keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Sport concussion

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641105/it-s-not-all-fun-and-games-sports-concussions-and-neuroscience
#1
Christopher C Giza, Mayumi L Prins, David A Hovda
Few items grab the public's attention like sports, from extremes of great victory to injury and defeat. No injury currently arouses stronger interest than concussion. Giza et al., discuss how neuroscience can provide balance between physical activity and TBI, and guide thoughtful discourse and policy.
June 21, 2017: Neuron
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637118/asymptomatic-chiari-type-i-malformation-should-patients-be-advised-against-participation-in-contact-sports
#2
Robert Spencer, Paul Leach
BACKGROUND: Chiari type I malformation (CM-I) is characterised by caudal displacement of the cerebellar tonsils through the foramen magnum, crowding the craniocervical junction. It is being increasingly diagnosed in asymptomatic patients due to the widespread availability of MRI, and there are case reports of these patients suffering sudden death or neurological injury following head or neck trauma, raising the issue of whether they should be prohibited from contact sport participation, given the likelihood of frequent trauma...
March 2, 2017: British Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627298/a-prospective-transcranial-doppler-ultrasound-based-evaluation-of-the-acute-and-cumulative-effects-of-sport-related-concussion-on-neurovascular-coupling-response-dynamics
#3
Alexander D Wright, Jonathan D Smirl, Kelsey Bryk, Paul van Donkelaar
Sport-related concussion has been shown to alter cerebral blood flow (CBF) both acutely and chronically, and may exert cumulative effects across multiple injuries. Such dysfunction may be mediated by trauma-induced deficits to CBF control mechanisms, though our understanding of these effects is limited, including dynamics of neurovascular coupling (NVC) responses (i.e. CBF responses to neurologic demand). 179 junior-level contact sport athletes completed preseason testing - 42 reported never having experienced a concussion (Hx-) while 31 had endured three or more (Hx3+)...
June 18, 2017: Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626873/assessing-prefrontal-cortex-oxygenation-after-sport-concussion-with-near-infrared-spectroscopy
#4
Scott A Bishop, J Patrick Neary
BACKGROUND: Clinicians typically rely on neuropsychological and balance tests to track concussion recovery. The aforementioned tests imply impairments that are based on performance, but these tests do not directly measure brain physiology throughout concussion recovery. Because of these issues, an objective biomarker that can index severity and the recovery timeline is needed. Moreover, the number of concussions occurring at a recreational level requires the biomarker to be easily administered in a cost effective manner, and the results easily interpreted...
June 18, 2017: Clinical Physiology and Functional Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622488/dizziness-unsteadiness-visual-disturbances-and-sensorimotor-control-in-traumatic-neck-pain
#5
Julia Treleaven
Synopsis There is considerable evidence to support the importance of cervical afferent dysfunction in the development of dizziness, unsteadiness, visual disturbances and altered balance, eye, and head movement control following neck trauma, especially in those with persistent symptoms. However, there are other possible causes for these symptoms and secondary adaptive changes should also be considered in the process of differential diagnosis. Understanding the nature of these symptoms and the differential diagnosis of their potential origin is important for rehabilitation...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622025/comparison-of-concussion-rates-between-ncaa-division-i-and-division-iii-men-s-and-women-s-ice-hockey-players
#6
John M Rosene, Bryan Raksnis, Brie Silva, Tyler Woefel, Paul S Visich, Thomas P Dompier, Zachary Y Kerr
BACKGROUND: Examinations related to divisional differences in the incidence of sports-related concussions (SRC) in collegiate ice hockey are limited. PURPOSE: To compare the epidemiologic patterns of concussion in National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) ice hockey by sex and division. STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive epidemiology study. METHODS: A convenience sample of men's and women's ice hockey teams in Divisions I and III provided SRC data via the NCAA Injury Surveillance Program during the 2009-2010 to 2014-2015 academic years...
June 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615996/international-society-of-sports-nutrition-position-stand-safety-and-efficacy-of-creatine-supplementation-in-exercise-sport-and-medicine
#7
REVIEW
Richard B Kreider, Douglas S Kalman, Jose Antonio, Tim N Ziegenfuss, Robert Wildman, Rick Collins, Darren G Candow, Susan M Kleiner, Anthony L Almada, Hector L Lopez
Creatine is one of the most popular nutritional ergogenic aids for athletes. Studies have consistently shown that creatine supplementation increases intramuscular creatine concentrations which may help explain the observed improvements in high intensity exercise performance leading to greater training adaptations. In addition to athletic and exercise improvement, research has shown that creatine supplementation may enhance post-exercise recovery, injury prevention, thermoregulation, rehabilitation, and concussion and/or spinal cord neuroprotection...
2017: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614998/a-season-of-american-football-is-not-associated-with-changes-in-plasma-tau
#8
Jonathan Oliver, Margaret Jones, Anthony Anzalone, Michele Kirk, David Gable, Justin Repshas, Torie Johnson, Kina Hogland, Kaj Blennow, Henrik Zetterberg
American football athletes are routinely exposed to sub-concussive impacts over the course of the season. This study sought to examine the effect of a season of American football on plasma tau, a potential marker of axonal damage. Nineteen (n =19) National Collegiate Association (NCAA) American football athletes underwent serial blood sampling over the course of the 2014-2015 season at those times in which the number and magnitude of head impacts likely changed. Non-contact, sport-control, NCAA men's swim athletes (n=19) provided a single plasma sample for comparison...
June 14, 2017: Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601422/exposure-to-surgery-and-anesthesia-after-concussion-due-to-mild-traumatic-brain-injury
#9
Arnoley S Abcejo, Rodolfo Savica, William L Lanier, Jeffrey J Pasternak
OBJECTIVE: To describe the epidemiology of surgical and anesthetic procedures in patients recently diagnosed as having a concussion due to mild traumatic brain injury. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Study patients presented to a tertiary care center after a concussion due to mild traumatic brain injury from July 1, 2005, through June 30, 2015, and underwent a surgical procedure and anesthesia support under the direct or indirect care of a physician anesthesiologist. RESULTS: During the study period, 1038 patients met all the study inclusion criteria and subsequently received 1820 anesthetics...
June 7, 2017: Mayo Clinic Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594529/concussion-in-sports-what-do-orthopaedic-surgeons-need-to-know
#10
Patrick J Cahill, Christian Refakis, Eileen Storey, William C Warner
A concussion is a relatively common sports-related injury that affects athletes of all ages. Although not expected to replace sports medicine physicians and neurologists with regard to the management of concussions, orthopaedic surgeons, particularly those who are fellowship-trained in sports medicine, must have a current knowledge base of what a concussion is, how a concussion is diagnosed, and how a concussion should be managed. Orthopaedic surgeons should understand the pathophysiology, assessment, and management of concussion so that they have a basic comprehension of this injury that is at the forefront of the academic literature and North American media...
February 15, 2017: Instructional Course Lectures
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585486/narrative-literature-review-health-activity-and-participation-issues-for-women-following-traumatic-brain-injury
#11
Kate O'Reilly, Nathan Wilson, Kath Peters
OBJECTIVE: This narrative review will draw attention to the current limitations within the literature related to women following traumatic brain injury in order to stimulate discussion and inform future directions for research. BACKGROUND: There is a wide-ranging body of research about traumatic brain injury with the higher incidence of brain injury among males reflected in this body of work. As a result, the specific gendered issues facing women with traumatic brain injury are not as well understood...
June 6, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28570384/team-logo-predicts-concussion-risk-lessons-in-protecting-a-vulnerable-sports-community-from-misconceived-but-highly-publicized-epidemiologic-research
#12
James M Smoliga, Gerald S Zavorsky
BACKGROUND: Observational research has linked altitude to concussion risk, but the physiologic and epidemiologic bases for this association remain questionable. METHODS: We performed a retrospective cohort study by analyzing four seasons of NFL data from a widely used database (Concussion Watch) to determine if previous claims that altitude ≥196m reduced concussion risk were replicable and whether an arbitrary predictor variable (animal vs. non-animal team logo) was related to concussion risk...
May 31, 2017: Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566342/predictors-of-clinical-recovery-from-concussion-a-systematic-review
#13
REVIEW
Grant L Iverson, Andrew J Gardner, Douglas P Terry, Jennie L Ponsford, Allen K Sills, Donna K Broshek, Gary S Solomon
OBJECTIVE: A systematic review of factors that might be associated with, or influence, clinical recovery from sport-related concussion. Clinical recovery was defined functionally as a return to normal activities, including school and sports, following injury. DESIGN: Systematic review. DATA SOURCES: PubMed, PsycINFO, MEDLINE, CINAHL, Cochrane Library, EMBASE, SPORTDiscus, Scopus and Web of Science. ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA FOR SELECTING STUDIES: Studies published by June of 2016 that addressed clinical recovery from concussion...
June 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28561626/sex-differences-in-high-school-athletes-knowledge-of-sport-related-concussion-symptoms-and-reporting-behaviors
#14
Jessica Wallace, Tracey Covassin, Erica Beidler
CONTEXT: Recent researchers have reported that athletes' knowledge of sport-related concussion (SRC) has increased but that athletes still lack knowledge of all the signs and symptoms of SRC. Understanding the signs and symptoms of SRC and the dangers of playing while symptomatic are critical to reporting behaviors in high school athletes. OBJECTIVE: To examine sex differences in knowledge of SRC symptoms and reasons for not reporting a suspected SRC to an authoritative figure in high school athletes...
May 31, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560540/post-traumatic-headache-the-use-of-the-sport-concussion-assessment-tool-scat-3-as-a-predictor-of-post-concussion-recovery
#15
Olivia Begasse de Dhaem, William B Barr, Laura J Balcer, Steven L Galetta, Mia T Minen
BACKGROUND: Given that post-traumatic headache is one of the most prevalent and long-lasting post-concussion sequelae, causes significant morbidity, and might be associated with slower neurocognitive recovery, we sought to evaluate the use of concussion screening scores in a concussion clinic population to assess for post-traumatic headache. METHODS: This is a retrospective cross-sectional study of 254 concussion patients from the New York University (NYU) Concussion Registry...
December 2017: Journal of Headache and Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28556431/white-matter-microstructure-in-athletes-with-a-history-of-concussion-comparing-diffusion-tensor-imaging-dti-and-neurite-orientation-dispersion-and-density-imaging-noddi
#16
Nathan W Churchill, Eduardo Caverzasi, Simon J Graham, Michael G Hutchison, Tom A Schweizer
Sport concussion is associated with disturbances in brain function in the absence of gross anatomical lesions, and may have long-term health consequences. Diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) methods provide a powerful tool for investigating alterations in white matter microstructure reflecting the long-term effects of concussion. In a previous study, diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) showed that athletes with a history of concussion had elevated fractional anisotropy (FA) and reduced mean diffusivity (MD) parameters...
May 29, 2017: Human Brain Mapping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544811/differential-protein-expression-in-exosomal-samples-taken-from-trauma-patients
#17
Ron B Moyron, Amber Gonda, Matthew J Selleck, Xian Luo-Owen, Richard D Catalano, Thomas O'Callahan, Carlos Garberoglio, David Turay, Nathan R Wall
Traumatic Brain Injuries (TBI) are among the most misdiagnosed and underreported types of head trauma. The potential long-term impact of undiagnosed or incorrectly identified concussions and other head injuries are potentially devastating, as evidenced by the increasing societal burden exhibited by soldiers returning from combat and athletes in contact sports. Concussions and TBI are notoriously difficult to correctly diagnose and prognosis for these injuries is poorly understood. In order to increase the likelihood of successful diagnosis, treatment, and prediction of outcomes, a definitive differential diagnosis will need to be established...
May 25, 2017: Proteomics. Clinical Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541413/the-influence-of-the-apolipoprotein-e-apoe-gene-on-subacute-post-concussion-neurocognitive-performance-in-college-athletes
#18
Victoria C Merritt, Amanda R Rabinowitz, Peter A Arnett
Objective: The purpose of this study was to determine whether the ε4 allele of the APOE gene influences neurocognitive outcome following sports-related concussion. It was hypothesized that participants with an ε4 allele would show poorer neurocognitive performance and greater neurocognitive variability than those without an ε4 allele. Method: Participants included 57 concussed collegiate athletes (77.2% male) who participated in a concussion management program at a large university...
May 24, 2017: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540042/factors-affecting-the-concussion-knowledge-of-athletes-parents-coaches-and-medical-professionals
#19
Michael D Cusimano, Stanley Zhang, Jane Topolovec-Vranic, Michael G Hutchison, Rowan Jing
OBJECTIVES: To determine the predictors of knowledge and awareness of concussion symptoms and outcomes through a survey of athletes, parents of players and coaches in sports settings in Canada. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey of athletic communities in Canada was conducted. Respondents' concussion knowledge score consists of responses to questions about the symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment of a concussion and the timing of return-to-sport post-concussion. The percentage of correct responses was defined as the "identification rate...
2017: SAGE Open Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535099/do-sideline-concussion-assessments-predict-subsequent-neurocognitive-impairment-after-sport-related-concussion
#20
Alicia Sufrinko, Jamie McAllister-Deitrick, Melissa Womble, Anthony Kontos
CONTEXT:   Comprehensive, multi-domain assessment is the standard of care after sport-related concussion. However, the relationship between performance on sideline concussion-assessment tools and in-office computerized neurocognitive testing has received little attention, and the prognostic utility of sideline measures is unknown. OBJECTIVE:   To evaluate concurrent impairment on commonly used concussion measures 24 to 48 hours postinjury while also determining the predictive utility of sideline measures on computerized neurocognitive testing in the acute to subacute recovery periods postinjury...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
keyword
keyword
43967
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"