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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101997/the-ecology-of-anemia-anemia-prevalence-and-correlated-factors-in-adult-indigenous-women-in-argentina
#1
Laura G Goetz, Claudia Valeggia
OBJECTIVES: The Toba/Qom of Namqom are an indigenous community native to the Gran Chaco region of northern Argentina. Historically seminomadic foragers, the diet of peri-urban community members has rapidly changed from high-protein, high-fiber to hypercaloric, processed. This study aims to understand the impact of this nutritional transition on aspects of women's health by exploring the relationship between prevalence of anemia and current diet composition, place of birth, and reproductive history...
January 19, 2017: American Journal of Human Biology: the Official Journal of the Human Biology Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097055/comprehensive-transcriptome-analysis-provides-new-insights-into-nutritional-strategies-and-phylogenetic-relationships-of-chrysophytes
#2
Daniela Beisser, Nadine Graupner, Christina Bock, Sabina Wodniok, Lars Grossmann, Matthijs Vos, Bernd Sures, Sven Rahmann, Jens Boenigk
BACKGROUND: Chrysophytes are protist model species in ecology and ecophysiology and important grazers of bacteria-sized microorganisms and primary producers. However, they have not yet been investigated in detail at the molecular level, and no genomic and only little transcriptomic information is available. Chrysophytes exhibit different trophic modes: while phototrophic chrysophytes perform only photosynthesis, mixotrophs can gain carbon from bacterial food as well as from photosynthesis, and heterotrophs solely feed on bacteria-sized microorganisms...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096329/tissue-dual-rna-seq-allows-fast-discovery-of-infection-specific-functions-and-riboregulators-shaping-host-pathogen-transcriptomes
#3
Aaron M Nuss, Michael Beckstette, Maria Pimenova, Carina Schmühl, Wiebke Opitz, Fabio Pisano, Ann Kathrin Heroven, Petra Dersch
Pathogenic bacteria need to rapidly adjust their virulence and fitness program to prevent eradication by the host. So far, underlying adaptation processes that drive pathogenesis have mostly been studied in vitro, neglecting the true complexity of host-induced stimuli acting on the invading pathogen. In this study, we developed an unbiased experimental approach that allows simultaneous monitoring of genome-wide infection-linked transcriptional alterations of the host and colonizing extracellular pathogens. Using this tool for Yersinia pseudotuberculosis-infected lymphatic tissues, we revealed numerous alterations of host transcripts associated with inflammatory and acute-phase responses, coagulative activities, and transition metal ion sequestration, highlighting that the immune response is dominated by infiltrating neutrophils and elicits a mixed TH17/TH1 response...
January 17, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095328/an-integrated-proteomic-and-transcriptomic-analysis-of-perivitelline-fluid-proteins-in-a-freshwater-gastropod-laying-aerial-eggs
#4
Huawei Mu, Jin Sun, Horacio Heras, Ka Hou Chu, Jian-Wen Qiu
: Proteins of the egg perivitelline fluid (PVF) that surrounds the embryo are critical for embryonic development in many animals, but little is known about their identities. Using an integrated proteomic and transcriptomic approach, we identified 64 proteins from the PVF of Pomacea maculata - a freshwater snail adopting aerial oviposition. Proteins were classified into eight functional groups: major multifunctional perivitellin subunits, immune response, energy metabolism, protein degradation, oxidation-reduction, signaling and binding, transcription and translation, and others...
January 14, 2017: Journal of Proteomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088407/far-off-and-close-up-dry-matter-intake-modulate-indicators-of-immunometabolic-adaptations-to-lactation-in-subcutaneous-adipose-tissue-of-pasture-based-transition-dairy-cows
#5
M Vailati-Riboni, G Farina, F Batistel, A Heiser, M D Mitchell, M A Crookenden, C G Walker, J K Kay, S Meier, J R Roche, J J Loor
The common practice of increasing dietary energy density during the close-up dry period (last ∼3 wk prepartum) has been recently associated with a higher incidence of metabolic disorders after calving. Despite these reports, over-feeding of metabolizable energy (ME) during the far-off, nonlactating period is a common management policy aimed at achieving optimum calving body condition score (BCS) in pasture-based systems, as cows are generally thinner than total mixed ration cows at the end of lactation. Our hypothesis was that both far-off and close-up overfeeding influence the peripartum adipose tissue changes associated with energy balance and inflammatory state...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086921/a-randomized-controlled-trial-focusing-on-socio-economic-status-for-promoting-vegetable-intake-among-adults-using-a-web-based-nutrition-intervention-programme-study-protocol
#6
Saki Nakamura, Takayo Inayama, Takashi Arao
BACKGROUND: Web-based nutritional education programmes appear to be comparable to those delivered face-to-face. However, no existing web-based nutrition education or similar programme has yet been evaluated with consideration of socio-economic status. The objective of a nutritional education programme of promoting vegetable intake designed a randomized controlled trial (RCT) is to evaluate the results of intervention and to determine how socio-economic status influences the programme effects...
January 13, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073252/jafc-most-trusted-partner-in-a-global-transition-of-agriculture-food-nutrition-research
#7
Thomas F Hofmann
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 11, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069093/development-and-evaluation-of-a-nutrition-transition-ffq-for-adolescents-in-south-india
#8
Nida I Shaikh, Jennifer K Frediani, Usha Ramakrishnan, Shailaja S Patil, Kathryn M Yount, Reynaldo Martorell, Km Venkat Narayan, Solveig A Cunningham
OBJECTIVE: To develop and evaluate a Nutrition Transition-FFQ (NT-FFQ) to measure nutrition transition among adolescents in South India. DESIGN: We developed an interviewer-administered NT-FFQ comprising a 125-item semi-quantitative FFQ and a twenty-seven-item eating behaviour survey. The reproducibility and validity of the NT-FFQ were assessed using Spearman correlations, intra-class correlation coefficients (ICC), and levels of agreement using Bland-Altman and cross-classification over 2 months (NT-FFQ1 and NT-FFQ2)...
January 10, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057479/main-meal-quality-in-brazil-and-united-kingdom-similarities-and-differences
#9
Bartira Mendes Gorgulho, Gerda Karolien Pot, Flavia Mori Sarti, Dirce Maria Marchioni
Consumption of fast food and ready-to-eat meals has been positively associated with obesity. In the UK, ready-made meals are more often consumed than in Brazil, a country in which nutrition transition is relatively low. This study aimed to compare the nutritional quality of the main meal consumed by adults in Brazil and UK. Food record data was obtained from representative samples from UK and Brazil databases. The Main Meal Quality Index (MMQI) was applied to estimate the quality of the main meal consumed in Brazil and UK...
January 3, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057042/prevalence-and-factors-associated-with-overweight-and-obesity-among-private-kindergarten-school-children-in-bahirdar-town-northwest-ethiopia-cross-sectional-study
#10
Yoseph Tadesse, Terefe Derso, Kefyalew Addis Alene, Molla Mesele Wassie
BACKGROUND: In Sub-Saharan Africa, most nutrition efforts have concentrated on under-nutrition in children. However, national surveys rarely report the high prevalence of overweight and obesity among children. Likewise, in Ethiopia there is growing recognition of the emergence of a "double-burden" of malnutrition, with under and over nutrition occurring simultaneously among children, especially allied with improvements in socio-economic conditions. Hence, the study aimed to assess the prevalence and factors associated with overweight and obesity among private kindergarten school children aged 3-6 years in Bahirdar town, Northwest Ethiopia...
January 4, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049255/the-geriatric-nutritional-risk-index-may-predict-healthcare-costs-and-health-transitions-during-hemodialysis-in-china
#11
Yanna Dou, Pei Wang, Fangfang Yuan, Xianhui Liang, Dong Liu, Jing Xiao, Zhanzheng Zhao, Zhangsuo Liu
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to retrospectively analyze the relationship between the Geriatric Nutritional Risk Index (GNRI) at baseline and healthcare costs of three-month as well as the risk of quality-of-life score at the 6-month follow-up for Chinese hemodialysis patients. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: One hundred patients who had been on maintenance hemodialysis were enrolled in this study. The general characteristics, laboratory test results and GNRI of the patients at baseline were recorded...
January 2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28044232/lipid-emulsions-containing-medium-chain-triacylglycerols-blunt-bradykinin-induced-endothelium-dependent-relaxation-in-porcine-coronary-artery-rings
#12
Said Amissi, Julie Boisramé-Helms, Mélanie Burban, Sherzad K Rashid, Antonio J León-González, Cyril Auger, Florence Toti, Ferhat Meziani, Valérie B Schini-Kerth
Lipid emulsions for parenteral nutrition are used to provide calories and essential fatty acids for patients. They have been associated with hypertriglyceridemia, hypercholesterolemia, and metabolic stress, which may promote the development of endothelial dysfunction in patients. The aim of the present study was to determine whether five different industrial lipid emulsions may affect the endothelial function of coronary arteries. Porcine coronary artery rings were incubated with lipid emulsions 0.5, 1, or 2% (v/v) for 30 min before the determination of vascular reactivity in organ chambers and the level of oxidative stress using electron paramagnetic resonance...
January 2, 2017: Lipids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039510/surgical-strategies-in-short-bowel-syndrome
#13
REVIEW
Michael E Höllwarth
Extensive loss of small bowel in all age groups has significant morbidity and mortality consequences. Despite the astonishing ability of the small bowel to compensate for an extensive loss, long-term parenteral nutrition and enteral nutrition, tailored to the need of the patients in relation to the missing intestinal regions is needed. Organ-preserving surgical intervention becomes necessary in patients with a very short intestinal transit time and in an other group of patients with impaired propulsive peristalsis...
December 30, 2016: Pediatric Surgery International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035142/assessment-of-nutritional-quality-glycaemic-index-antidiabetic-and-sensory-properties-of-plantain-musa-paradisiaca-based-functional-dough-meals
#14
Opeyemi Famakin, Akindele Fatoyinbo, Oluwole Steve Ijarotimi, Adebanjo Ayobamidele Badejo, Tayo Nathaniel Fagbemi
Nutrition transition to high energy-dense foods has been implicated as the major causes of diet related diseases. Plantain-based dough meals supplemented with soybean cake and cassava fibre were developed by combining them in different proportions using response surface methodology. The flour blends were analyzed for the nutritional composition while the glycaemic index, antidiabetic potentials and protein digestibility of the dough meals were determined in wistar rats. The nutritional and essential amino acid contents of the flour blends were comparable to that of cerolina (a commercially available food product commonly recommended for diabetic patients)...
November 2016: Journal of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029573/mechanical-circulatory-support-and-heart-transplantation-in-the-asia-pacific-region
#15
EDITORIAL
Cumaraswamy Sivathasan, Choon Pin Lim, Ka Lee Kerk, David K L Sim, Mandeep R Mehra
Globalization has resulted in epidemiologic transition in developing countries from infectious disease and nutritional deficiencies to non-communicable diseases. Epidemiologic data on heart failure (HF), particularly advanced HF therapy, in Asia are increasingly becoming available, although they remain sparse. Heart transplantation for advanced stage HF remains very low in Asia-approximately 0.075 heart transplants per 1 million population. North America, which comprises 7.5% of the world population, accounted for 55...
September 29, 2016: Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028435/age-or-health-status-which-influences-medical-insurance-enrollment-greater
#16
Wei Xu, Gong-Jie Cai, Guan-Nan Li, Jing-Jing Cao, Qiong-Hua Shi, Jie Bai
BACKGROUND: The New Cooperative Medical Scheme (NCMS) for peasantries implemented in 2003 and the Urban Resident Basic Medical Insurance (URBMI) for the urban unemployed implemented in 2007 have many similarities. They both apply the financing mode of individual premiums plus government's subsidies, and the voluntary enrollment. The Chinese government plans to integrate these two systems and build a unified basic medical insurance system for the unemployed in order to achieve the medical equity and increase the general health level...
December 2016: Journal of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027318/stage-specific-changes-in-plasmodium-metabolism-required-for-differentiation-and-adaptation-to-different-host-and-vector-environments
#17
Anubhav Srivastava, Nisha Philip, Katie R Hughes, Konstantina Georgiou, James I MacRae, Michael P Barrett, Darren J Creek, Malcolm J McConville, Andrew P Waters
Malaria parasites (Plasmodium spp.) encounter markedly different (nutritional) environments during their complex life cycles in the mosquito and human hosts. Adaptation to these different host niches is associated with a dramatic rewiring of metabolism, from a highly glycolytic metabolism in the asexual blood stages to increased dependence on tricarboxylic acid (TCA) metabolism in mosquito stages. Here we have used stable isotope labelling, targeted metabolomics and reverse genetics to map stage-specific changes in Plasmodium berghei carbon metabolism and determine the functional significance of these changes on parasite survival in the blood and mosquito stages...
December 2016: PLoS Pathogens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024863/targeting-physical-activity-interventions-for-adults-when-should-intervention-occur
#18
Katelyn M Holliday, Dan Yu Lin, Sujatro Chakladar, Sheila F Castañeda, Martha L Daviglus, Kelly R Evenson, David X Marquez, Qibin Qi, Christina M Shay, Daniela Sotres-Alvarez, Denise C Vidot, Donglin Zeng, Christy L Avery
Understanding demographic differences in transitions across physical activity (PA) levels is important for informing PA-promoting interventions, yet few studies have examined these transitions in contemporary multi-ethnic adult populations. We estimated age-, race/ethnicity-, and sex-specific 1-year net transition probabilities (NTPs) for National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2007-2012, n=11,556) and Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos (2008-2011, n=15,585) adult participants using novel Markov-type state transition models developed for cross-sectional data...
December 23, 2016: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017265/cortical-specialisation-to-social-stimuli-from-the-first-days-to-the-second-year-of-life-a-rural-gambian-cohort
#19
S Lloyd-Fox, K Begus, D Halliday, L Pirazzoli, A Blasi, M Papademetriou, M K Darboe, A M Prentice, M H Johnson, S E Moore, C E Elwell
Brain and nervous system development in human infants during the first 1000days (conception to two years of age) is critical, and compromised development during this time (such as from under nutrition or poverty) can have life-long effects on physical growth and cognitive function. Cortical mapping of cognitive function during infancy is poorly understood in resource-poor settings due to the lack of transportable and low-cost neuroimaging methods. Having established a signature cortical response to social versus non-social visual and auditory stimuli in infants from 4 to 6 months of age in the UK, here we apply this functional Near Infrared Spectroscopy (fNIRS) paradigm to investigate social responses in infants from the first postnatal days to the second year of life in two contrasting environments: rural Gambian and urban UK...
November 27, 2016: Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28010854/a-tale-of-two-runners-a-case-report-of-athletes-experiences-with-eating-disorders-in%C3%A2-college
#20
Paula A Quatromoni
Athletes are at higher risk than the general population for eating disorders, and risk is heightened for athletes in thin-build sports, including track. Collegiate athletes are particularly vulnerable to disordered eating when the transition from home to the college environment adds to the stress of performance pressures and the high demands of the sport environment. Male and female athletes who develop eating disorders share some common characteristics, yet their experiences can be quite different, in part as a consequence of their sex and how eating disorders develop, and are recognized, acknowledged, and treated, within the culture of sports...
January 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
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