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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667519/an-investigation-of-factors-affecting-the-performance-of-wheelchair-transfers
#1
Giulia Barbareschi, Catherine Holloway
PURPOSE: Being able to transfer in and out of their wheelchair is an important task for wheelchair users that can be affected by a variety of different factors. The aim of this study was to investigate the interplay between personal characteristics, wheelchair users' transferring technique and the other factors that can affect the performance of wheelchair transfers. METHOD: A cross-sectional survey study was designed to recruit wheelchair users, aged 18 or older, performing sitting-pivot or standing-pivot wheelchair transfers, independently or with assistance...
April 18, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667223/mental-health-and-well-being-in-parents-of-excessively-crying-infants-prospective-evaluation-of-a-support-package
#2
C Powell, D Bamber, J Long, R Garratt, J Brown, S Rudge, T Morris, N Bhupendra Jaicim, R Plachcinski, S Dyson, E M Boyle, I St James-Roberts
BACKGROUND: During the first 4 months of age, approximately 20% of infants cry a lot without an apparent reason. Most research has targeted the crying, but the impact of the crying on parents, and subsequent outcomes, need to receive equal attention. This study reports the findings from a prospective evaluation of a package of materials designed to support the well-being and mental health of parents who judge their infant to be crying excessively. The resulting "Surviving Crying" package comprised a website, printed materials, and programme of Cognitive Behaviour Therapy-based support sessions delivered to parents by a qualified practitioner...
April 17, 2018: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662953/accelerated-discovery-of-metallic-glasses-through-iteration-of-machine-learning-and-high-throughput-experiments
#3
Fang Ren, Logan Ward, Travis Williams, Kevin J Laws, Christopher Wolverton, Jason Hattrick-Simpers, Apurva Mehta
With more than a hundred elements in the periodic table, a large number of potential new materials exist to address the technological and societal challenges we face today; however, without some guidance, searching through this vast combinatorial space is frustratingly slow and expensive, especially for materials strongly influenced by processing. We train a machine learning (ML) model on previously reported observations, parameters from physiochemical theories, and make it synthesis method-dependent to guide high-throughput (HiTp) experiments to find a new system of metallic glasses in the Co-V-Zr ternary...
April 2018: Science Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662295/should-hot-biopsy-forceps-be-abandoned-for-polypectomy-of-diminutive-colorectal-polyps
#4
Vasileios Panteris, Antonios Vezakis, J K Triantafillidis
Standardized approach to polypectomy of diminutive colorectal polyps (DCPs) is lacking since cold biopsy forceps have been associated with high levels of recurrence, hot biopsy forceps are considered inadequate and risky and cold snaring is currently under investigation for its efficacy and safety. This has led to confusion and a gap in clinical practice. This article discusses the usefulness and contemporary practical applicability of hot biopsy forceps and provides well-intentioned criticism of the new European guidelines for the treatment of DCPs...
April 14, 2018: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661752/a-novel-information-retrieval-tool-to-find-hospital-care-team-members-development-and-usability-study
#5
Kyle Morawski, Craig Monsen, Sukhjit Takhar, Adam Landman
BACKGROUND: Hospital communication among members of a patient's care team is a central part of clinical workflow and consumes a large amount of a health care provider's time. Oftentimes the complexity of hospital care leads to difficulty in finding the appropriate contact, which can lead to inefficiencies and frustration. Squire is a Web-based information retrieval app created to improve the speed and efficiency in reaching the appropriate team member during the care of a hospitalized patient...
April 16, 2018: JMIR Human Factors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661086/consequences-of-non-medical-switch-among-patients-with-type-2-diabetes
#6
Natalia M Flores, Charmi A Patel, Brahim K Bookhart, Shaffeeulah Bacchus
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to describe real-world experiences following a non-medical switch among adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in the United States. METHODS: For this cross-sectional study, patients with T2DM (N = 451) provided data on demographics and how a non-medical switch of their anti-hyperglycemic agent (AHA) affected their general health, HbA1c levels, and medication management via an Internet-based survey. Patients self-reported their level of satisfaction with the original medication and emotional reactions to the non-medical switch...
April 17, 2018: Current Medical Research and Opinion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659203/a-qualitative-study-to-assess-how-primary-care-versus-psychiatric-providers-evaluate-and-treat-pediatric-patients-with-irritability
#7
Anna L Scandinaro, Usman Hameed, Cheryl A Dellasega
Objective: To determine how primary care versus specialist practitioners assess and treat school-aged children with irritability. Methods: Seventeen providers from family medicine, pediatrics, and psychiatry participated in in-depth interviews from June to August 2016 about the process they use to evaluate irritability. Data on demographic traits and measures of confidence were also collected. Results: Primary care (family medicine and pediatrics) participants expressed frustration over the lack of time and specialized knowledge they had to accurately assess children with irritability, even though they were often the first clinician consulted when problems arose...
April 5, 2018: Primary Care Companion to CNS Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656511/neuropathic-pain-a-patient-centred-approach-to-measuring-outcomes
#8
Steve Hwang, Floortje van Nooten, Ted Wells, Aisling Ryan, Bruce Crawford, Christopher Evans, Marci English
BACKGROUND: Neuropathic pain (NP) is a complex, chronic pain state initiated by a primary lesion or dysfunction of the nervous system and presents as a variety of symptoms across multiple disease states. OBJECTIVE: To develop a patient-centred conceptual model of symptoms and impacts in subjects with diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN) or post-herpetic neuralgia (PHN) that can inform the measurement strategy in clinical trials. METHOD: Thirty subjects with DPN or PHN participated in in-person interviews which were performed until saturation was achieved...
April 15, 2018: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656475/hydrogenation-of-multiple-bonds-by-geminal-aminoborane-based-frustrated-lewis-pairs
#9
Diana Yepes, Pablo Jaque, Israel Fernandez
By means of Density Functional Theory calculations, the hydrogenation reaction of multiple bonds mediated by geminal aminoborane-based frustrated Lewis pairs (FLPs) has been explored. It is found that the release of the activated dihydrogen occurs in a concerted, yet highly asynchronous, manner. The physical factors controlling the transformation are quantitatively described in detail by means of the Activation Strain Model of reactivity in combination with the Energy Decomposition Analysis method. This approach suggests a cooperative double hydrogen transfer mechanism which is initiated by the migration of the protic (N)H and followed by the nucleophilic attack of the hydride (B)H to the carbon atom of the multiple bond...
April 14, 2018: Chemistry: a European Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655581/paternal-understanding-of-menstrual-concerns-in-young-women
#10
Jane E Girling, Samuel Cj Hawthorne, Jennifer L Marino, Abdul G Nur Azurah, Sonia R Grover, Yasmin L Jayasinghe
STUDY OBJECTIVE: No studies have specifically considered paternal understanding of menstruation. This study aimed to establish the degree of understanding of fathers of adolescent girls with menstrual symptoms relative to mothers. DESIGN AND SETTING: This is a cross-sectional survey-based study. Adolescent patients attending an outpatient gynaecology clinic for dysmenorrhoea and/or heavy menstrual bleeding (HMB) and their parents were invited to complete surveys...
April 12, 2018: Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29653159/phosphorylation-induced-changes-in-the-energetic-frustration-in-human-tank-binding-kinase-1
#11
Shahrukh Husain, Vijay Kumar, Md Imtaiyaz Hassan
Tank binding kinase 1 (TBK-1) plays an important role in immunity, inflammation, autophagy, cell growth and proliferation. Nevertheless, a key molecular and structural detail of TBK-1 phosphorylation and activation has been largely unknown. Here we investigated the energy landscape of phosphorylated (active) and unphosphorylated (inactive) forms of human TBK-1 to characterize the interplay between phosphorylation and local frustration. By employing the algorithm equipped with energy function and implemented in Frustratometer web-server (http://www...
April 10, 2018: Journal of Theoretical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652214/staff-perceptions-of-symptoms-approaches-to-assessment-and-challenges-to-assessment-among-children-with-cancer
#12
Lauri A Linder, Sarah E Wawrzynski
Nurses are often the first to recognize and respond to children's symptoms. This descriptive, exploratory study characterized how pediatric oncology health care providers characterize and assess children's cancer-related symptoms. The study also explored challenges associated with symptom assessment and information perceived as helpful in planning interventions. The setting was a Children's Oncology Group-affiliated hospital in the Intermountain West of the United States. Twenty-two pediatric oncology health care providers (95% female; 68% nurses) participated in one of four focus group sessions...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Oncology Nursing: Official Journal of the Association of Pediatric Oncology Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651987/measuring-the-excitations-in-a-new-s-1-2-quantum-spin-chain-material-with-competing-interactions
#13
Kirrily C Rule, Richard Mole, Jack Zanardo, Anwen Krause-Heuer, Tamim Darwish, Michael L F Lerch, Dehong Yu
Recently a new one-dimensional (1D) quantum spin chain system has been reported: catena-dichloro(2-Cl-3Mpy)copper(II), [where 2-Cl-3Mpy=2-chloro-3-methylpyridine]. Preliminary calculations and bulk magnetic property measurements indicate that this system does not undergo magnetic ordering down to 1.8 K and is a prime candidate for investigating frustration in a J<sub>1</sub>/J<sub>2</sub> system (where the nearest neighbour interactions, J<sub>1</sub>, are ferromagnetic and the next nearest neighbour interactions, J<sub>2</sub>, are antiferromagnetic)...
April 13, 2018: Journal of Physics. Condensed Matter: An Institute of Physics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651387/synchronous-soleus-and-reverse-sural-flap-for-large-soft-tissue-defect-reconstruction-of-leg
#14
Seyed Esmail Hassanpour, Masoud Yavari, Amir Reza Motabar
BACKGROUND: Extended Soft tissue defect of leg including middle and distal parts always has been a challenge for many plastic surgeons and also a frustrated problem for patients and families. To introduce the use of the soleus muscle and reverse sural flaps as synchronous surgical treatment alternative of the leg bone exposure with large soft tissue defect, this study was conducted. METHODS: The medical records of patients undergoing transposition of the soleus muscle for treating exposed bone in the leg and simultaneous sural flap were retrospectively analyzed from January 2009 to July 2014, while gathering information on the used muscle was to cover the lesion...
January 2018: World Journal of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650650/alpha-centauri-s-siren-call-has-frustrated-planet-hunters
#15
Daniel Clery
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 13, 2018: Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649079/in-search-of-mobile-applications-for-urogynecology-providers
#16
Shannon L Wallace, Shailja Mehta, Sara Farag, Robert S Kelley, Katherine T Chen
INTRODUCTION: Thousands of medical applications (apps) are available for mobile devices. Finding accurate, health care provider-centered apps may be time consuming and frustrating for urogynecologists. The objective of this study was to identify and evaluate urogynecology (urogyn) apps using a modified APPLICATIONS scoring system. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Urogyn apps were identified from the Apple iTunes and Google Play Stores using the following 10 MeSH terms: urogynecology, incontinence, prolapse, urinary tract infection, pelvic surgery, fecal incontinence, defecation disorder, voiding disorder, urethral diverticulum, and fistula...
April 11, 2018: Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29648943/who-skips-using-temperament-to-explain-differential-outcomes-of-a-motor-competence-intervention-for-preschoolers
#17
Sally A Taunton, Kelly Lynn Mulvey, Ali S Brian
PURPOSE: Although motor skill interventions often improve fundamental motor skills (FMS) during preschool, the extent of individual children's success in development of FMS still varies among children receiving the same intervention. Temperament is multifaceted and includes negative affect (high levels of frustration or anger), effortful control (focus, self-regulation, and concentration), and surgency (energy and activity level). Temperament often influences cognitive, social, and behavioral outcomes and may be a significant factor in the development of FMS...
April 12, 2018: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643349/chirality-controlled-crystallization-via-screw-dislocations
#18
Baeckkyoung Sung, Alexis de la Cotte, Eric Grelet
Chirality plays an important role in science from enantiomeric separation in chemistry to chiral plasmonics in nanotechnology. However, the understanding of chirality amplification from chiral building blocks to ordered helical superstructures remains a challenge. Here, we demonstrate that topological defects, such as screw dislocations, can drive the chirality transfer from particle to supramolecular structure level during the crystallization process. By using a model system of chiral particles, which enables direct imaging of single particle incorporation into growing crystals, we show that the crystallization kinetic pathway is the key parameter for monitoring, via the defects, the chirality amplification of the crystalline structures from racemic to predominantly homohelical...
April 11, 2018: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642722/the-personality-motivational-and-need-based-background-of-problematic-tinder-use
#19
Gábor Orosz, Mária Benyó, Bernadett Berkes, Edina Nikoletti, Éva Gál, István Tóth-Király, Beáta Bőthe
Background and aims Tinder is a geo-located online dating application, which is present in almost 200 countries and has 10 million daily users. The aim of the present research was to investigate the motivational, personality, and basic psychological need-related background of problematic Tinder use. Methods After qualitative pretest and item construction, in Study 1 (N = 414), confirmatory factor analysis was conducted to corroborate the different motivational factors behind Tinder use. In Study 2 (N = 346), the associations between Big Five traits, Tinder motivations, and problematic Tinder use were examined with structural equation modeling (SEM)...
April 12, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627863/the-codesign-of-an-interdisciplinary-team-based-intervention-regarding-initiating-palliative-care-in-pediatric-oncology
#20
Douglas L Hill, Jennifer K Walter, Jessica A Casas, Concetta DiDomenico, Julia E Szymczak, Chris Feudtner
PURPOSE: Children with advanced cancer are often not referred to palliative or hospice care before they die or are only referred close to the child's death. The goals of the current project were to learn about pediatric oncology team members' perspectives on palliative care, to collaborate with team members to modify and tailor three separate interdisciplinary team-based interventions regarding initiating palliative care, and to assess the feasibility of this collaborative approach. METHODS: We used a modified version of experience-based codesign (EBCD) involving members of the pediatric palliative care team and three interdisciplinary pediatric oncology teams (Bone Marrow Transplant, Neuro-Oncology, and Solid Tumor) to review and tailor materials for three team-based interventions...
April 7, 2018: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
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