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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148639/institutional-delivery-services-utilization-by-women-of-childbearing-age-in-south-west-showa-zone-oromia-region
#1
Assefa Seme, Abera Seifu
Introduction: Institutional delivery is very low in Ethiopia, particularly in Oromia where less than one-third of antenatal care attendees utilize the services. This study assessed the magnitude of institutional delivery and associated factors in South West Showa Zone of Oromia. Methods: A cross-sectional community based study was conducted in 2010. A stratified cluster sampling technique used to select study districts, villages and households. Four hundred thirty childbearing women with at least one birth in the past 5 years preceding the survey were interviewed...
January 2017: Ethiopian Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146636/antenatal-care-services-and-its-implications-for-vital-and-health-outcomes-of-children-evidence-from-193-surveys-in-69-low-income-and-middle-income-countries
#2
Jana Kuhnt, Sebastian Vollmer
OBJECTIVES: Antenatal care (ANC) is an essential part of primary healthcare and its provision has expanded worldwide. There is limited evidence of large-scale cross-country studies on the impact of ANC offered to pregnant women on child health outcomes. We investigate the association of ANC in low-income and middle-income countries with short- and long-term mortality and nutritional child outcomes. SETTING: We used nationally representative health and welfare data from 193 Demographic and Health Surveys conducted between 1990 and 2013 from 69 low-income and middle-income countries for women of reproductive age (15-49 years), their children and their respective household...
November 15, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143624/randomized-controlled-pilot-of-a-group-antenatal-care-model-and-the-sociodemographic-factors-associated-with-pregnancy-related-empowerment-in-sub-saharan-africa
#3
Crystal L Patil, Carrie S Klima, Sebalda C Leshabari, Alana D Steffen, Heather Pauls, Molly McGown, Kathleen F Norr
BACKGROUND: The links between empowerment and a number of health-related outcomes in sub-Saharan Africa have been documented, but empowerment related to pregnancy is under-investigated. Antenatal care (ANC) is the entry point into the healthcare system for most women, so it is important to understand how ANC affects aspects of women's sense of control over their pregnancy. We compare pregnancy-related empowerment for women randomly assigned to the standard of care versus CenteringPregnancy-based group ANC (intervention) in two sub-Saharan countries, Malawi and Tanzania...
November 8, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142745/determinants-of-prenatal-anemia-in-ethiopia
#4
Abera Abay, Haile Woldie Yalew, Amare Tariku, Ejigu Gebeye
Background: Anemia is responsible for 20% of maternal mortality worldwide, and it is associated with premature birth, low birth weight, and infant mortality. In Ethiopia, about 22% of pregnant women are anemic. However, literatures are limited, therefore, this study aimed to investigate the prevalence and associated factors of anemia among pregnant women attending antenatal care (ANC) in Asossa Zone Public Health Institutions, northwest Ethiopia. Methods: A facility based cross-sectional study was conducted from February to March 2016...
2017: Archives of Public Health, Archives Belges de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138654/syphilis-and-hiv-infections-among-pregnant-women-attending-antenatal-clinics-in-republic-of-congo
#5
Roch Fabien Niama, Nadia Claricelle Loukabou Bongolo, Edith Sophie Bayonne Kombo, Ruth Yengo, Pembe Issamou Mayengue, Etoka-Beka Mandingha Kosso, Igor Louzolo, Lucette Macosso, Ghislain Dzeret, Angélie Serge Patrick Dzabatou Babeaux, Marie-Francke Puruehnce, Henri Joseph Parra
Introduction: HIV and syphilis during pregnancy remain a public health concern especially in developing countries. Pregnant women attending antenatal clinics sites for the first time between September and December 2011 and who accepted to participate in the study were enrolled. The objective was to estimate the syphilis and HIV infection rate in this population. Methods: A study was conducted in 44 selected ANCs from 12 departments (5 urban and 7 rural). Pregnant women who accepted to participate in the study, attending selected sentinel ANCs sites for the first time between September and December 2011 were enrolled...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138615/factors-associated-with-late-anc-initiation-among-pregnant-women-in-select-public-health-centers-of-addis-ababa-ethiopia-unmatched-case-control-study-design
#6
Kahasse Gebrekidan, Alemayehu Worku
Background: Although Ethiopia has shown remarkable achievements in reducing maternal mortality in the last 10 years, the prevalence of late antenatal care (ANC) initiation is still high in the country. Objective: The primary purpose of this study was to identify the factors related to late ANC initiation among pregnant women in selected public health centers in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Subjects and methods: A total of 402 pregnant women (cases=134, controls=268) were recruited using multistage sampling...
2017: Pragmatic and Observational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133984/are-the-timings-and-risk-factors-changing-survival-analysis-of-timing-of-first-antenatal-care-visit-among-pregnant-women-in-nigeria-2003-2013
#7
Adeniyi Francis Fagbamigbe, Baitshephi Mashabe, Lornah Lepetu, Clearance Abel
Background: Child and maternal mortality and morbidity remain among the top global health challenges despite various efforts and multitude of resources directed to improving this situation over time. This study assessed trend of the timings of first antenatal care (ANC) visit in Nigeria and also identified the risk factors associated with it. Methods: The data obtained from three consecutive Nigerian Demographic and Health Surveys in 2003, 2008, and 2013 were pooled...
2017: International Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131878/association-of-brain-structure-changes-and-cognitive-function-with-combination-antiretroviral-therapy-in-hiv-positive-individuals
#8
Ryan Sanford, Lesley K Fellows, Beau M Ances, D Louis Collins
Importance: Despite the introduction of combination antiretroviral therapy (cART), HIV-associated neurocognitive disorders continue to be a problem for treated HIV-positive individuals. The cause of this impairment remains unclear. Objective: To determine if detectable brain changes occur during a 2-year period in HIV-positive individuals who were aviremic and treated with cART. Design, Setting, and Participants: In this longitudinal case-control study, participants underwent neuroimaging and neuropsychological assessment approximately 2 years apart...
November 13, 2017: JAMA Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123423/high-expression-of-eif3d-is-associated-with-poor-prognosis-in-patients-with-gastric-cancer
#9
Jiaqi He, Xuefei Wang, Jianhua Cai, Wei Wang, Xinyu Qin
Background: Eukaryotic initiation factor 3 subunit d (eIF3d) is the largest subunit of eIF3, which is shown to promote protein synthesis in cancer cells. Increased expression of eIF3d has been shown in some types of cancers, but has not been previously studied in gastric cancer (GC). Thus, the aim of this study was to analyze eIF3d expression in GC. Patients and methods: Expression of eIF3d was detected by immunohistochemistry in GC tissues and adjacent noncancerous (ANC) tissues...
2017: Cancer Management and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116028/prenacel-a-mhealth-messaging-system-to-complement-antenatal-care-a-cluster-randomized-trial
#10
Lívia Oliveira-Ciabati, Carolina Sales Vieira, Ana Carolina Arruda Franzon, Domingos Alves, Fabiani Spessoto Zaratini, Giordana Campos Braga, Jazmin Andrea Cifuentes Sanchez, Lívia Pimenta Bonifácio, Magna Santos Andrade, Mariana Fernandes, Silvana Maria Quintana, Suzi Volpato Fabio, Vicky Nogueira Pileggi, Elisabeth Meloni Vieira, João Paulo Souza
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to determine whether PRENACEL (a bi-directional, mobile-phone based, short text message service (SMS)) increases the coverage of recommended antenatal care (ANC) practices. METHODS: A parallel, cluster-randomized trial in which 20 public primary Health Care Units (PHCUs) were randomly allocated to the intervention (10 PHCUs) or control (10 PHCUs) group. The study population included pregnant women aged 18 or above with a gestational age of 20 weeks or less...
November 7, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115709/safety-of-discharge-for-children-with-cancer-and-febrile-neutropenia-off-antibiotics-using-absolute-neutrophil-count-threshold-values-as-a-surrogate-marker-for-adequate-bone-marrow-recovery
#11
Matthew E Campbell, Debra L Friedman, Daniel E Dulek, Zhiguo Zhao, Yi Huang, Adam J Esbenshade
BACKGROUND: Febrile neutropenia (F&N) is common among pediatric oncology patients. However, there is a lack of clarity regarding parameters whereby such patients have demonstrated adequate bone marrow recovery for hospital discharge and empiric antibiotic discontinuation. PROCEDURE: A retrospective review was performed for 350 episodes of F&N occurring at a single institution between 2007 and 2012 in pediatric oncology patients who were afebrile for 24 hr and had no bacterial source identified...
November 8, 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111962/age-specific-factors-related-to-institutional-delivery-in-nigeria-insights-from-the-2011-multiple-indicators-cluster-survey
#12
Comfort Z Olorunsaiye, Hannah M Degge, Sunday J Lengmang
With 814 maternal deaths per 100,000 live births, maternal mortality remains a significant public health problem in Nigeria. We examined associations between maternal age and institutional delivery among 9,485 women, using data from the 2011 Nigeria Multiple Indicators Cluster Survey. We used multiple logistic regression to identify enabling factors and barriers to institutional delivery. Older maternal age was positively associated with institutional delivery. In age-stratified, adjusted analyses, secondary/higher education and living in wealthy households were consistently associated with increased odds of institutional delivery among the youngest (15-19 years) and the oldest (40-49 years) women...
November 7, 2017: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111908/misuse-of-antenatal-care-and-its-association-with-adverse-outcomes-of-pregnancy-in-a-southern-rural-area-of-vietnam
#13
Thi-Thuy-Dung Ngo, The-Dung Nguyen, Philippe Goyens, Annie Robert
Researchers in Vietnam reported a high percentage of pregnant women attending ANC at least once, but an insufficient utilization of ANC services remains. The evidence demonstrating how the utilization of these services affect pregnancy outcome is not documented in Vietnam. We investigated the association between the misuse of ANC services and pregnancy outcome, and assessed other determinants associated with ANC services utilization. We conducted a prospective community-based study in Trang Bom district, Dong Nai, during 12 consecutive months...
November 7, 2017: Health Care for Women International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099581/anionic-cerium-oxide-nanoparticles-protect-plant-photosynthesis-from-abiotic-stress-by-scavenging-reactive-oxygen-species
#14
Honghong Wu, Nicholas Tito, Juan Pablo Giraldo
Plant abiotic stress leads to accumulation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and a consequent decrease in photosynthetic performance. We demonstrate that a plant nanobionics approach of localizing negatively charged, sub-11 nm, spherical cerium oxide nanoparticles (nanoceria) inside chloroplasts in vivo augments ROS scavenging and photosynthesis of Arabidopsis thaliana plants under excess light (2000 µmol m-2 s-1, 1.5 h), heat (35 °C, 2.5 h), and dark chilling (4 °C, 5 days). Poly (acrylic acid) nanoceria (PNC) with a hydrodynamic diameter (10...
November 3, 2017: ACS Nano
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095536/increased-serum-cortisol-levels-on-oral-food-challenge-in-infants-with-fpies
#15
Masaki Shimomura, Yasunori Ito, Hiroki Tanaka, Takaaki Meguro, Mitsuaki Kimura
BACKGROUND: An increase in absolute neutrophil count (ANC) is seen after an oral food challenge test (OFC) in patients with food protein-induced enterocolitis syndrome (FPIES). Although it has been suggested that interleukin (IL)-8 is involved in this phenomenon, a possible role for cortisol has not yet been studied. METHODS: Six OFCs with positive responses in 5 patients with FPIES due to cows' milk (CM) proteins and 2 OFCs with negative responses in 2 patients suspected of FPIES were analyzed...
November 2, 2017: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29091923/the-impact-of-antenatal-care-iron-folic-acid-supplementation-and-tetanus-toxoid-vaccination-during-pregnancy-on-child-mortality-in-bangladesh
#16
Tanvir Abir, Felix Akpojene Ogbo, Garry John Stevens, Andrew Nicolas Page, Abul Hasnat Milton, Kingsley Emwinyore Agho
BACKGROUND: Appropriate antenatal care (ANC) is an important preventive public health intervention to ensure women's and newborn health outcomes. The study aimed to investigate the impact of ANC, iron-folic acid (IFA) supplementation and tetanus toxoid (TT) vaccination during pregnancy on child mortality in Bangladesh. METHOD: A cross-sectional study of three datasets from the Bangladesh Demographic and Health Surveys for the years 2004, 2007 and 2011 were pooled and used for the analyses...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077204/hepatitis-b-virus-infection-and-associated-risk-factors-among-pregnant-women-attending-antenatal-care-in-health-facilities-of-tigray-northern-ethiopia
#17
Tadele Araya Mezgebo, Selam Niguse, Atsebaha Gebrekidan Kahsay, Haftamu Hailekiros, Nega Berhe, Tsehaye Asmelash Dejene
Hepatitis B virus infection is one of the leading causes of liver disease in the world. This study was conducted to determine the prevalence of HBV infection and associated risk factors among pregnant women in Northern Ethiopia using a cross sectional study design. A total of 328 pregnant women were included in this study. Clinical and socio demographic data of the pregnant women were collected using a structured questionnaire by nurses or midwives during their ANC visit. For the detection of HBsAg, 5 ml of venous blood was collected from the pregnant women; serum was separated in the health facilities from the whole blood and was transported to Tigray Public Health Research Institute for analysis using...
October 27, 2017: Journal of Medical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062335/factors-influencing-women-s-utilization-of-public-health-care-services-during-childbirth-in-malawi-public-health-facility-utilization
#18
Kennedy Machira, Martin Palamuleni
BACKGROUND: Maternal mortality remains a public health challenge claiming many lives at the time of giving birth lives. However, there have been scanty studies investigating factors influencing women's use of public health facilities during childbirth. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to explore the factors associated with women choice of public health facility during childbirth. METHODS: The study used 2010 Malawi Demographic Health Survey dataset and a binary logistics regression analysis to estimate the determinants influencing women's use of public health facilities at the time they give birth...
June 2017: African Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29061598/the-effects-of-a-household-conditional-cash-transfer-programme-on-coverage-and-quality-of-antenatal-care-a-secondary-analysis-of-indonesia-s-pilot-programme
#19
Margaret Triyana, Anuraj H Shankar
OBJECTIVE: To analyse the effectiveness of a household conditional cash transfer programme (CCT) on antenatal care (ANC) coverage reported by women and ANC quality reported by midwives. DESIGN: The CCT was piloted as a cluster randomised control trial in 2007. Intent-to-treat parameters were estimated using linear regression and logistic regression. SETTING: Secondary analysis of the longitudinal CCT impact evaluation survey, conducted in 2007 and 2009...
October 22, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29061534/granulocyte-colony-stimulating-factor-use-after-autologous-peripheral-blood-stem-cell-transplantation-comparison-of-two-practices
#20
Amrita D Singh, Sapna Parmar, Khilna Patel, Shreya Shah, Tsiporah Shore, Usama Gergis, Sebastian Mayer, Adrienne Phillips, Jing-Mei Hsu, Ruben Niesvizky, Tomer M Mark, Roger Pearse, Adriana Rossi, Koen van Besien
Administration of granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) after autologous peripheral blood stem cell transplantation (PBSCT) is generally recommended to reduce the duration of severe neutropenia; however, there is limited and conflicting data regarding the optimal timing of G-CSFs post-transplant. A retrospective study was performed at NewYork-Presbyterian/Weill Cornell Medical Center (NYP/WC) from November 5, 2013 to August 9, 2016 of adult inpatient autologous PBSCT patients who received G-CSF empirically starting on day +5 (early) versus day +12 only if absolute neutrophil count (ANC) was <0...
October 20, 2017: Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation
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