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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437132/home-enteral-nutrition-updates-trends-and-challenges
#1
Karen Martin, Gabriela Gardner
The true prevalence of home enteral nutrition (HEN) utilization is unclear and requires further study. HEN therapy has remained virtually unchanged for several decades. However, new trends in HEN are evolving; enteral nutrition is undergoing changes ranging from enteral feeding devices, ingredients used, practice innovations, and challenges with reimbursement. A 2006 Joint Commission call to action that reported 2 sentinel events related to misconnections set things into motion for the transition of enteral device connectors to become specific for enteral nutrition use, which will affect patients who receive HEN...
April 1, 2017: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436102/nutrition-in-adolescents-physiology-metabolism-and-nutritional-needs
#2
REVIEW
Jai K Das, Rehana A Salam, Kent L Thornburg, Andrew M Prentice, Susan Campisi, Zohra S Lassi, Berthold Koletzko, Zulfiqar A Bhutta
Adolescence is the period of development that begins at puberty and ends in early adulthood. Most commonly, adolescence is divided into three developmental periods: early adolescence (10-14 years of age), late adolescence (15-19 years of age), and young adulthood (20-24 years of age). Adolescence is marked by physical and sexual maturation, social and economic independence, development of identity, acquisition of skills needed to carry out adult relationships and roles, and the capacity for abstract reasoning...
April 2017: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435192/effect-of-peripartum-nutritional-management-on-plasma-profile-of-steroid-hormones-metabolites-and-postpartum-fertility-in-buffaloes
#3
R M Kalasariya, A J Dhami, K K Hadiya, D N Borkhatariya, J A Patel
AIM: The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of peripartum protein and minerals supplementation on plasma profile of steroid hormones, metabolites, and fertility in rural buffaloes. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 85 advanced pregnant (~8 months) pluriparous buffaloes selected at farmers' doorstep in three tribal villages of Middle Gujarat were randomly divided into two groups, viz., control (n=45) and nutrients treatment (40). The buffaloes of treatment group (n=40), in addition to farmers feeding schedule/control, received daily 1...
March 2017: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429916/opportunities-and-barriers-to-public-health-nutrition-education-in-vietnamese-universities
#4
Quynh Th Pham, Anthony Worsley, Mark Lawrence, Bernie Marshall
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: A core challenge for low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) in combating the negative effects of the nutrition transition is to implement appropriate prevention strategies to halt the increasing prevalence of obesity and non-communicable diseases (NCDs), against a background of prevailing under nutrition. There have been several proposals for the enhancement of university nutrition education for future health and related professionals who are expected to communicate knowledge of health risks to the broad community...
May 2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429202/small-bowel-motility
#5
REVIEW
Carolina Malagelada, Juan R Malagelada
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Small bowel motility disorders constitute a relatively small but important segment of clinical gastroenterology. Presenting features encompass a broad range of symptom manifestations and severity: from chronic functional-type complaints to life-threatening nutritional impairment. Diagnostic assessment of patients with suspected intestinal motility disorders is often hampered by the complexity of measuring intestinal contractile activity in humans. In this review, we describe and critically comment the main current and forthcoming methodologies...
June 2017: Current Gastroenterology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423153/heterogeneity-in-blood-pressure-transitions-over-the-life-course-age-specific-emergence-of-racial-ethnic-and-sex-disparities-in-the-united-states
#6
Shakia T Hardy, Katelyn M Holliday, Sujatro Chakladar, Joseph C Engeda, Norrina B Allen, Gerardo Heiss, Donald M Lloyd-Jones, Pamela J Schreiner, Christina M Shay, Danyu Lin, Donglin Zeng, Christy L Avery
Importance: Many studies have assessed racial/ethnic and sex disparities in the prevalence of elevated blood pressure (BP) from childhood to adulthood, yet few have examined differences in age-specific transitions between categories of BP over the life course in contemporary, multiracial/multiethnic populations. Objective: To estimate age, racial/ethnic, and sex-specific annual net transition probabilities between categories of BP using Markov modeling of cross-sectional data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey...
April 19, 2017: JAMA Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422124/prevalence-of-type-2-diabetes-and-its-complications-in-india-and-economic-costs-to-the-nation
#7
REVIEW
R Pradeepa, V Mohan
Diabetes, a major lifestyle disorder, has become a global burden, and the prevalence rates are rising steeply in developing economies. Rapid socioeconomic transition with urbanization and industrialization are the main causes for the global diabetes epidemic. Among developing economies, the highest increase in number of people with diabetes is in China followed by India. In India, the epidemic of diabetes continue to increase and is experiencing a shift in diabetes prevalence from urban to rural areas, the affluent to the less privileged and from older to younger people...
April 19, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422123/role-of-lifestyle-factors-in-the-epidemic-of-diabetes-lessons-learnt-from-india
#8
REVIEW
M Deepa, R M Anjana, V Mohan
The prevalence of type 2 diabetes (T2D) is increasing steadily globally with the largest increases occurring in developing countries like India. This is attributed to the changes in the lifestyle factors, including physical inactivity and unhealthy diet, both of which are modifiable. Existing evidence suggests that increasing physical activity reduces the risk of T2D. Improving the built environment can make it more conducive to people to increase physical activity. There is also a rapid nutrition transition with consumption of diets with higher intake of refined grains, higher fat, increased consumption of sugar and sweetened beverages, and lower intake of fruits and vegetables...
April 19, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422119/current-lifestyle-factors-that-increase-risk-of-t2dm-in-china
#9
REVIEW
N Zhang, S M Du, G S Ma
The Report on the Status of Nutrition and Chronic Diseases of Chinese residents (2015) indicated that the prevalence of diabetes was 9.7% among adults aged ⩾18 years, which markedly increased from 2.6% in 2002 within 10 years. In addition to the social economic factors, transitions in food consumption, behavioral and lifestyle playing the important roles in the fast increase of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). In 2010-2012, the cereal food consumption of Chinese residents was 337 g/d, vegetables consumption 269 g/d, fruit consumption 41 g/d, legume and legume products 11 g/d, dairy and dairy products consumption 25 g/d, meat consumption 90 g/d, edible oil consumption 42 g/d and dietary fiber 10...
April 19, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413250/agricultural-commercialization-and-nutrition-revisited-empirical-evidence-from-three-african-countries
#10
Calogero Carletto, Paul Corral, Anita Guelfi
The transition from subsistence to commercial agriculture is key for economic growth. But what are the consequences for nutritional outcomes? The evidence to date has been scant and inconclusive. This study contributes to the debate by revisiting two prevailing wisdoms: (a) market participation by African smallholders remains low; and (b) the impact of commercialization on nutritional outcomes is generally positive. Using nationally representative data from three African countries, the analysis reveals high levels of commercialization by even the poorest and smallest landholders, with rates of market participation as high as 90%...
February 2017: Food Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409284/development-prevention-and-treatment-of-feeding-tube-dependency
#11
REVIEW
Hilde Krom, J Peter de Winter, Angelika Kindermann
Enteral nutrition is effective in ensuring nutritional requirements and growth. However, when tube feeding lasts for a longer period, it can lead to tube dependency in the absence of medical reasons for continuation of tube feeding. Tube-dependent children are unable or refuse to start oral activities and they lack oral skills. Tube dependency has health-, psychosocial-, and economy-related consequences. Therefore, the transition to oral feeding is of great importance. However, this transition can be very difficult and needs a multidisciplinary approach...
April 13, 2017: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407006/functional-and-structural-characterization-of-plastidic-starch-phosphorylase-during-barley-endosperm-development
#12
Jose A Cuesta-Seijo, Christian Ruzanski, Katarzyna Krucewicz, Sebastian Meier, Per Hägglund, Birte Svensson, Monica M Palcic
The production of starch is essential for human nutrition and represents a major metabolic flux in the biosphere. The biosynthesis of starch in storage organs like barley endosperm operates via two main pathways using different substrates: starch synthases use ADP-glucose to produce amylose and amylopectin, the two major components of starch, whereas starch phosphorylase (Pho1) uses glucose-1-phosphate (G1P), a precursor for ADP-glucose production, to produce α-1,4 glucans. The significance of the Pho1 pathway in starch biosynthesis has remained unclear...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405988/a-study-of-salt-and-fat-consumption-pattern-in-regional-indian-diet-among-hypertensive-and-dyslipidemic-patients-script-study
#13
Dayanand Kumbla, Mala Dharmalingam, Kalpesh Dalvi, Saumitra Ray, Mahesh K Shah, Sanjay Gupta, S Sadhanandham, A K Ajmani, Sanjay Nag, Srinivas Murthy, Mohana Murugan, Abhijit Trailokya, Tushar Fegade
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular diseases are leading cause of mortality and morbidity. There is an increasing prevalence of hypertension and dyslipidemia due to globalization and adoption of westernized dietary habits in India. These transitions are manifest in dietary patterns and health outcomes. OBJECTIVE: To study the dietary salt and fat intake among patients diagnosed with hypertension and dyslipidemia in India. METHODS: SCRIPT study was a pilot exploratory, cross-sectional, observational, descriptive, multi-center study...
December 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403765/the-australasian-society-for-infectious-diseases-and-refugee-health-network-of-australia-recommendations-for-health-assessment-for-people-from-refugee-like-backgrounds-an-abridged-outline
#14
Nadia J Chaves, Georgia A Paxton, Beverley-Ann Biggs, Aesen Thambiran, Joanne Gardiner, Jan Williams, Mitchell M Smith, Joshua S Davis
In 2009, the Australasian Society of Infectious Diseases published guidelines on the post-arrival health assessment of recently arrived refugees. Since then, the number of refugees and asylum seekers reaching Australia has increased substantially (17 555 refugees in 2015-16) and the countries of origin have changed. These groups are likely to have had poor access to health care pre-arrival and, consequently, are at risk of a range of chronic and infectious diseases. We established an advisory group that included infectious diseases physicians, general practitioners, public health specialists, paediatricians and refugee health nurses to update the 2009 guidelines...
April 17, 2017: Medical Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398257/the-life-course-implications-of-ready-to-use-therapeutic-food-for-children-in-low-income-countries
#15
Alessandra N Bazzano, Kaitlin S Potts, Lydia A Bazzano, John B Mason
The development of ready-to-use therapeutic food (RUTF) for the treatment of uncomplicated cases of severe acute malnutrition in young children from 6 months to 5 years old has greatly improved survival through the ability to treat large numbers of malnourished children in the community setting rather than at health facilities during emergencies. This success has led to a surge in demand for RUTF in low income countries that are frequently food insecure due to environmental factors such as cyclical drought...
April 11, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395033/relationship-between-shifts-in-food-system-dynamics-and-acceleration-of-the-global-nutrition-transition
#16
Barry M Popkin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2017: Nutrition Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387334/sequential-exposure-to-obesogenic-factors-in-females-rats-from-physiological-changes-to-lipid-metabolism-in-liver-and-mesenteric-adipose-tissue
#17
Marta G Novelle, María J Vázquez, Juan R Peinado, Kátia D Martinello, Miguel López, Simon M Luckman, Manuel Tena-Sempere, María M Malagón, Rubén Nogueiras, Carlos Diéguez
During their lifetime, females are subjected to different nutritional and hormonal factors that could increase the risk of obesity and associated comorbidities. From early postnatal periods until the postmenopausal phase, exposure to over nutrition, high-energy diet and oestrogen deficiency, are considered as significant obesity risk factors in women. In this study, we assessed how key transitional life events and exposure to different nutrition influence energy homeostasis in a rat model. Specifically, we assessed the sequential exposure to postnatal over nutrition, high-fat diet (HFD) after weaning, followed later by ovariectomy (OVX; as a model of menopause)...
April 7, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385380/outcomes-of-bedside-sutureless-umbilical-closure-without-endotracheal-intubation-for-gastroschisis-repair-in-surgical-infants
#18
Gillian E Pet, Rebecca A Stark, John J Meehan, Patrick J Javid
INTRODUCTION: Newborns with gastroschisis have historically undergone surgical repair under general anesthesia. Our institution recently transitioned to the sutureless umbilical closure for gastroschisis. We sought to evaluate the feasibility of bedside gastroschisis repair without endotracheal intubation. METHODS: A retrospective review was performed of neonates with gastroschisis who underwent sutureless umbilical closure from 2011 to 2015. Clinical characteristics and outcomes between groups were compared...
March 24, 2017: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384795/child-and-adolescent-health-from-1990-to-2015-findings-from-the-global-burden-of-diseases-injuries-and-risk-factors-2015-study
#19
Nicholas Kassebaum, Hmwe Hmwe Kyu, Leo Zoeckler, Helen Elizabeth Olsen, Katie Thomas, Christine Pinho, Zulfiqar A Bhutta, Lalit Dandona, Alize Ferrari, Tsegaye Tewelde Ghiwot, Simon I Hay, Yohannes Kinfu, Xiaofeng Liang, Alan Lopez, Deborah Carvalho Malta, Ali H Mokdad, Mohsen Naghavi, George C Patton, Joshua Salomon, Benn Sartorius, Roman Topor-Madry, Stein Emil Vollset, Andrea Werdecker, Harvey A Whiteford, Kalkidan Hasen Abate, Kaja Abbas, Solomon Abreha Damtew, Muktar Beshir Ahmed, Nadia Akseer, Rajaa Al-Raddadi, Mulubirhan Assefa Alemayohu, Khalid Altirkawi, Amanuel Alemu Abajobir, Azmeraw T Amare, Carl A T Antonio, Johan Arnlov, Al Artaman, Hamid Asayesh, Euripide Frinel G Arthur Avokpaho, Ashish Awasthi, Beatriz Paulina Ayala Quintanilla, Umar Bacha, Dimtsu Balem, Aleksandra Barac, Till Winfried Bärnighausen, Estifanos Baye, Neeraj Bedi, Isabela M Bensenor, Adugnaw Berhane, Eduardo Bernabe, Oscar Alberto Bernal, Addisu Shunu Beyene, Sibhatu Biadgilign, Boris Bikbov, Cheryl Anne Boyce, Alexandra Brazinova, Gessessew Bugssa Hailu, Austin Carter, Carlos A Castañeda-Orjuela, Ferrán Catalá-López, Fiona J Charlson, Abdulaal A Chitheer, Jee-Young Jasmine Choi, Liliana G Ciobanu, John Crump, Rakhi Dandona, Robert P Dellavalle, Amare Deribew, Gabrielle deVeber, Daniel Dicker, Balem Balm Betsu, Eric L Ding, Manisha Dubey, Amanuel Yesuf Endries, Holly E Erskine, Emerito Jose Aquino Faraon, Andre Faro, Farshad Farzadfar, Joao C Fernandes, Daniel Obadare Fijabi, Christina Fitzmaurice, Thomas D Fleming, Luisa Sorio Flor, Kyle J Foreman, Richard C Franklin, Maya S Fraser, Joseph J Frostad, Nancy Fullman, Gebremedhin Berhe Gebregergs, Alemseged Aregay Gebru, Johanna M Geleijnse, Katherine B Gibney, Mahari Gidey Yihdego, Ibrahim Abdelmageem Mohamed Ginawi, Melkamu Dedefo Gishu, Tessema Assefa Gizachew, Elizabeth Glaser, Audra L Gold, Ellen Goldberg, Philimon Gona, Atsushi Goto, Harish Chander Gugnani, Guohong Jiang, Rajeev Gupta, Fisaha Haile Tesfay, Graeme J Hankey, Rasmus Havmoeller, Martha Hijar, Masako Horino, H Dean Hosgood, Guoqing Hu, Kathryn H Jacobsen, Mihajlo B Jakovljevic, Sudha P Jayaraman, Vivekanand Jha, Tariku Jibat, Catherine O Johnson, Jost Jonas, Amir Kasaeian, Norito Kawakami, Peter N Keiyoro, Ibrahim Khalil, Young-Ho Khang, Jagdish Khubchandani, Aliasghar A Ahmad Kiadaliri, Christian Kieling, Daniel Kim, Niranjan Kissoon, Luke D Knibbs, Ai Koyanagi, Kristopher J Krohn, Barthelemy Kuate Defo, Burcu Kucuk Bicer, Rachel Kulikoff, G Anil Kumar, Dharmesh Kumar Lal, Hilton Y Lam, Heidi J Larson, Anders Larsson, Dennis Odai Laryea, Janni Leung, Stephen S Lim, Loon-Tzian Lo, Warren D Lo, Katharine J Looker, Paulo A Lotufo, Hassan Magdy Abd, El Razek, Reza Malekzadeh, Desalegn Markos Shifti, Mohsen Mazidi, Peter A Meaney, Kidanu Gebremariam Meles, Peter Memiah, Walter Mendoza, Mubarek Abera Mengistie, Gebremichael Welday Mengistu, George A Mensah, Ted R Miller, Charles Mock, Alireza Mohammadi, Shafiu Mohammed, Lorenzo Monasta, Ulrich Mueller, Chie Nagata, Aliya Naheed, Grant Nguyen, Quyen Le Nguyen, Elaine Nsoesie, In-Hwan Oh, Anselm Okoro, Jacob Olusegun Olusanya, Bolajoko O Olusanya, Alberto Ortiz, Deepak Paudel, David M Pereira, Norberto Perico, Max Petzold, Michael Robert Phillips, Guilherme V Polanczyk, Farshad Pourmalek, Mostafa Qorbani, Anwar Rafay, Vafa Rahimi-Movaghar, Mahfuzar Rahman, Rajesh Kumar Rai, Usha Ram, Zane Rankin, Giuseppe Remuzzi, Andre M N Renzaho, Hirbo Shore Roba, David Rojas-Rueda, Luca Ronfani, Rajesh Sagar, Juan Ramon Sanabria, Muktar Sano Kedir Mohammed, Itamar S Santos, Maheswar Satpathy, Monika Sawhney, Ben Schöttker, David C Schwebel, James G Scott, Sadaf G Sepanlou, Amira Shaheen, Masood Ali Shaikh, June She, Rahman Shiri, Ivy Shiue, Inga Dora Sigfusdottir, Jasvinder Singh, Naris Slipakit, Alison Smith, Chandrashekhar Sreeramareddy, Jeffrey D Stanaway, Dan J Stein, Caitlyn Steiner, Muawiyyah Babale Sufiyan, Soumya Swaminathan, Rafael Tabarés-Seisdedos, Karen M Tabb, Fentaw Tadese, Mohammad Tavakkoli, Bineyam Taye, Stephanie Teeple, Teketo Kassaw Tegegne, Girma Temam Shifa, Adbullah Sulieman Terkawi, Bernadette Thomas, Alan J Thomson, Ruoyan Tobe-Gai, Marcello Tonelli, Bach Xuan Tran, Christopher Troeger, Kingsley N Ukwaja, Olalekan Uthman, Tommi Vasankari, Narayanaswamy Venketasubramanian, Vasiliy Victorovich Vlassov, Elisabete Weiderpass, Robert Weintraub, Solomon Weldemariam Gebrehiwot, Ronny Westerman, Hywel C Williams, Charles D A Wolfe, Rachel Woodbrook, Yuichiro Yano, Naohiro Yonemoto, Seok-Jun Yoon, Mustafa Z Younis, Chuanhua Yu, Maysaa El Sayed Zaki, Elias Asfaw Zegeye, Liesl Joanna Zuhlke, Christopher J L Murray, Theo Vos
Importance: Comprehensive and timely monitoring of disease burden in all age groups, including children and adolescents, is essential for improving population health. Objective: To quantify and describe levels and trends of mortality and nonfatal health outcomes among children and adolescents from 1990 to 2015 to provide a framework for policy discussion. Evidence Review: Cause-specific mortality and nonfatal health outcomes were analyzed for 195 countries and territories by age group, sex, and year from 1990 to 2015 using standardized approaches for data processing and statistical modeling, with subsequent analysis of the findings to describe levels and trends across geography and time among children and adolescents 19 years or younger...
April 3, 2017: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384232/higher-fish-but-lower-micronutrient-intakes-temporal-changes-in-fish-consumption-from-capture-fisheries-and-aquaculture-in-bangladesh
#20
Jessica R Bogard, Sami Farook, Geoffrey C Marks, Jillian Waid, Ben Belton, Masum Ali, Kazi Toufique, Abdulla Mamun, Shakuntala H Thilsted
Malnutrition is one of the biggest challenges of the 21st century, with one in three people in the world malnourished, combined with poor diets being the leading cause of the global burden of disease. Fish is an under-recognised and undervalued source of micronutrients, which could play a more significant role in addressing this global challenge. With rising pressures on capture fisheries, demand is increasingly being met from aquaculture. However, aquaculture systems are designed to maximise productivity, with little consideration for nutritional quality of fish produced...
2017: PloS One
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