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Steroid receptor coactivator

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137326/overexpression-of-carbonic-anhydrase-ix-induces-cell-motility-by-activating-matrix-metalloproteinase-9-in-human-oral-squamous-cell-carcinoma-cells
#1
Jia-Sin Yang, Chiao-Wen Lin, Yi-Hsien Hsieh, Ming-Hsien Chien, Chun-Yi Chuang, Shun-Fa Yang
Oral cancer is a solid malignant tumor that is prone to occur following hypoxia. There are no clear studies showing a link between hypoxia and oral carcinogenesis. Carbonic anhydrase IX (CAIX), which is a hypoxia-induced transmembrane protein, is highly expressed in various types of human cancer. However, the effects of CAIX on the metastasis of human oral cancer cells and the underlying molecular mechanisms have not been clarified. In this study, we observed that CAIX overexpression increased the migratory and invasive abilities of SCC-9 and SAS cells...
October 10, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131020/androgen-triggers-the-pro-migratory-cxcl12-cxcr4-axis-in-ar-positive-breast-cancer-cell-lines-underlying-mechanism-and-possible-implications-for-the-use-of-aromatase-inhibitors-in-breast-cancer
#2
Kalliopi Azariadis, Fotini Kiagiadaki, Vasiliki Pelekanou, Vasiliki Bempi, Kostas Alexakis, Marilena Kampa, Andreas Tsapis, Elias Castanas, George Notas
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Reports regarding the role of androgen in breast cancer (BC) are conflicting. Some studies suggest that androgen could lead to undesirable responses in the presence of certain BC tumor characteristics. We have shown that androgen induces C-X-C motif chemokine 12 (CXCL12) in BC cell lines. Our aim was to identify the mechanisms regulating the phenotypic effects of androgen-induced CXCL12 on Androgen Receptor (AR) positive BC cell lines. METHODS: We analyzed the expression of CXCL12 and its receptors with qPCR and ELISA and the role of Nuclear Receptor Coactivator 1 (NCOA1) in this effect...
November 3, 2017: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127200/steroid-receptor-coactivator-2-src-2-coordinates-cardiomyocyte-paracrine-signaling-to-promote-pressure-overload-induced-angiogenesis
#3
Ji Ho Suh, Li Lai, Deokhwa Nam, Jong Kim, Juyeon Jo, George E Taffet, Eunah Kim, Jason T Kaelber, Hyun-Kyoung Lee, Mark L Entman, John P Cooke, Erin L Reineke
Pressure overload-induced cardiac stress induces left ventricular hypertrophy driven by increased cardiomyocyte mass. The increased energetic demand and cardiomyocyte size during hypertrophy necessitate increased fuel and oxygen delivery and stimulate angiogenesis in the left ventricular wall. We have previously shown that the transcriptional regulator steroid receptor coactivator-2 (SRC-2) controls activation of several key cardiac transcription factors and that SRC-2 loss results in extensive cardiac transcriptional remodeling...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115463/ganoderma-lucidum-polysaccharide-inhibits-prostate-cancer-cell-migration-via-the-protein-arginine-methyltransferase-6-signaling-pathway
#4
Xiaohui Zhao, Dayu Zhou, Yunen Liu, Chun Li, Xiaoguang Zhao, Ying Li, Wei Li
Prostate cancer is one of the most common types of malignant tumor of men worldwide and the incidence and mortality rate is gradually increasing. At present, the molecular mechanisms of growth and migration in human prostate cancer have not been completely elucidated. Studies have demonstrated that Ganoderma lucidum polysaccharides (GLP) can inhibit cancer. Therefore the present study investigated the effect and molecular mechanism of GLP on cell growth and migration of LNCaP human prostate cancer cells. LNCaP cells were transfected with either a protein arginine methyltransferase 6 (PRMT6) overexpression plasmid or PRMT6 small interfering (si)RNA...
October 26, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101097/the-tripartite-motif-containing-24-acts-as-a-novel-coactivator-of-the-constitutive-active-androstane-receptor
#5
Yuichiro Kanno, Yuki Kure, Saori Kobayashi, Mariko Mizuno, Yumi Tsuchiya, Naoya Yamashita, Kiyomitsu Nemoto, Yoshio Inouye
The constitutive active/androstane receptor (CAR) is a nuclear receptor that acts as a transcription factor for a variety of genes, including genes encoding xenobiotic, steroid and drug-metabolizing enzymes and transporters. Transactivation of a target gene by a transcription factor is generally mediated through the concerted and stepwise recruitment of various proteins termed co-regulators, including coactivators and corepressors. In this study, tripartite motif containing 24 (TRIM24; also known as transcriptional intermediary factor 1 alpha) was found to interact with the CAR...
November 3, 2017: Drug Metabolism and Disposition: the Biological Fate of Chemicals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972158/ligand-dependent-corepressor-lcor-represses-the-transcription-factor-c-ebp%C3%AE-during-early-adipocyte-differentiation
#6
Hongchao Cao, Shengjie Zhang, Shifang Shan, Chao Sun, Yan Li, Hui Wang, Shuxian Yu, Yi Liu, Feifan Guo, Qiwei Zhai, Yu-Cheng Wang, Jingjing Jiang, Hui Wang, Jun Yan, Wei Liu, Hao Ying
Nuclear receptors (NRs) regulate gene transcription by recruiting coregulators, involved in chromatin remodeling and assembly of the basal transcription machinery. The NR-associated protein ligand-dependent corepressor (LCoR) has previously been shown to suppress hepatic lipogenesis by decreasing the binding of steroid receptor coactivators to thyroid hormone receptor. However, the role of LCoR in adipogenesis has not been established. Here, we show that LCoR expression is reduced in the early stage of adipogenesis in vitro...
September 26, 2017: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943942/honokiol-inhibits-bladder-cancer-cell-invasion-through-repressing-src-3-expression-and-epithelial-mesenchymal-transition
#7
Lan Shen, Fang Zhang, Ruimin Huang, Jun Yan, Bing Shen
Urinary bladder cancer (UBC) is one of the most common urological cancer types. Muscle invasive bladder cancer possesses high propensity for metastasis with poor prognosis. Honokiol is a lignan isolated from Magnolia officinalis with high bioavailability and potent anticancer effects. The results of the present study demonstrated that honokiol significantly inhibited UBC cell migration and invasion in a dose-dependent manner compared with the vehicle-treated control group. In addition, honokiol treatment suppressed epithelial-mesenchymal transition by induction of E-cadherin and repression of N-cadherin...
October 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890360/synergistic-regulation-of-coregulator-nuclear-receptor-interaction-by-ligand-and-dna
#8
Ian Mitchelle S de Vera, Jie Zheng, Scott Novick, Jinsai Shang, Travis S Hughes, Richard Brust, Paola Munoz-Tello, William J Gardner, David P Marciano, Xiangming Kong, Patrick R Griffin, Douglas J Kojetin
Nuclear receptor (NR) transcription factors bind various coreceptors, small-molecule ligands, DNA response element sequences, and transcriptional coregulator proteins to affect gene transcription. Small-molecule ligands and DNA are known to influence receptor structure, coregulator protein interaction, and function; however, little is known on the mechanism of synergy between ligand and DNA. Using quantitative biochemical, biophysical, and solution structural methods, including (13)C-detected nuclear magnetic resonance and hydrogen/deuterium exchange (HDX) mass spectrometry, we show that ligand and DNA cooperatively recruit the intrinsically disordered steroid receptor coactivator-2 (SRC-2/TIF2/GRIP1/NCoA-2) receptor interaction domain to peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma-retinoid X receptor alpha (PPARγ-RXRα) heterodimer and reveal the binding determinants of the complex...
October 3, 2017: Structure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28844863/structural-and-functional-impacts-of-er-coactivator-sequential-recruitment
#9
Ping Yi, Zhao Wang, Qin Feng, Chao-Kai Chou, Grigore D Pintilie, Hong Shen, Charles E Foulds, Guizhen Fan, Irina Serysheva, Steven J Ludtke, Michael F Schmid, Mien-Chie Hung, Wah Chiu, Bert W O'Malley
Nuclear receptors recruit multiple coactivators sequentially to activate transcription. This "ordered" recruitment allows different coactivator activities to engage the nuclear receptor complex at different steps of transcription. Estrogen receptor (ER) recruits steroid receptor coactivator-3 (SRC-3) primary coactivator and secondary coactivators, p300/CBP and CARM1. CARM1 recruitment lags behind the binding of SRC-3 and p300 to ER. Combining cryo-electron microscopy (cryo-EM) structure analysis and biochemical approaches, we demonstrate that there is a close crosstalk between early- and late-recruited coactivators...
September 7, 2017: Molecular Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28826365/src-3-plays-a-critical-role-in-human-umbilical-vein-endothelial-cells-by-regulating-the-pi3k-akt-mtor-pathway-in-preeclampsia
#10
Yu Yuan, Nan Shan, Bin Tan, Qinyin Deng, Yangming Liu, Hanbin Wang, Xiaofang Luo, Chengjin He, Xin Luo, Hua Zhang, Philip N Baker, David M Olson, Hongbo Qi
Preeclampsia (PE) is currently thought to be characterized by oxidative stress which may lead to endothelial dysfunction. The normal function of vascular endothelium is essential to vascular homeostasis. Previous studies have shown that steroid receptor coactivator 3 (SRC-3) interacts with estrogen receptors (ERs) which are involved in the vasoprotective effects of estrogen and is also associated with cell migration, invasion, and inflammation; however, its role in PE remains unclear. The main purpose of this study is to identify the role of SRC-3 in the function of human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) during the development of PE...
January 1, 2017: Reproductive Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816099/sex-differences-of-steroid-receptor-coactivator-1-expression-after-spinal-cord-injury-in-mice
#11
Jiayu Xiao, Jiqiang Zhang, Yangang Zhao, Wenjie Huang, Zhikai Guo, Bingyin Su, Qiang Guo
OBJECTIVE: The neural functional recovery of female is often better than that of male after spinal cord injury (SCI). Evidences show that estrogen can attenuate inflammation and promote the neural survival and regeneration after SCI. SRC-1 is an essential initiation factor for the estrogen-regulated target gene transcription and plays a key role in regulating estrogen activity. However, it is not known whether and how SRC-1 mediates the neural regeneration promoted by estrogen after SCI...
August 17, 2017: Neurological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768874/pgc1%C3%AE-transcriptional-adaptor-function-governs-hepatitis-b-virus-replication-by-controlling-hbcag-p21-protein-mediated-capsid-formation
#12
Rasha E Shalaby, Saira Iram, Bülent Çakal, Claudia E Oropeza, Alan McLachlan
In the human hepatoma cell line Huh7, the coexpression of the coactivators peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ coactivator 1α (PGC1α), cyclic AMP-responsive element binding protein binding protein (CBP), steroid receptor coactivator 1 (SRC1), and protein arginine methyltransferase 1 (PRMT1) only modestly increase hepatitis B virus (HBV) biosynthesis. However, by utilizing the human embryonic kidney cell line HEK293T, it was possible to demonstrate that PGC1α alone can support viral biosynthesis independently of the expression of additional coactivators or transcription factors...
October 15, 2017: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674826/conifer-diterpene-resin-acids-disrupt-juvenile-hormone-mediated-endocrine-regulation-in-the-indian-meal-moth-plodia-interpunctella
#13
Hyun-Woo Oh, Chan-Seok Yun, Jun Hyoung Jeon, Ji-Ae Kim, Doo-Sang Park, Hyung Won Ryu, Sei-Ryang Oh, Hyuk-Hwan Song, Yunhee Shin, Chan Sik Jung, Sang Woon Shin
Diterpene resin acids (DRAs) are important components of oleoresin and greatly contribute to the defense strategies of conifers against herbivorous insects. In the present study, we determined that DRAs function as insect juvenile hormone (JH) antagonists that interfere with the juvenile hormone-mediated binding of the JH receptor Methoprene-tolerant (Met) and steroid receptor coactivator (SRC). Using a yeast two-hybrid system transformed with Met and SRC from the Indian meal moth Plodia interpunctella, we tested the interfering activity of 3704 plant extracts against JH III-mediated Met-SRC binding...
July 3, 2017: Journal of Chemical Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645579/anti-androgenic-mechanisms-of-bisphenol-a-involve-androgen-receptor-signaling-pathway
#14
Hui Wang, Zhen Ding, Qiao-Mei Shi, Xing Ge, Heng-Xue Wang, Meng-Xue Li, Gang Chen, Qi Wang, Qiang Ju, Jin-Peng Zhang, Mei-Rong Zhang, Li-Chun Xu
We have shown Bisphenol A (BPA) acts as an androgen receptor (AR) antagonist in the previous study. However, the mechanisms underlying anti-androgenic effects of BPA remain unclear. The objective of this study was to explore whether the AR signaling was involved in AR antagonism of BPA. The Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8) assay and Real-Time Cell Analysis (RTCA) iCELLigence system were applied to analyze the mouse Sertoli cell TM4 proliferation. The mammalian two-hybrid assays were performed to investigate the effects of BPA on the AR amino- and carboxyl-terminal regions (N/C) interaction and the interactions of the AR with steroid receptor coactivator-1 (SRC-1), co-repressors including silencing mediator for thyroid hormone receptors (SMRT) and nuclear receptor co-repressor (NCoR)...
July 15, 2017: Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645352/r%C3%A3-sistances-aux-hormones-st%C3%A3-ro%C3%A3-des-physiologie-et-pathologie-pathophysiology-of-steroid-resistance-syndrome
#15
N Ramos, M Lombès
Steroid resistance syndrome (mineralocorticoids, glucocorticoids, estrogens, androgens) is a rare clinical disorder, androgen insensitivity syndrome being the most commonly described. Resistance syndromes are characterized by elevated steroid hormone levels, secondary to an impaired signal transduction and a lack of negative feedback, without any specific clinical signs of steroid excess. In most cases, steroid hormone resistance is generally caused by steroid receptor mutations. Several nonsense and missense mutations or deletions have already been described for all steroid receptors, except for the progesterone receptor...
October 2016: Annales D'endocrinologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631712/-the-molecular-mechanisms-and-morphological-manifestations-of-leiomyoma-reduction-induced-by-selective-progesterone-receptor-modulators
#16
T A Demura, Z V Revazova, E A Kogan, L V Adamyan
AIM: to investigate the molecular mechanisms and morphological substrate of reduced uterine leiomyoma in patients receiving the selective progesterone receptor modulator (SPRM) ulipristal acetate for 3 months, by estimating the immunohistochemical expression of the markers steroid receptor coactivator 1 (SRC-1), nuclear receptor corepressor 1 (NCoR-1), ER, PgR, Ki-67, p16, TGF-β, and VEGF in tumor tissue. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The investigation enrolled 75 women with uterine leiomyoma, menorrhagias, and anemia...
2017: Arkhiv Patologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611094/agonist-specific-protein-interactomes-of-glucocorticoid-and-androgen-receptor-as-revealed-by-proximity-mapping
#17
Joanna K Lempiäinen, Einari A Niskanen, Kaisa-Mari Vuoti, Riikka E Lampinen, Helka Göös, Markku Varjosalo, Jorma J Palvimo
Glucocorticoid receptor (GR) and androgen receptor (AR) are steroid-inducible transcription factors (TFs). The GR and the AR are central regulators of various metabolic, homeostatic and differentiation processes and hence important therapeutic targets, especially in inflammation and prostate cancer, respectively. Hormone binding to these steroid receptors (SRs) leads to DNA binding and activation or repression of their target genes with the aid of interacting proteins, coregulators. However, protein interactomes of these important drug targets have remained poorly defined...
August 2017: Molecular & Cellular Proteomics: MCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611048/targeting-src-coactivators-blocks-the-tumor-initiating-capacity-of-cancer-stem-like-cells
#18
Aarti D Rohira, Fei Yan, Lei Wang, Jin Wang, Suoling Zhou, Andrew Lu, Yang Yu, Jianming Xu, David M Lonard, Bert W O'Malley
Tumor-initiating cells (TIC) represent cancer stem-like cell (CSC) subpopulations within tumors that are thought to give rise to recurrent cancer after therapy. Identifying key regulators of TIC/CSC maintenance is essential for the development of therapeutics designed to limit recurrence. The steroid receptor coactivator 3 (SRC-3) is overexpressed in a wide range of cancers, driving tumor initiation, cell proliferation, and metastasis. Here we report that SRC-3 supports the TIC/CSC state and induces an epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) by driving expression of the master EMT regulators and stem cell markers...
August 15, 2017: Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610887/a-hormonal-cue-promotes-timely-follicle-cell-migration-by-modulating-transcription-profiles
#19
Lathiena Manning, Jinal Sheth, Stacey Bridges, Afsoon Saadin, Kamsi Odinammadu, Deborah Andrew, Susan Spencer, Denise Montell, Michelle Starz-Gaiano
Cell migration is essential during animal development. In the Drosophila ovary, the steroid hormone ecdysone coordinates nutrient sensing, growth, and the timing of morphogenesis events including border cell migration. To identify downstream effectors of ecdysone signaling, we profiled gene expression in wild-type follicle cells compared to cells expressing a dominant negative Ecdysone receptor or its coactivator Taiman. Of approximately 400 genes that showed differences in expression, we validated 16 candidate genes for expression in border and centripetal cells, and demonstrated that seven responded to ectopic ecdysone activation by changing their transcriptional levels...
June 10, 2017: Mechanisms of Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589840/characterization-of-a-sea-urchin-iq-motif-containing-protein-d-as-a-coactivator-of-nuclear-receptors
#20
Mi Ae Kim, Young Chang Sohn
Nuclear receptor (NR) interacting proteins, such as coactivators and corepressors, play a crucial role in specifying the transcriptional activity of the receptor. However, little is known about the functional features of the NR coregulators in marine invertebrates. Using the yeast two-hybrid screening method, a sea urchin oocyte cDNA library was screened for proteins that interact with the ligand-binding domain of human RXRα (hRXRα) as the bait protein in the presence of 9-cis retinoic acid. Here, we describe IQ motif containing protein D (IQCD) as an RXR-interacting coactivator...
June 2017: Zoological Science
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