Read by QxMD icon Read

massive transfusion in pediatric patient

Wei Xiao, Wenya Fu, Tianlong Wang, Lei Zhao
Hemispherectomy is an established surgical procedure to treat medically refractory epilepsy caused by diffuse hemispheric diseases. The most common complication of hemispherectomy is intraoperative bleeding. Perioperative allogeneic blood transfusion increases mortality and morbidity in pediatric patients. Etiologies of massive blood loss during hemispherectomy include intraoperative diffuse vascular damage, antileptic drugs induced coagulation dysfunction, hyperfibrinolysis and dilutional coagulopathy. Great efforts should be made to minimize the need of blood transfusion...
September 2016: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
Shannon N Acker, Brianne Hall, Lauren Hill, David A Partrick, Denis D Bensard
Introduction In the adult population, assessment of blood consumption (ABC) score [penetrating mechanism, positive focused assessment sonography for trauma (FAST), systolic blood pressure < 90, and heart rate (HR) > 120] ≥2 identifies trauma patients who require massive transfusion (MT) with sensitivity and specificity of 75 and 86%. We hypothesized that the adult criteria cannot be applied to children, as the vital sign cut-offs are not age-adjusted. We aimed to determine if the use of a shock index, pediatric age-adjusted (SIPA) would improve the discriminate ability of the ABC score in children...
August 17, 2016: European Journal of Pediatric Surgery
Goran Rakić, Danica Stanić, Anna Uram Benka, Marina Pandurov, Jovana M Simin, Biljana Drasković
INTRODUCTION: Children who are subjected to surgical treatment for scoliosis usually end up receiving a lot of blood transfusions since they tend to lose one or more blood volumes during the surgery. Tranexamic acid is an antifibrinolytic agent, increasingly used in children to reduce perioperative blood loss in various settings, including corrective surgery of scoliosis. CASE REPORT: A 12-year-old girl, weighing 44 kg, was admitted to our hospital for scoliosis correction...
March 2016: Medicinski Pregled
Manchula Navaratnam, Ann Ng, Glyn D Williams, Katsuhide Maeda, Julianne M Mendoza, Waldo Concepcion, Seth A Hollander, Chandra Ramamoorthy
BACKGROUND: Combined heart and liver transplantation (CHLT) in the pediatric population involves a complex group of patients, many of whom have palliated congenital heart disease (CHD) involving single ventricle physiology. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to describe the perioperative management of pediatric patients undergoing CHLT at a single institution and to identify management strategies that may be used to optimize perioperative care. METHODS: We did a retrospective database review of all patients receiving CHLT at a children's hospital between 2006 and 2014...
October 2016: Paediatric Anaesthesia
Xiaoming Shi, Mary J Edwards
The majority of the documented experience in pediatric trauma care during the past decade of conflict is from the inpatient Role 3 mission. Pediatric patients (defined as 14 years of age or less) accounted for 5% to 10% of combat admissions. Care for these patients was resource intensive and mortality rates significantly higher than those seen in pediatric hospitals in the United States. The largest documented experience to date with explosive injuries and massive transfusions in children were reported from this conflict...
April 2016: U.S. Army Medical Department Journal
Tanaya Sparkle, Staci Cameron
BACKGROUND: We present a case in which extremely rapid massive transfusion was successfully used to combat severe acute bleeding during a parietooccipital tumor resection in a 14-month-old patient. CASE REPORT: An 8-kg patient was found to have a 4 × 5 × 5-cm parietooccipital tumor on computed tomography scan, for which resection was urgently planned. Sudden acute bleeding was encountered, which was communicated to the anesthesia team. Transfusion was initiated and a total of 5 units of packed red blood cells, 3 units of fresh frozen plasma, 160 ml of platelets, 200 ml of albumin, and 500 ml of 0...
2016: American Journal of Case Reports
Shane A Smith, Michael H Livingston, Neil H Merritt
BACKGROUND: Severely injured pediatric trauma patients often present to hospital with early coagulopathy and metabolic acidosis. These derangements are associated with poor outcomes, but it is unclear to what degree they predict transfusion of packed red blood cells (pRBC). METHODS: We retrospectively identified pediatric trauma patients from a level 1 trauma center from 2006 to 2013. Inclusion criteria were age less than 18years, Injury Severity Score greater than 12, and pRBC transfusion within 24h of admission...
May 2016: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
Byung Gyu Yoon, Hee Jo Baek, Burm Seok Oh, Dong Kyun Han, Yoo Duk Choi, Hoon Kook
It is uncommon for pediatric patients with rhabdomyosarcoma to present with clinical and/or laboratory features of disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC). We report a case of metastatic alveolar rhabdomyosarcoma with severe bleeding because of DIC in a 13-year-old boy. He experienced persistent oozing at the site of a previous operation, gross hematuria, and massive epistaxis. Two weeks after initiating combination chemotherapy consisting of vincristine, doxorubicin, and cyclophosphamide, the patients' laboratory indications of DIC began to resolve...
December 2015: Korean Journal of Pediatrics
Nigel J Hall, Priscilla P L Chiu, Jacob C Langer
BACKGROUND/AIM: The optimal management of prenatally diagnosed asymptomatic congenital pulmonary airway malformations (CPAM) is controversial. Since there is a paucity of data relating to surgical risks in this specific population, we reviewed our experience to further inform this controversy. METHODS: Ethically approved 10 year (2004-2013) retrospective review. Patients were included only if the CPAM was diagnosed prenatally and remained asymptomatic. Indication for surgery was physician recommendation and/or parental choice...
May 2016: Pediatric Pulmonology
Mary J Edwards, Michael B Lustik, Margaret E Clark, Kevin M Creamer, David Tuggle
BACKGROUND: Component balanced resuscitation and avoidance of crystalloids in traumatically injured adults requiring massive transfusion are beneficial. Evidence for children is lacking. METHODS: After institutional review board approval was obtained, the Department of Defense Trauma Database identified 1,311 injured children 14 years or younger requiring transfusion after an injury and admitted to a deployed US military hospital from 2002 to 2012. Logistic regression determined risk factors for high-volume (≥40 mL/kg) or massive (≥70 mL/kg) transfusions...
February 2015: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
Susan Thibeault
Massive transfusion is defined as complete replacement of a patient's blood volume or approximately 10 units of packed red blood cells within a 24-hour period or one red blood cells volume in 24 hours for a pediatric patient. This article reviews the most recent understanding and recommendations in massive transfusion along with the unintended consequences in the management of patients with profound hemorrhage.
March 2015: Critical Care Nursing Clinics of North America
Lucas P Neff, Jeremy W Cannon, Jonathan J Morrison, Mary J Edwards, Philip C Spinella, Matthew A Borgman
BACKGROUND: Massive transfusion (MT) in pediatric patients remains poorly defined. Using the largest existing registry of transfused pediatric trauma patients, we sought a data-driven MT threshold. METHODS: The Department of Defense Trauma Registry was queried from 2001 to 2013 for pediatric trauma patients (<18 years). Burns, drowning, isolated head injury, and missing Injury Severity Score (ISS) were excluded. MT was evaluated as a weight-based volume of all blood products transfused in the first 24 hours...
January 2015: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
Matthew J Eckert, Thomas M Wertin, Stuart D Tyner, Daniel W Nelson, Seth Izenberg, Matthew J Martin
BACKGROUND: Early administration of tranexamic acid (TXA) has been associated with a reduction in mortality and blood product requirements in severely injured adults. It has also shown significantly reduced blood loss and transfusion requirements in major elective pediatric surgery, but no published data have examined the use of TXA in pediatric trauma. METHODS: This is a retrospective review of all pediatric trauma admissions to the North Atlantic Treaty Organization Role 3 hospital, Camp Bastion, Afghanistan, from 2008 to 2012...
December 2014: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
Naomi T Hughes, Randall S Burd, Stephen J Teach
Evidence for changes in adult trauma management often precedes evidence for changes in pediatric trauma management. Many adult trauma centers have adopted damage-control resuscitation management strategies, which target the metabolic syndrome of acidosis, coagulopathy, and hypothermia often found in severe uncontrolled hemorrhage. Two key components of damage-control resuscitation are permissive hypotension, which is a fluid management strategy that targets a subnormal blood pressure, and hemostatic resuscitation, which is a transfusion strategy that targets coagulopathy with early blood product administration...
September 2014: Pediatric Emergency Care
Ji Soo Kim, Min Jae Kim, E Young Bae, Dae Chul Jeong
Lupus anticoagulant-hypoprothrombinemia syndrome (LAHPS), a very rare disease that is caused by the presence of antifactor II antibodies, is usually counterbalanced by the prothrombotic effect of lupus anticoagulant (LAC). Patients with LAHPS are treated using fresh frozen plasma, steroids, immunosuppressive agents, and immunoglobulins for managing the disease and controlling hemorrhages. Notably, steroids are the important treatment for treating hypoprothrombinemia and controlling the bleeding. However, some patients suffer from severe, life-threatening hemorrhages, when factor II levels remain very low in spite of treatment with steroids...
April 2014: Korean Journal of Pediatrics
Susan M Goobie, Thorsten Haas
Pediatric patients when undergoing craniotomies and craniofacial surgery may potentially have significant blood loss. The amount and extent will be dictated by the nature of the surgical procedure, the proximity to major blood vessels, and the age, and weight of the patient. The goals should be to maintain hemodynamic stability and oxygen carrying capacity and to prevent and treat hyperfibrinolysis and dilutional coagulopathy. Over transfusion and transfusion-related side effects should be minimized. This article will highlight the pertinent considerations for managing massive blood loss in pediatric patients undergoing craniotomies and craniofacial surgery...
July 2014: Paediatric Anaesthesia
Pamela M Choi, Adam M Vogel
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To summarize our current understanding of the pathophysiology, diagnosis, and management of acute traumatic coagulopathy in children. RECENT FINDINGS: Traumatic coagulopathy is a complex process that leads to global dysfunction of the endogenous coagulation system and results in worse outcomes and increased mortality. Although the cause is multifactorial, it is common in severely injured patients and is driven by significant tissue injury and hypoperfusion...
June 2014: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
Robert I Parker
OBJECTIVE: To provide a concise review of transfusion-related issues and practices in the pediatric patient population, with a focus on those issues of particular importance to the care of critically ill children. DATA SOURCE: Electronic search of the PubMed database using the search terms "pediatric transfusion," "transfusion practices," "transfusion risks," "packed red blood cell transfusion," "white blood cell transfusion," "platelet transfusion," "plasma transfusion," and "massive transfusion" either singly or in combination...
March 2014: Critical Care Medicine
Deborah Sesok-Pizzini, Mark-Alan Pizzini
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2014: Transfusion
Zulfiqar Ahmed, Lori Stricker, Arlene Rozzelle, Maria Zestos
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate transfusion requirements in children receiving aprotinin during craniofacial surgery. BACKGROUND: Pediatric craniofacial procedures may involve massive blood loss. Aprotinin may decrease perioperative blood loss and transfusion requirements. METHODS: Patients (aged 1 month to 3 years) who had major reconstructive craniofacial surgery received intraoperative aprotinin (13 patients) or placebo (13 patients). Administered colloids and blood products were recorded...
February 2014: Paediatric Anaesthesia
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"