keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Tobacco policy

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790998/association-of-smokeless-tobacco-use-and-oral-cancer-a-systematic-global-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
Smita Asthana, Satyanarayana Labani, Uma Kailash, Dhirendra N Sinha, Ravi Mehrotra
Introduction: Smokeless tobacco products have been linked to precancerous and cancers of oral cavity for long. Evidence was available on the association between smokeless tobacco (SLT) products and oral cancers at regional but not at global level. Present meta-analysis is aimed to evaluate the risk of oral cancer with the use of SLT products among "ever" versus "never" users. Method: Studies published for the period (1960-2016) are retrieved using Pubmed, Indmed, EMBASE, and Google Scholar search engines for the subject "ever" versus "never" users of SLT products and estimated the risk association with oral cancer...
May 22, 2018: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788484/an-e-liquid-flavor-wheel-a-shared-vocabulary-based-on-systematically-reviewing-e-liquid-flavor-classifications-in-literature
#2
Erna Johanna Zegerina Krüsemann, Sanne Boesveldt, Kees de Graaf, Reinskje Talhout
Introduction: E-liquids are available in a high variety of flavors. A systematic classification of e-liquid flavors is necessary to increase comparability of research results. In the food, alcohol and fragrance industry, flavors are classified using flavor wheels. We systematically reviewed literature on flavors related to e-cigarette use, to investigate how e-liquid flavors have been classified in research, and propose an e-liquid flavor wheel to classify e-liquids based on marketing descriptions...
May 18, 2018: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779494/not-so-sweet-refrain-sugar-sweetened-beverage-taxes-industry-opposition-and-harnessing-the-lessons-learned-from-tobacco-control-legal-challenges
#3
Anita George
As a growing number of countries implement, or announce plans to introduce, a sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) tax, this paper explores the public health rationale for such a tax and provides an overview of the international normative and policy instruments supporting the introduction of fiscal measures on sugary drinks. After examining parallels between the legal arguments raised by the food and beverage industry in opposition to SSB taxes and those raised by the tobacco industry in response to tobacco control measures, this paper draws four key lessons that will assist countries to design effective and robust SSB tax measures and counter food and beverage industry opposition: regulatory distinctions in tax coverage should be based on bona fide, evidence-based reasoning; evidence-based measures need to be tailored to a country's public health objectives as part of a comprehensive strategy to address unhealthy diet consumption; procedural requirements and due process should be observed in the drafting and implementation of the measure; and regulatory space exists within domestic constitutions, laws and international trade and investment agreements recognising the sovereign right of states to regulate in the interests of public health...
May 21, 2018: Health Economics, Policy, and Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776779/tobacco-21-policy-support-by-u-s-individuals-aged-13-25-years-evidence-from-a-rolling-cross-sectional-study-2014-2017
#4
Allyson C Volinsky, Elissa C Kranzler, Laura A Gibson, Robert C Hornik
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 15, 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775959/adolescent-smokers-response-to-reducing-the-nicotine-content-of-cigarettes-acute-effects-on-withdrawal-symptoms-and-subjective-evaluations
#5
Rachel N Cassidy, Suzanne M Colby, Jennifer W Tidey, Kristina M Jackson, Patricia A Cioe, Suchitra Krishnan-Sarin, Dorothy Hatsukami
BACKGROUND: Mandating a reduction in the nicotine content of cigarettes to a minimally addictive level could dramatically reduce smoking rates in the US. However, little is known about the effects of reduced nicotine content cigarettes in adolescents. METHODS: Following overnight abstinence, adolescent daily smokers (ages 15-19, n = 50) reported on their craving, withdrawal, and positive and negative affect pre- and post- ad lib smoking of one cigarette containing varying nicotine content (15...
May 15, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773707/comparison-of-toxicant-load-from-waterpipe-and-cigarette-tobacco-smoking-among-young-adults-in-the-usa
#6
Brian A Primack, Ariel Shensa, Jaime E Sidani, Megan C Tulikangas, Mark S Roberts, Jason B Colditz, Maria K Mor, A Everette James, Michael J Fine
OBJECTIVES: To form population-level comparisons of total smoke volume, tar, carbon monoxide and nicotine consumed from waterpipe tobacco smoking (WTS) and cigarette smoking using data from a nationally representative sample of smokers and non-smokers aged 18-30 years. METHODS: In March and April 2013, we surveyed a nationally representative sample of 3254 US young adults to assess the frequency and volume of WTS and cigarette smoking. We used Monte Carlo analyses with 5000 repetitions to estimate the proportions of toxicants originating from WTS and cigarette smoking...
May 16, 2018: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770947/when-marijuana-is-used-before-cigarettes-or-alcohol-demographic-predictors-and-associations-with-heavy-use-cannabis-use-disorder-and-other-drug-related-outcomes
#7
Brian J Fairman, C Debra Furr-Holden, Renee M Johnson
Recent loosening of state and federal policy restrictions on marijuana, along with changes in social norms regarding marijuana use and decreases in prevalence of other types of substance use, may lead to increases in youth initiating marijuana before other types of substances such as alcohol and tobacco. We investigated predictors and potential consequences of initiating marijuana before other drugs for youth aged 12-21-years in the USA. Nationally representative, cross-sectional survey data from the US National Survey on Drug Use and Health supplied self-reported age of first marijuana, cigarettes, alcohol, other tobacco, and other illegal drug use among 12-21-year-old samples from 2004 to 2014 (n = 275,559)...
May 17, 2018: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768592/workplace-accident-prevalence-and-associated-factors-among-tobacco-farm-in-s%C3%A3-o-louren%C3%A3-o-do-sul-rs-brazil
#8
Adriana Marchon Zago, Rodrigo Dalke Meucci, Nadia Fiori, Maria Laura Vidal Carret, Neice Muller Xavier Faria, Anaclaudia Gastal Fassa
Agriculture has the highest risk of accidents. In Brazil the reality of this situation is unknown owing to scarcity of studies and underreporting of workplace accidents in rural areas. This article aims to evaluate workplace accident prevalence and associated factors among tobacco farm in Sao Lourenco do Sul-RS, Brazil. Cross-sectional study with 488 tobacco farmers, assessing sociodemographic, behavioural, labour characteristics and association with workplace accidents occurring in their lifetime. The injury prevalence was 24%...
May 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767777/prison-staff-and-prisoner-views-on-a-prison-smoking-ban-evidence-from-the-tobacco-in-prisons-study
#9
Ashley Brown, Helen Sweeting, Greig Logan, Evangelia Demou, Kate Hunt
Introduction: In jurisdictions permitting prisoner smoking, rates are high (c75%), with smoking embedded in prison culture, leading to secondhand smoke exposures among staff and prisoners and challenges for smoking cessation. Momentum is building to ban smoking in prisons, but research on staff and prisoner views is lacking. We address this gap, providing evidence on staff and prisoner views throughout all Scottish prisons. Methods: Data were collected prior to announcement of a (November 2018) prison smoking ban throughout Scotland...
May 15, 2018: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767772/illicit-cigarette-trade-in-five-south-american-countries-a-gap-analysis-for-argentina-brazil-chile-colombia-and-peru
#10
Guillermo Paraje
Introduction: Due to its nature, it is very hard to measure tobacco illicit trade in any product. In the case of Latin American countries, there is scant information on the magnitude and characteristics of this trade in the case of cigarettes. The goal of this article is to provide estimates on the evolution of the illicit cigarette trade in five South American countries: Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia and Peru. Methods: Gap analysis estimates for cigarette tax evasion/avoidance (a comparison on the evolution of the difference between registered cigarette sales and measured population consumption) is developed for Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia and Peru...
May 15, 2018: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765430/tobacco-dependence-treatment-grants-a-collaborative-approach-to-the-implementation-of-who-tobacco-control-initiatives
#11
Margaret B Nolan, Katherine E Kemper, Thomas J Glynn, Richard D Hurt, J Taylor Hays
The number of global tobacco-related deaths is projected to increase from about 6 million to 8 million annually by 2030, with more than 80% of these occurring in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). The World Health Organization Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC) came into force in 2005 and Article 14 relates specifically to the treatment of tobacco dependence. However, LMICs, in particular, face several barriers to implementing tobacco dependence treatment. This paper is a descriptive evaluation of a novel grant funding mechanism that was initiated in 2014 to address these barriers...
2018: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761283/cardiovascular-disease-in-the-nation-s-capital-how-policy-and-the-built-environment-contribute-to-disparities-in-cvd-risk-factors-in-washington-d-c
#12
REVIEW
Phillip Mauller, Lauren A Doamekpor, Crystal Reed, Kweisi Mfume
On average, Washington D.C. residents experience low levels of cardiovascular disease (CVD) behavioral risk factors compared to the rest of the country. Despite presenting as a city of low risk, CVD mortality is higher than the national average. Driving this inconsistency are vast racial disparities as Black D.C. residents die from CVD at a much higher rate than their White counterparts. A closer examination of the data also reveals significant disparities between White and Black populations with regard to behavioral risk factors...
May 14, 2018: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758490/lung-cancer-incidence-trends-in-uruguay-1990-2014-an-age-period-cohort-analysis
#13
Rafael Alonso, Marion Piñeros, Mathieu Laversanne, Carina Musetti, Mariela Garau, Enrique Barrios, Freddie Bray
BACKGROUND: Uruguay, a country with one of the highest lung cancer rates worldwide, initiated a series of comprehensive anti-smoking measures in 2005. We assess the tobacco control policies in the context of cohort-driven lung cancer incidence trends over a 25-year period, providing baseline predictions to 2035. METHODS: Using data from the National Cancer Registry of Uruguay, an age-period-cohort analysis of trends 1990-2014 was performed. The NORDPRED package was used to predict the annual number of new cases of lung cancer and incidence rates up to 2035...
May 11, 2018: Cancer Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757802/assessing-unwanted-variations-in-rheumatology-clinic-previsit-rooming
#14
Edmond Ramly, Brad Stroik, Diane R Lauver, Heather M Johnson, Patrick McBride, Kristin Steffen Lewicki, Jon Arnason, Christie M Bartels
BACKGROUND: Rheumatologists face time pressures similar to primary care but have not generally benefitted from optimized team-based rooming during the time from the waiting room until the rheumatologist enters the room. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess current capacity for population management in rheumatology clinics; we aimed to measure the tasks performed by rheumatology clinic staff (medical assistants or nurses) during rooming. METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional time-study and work-system analysis to measure rooming workflows at 3 rheumatology clinics in an academic multispecialty practice during 2014-2015...
May 11, 2018: Journal of Clinical Rheumatology: Practical Reports on Rheumatic & Musculoskeletal Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747521/employee-adherence-to-a-tobacco-free-executive-order-in-kentucky
#15
Melinda J Ickes, Amanda Wiggins, Mary Kay Rayens, Jean Edwards, Ellen J Hahn
PURPOSE: Examine predictors of short- and long-term adherence to a tobacco-free policy prohibiting all tobacco use inside and outdoors on Executive Branch property in Kentucky. DESIGN: Cross-sectional online surveys administered at 2 time points. SETTING: Commonwealth of Kentucky. PARTICIPANTS: 27 000 employees of the Kentucky Executive Branch were invited to participate in 2 online surveys: March 2015, 4 months postpolicy (N = 4854) and August 2015, 9 months postpolicy (N = 3522)...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747132/do-environmental-bads-such-as-alcohol-fast-food-tobacco-and-gambling-outlets-cluster-and-co-locate-in-more-deprived-areas-in-glasgow-city-scotland
#16
Laura Macdonald, Jonathan R Olsen, Niamh K Shortt, Anne Ellaway
This study utilised an innovative application of spatial cluster analysis to examine the socio-spatial patterning of outlets selling potentially health-damaging goods/services, such as alcohol, fast food, tobacco and gambling, within Glasgow City, Scotland. For all categories of outlets combined, numbers of clusters increased linearly from the least to the most income deprived areas (i.e. one cluster within the least deprived quintile to ten within the most deprived quintile). Co-location of individual types of outlets (alcohol, fast food, tobacco and gambling) within similar geographical areas was also evident...
May 7, 2018: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746451/tobacco-cessation-interventions-and-smoke-free-policies-in-mental-health-and-substance-abuse-treatment-facilities-united-states-2016
#17
Kristy Marynak, Brenna VanFrank, Sonia Tetlow, Margaret Mahoney, Elyse Phillips, Ahmed Jamal Mbbs, Anna Schecter, Doug Tipperman, Stephen Babb
Persons with mental or substance use disorders or both are more than twice as likely to smoke cigarettes as persons without such disorders and are more likely to die from smoking-related illness than from their behavioral health conditions (1,2). However, many persons with behavioral health conditions want to and are able to quit smoking, although they might require more intensive treatment (2,3). Smoking cessation reduces smoking-related disease risk and could improve mental health and drug and alcohol recovery outcomes (1,3,4)...
May 11, 2018: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745781/multi-sectoral-approach-to-noncommunicable-disease-prevention-policy-in-sub-saharan-africa-a-conceptual-framework-for-analysis
#18
Saliyou Sanni, Jennifer P Wisdom, Olalekan A Ayo-Yusuf, Charles Hongoro
Conceptual frameworks for health policy analysis guide investigations into interactions between institutions, interests, and ideas to identify how to improve policy decisions and outcomes. This review assessed constructs from current frameworks and theories of health policy analysis to (1) develop a preliminary synthesis of findings from selected frameworks and theories; (2) analyze relationships between elements of those frameworks and theories to construct an overarching framework for health policy analysis; and then, (3) apply that overarching framework to analyze tobacco control policies in Togo and in South Africa...
January 1, 2018: International Journal of Health Services: Planning, Administration, Evaluation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743339/compliance-with-point-of-sale-tobacco-control-policies-and-student-tobacco-use-in-mumbai-india
#19
Ritesh Mistry, Mangesh S Pednekar, William J McCarthy, Ken Resnicow, Sharmila A Pimple, Hsing-Fang Hsieh, Gauravi A Mishra, Prakash C Gupta
BACKGROUND: We measured how student tobacco use and psychological risk factors (intention to use and perceived ease of access to tobacco products) were associated with tobacco vendor compliance with India's Cigarettes and Other Tobacco Products Act provisions regulating the point-of-sale (POS) environment. METHODS: We conducted a population-based cross-sectional survey of high school students (n=1373) and tobacco vendors (n=436) in school-adjacent communities (n=26) in Mumbai, India...
May 9, 2018: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743083/policy-environment-for-prevention-control-and-management-of-cardiovascular-diseases-in-primary-health-care-in-kenya
#20
Gershim Asiki, Shuai Shao, Carol Wainana, Christopher Khayeka-Wandabwa, Tilahun N Haregu, Pamela A Juma, Shukri Mohammed, David Wambui, Enying Gong, Lijing L Yan, Catherine Kyobutungi
BACKGROUND: In Kenya, cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) accounted for more than 10% of total deaths and 4% of total Disability-Adjusted Life Years (DALYs) in 2015 with a steady increase over the past decade. The main objective of this paper was to review the existing policies and their content in relation to prevention, control and management of CVDs at primary health care (PHC) level in Kenya. METHODS: A targeted document search in Google engine using keywords "Kenya national policy on cardiovascular diseases" and "Kenya national policy on non-communicable diseases (NCDs)" was conducted in addition to key informant interviews with Kenyan policy makers...
May 9, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
keyword
keyword
43954
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"