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Autoimunne disease

Ryo Hatano, Kaori Akiyama, Atsushi Tamura, Shigekuni Hosogi, Yoshinori Marunaka, Michael J Caplan, Yoshiyuki Ueno, Sachiko Tsukita, Shinji Asano
UNLABELLED: Cholangiopathies share common features, including bile duct proliferation, periportal fibrosis, and intrahepatic cholestasis. Damage of biliary epithelium by autoimunne disorder, virus infection, toxic compounds, and developmental abnormalities causes severe progressive hepatic disorders responsible for high mortality. However, the etiologies of these cholestatic diseases remain unclear because useful models to study the pathogenic mechanisms are not available. In the present study, we have found that ezrin knockdown (Vil2(kd/kd) ) mice develop severe intrahepatic cholestasis characterized by extensive bile duct proliferation, periductular fibrosis, and intrahepatic bile acid accumulation without developmental defects of bile duct morphology and infiltration of inflammatory cells...
May 2015: Hepatology: Official Journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
L Vítek
Oxidative stress contributes importantly to pathogenesis of numerous civilization diseases, including cardiovascular diseases, cancer, as well as autoimmune and neurodegenerative conditions. Bilirubin is the major product of the heme catabolic pathway in the intravascular compartment. For long time, bilirubin was considered to be only a waste product, however, recent data from the last 2 decades have proved its important antioxidant properties, which contributes to defense against increased oxidative stress...
July 2013: Vnitr̆ní Lékar̆ství
M Plachý, J Spác, M Soucek, O Hlinomaz, V Feitová
Chronic constrictive pericarditis (CP) is a disorder affecting pericardium, that becomes inelastic, rigid and restricts filling of the ventricles. Most commonly CP evolves after acute pericarditis, typical is a long-lasting asymptomatic phase with development of right heart failure and low systemic output. The case report refers CP, which developed in 33 years old patient in a short period after acute idiopatic pericarditis. The patient suffered from severe congestive heart failure with oedema and pleural effusion...
February 2010: Vnitr̆ní Lékar̆ství
P Dite, J Trna, I Novotny
Since Sarles et al. in 1961 reported a particular type of pancreatitis with hypergammaglobulinemia, many investigators have suggested that an autoimmune mechanism may be involved in some patients with pancreatitis. Recently, the concept of autoimmune pancreatitis (AIP) has been proposed in which several unique clinical, biochemical and imaging signs have been shown. In the TIGARO risk factor classification system of chronic pancreatitis proposed in 2001, autoimmunity was categorized as one of six of the risk factors...
December 2008: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica
V Zamrazil
Subclinical thyroids disease (STD) is recently defined term in clinical thyroidology, which includes mainly functional disorders. Basic diagnostic signs are: normal values of thyroid hormones (fT4, fT3) and elevated TSH level (subclinical hypothyroidism) or suppresed TSH level (subclinical hyperthyroidism). In a category of STD may be included subclinical autoimunne thyroiditis (elevated level of thyroid antigens antibodies and/or hypoechogenity in sonographic screen, increased volume of the thyroid without clinical symptoms and/or autoimminity) and microscopic lesions of papillary thyroid carcinoma...
July 2007: Vnitr̆ní Lékar̆ství
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