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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529492/depression-in-men-and-women-one-year-following-traumatic-brain-injury-tbi-a-tbi-model-systems-study
#1
Sarah Lavoie, Samantha Sechrist, Nhung Quach, Reza Ehsanian, Thao Duong, Ian H Gotlib, Linda Isaac
In the general population, females experience depression at significantly higher rates than males. Individuals with traumatic brain injury (TBI) are at substantially greater risk for depression compared to the overall population. Treatment of, and recovery from, TBI can be hindered by depression; comorbid TBI and depression can lead to adverse outcomes and negatively affect multiple aspects of individuals' lives. Gender differences in depression following TBI are not well understood, and relevant empirical findings have been mixed...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529479/in-patients-undergoing-cochlear-implantation-psychological-burden-affects-tinnitus-and-the-overall-outcome-of-auditory-rehabilitation
#2
Petra Brüggemann, Agnieszka J Szczepek, Katharina Klee, Stefan Gräbel, Birgit Mazurek, Heidi Olze
Cochlear implantation (CI) is increasingly being used in the auditory rehabilitation of deaf patients. Here, we investigated whether the auditory rehabilitation can be influenced by the psychological burden caused by mental conditions. Our sample included 47 patients who underwent implantation. All patients were monitored before and 6 months after CI. Auditory performance was assessed using the Oldenburg Inventory (OI) and Freiburg monosyllable (FB MS) speech discrimination test. The health-related quality of life was measured with Nijmegen Cochlear implantation Questionnaire (NCIQ) whereas tinnitus-related distress was measured with the German version of Tinnitus Questionnaire (TQ)...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515933/evaluation-of-a-multiprofessional-nonsurgical-obesity-treatment-program-which-parameters-indicated-life-style-changes-and-weight-loss
#3
Pjanic, Roland Müller, Markus Laimer, Niels Hagenbuch, Kurt Laederach, Zeno Stanga
BACKGROUND: According to the current evidence, behavior modifications are an effective part of a non-surgical multiprofessional obesity treatment program (MOTP). The purpose of the present study was to report changes in weight as well in psychological variables during a one year MOTP. We aimed to identify the associations of emotional state and patients' emotion regulation skills with weight change. METHODS: Prospective interventional study. Data of participants attending the one year obesity treatment in either a group or individual structured MOTP were analyzed...
2017: Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511827/psychosomatic-aspects-of-vitiligo
#4
Felipe Cupertino, João Paulo Niemeyer-Corbellini, Marcia Ramos-E-Silva
Vitiligo is a chronic common skin disease. The asymptomatic hypopigmented cutaneous lesions are considered by many health care professionals as a cosmetic problem only; however, vitiligo can have a major psychosocial impact on patients' lives. We review some of the factors responsible for this impact, such as the general public's wrong perception of the disease, feelings and emotional responses from patients, how stressful events can act as triggers of the disease, stigmatization experiences suffered by the patients, the prevalence of psychiatric morbidity, the effects on relationships and sex life, how quality of life in adults and children is impaired, and how treatment can improve it...
May 2017: Clinics in Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511822/posttraumatic-stress-disorder-ptsd-and-the-dermatology-patient
#5
Madhulika A Gupta, Patricia Jarosz, Aditya K Gupta
Dermatologic symptoms can be associated with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in several situations: (1) as features of some core PTSD symptoms, such as intrusion symptoms manifesting as cutaneous sensory flashbacks, as autonomic arousal manifesting as night sweats and idiopathic urticaria, and as dissociation manifesting as numbness and dermatitis artefacta; (2) the cutaneous psychosomatic effects of emotional and physical neglect and sexual abuse (eg, infantile eczema, cutaneous self-injury, and body-focused repetitive behaviors such as trichotillomania and skin picking disorder) and eating disorders, which can have dermatologic effects; (3) the direct effect of physical or sexual abuse or catastrophic life events (eg, earthquakes) on the skin; and (4) as a result of significant alterations in hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal and sympatho-adrenal medullary axes, which can affect neuroendocrine and immune functions, and can lead to exacerbations of stress-reactive inflammatory dermatoses such as psoriasis, chronic urticaria, and atopic dermatitis...
May 2017: Clinics in Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511242/-depression-and-comorbid-personality-disorder-effectiveness-of-psychodynamic-inpatient-psychotherapy
#6
Daniel Seidler, Ralf Schäfer, Dörte Jenett, Norbert Hartkamp, Matthias Franz
Objectives Depression is one of the most common illnesses. The effectiveness of psychodynamic psychotherapy on depressive symptom load has been demonstrated. However, for patients suffering from comorbid personality disorder (PD) a decreased benefit has been reported, as well as fewer rates of remission and extended duration of remission. However, findings are inconsistent. The objective of this study was to determine potential differences in therapy-outcome comparing female patients with and without comorbid PD...
May 16, 2017: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481893/evaluation-of-a-transdiagnostic-psychodynamic-online-intervention-to-support-return-to-work-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Rüdiger Zwerenz, Jan Becker, Katharina Gerzymisch, Martin Siepmann, Martin Holme, Ulrich Kiwus, Sieglinde Spörl-Dönch, Manfred E Beutel
OBJECTIVES: Given their flexibility, online interventions may be useful as an outpatient treatment option to support vocational reintegration after inpatient rehabilitation. To that purpose we devised a transdiagnostic psychodynamic online intervention to facilitate return to work, focusing on interpersonal conflicts at the workplace often responsible for work-related stress. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: In a randomized controlled trial, we included employed patients from cardiologic, psychosomatic and orthopedic rehabilitation with work-related stress or need for support at intake to inpatient rehabilitation after they had given written consent to take part in the study...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460285/rate-and-predictors-of-negative-effects-of-psychotherapy-in-psychiatric-and-psychosomatic-inpatients
#8
Julia Rheker, Sylvia Beisel, Svenja Kräling, Winfried Rief
Studies examining the rates of negative effects of psychotherapy are rare and the reported rates differ widely. To be able to calculate adequate benefit-cost ratios in conjunction with different samples and settings, we need a deeper understanding of these effects. We therefore investigated whether different treatment settings would reveal varying rates and kinds of negative effects by recruiting patients from a psychiatric (n=93) and a psychosomatic rehabilitation (n=63) hospital. Negative effects of psychotherapy were assessed with the Inventory for the Assessment of Negative Effects of Psychotherapy post-treatment...
April 23, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439723/psychiatric-comorbidity-in-alcohol-use-disorders-results-from-the-german-s3-guidelines
#9
REVIEW
U W Preuss, E Gouzoulis-Mayfrank, U Havemann-Reinecke, I Schäfer, M Beutel, E Hoch, K F Mann
Alcohol use disorders (AUD) have a high comorbidity with mental disorders. Vice versa, alcohol consumption plays an important role in affective disorders, anxiety disorders, ADHD, schizophrenic psychosis, and other mental disorders. In developing the current interdisciplinary, evidence-based treatment guideline on screening, diagnostics, and treatment of AUD, available research on comorbid mental diseases in AUD has been compiled to generate recommendations for treatment. The guideline was prepared under the responsibility of the German Association for Psychiatry, Psychotherapy, and Psychosomatics (DGPPN) and the German Association for Addiction Research and Therapy (DG-Sucht)...
April 24, 2017: European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391547/drawing-invisible-wounds-war-comics-and-the-treatment-of-trauma
#10
Joshua M Leone
Since the Vietnam War, graphic novels about war have shifted from simply representing it to portraying avenues for survivors to establish psychological wellness in their lives following traumatic events. While modern diagnostic medicine often looks to science, technology, and medications to treat the psychosomatic damage produced by trauma, my article examines the therapeutic potential of the comics medium with close attention to war comics. Graphic novels draw trauma in a different light: because of the medium's particular combination of words and images in sequence, war comics represent that which is typically unrepresentable, and these books serve as useful tools to promote healing among the psychologically wounded...
April 8, 2017: Journal of Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28361166/-the-first-mental-health-act-in-china-2013-an%C3%A2-historical-step-towards-human-rights
#11
X Zhao
In the past, the mentally ill used to be relentlessly stigmatized and their basic needs grossly neglected in China. Only the coastal cities with their Western oriented universities provided Western type mental healthcare. In general, traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) embracing medicinal herbs and acupuncture was practiced. Mental hospitals were non-existent before 1889 and care of the chronically mentally ill rested with their families and the community; however, the prevalence and spectrum of mental disorders were similar to those in Western countries...
March 30, 2017: Der Nervenarzt
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314547/brief-assessment-of-subjective-health-complaints-development-validation-and-population-norms-of-a-brief-form-of-the-giessen-subjective-complaints-list-gbb-8
#12
Sören Kliem, Anna Lohmann, Thimna Klatt, Thomas Mößle, Florian Rehbein, Andreas Hinz, Manfred Beutel, Elmar Brähler
OBJECTIVE: Although there is no causal relationship to medical morbidity, routine clinical assessment of somatic symptoms aids medical diagnosis and assessment of treatment effectiveness. Regardless of their causes, somatic symptoms indicate suffering, distress, and help-seeking behavior. The aim of the present study was to develop and validate a brief self-report questionnaire to assess somatic symptom strain. METHODS: A brief form of the Giessen Subjective Complaints List (GBB-8) was developed and validated in a large population sample representative of the Federal Republic of Germany (N=2008)...
April 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296628/struggles-for-medical-legitimacy-among-women-experiencing-sexual-pain-a-qualitative-study
#13
Amy Braksmajer
Given the prominent role of medical institutions in defining what is "healthy" and "normal," many women turn to medicine when experiencing pain during intercourse (dyspareunia). The medical encounter can become a contest between patients and providers when physicians do not grant legitimacy to patients' claims of illness. Drawing on interviews conducted from 2007 to 2008 and 2011 to 2012 with 32 women experiencing dyspareunia (ages 18-60 years) and living in New York City and its surrounding areas, this study examined women's and their physicians' claims regarding bodily expertise, particularly women's perceptions of physician invalidation, their understanding of this invalidation as gendered, and the consequences for women's pursuit of medicalization...
March 15, 2017: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289792/-stalking-of-psychiatrists-and-psychotherapists-results-of-an-online-survey
#14
P Praus, S Riedel-Heller, H Dressing
BACKGROUND: Currently, there are clear indications that due to their exposed occupational position psychiatrists and psychotherapists are at a higher risk than the general public to become the victim of stalking by patients. OBJECTIVES: This study investigated the frequency of stalking and its psychosocial impact among psychiatrists and psychotherapists in the Federal Republic of Germany. METHODS: Analysis of an online survey among members of the German Association for Psychiatry, Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics (DGPPN) from 23 September 2015 until 22 October 2015...
March 13, 2017: Der Nervenarzt
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285469/health-related-quality-of-life-anxiety-and-depression-in-bariatric-surgery-candidates-compared-to-patients-from-a-psychosomatic-inpatient-hospital
#15
Alexandra Osterhues, Thomas von Lengerke, Julian W Mall, Martina de Zwaan, Astrid Müller
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Past research indicated high psychiatric comorbidity and poor health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in patients seeking surgical treatment for obesity. This study investigated if preoperative bariatric surgery patients perceive equally poor HRQOL and increased levels of anxiety and depression as mentally ill patients. METHODS: The study included four groups: 192 bariatric surgery candidates (PRE, 71% women, BMI 48.35 ± 8.98 kg/m(2)), 96 psychotherapy inpatients with mental disorders (PSY, 77% women, BMI 27...
March 11, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274346/depression-management-within-gp-centered-health-care-a-case-control-study-based-on-claims-data
#16
Antje Freytag, Markus Krause, Thomas Lehmann, Sven Schulz, Florian Wolf, Janine Biermann, Jürgen Wasem, Jochen Gensichen
OBJECTIVE: For most patients with depression, GPs are the first and long-term medical providers. GP-centered health care (GPc-HC) programs target patients with chronic diseases. What are the effects of GPc-HC on primary care depression management? METHOD: An observational retrospective case-control study was conducted using health insurance claims data of patients with depressive disorder from July 2011 to December 2012. RESULTS: From 40,298 patients insured with the largest health plan in Central Germany participating in the GPc-HC program (intervention group, IG), we observed 4645 patients with depression over 18months: 72...
March 2017: General Hospital Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267822/occlusal-dysesthesia-a-clinical-report-on-the-psychosomatic-management-of-a-japanese-patient-cohort
#17
Hitoshi Oguchi, Yu Yamauchi, Yasuyo Karube, Nobue Suzuki, Katsushi Tamaki
PURPOSE: A cohort of Japanese patients diagnosed with occlusal dysesthesia (OD) was clinically analyzed for psychosomatic background, management, and treatment outcome. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study group comprised 61 patients (17 men and 44 women) who met the OD criteria. Treatment outcomes were categorized as improvement, interruption, and transfer to another department. RESULTS: The diagnosed OD was resolved in 25 patients (41%), 20 patients (33%) discontinued treatment, 13 (21%) were referred or transferred to other specialties such as psychiatry, and 3 (5%) continued to receive treatment following an engagement period of 3 months, 2 years, and 5 years, respectively...
March 2017: International Journal of Prosthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261116/red-flags-clinical-signs-for-identifying-autoimmune-encephalitis-in-psychiatric-patients
#18
Julia Herken, Harald Prüss
Autoimmune mechanisms causing diverse psychiatric symptoms are increasingly recognized and brought about a paradigm shift in neuropsychiatry. Identification of underlying antibodies against neuronal ion channels or receptors led to the speculation that a number of patients go misdiagnosed with a primary psychiatric disease. However, there is no clear consensus which clinical signs in psychiatric patients should prompt further investigations including measurement of anti-neuronal autoantibodies. We therefore aimed to analyze the presenting symptoms in patients with autoimmune encephalitis and the time between symptom onset and initiation of antibody diagnostics...
2017: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28252587/-the-peculiar-features-of-the-psychosomatic-status-in-the-patients-presenting-with-the-spondylogenic-and-cochleovestibular-disorders
#19
S V Morozova, L E Shempeleva
The objective of the present study was to elucidate the peculiar features of the psychosomatic status in the patients with chronic vertebrogenic and cochleovestibular disorders The psychosomatic status was evaluated in 117 patients at the age from 21 to 65 years presenting with these conditions using the psychometric tests based on the STAI questionnaire (the state-trait anxiety inventory) adapted for the determination of the level of reactive and personal anxiety. It was shown that the vestibular disorders, tympanophonia, and hearing impairment have a negative influence on the psychogenic status of the patients suffering from cochleovestibulopathy...
2017: Vestnik Otorinolaringologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28245719/-brain-gut-axis-and-gut-directed-hypnosis-success-of-an-integrated-psychosomatic-treatment-in-gastroenterology
#20
Gabriele Moser, Johannes Peter
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Zeitschrift Für Psychosomatische Medizin und Psychotherapie
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