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Steroid receptor coactivator

Hemant Gujar, Subba Reddy Palli
To begin studies on reproduction in common bed bug, Cimex lectularius, we identified three genes coding for vitellogenin (Vg, a protein required for the reproductive success of insects) and studied their hormonal regulation. RNA interference studied showed that expression of Vg3 gene in the adult females is a prerequisite for successful completion of embryogenesis in the eggs laid by them. Juvenile hormone (JH) receptor, Methoprene-tolerant (Met), steroid receptor coactivator (SRC) and GATAa but not ecdysone receptor (EcR) or its partner, ultraspiracle (USP) are required for expression of Vg genes...
October 20, 2016: Scientific Reports
Kaiqing Lin, Hong Zhan, Junyan Ma, Kaihong Xu, Ruijin Wu, Caiyun Zhou, Jun Lin
Estradiol and its nuclear receptors, estrogen receptor (ER) α and ER-β, have important functions in endometriosis, and the transcriptional activity of these receptors is modulated by coactivators and corepressors. The steroid receptor RNA activator 1 (SRA1) produces SRA long noncoding RNA (lncRNA) and SRA protein (SRAP), which regulate ER expression at the RNA and protein levels in some hormone-dependent tumors via an alternative splicing event. However, only a few are reported on their expressions in endometriosis...
September 30, 2016: Reproductive Sciences
Abhishek Kumar Singh, Sonal Shree, Sourav Chattopadhyay, Sudhir Kumar, Anagha Gurjar, Sapana Kushwaha, Harish Kumar, Arun Kumar Trivedi, Naibedya Chattopadhyay, Rakesh Maurya, Ravishankar Ramachandran, Sabyasachi Sanyal
Skeletal muscle atrophy is a debilitating response to several major diseases, muscle disuse and chronic steroid treatment for which currently no therapy is available. Since adiponectin signaling plays key roles in muscle energetics, we assessed if globular adiponectin (gAd) or the small molecule adiponectin mimetic 6-C-β-D-glucopyranosyl-(2S,3S)-(+)-5,7,3',4'-tetrahydroxydihydroflavonol (GTDF) could ameliorate muscle atrophy. Both GTDF and gAd induced C2C12 myoblast differentiation. GTDF and gAd effectively prevented reduction in myotube area and suppressed the expressions of atrophy markers; atrogin-1 and muscle ring finger protein-1 (MuRF1) in models of steroid, cytokine and starvation -induced muscle atrophy...
September 16, 2016: Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology
Nina M Patrick, Chanel A Griggs, Ali L Icenogle, Maryam M Gilpatrick, Vineela Kadiyala, Rosa Jaime-Frias, Catharine L Smith
Small molecule inhibitors of lysine deacetylases (KDACs) are approved for clinical use in treatment of several diseases. Nuclear receptors, such as the glucocorticoid receptor (GR) use lysine acetyltransferases (KATs or HATs) and KDACs to regulate transcription through acetylation and deacetylation of protein targets such as histones. Previously we have shown that KDAC1 activity facilitates GR-activated transcription at about half of all cellular target genes. In the current study we examine the role of Class I KDACs in glucocorticoid-mediated repression of gene expression...
September 16, 2016: Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Carole R Mendelson, Alina P Montalbano, Lu Gao
Preterm birth remains the major cause of neonatal morbidity and mortality throughout the world. This is due, in part, to our incomplete understanding of the mechanisms that underlie the maintenance of pregnancy and the initiation of parturition at term. In this article, we review our current knowledge of the complex, interrelated and concerted mechanisms whereby progesterone maintains myometrial quiescence throughout most of pregnancy, as well as those that mediate the upregulation of the inflammatory response and decline in progesterone receptor function leading to parturition...
September 11, 2016: Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Ko-Hsiu Lu, Pei-Ni Chen, Yi-Hsien Hsieh, Chin-Yin Lin, Fu-Yuan Cheng, Peng-Chou Chiu, Shu-Chen Chu, Yih-Shou Hsieh
Many natural flavonoids have cytostatic and apoptotic properties; however, we little know whether the effect of synthetic 3-hydroxyflavone on metastasis and tumor growth of human osteosarcoma. Here, we tested the hypothesis that 3-hydroxyflavone suppresses human osteosarcoma cells metastasis and tumor growth. 3-hydroxyflavone, up to 50 μM without cytotoxicity, inhibited U2OS and 143B cells motility, invasiveness and migration by reducing matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-2 and urokinase-type plasminogen activator (u-PA) and also impaired cell adhesion to gelatin...
September 4, 2016: Food and Chemical Toxicology
Jing Sun, Wei Jia Sun, Zheng Yang Li, Ling Li, Yue Wang, Yu Zhao, Cong Wang, Li Ren Yu, Ling Zhi Li, Yong Liang Zhang
Daidzein is a major dietary source of isoflavones found in Leguminosae, and belongs to the family of diphenolic compounds. The estrogenic effects of daidzein to prompt bone formation and prevent bone resorption have been observed in animal models and cultured cells. In our study, we studied the effects of daidzein, raloxifene and E2 on expression of the osteoblast-produced bone regulatory factors OPG, RANKL and IL-6 in human osteoblastic MG-63 cells. Results suggest that treatment with daidzein, raloxifene and E2 increased the levels of OPG and decreased those of RANKL and IL-6...
August 27, 2016: International Immunopharmacology
L Pecenova, Robert Farkas
Classical non-peptide hormones, such as steroids, retinoids, thyroid hormones, vitamin D3 and their derivatives including prostaglandins, benzoates, oxysterols, and bile acids, are collectively designated as small lipophilic ligands, acting via binding to the nuclear receptors (NRs). The NRs form a large superfamily of transcription factors that participate virtually in every key biological process. They control various aspects of animal development, fertility, gametogenesis, and numerous metabolic pathways, and can be misregulated in many types of cancers...
July 2016: Endocrine Regulations
Hyun-Myung Choi, Yunu Jung, Jinbong Park, Hye-Lin Kim, Dong-Hyun Youn, JongWook Kang, Mi-Young Jeong, Jong-Hyun Lee, Woong Mo Yang, Seok-Geun Lee, Kwang Seok Ahn, Jae-Young Um
Cinnamomi cortex (dried bark of Cinnamomum verum) is an important drug in Traditional Korean Medicine used to improve blood circulation and Yang Qi. Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is a common chronic disease in aging men. This study was conducted to determine the effect of Cinnamomi cortex water extract (CC) on BPH. BPH was induced by a pre-4-week daily injection of testosterone propionate (TP). Six weeks of further injection with (a) vehicle, (b) TP, (c) TP + CC, (d) TP + finasteride (Fi) was carried on...
2016: Scientific Reports
Hailiang Liu, Preeti Pathak, Shannon Boehme, John Y L Chiang
Cholesterol 7α-hydroxylase (CYP7A1) plays a critical role in control of bile acid and cholesterol homeostasis. Bile acids activate farnesoid X receptor (FXR) and Takeda G protein-coupled receptor 5 (TGR5) to regulate lipid, glucose, and energy metabolism. However, the role of bile acids in hepatic inflammation and fibrosis remains unclear. In this study, we showed that adenovirus-mediated overexpression of Cyp7a1 ameliorated lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced inflammatory cell infiltration and pro-inflammatory cytokine production in WT and TGR5-deficient (Tgr5(-/-)) mice, but not in FXR-deficient (Fxr(-/-)) mice, suggesting that bile acid signaling through FXR protects against hepatic inflammation...
October 2016: Journal of Lipid Research
Tiffany Fleet, Erin Stashi, Bokai Zhu, Kimal Rajapakshe, Kathrina L Marcelo, Nicole M Kettner, Blythe K Gorman, Cristian Coarfa, Loning Fu, Bert W O'Malley, Brian York
Circadian rhythmicity is a fundamental process that synchronizes behavioral cues with metabolic homeostasis. Disruption of daily cycles due to jet lag or shift work results in severe physiological consequences including advanced aging, metabolic syndrome, and even cancer. Our understanding of the molecular clock, which is regulated by intricate positive feedforward and negative feedback loops, has expanded to include an important metabolic transcriptional coregulator, Steroid Receptor Coactivator-2 (SRC-2), that regulates both the central clock of the suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN) and peripheral clocks including the liver...
October 2016: Journal of Biological Rhythms
Zhiheng He, Fei Wang, Jian Ma, Subha Sen, Jing Zhang, Yousang Gwack, Yu Zhou, Zuoming Sun
The transcription factor retinoid acid-related orphan receptor γ t (RORγt) directs the differentiation of Th17 cells. Th17 cells mediate pathological immune responses responsible for autoimmune diseases, including psoriasis and multiple sclerosis. Previous studies focused on RORγt target genes and their function in Th17 differentiation. In this study, we assessed posttranscriptional regulation of RORγt and identified a functional ubiquitination site, K446. Mutation of K446 to arginine to prevent ubiquitination greatly enhanced recruitment of steroid receptor coactivator 1 (SRC1), a coactivator critical for RORγt activity...
August 15, 2016: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
Euihan Jung, Seonghui Jang, Jungmin Lee, Youngmi Kim, Heegwon Shin, Hee-Sung Park, Younghoon Lee
The steroid receptor RNA activator (SRA) is a long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) that acts as a putative coactivator for steroid receptor-mediated transcription. A recent study showed that SRA RNA can be structurally dissected into four domains comprising various secondary structures, but the contribution of each domain to the coactivation ability of SRA RNA was previously unknown. Here, we assessed the functional contributions of the various domains of SRA. We examined the effects of each domain on the coactivation of estrogen receptor-α (ERα)-mediated transcription of a luciferase reporter gene in HeLa cells...
October 2016: Molecular Biology Reports
Zichu Zhao, Xia Zhang, Lu Wen, Sha Yi, Jingyu Hu, Jun Ruan, Fei Zhao, Guohui Cui, Jun Fang, Yan Chen
Gambogic acid (GA), the active ingredient from gamboges, has been verified as a potent anti-tumor agent in many cancer cells. Nevertheless, its function in lymphoma, especially in B-cell Non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL), remains unclear. Amplification and/or overexpression of steroid receptor coactivator-3 (SRC-3) have been detected in multiple tumors and have confirmed its critical roles in carcinogenesis, progression, metastasis and therapy resistance in these cancers. However, no clinical data have revealed the overexpression of SRC-3 and its role in B-cell NHL...
October 15, 2016: European Journal of Pharmacology
Kathryn F Cunningham, Gyda C Beeson, Craig C Beeson, Paul J McDermott
UNLABELLED: Estrogen-related Receptors (ERR) are members of the steroid hormone receptor superfamily of transcription factors that regulate expression of genes required for energy metabolism including mitochondrial biogenesis, fatty acid oxidation and oxidative phosphorylation. While ERRα and EPPγ isoforms are known to share a wide array of target genes in the adult myocardium, the function of ERRβ has not been characterized in cardiomyocytes. The purpose of this study was to determine the role of ERRβ in regulating energy metabolism in adult cardiomyocytes in primary culture...
2016: American Journal of Cardiovascular Disease
Marcela A Bennesch, Gregory Segala, Diana Wider, Didier Picard
The estrogen receptor α (ERα) is a transcription factor that can be directly activated by estrogen or indirectly by other signaling pathways. We previously reported that activation of the unliganded ERα by cAMP is mediated by phosphorylation of the transcriptional coactivator CARM1 by protein kinase A (PKA), allowing CARM1 to bind ERα directly. This being insufficient by itself to activate ERα, we looked for additional factors and identified the histone H3 demethylase LSD1 as a substrate of PKA and an important mediator of this signaling crosstalk as well as of the response to estrogen...
June 20, 2016: Nucleic Acids Research
Chan Liu, Hong-Tao Wu, Neng Zhu, Ya-Ning Shi, Zheng Liu, Bao-Xue Ao, Duan-Fang Liao, Xi-Long Zheng, Li Qin
Steroid receptor RNA activator (SRA) is a type of long noncoding RNA (lncRNA) which coordinates the functions of various transcription factors, enhances steroid receptor-dependent gene expression, and also serves as a distinct scaffold. The novel, profound and expanded roles of SRA are emerging in critical aspects of coactivation of nuclear receptors (NRs). As a nuclear receptor coactivator, SRA can coactivate androgen receptor (AR), estrogen receptor α (ERα), ERβ, progesterone receptor (PR), glucocorticoid receptor (GR), thyroid hormone receptor and retinoic acid receptor (RAR)...
August 1, 2016: Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry
Elin M Grissom, Jill M Daniel
In the absence of ovarian estrogens, increased levels of estrogen receptor (ER)α in the hippocampus are associated with improvements in cognition. In vitro evidence indicates that under conditions of low estrogen, growth factors, including Insulin-Like Growth Factor 1 (IGF-1), can activate ERα and regulate ERα-mediated transcription through mechanisms that likely involve modification of phosphorylation sites on the receptor. The goal of the current work was to investigate a role for IGF-1 in ligand-independent activation of ERα in the hippocampus of female rats...
August 2016: Endocrinology
Mariam Mansour, Sue Haupt, Ai-Leen Chan, Nathan Godde, Alexandra Rizzitelli, Sherene Loi, Franco Caramia, Siddhartha Deb, Elena A Takano, Mark Bishton, Cameron Johnstone, Brendon Monahan, Yarra Levav-Cohen, Yong-Hui Jiang, Alpha S Yap, Stephen Fox, Ora Bernard, Robin Anderson, Ygal Haupt
Metastatic disease is the major cause of breast cancer-related death and despite many advances, current therapies are rarely curative. Tumor cell migration and invasion require actin cytoskeletal reorganization to endow cells with capacity to disseminate and initiate the formation of secondary tumors. However, it is still unclear how these migratory cells colonize distant tissues to form macrometastases. The E6-associated protein, E6AP, acts both as an E3 ubiquitin-protein ligase and as a coactivator of steroid hormone receptors...
July 15, 2016: Cancer Research
Claire A Hudson, Craig A McArdle, Andrés López Bernal
STUDY HYPOTHESIS: Steroid receptor coactivator interacting protein (SIP/KANK2) is involved in regulating the expression of the prostaglandin (PG)-endoperoxide synthase 2 (PTGS2; also known as cyclo-oxygenase 2, COX2) and PG release in human myometrium. STUDY FINDING: SIP is phosphorylated in myometrial cells in response to epidermal growth factor (EGF)-stimulation and is required for EGF-stimulated increases in COX2 expression, PGE2 and PGF2α release, and expression of interleukins (IL) 6 and IL8...
July 2016: Molecular Human Reproduction
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