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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340450/health-promotion-and-psychological-interventions-for-adolescent-and-young-adult-cancer-survivors-a-systematic-literature-review
#1
REVIEW
Natalie Katrina Bradford, Raymond Javan Chan
BACKGROUND: The effects of cancer and treatment have severe and long lasting negative impacts on quality of life. Adolescents and Young Adults (AYA) have high survival rates but may not reach their full life potential because of these consequences. This review aims to identify, appraise and synthesise the effects of health promotion and psychological interventions for AYA after cancer treatment. METHODS: The review was undertaken using the preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analyses guidelines...
March 6, 2017: Cancer Treatment Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340445/an-updated-meta-analysis-short-term-therapeutic-effects-of-repeated-transcranial-magnetic-stimulation-in-treating-obsessive-compulsive-disorder
#2
REVIEW
Dong-Dong Zhou, Wo Wang, Gao-Mao Wang, Da-Qi Li, Li Kuang
BACKGROUND: This study was conducted to evaluate the short-term therapeutic effects of using repeated transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) to treat obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and to examine potential influencing factors. METHOD: We searched the PubMed, EMBASE, CENTRAL, Wanfang, CNKI, and Sinomed databases on September 18, 2016 and reviewed the references of previous meta-analyses. Sham-controlled, randomized clinical trials using rTMS to treat OCD were included...
March 18, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340428/vaccination-as-a-control-strategy-against-salmonella-infection-in-pigs-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-the-literature
#3
REVIEW
M L de la Cruz, I Conrado, A Nault, A Perez, L Dominguez, J Alvarez
Consumption or handling of improperly processed or cooked pork is considered one of the top sources for foodborne salmonellosis, a common cause of intestinal disease worldwide. Asymptomatic carrier pigs may contaminate pork at slaughtering; therefore, pre-harvest reduction of Salmonella load can contribute to reduce public health risk. Multiple studies have evaluated the impact of vaccination on controlling Salmonella in swine farms, but results are highly variable due to the heterogeneity in vaccines and vaccination protocols...
March 11, 2017: Research in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340318/is-there-a-relationship-between-postural-alignment-and-mobility-for-adults-after-acquired-brain-injury-a-systematic-review
#4
Simon J Mills, Michelle N McDonnell, Dominic Thewlis, Shylie Mackintosh
PRIMARY OBJECTIVE: To examine the relationship between postural alignment and mobility skills for adults after acquired brain injury (ABI). METHODS: Systematic review of the literature. Seven electronic databases, grey literature and reference lists of the shortlisted publications were searched. Studies were included if participants were adults with ABI, both postural alignment and mobility were measured and analysis included a relationship between alignment and mobility...
March 24, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340268/is-differential-expression-of-p16ink4a-based-on-the-classification-of-uterine-smooth-muscle-tumors-associated-with-a-different-prognosis-a-meta-analysis
#5
H Y Cao, S Yang, S Wang, L Y Deng, J Y Lou
We conducted a meta-analysis to examine p16INK4a expression in uterine smooth muscle tumors (USMTs). Although the prognostic value of tumor suppressor p16INK4a has been elucidated in a variety of cancers and precancerous lesions, its role in USMTs is not well established. We searched PubMed, Web of Science, and Embase for publication son p16INK4a expression in USMTs. Strict inclusion and exclusion criteria were imposed. Risk ratios (RRs) with 95% confidence intervals (95%CIs) were calculated to assess the strength of association...
March 22, 2017: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340216/meta-analysis-of-statins-in-chronic-kidney-disease-who-benefits
#6
C M Messow, C Isles
Background: Attempts to reduce the burden of vascular disease in advanced chronic kidney disease (CKD) by control of lipids have not been as successful as predicted. Aim: : To determine the extent to which the effectiveness of statins varies by kidney class. Design: Meta-analysis. Methods: We selected randomized trials of statin vs. placebo that gave outcomes for CKD3 (eGFR 30-59 ml/min), CKD4 (eGFR 15-29 ml/min), CKD5 (eGFR < 15 ml/min)/5D(dialysis) and transplant patients separately...
March 14, 2017: QJM: Monthly Journal of the Association of Physicians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340156/the-impact-of-multicomponent-weight-management-interventions-on-self-esteem-in-overweight-and-obese-adolescents-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
Margaret Murray, Aimee L Dordevic, Maxine P Bonham
 Building self-esteem in overweight adolescents is key to long-term weight management; yet, self-esteem is rarely a key outcome of adolescent weight management interventions. This systematic review investigates the impact of multicomponent weight management interventions on self-esteem in overweight and obese adolescents.  Six databases were searched in December 2014. Eligible studies met the following criteria: (1) randomized controlled trial, (2) overweight or obese participants, (3) adolescents (10-19 years), (4) multicomponent weight management intervention, (5) reported self-esteem and weight changes...
March 10, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340144/preventive-chemotherapy-in-one-year-reduces-by-over-80-the-number-of-individuals-with-soil-transmitted-helminthiases-causing-morbidity-results-from-meta-analysis
#8
Chiara Marocco, Mathieu Bangert, Serene A Joseph, Christopher Fitzpatrick, Antonio Montresor
The morbidity due to Ascaris lumbricoides and Trichuris trichiura is caused by infections of moderate and heavy intensity while hookworm infections of all intensities are recognized to cause morbidity.This study aims to evaluate the effect of repeated rounds of preventive chemotherapy on the proportion of soil-transmitted helminth (STH) infections causing morbidity. We identified studies from 17 countries, reporting changes in the proportion of STH infection causing morbidity between baseline and follow-up...
March 18, 2017: Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340072/loneliness-in-children-and-adolescents-with-chronic-physical-conditions-a-meta-analysis
#9
Marlies Maes, Wim Van den Noortgate, Suzanne F Fustolo-Gunnink, Jessica Rassart, Koen Luyckx, Luc Goossens
 This meta-analysis examines loneliness in children and adolescents with chronic physical conditions as compared with their peers. Multilevel meta-analyses were performed on 43 studies (69 samples), published between 1987 and 2015. A total of 2,518 individuals with chronic physical conditions and 1,463 control peers were included in the analyses. Children and adolescents with chronic conditions are, on average, somewhat lonelier than their peers without such conditions. Moreover, the link between chronic conditions and loneliness varied according to the recruitment procedure used for participant selection...
March 11, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340066/diagnostic-test-accuracy-of-ultrasound-for-synovitis-in-rheumatoid-arthritis-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#10
Kaoru Takase-Minegishi, Nobuyuki Horita, Kouji Kobayashi, Ryusuke Yoshimi, Yohei Kirino, Shigeru Ohno, Takeshi Kaneko, Hideaki Nakajima, Richard J Wakefield, Paul Emery
Objective.: To evaluate diagnostic test accuracy of US compared with MRI for the detection of synovitis in RA patients. Methods.: A systematic literature search was performed in the PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane Library and Web of Science Core Collection databases. Studies evaluating the diagnostic test accuracy of US for synovitis detected by MRI as the reference standard for wrist, MCP, PIP and knee joints were included. To assess the overall accuracy, we calculated the diagnostic odds ratio using a DerSimonian-Laird random effects model and the area under the curve (AUC) for the hierarchical summary receiver operating characteristics using Holling's proportional hazards models...
March 3, 2017: Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340030/effects-of-consumer-oriented-health-information-technologies-in-diabetes-management-over-time-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#11
Da Tao, Tieyan Wang, Tieshan Wang, Shuang Liu, Xingda Qu
Objective: To reveal the effects of consumer-oriented health information technologies (CHITs) on patient outcomes in diabetes management over time through systematic review and meta-analysis. Methods: We searched 5 electronic databases (from database inception to July 2016) for studies that reported on randomized controlled trials examining the effects of CHITs on glycemic control and other patient outcomes in diabetes management. Data were analyzed using either meta-analysis or a narrative synthesis approach...
March 9, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association: JAMIA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340005/inappropriate-shocks-in-single-chamber-and-subcutaneous-implantable-cardioverter-defibrillators-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
Angelo Auricchio, J Harrison Hudnall, Edward J Schloss, Laurence D Sterns, Takashi Kurita, Albert Meijer, Dedra H Fagan, Tyson Rogers
Aims: Single-chamber (VR-ICD) and subcutaneous (S-ICD) implantable cardioverter-defibrillators are effective to protect patients against sudden death but expose them to higher risk of inappropriate shock (IS). We sought to quantify the annual rate and influencing factors of ISs in VR- and S-ICDs from the literature. Methods and results: PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane Library were searched for full text articles with IS rates. Poisson distribution estimated proportion of patients with ISs; rates were annualized based on follow-up duration...
March 10, 2017: Europace: European Pacing, Arrhythmias, and Cardiac Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339911/a-null-variant-in-the-apolipoprotein-l3-gene-is-associated-with-non-diabetic-nephropathy
#13
Karl L Skorecki, Jessica H Lee, Carl D Langefeld, Saharon Rosset, Shay Tzur, Walter G Wasser, Revital Shemer, Gregory A Hawkins, Jasmin Divers, Rulan S Parekh, Man Li, Matthew G Sampson, Matthias Kretzler, Martin R Pollak, Shrijal Shah, Daniel Blackler, Brendan Nichols, Michael Wilmot, Seth L Alper, Barry I Freedman, David J Friedman
Background.: Inheritance of apolipoprotein L1 gene ( APOL1 ) renal-risk variants in a recessive pattern strongly associates with non-diabetic end-stage kidney disease (ESKD). Further evidence supports risk modifiers in APOL1 -associated nephropathy; some studies demonstrate that heterozygotes possess excess risk for ESKD or show earlier age at ESKD, relative to those with zero risk alleles. Nearby loci are also associated with ESKD in non-African Americans. Methods.: We assessed the role of the APOL3 null allele rs11089781 on risk of non-diabetic ESKD...
February 20, 2017: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339863/cigarette-smoking-and-chronic-kidney-disease-in-the-general-population-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-prospective-cohort-studies
#14
Jia Xia, Lin Wang, Zhiheng Ma, Liping Zhong, Ying Wang, Yachan Gao, Liqun He, Xiao Su
Background.: Cigarette smoking has been established as a major risk factor for chronic kidney disease (CKD) development in people with diabetes. Conflicting evidence exists among representative community-based studies as to whether smoking is an independent risk factor for CKD. The aim of this meta-analysis was to assess the effects of tobacco smoking on the development of CKD in adult general populations. Methods.: A literature search was conducted using MEDLINE and Embase from their inception through 31 May 2016 for prospective cohort studies that reported relative risks of CKD with smoking status in the general population...
February 27, 2017: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339860/outcomes-with-single-coil-versus-dual-coil-implantable-cardioverter-defibrillators-a-meta-analysis
#15
Nicholas Sunderland, Amit Kaura, Francis Murgatroyd, Para Dhillon, Paul A Scott
Aims: Dual-coil implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) leads have traditionally been used over single-coil leads due to concerns regarding high defibrillation thresholds (DFT) and consequent poor shock efficacy. However, accumulating evidence suggests that this position may be unfounded and that dual-coil leads may also be associated with higher complication rates during lead extraction. This meta-analysis collates data comparing dual- and single-coil ICD leads. Methods and results: Electronic databases were systematically searched for randomized controlled trials (RCT) and non-randomized studies comparing single-coil and dual-coil leads...
February 27, 2017: Europace: European Pacing, Arrhythmias, and Cardiac Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339835/the-association-between-proton-pump-inhibitor-use-and-the-risk-of-adverse-kidney-outcomes-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
Surapon Nochaiwong, Chidchanok Ruengorn, Ratanaporn Awiphan, Kiatkriangkrai Koyratkoson, Chayutthaphong Chaisai, Kajohnsak Noppakun, Wilaiwan Chongruksut, Kednapa Thavorn
Background: Existing epidemiological studies illustrate that proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) may be related to adverse kidney outcomes. To date, no comprehensive meta-analysis has been conducted to evaluate and quantify this association. Methods: We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of studies to assess the association between PPI use and the risk of adverse kidney outcomes. We searched MEDLINE, Embase, SCOPUS, Web of Science, CINAHL, Cochrane Library and grey literature with no language restrictions (through 31 October 2016)...
February 23, 2017: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339670/exploring-the-variability-in-beh%C3%A3-et-s-disease-prevalence-a-meta-analytical-approach
#17
Carla Maldini, Katie Druce, Neil Basu, Michael P LaValley, Alfred Mahr
Background.: Surveys of Behçet's disease (BD) have shown substantial geographic variations in prevalence, but some of these differences may result from methodological inconsistencies. This meta-analysis explored the effect of geographic location and study methodology on the prevalence of BD. Methods.: We systematically searched the literature in electronic databases and by handsearching to identify population-based prevalence surveys of BD. Studies were eligible if they provided an original population-based prevalence estimate for BD with the number of prevalent cases identified in the study area...
February 17, 2017: Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339493/timely-meta-analysis-on-the-efficacy-of-adoptive-immunotherapy-for-hepatocellular-carcinoma-patients-after-curative-therapy
#18
Han-Yue Mo, Ying-Yang Liao, Xue-Mei You, Alessandro Cucchetti, Bao-Hong Yuan, Ru-Hong Li, Jian-Hong Zhong, Le-Qun Li
AIMS: The role of adoptive immunotherapy (AIT) for patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) who have received curative therapy is still not well illustrated. This timely meta-analysis aims to update the current evidence on efficacy and safety of AIT for patients with HCC who have received curative therapy. METHODS: We searched PubMed, EMBASE, Scopus and the Cochrane Library Through January 2017 for relevant studies. Mortality and tumor recurrence were compared between patients with or without adjuvant AIT...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339429/comparing-the-efficacy-of-surgery-and-medical-therapy-for-pain-management-in-endometriosis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
Shahla Chaichian, Ali Kabir, Adolfazl Mehdizadehkashi, Khaled Rahmani, Mehrdad Moghimi, Bahram Moazzami
BACKGROUND: Pain is considered as one of the main symptoms of endometriosis. The treatment for endometriosis remains controversial. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to compare the effect of medical or surgical treatments for pain-relief in patients with endometriosis. STUDY DESIGN: Systematic review and meta-analysis. SETTING: Published papers about evaluating pain treatment in endometriosis in PubMed, Scopus, and Google Scholar...
March 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339428/does-conservative-treatment-change-the-brain-in-patients-with-chronic-musculoskeletal-pain-a-systematic-review
#20
Jeroen Kregel, Iris Coppieters, Robby DePauw, Anneleen Malfliet, Lieven Danneels, Jo Nijs, Barbara Cagnie, Mira Meeus
BACKGROUND: Chronic musculoskeletal pain is characterized by maladaptive central neuroplastic changes. Many observational studies have demonstrated that chronic pain states are associated with brain alterations regarding structure and/or function. Rehabilitation of patients with chronic musculoskeletal pain may include cognitive, exercise, or multimodal therapies. OBJECTIVE: The current review aims to provide a constructive overview of the existing literature reporting neural correlates, based on brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) techniques, following conservative treatment in chronic musculoskeletal pain patients...
March 2017: Pain Physician
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