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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903257/what-do-antenatal-care-providers-understand-and-do-about-oral-health-care-during-pregnancy-a-cross-sectional-survey-in-new-south-wales-australia
#1
Ajesh George, Hannah G Dahlen, Jennifer Reath, Shilpi Ajwani, Sameer Bhole, Andrew Korda, Harrison Ng Chok, Charmaine Miranda, Amy Villarosa, Maree Johnson
BACKGROUND: There is mounting evidence to support the lack of awareness among pregnant women about health consequences and long term risks associated with poor oral hygiene during pregnancy. A recognised and important point of influence is their interaction with health professionals, particularly when receiving Antenatal Care. However, there is limited evidence about the perceptions of ANC providers in Australia toward the provision of perinatal oral healthcare. This study was undertaken to explore the knowledge, attitudes and practices of Antenatal Care (ANC) providers in New South Wales (NSW), Australia providing perinatal oral healthcare and to identify barriers to and predictors of their practices in this area...
December 1, 2016: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898721/hepatitis-b-virus-infections-and-associated-factors-among-pregnant-women-attending-antenatal-care-clinic-at-deder-hospital-eastern-ethiopia
#2
Abdi Umare, Berhanu Seyoum, Tesfaye Gobena, Tamirat Haile Mariyam
BACKGROUND: Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is a serious public health problem worldwide. Reports have shown that 68,600 people die of HBV infection and more than 300,000 deaths due to liver cancer secondary to hepatitis B every year globally. Women who are infected with HBV can vertically transmit the infection to their infants. This study aims to determine the prevalence of HBV infection and associated factors among pregnant women. METHODS AND FINDINGS: A hospital-based cross-sectional study was conducted among pregnant women who attended antenatal care clinic (ANC) for routine pregnancy check-up between 18 March 2015 and 15 May 2015...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888688/an-oral-hemokine-tm-%C3%AE-methylhydrocinnamate-enhances-myeloid-and-neutrophil-recovery-following-irradiation-in-vivo
#3
Douglas V Faller, Serguei A Castaneda, Daohong Zhou, Merriline Vedamony, Peter E Newburger, Gary L White, Stanley Kosanke, P Artur Plett, Christie M Orschell, Michael S Boosalis, Susan P Perrine
An oral therapeutic which reduces duration of cytopenias and is active following accidental radiation exposures is an unmet need in radiation countermeasures. Alpha methylhydrocinnamate (ST7) prolongs STAT-5 phosphorylation, reduces growth-factor dependency of multi-lineage cell lines, and stimulates erythropoiesis. Here, ST7 and its isomers were studied for their effects on myeloid progenitors and hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) following radiation, in nonhuman primates, and murine irradiation models. Addition of ST7 or ST7-S increased CFU-GM production by 1...
October 31, 2016: Blood Cells, Molecules & Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882032/effect-of-socio-cultural-factors-on-spontaneous-abortion-in-burdur-turkey-a-population-based-case-control-study
#4
Binali Catak, Can Oner, Sevinc Sutlu, Selcuk Kilinc
OBJECTIVE: To determine the sociocultural factors that have effect on spontaneous abortion in Burdur, Turkey. METHODS: Study was designed as case-control study. The case group consist of 257 women whose pregnancies ended with spontaneous abortion. The control group consisted of 514 women whose pregnancy continued since 22 weeks and more during the study. Chi-square, and backward LR logistic regression were utilized in analyses. RESULTS: In multifactorial-analyses it was determined that four factors (educational status of women, employment status of women, exposure to physical violence and non-receipt of ANC) created independent risk on spontaneous abortions...
September 2016: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863534/diagnosis-a-posteriori-assessing-gestational-diabetes-screening-and-management-in-morocco
#5
Bettina Utz, Bouchra Assarag, Amina Essolbi, Amina Barkat, Yassir Ait Benkaddour, Vincent De Brouwere
BACKGROUND: In Morocco, gestational diabetes affects 1 in 10 pregnant women, but knowledge about screening and management practices outside university settings is limited. OBJECTIVE: To provide a comprehensive picture about the current situation of screening and management of gestational diabetes at different levels of care and to highlight existing challenges. DESIGN: We conducted a descriptive mixed methods study in the districts of Al Haouz and Marrakech by using both quantitative and qualitative methods, including document reviews of 369 antenatal cards and 299 hospital files, health facility inventories related to resource availability, 20 key informant interviews as well as focus group discussions with 32 pregnant women and exit interviews with 122 antenatal care (ANC) clients...
2016: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27860410/sarilumab-and-non-biologic-disease-modifying-antirheumatic-drugs-in-patients-with-active-ra-and-inadequate-response-or-intolerance-to-tnf-inhibitors
#6
Roy Fleischmann, Janet van Adelsberg, Yong Lin, Geraldo da Rocha Castelar-Pinheiro, Jan Brzezicki, Pawel Hrycaj, Neil M H Graham, Hubert van Hoogstraten, Deborah Bauer, Gerd R Burmester
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate efficacy and safety of sarilumab plus conventional synthetic disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (csDMARDs) in patients with active, moderate-to-severe rheumatoid arthritis (RA) with inadequate response or intolerance to anti-tumor necrosis factor (TNF) therapies. METHODS: Patients were randomly allocated to receive sarilumab 150 mg, sarilumab 200 mg, or placebo every 2 weeks (q2w) for 24 weeks with background csDMARD(s). Coprimary endpoints were proportion of patients achieving American College of Rheumatology 20% (ACR20) response at week 24 and change from baseline in Health Assessment Questionnaire-Disability Index (HAQ-DI) at week 12...
November 17, 2016: Arthritis & Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852276/coverage-and-equity-in-reproductive-and-maternal-health-interventions-in-brazil-impressive-progress-following-the-implementation-of-the-unified-health-system
#7
Giovanny V A França, María Clara Restrepo-Méndez, Maria Fátima S Maia, Cesar G Victora, Aluísio J D Barros
BACKGROUND: The Brazilian SUS (Unified Health System) was created in 1988 within the new constitution, based on the premises of being universal, comprehensive, and equitable. The SUS offers free health care, independent of contribution or affiliation. Since then, great efforts and increasing investments have been made for the system to achieve its goals. We assessed how coverage and equity in selected reproductive and maternal interventions progressed in Brazil from 1986 to 2013. METHODS: We reanalysed data from four national health surveys carried out in Brazil in 1986, 1996, 2006 and 2013...
November 17, 2016: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852239/determinants-of-use-of-health-facility-for-childbirth-in-rural-hadiya-zone-southern-ethiopia
#8
Netsanet Abera Asseffa, Fawole Bukola, Arowojolu Ayodele
BACKGROUND: Maternal mortality remains a major global public health concern despite many international efforts. Facility-based childbirth increases access to appropriate skilled attendance and emergency obstetric care services as the vast majority of obstetric complications occur during delivery. The purpose of the study was to determine the proportion of facility delivery and assess factors influencing utilization of health facility for childbirth. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in two rural districts of Hadiya zone, southern Ethiopia...
November 16, 2016: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834327/factors-associated-with-utilization-of-antenatal-care-services-among-tribal-women-a-study-of-selected-states
#9
Tulsi Adhikari, Damodar Sahu, Saritha Nair, Kalyan B Saha, Ravendra K Sharma, Arvind Pandey
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: Despite various efforts by the Government of India, utilization of antenatal care (ANC) services continues to be low among women from rural areas particularly those belonging to the Scheduled Tribes. The present study was undertaken to examine the factors associated with the utilization of ANC services among women in four States including Rajasthan, Odisha, Chhattisgarh and Madhya Pradesh which constitute a good share of tribal population of the country. METHODS: Data from third round of District Level Household and Facility Survey, 2007-08 (DLHS-3) have been used...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821986/obesity-or-underweight-what-is-worse-in-pregnancy
#10
Sumi Agrawal, Abha Singh
OBJECTIVE: This study was conducted to compare underweight and obese women and their weight gain during pregnancy on fetomaternal outcome. METHOD: This is a prospective, non-interventional, observational study on 1000 women (BMI between 20 and 30 were excluded). Women attending ANC OPD with singleton pregnancy at or before 16 weeks were included and BMI calculated in early pregnancy. Their weight gain during pregnancy was noted. Any complications in the mother or perinate were noted...
December 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27819151/depression-retention-in-care-and-uptake-of-pmtct-service-in-kinshasa-the-democratic-republic-of-congo-a-prospective-cohort
#11
Kelly A Yotebieng, Kunuwo Fokong, Marcel Yotebieng
There is a clear need for effective strategies to address the factors that affect retention, or lost-to-follow-up (LTFU) and adherence to HIV care and treatment. Depression in particular may play an important role in the high rates of LTFU along the prevention of mother-to-child HIV transmission (PMTCT) cascade in sub-Saharan Africa. This study assessed the association between prenatal depression and (1) LTFU or (2) uptake of PMTCT services. As part of a randomized control trial to evaluate the effect of conditional cash transfers on retention in and uptake of PMTCT services, newly diagnosed HIV-infected women, ≤32 weeks pregnant, registering for antenatal care (ANC), in 85 clinics in Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), were recruited and followed-up until LTFU, death, transfer out, or six weeks postpartum...
November 6, 2016: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806723/factors-associated-with-compliance-to-recommended-micronutrients-uptake-for-prevention-of-anemia-during-pregnancy-in-urban-peri-urban-and-rural-communities-in-southeast-nigeria
#12
Nkechi G Onyeneho, Ngozi I'Aronu, Ngozi Chukwu, Uju Patricia Agbawodikeizu, Malgorzata Chalupowski, S V Subramanian
BACKGROUND: The study investigated the factors associated with compliance to the recommended ≥90-day uptake of micronutrients for prevention of iron-deficiency anemia during pregnancy in Nigeria. METHODS: A cross-sectional study of 1500 women who had babies within 6 months prior to the survey, drawn from six urban, peri-urban, and rural local government areas in Enugu and Imo States of Nigeria, was conducted, using a structured questionnaire. A focus group discussion was held with grandmothers and fathers of the new baby...
November 2, 2016: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27805963/outcome-of-acute-pancreatic-and-peripancreatic-collections-occurring-in-patients-with-acute-pancreatitis
#13
Manish Manrai, Rakesh Kochhar, Vikas Gupta, Thakur Deen Yadav, Narendra Dhaka, Naveen Kalra, Saroj K Sinha, Niranjan Khandelwal
OBJECTIVE: To study the outcome of acute collections occurring in patients with acute pancreatitis BACKGROUND:: There are limited data on natural history of acute collections arising after acute pancreatitis (AP). METHODS: Consecutive patients of AP admitted between July 2011 and December 2012 were evaluated by imaging for development of acute collections as defined by revised Atlanta classification. Imaging was repeated at 1 and 3 months. Spontaneous resolution, evolution, and need for intervention were assessed...
November 1, 2016: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27800623/mitochondrial-derived-vesicles-a-new-player-in-cardiac-mitochondrial-quality-control
#14
Luiz H M Bozi, Luiz R G Bechara, Ancély F Dos Santos, Juliane C Campos
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 1, 2016: Journal of Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27800094/male-involvement-in-pmtct-and-associated-factors-among-men-whom-their-wives-had-anc-visit-12-months-prior-to-the-study-in-gondar-town-north-west-ethiopia-december-2014
#15
Abdella Amano, Abdulbasit Musa
INTRODUCTION: Globally, male involvement has been recognized as a priority focus area to be strengthened in PMTCT but, testing male partners for HIV in the context of preventing mother-to-child transmission remains a challenge in most low- and middle-income countries including Ethiopia. In Ethiopia even though male involvement is one of the guiding principle in testing and counseling of HIV, the magnitude of male involvement in PMTCT is not well known. The objective was to assess the magnitude of male involvement in PMTCT and associated factors among men whom their wives have ANC visit 12 months prior to the study in Gondar town, North west Ethiopia...
2016: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27797261/benefits-of-cervical-cancer-screening-by-liquid-based-cytology-as-part-of-routine-antenatal-assessment
#16
Nichamon Parkpinyo, Perapong Inthasorn, Somsak Laiwejpithaya, Tippawan Punnarat
PURPOSE: To determine the prevalence of abnormal cervical cytology, as diagnosed using a liquid-based cytology technique, in pregnant women attending the Antenatal Care (ANC) clinic at Siriraj Hospital. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 655 first-visit pregnant women who attended ANC clinic at Siriraj Hospital during June to November 2015 study period. After receiving routine antenatal care, cervical cytology screening was performed with the Siriraj liquid-based cytology technique...
2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27790466/maternal-health-situation-in-bihar-and-madhya-pradesh-a-comparative-analysis-of-state-fact-sheets-of-national-family-health-survey-nfhs-3-and-4
#17
REVIEW
Ranjit Kumar Dehury, Janmejaya Samal
INTRODUCTION: Maternal health constitutes the health of women during pregnancy, childbirth and the postpartum period. Bihar and Madhya Pradesh (MP) constitute the Empowered Action Group (EAG) states under National Rural Health Mission (NRHM) and are consistently having poor maternal health indicators. AIM: The main objective of this study was to assess the maternal health situation of Bihar and MP based on National Family Health Survey (NFHS-3) and 4 fact sheets...
September 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27787912/intranuclear-inclusions-in-a-dog-with-b-cell-leukemia
#18
Daiki Kato, Masashi Takahashi, Tomoyuki Harada, Masaya Tsuboi, Kazuyuki Uchida, Kenjiro Fukushima, Hideyuki Kanemoto, Yasuhito Fujino, Koichi Ohno, Hiroyuki Nakayama, Hajime Tsujimoto
A 7-year-old Shetland Sheepdog was presented with anorexia. A CBC indicated thrombocytopenia and neutropenia. Bone marrow cytology revealed that 67.7% of all nucleated cells (ANC) were anaplastic large mononuclear cells. These cells were confirmed to be of B-cell origin based on IgH rearrangement, immunohistochemical, and flow cytometric analysis. Microscopic examination revealed that the neoplastic cells had intranuclear inclusions resembling Dutcher bodies. Immunohistochemistry confirmed that the intranuclear inclusions were immunopositive for IgG antibodies...
October 27, 2016: Veterinary Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27782863/knowledge-of-neonatal-danger-signs-among-mothers-attending-well-baby-clinic-in-nakuru-central-district-kenya-cross-sectional-descriptive-study
#19
Elizabeth Gathoni Kibaru, Amos Magembe Otara
BACKGROUND: Neonatal mortality has remained high in Kenya despite various efforts being applied to reduce this negative trend. Early detection of neonatal illness is an important step towards improving new born survival. Toward this end there is need for the mothers to be able to identify signs in neonates that signifies severe neonatal illnesses. The objective of the study was to determine the level of knowledge of mothers attending well baby clinics on postnatal neonatal danger signs and determine the associated factors...
October 25, 2016: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27782104/homozygous-syne1-mutation-causes-congenital-onset-of-muscular-weakness-with-distal-arthrogryposis-a-genotype-phenotype-correlation
#20
Matthias Baumann, Elisabeth Steichen-Gersdorf, Birgit Krabichler, Britt-Sabina Petersen, Ulrike Weber, Wolfgang M Schmidt, Johannes Zschocke, Thomas Müller, Reginald E Bittner, Andreas R Janecke
The exceptionally large SYNE1 (spectrin repeat-containing nuclear envelope protein 1) gene encodes different nesprin-1 isoforms, which are differentially expressed in striated muscle and in cerebellar and cerebral neurons. Nesprin-1 isoforms can function in cytoskeletal, nuclear, and vesicle anchoring. SYNE1 variants have been associated with a spectrum of neurological and neuromuscular disease. Homozygosity mapping combined with exome sequencing identified a disease-causing nonsense mutation in the ultimate exon of full-length SYNE1 transcript in an 8-year-old boy with distal arthrogryposis and muscular hypotonia...
October 26, 2016: European Journal of Human Genetics: EJHG
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