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Renal cell carcinoma, kidney, bladder cancer, prostate

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858743/quadruple-primary-urogenital-cancers-a-case-report
#1
Florin-Ioan Elec, Andreea Zaharie, Bogdan-Mihai Ene, Liviu Ghervan
INTRODUCTION: Urogenital cancers are not an uncommon occurrence in daily practice. Prostate cancer is the second most frequent cancer in men, kidney cancer accounts for 2.4% of all cancers and bladder cancers represent 3.1% of cancers in both men and women [1]. However, the cases of a simultaneous development of all three cancers, including one with a neuroendocrine component, are very few and far between. PRESENTATION OF CASE: Our case report involves a case of a patient with prostate adenocarcinoma, clear-cell renal carcinoma, papillary renal carcinoma and small-cell bladder cancer...
2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734596/developments-in-urologic-oncology-%C3%A2-oncoforum%C3%A2-the-best-of-2016
#2
F Gómez-Veiga, A Alcaraz-Asensio, J Burgos-Revilla, J M Cózar-Olmo
OBJECTIVE: To put forth new findings of urologic oncology with impact on clinical practice presented during 2016 in the main annual meetings. ACQUISITION OF EVIDENCE: This document reviews abstracts on prostate, kidney and bladder cancer presented at the congresses of 2016 (EAU, AUA, ASCO, ESMO and ASTRO) and publications with the highest impact in this period valued with the highest scores by the OncoForum committee. SYNTHESIS OF EVIDENCE: In High-Risk Renal-Cell carcinoma after nephrectomy, disease-free survival was significantly greater for sunitinib than placebo group, with adverse events more frequents...
November 2017: Actas Urologicas Españolas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454301/immunohistochemical-profile-of-ing3-protein-in-normal-and-cancerous-tissues
#3
Wen-Feng Gou, Xue-Feng Yang, Dao-Fu Shen, Shuang Zhao, Hong-Zhi Sun, Jun-Sheng Luo, Hua-Chuan Zheng
The inhibitor of growth family, member 3 (ING3) protein may be capable of blocking the cell cycle via activating p53-transactivated promoters of p21 and Bcl2-associated X protein, and may induce apoptosis via a Fas/caspase-8-dependent signaling pathway. In the present study, immunohistochemistry was performed in order to characterize the expression profile of ING3 protein in tissue microarrays containing mouse and human normal tissue, human hepatocellular (n=62), renal clear cell (n=62), pancreatic (n=62), esophageal squamous cell (n=45), cervical squamous cell (n=31), breast (n=144), gastric (n=196), colorectal (n=96), ovarian (n=208), endometrial (n=96) and lung carcinoma (n=192)...
March 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329636/correlation-between-cancer-incidences-and-google-searches-in-the-united-states
#4
Mackenzie R Wehner, Kevin T Nead, Eleni Linos
IntroductionDespite being highly prevalent, keratinocyte carcinomas (basal cell and squamous cell carcinomas lack nationwide registries. Internet search data has emerged as a new method to evaluate previously difficult to quantify public health outcomes and may be useful in keratinocyte carcinoma research.ObjectiveWe aimed to evaluate whether Google search density correlated with known incidences of common cancers in the United States.MethodsWe used the Center for Disease Control's National Program of Cancer Registries ageTadjusted cancer incidences (2008T2012 ...
September 15, 2016: Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314541/risk-of-subsequent-primary-kidney-cancer-after-another-malignancy-a-population-based-study
#5
Omar Abdel-Rahman
BACKGROUND: Population-based data on the development of kidney cancer as a second malignant neoplasm following the diagnosis of other common malignancies are rare. This clinical scenario has been evaluated within the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) database. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The SEER-9 database (1973-2013) was queried using the SEER*Stat program to determine the standardized incidence ratios (SIRs) of kidney cancer development following each one of 10 common invasive malignancies (colorectal, breast, prostate, lung, thyroid, corpus uteri, urinary bladder, kidney/renal pelvis, cutaneous melanoma, and non-Hodgkin lymphoma)...
February 27, 2017: Clinical Genitourinary Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110463/biomarkers-of-renal-tumors-the-current-state-and-clinical-perspectives
#6
REVIEW
Marina O Golovastova, Dmitry O Korolev, Larisa V Tsoy, Vladimir A Varshavsky, Wan-Hai Xu, Andrey Z Vinarov, Evgeni Yu Zernii, Pavel P Philippov, Andrey A Zamyatnin
Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) ranks the first death rate among the urogenital tumors, whereas its incidence follows the incidences of prostate and bladder cancer. The diagnosis of RCC at early stages allows immediately undertaking appropriate treatment, which significantly increases patients' survival rate. Early and accurate diagnosis avoids inadequate treatment, provides the disease progression forecast, and permits to apply more efficient therapy. Unfortunately, the small renal tumors are usually asymptomatic resulting in the late diagnosis and, therefore, low efficacy of treatment...
January 2017: Current Urology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052685/occurrence-of-malignancies-after-kidney-transplantation-in-adults-slovak-multicenter-experience
#7
Z Zilinska, M Sersenova, M Chrastina, J Breza, L Bena, T Baltesova, A Jurcina, R Roland, E Lackova, M Cellar, L Laca, I Dedinska
Malignancies are one of the three major causes of renal recipient´s death with a functioning graft after cardiovascular diseases and infections. Among the variety of risk factors, including conventional and specific to transplant recipients, the duration of immunosuppressive therapy, the intensity of therapy, and the type of immunosuppressive agent all have an impact on development of post-transplant malignancy. The aim of our retrospective study was to document the incidence, the type of malignancies, the patient/graft survival in the group of kidney transplant recipients in Slovak Republic, and to identify the factors which influenced the outcome...
2017: Neoplasma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891445/breast-cancer-with-synchronous-renal-cell-carcinoma-a-rare-presentation
#8
Ravi Arjunan, Durgesh Kumar, K V Veerendra Kumar, C S Premlatha
Primary cancer arising from multiple organs is a well known fact. Synchronous tumours have been most commonly associated with kidney cancer. Bladder, prostate, colorectal and lung cancer are the most common synchronous primaries with Renal Cell Carcinoma (RCC) identified till date. We found metachronous tumours of breast with RCC in literature search which included both metastatic tumours as well second primaries. Overall, 25 cases of metastatic breast tumours and eight cases of second primary in previously treated RCC have been reported in the literature...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27819754/urological-cancer-related-to-familial-syndromes
#9
REVIEW
Walter Henriques da Costa, George Jabboure, Isabela Werneck da Cunha
Cancer related to hereditary syndromes corresponds to approximately 5-10% of all tumors. Among those from the genitourinary system, many tumors had been identified to be related to genetic syndromes in the last years with the advent of new molecular genetic tests. New entities were described or better characterized, especially in kidney cancer such as hereditary leiomyomatosis renal cell carcinoma (HLRCC), succinate dehydrogenase kidney cancer (SDH-RCC), and more recently BAP1 germline mutation related RCC...
March 2017: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27695045/tumor-specific-epigenetic-silencing-of-corticotropin-releasing-hormone-binding-protein-in-renal-cell-carcinoma-association-of-hypermethylation-and-metastasis
#10
Hossein Tezval, Natalia Dubrowinskaja, Inga Peters, Christel Reese, Katrin Serth, Faranaz Atschekzei, Jörg Hennenlotter, Arnulf Stenzl, Markus A Kuczyk, Jürgen Serth
The relevance of Corticotropin Releasing Hormone (CRH)-system in human malignancies is a question of growing interest. Here we investigated hypermethylation and epigenetic silencing of the CRH-Binding Protein (CRHBP) gene in clear cell renal cell cancer (ccRCC). Relative methylation of the CRHBP CpG island (CGI) was determined in 17 tumor cell lines as well as 86 ccRCC samples and 66 paired normal tissues using pyrosequencing and quantitative methylation specific PCR of bisulfite converted DNA. Results were statistically compared with relative mRNA expression levels of CRHBP and clinicopathological parameters of patients...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27398803/independent-pre-transplant-recipient-cancer-risk-factors-after-kidney-transplantation-and-the-utility-of-g-chart-analysis-for-clinical-process-control
#11
Harald Schrem, Valentin Schneider, Marlene Kurok, Alon Goldis, Maren Dreier, Alexander Kaltenborn, Wilfried Gwinner, Marc Barthold, Jan Liebeneiner, Markus Winny, Jürgen Klempnauer, Moritz Kleine
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study is to identify independent pre-transplant cancer risk factors after kidney transplantation and to assess the utility of G-chart analysis for clinical process control. This may contribute to the improvement of cancer surveillance processes in individual transplant centers. PATIENTS AND METHODS: 1655 patients after kidney transplantation at our institution with a total of 9,425 person-years of follow-up were compared retrospectively to the general German population using site-specific standardized-incidence-ratios (SIRs) of observed malignancies...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27049022/urologic-cancer-in-china
#12
REVIEW
Cheng Pang, Youyan Guan, Hongbo Li, Wanqing Chen, Gang Zhu
Cancer remains to be the second most common cause of death, and its incidence and mortality rates are increasing in China. According to the 2015 National Central Cancer Registry (NCCR) of China, the incidence of bladder cancer and prostate cancer ranked sixth and seventh, respectively, in male cancers. The majority of prostate cancer patients were diagnosed at an advanced stage. Early diagnosis of prostate cancer is the key to improve prostate cancer survival in China. Radical prostatectomy or radical radiotherapy is the main treatment for localized prostate cancer, and a comprehensive therapy based on androgen deprivation therapy is the treatment for advanced disease...
June 2016: Japanese Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26843415/does-solitary-and-organ-confined-metastasectomy-really-improve-survival-in-advanced-urologic-malignancies
#13
REVIEW
Senol Tonyali, Sertac Yazici
The role of metastasectomy on survival in advanced/urologic malignancies still remains unclear. Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is the most common solid tumor within the kidney. 25-30 % of patients have metastases at manifestation. Urothelial carcinoma (UC) consists of bladder carcinoma, upper urinary tract urothelial cell carcinoma and urethral carcinoma. Bladder cancer is the ninth most common cancer worldwide. Half of patients with muscle invasive bladder cancer have lymph node or distant metastases. In metastatic disease first-line treatment is multi-agent platinum-based systemic chemotherapy...
May 2016: International Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26615524/polyomavirus-large-t-antigen-is-prevalent-in-urothelial-carcinoma-post-kidney-transplant
#14
Ling Yan, Mohamed E Salama, Christian Lanciault, Linh Matsumura, Megan L Troxell
Viral pathogens have been associated with both infectious disease and neoplasia in transplant recipients. Polyomavirus is emerging as a potential causative agent for genitourinary tract cancer in post-kidney transplant patients. Human papillomavirus (HPV) has a proven role in squamous cancers, but has not been studied in genitourinary malignancies in transplantation. Of 2345 kidney transplants performed at our center over the past 20 years, we identified 16 patients with 20 genitourinary cancers (0.7%), including 13 bladder/ureter carcinomas, 5 renal cell carcinomas (RCCs), and 2 prostate carcinomas...
February 2016: Human Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26355159/urologic-cancer-in-thailand
#15
REVIEW
Bannakij Lojanapiwat
Cancer is a major health burden among non-communicable diseases, which has had a high impact on the healthcare system in Thailand. Based on GLOBOCAN, the prevalence of urologic cancer is increasing in Thailand. Prostate, bladder and kidney cancers are 6th, 15th and 22nd most common cancers, respectively, in both males and females. Prostate cancer is the fourth most common cancer in male. Cancer in the lower socioeconomic groups is a challenging problem due to greater exposure to the risk factors and more limited access to the healthcare service...
November 2015: Japanese Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26257975/sarcomatoid-renal-cell-carcinoma-metastasis-to-the-penis
#16
Victor D Liou, Oussama M Darwish, Mary M Henry, Ik C Jun, Sameer A Siddiqui
Secondary cancers of the penis are extremely uncommon with less than 300 cases reported in the past 100 years. These cancers are most frequently a result of an aggressive or poorly managed primary prostate or bladder cancer and rarely a metastasis from a primary kidney tumor. Currently, there is no published literature which describes the spread of sarcomatoid renal cell carcinoma (SRCC) to the penis. In this report, we present a 55-year-old-man who presented with a large right-sided SRCC which metastasized to the base of his penis within 1 month of symptom onset...
2015: Case Reports in Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26251734/the-role-of-epigenetics-in-kidney-malignancies
#17
REVIEW
Alfredo Harb-De la Rosa, Matthew Acker, Sanjaya Swain, Murugesan Manoharan
INTRODUCTION: Renal cell carcinomas (RCC) are collectively the third most common type of genitourinary neoplasms, surpassed only by prostate and bladder cancer. Cure rates for renal cell carcinoma are related to tumor grade and stage; therefore, diagnostic methods for early detection and new therapeutic modalities are of paramount importance. Epigenetics can be defined as inherited modifications in gene expression that are not encoded in the DNA sequence itself. Epigenetics may play an important role in the pursuit of early diagnosis, accurate prognostication and identification of new therapeutic targets...
2015: Central European Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26085688/urologic-cancer-in-indonesia
#18
REVIEW
Rainy Umbas, Ferry Safriadi, Chaidir A Mochtar, Wahjoe Djatisoesanto, Agus Rizal A H Hamid
Non-communicable diseases, including cancer, start to become more common in Indonesia. According to the government statement, incidence of malignant diseases increased annually up to 8% in the last decade and these diseases become the seventh leading cause of death in Indonesia. On the basis of the latest Globocan report on cancer incidence in Indonesia, prostate cancer ranks sixth; followed by bladder (12th) and kidney (18th). More than half of patients with kidney cancer are diagnosed in the advanced stage...
August 2015: Japanese Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25804448/pecomas-of-the-kidney-and-of-the-genitourinary-tract
#19
REVIEW
Guido Martignoni, Maurizio Pea, Claudia Zampini, Matteo Brunelli, Diego Segala, Giuseppe Zamboni, Franco Bonetti
PEComas are mesenchymal tumors composed of histologically and immunohistochemically distinctive perivascular epithelioid cells that are characterized by the coexpression of muscle and melanogenetic markers. This group of lesions includes angiomyolipoma, clear cell "sugar" tumor of the lung and extrapulmonary sites, lymphangioleiomyomatosis, clear cell myomelanocytic tumor of the falciform ligament/ligamentum teres, and rare clear cell tumors of other anatomical sites. In the genitourinary tract, PEComas have been described in the kidney, bladder, prostate, testis, and urethra...
March 2015: Seminars in Diagnostic Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25600760/effect-of-perioperative-blood-transfusion-on-mortality-for-major-urologic-malignancies
#20
Ayman Soubra, Joseph R Zabell, Oluwakayode Adejoro, Badrinath R Konety
INTRODUCTION: Patients who undergo surgical treatment for malignancy often receive perioperative blood transfusion (PBT). We examined the association between PBT and mortality in patients who received surgical treatment of prostate, bladder, and kidney cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Using the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results-Medicare data set from 1992-2009, we identified 28,854 men with prostate cancer, 5462 patients with bladder cancer, and 14,379 patients with renal cell carcinoma who underwent radical prostatectomy (RP), radical cystectomy (RC), or radical (RN) or partial nephrectomy (PN) as primary therapy...
June 2015: Clinical Genitourinary Cancer
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