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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656597/splenic-artery-as-a-simple-landmark-indicating-difficulty-during-laparoscopic-distal-pancreatectomy
#1
Yoshiya Ishikawa, Daisuke Ban, Shuichi Watanabe, Keiichi Akahoshi, Hiroaki Ono, Yusuke Mitsunori, Atsushi Kudo, Shinji Tanaka, Minoru Tanabe
INTRODUCTION: The use of laparoscopic distal pancreatectomy (LDP) is increasing worldwide. It is important for surgeons to predict preoperatively the difficulty and risks of a surgery. However, very few reports have evaluated the impact of patient or tumor factors on the difficulty of LDP. We aimed to determine the predictors of technical difficulties when performing LDP. METHODS: This study included 34 patients who underwent LDP. Patient information was obtained retrospectively and included age, gender, BMI, primary disease, previous abdominal surgery, previous pancreatitis, tumor size, tumor proximity to the splenic arterial origin, type of splenic artery (SpA), operative time, blood loss, postoperative pancreatic fistula, and length of hospital stay...
April 15, 2018: Asian Journal of Endoscopic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626286/multidetector-ct-of-expected-findings-and-complications-after-hysterectomy
#2
REVIEW
Massimo Tonolini
Indicated to manage a variety of disorders affecting the female genital tract, hysterectomy represents the second most common gynaecological operation after caesarean section. Performed via an open, laparoscopic or vaginal approach, hysterectomy is associated with non-negligible morbidity and occasional mortality. Iatrogenic complications represent a growing concern for gynaecologists and may result in prolonged hospitalisation, need for interventional procedures or repeated surgery, renal impairment and malpractice claims...
April 6, 2018: Insights Into Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621612/laparoscopic-anterior-pelvic-exenteration-with-super-radical-parametrectomy-for-a-recurrent-low-grade-endometrial-sarcoma-that-is-resistant-to-hormone-therapy-and-chemotherapy
#3
Hiroyuki Kanao, Tsuyoshi Hisa, Makiko Omi, Minoru Nagashima, Shuhei Okamoto, Yoichi Aoki, Terumi Tanigawa, Maki Matoda, Sanshiro Okamoto, Hidetaka Nomura, Kohei Omatsu, Kazuyoshi Kato, Kuniko Utsugi, Nobuhiro Takeshima
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To show total laparoscopic complete resection of a recurrent low grade endometrial sarcoma. DESIGN: Step-by-step demonstration of the technique of laparoscopic anterior pelvic exenteration with super radical parametrectomy, including the explanation of a detail pelvic anatomy. (Canadian Task Force Classification III) SETTING: Low grade endometrial stromal sarcoma (LGESS) is a rare malignancy that makes around 0.2% of all uterine malignancies [1]...
April 2, 2018: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617076/completely-endophytic-renal-tumor-a-laparoscopic-approach
#4
Victor Espinheira Santos, Rafael Ribeiro Meduna, Wilson Bachega, Gustavo Cardoso Guimarães
Kidney cancer is the third most common urologic malignancy and a 2% annual increase in the incidence has occurred over the past two decades, largely because of the increased utilization of imaging. The majority of these tumors are small, so the indications for nephron-sparing surgery and for minimally invasive surgery are continually expanding. Complex kidney lesions, such as those completely endophytic, are still a challenge even for experienced surgeons. Our objective is to demonstrate the operative technique for laparoscopic partial nephrectomy with the aid of intra-operative ultrasound in a man with a totally endophytic renal lesion...
March 15, 2018: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29600345/tips-and-tricks-for-a-laparoscopic-approach-to-paracaval-liver-segments
#5
G Fiorentini, F Ratti, F Cipriani, M Catena, M Paganelli, L Aldrighetti
BACKGROUND: A dramatic spread of laparoscopic liver surgery has been experienced over the last years. The approach to paracaval liver segments 1 and 9 is still poorly described in literature, mainly due to its technical demands. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this article was to introduce a safe and effective approach to paracaval liver segments through laparoscopy. METHODS: A minimally invasive approach to resection of Segments 1 and 9 is presented, and an operative set-up is depicted...
March 29, 2018: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29577213/-key-vessels-assessment-and-operation-highlights-in-laparoscopic-extended-right-hemicolectomy
#6
Hao Wang, Quanquan Zhao
Laparoscopic radical colectomies have been more widely used gradually, among which laparoscopic extended right hemicolectomy is considered as the most difficult procedure. The difficulty of extended right hemicolectomy lies in the need to dissect lymph nodes along the superior mesenteric vein (SMV) and disconnect numerous and possible aberrant vessels. To address this problem, we emphasize two points in key vessel assessment: getting familiar with the anatomy along the medial-to-lateral approach and having a good understanding about the preoperative imaging presentations...
March 25, 2018: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29573597/laparoscopic-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass-in-a-patient-with-situs-inversus-totalis-case-report-technical-tips-and-review-of-the-literature
#7
Abdelaziz Atwez, Zeid Keilani
INTRODUCTION: Laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB) has proven over the years to be one of the most effective bariatric procedures. It is highly technical, and therefore is mostly performed by bariatric and metabolic surgeons. Although Situs Inversus Totalis (SIT) is a very rare congenital condition, surgeons do occasionally have to operate intra-abdominally on those patients, consequently facing some challenges related to the unusual anatomy. CASE PRESENTATION: We describe a rare case of LRYGB for chronic morbid obesity on a 43 year old patient with pre-operative diagnosis of situs inversus totalis without Kartagener's syndrome, using slight modification from the usual technique based on anatomical correlation without the need to change the surgeon's position or switching trocar placements as described in previous papers...
March 15, 2018: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29572696/endoscopic-management-of-difficult-bile-duct-stones
#8
REVIEW
Murad Aburajab, Kulwinder Dua
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: In 10-15% of the cases, conventional methods for removing bile duct stones by ERCP/balloon-basket extraction fail. The purpose of this review is to describe endoscopic techniques in managing these "difficult bile duct stones." RECENT FINDINGS: Endoscopic papillary large balloon dilation with balloon extraction ± mechanical lithotripsy is the initial approach used to retrieve large bile duct stones. With advent of digital cholangioscopy, electrohydraulic and laser lithotripsy are gaining popularity...
March 23, 2018: Current Gastroenterology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29571551/computed-tomography-of-internal-hernias-following-laparoscopic-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass-surgery
#9
Yoan K Kagoma, Gabriela Gayer
Internal hernia in the postoperative laparoscopic Roux-en-Y patient is a diagnosis associated with significant morbidity and risk of death. The radiologist plays an instrumental role in workup of this patient group; however, the imaging assessment of these patients is not straightforward given their complex postsurgical anatomy. Multiple radiologic signs of internal hernia have been studied in the literature. This review article presents these signs with representative cases as well as a summary of their diagnostic accuracy...
April 2018: Seminars in Ultrasound, CT, and MR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29569341/bariatric-surgery-in-solid-organ-transplant-patients-long-term-follow-up-results-of-outcome-safety-and-effect-on-immunosuppression
#10
Renana Yemini, Eviatar Nesher, Janos Winkler, Idan Carmeli, Carmil Azran, Matan Ben David, Eytan Mor, Andrei Keidar
The surgical risk of transplanted patients is high, and the modified gastrointestinal anatomy after BS may lead to pharmacokinetic alterations in the absorption of immunosuppressive drugs. Data on outcomes of bariatric surgery (BS) and the safety and feasibility of maintaining immunosuppression and graft safety among solid-organ transplanted patients are scarce. In the current study, weight loss, improvement in comorbidities and changes in dosage and trough levels of immunosuppression drugs before and after BS were analyzed for all transplanted patients who underwent laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) or laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB) in our institution between 11/2011-1/2017...
March 22, 2018: American Journal of Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29567054/electrical-stimulation-of-the-lower-esophageal-sphincter-to-address-gastroesophageal-reflux-disease-after-sleeve-gastrectomy
#11
Yves Borbély, Nicole Bouvy, Henning G Schulz, Leonardo Antonio Rodriguez, Camilo Ortiz, Alejandro Nieponice
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) can result in de novo and worsen preexisting gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). Post-LSG patients with GERD refractory to proton pump inhibitors (PPI) usually undergo more invasive, anatomy-altering Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery. Lower esophageal sphincter (LES) electrical stimulation (ES) preserves the anatomy and has been shown to improve outcomes in GERD patients. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of LES-ES in post-LSG patients with GERD not controlled with maximal PPI therapy...
February 26, 2018: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29560642/minimally-invasive-treatment-of-hepatic-hydatid-disease-with-perforator-grinder-aspirator-apparatus-and-follow-up-of-42-patients
#12
I C Sormaz, L Avtan
INTRODUCTION: The gold standard treatment for hydatid cyst (HC) is surgery. In surgical practice, open procedures still remain as the first option but in this minimally-invasive era, the frequency of laparoscopic procedures is increasing. The aim of this study is to evaluate the results of 42 patients with HC who underwent surgery with Perforator-Grinder-Aspirator-Apparatus (PGAA) and demonstrate the success and reliability of this technique. METHODS: The datas of 42 patients, who underwent laparoscopic surgery with PGAA between Jan 2010 and Feb 2016 were evaluated retrospectively...
October 2017: Acta Gastro-enterologica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29554323/intraoperative-nerve-monitoring-in-robotic-assisted-resection-of-presacral-ganglioneuroma-operative-technique
#13
Tomas Garzon-Muvdi, Allan Belzberg, Mohamad E Allaf, Jean-Paul Wolinsky
BACKGROUND: Robotic-assisted techniques have been implemented in the surgical treatment of tumors in the pelvis, abdomen, and thorax. In pelvic tumors, robotic-assisted techniques evade the need for sizable surgical exposure, but make stimulation of the nerves of the sacral plexus very difficult. OBJECTIVE: To describe how laparoscopic robotic-assisted surgery can couple with tools such as the nerve stimulator to aid in the resection of presacral masses emanating from the neural elements and potentially improve neurological outcome by preventing inadvertent injury to involved nerves...
March 14, 2018: Operative Neurosurgery (Hagerstown, Md.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29551299/-nerve-sparing-techniques-in-deep-endometriosis-surgery-to-prevent-urinary-or-digestive-functional-disorders-techniques-and-results-cngof-has-endometriosis-guidelines
#14
B Rabischong, R Botchorishvili, N Bourdel, S Curinier, S Campagne-Loiseau, J L Pouly, M Canis
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the feasibility and functional urinary and digestive results of nerve sparing techniques in endometriosis surgery. METHODS: A research on the medline/pubmed database using specific keywords (nerve sparing, endometriosis, pelvic nerves) identified 7 publications among about 50 whose purpose was to describe the feasibility, the techniques and the functional results of nerve preservation in this indication. Among them there are: 2 uncontrolled retrospective studies, 3 prospective non-randomized studies, a meta-analysis and a review of the literature...
March 15, 2018: Gynecologie, Obstetrique, Fertilite & Senologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29544779/slam-based-dense-surface-reconstruction-in-monocular-minimally-invasive-surgery-and-its-application-to-augmented-reality
#15
Long Chen, Wen Tang, Nigel W John, Tao Ruan Wan, Jian Jun Zhang
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: While Minimally Invasive Surgery (MIS) offers considerable benefits to patients, it also imposes big challenges on a surgeon's performance due to well-known issues and restrictions associated with the field of view (FOV), hand-eye misalignment and disorientation, as well as the lack of stereoscopic depth perception in monocular endoscopy. Augmented Reality (AR) technology can help to overcome these limitations by augmenting the real scene with annotations, labels, tumour measurements or even a 3D reconstruction of anatomy structures at the target surgical locations...
May 2018: Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29532610/utility-of-preoperative-3-d-simulation-of-laparoscopic-lateral-pelvic-lymph-node-dissection-for-advanced-rectal-cancer-surgical-outcomes-of-10-initial-cases
#16
Hisanaga Horie, Koji Koinuma, Homare Ito, Ai Sadatomo, Daishi Naoi, Yoshihiko Kono, Yoshiyuki Inoue, Mitsuaki Morimoto, Makiko Tahara, Alan K Lefor, Naohiro Sata, Takahiro Sasaki, Hideharu Sugimoto
INTRODUCTION: Laparoscopic lateral pelvic lymph node dissection (LPLD) is technically challenging because of the complicated anatomy of the pelvic wall. To overcome this difficulty, we introduced preoperative 3-D simulation. The aim of the study is to investigate the usefulness of preoperative 3-D simulation for the safe conduct of laparoscopic LPLD for rectal cancer. METHODS: After undergoing colonoscopy, patients were brought to the radiology suite where multi-detector row CT was performed...
March 12, 2018: Asian Journal of Endoscopic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29531732/dystopic-retrohepatic-gallbladder-and-cholecysto-choledocho-lithiasis-the-rendez-vous-and-indocyanine-green-fluorescence
#17
Edoardo Mattone, Saverio Latteri, Michele Teodoro, Antonio Pesce, Maurizio Mannino, Giulia Romano, Domenico Russello, Gaetano La Greca
Laparoscopic cholecystectomy is a well-known procedure for the treatment of most gallbladder diseases. Sometimes, it could be very difficult, in the presence of aberrations regarding the cystic duct, the cystic artery, or the gallbladder itself. Fluorescence laparoscopy using indocyanine green could be very useful for all the situations of anatomy aberrations.
March 2018: Clinical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29510867/laparoscopic-laterally-extended-endopelvic-resection-leer-for-cervical-carcinoma-recurring-at-the-pelvic-sidewall-after-concurrent-chemoradiotherapy-our-experience-in-three-cases
#18
Hiroyuki Kanao, Yoichi Aoki, Tsuyoshi Hisa, Nobuhiro Takeshima
OBJECTIVE: Patients in whom laterally recurrent cervical carcinoma develops in the previously irradiated pelvis are usually abandoned because the resectability rate is low, and the 5-year survival rate is close to zero when complete margin-negative resection is not achieved [1]. Höckel described laterally extended endopelvic resection (LEER) as an approach in which the line of resection extends to the pelvic sidewall [2]. Complete margin-negative resection (R0 resection) was achieved in all 100 patients who underwent LEER for laterally recurrent cervical carcinoma, and 5-year survival was very good at 62%...
March 3, 2018: Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29510445/laparoscopic-repair-of-large-hiatal-hernias-clinical-outcomes-of-10-years
#19
Zhen Chen, Hongzhi Zhao, Xiangyu Sun, Zhenyu Wang
BACKGROUND: Whilst laparoscopic repair is the most common surgical procedure for the treatment of large hiatal hernias, knowledge of long-term outcomes (>10 years) is scarce. The aim of this study was to evaluate the long-term results following this approach, in particular the hernia recurrence rate and the impact of repair on quality of life (QoL). METHODS: Patients were identified from a prospective database. A standardized questionnaire was used to assess symptoms and a barium swallow radiograph was performed to determine anatomy...
March 6, 2018: ANZ Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29502388/horseshoe-kidney-and-uretero-pelvic-junction-obstruction-in-a-pediatric-patient-laparoscopic-vascular-hitch-a-valid-alternative-to-dismembered-pyeloplasty
#20
Cosimo Bleve, Valeria Bucci, Maria Luisa Conighi, Francesco Battaglino, Lorenzo Costa, Lorella Fasoli, Elisa Zolpi, Salvatore Fabio Chiarenza
Horseshoe kidney (HSK) is a congenital defect of the urinary tract that occurs in 0.25% of the general population. Laparoscopic Vascular Hitch (LVH) according to Hellstrom-Chapman represent an alternative approach in treatment of extrinsic hydronephrosis by crossing vessels (CV) in pediatric age. In our Department from 2006 to 2016, 36 children with extrinsic-Uretero-Pelvic-Junction (UPJ)-Obstruction (UPJO) underwent laparoscopic vessels transposition. Over the last 4years, we have treated three patients with extrinsic hydronephrosis in HSK; two males and one female respectively of 6, 7 and 8years...
December 13, 2017: La Pediatria Medica e Chirurgica: Medical and Surgical Pediatrics
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