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psychosomatic treatment

V E Radzinskii, I V Kuznetsova, Y B Uspenskaya, N B Repina, Y K Gusak, O M Zubova, D I Burchakov, A A Osmakova
Peri- and postmenopausal women commonly suffer from climacteric symptoms. We evaluated the effectiveness and safety of dietary supplement Amberen to relieve vasomotor and psychosomatic symptoms during the course of a 3-month, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study. General clinical assessment, evaluation using the Greene climacteric test and Spielberger-Hanin test, determination of plasma levels of gonadotropins, estradiol, leptin and apolipoproteins were used to evaluate 42-60-year-old women with vasomotor and psychosomatic menopausal symptoms...
October 2016: Gynecological Endocrinology
Julia Schellong, Franziska Epple, Kerstin Weidner, Andrea Möllering
A non-neglectable portion of people that have fled to Germany have been subjected to expulsion, violence, torture and grave human loss. In some of them, signs of secondary mental problems are obvious. In the light of the efforts at integration, these diseases must not be neglected. Outlined are the federal legal requirements and how the cost coverage, as well as the admission to health care system, is structured. Additionally, 2 exemplary regional models for psychosomatic health care are being introduced: Dresden's "Stepped Care Model for Psychologically Vulnerable Refugees" includes phased offers for prevention and treatment of acute mental crises, as well as somatoform disorders in refugees and their volunteer helpers...
October 17, 2016: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
Olga Pollatos, Beate M Herbert, Götz Berberich, Michael Zaudig, Till Krauseneck, Manos Tsakiris
Background: Interoceptive abilities are known to be affected in anorexia nervosa (AN). Previous studies could show that private self-focus can enhance interoceptive accuracy (IAcc) in healthy participants. As body dissatisfaction is high in AN, confrontation with bodily features such as the own face might have a directly opposed effect in AN. Whether patients with AN can benefit from self-focus in their IAcc and whether this pattern changes over the time-course of cognitive behavioral therapy was investigated in this study...
2016: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
Yngvild S Danielsen, Guro Årdal Rekkedal, Stein Frostad, Ute Kessler
BACKGROUND: Anorexia nervosa (AN) is a debilitating psychiatric disorder associated with a wide array of negative health complications and psychiatric comorbidity. Existing evidence for AN treatment in adults is weak, and no empirically supported treatment has been reliably established. The primary objective of this study is to gain knowledge about the effectiveness of enhanced cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT-E) for anorexia nervosa delivered in a public hospital setting. Baseline predictors of treatment outcome and dropout are studied...
October 5, 2016: BMC Psychiatry
Anna Levke Brütt, Julia Luise Magaard, Sylke Andreas, Holger Schulz
OBJECTIVE: Psychosomatic inpatient rehabilitation aims at promoting functioning in patients with mental disorders. Although generally effective, some patients do not benefit from this rehabilitation and suffer from symptoms as well as functional impairment. This study aimed to identify patient-reported factors influencing activity and participation outcomes. SUBJECT AND METHODS: Five focus groups with N=23 former psychosomatic rehabilitation inpatients were conducted...
2016: Patient Preference and Adherence
Trine Eilenberg
Health anxiety is prevalent (5-9%) in all healthcare settings and in the general population, may have an early onset, and a poor prognosis is seen in severe cases if untreated. Research shows that health anxiety is rarely diagnosed though it causes great suffering for the individual and constitutes a substantial socio-economic burden. Studies have shown that individual cognitive behavioural therapy can relieve health anxiety, but these studies are affected by methodological problems, among others, struggling with patients declining participation, high dropout rates, and some patients not responding to the treatment...
October 2016: Danish Medical Journal
H Schaaf, S Weiß, G Hesse
Treating tinnitus with the resources offered in hospitals can become necessary for patients suffering from complex tinnitus if a high symptom severity, usually accompanied by a corresponding psychosomatic comorbidity, is present. For such costly therapies, for example, the neuro-otologic psychosomatic tinnitus therapy (NPT) examined here, the long-term effect is particularly important; however, reliable catamnesis studies for inpatient treatments are not yet available. Data from 169 (from a total of 327 contacted) inpatients suffering from complex tinnitus were analysed here...
September 28, 2016: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
Emin Mehmet Ceylan, Bariş Önen Ünsalver, Alper Evrensel
Meningiomas are mostly benign tumors of the meninges that may stay clinically silent or present first with psychiatric symptoms only. We present a case of medial cranial fossa meningioma that was first diagnosed as mixed anxiety disorder with dissociative symptoms and vertigo. In light of the intact neurological and vestibular system examination, our patient's vertigo and depersonalization were firstly addressed as psychosomatic symptoms of the psychiatric syndrome. Despite decreased anxiety and improved mood, dissociative symptoms and vertigo were resistant to treatment which prompted further research yielding a left hemisphere localized meningioma...
2016: Case Reports in Psychiatry
Basil Garo-Falides, Thomas William Wainwright
Acute or chronic abdominal pain can be mimicked by thoracic spine dysfunction. However, it is comparatively rare and there is frequently a delay in its diagnosis that may lead to unnecessary surgery, or the patient's symptoms being undiagnosed or labelled psychosomatic. The failure to associate thoracic spine dysfunction with abdominal pain persists, despite it being first recognised over 80 years ago. 2 recent such cases are presented. The clinical presentation and diagnostic tests are described, with clear explanation of the treatment and outcome...
2016: BMJ Case Reports
K Stengler, J Rauschenbach, S G Riedel-Heller, T Becker, I Steinhart, G Gerlinger, I Hauth
Working and living for persons with mental illnesses are a major concern of rehabilitative psychiatry. In Germany the definition of rehabilitation for persons with mental illnesses is closely linked to different sectors of social welfare and to the strongly organized supply chain of prevention, acute treatment, rehabilitation and care. In successfully supporting people with mental health problems in terms of vocational integration, professionals face various obstacles. Besides finding the correct content, structural and organizational difficulties can also arise...
September 20, 2016: Der Nervenarzt
M Surmann, E M Bock, E Krey, K Burmeister, V Arolt, R Lencer
The use of modern communication and information technology in the health sector, known as eHealth, has the potential to reduce gaps in psychiatric and psychotherapeutic healthcare. In order to successfully implement eHealth it is important to assess the attitude of all stakeholders. The attitude of the patients towards eHealth has been frequently investigated but there is a lack of research on the side of the professionals. The attitude towards eHealth from the perspective of professionals has only rarely been evaluated in German-speaking countries; therefore, we carried out a survey at the German Association for Psychiatry, Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics (DGPPN) congress in 2014 that included 282 psychiatrists, neurologists and psychologists in order to explore their attitudes towards eHealth ...
September 14, 2016: Der Nervenarzt
Abhineetha Hosthota, Swapna Bondade, Vinay Basavaraja
The psychological impact of acne is determined by various factors including age, sex, personality, grade of disease, scarring, and environmental and ethnic background. Apart from managing the clinical manifestations of acne, clinicians also have to deal with the psychological aspects of the disease by assessing patients' quality of life (QOL) and self-esteem. These measures will aid in better management of acne patients. This study examined the relationship between acne and QOL and self-esteem. The results showed that acne severity may have a considerable adverse impact on QOL and self-esteem...
August 2016: Cutis; Cutaneous Medicine for the Practitioner
A A De Graaff, J Van Lankveld, L J Smits, J J Van Beek, G A J Dunselman
STUDY QUESTION: To what extent are endometriosis and its related physical and mental symptoms associated with the perceived level of sexual functioning in women and their male partners? SUMMARY ANSWER: Dyspareunia and depressive symptoms are associated with impaired sexual functioning in women with endometriosis, whereas sexual functioning in their male partners is not affected. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Women with endometriosis suffer from more dyspareunia, lower sexual functioning, and lower quality of life...
September 12, 2016: Human Reproduction
Bernward Schröder, Steffen Fleßa
Objective: The study looked at the impact that the switch from a reimbursement system with hospital per diem charges to a regional budget had on treatment. Methods: Routine data from two clinics over a period of ten years were evaluated. Results: Treatment took place in day clinics and on an outpatient basis to an increased extent after the change. Conclusion: The change in reimbursement system was the cause of the change in treatment. Since similar effects can also be expected when switching from the new reimbursement system for psychiatry and psychosomatic medicine to a regional budget system, regional budgets are a reasonable alternative...
September 12, 2016: Psychiatrische Praxis
Thomas Zimmermann, Egina Puschmann, Hendrik van den Bussche, Birgitt Wiese, Annette Ernst, Sarah Porzelt, Anne Daubmann, Martin Scherer
BACKGROUND: Collaborative, nurse-led care is a well-established model of ambulatory care in many healthcare systems. Nurses play a key role in managing patients' conditions as well as in enhancing symptom- and self-management skills. OBJECTIVE: The SMADS trial evaluated the effectiveness of a primary care-based, nurse-led, complex intervention to promote self-management in patients with anxiety, depressive or somatic symptoms. Change in self-efficacy 12 months post baseline was used as the primary outcome...
November 2016: International Journal of Nursing Studies
Vikas Menon, Balasubramanian Shanmuganathan, Anand Babu Arun, Jaiganesh Selvapandian Thamizh, Nivedhitha Selvakumar, Siddharth Sarkar
BACKGROUND: Knowledge about subjective perceptions and explanatory models has the potential to inform clinical evaluation and lead to development of patient-friendly treatment models in medically unexplained physical symptoms (MUPS). AIM: To collect qualitative data about explanatory models in MUPS. METHODS: A cross-sectional observational study was done among patients with MUPS presenting over a 2-year period to a specialty psychosomatic clinic...
September 8, 2016: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
Marie Angélique De Scheerder, Sylvie Rottey, An Mariman, Marleen Praet, Dirk Vogelaers
We describe a 43-year-old patient with subacute appearance of neurological and atypical complaints of anergia, anorexia and weight loss six months earlier. In spite of several admissions in different hospitals, no underlying somatic cause could be found and he was admitted to a psychiatric hospital with a tentative diagnosis of major depressive disorder. Subsequently, he was referred to the unit of medically unexplained physical symptoms within the department of general internal medicine for assessment by the psychiatrist, involved in this programme...
September 2, 2016: Acta Clinica Belgica
S Pawils, F Metzner, C Wendt, S Raus, M Shedden-Mora, O Wlodarczyk, M Härter
THEORETICAL BACKGROUND AND CURRENT ISSUES: For the sake of pre-emptive child protection it is necessary to recognise signs of postpartum depression (PPD) in pregnant women and young mothers as early as possible and to initiate adequate assistance. Because of their high acceptance, especially in the phases of pregnancy and birth, the local gynaecologists offer ideal prerequisites for access to the parents. This study evaluates the current status of diagnosis and management of PPD in gynaecological practices...
August 2016: Geburtshilfe und Frauenheilkunde
K Radenbach, J Retzlik, S H Meyer-Rötz, C Wolff-Menzler, J Wolff, H Esselmann, F Godemann, M Riemenschneider, J Wiltfang, F Jessen
BACKGROUND: Dementia is of increasing medical and societal relevance. Hospitalization of dementia patients is mostly due to behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD). There is a need for sufficient qualified personnel in hospitals in order to be able to effectively treat these symptoms. OBJECTIVES: This study aims at identifying the personnel requirements for guideline-conform, evidence-based inpatient treatment concepts for patients with BPSD and to compare these with the resources defined by the German psychiatric personnel regulations (Psych-PV)...
August 31, 2016: Der Nervenarzt
Fanmin Zeng, Xueli Sun, Bangxiang Yang, Hong Shen, Ling Liu
OBJECTIVE: This article adopts the perspective of psychosomatic medicine to present and test a theoretical model of the classification of clinical somatic symptoms. The theoretical model consists of four dimensions: emotional somatic symptoms, biological somatic symptoms, imaginative somatic symptoms, and cognitive somatic symptoms. METHOD: A clinical somatic symptom classification scale was developed according to the theoretical model. A total of 542 participants completed the clinical somatic symptoms classification scale...
2016: PloS One
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