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nutrition transition

Yunfeng Wang, Zhimin Ma, Chaonan Xu, ZiKun Wang, Xinghua Yang
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to identify the rules of transition between normotension, prehypertension and hypertension states and to establish a prediction model for the incidence of prehypertension and hypertension. METHODS: Data from the China Health and Nutrition Survey from 1991 to 2009 were used as training data to develop the model. Data of the year 2011 were used for model validation. The multistate Markov model was developed using the msm package in R software...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Hypertension
Sara K Hanson, Richard J Munthali, Elizabeth A Lundeen, Linda M Richter, Shane A Norris, Aryeh D Stein
Background: The role that childhood stunting plays in the development of overweight and obesity later in life is not well understood, particularly in adolescence and young adulthood, because most studies have only followed up through midchildhood. Objective: The objective of this study was to examine the relation between stunting and age-specific patterns of overweight and obesity incidence from early childhood to young adulthood in the context of a country in the process of the nutrition transition while these children were growing up...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Nutrition
Jun Wang, Wei Bing Wu, Liang Chen, Quan Zhu
BACKGROUND: Mediastinum abscess caused by sharp esophageal foreign body perforation usually needs surgical treatment, and the surgical procedures vary according to size of perforation and scope of abscess, etc. For special case with small esophageal mucosal crevasse and focal abscess confined to mediastinum, minimally invasive surgery with guidance of video-mediastinoscopy would be an alternative method, however, application of video-mediastinoscopy in this life-threatening situation was rarely reported...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery
Jan de Laffolie, Hassan Y Naim, Silvia Rudloff, Klaus-Peter Zimmer
Short bowel syndrome with intestinal failure is a rare disease with a massive impairment in quality of life, requiring a multidisciplinary team approach to medical, surgical, and nutritional therapy. Current pharmacological and surgical therapeutic options are limited; an important cornerstone is enteral and parenteral nutrition. The changed physiology of carbohydrate digestion plays a major role in the adaptation process and can be a target for specific enteral nutrition interventions. An important prognostic factor is the preservation of at least portions of the colon in continuity with small bowel...
June 2018: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
Carolina Pérez-Ferrer, Anne McMunn, Paola Zaninotto, Eric J Brunner
OBJECTIVE: The present study investigates whether the reversal of the social gradient in obesity, defined as a cross-over to higher obesity prevalence among groups with lower education level, has occurred among men and women in urban and rural areas of Mexico. DESIGN: Cross-sectional series of nationally representative surveys (1988, 1999, 2006, 2012 and 2016). The association between education and obesity was investigated over the period 1988-2016. Effect modification of the education-obesity association by household wealth was tested...
May 10, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
A Seidu, Che Dongsheng, Qin Guixin, Jiang Hailong, Rui Han, Cornelius Tlotliso Sello
The relation between dietary fiber and wellbeing of human and other monogastrics has recently became a hot topic as showed in an increasing number of publication of the related research. The aim of this review is to describe through a logical approach the scientific suggestion linking possible benefits of dietary fiber on nutritional components and their effect on the gastrointestinal composition in relation to disease conditions in humans or animals. Dietary fiber plays a key role in influencing blood glucose or insulin concentrations, stool bulkiness, reduce the pH within the digestive tract, synthesize volatile fatty acids (VFA), reduce intestinal transit time, stimulate growth of intestinal microbes, and constructively enhance various blood parameters...
May 7, 2018: Current Protein & Peptide Science
Linda Brütsch, Liliane Tribolet, Stéphane Isabettini, Patrick Soltermann, Andreas Baumann, Erich J Windhab
Ever-growing demand for gluten-free products calls for the development of novel food processing techniques to widen the range of existing baked goods. Extensive research has been targeted towards recipe optimization, widely neglecting the tailoring potential of process-induced structuring of gluten-free raw materials. Herein, we address this shortcoming by demonstrating the potential of rubbery milling for the generation of structure and techno-functionality in breads obtained from a variety of rice flour types...
May 10, 2018: Food & Function
Stephen Corbett, Alexandre Courtiol, Virpi Lummaa, Jacob Moorad, Stephen Stearns
The Industrial Revolution and the accompanying nutritional, epidemiological and demographic transitions have profoundly changed human ecology and biology, leading to major shifts in life history traits, which include age and size at maturity, age-specific fertility and lifespan. Mismatch between past adaptations and the current environment means that gene variants linked to higher fitness in the past may now, through antagonistic pleiotropic effects, predispose post-transition populations to non-communicable diseases, such as Alzheimer disease, cancer and coronary artery disease...
May 9, 2018: Nature Reviews. Genetics
Yun Wang, Xiao-Fang Jia, Bing Zhang, Zhi-Hong Wang, Ji-Guo Zhang, Fei-Fei Huang, Chang Su, Yi-Fei Ouyang, Jian Zhao, Wen-Wen Du, Li Li, Hong-Ru Jiang, Ji Zhang, Hui-Jun Wang
The dietary zinc consumed in Chinese households has decreased over the past decade. However, the national dietary zinc intake in the last five years has seldom been investigated. Using data from 12,028 participants 18 to 64 years old (52.9% male) in the China Nutritional Transition Cohort Survey (CNTCS) 2015, we describe the intake of dietary zinc and the contributions of major foods and we examine the relationship between the level of dietary zinc intake and metabolic syndrome indicators, including blood pressure, fasting glucose, and triglycerides (TG), in Chinese adults...
May 8, 2018: Nutrients
Ting Yang, Liansheng Zhang, Wei Bao, Shuang Rong
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: As breast milk is considered nature's best food for infant growth and development, understanding its nutritional composition is crucial for optimising the components of infant formula milk. In this study, we aimed to summarise the available evidence on the nutritional composition of breast milk from Chinese women, in particular, the macronutrients, fatty acids and minerals. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: We searched PubMed, Embase, and Chinese databases for articles about human breast milk from Chinese women published in English or Chinese between 1999 and 2015...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Anna T Mathew, Yoshitsugu Obi, Connie M Rhee, Jason A Chou, Kamyar Kalantar-Zadeh
While many patients have substantial residual kidney function (RKF) when initiating hemodialysis (HD), most patients with end stage renal disease in the United States are initiated on 3-times per week conventional HD regimen, with little regard to RKF or patient preference. RKF is associated with many benefits including survival, volume control, solute clearance, and reduced inflammation. Several strategies have been recommended to preserve RKF after HD initiation, including an incremental approach to HD initiation...
May 7, 2018: Seminars in Dialysis
Edelweiss Wentzel-Viljoen, Sarie Lee, Ria Laubscher, Hester H Vorster
OBJECTIVE: South Africa (SA) is in the midst of a health transition characterized by a quadruple burden of diseases and a nutrition transition. The existing nutrition transition in SA, accompanied by the coexistence of under- and overnutrition in the population, motivated the present study. Its objectives were to measure and report the changes in nutrient intakes of rural and urban black Africans over time to assess the impact of urbanization and modernization of lifestyles on dietary intakes and non-communicable disease (NCD) risk...
May 8, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
Wenqiang Fan, Gentu Ge, Yinghao Liu, Wei Wang, Liying Liu, Yushan Jia
BACKGROUND: Alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) is one of the most important forage resources in the world due to its high nutritive value. However, its nutritional quality decreases during the transition from budding to flowering. Previous research revealed a decreased crude protein content and increased fibre content in alfalfa forage harvested at later maturity stages, leading to a reduction in nutritional quality. However, the reasons for this phenomenon have not been explained at the molecular level...
May 4, 2018: BMC Plant Biology
Inger Johanne Bergerød, Bjørnar Gilje, Geir S Braut, Siri Wiig
BACKGROUND: Next-of-kin are an extension of healthcare professionals in all stages of cancer care. They offer care activities such as interpretations of symptoms, and reporting of negative or adverse effects of treatment, without any professional knowledge or skills. Their participation is often expected from healthcare professionals, managers, or the patient. However, there is limited knowledge of next-of-kin's role in and contribution to quality and safety improvement in hospital cancer care...
May 3, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
Jiguo Zhang, Huijun Wang, Zhihong Wang, Wenwen Du, Chang Su, Ji Zhang, Hongru Jiang, Xiaofang Jia, Feifei Huang, Yifei Ouyang, Yun Wang, Bing Zhang
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of childhood overweight and obesity in developed countries appears to be plateauing. The purpose of this study was to provide the most recent data on the prevalence and trends in overweight and obesity among Chinese children and adolescents from 2011 to 2015. METHODS: We used data collected in the China Health and Nutrition Survey (CHNS) and China Nutritional Transition Cohort Study (CNTCS). We used two waves of the survey in 12 provinces conducted in 2011 (aged 7-18 years; n = 1458) and 2015 (aged 7-18 years; n = 1084) to perform a trend analysis...
May 2, 2018: BMC Public Health
Robinson Ramírez-Vélez, Jorge Enrique Correa-Bautista, Héctor Reynaldo Triana-Reina, Emilio González-Jiménez, Jacqueline Schmidt-RioValle, Katherine González-Ruíz
BACKGROUND: During pregnancy, the need for certain nutrients increases. This study assessed the prevalence and socio-demographic factors associated with dietary supplement use in a representative sample of pregnant women in Colombia. METHOD: Data for this study were obtained from a cross-sectional, nationally representative survey (ENSIN, 2010). A total of 1856 pregnant women, 13-49 years of age, were recruited. The use of prenatal dietary supplements (Vitamins A, C or E) was treated as a binary outcome (used at some time or never sued during pregnancy when prescribed by a doctor) in multinomial analyses...
May 2, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
Zi-Jian Li, Wei Chen, Hua Jiang, Xiao-Yi Li, Sai-Nan Zhu, Xiao-Liu Liu
SCOPE: To investigated the effects of postoperative parenteral nutrition (PN) with multivitamins supplementation on oxidative stress and metabolism. METHODS AND RESULTS: The participants were randomly assigned in a 1:1 ratio to groups: total nutrient admixture (TNA)+ multivitamin (n = 14, Group A) and TNA+ normal saline (n = 16, Group B). The levels of blood vitamins, ILs and MDA were assessed and the dysregulation of metabolism was analyzed using nontargeted metabolite profiling...
April 30, 2018: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
Claire Bailey, Vandana Garg, Deksha Kapoor, Heather Wasser, Dorairaj Prabhakaran, Lindsay M Jaacks
OBJECTIVE: To understand factors that influence the process of food decision-making among urban Indian women in the context of the nutrition transition. DESIGN: Mixed methods. METHODS: Semistructured interviews and sorting of 12 a priori hypothesized drivers into categories of always, sometimes, and never influencing food choice. SETTING: Delhi, India. PARTICIPANTS: Thirty-eight women aged 20-35 years selected from the roster of a prospective cohort study...
April 27, 2018: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
Trias Mahmudiono, Triska Susila Nindya, Dini Ririn Andrias, Hario Megatsari, Richard R Rosenkranz
(1) Background : The double burden of malnutrition has been increasing in countries experiencing the nutrition transition. This study aimed to determine the relationship between household food insecurity and the double burden of malnutrition, defined as within-household stunted child and an overweight/obese mother (SCOWT). (2) Methods : A cross-sectional survey was conducted in the urban city of Surabaya, Indonesia in April and May 2015. (3) Results : The prevalence of child stunting in urban Surabaya was 36...
April 26, 2018: Nutrients
Catherine Duran, Patricio Arce-Johnson, Felipe Aquea
Our results showed that methylboronic acid is capable of alleviating boron deficiency, enhancing plant growth, and is less toxic than boric acid at higher concentrations. Boron is an essential plant micronutrient and its deficiency occurs in several regions globally, resulting in impaired plant growth. Boron fertilization is a common agricultural practice, but the action range of boron is narrow, sharply transitioning from deficiency to toxicity. Boric acid (BA) is the most common chemical form used in agriculture...
April 26, 2018: Planta
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