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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099486/do-thai-physicians-recommend-seasonal-influenza-vaccines-to-pregnant-women-a-cross-sectional-survey-of-physicians-perspectives-and-practices-in-thailand
#1
Prabda Praphasiri, Darunee Ditsungneon, Adena Greenbaum, Fatimah S Dawood, Pornsak Yoocharoen, Deborah M Stone, Sonja J Olsen, Kim A Lindblade, Charung Muangchana
BACKGROUND: Physicians play a major role in influencing acceptance and uptake of vaccines. However, little is known about physicians' perspectives on influenza vaccination of pregnant women in Thailand, for whom vaccine coverage is estimated at <1%. METHOD: In 2013, a self-administered questionnaire on physicians' perceptions, attitudes and practices related to influenza vaccination for pregnant women was distributed to 1,134 hospitals with an antenatal care clinic (ANC) in Thailand...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088966/-delayed-hematologic-response-to-immunosuppressive-therapy-in-severe-aplastic-anemia
#2
Y Yang, W R Yang, Z J Wu, X Zhao, L Zhang, L P Jing, K Zhou, Y Li, G X Peng, Y Li, J P Li, L Song, L Ye, H H Fan, F K Zhang
Objective: To explore the characteristics of delayed hematologic response in very/severe aplastic anemia (V/SAA) patients who were treated with immunosuppressive treatment (IST) as first-line approach, and investigate the rationality of early salvage treatment in refractory patients. Methods: The data of V/SAA patients front-line treated with IST were retrospectively analyzed. Delayed response was defined as acquiring hematologic response between 6 and 12 months after 1 course of IST. The clinical as well as hematologic characteristics of the delayed responded patients were investigated...
December 14, 2016: Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Xueyexue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086970/trends-determinants-and-inequities-of-4-anc-utilisation-in-bangladesh
#3
Aminur Rahman, Monjura Khatun Nisha, Tahmina Begum, Sayem Ahmed, Nurul Alam, Iqbal Anwar
BACKGROUND: The objectives of this study are to document the trend on utilisation of four or more (4(+)) antenatal care (ANC) over the last 22 years period and to explore the determinants and inequity of 4(+) ANC utilisation as reported by the last two Bangladesh Demographic and Health surveys (BDHS) (2011 and 2014). METHODS: The data related to ANC have been extracted from the BDHS data set which is available online as an open source. STATA 13 software was used for organising and analysing the data...
January 13, 2017: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061830/age-nutrition-chirugie-anc-study-impact-of-a-geriatric-intervention-on-the-screening-and-management-of-undernutrition-in-elderly-patients-operated-on-for-colon-cancer-a-stepped-wedge-controlled-trial
#4
Marine Dupuis, Elisabetta Kuczewski, Laurent Villeneuve, Sylvie Bin-Dorel, Max Haine, Claire Falandry, Thomas Gilbert, Guillaume Passot, Olivier Glehen, Marc Bonnefoy
BACKGROUND: Undernutrition prior to major abdominal surgery is frequent and increases morbidity and mortality, especially in older patients. The management of undernutrition reduces postoperative complications. Nutritional management should be a priority in patient care during the preoperative period. However undernutrition is rarely detected and the guidelines are infrequently followed. Preoperative undernutrition screening should allow a better implementation of the guidelines. METHODS/DESIGN: The ANC ("Age Nutrition Chirurgie") study is an interventional, comparative, prospective, multicenter, randomized protocol based on the stepped wedge trial design...
January 7, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056941/neutrophil-lymphocyte-ratio-as-a-predictive-biomarker-for-response-to-high-dose-interleukin-2-in-patients-with-renal-cell-carcinoma
#5
James A Kuzman, David D Stenehjem, Joseph Merriman, Archana M Agarwal, Shiven B Patel, Andrew W Hahn, Anitha Alex, Dan Albertson, David M Gill, Neeraj Agarwal
BACKGROUND: Immunotherapy with high-dose interleukin-2 (HD-IL2) results in long-term survival in some metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC) patients but has significant acute toxicities. Biomarkers predicting response to therapy are needed to better select patients most likely to benefit. NLR (absolute neutrophil count (ANC)/absolute lymphocyte count (ALC)) is a prognostic and predicative biomarker in various malignancies. The goal was to determine whether NLR can predict response to HD-IL2 in this setting...
January 5, 2017: BMC Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049339/relocking-of-intrinsic-angular-momenta-in-collisions-of-diatoms-with-ions-capture-of-h2-j-0-1-by-h2
#6
E I Dashevskaya, I Litvin, E E Nikitin, J Troe
Rate coefficients for capture of H2(j = 0,1) by H2(+) are calculated in perturbed rotor approximation, i.e., at collision energies considerably lower than Bhc (where B denotes the rotational constant of H2). The results are compared with the results from an axially nonadiabatic channel (ANC) approach, the latter providing a very good approximation from the low-temperature Bethe-Wigner to the high temperature Langevin limit. The classical ANC approximation performs satisfactorily at temperatures above 0.1 K...
December 28, 2016: Journal of Chemical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040042/multichannel-active-noise-control-for-spatially-sparse-noise-fields
#7
Jihui Zhang, Thushara D Abhayapala, Prasanga N Samarasinghe, Wen Zhang, Shouda Jiang
Multi-channel active noise control (ANC) is currently an attractive solution for the attenuation of low-frequency noise fields, in three-dimensional space. This paper develops a controller for the case when the noise source components are sparsely distributed in space. The anti-noise signals are designed as in conventional ANC to minimize the residual errors but with an additional term containing an ℓl norm regularization applied to the signal magnitude. This results in that only secondary sources close to the noise sources are required to be active for cancellation of sparse noise fields...
December 2016: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28036309/rapid-transmission-of-multidrug-resistant-corynebacterium-striatum-among-susceptible-patients-in-a-tertiary-hospital-in-china
#8
Junrui Wang, Yanyan Wang, Xiaoli Du, Jinghua Cui, Kai Wang, Lipeng Zhang, Yanqiu Han
INTRODUCTION: With increasing reports about Corynebacterium striatum, its potential pathogenicity and clinical significance are drawing more attention in recent years. METHODOLOGY: During a 14-month period, Corynebacterium striatum strains were routinely isolated in lower respiratory tract samples of the inpatients in a tertiary hospital in China, and the suspected isolates were identified with VITEK-2 ANC card and 16S rRNA sequencing technique, respectively. Pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) was employed to discriminate different clones, and biofilm-producing abilities of different strains were compared...
December 30, 2016: Journal of Infection in Developing Countries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28034702/severe-neutropenia-at-the-time-of-implantable-subcutaneous-chest-port-insertion-is-not-a-risk-factor-for-port-removal-at-a-tertiary-pediatric-center
#9
Daniel R Hoss, Antranik A Bedros, Avinash Mesipam, Jared Criddle, Jason C Smith
PURPOSE: To determine if severe neutropenia at the time of chest port insertion is a risk factor for port removal and central catheter-associated bloodstream infection (CCABSI) in pediatric patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From May 2007 to June 2015, 183 consecutive patients (mean age, 9.9 y; range, 0.75-21 y) had a port inserted at a single tertiary pediatric center. Seventy-two had severe neutropenia at the time of port insertion (absolute neutrophil count [ANC] range, 0-500/mm(3); mean, 185/mm(3))...
December 26, 2016: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology: JVIR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032871/debate-multidisciplinar-de-expertos-asma-no-controlada-causas-consecuencias-y-posibles-soluciones
#10
V Plaza Moral, T Carrillo, J Delgado, L M Entrenas, E Martinez Moragón, J M Olaguibel, L Pérez de Llano, M Perpiñá, J Sastre, A Valero, S Quirce
  Fundamento. Numerosos estudios constatan que aproximadamente la mitad de la población asmática no está bien controlada. El objetivo de este trabajo fue analizar entre expertos las causas, consecuencias y las posibles soluciones del asma no controlada (ANC).  Material y métodos. Debate entre expertos en asma de las especialidades de Neumología, Alergología y Atención Primaria, estructurado en tres fases 1) Cuestionario para pulsar la opinión de los participantes en los diferentes elementos implicados del ANC; 2) Reunión presencial de los expertos, en la que se discutieron los resultados de la encuesta y se presentaron y debatieron ponencias sobre el diagnóstico, tratamiento y seguimiento del ANC; 3) Formulación de 83 ítems que fueron sometidos a consenso entre todos los participantes mediante el método Delphi...
November 21, 2016: Anales del Sistema Sanitario de Navarra
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28008284/implementation-of-co-trimoxazole-preventive-therapy-policy-for-malaria-in-hiv-infected-pregnant-women-in-the-public-health-facilities-in-tanzania
#11
Appolinary Ar Kamuhabwa, Richard Gordian, Ritah F Mutagonda
BACKGROUND: In 2011, Tanzania adopted a policy for provision of daily co-trimoxazole prophylaxis to HIV-infected pregnant women for prevention of malaria and other opportunistic infections. As per the policy, HIV-infected pregnant women should not be given sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine (SP) for intermittent preventive therapy. The challenges associated with this policy change and the extent to which the new policy for prevention of malaria in pregnant women coinfected with HIV was implemented need to be assessed...
2016: Drug, Healthcare and Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992563/impact-of-refugees-on-local-health-systems-a-difference-in-differences-analysis-in-cameroon
#12
Lambed Tatah, Tefera Darge Delbiso, Jose Manuel Rodriguez-Llanes, Julita Gil Cuesta, Debarati Guha-Sapir
Hosting refugees may represent a drain on local resources, particularly since external aid is frequently insufficient. Between 2004 and 2011, over 100,000 refugees settled in the eastern border of Cameroon. With little known on how refugee influx affects health services of the hosting community, we investigated the impact of refugees on mother and child health (MCH) services in the host community in Cameroon. We used Cameroon's 2004 and 2011 Demographic and Health Surveys to evaluate changes in MCH indicators in the refugee hosting community...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27981860/determinants-of-maternal-health-care-services-utilization-in-pakistan-evidence-from-pakistan-demographic-and-health-survey-2012-13
#13
Rubeena Zakar, Muhammad Zakria Zakar, Nauman Aqil, Ashraf Chaudhry, Muazzam Nasrullah
The aim of this study was to determine the association between maternal utilisation of health-care services and socio-demographic factors among reproductive-age women in Pakistan. We used the sample of ever-married reproductive-age women (n = 7446) from the Pakistan Demographic and Health Survey (PDHS), 2012-13. We measured maternal utilisation of health-care services by using three dependent variables: number of antenatal care (ANC) visits, delivery assistance by a skilled health provider, and delivery in a health-care facility...
December 16, 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27981447/the-differential-effects-of-an-opt-out-hiv-testing-policy-for-pregnant-women-in-ethiopia-when-accounting-for-stigma-secondary-analysis-of-dhs-data
#14
Michelle R Kaufman, Alyssa Mooney, Lakew Abebe Gebretsadik, Morankar N Sudhakar, Rachel Rieder, Rupali J Limaye, Eshetu Girma, Rajiv N Rimal
Individual factors associated with HIV testing have been studied across multiple populations; however, testing is not just an individual-level phenomenon. This secondary analysis of 2005 and 2011 Ethiopia Demographic and Health Survey data was conducted to determine the extent to which the 2007 institution of an opt-out policy of HIV testing during antenatal care increased testing among women, and whether effects differed by women's stigmatizing beliefs about HIV. A logit model with interaction between pre-/post-policy year and policy exposure (birth in the past year) was used to estimate the increased probability of past-year testing, which may be attributable to the policy...
February 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27966038/gm-csf-treatment-is-not-effective-in-congenital-neutropenia-patients-due-to-its-inability-to-activate-nampt-signaling
#15
Corinna Koch, Bardia Samareh, Tatsuya Morishima, Perihan Mir, Lothar Kanz, Cornelia Zeidler, Julia Skokowa, Karl Welte
Severe congenital neutropenia (CN) is a bone marrow failure syndrome characterized by an absolute neutrophil count (ANC) below 500 cells/μL and recurrent, life-threatening bacterial infections. Treatment with granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) increases the ANC in the majority of CN patients. In contrary, granulocyte-monocyte colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) fails to increase neutrophil numbers in CN patients in vitro and in vivo, suggesting specific defects in signaling pathways downstream of GM-CSF receptor...
December 14, 2016: Annals of Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942098/obstetric-predictors-of-hypertension-a-cross-sectional-study-of-women-attending-the-postnatal-clinic-of-jos-university-teaching-hospital
#16
Hadiza A Agbo, Basil N Okeahialam, Patrick H Daru
BACKGROUND: Hypertensive disease in pregnancy (HDP) accounts for high mother and child morbi-mortality and predict future cardiometabolic diseases. This study aimed to identify obstetric predictors of HDP needing preventive action to reduce its consequences; when women present to antenatal clinic (ANC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cross-sectional descriptive this was an Interviewer-administered semi-structured questionnaire-based study of the anthropometric, and blood pressure measurementsin attendees at the postnatal clinic (PNC) of Jos University with ANC records...
November 2016: Nigerian Medical Journal: Journal of the Nigeria Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27940685/prenatal-iron-deficiency-neonatal-ferritin-and-infant-cognitive-function
#17
Michael O Mireku, Leslie L Davidson, Michael J Boivin, Romeo Zoumenou, Achille Massougbodji, Michel Cot, Florence Bodeau-Livinec
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the impact of prenatal maternal iron deficiency (ID) on cord blood serum ferritin (CBSF) concentration and infant cognitive and motor development. METHODS: Our prospective cohort study included 636 mother-singleton child pairs from 828 eligible pregnant women who were enrolled during their first antenatal care (ANC) visit in Allada, Benin, into a clinical trial comparing the efficacy of mefloquine and sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine. Venous blood samples of women were assessed for ferritin and hemoglobin concentrations at the first and second ANC visits (occurring at least 1-month apart) and at delivery...
December 2016: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27938369/achieving-development-goals-for-hiv-tuberculosis-and-malaria-in-sub-saharan-africa-through-integrated-antenatal-care-barriers-and-challenges
#18
EDITORIAL
Freya J I Fowkes, Bridget L Draper, Margaret Hellard, Mark Stoové
BACKGROUND: The global health community is currently transitioning from the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) to the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Unfortunately, progress towards maternal, newborn and infant health MDGs has lagged significantly behind other key health goals, demanding a renewed global effort in this key health area. The World Health Organization and other institutions heralded integrated antenatal care (ANC) as the best way to address the inter-related health issues of HIV, tuberculosis (TB) and malaria in the high risk groups of pregnant women and infants; integrated ANC services also offer a mechanism to address slow progress towards improved maternal health...
December 12, 2016: BMC Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27934262/long-term-trends-in-acid-neutralizing-capacity-under-increasing-acidic-deposition-a-special-example-of-eutrophic-taihu-lake-china
#19
Tao Yu, Qiujin Xu, Chengda He, Haibing Cong, Dan Dai, Fengchang Wu, Wei Meng
While North America and Europe have been recovering from acidification, China is experiencing impacts of acid deposition. The Taihu region is a seriously impacted area by acid rain in China, with the average rainfall pH < 5. However, the acid neutralizing capacity (ANC) and pH of Taihu Lake have significantly increased over the past 60 years (p < 0.05). Analyses showed that watershed neutralization by carbonates and in-lake alkalinization by algae activities were the two major reactions responsible for the increase...
December 6, 2016: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929757/predisposing-enabling-and-need-factors-associated-with-utilization-of-institutional-delivery-services-a-community-based-cross-sectional-study-in-far-western-nepal
#20
Leila Freidoony, Chhabi Lal Ranabhat, Chun-Bae Kim, Chang-Soo Kim, Dong-Won Ahn, Young Ah Doh
Use of institutional delivery services can be effective in reducing maternal and infant mortality. In Nepal, however, the majority of women deliver at home. Using Andersen's behavioral model of use of health care services, this cross-sectional study aimed to identify factors associated with use of institutional delivery services in four villages and one municipality in Kailali district, Nepal. Mothers (N = 500) who had given birth in the 5 years preceding the survey (conducted between January and February 2015) were randomly selected by cluster sampling and interviewed using a semi-structured questionnaire...
December 8, 2016: Women & Health
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