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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735172/exposure-to-intimate-partner-violence-in-utero-and-infant-internalizing-behaviors-moderation-by-salivary-cortisol-alpha-amylase-asymmetry
#1
Cecilia Martinez-Torteya, G Anne Bogat, Joseph S Lonstein, Douglas A Granger, Alytia A Levendosky
Guided by the main tenets of contemporary models of the developmental origins of health and disease, this study evaluated whether individual differences in reactivity of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis and Sympathetic Nervous System (SNS) moderate the effect of prenatal exposure to trauma on internalizing and externalizing behaviors during infancy. Participants were a community sample of 182 mothers (M age=25years, 43% Caucasian, 33% Black/African American, 24% Biracial/Other) and their infants (59% girls; M age=11...
July 20, 2017: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733965/molecular-communication-over-gas-stream-channels-using-portable-mass-spectrometry
#2
Stamatios Giannoukos, Alan Marshall, Stephen Taylor, Jeremy Smith
The synthetic generation/coding and transmission of olfactory information over a gas stream or an odor network is a new and unexplored field. Application areas vary from the entertainment or advertisement industry to security and telemedicine. However, current technological limitations frustrate the accurate reproduction of decoded and transmitted olfactory data. This study describes the development, testing, and characterization of a novel odor emitter (OE) that is used to investigate the generation-encoding of gaseous standards with odorous characteristics with a regulatable way, for scent transmission purposes...
July 21, 2017: Journal of the American Society for Mass Spectrometry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733881/a-dft-study-of-hydrogen-and-methane-activation-by-b-c6f5-3-p-t-bu-3-and-al-c6f5-3-p-t-bu-3-frustrated-lewis-pairs
#3
Nery Villegas-Escobar, Alejandro Toro-Labbé, Marcos Becerra, Misael Real-Enriquez, Jose R Mora, Luis Rincon
This contribution presents a computational study aimed at understanding factors affecting barriers associated with the activation of the H-H bond in molecular hydrogen and the H-CH3 bond in methane mediated by intermolecular Frustrated Lewis Pairs (FLPs). The classical phosphine P(t-Bu)3 Lewis base in conjunction with two Lewis acids, B(C6F5)3 and Al(C6F5)3, were used as representative models of intermolecular FLPs. DFT calculations were performed using the dispersion corrected ωB97x-D functional, including toluene as a solvent through the PCM-SMD implicit solvent scheme...
August 2017: Journal of Molecular Modeling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733461/should-heart-failure-be-regarded-as-a-terminal-illness-requiring-palliative-care-a-study-of-heart-failure-patients-carers-and-clinicians-understanding-of-heart-failure-prognosis-and-its-management
#4
Rachel Stocker, Helen Close, Helen Hancock, A Pali S Hungin
OBJECTIVES: Communication and planning for heart failure (HF) care near the end of life is known to be complex. Little is known about how the patient experience of palliative assessment and communication needs change over time, and how this might inform management. Our aim was to explore experiences of giving or receiving a prognosis and advanced palliative care planning (ACP) for those with HF. METHODS: We carried out a longitudinal grounded theory study, employing in-depth interviews with 14 clinicians (primary and secondary care) and observations of clinic and home appointments, followed by a series of interviews with 13 patients with HF and 9 carers...
July 21, 2017: BMJ Supportive & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731898/steady-progress-toward-a-malaria-vaccine
#5
Kirsten E Lyke
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Great progress has been made in reducing malaria morbidity and mortality, yet the parasite continues to cause a startling 200 million infections and 500 000 deaths annually. Malaria vaccine development is pushing new boundaries by steady advancement toward a licensed product. RECENT FINDINGS: Despite 50 years of research, the complexity of Plasmoidum falciparum confounds all attempts to eradicate the organism. This very complexity has pushed the boundaries of vaccine development to new heights, yet it remains to be seen if an affordable vaccine can provide durable and high-level protection...
July 20, 2017: Current Opinion in Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731710/computational-calorimetry-of-pnipam-cononsolvency-in-water-methanol-mixtures
#6
Cahit Dalgicdir, Francisco Rodriguez-Ropero, Nico F A van der Vegt
We revisit the mechanism for cononsolvency of PNIPAM in water/methanol mixtures. Using extensive molecular dynamics simulations we calculate the calorimetric enthalpy of the PNIPAM collapse transition and observe a unique fingerprint of PNIPAM cononsolvency which is analysed in terms of microscopic interactions. We find that polymer hydration is the determining factor for PNIPAM collapse in the cononsolvency regime. In particular, it is shown that methanol frustrates the ability of water to form hydrogen bonds with the amide proton and therefore causes polymer collapse...
July 21, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry. B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731509/keeping-safe-continuous-glucose-monitoring-cgm-in-persons-with-type-1-diabetes-and-impaired-awareness-of-hypoglycaemia-a-qualitative-study
#7
A F Vloemans, C A J van Beers, M de Wit, W Cleijne, S M Rondags, P H Geelhoed-Duijvestijn, M H H Kramer, E H Serné, F J Snoek
AIM: To further our understanding of individual use and experience of continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) in adults with Type 1 diabetes and impaired awareness of hypoglycaemia, we conducted a qualitative study supplementary to a randomized controlled trial, using semi-structured interviews. METHODS: Twenty-three participants of the IN CONTROL trial were interviewed within 4 weeks after the last study visit. The interview centred around experiences of CGM, taking into account the person's expectations prior to the trial...
July 21, 2017: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731423/magnetic-properties-of-monoclinic-lanthanide-metaborates-i-ln-i-bo-sub-2-sub-sub-3-sub-i-ln-i-pr-nd-gd-tb
#8
Paromita Mukherjee, Emma Suard, S E Dutton
The bulk magnetic properties of the lanthanide metaborates, <i>Ln</i>(BO<sub>2</sub>)<sub>3</sub>, <i>Ln</i> = Pr, Nd, Gd, Tb are studied using magnetic susceptibility, heat capacity and isothermal magnetisation measurements. They crystallise in a monoclinic structure containing chains of magnetic <i>Ln</i><sup>3+</sup> and could therefore exhibit features of low-dimensional magnetism and frustration. Pr(BO<sub>2</sub>)<sub>3</sub> is found to have a non-magnetic singlet ground state...
July 21, 2017: Journal of Physics. Condensed Matter: An Institute of Physics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730236/root-fractures-epidemiological-clinical-and-radiographic-aspects
#9
Sanda Mihaela Popescu, Oana Andreea Diaconu, Monica Scrieciu, Iulia Roxana Marinescu, Emma Cristina Drăghici, Anca Gabriela Truşcă, Alexandra Carina Bănică, Mihaela Vătu, Veronica MercuŢ
Chronic root fractures are a relative frequent dental condition, occurring both in vital teeth and in teeth with root canal treatment, with a difficult and frustrating diagnosis. Two clinical forms are described: crown-root fractures with crown origin and vertical root fractures with root origin. The aim of the study was to determine the prevalence of the root fractured extracted teeth in two dental clinics with different profile [oral rehabilitation (OR) and endodontics (E)] and to present some particular aspects of the root fractures...
2017: Romanian Journal of Morphology and Embryology, Revue Roumaine de Morphologie et Embryologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728638/age-related-changes-in-associations-between-reasons-for-alcohol-use-and-high-intensity-drinking-across-young-adulthood
#10
Megan E Patrick, Rebecca Evans-Polce, Deborah D Kloska, Jennifer L Maggs, Stephanie T Lanza
OBJECTIVE: Analyses focus on whether self-reported reasons for drinking alcohol change in their associations with high-intensity drinking across the transition to adulthood. METHOD: Self-report data on high-intensity drinking (10+ drinks) collected from the national Monitoring the Future study in 2005 to 2014 from those ages 18-26 were used (N = 2,664 [60% women] for all drinkers and 1,377 for heavy episodic [5+] drinkers; up to 6,541 person-waves). Time-varying effect modeling examined changes in the direction and magnitude of associations between eight reasons for drinking and high-intensity alcohol use across continuous age...
July 2017: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726675/sensitivity-of-magnetic-properties-to-chemical-pressure-in-lanthanide-garnets-i-ln-i-sub-3-sub-i-a-i-sub-2-sub-i-x-i-sub-3-sub-o-sub-12-sub-i-ln-i-gd-tb-dy-ho-i-a-i-ga-sc-in-te-i-x-i-ga-al-li
#11
Paromita Mukherjee, Alice C Sackville Hamilton, Hugh F J Glass, S E Dutton
A systematic study of the structural and magnetic properties of three-dimensionally frustrated lanthanide garnets <i>Ln</i><sub>3</sub><i>A</i><sub>2</sub><i>X</i><sub>3</sub>O<sub>12</sub>, <i>Ln</i> = Gd, Tb, Dy, Ho, <i>A</i> = Ga, Sc, In, Te, <i>X</i> = Ga, Al, Li is presented. Garnets with <i>Ln</i> = Gd show magnetic behaviour consistent with isotropic Gd<sup>3+</sup> spins; no magnetic ordering is observed for <i>T</i> ≥ 0...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Physics. Condensed Matter: An Institute of Physics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725618/medical-management-of-chronic-orchialgia
#12
REVIEW
Nathan R Starke, Raymond A Costabile
Chronic idiopathic orchialgia is a urologic disease process that is as frustrating as it is common. While no consensus exists on management for otherwise-unexplained testicular pain, most providers would agree that once other treatable organic causes are ruled out, initial management should be symptom focused, and should be medical rather than surgical. This chapter presents a review of the evidence available for a variety of pharmacotherapies commonly employed in the treatment of idiopathic chronic orchialgia...
May 2017: Translational Andrology and Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725615/chronic-scrotal-pain-and-microsurgical-spermatic-cord-denervation-tricks-of-the-trade
#13
REVIEW
Alex Tatem, Jason R Kovac
Every practicing urologist encounters patients complaining of chronic scrotal content pain (CSCP). This condition can be equally frustrating for both patients and clinicians as there are no clear treatment guidelines, or pathways, for urologists to follow. As a result, most patients typically seek out multiple providers without improvements in their symptoms. Fortunately, microsurgical spermatic cord denervation (MSCD) is becoming an accepted, reliable and reproducible technique for definitively addressing CSCP in select patients...
May 2017: Translational Andrology and Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725610/extirpative-surgery-for-chronic-orchialgia-is-there-a-role
#14
REVIEW
Gregory Lowe
Chronic orchialgia is a difficult and frustrating condition for both the patient and clinician. Determining appropriate course of therapy should require extensive conservative measures and consideration of alternative surgical options prior to concluding an orchiectomy is warranted. This manuscript aims to provide the clinician with the information currently available to determine if the anticipated success rate is warranted to consider extirpative surgery for idiopathic chronic orchialgia.
May 2017: Translational Andrology and Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723249/experiences-of-individuals-with-visual-impairments-in-integrated-physical-education-a-retrospective-study
#15
Justin A Haegele, Xihe Zhu
PURPOSE: The purpose of this retrospective study was to examine the experiences of adults with visual impairments during school-based integrated physical education (PE). METHOD: An interpretative phenomenological analysis (IPA) research approach was used and 16 adults (ages 21-48 years; 10 women, 6 men) with visual impairments acted as participants for this study. The primary sources of data were semistructured audiotaped telephone interviews and reflective field notes, which were recorded during and immediately following each interview...
July 19, 2017: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719066/insights-into-optimal-basal-insulin-titration-in-type-2-diabetes-results-of-a-quantitative-survey
#16
Lori Berard, Mireille Bonnemaire, Marie Mical, Steve Edelman
AIMS: Basal insulin (BI) treatment initiation and dose titration in type 2 diabetes (T2DM) are often delayed. Such "clinical inertia" results in poor glycemic control and high risk of long-term complications. This survey aimed to determine healthcare professional (HCP) and patient attitudes to BI initiation and titration. METHODS: An online survey (July-August 2015) including HCPs and patients with T2DM in the USA, France and Germany. Patients were ≥18 years old and had been on BI for 6-36 months, or discontinued BI within the previous 12 months...
July 18, 2017: Diabetes, Obesity & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716619/attachment-insecurity-in-advanced-cancer-patients-psychometric-properties-of-the-german-version-of-the-brief-experiences-in-close-relationships-scale-ecr-m16-g
#17
Philipp Rebecca, Vehling Sigrun, Scheffold Katharina, Grünke Britta, Härter Martin, Mehnert Anja, Schulz-Kindermann Frank, Lo Christopher
CONTEXT: Attachment insecurity refers to difficulty in trusting and relying on others in times of need. Its underlying factors attachment anxiety and attachment avoidance have been empirically associated with impaired coping in advanced cancer, and therefore should be considered in individually tailored medical and psychosocial treatment. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the psychometric properties of the German translation of the Brief Experiences in Close Relationships Scale (ECR-M16-G)...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715533/diagnosis-and-treatment-of-ankyloglossia-in-newborns-and-infants-a-review
#18
Jonathan Walsh, David Tunkel
Importance: The influence of tongue tie, or ankyloglossia, on breastfeeding is the subject of growing debate. Restriction of tongue mobility from the frenulum varies greatly among newborns and infants (hereinafter referred to as infants). Controversies about whether an infant has ankyloglossia and which infants need treatment are evident with wide variations in medical practice and a lack of high-quality clinical studies that provide guidance. Observations: Diagnosis and management of ankyloglossia in infants can be a source of confusion and frustration for clinicians and families...
July 13, 2017: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714460/magnetic-behavior-of-metallic-kagome-lattices-tb3ru4al12-and-er3ru4al12
#19
Sanjay Kumar Upadhyay, Kartik K Iyer, E V Sampathkumaran
We report the magnetic behavior of two intermetallic-based kagome lattices, Tb3Ru4Al12 and Er3Ru4Al12, crystallizing in the Gd3Ru4Al2-type hexagonal crystal structure, by measurements in the range 1.8-300 K with bulk experimental techniques (ac and dc magnetization, heat capacity, and magnetoresistance). The main finding is that the Tb compound, known to order antiferromagnetically below (T N =) 22 K, shows glassy characteristics at lower temperatures ([Formula: see text]15 K), thus characterizing this compound as a re-entrant spin-glass...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Physics. Condensed Matter: An Institute of Physics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712688/the-role-of-the-operating-room-in-medical-student-education-differing-perspectives-of-learners-and-educators
#20
Rebecca O'Neill, Michael Shapiro, Aziz Merchant
OBJECTIVE: The surgical clerkship is an integral part of third-year medical student education. The operating room (OR) is a heavily used setting, but it is unclear whether this setting is as effective as possible. To determine the role of the OR and potential improvements, it is necessary to analyze the perspectives of those involved, including surgeons, residents, and medical students. DESIGN: An electronic survey was distributed to the surgeons, surgical residents, and third-year medical students associated with Rutgers New Jersey Medical School...
July 13, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
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