keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Images in Clinical Medicine

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29906380/points-pearls-managing-shoulder-injuries-in-the-emergency-department-fracture-dislocation-and-overuse
#1
Richard Pescatore, Andrew Nyce, Nachi Gupta, Jeffrey Nusbaum
The complex structures of the shoulder can be injured by fracture, dislocation, and overuse, and correctly identifying and classifying injury is essential to avoiding pain, disability, and life- and limb-threatening complications. This issue presents a systematic approach to classifying shoulder injuries based on the mechanism of injury and clinical presentation, choosing appropriate imaging, and determining the best strategies for treatment, including reduction, surgical consultation, or outpatient referral...
June 1, 2018: Emergency Medicine Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905541/use-of-perfusion-mri-for-determination-of-irradiation-volumes-in-radiotherapy-of-patients-with-brain-glioma
#2
K Mardaleishvili, G Orkodashvili
Objective - to assess how rCBV maps correlate with irradiation treatment plans in patients with recurrent tumor in order to identify potential differences and optimize treatment planning. 11 patients with brain HGG have taken participation in this study. Study was conducted in Radiation Medicine Center and Scientific Research Institute of Clinical Medicine. All patients underwent DSC-MRI and routine MRI imaging prior to re-irradiation treatment planning, and underwent treatment as per routine clinical protocol...
May 2018: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905355/-radiomics-big-data-instead-of-biopsies-in-the-future
#3
Kathrin Scheckenbach
Precision medicine is increasingly pushed forward, also with respect to upcoming new targeted therapies. Individual characterization of diseases on the basis of biomarkers is a prerequisite for this development. So far, biomarkers are characterized clinically, histologically or on a molecular level. The implementation of broad screening methods ("Omics") and the analysis of big data - in addition to single markers - allow to define biomarker signatures. Next to "Genomics", "Proteomics", and "Metabolicis", "Radiomics" gained increasing interest during the last years...
March 2018: Laryngo- Rhino- Otologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903443/nuclear-medicine-of-the-cerebellum
#4
Alessandra Vella, Mario Mascalchi
Single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) and positron emission tomography (PET) with different radiotracers enable regional evaluation of blood flow and glucose metabolism, of receptors and transporters of several molecules, and of abnormal deposition of peptides and proteins in the brain. The cerebellum has been used as a reference region for different radiotracers in several disease conditions. Whole-brain voxel-wise analysis is not affected by a priori knowledge bias and should be preferred. SPECT and PET have contributed to establishing the cerebellum role in motion, cognition, and emotion control in physiologic and pathophysiologic conditions...
2018: Handbook of Clinical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29902900/-preliminary-study-on-two-analytical-methods-for-evaluation-of-traditional-chinese-medicine-syndromes-model-in-rats-with-blood-stasis-due-to-sleep-deprivation
#5
Ting-Ting Hao, Hao Guo, Jian-Xun Liu, Jin-Cheng Chen, Jian-Xun Ren, Cheng-Ren Lin, Jun-Guo Ren
The comparison on evaluating blood stasis syndrome in sleep deprived rats was carried out by using R, G, B image analysis of Tongue and palm as well as auricle, palm surface laser Doppler flow perfusion. The experiment was performed by means of a small platform on the water environment for sleep deprivation. The rats were weekly weighed at fixed time, and their macroscopic signs were observed; and their tongue and palm images of the control and model group were respectively collected by the SLR camera at the 2nd, 4th and 6th week...
May 2018: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29901637/extracranial-intracranial-bypass-in-medial-sphenoid-ridge-meningioma-associated-with-severe-stenosis-of-the-intracranial-segments-of-the-internal-carotid-artery-a-case-report
#6
Yabo Huang, Zhong Wang, Qingdong Han
RATIONALE: Tumor resection and extracranial-intracranial bypass concerning medial sphenoid ridge meningioma associated with severe stenosis of the internal carotid artery (ICA) of intracranial segments has been rarely presented. Effective treatment as to the complex lesions may be complicated. Tumor resection and cerebrovascular protection should be both taken into consideration. PATIENT CONCERNS: We presented one case of medial sphenoid ridge meningioma associated with severe stenosis of the internal carotid artery of intracranial segments...
June 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29901504/vertebral-augmentation-is-superior-to-nonoperative-care-at-reducing-lower-back-pain-for-symptomatic-osteoporotic-compression-fractures-a-meta-analysis
#7
Sina Pourtaheri, William Luo, Christina Cui, Steven Garfin
STUDY DESIGN: This is a systematic review and meta-analysis. OBJECTIVE: This study's goal was to (i) assess the clinical outcomes with and without vertebral augmentation (VA) for osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures (VCFs) with versus without correlating signs and symptoms; and (ii) acute (symptoms <3 mo duration) and subacute VCFs (3-6 mo duration) versus chronic VCFs (>6 mo). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Previously, a randomized controlled trial in the New England Journal of Medicine concluded that vertebroplasty for osteoporotic VCFs provided no clinical benefit over sham surgery...
June 12, 2018: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29898875/clinical-and-molecular-markers-in-copd
#8
I Gonçalves, M J Guimarães, M van Zeller, F Menezes, J Moita, P Simão
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a complex and heterogeneous disease, and there is a clinical need for validated markers and biomarkers that can contribute to the assessment of patients, risk prediction, treatment guidance, and assessment of response. Although according to the 2018 GOLD guidelines clinically useful biomarkers for COPD patients in stable condition have yet to be identified, several clinical markers and biomarkers have been proposed for COPD. These include isolated clinical markers, such as symptoms and Health Status assessment, exercise tests, function tests and imaging, and also composite scores and molecular markers...
June 10, 2018: Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29895120/-analysis-on-the-trend-of-innovation-and-development-in-the-field-of-ophthalmology
#9
L H Shan, X Y An, M M Xu, S P Fan, H Zhong, P Ni, H Chi
Objective: To systematically analyze the innovation and development trend in the field of ophthalmology. Methods: The latest ophthalmology funding program from the National Eye Institute and National Natural Science Foundation of China, and funding project for 2012 to 2016 from the National Institutes of Health, National Natural Science Foundation of China and National key research and development plan of China was collected. Using the comparative analysis method, the major ophthalmology funding areas at home and abroad were analyzed...
June 11, 2018: [Zhonghua Yan Ke za Zhi] Chinese Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29895091/-arthroscopic-reconstruction-of-intratendinous-lesions-of-the-supraspinatus-tendon-a-systematic-review
#10
Marius von Knoch, Stephan Frosch, Wolfgang Lehmann
BACKGROUND: Intratendinous lesions of the rotator cuff of the shoulder are frequent and may be a distinct clinical entity. Nevertheless, there are only a few publications which deal specifically with this subject. This study analyses the existing literature for the arthroscopic reconstruction of the intratendinous lesion of the supraspinatus tendon, by means of a systematic review, and identifies relevant research questions for future studies. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In January 2017, a systematic review of the U...
June 12, 2018: Zeitschrift Für Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29894824/multimodal-imaging-based-therapeutic-fingerprints-for-optimizing-personalized-interventions-application-to-neurodegeneration
#11
Yasser Iturria-Medina, Félix M Carbonell, Alan C Evans
Personalized Medicine (PM) seeks to assist the patients according to their specific treatment needs and potential intervention responses. However, in the neurological context, this approach is limited by crucial methodological challenges, such as the requirement for an understanding of the causal disease mechanisms and the inability to predict the brain's response to therapeutic interventions. Here, we introduce and validate the concept of the personalized Therapeutic Intervention Fingerprint (pTIF), which predicts the effectiveness of potential interventions for controlling a patient's disease evolution...
June 9, 2018: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29893147/detecting-post-translational-modification-signatures-as-potential-biomarkers-in-clinical-mass-spectrometry
#12
Ruzanna Mnatsakanyan, Gerta Shema, Mark Basik, Gerald Batist, Christoph H Borchers, Albert Sickmann, René P Zahedi
Numerous diseases are caused by changes in post-translational modifications (PTMs). Therefore, the number of clinical proteomics studies that include the analysis of PTMs is increasing. Combining complementary information - e.g., changes in protein abundance, PTM levels, with the genome and transcriptome (proteogenomics) - holds great promise for discovering important drivers and markers of disease, as variations in copy number, expression levels, or mutations without spatial/functional/isoform information is often insufficient or even misleading...
June 12, 2018: Expert Review of Proteomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29887146/differential-diagnosis-with-other-rapid-progressive-dementias-in-human-prion-diseases
#13
Michael D Geschwind, Katy Murray
Prion diseases are unique in medicine as in humans they occur in sporadic, genetic, and acquired forms. The most common human prion disease is sporadic Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD), which commonly presents as a rapidly progressive dementia (RPD) with behavioral, cerebellar, extrapyramidal, and some pyramidal features, with the median survival from symptom onset to death of just a few months. Because human prion diseases, as well as other RPDs, are relatively rare, they can be difficult to diagnose, as most clinicians have seen few, if any, cases...
2018: Handbook of Clinical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29886123/musculoskeletal-anatomy-education-evaluating-the-influence-of-different-teaching-and-learning-activities-on-medical-students-perception-and-academic-performance
#14
Jason Peeler, Hugo Bergen, Alison Bulow
Medical schools have traditionally used a lecture and dissection-based approach for educating students about human anatomy. There is growing interest in the adoption of alternative teaching and learning activities (TLAs) that incorporate the use of cadaveric prosection and computer-based learning into musculoskeletal (MSK) anatomy curricula. The purpose of this investigation was to examine retrospectively how different TLAs influenced student perceptions about learning, and performance on MSK anatomy examinations...
June 7, 2018: Annals of Anatomy, Anatomischer Anzeiger: Official Organ of the Anatomische Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29884521/nonaneurysmal-pseudo-subarachnoid-hemorrhage-computed-tomography-patterns-challenges-in-an-acute-decision-making-heuristics
#15
Tasneem F Hasan, Walter Duarte, Oluwaseun O Akinduro, Eric D Goldstein, Rebecca Hurst, Neil Haranhalli, David A Miller, Robert E Wharen, Rabih G Tawk, William D Freeman
BACKGROUND: Acute aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) is a medical and neurosurgical emergency from ruptured brain aneurysm. Aneurysmal SAH is identified on brain computed tomography (CT) as increased density of basal cisterns and subarachnoid spaces from acute blood products. Aneurysmal SAH-like pattern on CT appears as an optical illusion effect of hypodense brain parenchyma and/or hyperdense surrounding cerebral cisterns and blood vessels termed as "pseudo-subarachnoid hemorrhage" (pseudo-SAH)...
June 5, 2018: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29870980/quantitative-large-scale-three-dimensional-imaging-of-human-kidney-biopsies-a-bridge-to-precision-medicine-in-kidney-disease
#16
Seth Winfree, Pierre C Dagher, Kenneth W Dunn, Michael T Eadon, Michael Ferkowicz, Daria Barwinska, Katherine J Kelly, Timothy A Sutton, Tarek M El-Achkar
Kidney biopsy remains the gold standard for uncovering the pathogenesis of acute and chronic kidney diseases. However, the ability to perform high resolution, quantitative, molecular and cellular interrogation of this precious tissue is still at a developing stage compared to other fields such as oncology. Here, we discuss recent advances in performing large-scale, three-dimensional (3D), multi-fluorescence imaging of kidney biopsies and quantitative analysis referred to as 3D tissue cytometry. This approach allows the accurate measurement of specific cell types and their spatial distribution in a thick section spanning the entire length of the biopsy...
June 5, 2018: Nephron
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29869228/deoxycholic-acid-and-the-marginal-mandibular-nerve-a-cadaver-study
#17
Alexander D Blandford, Waseem Ansari, Jason M Young, Bruce Maley, Thomas P Plesec, Catherine J Hwang, Julian D Perry
BACKGROUND: One of the rare but serious complications observed with deoxycholic acid administration is damage to the marginal mandibular nerve. In this study, we evaluated if deoxycholic acid directly induces histologic damage to fresh cadaveric marginal mandibular nerve. METHODS: A segment of marginal mandibular nerve was harvested from 12 hemifaces of 6 fresh cadavers. The nerve specimen was exposed to either 0.9% sterile saline for 24 h, deoxycholic acid (10 mg/ml) for 20 min, or deoxycholic acid (10 mg/ml) for 24 h...
June 4, 2018: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29869119/using-virtual-human-technology-to-examine-weight-bias-and-the-role-of-patient-weight-on-student-assessment-of-pediatric-pain
#18
Shana L Boyle, David M Janicke, Michael E Robinson, Laura D Wandner
The purpose of the study was to investigate the influence of weight bias and demographic characteristics on the assessment of pediatric chronic pain. Weight status, race, and sex were manipulated in a series of virtual human (VH) digital images of children. Using a web-based platform, 96 undergraduate students with health care-related majors (e.g., Health Science, Nursing, Biology, and Pre-Medicine) read a clinical vignette and provided five ratings targeting the assessment of each VH child's pain. Students also answered a weight bias questionnaire...
June 4, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29868345/non-invasive-early-response-monitoring-of-nanoparticle-assisted-photothermal-cancer-therapy-using-18-f-fdg-18-f-flt-and-18-f-fet-pet-ct-imaging
#19
Jesper Tranekjær Jørgensen, Kamilla Norregaard, Marina Simón Martín, Lene Broeng Oddershede, Andreas Kjaer
Rationale: Since its first implementation nanoparticle-assisted photothermal cancer therapy has been studied extensively, although mainly with focus on optimal nanoparticle design. However, development of efficient treatment protocols, as well as reliable and early evaluation tools in vivo , are needed to push the therapy towards clinical translation. Positron emission tomography (PET) is a non-invasive imaging technique that is currently finding extensive use for early evaluation of cancer therapies; an approach that has become of increasing interest due to its great potential for personalized medicine...
2018: Nanotheranostics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29864132/diagnostic-comparison-between-fecpakg2-and-the-kato-katz-method-for-analyzing-soil-transmitted-helminth-eggs-in-stool
#20
Wendelin Moser, Oliver Bärenbold, Greg J Mirams, Piet Cools, Johnny Vlaminck, Said M Ali, Shaali M Ame, Jan Hattendorf, Penelope Vounatsou, Bruno Levecke, Jennifer Keiser
BACKGROUND: Over one billion people are infected with soil-transmitted helminths (STH), i.e. Ascaris lumbricoides, hookworm and Trichuris trichiura. For estimating drug efficacy and monitoring anthelminthic drug resistance, accurate diagnostic methods are critical. FECPAKG2 is a new remote-diagnostic tool used in veterinary medicine, which produces an image of the stool sample that can be stored on an internet cloud. We compared for the first time FECPAKG2 with the recommended Kato-Katz method...
June 4, 2018: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
keyword
keyword
43980
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"