointestinal reasons for hospitalization with no specific therapy currently. Diosgenyl saponins extracted from natural products and diosgenin or its derivatives have been shown to exert anti-inflammatory effects in various diseases. However, the therapeutic effects of diosgenyl saponins from Dioscorea zingiberensis C. H. Wright in AP have not yet been determined. Five compounds were extracted and screened for taurocholate-induced necrosis in mouse pancreatic acinar cells...
October 25, 2016: Scientific Reports
Rostyslav Bilyy, Volodymyr Fedorov, Volodymyr Vovk, Moritz Leppkes, Tetiana Dumych, Valentyna Chopyak, Georg Schett, Martin Herrmann
Neutrophils form neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs) of decondensed DNA and histones that trap and immobilize particulate matter and microbial pathogens like bacteria. NET aggregates reportedly surround and isolate large objects like monosodium urate crystals, which cannot be sufficiently cleared from tissues. In the setting of acute necrotizing pancreatitis, massive tissue necrosis occurs, which is organized as pancreatic pseudocysts (1). In contrast to regular cysts, these pseudocysts are not surrounded by epithelial layers...
2016: Frontiers in Immunology
Takeshi Tomoda, Hironari Kato, Sho Mizukawa, Shinichiro Muro, Yutaka Akimoto, Daisuke Uchida, Kazuyuki Matsumoto, Naoki Yamamoto, Shigeru Horiguchi, Koichiro Tsutsumi, Hiroyuki Okada
Acute pancreatitis is the major complication of endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP). A preliminary research suggested that the administration of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) with nitroglycerin might reduce the incidence of post-ERCP pancreatitis (PEP) more effectively than NSAIDs alone. We conduct a two-arm, multicenter, prospective, randomized, superiority trial to evaluate the additional effect of nitroglycerin for prevention of PEP. A total of 900 patients randomly receive 50 mg diclofenac suppository either alone or with 5 mg isosorbide dinitrate sublingual tablet...
2016: Acta Medica Okayama
Maxim Avanesov, Julius M Weinrich, Thomas Kraus, Thorsten Derlin, Gerhard Adam, Jin Yamamura, Murat Karul
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the retrospective study was to evaluate the additional value of dual-phase multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) protocols over a single-phase protocol on initial MDCT in patients with acute pancreatitis using three CT-based pancreatitis severity scores with regard to radiation dose. METHODS: In this retrospective, IRB approved study MDCT was performed in 102 consecutive patients (73 males; 55years, IQR48-64) with acute pancreatitis...
November 2016: European Journal of Radiology
Andrea Szentesi, Emese Tóth, Emese Bálint, Júlia Fanczal, Tamara Madácsy, Dorottya Laczkó, Imre Ignáth, Anita Balázs, Petra Pallagi, József Maléth, Zoltán Rakonczay, Balázs Kui, Dóra Illés, Katalin Márta, Ágnes Blaskó, Alexandra Demcsák, Andrea Párniczky, Gabriella Pár, Szilárd Gódi, Dóra Mosztbacher, Ákos Szücs, Adrienn Halász, Ferenc Izbéki, Nelli Farkas, Péter Hegyi
OBJECTIVE: Biomedical investment trends in 2015 show a huge decrease of investment in gastroenterology. Since academic research usually provides the basis for industrial research and development (R&D), our aim was to understand research trends in the field of gastroenterology over the last 50 years and identify the most endangered areas. METHODS: We searched for PubMed hits for gastrointestinal (GI) diseases for the 1965-2015 period. Overall, 1,554,325 articles were analyzed...
2016: PloS One
Guojian Yin, Guoyong Hu, Rong Wan, Ge Yu, Xiaofeng Cang, Jie Xiong, Jianbo Ni, Yanling Hu, Miao Xing, Yuting Fan, Wenqin Xiao, Lei Qiu, Maochun Tang, Yan Zhao, Shaofeng Wang, Xingpeng Wang
OBJECTIVES: Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have shown an obvious protective effect on acute pancreatitis (AP). The purpose of the present study was to analyze the effect of bone marrow MSC-derived microvesicles (bmMSC-MVs) on AP and explore the underlying mechanisms. METHODS: Bone marrow MSCs and bmMSC-MVs were isolated from Sprague-Dawley rats. Cerulein-induced mild AP (MAP) and sodium taurocholate-induced severe AP (SAP) were used as AP models in vivo and in vitro...
October 2016: Pancreas
X Liu, J Wang, Z-H Li
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the role of glutamine-supplemented total parenteral nutrition (TPN) in severe acute pancreatitis. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Forty-seven patients with severe acute pancreatitis were admitted to Huaihe Hospital, China, over a period of one year (July 2013 to June 2014) were randomly divided into two therapeutic groups. Patients in group 1 (24 patients in total) and group 2 (23 patient in total) were treated with glutamine-supplemented TPN and standard TPN respectively...
October 2016: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
Katalin Márta, Nelli Farkas, Imre Szabó, Anita Illés, Áron Vincze, Gabriella Pár, Patrícia Sarlós, Judit Bajor, Ákos Szűcs, József Czimmer, Dóra Mosztbacher, Andrea Párniczky, Kata Szemes, Dániel Pécsi, Péter Hegyi
The recently published guidelines for acute pancreatitis (AP) suggest that enteral nutrition (EN) should be the primary therapy in patients suffering from severe acute pancreatitis (SAP); however, none of the guidelines have recommendations on mild and moderate AP (MAP). A meta-analysis was performed using the preferred reporting items for systematic review and meta-analysis protocols (PRISMA-P). The following PICO (problem, intervention, comparison, outcome) was applied: P: nutrition in AP; I: enteral nutrition (EN); C: nil per os diet (NPO); and O: outcome...
October 20, 2016: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
I Diallo, C A Fall, B Ndiaye, M Mbaye, I Diedhiou, A R Ndiaye, P S Diawara, F Fall, P S Mbaye, S B Gning
Primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) is rarely associated with the occurrence of acute or chronic pancreatitis. Hypercalcemia plays a major role in the pathogenesis. We report five cases of pancreatitis revealing PHPT. Patients and Methods. This is a retrospective study of 4 years, including all patients admitted to intensive care unit or gastroenterology department, for an acute or chronic pancreatitis revealing primary hyperparathyroidism. Results. We included 5 patients, all female, with mean age 54 years [40-76 years]...
2016: International Scholarly Research Notices
Milena V Oliveira, Soraia C Abreu, Gisele A Padilha, Nazareth N Rocha, Lígia A Maia, Christina M Takiya, Debora G Xisto, Bela Suki, Pedro L Silva, Patricia R M Rocco
Many experimental models have been proposed to study the pathophysiological features of emphysema, as well as to search for new therapeutic approaches for acute or chronically injured lung parenchyma. We aimed to characterize an emphysema model induced by multiple instillations of elastase by tracking changes in inflammation, remodeling, and cardiac function after each instillation. Forty-eight C57BL/6 mice were randomly assigned across two groups. Emphysema (ELA) animals received 1, 2, 3, or 4 intratracheal instillations of pancreatic porcine elastase (PPE, 0...
2016: Frontiers in Physiology
Ryo Fujiwara, Mitsuhiro Narita, Susumu Kageyama, Akihiro Kawauchi, Takahisa Nakayama, Natsumi Nishi, Hiroyuki Sugihara, Yusaku Okada
A 67-year-old man presented at our hospital with severe edema on the left side of his neck, chest and brachial regions. He had a history of right radical nephrectomy due to renal cell carcinoma (RCC, clear cell subtype, stage II) 15 years earlier. Thereafter, metastases to the pancreatic tail and right lung, and left lung metastasis were removed at 8 years and 11 years, respectively, after the nephrectomy. Four years earlier, he had also undergone total gastrectomy for gastric carcinoma (poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma, stage IV) and subsequent maintenance chemotherapy for gastric carcinoma...
September 2016: Hinyokika Kiyo. Acta Urologica Japonica
Xinghui Li, Ling Zhuang, Xiaoming Zhang, Jian Wang, Tianwu Chen, Liangjun Li, Emmanuel Ajedichiga Aduah, Jiani Hu
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0160115.].
2016: PloS One
Gleim Dias de Souza, Luciana Rodrigues Queiroz Souza, Ronaldo Máfia Cuenca, Bárbara Stephane de Medeiros Jerônimo, Guilherme Medeiros de Souza, Vinícius Martins Vilela
Introduction: Contrast computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging are widely used due to its image quality and ability to study pancreatic and peripancreatic morphology. The understanding of the various subtypes of the disease and identification of possible complications requires a familiarity with the terminology, which allows effective communication between the different members of the multidisciplinary team. Aim: Demonstrate the terminology and parameters to identify the different classifications and findings of the disease based on the international consensus for acute pancreatitis ( Atlanta Classification 2012)...
July 2016: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cirurgia Digestiva: ABCD, Brazilian Archives of Digestive Surgery
Wen-Guo Chen, Guo-Dong Shan, Hong Zhang, Ming Yang, Lin L, Min Yue, Guang-Wu Chen, Qing Gu, Hua-Tuo Zhu, Guo-Qiang Xu, Li-Hua Chen
The aim of the study was to evaluate the diagnostic and therapeutic value of double-balloon entoroscopy (DBE) in small bowel diseases (SBDs) in China.A retrospective review of 674 consecutive patients who underwent DBE between January 2007 and November 2015 was conducted. Patients were divided into 3 groups by age, young group (<45 years), middle-aged group (45-65 years), and elderly group (>65 years). Data were collected with regard to demographics, clinical, endoscopic findings, complications, diagnostic yield, and management...
October 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Amit Shrivastava, Jagadeesh Singh Rampal, D Nageshwar Reddy, Guduru Venkat Rao
BACKGROUND: Gastro-Intestinal bleeding remains a frequent clinical dilemma and common cause of hospitalization, morbidity and mortality. CASE REPORT: We report a case of pseudo aneurysm of splenic artery developed after an episode of acute on chronic pancreatitis which was treated by direct percutaneous puncture of pseudoaneurysm and embolization by coils. CONCLUSIONS: The aim was to preserve the main splenic artery and avoid the complications of splenic artery embolization like infarcts and abscess...
2016: Polish Journal of Radiology
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