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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430566/how-should-physicians-respond-when-patients-distrust-them-because-of-their-gender
#1
Monica Peek, Bernard Lo, Alicia Fernandez
There are many reasons why gender-concordant care benefits patients and is requested by them. For training hospitals, however, such requests present challenges as well as opportunities in providing patient-centered care. Responding to a case in which a female patient who is having a routine exam refuses care from a male medical student, we discuss ethical principles involved in gender-concordant care requests, when it is appropriate to question such requests, and a team-based approach to responding to them.
April 1, 2017: AMA Journal of Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430088/informatics-for-health-2017-advancing-both-science-and-practice
#2
Philip J Scott, Ronald Cornet, Colin McCowan, Niels Peek, Paolo Fraccaro, Nophar Geifman, Wouter T Gude, William Hulme, Glen P Martin, Richard Williams
INTRODUCTION: The Informatics for Health congress, 24-26 April 2017, in Manchester, UK, brought together the Medical Informatics Europe (MIE) conference and the Farr Institute International Conference. This special issue of the Journal of Innovation in Health Informatics contains 113 presentation abstracts and 149 poster abstracts from the congress. DISCUSSION: The twin programmes of "Big Data" and "Digital Health" are not always joined up by coherent policy and investment priorities...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Innovation in Health Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428411/a-nonlinear-peek-into-electronic-symmetry
#3
EDITORIAL
Jelena Stajic
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 21, 2017: Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426827/correction-helicobacter-pylori-bab-paralog-distribution-and-association-with-caga-vaca-and-homa-b-genotypes-in-american-and-south-korean-clinical-isolates
#4
Aeryun Kim, Stephanie L Servetas, Jieun Kang, Jinmoon Kim, Sungil Jang, Ho Jin Cha, Wan Jin Lee, June Kim, Judith Romero-Gallo, Richard M Peek, D Scott Merrell, Jeong-Heon Cha
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0137078.].
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425729/some-properties-of-p-curves-with-an-application-to-gradual-publication-bias
#5
Rolf Ulrich, Jeff Miller
p-curves provide a useful window for peeking into the file drawer in a way that might reveal p-hacking (Simonsohn, Nelson, & Simmons, 2014a). The properties of p-curves are commonly investigated by computer simulations. On the basis of these simulations, it has been proposed that the skewness of this curve can be used as a diagnostic tool to decide whether the significant p values within a certain domain of research suggest the presence of p-hacking or actually demonstrate that there is a true effect. Here we introduce a rigorous mathematical approach that allows the properties of p-curves to be examined without simulations...
April 20, 2017: Psychological Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425470/graphene-oxide-as-an-interface-phase-between-polyetheretherketone-and-hydroxyapatite-for-tissue-engineering-scaffolds
#6
Shuping Peng, Pei Feng, Ping Wu, Wei Huang, Youwen Yang, Wang Guo, Chengde Gao, Cijun Shuai
The poor bonding strength between biopolymer and bioceramic has remained an unsolved issue. In this study, graphene oxide (GO) was introduced as an interface phase to improve the interfacial bonding between polyetheretherketone (PEEK) and hydroxyapatite (HAP) for tissue engineering scaffolds. On the one hand, the conjugated structure of GO could form strong π-π stacking interaction with the benzene rings in PEEK. On the other hand, GO with a negatively charge resulting from oxygen functional groups could adsorb the positively charged calcium atoms (C sites) of HAP...
April 20, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418412/-the-family-s-influence-on-the-oral-health-of-children-a-peek-behind-the-front-door
#7
D Duijster, C van Loveren
The prevention of dental caries seems fairly easy. The disease can largely be avoided by the daily removal of dental plaque using fluoride toothpaste and the control of sugary intakes. Most parents have sufficient knowledge and motivation to adhere to this prevention advice with respect to their children. Actual practice, however, proves quite difficult because parents experience barriers in implementing the advice. This article provides an overview of the most important family-related factors that influence children's oral health behaviour and dental caries experience...
April 2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Tandheelkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415528/improved-biotribological-properties-of-peek-by-photo-induced-graft-polymerization-of-acrylic-acid
#8
Xiaoduo Zhao, Dangsheng Xiong, Kun Wang, Nan Wang
The keys of biomaterials application in artificial joints are good hydrophilicity and wear resistance. One kind of the potential bio-implant materials is polyetheretherketone (PEEK), which has some excellent properties such as non-toxic and good biocompatibility. However, its bioinert surface and inherent chemical inertness hinder its application. In this study, we reported an efficient method for improving the surface wettability and wear resistance for PEEK, a layer of acrylic acid (AA) polymer brushes on PEEK surface was prepared by UV-initiated graft polymerization...
June 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408665/draft-genome-sequences-of-13-colombian-helicobacter-pylori-strains-isolated-from-pacific-coast-and-andean-residents
#9
Alvaro Pazos, Nuri Kodaman, M Blanca Piazuelo, Judith Romero-Gallo, Rafal S Sobota, Dawn A Israel, Luis E Bravo, Douglas R Morgan, Keith T Wilson, Pelayo Correa, Richard M Peek, Scott M Williams, Barbara G Schneider
We present here the draft genomes of 13 Helicobacter pylori strains isolated from Colombian residents on the Pacific coast (n = 6) and in the Andes mountains (n = 7), locations that differ in gastric cancer risk. These 13 strains were obtained from individuals with diagnosed gastric lesions.
April 13, 2017: Genome Announcements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408082/injury-factors-associated-with-discharge-status-from-emergency-room-at-two-major-trauma-hospitals-in-the-gambia-africa
#10
REVIEW
Edrisa Sanyang, Corinne Peek-Asa, Paul Bass, Tracy L Young, Abubacarr Jagne, Baba Njie
INTRODUCTION: Injuries are the leading cause of disability across all ages and gender. In this study, we identified predictors of discharge status and disability at discharge among patients who seek emergency room treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was conducted in two major trauma hospitals in urban Gambia. 1905 patients participated in the study. 74.9% were males, and 25.1% were females. The study includes injured patients from all mechanisms. However, patients' records without age, gender, injury mechanism, and deposition from the emergency room were considered incomplete and excluded...
April 5, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407578/a-peek-into-the-drug-development-scenario-of-endometriosis-a-systematic-review
#11
REVIEW
Luxitaa Goenka, Melvin George, Maitrayee Sen
PURPOSE AND OBJECTIVE: Endometriosis is a gynaecological disease that is characterised by the presence of endometrium like tissue-epithelium and stroma that develops outside the uterine cavity, which is responsible for pelvic pain and infertility. Even though several medical therapies exist for the treatment of endometriosis, each of the drug class has its own limitations such as cost of treatment, side-effects and its short-term effect on the symptoms of endometriosis. In this review, we have attempted to summarize the current status and challenges of drug development for endometriosis...
April 10, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397058/clinical-and-biochemical-heterogeneity-between-patients-with-glycogen-storage-disease-type-ia-the-added-value-of-cusum-for-metabolic-control
#12
Fabian Peeks, Thomas A H Steunenberg, Foekje de Boer, M Estela Rubio-Gozalbo, Monique Williams, Rob Burghard, Fabienne Rajas, Maaike H Oosterveer, David A Weinstein, Terry G J Derks
OBJECTIVE: To study heterogeneity between patients with glycogen storage disease type Ia (GSD Ia), a rare inherited disorder of carbohydrate metabolism caused by the deficiency of glucose-6-phosphatase (G6Pase). STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive retrospective study of longitudinal clinical and biochemical data and long-term complications in 20 GSD Ia patients. We included 11 patients with homozygous G6PC mutations and siblings from four families carrying identical G6PC genotypes...
April 10, 2017: Journal of Inherited Metabolic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397005/sneaking-a-peek-pigeons-use-peripheral-vision-not-mirrors-to-find-hidden-food
#13
Emre Ünver, Alexis Garland, Sepideh Tabrik, Onur Güntürkün
A small number of species are capable of recognizing themselves in the mirror when tested with the mark-and-mirror test. This ability is often seen as evidence of self-recognition and possibly even self-awareness. Strangely, a number of species, for example monkeys, pigs and dogs, are unable to pass the mark test but can locate rewarding objects by using the reflective properties of a mirror. Thus, these species seem to understand how a visual reflection functions but cannot apply it to their own image. We tested this discrepancy in pigeons-a species that does not spontaneously pass the mark test...
April 10, 2017: Animal Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390741/treatment-options-for-the-closure-of-secundum-atrial-septal-defects-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
Pedro A Villablanca, David A Briston, Josep Rodés-Cabau, David F Briceno, Gaurav Rao, Mohammed Aljoudi, Aman M Shah, Divyanshu Mohananey, Tanush Gupta, Mohammed Makkiya, Harish Ramakrishna, Mario J Garcia, Robert H Pass, Giles Peek, Ali N Zaidi
BACKGROUND: Secundum atrial septal defects (ASDs) are treated by surgical closure (SC) or transcatheter device closure (TCC). Due to a scarcity of data directly comparing these approaches, it remains unclear which is superior. This meta-analysis compares the clinical outcomes of the two treatment options. METHODS: A literature search was performed in MEDLINE, Embase, PubMed, Google Search, and Cochrane databases for studies directly comparing SC and TCC of ASDs...
March 24, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390677/calibrated-flux-measurements-reveal-a-nanostructure-stimulated-transcytotic-pathway
#15
Tarianna Stewart, William T Koval, Samuel A Molina, Suzanne M Bock, James W Lillard, Russell F Ross, Tejal A Desai, Michael Koval
Transport of therapeutic agents across epithelial barriers is an important element in drug delivery. Transepithelial flux is widely used as a measure of transit across an epithelium, however it is most typically employed as a relative as opposed to absolute measure of molecular movement. Here, we have used the calcium switch approach to measure the maximum rate of paracellular flux through unencumbered intercellular junctions as a method to calibrate the flux rates for a series of tracers ranging in 0.6-900kDa in size across barriers composed of human colon epithelial (Caco-2) cells...
April 5, 2017: Experimental Cell Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388923/effectiveness-of-a-novel-mobile-health-education-intervention-peek-on-spectacle-wear-among-children-in-india-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
Priya Morjaria, Andrew Bastawrous, Gudlavalleti Venkata Satyanarayana Murthy, Jennifer Evans, Clare Gilbert
BACKGROUND: Uncorrected refractive errors are the commonest cause of visual loss in children despite spectacle correction being highly cost-effective. Many affected children do not benefit from correction as a high proportion do not wear their spectacles. Reasons for non-wear include parental attitudes, overprescribing and children being teased/bullied. Most school programmes do not provide health education for affected children, their peers, teachers or parents. The Portable Eye Examination Kit (Peek) will be used in this study...
April 8, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382392/porous-silicon-nitride-spacers-versus-peek-cages-for-anterior-cervical-discectomy-and-fusion-clinical-and-radiological-results-of-a-single-blinded-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
Mark P Arts, Jasper F C Wolfs, Terry P Corbin
PURPOSE: Anterior cervical discectomy with fusion is a common procedure for treating radicular arm pain. Polyetheretherketone (PEEK) plastic is a frequently used material in cages for interbody fusion. Silicon nitride is a new alternative with desirable bone compatibility and imaging characteristics. The aim of the present study is to compare silicon nitride implants with PEEK cages filled with autograft harvested from osteophytes. METHODS: The study is a prospective, randomized, blinded study of 100 patients with 2 years follow-up...
April 5, 2017: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377862/arthrodesis-rate-and-patient-reported-outcomes-after-anterior-lumbar-interbody-fusion-utilizing-a-plasma-sprayed-titanium-coated-peek-interbody-implant-a-retrospective-observational-analysis
#18
Joseph A Sclafani, Sophea R Bergen, Miranda Staples, Kevin Liang, Ramin Raiszadeh
BACKGROUND: Anterior lumbar interbody fusion (ALIF) is utilized in symptomatic spinal disc destabilization due to degenerative lumbar disc disease, isthmic and degenerative spondylolisthesis, internal disc disruption, or pseudarthrosis after non-operative treatments fail. The addition of a plasma-sprayed titanium coating (PTC) to polyether ether ketone spacers (PEEK) may reduce the rate of implant subsidence or non-union secondary to poor osseous-integration of non-coated PEEK or metal interbody systems...
2017: International Journal of Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377284/outcomes-following-polyetheretherketone-peek-cranioplasty-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
REVIEW
Maria Punchak, Lawrance K Chung, Carlito Lagman, Timothy T Bui, Jorge Lazareff, Kameron Rezzadeh, Reza Jarrahy, Isaac Yang
Polyetheretherketone (PEEK) has been used in cranioplasty since the early 2000s. However, there remains limited data that compares its long-term complication rate to autologous grafts and titanium mesh implants. To compare complication and implant failure rates after PEEK, autologous and titanium mesh cranioplasties, the authors of this study conducted a systematic review using the PubMed database. Studies that contained outcome data on complication rates of PEEK cranioplasty patients and studies that compared outcomes of patients who underwent PEEK cranioplasties versus other materials were included in the meta-analysis...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28373169/telomere-length-and-neighborhood-circumstances-evaluating-biological-response-to-unfavorable-exposures
#20
EDITORIAL
Shannon M Lynch, Nandita Mitra, Krithika Ravichandran, Jonathan Mitchell, Elaine Spangler, Wenting Zhou, Electra D Paskett, Sarah Gehlert, Cecilia DeGraffinreid, Raymond Stowe, Tamara Dubowitz, Harold Riethman, Charles C Branas, M K Peek, Timothy R Rebbeck
Background: Multilevel frameworks suggest neighborhood circumstances influence biology; however, this relationship is not well studied. Telomere length (TL) shortening has been associated with individual-level and neighborhood-level exposures and disease and may provide insights into underlying biologic mechanisms linking neighborhood with biology. To support neighborhood-biology investigations, we sought to determine the independent effect of neighborhood exposures on TL using standard multilevel linear regression models and quantile regression, a nonlinear, social science method applicable for testing the biologic hypothesis that extremes of the TL distribution are related to poor outcomes...
April 2017: Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
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