keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

ANC

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922383/timing-and-adequate-attendance-of-antenatal-care-visits-among-women-in-ethiopia
#1
Sanni Yaya, Ghose Bishwajit, Michael Ekholuenetale, Vaibhav Shah, Bernard Kadio, Ogochukwu Udenigwe
INTRODUCTION: Although ANC services are increasingly available to women in low and middle-income countries, their inadequate use persists. This suggests a misalignment between aims of the services and maternal beliefs and circumstances. Owing to the dearth of studies examining the timing and adequacy of content of care, this current study aims to investigate the timing and frequency of ANC visits in Ethiopia. METHODS: Data was obtained from the nationally representative 2011 Ethiopian Demographic and Health Survey (EDHS) which used a two-stage cluster sampling design to provide estimates for the health and demographic variables of interest for the country...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922075/factors-associated-with-optimal-antenatal-care-use-in-northern-region-ghana
#2
Abdulai Abubakari, Faith Agbozo, Gilbert Abotisem Abiiro
BACKGROUND: The aim of the present study was to investigate the factors associated with optimal use of antenatal care (ANC), that is, four or more times during pregnancy. METHODS: A facility-based cross-sectional survey was conducted between February and August 2014 among nursing mothers (n = 578) attending postnatal and child welfare clinics in three districts in Northern Ghana, representing urban, peri-urban and rural zones. The developed questionnaire aided the collection of information on maternal demographic characteristics, health status, household assets, and ANC attendance...
September 18, 2017: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915896/placental-malaria-and-its-effect-on-pregnancy-outcomes-in-sudanese-women-from-blue-nile-state
#3
Samia A Omer, Hagir E Idress, Ishag Adam, Mutasim Abdelrahim, Ali N Noureldein, Abdelrahim M Abdelrazig, Mohammed O Elhassan, Suad M Sulaiman
BACKGROUND: Malaria infection during pregnancy can result in placental malaria and is associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes particularly among primigravidae. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence and risk factors for placental malaria and its effect on pregnancy outcomes in Blue Nile state, Sudan. METHODS: A cross-sectional hospital-based study was conducted consecutively during January 2012-December 2015 in three main hospitals in Blue Nile State, Sudan...
September 16, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915850/-love-me-parents-impact-evaluation-of-a-national-social-and-behavioral-change-communication-campaign-on-maternal-health-outcomes-in-tanzania
#4
Michelle R Kaufman, Jennifer J Harman, Marina Smelyanskaya, Jennifer Orkis, Robert Ainslie
BACKGROUND: Despite marked improvements over the last few decades, maternal mortality in Tanzania remains among the world's highest at 454 maternal deaths per 100,000 live births. Many factors contribute to this disparity, such as a lack of attendance at antenatal care (ANC) services and low rates of delivery at a health facility with a skilled provider. The Wazazi Nipendeni (Love me, parents) social and behavioral change communication campaign was launched in Tanzania in 2012 to improve a range of maternal health outcomes, including individual birth planning, timely ANC attendance, and giving birth in a healthcare facility...
September 15, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915802/determinants-of-pre-eclampsia-eclampsia-among-women-attending-delivery-services-in-selected-public-hospitals-of-addis-ababa-ethiopia-a-case-control-study
#5
Teklit Grum, Abiy Seifu, Mebrahtu Abay, Teklit Angesom, Lidiya Tsegay
BACKGROUND: Pre-eclampsia is a pregnancy-specific hypertensive disorder usually occurs after 20 weeks of gestation. It is one of the leading causes of maternal and perinatal morbidity and mortality worldwide. In Ethiopia, the major direct obstetric complications including pre-eclampsia/eclampsia account for 85% of the maternal deaths. Unlike deaths due to other direct causes, pre-eclampsia/ eclampsia related deaths appear to be increasing and linked to multiple factors, making prevention of the disease a continuous challenge...
September 15, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915688/neutrophil-to-lymphocyte-ratio-and-neurological-deterioration-following-acute-cerebral-hemorrhage
#6
Simona Lattanzi, Claudia Cagnetti, Leandro Provinciali, Mauro Silvestrini
Immunity plays key roles in pathophysiology of intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). The aim of the study was to determine whether the peripheral leukocyte count and neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) predicted neurological deterioration (ND) after ICH. We identified consecutive patients with ICH who had blood sampling performed within 24 hours from symptom's onset. Total white blood cells (WBC), absolute neutrophil count (ANC) and absolute lymphocyte count (ALC) were retrieved, and the NLR computed as the ratio of the ANC to ALC values...
August 22, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915113/causative-factors-for-sexual-and-reproductive-health-status-of-pregnant-adolescent-girls-in-urban-communities-of-lagos-nigeria
#7
Yetunde A Kuyinu, Toriola T Femi-Adebayo, Babatunde A Odugbemi, Elochukwu E Ukatu
Background The overall goal of this study was to determine the causative factors for pregnancy status in adolescent girls in two communities in the Lagos Island local government area. Methods A mixed methods (quantitative and qualitative) study reviewing routine health facility antenatal care (ANC) records and conducting focus group discussions among 46 pregnant adolescents, exploring their views about sex, contraception, pregnancy and sexual and reproductive health (SRH) services, was carried out. Key informant interviews were also carried out among healthcare workers and community members to assess their perceptions of adolescents' SRH problems...
September 15, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913922/a-clinically-meaningful-fetal-hemoglobin-threshold-for-children-with-sickle-cell-anemia-during-hydroxyurea-therapy
#8
Jeremie H Estepp, Matthew P Smeltzer, Guolian Kang, Chen Li, Winfred C Wang, Christina Abrams, Banu Aygun, Russell E Ware, Kerri Nottage, Jane S Hankins
Hydroxyurea has proven clinical benefits and is recommended to be offered to all children with sickle cell anemia (SCA), but the optimal dosing regimen remains controversial. Induction of red blood cell fetal hemoglobin (HbF) by hydroxyurea appears to be dose-dependent. However, it is unknown whether maximizing HbF% improves clinical outcomes. HUSTLE (NCT00305175) is a prospective observational study with a primary goal of describing the long-term clinical effects of hydroxyurea escalated to maximal tolerated dose (MTD) in children with SCA...
September 14, 2017: American Journal of Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904711/factors-determining-late-antenatal-care-booking-and-the-content-of-care-among-pregnant-mother-attending-antenatal-care-services-in-east-wollega-administrative-zone-west-ethiopia
#9
Eyasu Ejeta, Regea Dabsu, Olifan Zewdie, Elias Merdassa
INTRODUCTION: Antenatal care (ANC) is important for both maternal and fetal health. However, the existing evidence from developing countries indicates that most pregnant women attending ANC in their late pregnancy. Little is known about the factors determining ANC booking and the content of care among pregnant women in West part of Ethiopia. Therefore, the present study was conducted to identify factors determining late ANC booking and the content of care among pregnant mother attending antenatal care services in East Wollega administrative zone, West Ethiopia...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902264/intimate-partner-violence-as-a-predictor-of-antenatal-care-service-utilization-in-honduras
#10
Anne K Sebert Kuhlmann, Janine Foggia, Qiang Fu, Manuel Sierra
Objective: To describe the relationship between exposure to physical and/or sexual intimate partner violence (IPV) and indicators of antenatal care (ANC) service utilization among Honduran women of reproductive age. Methods: Data from the 2011-2012 Honduras Demographic and Health Survey were analyzed to describe the relationship between self-reported exposure to IPV and two ANC outcomes: (1) sufficient ANC visits (defined by the Honduran Ministry of Health as five or more visits) and (2) early ANC initiation (within the first trimester)...
August 21, 2017: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899379/spatial-models-for-the-rational-allocation-of-routinely-distributed-bed-nets-to-public-health-facilities-in-western-kenya
#11
Peter M Macharia, Patroba A Odera, Robert W Snow, Abdisalan M Noor
BACKGROUND: In high to moderate malaria transmission areas of Kenya, long-lasting insecticidal nets (LLINs) are provided free of charge to pregnant women and infants during routine antenatal care (ANC) and immunization respectively. Quantities of LLINs distributed to clinics are quantified based on a combination of monthly consumption data and population size of target counties. However, this approach has been shown to lead to stock-outs in targeted clinics. In this study, a novel LLINs need quantification approach for clinics in the routine distribution system was developed...
September 12, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895090/effort-and-neuropsychological-performance-in-hiv-infected-individuals-on-stable-combination-antiretroviral-therapy
#12
Robert Paul, Gina Rhee, Laurie M Baker, Florin Vaida, Sarah A Cooley, Beau M Ances
The expression of cognitive symptoms associated with HIV varies over time and across individuals. This pattern may reflect transient contextual factors, including the degree of effort exerted by individuals undergoing cognitive testing. The present study examined whether effort corresponds to the expression of persistent HIV-related cognitive impairment among individuals receiving combination antiretroviral therapy (cART). HIV+ individuals (n = 111) averaged 48.2 (14.9) years of age and 13.0 (2.7) years of education and HIV- individuals (n = 92) averaged 34...
September 11, 2017: Journal of Neurovirology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893267/is-the-role-of-health-extension-workers-in-the-delivery-of-maternal-and-child-health-care-services-a-significant-attribute-the-case-of-dale-district-southern-ethiopia
#13
Abel Negussie, Gedion Girma
BACKGROUND: The Health Extension Program (HEP) is one of the most innovative community based health program launched by the Ethiopian Federal Ministry of Health to make health services accessible to rural communities by setting-out women Health Extension Workers (HEWs) in rural Health Posts. The HEWs are premised to provide basic, largely preventive, primary health services to rural villages and the program gives special attention to children and mothers. The objective of the study was to assess the contribution made by the Health Extension Workers in maternal and child health care service delivery in Dale district, southern Ethiopia...
September 11, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893222/quality-of-antenatal-care-services-and-completion-of-four-or-more-antenatal-care-visits-in-ethiopia-a-finding-based-on-a-demographic-and-health-survey
#14
Kindie Fentahun Muchie
BACKGROUND: Antenatal care (ANC) is one of the core interventions for improving maternal outcomes. The average annual decline of maternal mortality rate from 1990 to 2013 was 5% in Ethiopia. This figure was below the least expected 5.5% to achieve the targeted 75% by 1990-2015. Moreover, completion of the recommended four or more ANC visits was only 32%. This study was aimed to examine individual, household and community level potential determinants of completing the recommended visits in the country...
September 11, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893207/hepatitis-b-virus-and-hiv-co-infection-among-pregnant-women-in-rwanda
#15
Mwumvaneza Mutagoma, Helene Balisanga, Samuel S Malamba, Dieudonné Sebuhoro, Eric Remera, David J Riedel, Steve Kanters, Sabin Nsanzimana
BACKGROUND: Hepatitis B virus (HBV) affects people worldwide but the local burden especially in pregnant women and their new born babies is unknown. In Rwanda HIV-infected individuals who are also infected with HBV are supposed to be initiated on ART immediately. HBV is easily transmitted from mother to child during delivery. We sought to estimate the prevalence of chronic HBV infection among pregnant women attending ante-natal clinic (ANC) in Rwanda and to determine factors associated with HBV and HIV co-infection...
September 11, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886412/re-evaluation-of-acute-erythroid-leukemia-according-to-the-2016-who-classification
#16
Yan Chen, Maryam Pourabdollah, Eshetu G Atenafu, Anne Tierens, Aaron Schimmer, Hong Chang
In the recent update of WHO classification, the definition of myeloid neoplasms with erythroid predominance has been modified shifting the main criteria for calculating blast percentage from non-erythroid cells (NEC) to all nucleated marrow cells (ANC). Thus, the cases previously classified as erythroid/myeloid subtype of acute erythroid leukemia (AEL) based on the 2008 WHO will now be categorized either as myelodysplastic syndrome with excess blasts (MDS-EB) or acute myeloid leukemia, not otherwise specified (AML-NOS)...
August 25, 2017: Leukemia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871853/effect-of-a-participatory-multisectoral-maternal-and-newborn-intervention-on-maternal-health-service-utilization-and-newborn-care-practices-a-quasi-experimental-study-in-three-rural-ugandan-districts
#17
Elizabeth Ekirapa-Kiracho, Rornald Muhumuza Kananura, Moses Tetui, Gertrude Namazzi, Aloysius Mutebi, Asha George, Ligia Paina, Peter Waiswa, Ahmed Bumba, Godfrey Mulekwa, Dinah Nakiganda-Busiku, Moses Lyagoba, Harriet Naiga, Mary Putan, Agatha Kulwenza, Judith Ajeani, Ayub Kakaire-Kirunda, Fred Makumbi, Lynn Atuyambe, Olico Okui, Suzanne Namusoke Kiwanuka
BACKGROUND: The MANIFEST study in eastern Uganda employed a participatory multisectoral approach to reduce barriers to access to maternal and newborn care services. OBJECTIVES: This study analyses the effect of the intervention on the utilization of maternal and newborn services and care practices. METHODS: The quasi-experimental pre- and post-comparison design had two main components: community mobilization and empowerment, and health provider capacity building...
August 2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871553/treatment-with-granulocyte-colony-stimulating-factor-in-the-refeeding-phase-of-anorexia-nervosa-complicated-with-severe-neutropenia-and-sepsis-a-case-report
#18
Haruki Komatsu, Karin Hayashi, Fukiko Higashiyama
Leukopenia is frequently observed in patients with anorexia nervosa (AN). However, serious infectious diseases are infrequent in patients with AN. We present the case of a 13-year-old girl with AN complicated with severe neutropenia and sepsis upon refeeding. Her body mass index was 11 kg/m(2) and her absolute neutrophil count (ANC) was 1555/µL on admission. After the initiation of refeeding, her ANC gradually declined to 346/µL. High fever occurred and a blood culture tested positive for Enterobacter cloacae...
September 4, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870241/intestinal-helminthic-infection-and-anemia-among-pregnant-women-attending-ante-natal-care-anc-in-east-wollega-oromia-ethiopia
#19
Hylemariam Mihiretie Mengist, Olifan Zewdie, Adugna Belew
BACKGROUND: Ethiopia is a developing country where intestinal helminthic infections are major public health problems. The burden of intestinal parasites, particularly the soil-transmitted helminths (STHs), is often very high in school children and pregnant women. Anemia, associated with STH, is a major factor in women's health, especially during pregnancy; it is an important contributor to maternal mortality. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of intestinal helminthic infection and anemia among pregnant women attending ANC in East Wollega Zone, Ethiopia...
September 5, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28863558/head-movement-immune-active-noise-control-with-head-mounted-moving-microphones
#20
Santosh Kumar Behera, Debi Prasad Das, Bidyadhar Subudhi
The active headrest is an important application of active noise control (ANC) where the occupant gets a quiet zone during use. However, its performance degrades due to head movement, which is an important issue. Unlike conventional active headrest algorithm, in the present paper, the two error microphones are attached to a head attachment such as a hat or band so that both error microphones can move along with the head, keeping the relative distance of ears and the microphones intact. The two secondary loudspeakers are kept near to the head, facing the ears...
August 2017: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
keyword
keyword
43982
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"