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Pediatric hospitalist

Jennifer M Oshimura, Benjamin D Bauer, Neha Shah, Eugene Nguyen, Jennifer Maniscalco
OBJECTIVES: Pediatric hospitalists report the need for additional training in clinical and nonclinical domains. Pediatric hospital medicine (PHM) fellowships seek to provide this training and produce leaders in the field. Our objective is to describe current roles and perceived training needs of PHM fellowship graduates. METHODS: In 2014, all PHM fellowship graduates were asked to complete a Web-based survey. Survey questions addressed demographics, past training, current roles, and training needs in clinical care, research, education, and administration...
October 2016: Hospital Pediatrics
Jamie R Macklin, Michael A Gittelman, Sarah A Denny, Hayley Southworth, Melissa Wervey Arnold
BACKGROUND: Despite American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) recommendations, many hospitalized infants are not observed in the appropriate safe sleep environment. Caregivers tend to model sleep patterns observed in a hospital setting. This project assessed the change in infant safe sleep practices within 6 children's hospitals after the implementation of a statewide quality improvement program. METHODS: The AAP recruited hospitalists from each of the state's children's hospitals and asked them to form "safe sleep teams" within their institutions...
September 14, 2016: Pediatrics
Margaret J Trost, Kira Molas-Torreblanca, Carol Man, Ernesto Casillas, Hoda Sapir, Sheree M Schrager
BACKGROUND: Postpartum depression is common and adversely affects children of afflicted mothers; postpartum depression recognition and treatment may improve outcomes. Hospitalization represents a potential health encounter for expanding screening and intervention. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to assess for postpartum depression at infant hospitalization and examine postpartum depression risk factors in this population. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: We conducted a prospective observational study of 310 English- or Spanish-speaking women with an infant aged 2 weeks to 1 year admitted to a pediatric hospitalist service at a large urban freestanding children's hospital...
August 16, 2016: Journal of Hospital Medicine: An Official Publication of the Society of Hospital Medicine
Carmen Sulton, Courtney McCracken, Harold K Simon, Kiran Hebbar, Jason Reynolds, Joseph Cravero, Michael Mallory, Pradip Kamat
OBJECTIVES: Dexmedetomidine (DEX) is widely used in pediatric procedural sedation (PPS) by a variety of pediatric subspecialists. The objective of our study was to describe the overall rates of adverse events and serious adverse events (SAEs) when DEX is used by various pediatric subspecialists. METHODS: Patients from the Pediatric Sedation Research Consortium (PSRC) database were retrospectively reviewed and children that received DEX as their primary sedation agent for elective PPS were identified...
September 2016: Hospital Pediatrics
Robert M Wachter, Lee Goldman
Twenty years ago, we described the emergence of a new type of specialist that we called a "hospitalist." Since then, the number of hospitalists has grown from a few hundred to more than 50,000 (see graph) — making this new field substantially larger than any subspecialty of internal medicine (the..
September 15, 2016: New England Journal of Medicine
Karan Dua, William C McAvoy, Sybil A Klaus, David I Rappaport, Rebecca E Rosenberg, Joshua M Abzug
PURPOSE: The benefits of hospitalist co-management of pediatric surgical patients include bettering patient safety, decreasing negative patient outcomes, providing comprehensive medical care, and establishing a dedicated resource to patients for postoperative care. The purpose of this study was to characterize the nature of patients co-managed by a pediatric hospitalist. The authors hypothesize that hospitalist co-management is safe and efficacious in pediatric orthopaedic surgical patients who are admitted to a community hospital...
2016: Maryland Medicine: MM: a Publication of MEDCHI, the Maryland State Medical Society
Saimun Singla, Debra L Canter, Timothy J Vece, Eyal Muscal, Marietta DeGuzman
BACKGROUND: Diffuse alveolar hemorrhage (DAH) is a devastating clinical syndrome characterized by a falling hematocrit, respiratory insufficiency, and radiographic evidence of pulmonary infiltrates. Literature regarding management of DAH in childhood-onset SLE (cSLE) is limited. METHODS: We reviewed the presentation, management, and outcome of DAH in a pediatric tertiary medical center with one of the largest cSLE cohorts in North America. During a 10 year period 7 of 410 children with cSLE had DAH...
August 2016: Hospital Pediatrics
Daniel J Schumacher, Mary Pat Frintner, William Cull
OBJECTIVE: To determine the relationship between pediatric residency program size and resident demographic characteristics, career intentions, and training experiences. METHODS: Annual national random samples of 1000 graduating pediatrics residents were surveyed between 2010 and 2014. Response years were pooled for analysis, and trends in resident demographic characteristics, career intentions and job search, and training experiences were compared across program class size: small (<10 residents per class), medium (10-19 residents per class), and large (≥20 residents per class)...
September 2016: Academic Pediatrics
Lauren G Solan, Susan N Sherman, Dominick DeBlasio, Jeffrey M Simmons
OBJECTIVE: Primary care providers (PCPs) and hospitalists endorse the importance of effective communication yet studies illustrate critical communication problems between these 2 provider types. Our objective was to develop deeper insight into the dimensions of and underlying reasons for communication issues and determine ways to improve communication and remove barriers by eliciting the perspectives of pediatric PCPs and hospitalists. METHODS: Using qualitative methods, 2 sets of focus groups were held: 1) mix of local PCPs serving diverse populations, and 2) hospitalists from a free-standing, pediatric institution...
July 2016: Academic Pediatrics
Jana C Leary, Elisabeth G Schainker, JoAnna K Leyenaar
OBJECTIVES: Benefits of effective mentorship include career satisfaction and academic productivity. Given the youth of pediatric hospital medicine (PHM), effective mentorship is a widely acknowledged challenge. This study aimed to characterize successful pediatric hospitalists' past and current mentorship experiences and identify facilitators of and barriers to effective mentorship in PHM. METHODS: Semistructured phone interviews were conducted with peer-nominated pediatric hospitalists, exploring past and current mentorship experiences and approaches perceived to aid or hinder mentorship relationships from both the mentor and mentee perspectives...
April 2016: Hospital Pediatrics
Amit Agarwal, Nancy Marks, Valerie Wessel, Denise Willis, Shasha Bai, Xinyu Tang, Wendy L Ward, Dennis E Schellhase, John L Carroll
OBJECTIVE: The results from a recent national survey about catastrophic complications following tracheostomy revealed that the majority of events involved a loss of airway. Most of the events due to airway loss involved potentially correctable deficits in caregiver education. Training in a simulated environment allows skill acquisition without compromising patient safety. We assessed the knowledge and confidence level of pediatric health care providers at a large tertiary care children's hospital in routine and emergency tracheostomy care and evaluated the efficacy of a comprehensive simulation-based tracheostomy educational program...
July 2016: Pediatric Pulmonology
Erin E Shaughnessy, Lisa L Kirkland
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2016: Hospital Pediatrics
John M Hollier, Stephen D Wilson
This study examines whether implementing a resident shift work schedule (RSWS) alone or combined with a hospitalist-led model system (HMS/RSWS) affects patient care outcomes or costs at a pediatric tertiary care teaching hospital. A retrospective sample compared pre- and postintervention groups for the most common primary discharge diagnoses, including asthma and cellulitis (RSWS intervention) and inflammatory bowel disease and diabetic ketoacidosis (HMS/RSWS intervention). Outcome variables included length of stay, number of subspecialty consultations, and hospitalization charges...
December 3, 2015: American Journal of Medical Quality: the Official Journal of the American College of Medical Quality
David P Johnson, Carrie Lind, Sarah E S Parker, Christian Beuschel, Stacey VanVliet, James Nichols, Carol A Rauch, Brenda Lee, Stephen E Muething
OBJECTIVE: Achieving high-value health care is a goal of health care providers who strive to increase quality and decrease cost. Decreasing laboratory tests is a potential method to increase value. We used quality improvement methodology to decrease the percentage of unnecessary complete blood counts (CBCs) and basic metabolic panels (BMPs) obtained on a pediatric hospital medicine service from 13.5% to <5%. METHODS: A pre- and postintervention design was conducted including all patients admitted to 2 hospital medicine teams between May 2013 and December 2014...
January 2016: Hospital Pediatrics
Michael J Donnelly, Lauren Lubrano, Carrie L Radabaugh, Michael P Lukela, Allen R Friedland, Holly S Ruch-Ross
OBJECTIVE: There is no published literature about the med-peds hospitalist workforce, physicians dually trained in internal medicine and pediatrics. Our objective was to analyze this subset of physicians by using data from the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) workforce survey to assess practice patterns and workforce demographics. We hypothesized that demographic differences exist between hospitalists and nonhospitalists. METHODS: The AAP surveyed med-peds physicians from the Society of Hospital Medicine and the AAP to define workforce demographics and patterns of practice...
November 2015: Hospital Pediatrics
Jimmy B Beck, Joel S Tieder
OBJECTIVES: There is little research on pediatric hospitalists' use of evidence-based resources. The aim of this study was to determine the electronic resources that pediatric hospitalists prefer. METHODS: Using a web-based survey, the authors determined hospitalists' preferred electronic resources, as well as their attitudes toward lifelong learning, practice, and experience characteristics. RESULTS: One hundred sixteen hospitalists completed the survey...
October 2015: Journal of the Medical Library Association: JMLA
Russell J McCulloh, Mary Ann Queen, Brian Lee, Diana Yu, Leslie Stach, Jennifer Goldman, Angela Myers, Brian Pate, Jason G Newland
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Hospitalists increasingly serve as the primary physicians for children hospitalized with infections. Consequently, hospitalists frequently interact with institutional antimicrobial stewardship programs (ASPs). Understanding how these services interact can inform ongoing practice improvement efforts. The objectives of this study were to identify factors associated with ASP recommendations among hospitalist-managed children, and to determine the association of ASP interventions with clinical outcomes for hospitalist-managed patients...
October 2015: Hospital Pediatrics
Elena Aragona, Jose Ponce-Rios, Priya Garg, Julia Aquino, Jeffrey C Winer, Elisabeth Schainker
UNLABELLED: Family centered rounds (FCR) occur at the bedside and include the patient and their family when creating a daily medical care plan. Despite recommendations that family centered rounds (FCR) with nursing staff be standard practice, nurses were frequently absent from FCR at our institution. OBJECTIVE: To increase nurse attendance on hospitalist FCR to 80% in three months. Secondary outcomes were to investigate the relationship between nurse-to-patient ratio and nurse attendance, and to assess for change in perception toward FCR...
January 2016: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
Rachel Umoren, Natalia Rybas, Mary Pat Frintner
OBJECTIVE: To compare job search experience and postresidency position of pediatric residents on the basis of childhood location (United States or international) and medical school location (American medical graduates [AMG] or international medical graduate [IMG]). METHODS: Annual national random samples of 1000 graduating pediatric residents from 2009 to 2013 were surveyed. Multivariable analyses, controlling for resident and program characteristics, compared job search experiences and postresidency positions among 4 groups categorized by childhood and medical school location: US-AMG, US-IMG, international-AMG, and international-IMG...
September 2015: Academic Pediatrics
Jared P Austin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2015: Hospital Pediatrics
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