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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539674/nutrition-label-experience-and-consumption-of-transitional-foods-among-a-nationwide-cohort-of-42-750-thai-adults
#1
Wimalin Rimpeekool, Martyn Kirk, Vasoontara Yiengprugsawan, Cathy Banwell, Sam-Ang Seubsman, Adrian Sleigh
PURPOSE: The purpose of this paper is to assess the usefulness of nutrition labels in Thailand during nutrition transition from traditional to modern diets that increase salt, sugar, and calorie intake and to note socio-demographic interactions and associations with consumption of transitional processed foods. DESIGN/METHODOLOGY/APPROACH: The authors studied 42,750 distance learning Open University adults aged 23-96 years in 2013 residing nationwide and participating in an ongoing community-based prospective cohort study...
2017: Br Food J
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537579/developmental-origins-of-diabetes-an-indian-perspective
#2
REVIEW
G V Krishnaveni, C S Yajnik
The developmental origins of health disease (DOHaD) hypothesis proposes that altered environmental influences (nutrition, metabolism, pollutants, stress and so on) during critical stages of fetal growth predisposes individuals to diabetes and other non-communicable disease in later life. This phenomenon is thought to reflect permanent effects ('programming') of unbalanced fetal development on physiological systems. Intrauterine programming may underlie the characteristic Indian 'thin-fat' phenotype and the current unprecedented epidemic of diabetes on the backdrop of multigenerational maternal undernutrition in the country...
May 24, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537324/validation-of-the-photography-method-for-nutritional-intake-assessment-in-hospitalized-elderly-subjects
#3
F Monacelli, M Sartini, V Bassoli, D Becchetti, A L Biagini, A Nencioni, M Cea, R Borghi, F Torre, P Odetti
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to validate the photographic indirect method as an accurate and specific tool to assess nutritional intake in a cohort of elderly hospitalized patients. DESIGN: this is a prospective observational study. SETTING: hospital (geriatric acute ward and transitional care of IRCCSS AUO San Martino Hospital, Genoa, Italy). PARTICIPANTS: 255 consecutive elderly hospitalized patients...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531419/current-practices-and-experience-of-transition-of-young-people-on-long-term-home-parenteral-nutrition-pn-to-adult-services-a-perspective-from-specialist-centres
#4
E Kyrana, S V Beath, S Gabe, M Small, S Hill
BACKGROUND: There has been an estimated fivefold increase in the number of children receiving parenteral nutrition (PN) at home in the past 10 years with some children approaching the age when they should be referred to adult services whilst still on treatment. Models of care for moving young people onto adult providers of PN at home are not yet well developed, and transition is a potentially dangerous time for young people with complex health needs. METHODS: A questionnaire to ascertain current experience and practices of transition in the context of home PN services was dispatched to 170 consultant gastroenterologists who were members of the British Association of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition (BAPEN) and also to all 40 members of the Nutrition and IF working group of the British Society of Paediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition (BSPGHAN)...
August 2016: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528647/transition-metal-homeostasis-in-streptococcus-pyogenes-and-streptococcus-pneumoniae
#5
Andrew G Turner, Cheryl-Lynn Y Ong, Mark J Walker, Karrera Y Djoko, Alastair G McEwan
Trace metals such as Fe, Mn, Zn and Cu are essential for various biological functions including proper innate immune function. The host immune system has complicated and coordinated mechanisms in place to either starve and/or overload invading pathogens with various metals to combat the infection. Here, we discuss the roles of Fe, Mn and Zn in terms of nutritional immunity, and also the roles of Cu and Zn in metal overload in relation to the physiology and pathogenesis of two human streptococcal species, Streptococcus pneumoniae and Streptococcus pyogenes...
2017: Advances in Microbial Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528092/structural-strength-analysis-of-amorphous-trehalose-maltodextrin-systems
#6
V A Maidannyk, B Nurhadi, Y H Roos
Fundamental knowledge of physical state of materials gives practically important information for food, biological and pharmaceutical industry. Based on Williams-Landel-Ferry (WLF) equation, the strength concept was introduced. This concept provides a simple parameter, S, to express resistance of solids to flow above the glass transition temperature. To develop this approach, miscible trehalose-maltodextrin (0:100; 20:80; 40:60; 60:40; 80:20 and 100:0) systems with different ratios of components were used in the present study...
June 2017: Food Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526479/foxo-mediates-the-timing-of-pupation-through-regulating-ecdysteroid-biosynthesis-in-the-red-flour-beetle-tribolium-castaneum
#7
Xianyu Lin, Na Yu, Guy Smagghe
The steroid hormone 20-hydroxyecdysone (20E), the major developmental hormone in insects, controls all the developmental transitions including ecdysis and metamorphosis. In our study with last larval stages of the red flour beetle, Tribolium castaneum, dsRNA-mediated gene silencing of Forkhead box protein O (FoxO) resulted in reduced food intake and larval mass and this agreed with a reduction in the expression of insulin signaling-related genes (insulin-like peptides 2, 3, 4, and chico). Interestingly, we also observed a significant delay in the moment of the pupation and these FoxO-silenced larvae then died at the middle pupal stage...
May 16, 2017: General and Comparative Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524384/patient-reported-dietetic-care-post-hospital-for-free-living-patients-a-canadian-malnutrition-task-force-study
#8
H Keller, H Payette, M Laporte, P Bernier, J Allard, D Duerksen, L Gramlich, K Jeejeebhoy
BACKGROUND: Transitions out of hospital can influence recovery. Ideally, malnourished patients should be followed by someone with nutrition expertise, specifically a dietitian, post discharge from hospital. Predictors of dietetic care post discharge are currently unknown. The present study aimed to determine the patient factors independently associated with 30-days post hospital discharge dietetic care for free-living patients who transitioned to the community. METHODOLOGY: Nine hundred and twenty-two medical or surgical adult patients were recruited in 16 acute care hospitals in eight Canadian provinces on admission...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522901/transition-of-early-phase-treatment-for-acute-pancreatitis-an-analysis-of-nationwide-epidemiological-survey
#9
EDITORIAL
Shin Hamada, Atsushi Masamune, Tooru Shimosegawa
Treatment of acute pancreatitis (AP) is one of the critical challenges to the field of gastroenterology because of its high mortality rate and high medical costs associated with the treatment of severe cases. Early-phase treatments for AP have been optimized in Japan, and clinical guidelines have been provided. However, changes in early-phase treatments and the relationship between treatment strategy and clinical outcome remain unclear. Retrospective analysis of nationwide epidemiological data shows that time for AP diagnosis has shortened, and the amount of initial fluid resuscitation has increased over time, indicating the compliance with guidelines...
April 28, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513261/rainer-gross-award-lecture-2016
#10
Saurabh Mehta, Susannah Colt, Seoho Lee, David Erickson
The need for improving methods of nutritional assessment and delivering primary health care globally cannot be overemphasized. While advances in medical technology typically create more disparities because of access being limited to resource-rich settings, a transition of health care to a mobile platform is increasingly leveling the field. Technological advances offer opportunities to scale laboratory procedures down to mobile devices, such as smartphones and tablets. Globalization also provides the required infrastructure and network capacity to support the use of mobile health devices in developing settings where nutritional deficiencies are most prevalent...
June 2017: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512453/alterations-in-the-rumen-liquid-particle-and-epithelium-associated-microbiota-of-dairy-cows-during-the-transition-from-a-silage-and-concentrate-based-ration-to-pasture-in-spring
#11
Melanie Schären, Kerstin Kiri, Susanne Riede, Mark Gardener, Ulrich Meyer, Jürgen Hummel, Tim Urich, Gerhard Breves, Sven Dänicke
In spring dairy cows are often gradually transitioned from a silage- and concentrate-based ration (total mixed ration, TMR) to pasture. Rumen microbiota adaptability is a key feature of ruminant survival strategy. However, only little is known on the temporal and spatial microbial alterations involved. This study aims to investigate how the rumen liquid (LAAB), particle (PAAB), and epithelium (EAAB) associated archaea and bacteria are influenced by this nutritional change. A 10-wk trial was performed, including 10 rumen-fistulated dairy cows, equally divided into a pasture- and a confinement- group (PG and CG)...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510585/the-prevalence-of-underweight-overweight-and-obesity-in-bangladeshi-adults-data-from-a-national-survey
#12
Tuhin Biswas, Sarah P Garnett, Sonia Pervin, Lal B Rawal
BACKGROUND: Over the two last decades Bangladesh, a low-income country, has experienced a rapid demographic and epidemiological transition. The population has increased substantially with rapid urbanization and changing pattern of disease, which at least in part, can be explained by nutritional changes. However, the nutritional status of the adult population has not been previously described. Hence, the objective of this study was to estimate the prevalence and explore socio-demographic determinants of underweight, overweight and obesity among the Bangladeshi adult population...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497290/medium-chain-length-polyhydroxyalkanoates-synthesis-by-pseudomonas-putida-kt2440-rela-spot-mutant-bioprocess-characterization-and-transcriptome-analysis
#13
Justyna Mozejko-Ciesielska, Dorota Dabrowska, Agnieszka Szalewska-Palasz, Slawomir Ciesielski
Pseudomonas putida KT2440 is a model bacteria used commonly for medium-chain-length polyhydroxyalkanoates (mcl-PHAs) production using various substrates. However, despite many studies conducted on P. putida KT2440 strain, the molecular mechanisms of leading to mcl-PHAs synthesis in reaction to environmental stimuli are still not clear. The rearrangement of the metabolism in response to environmental stress could be controlled by stringent response that modulates the transcription of many genes in order to promote survival under nutritional deprivation conditions...
December 2017: AMB Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496991/torc1-coordinates-the-conversion-of-sic1-from-a-target-to-an-inhibitor-of-cyclin-cdk-cks1
#14
Marta Moreno-Torres, Malika Jaquenoud, Marie-Pierre Péli-Gulli, Raffaele Nicastro, Claudio De Virgilio
Eukaryotic cell cycle progression through G1-S is driven by hormonal and growth-related signals that are transmitted by the target of rapamycin complex 1 (TORC1) pathway. In yeast, inactivation of TORC1 restricts G1-S transition due to the rapid clearance of G1 cyclins (Cln) and the stabilization of the B-type cyclin (Clb) cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK) inhibitor Sic1. The latter mechanism remains mysterious but requires the phosphorylation of Sic1-Thr(173) by Mpk1 and inactivation of the Sic1-pThr(173)-targeting phosphatase (PP2A(Cdc55)) through greatwall kinase-activated endosulfines...
2017: Cell Discovery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490967/comparative-study-of-fatty-acid-composition-of-table-eggs-from-the-jeddah-food-market-and-effect-of-value-addition-in-omega-3-bio-fortified-eggs
#15
Shahida Aziz Khan, Aziz Khan, Sarah A Khan, Mohd Amin Beg, Ashraf Ali, Ghazi Damanhouri
Health consciousness has increased the desire of people around the world to consume functional foods. Omega-3 essential fatty acids are one among these beneficial and important health supplements without which a general predisposition to degenerative and stress related disorders can occur. Saudi Arabia has shown an alarming increase in obesity (Al-Nozha et al., 2005), diabetes (Alqurashi et al., 2011), and cardiovascular disease (Al-Nozha et al., 2004) in the last few decades mainly due to nutritional transitions and lifestyle alterations (Amuna and Zotor, 2008)...
May 2017: Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486162/the-impact-of-nutrition-on-intestinal-bacterial-communities
#16
REVIEW
Harry J Flint, Sylvia H Duncan, Petra Louis
What we eat influences the species composition of our gut microbiota. This is not only because diet composition determines the supply of substrates for microbial growth (in the form of dietary residue, mainly fibre, that reaches the large intestine) but also because of impacts on gut transit and the gut environment. In turn the metabolic activities of the gut microbiota, which have important health consequences, are influenced by diet and diet-driven changes in microbiota composition. Better understanding of the metabolic capabilities and host-interactions of dominant members of the gut microbiota will aid our ability to improve human health through diet...
May 6, 2017: Current Opinion in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483855/the-association-of-metal-homeostasis-and-p-ppgpp-regulation-in-the-pathophysiology-of-enterococcus-faecalis
#17
C Colomer-Winter, A O Gaca, J A Lemos
In Enterococcus faecalis, the regulatory nucleotides pppGpp and ppGpp, collectively (p)ppGpp, are required for growth in blood, survival within macrophages and virulence. However, a clear understanding of how (p)ppGpp promotes virulence in E. faecalis and other bacterial pathogens is still lacking. In the host, the essential transition metals iron (Fe) and manganese (Mn) are not readily available to invading pathogens because of a host-driven process called nutritional immunity. Considering its central role in adaptation to nutritional stresses, we hypothesized that (p)ppGpp mediates E...
May 8, 2017: Infection and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483584/changes-in-diet-from-age-10-to-14-years-and-prospective-associations-with-school-lunch-choice
#18
Eleanor M Winpenny, Kirsten L Corder, Andy Jones, Gina L Ambrosini, Martin White, Esther M F van Sluijs
BACKGROUND: There is limited evidence on how diet changes over the transition from primary to secondary school. In this study we investigated changes in diet from age 10 (2007) to age 14 years (2011) and the contribution of school-time consumption and school lunch choice to such changes. METHODS: The 351 participants with dietary data (4 day food record) available at baseline (age 10 years) and follow-up (age 14 years) were included. Multi-level regression models were fitted for absolute or change in food and nutrient intake, cross-classified by primary and secondary school attended as appropriate, with adjustment for covariates and mis-reporting...
May 5, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482855/motivation-and-obstacles-for-weight-management-among-young-women-a-qualitative-study-with-a-public-health-focus-the-troms%C3%A3-study-fit-futures
#19
Anne-Sofie Sand, Nina Emaus, Olaug S Lian
BACKGROUND: Due to a worldwide increase in overweight and obesity, weight-management through lifestyle changes has become an important public health issue. Adolescents and young adults comprise a vulnerable group. The transition into adulthood represents a stage in life when establishing good lifestyle habits for the future is important. The aim of this study was to explore motivation and obstacles for weight reduction, weight maintenance and healthy lifestyle choices in young women. METHODS: We conducted semi-structured in depth interviews with 12 young women, both overweight and normal weight, recruited from a school-based population survey...
May 8, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482842/contextual-influences-affecting-patterns-of-overweight-and-obesity-among-university-students-a-50-universities-population-based-study-in-china
#20
Tingzhong Yang, Lingwei Yu, Ross Barnett, Shuhan Jiang, Sihui Peng, Yafeng Fan, Lu Li
BACKGROUND: Many studies have examined childhood and adolescent obesity, but few have examined young adults and the effect of their home and current living environments on prevalence rates. The present study explores contextual factors affecting overweight and obesity among university students in China and, in particular, focuses on how the SES-obesity relationship varies across different geographical contexts. METHODS: Participants were 11,673 students, who were identified through a multistage survey sampling process conducted in 50 universities...
May 8, 2017: International Journal of Health Geographics
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