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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231493/availability-of-tobacco-cessation-services-in-substance-use-disorder-treatment-programs-impact-of-state-tobacco-control-policy
#1
Amanda J Abraham, Grace Bagwell-Adams, Jayani Jayawardhana
OBJECTIVE: Given the high prevalence of smoking among substance use disorder (SUD) patients, the specialty SUD treatment system is an important target for adoption and implementation of tobacco cessation (TC) services. While research has addressed the impact of tobacco control on individual tobacco consumption, largely overlooked in the literature is the potential impact of state tobacco control policies on availability of services for tobacco cessation. This paper examines the association between state tobacco control policy and availability of TC services in SUD treatment programs in the United States...
February 9, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224973/tobacco-smoking-in-poland-in-2003-2014-multi-centre-national-population-health-examination-survey-wobasz
#2
Maria Polakowska, Dorota Kaleta, Walerian Piotrowski, Roman Topór-Mądry, Aleksandra Puch-Walczak, Arkadiusz Niklas, Wojciech Bielecki, Krystyna Kozakiewicz, Andrzej Pająk, Andrzej Tykarski, Tomasz Zdrojewski, Wojciech Drygas On Behalf Of Wobasz
INTRODUCTION    The reduction of tobacco smoking is a challenging problem of public health. OBJECTIVES    The main purpose of this work was to evaluate the prevalence and tobacco use patterns in the adult population of Poles and its changes in a period between year 2003 and 2014. Furthermore, changes in the smoking addiction, the declared reasons for smoking as well as readiness and motivation to stop smoking has been assessed.  PATIENTS AND METHODS    Based on data from the Polish studies - WOBASZ and WOBASZ II, the analysis covered a population of 14576 persons from the 1st study (6906 men and 7670 women) and 5696 persons from the 2nd study (2578 men and 3118 women), aged 20 - 74...
January 17, 2017: Polskie Archiwum Medycyny Wewnętrznej
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222364/manufactured-and-roll-your-own-cigarettes-a-changing-pattern-of-smoking-in-barcelona-spain
#3
Xisca Sureda, Marcela Fu, Jose M Martínez-Sánchez, Cristina Martínez, Montse Ballbé, Raúl Pérez-Ortuño, Esteve Saltó, José A Pascual, Esteve Fernández
AIMS: The objectives of the present study were to describe smoking prevalence and compare the smoking attributes of adult smokers according to the type of tobacco product consumed. METHODS: Repeated cross-sectional surveys (2004-2005 and 2011-2012) of a representative sample of the adult (≥16 years) population in Barcelona, Spain, were used to assess self-reported tobacco consumption, smoking attributes, and salivary cotinine concentration. The survey conducted in 2004-2005 included information on 1245 subjects and the survey in 2011-2012 on 1307 individuals...
February 18, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219976/the-effects-of-tobacco-control-policies-on-retailer-sales-to-minors-in-the-usa-2015
#4
Hongying Dai, Jianqiang Hao
BACKGROUND: Under the 2009 Family Smoking Prevention and Tobacco Control Act , the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has been routinely inspecting tobacco retailers' compliance with under-age sales laws. We seek to identify factors associated with Retail Violation Rate for sale to minors (RVRm). METHODS: We collected the tobacco retailer inspection data for 2015 from the FDA compliance check database. RVRm was calculated at the census tract level and overlaid with tobacco regulations and youth smoking prevalence at the state level...
February 20, 2017: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215055/occupational-hazards-for-home-care-nurses-across-the-rural-to-urban-gradient-in-ontario-canada
#5
Matthew Wong, Margaret Saari, Erin Patterson, Martine Puts, Ann E Tourangeau
The purpose of this paper was to describe occupational hazards for nurses working in home care (HC) and explore how they differ across the rural-to-urban gradient. Responses (n = 823) from a cross-sectional survey conducted in 2012 of HC nurses registered to practise nursing in the Province of Ontario, Canada were used. Using chi-square analysis and posthoc pairwise tests with a Bonferroni correction, 14 occupational hazards were individually tested for differences between four geographical settings (rural, town, suburban or urban areas)...
February 19, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211962/smoking-prevalence-among-lesbian-bisexual-and-queer-women-in-sydney-remains-high-analysis-of-trends-and-correlates
#6
Rachel M Deacon, Julie Mooney-Somers
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: To investigate smoking prevalence trends and correlates among lesbian, bisexual and queer-identifying (LBQ) women in Sydney, Australia. DESIGN AND METHODS: Data from 5007 respondents to a repeated cross-sectional community survey were used to examine smoking trends between 2004 and 2014. Multinomial logistic regression was used to examine smoking correlates. RESULTS: Thirty percent of respondents were current smokers, including 48% of 16 to 24-year-olds...
February 17, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211960/becoming-tobacco-free-changes-in-staff-and-patient-attitudes-and-incident-reports-in-a-large-academic-mental-health-and-addictions-hospital
#7
Lilian Riad-Allen, Sarah Siodmok Dermody, Yarissa Herman, Kim Bellissimo, Peter Selby, Tony Peter George
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Complete tobacco bans in mental health facilities are thought to have the potential for adverse consequences. We evaluated staff and patient attitudes and adverse events associated with implementing Canada's largest, multi-site academic psychiatric hospital tobacco ban. METHODS: A total of 1,173 staff and 422 patients completed an anonymous attitudes survey at prior to implementation (baseline), and 4-6 months and 10-12 months post-implementation...
February 17, 2017: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28201861/role-of-physicians-in-the-management-of-substance-use-disorders
#8
Yvonne Bonomo, Nadine Ezard, Adrian Reynolds
Alcohol, tobacco and other drugs are responsible for significant contribution to the global burden of disease and injury. There are several contributions that the physician can make to reduce the burden that substance use contributes to the community, not only clinically but also through leadership and contribution to community dialogue and public policy.
February 2017: Internal Medicine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193397/socioeconomic-status-and-non-communicable-disease-behavioural-risk-factors-in-low-income-and-lower-middle-income-countries-a-systematic-review
#9
Luke Allen, Julianne Williams, Nick Townsend, Bente Mikkelsen, Nia Roberts, Charlie Foster, Kremlin Wickramasinghe
BACKGROUND: Non-communicable diseases are the leading global cause of death and disproportionately afflict those living in low-income and lower-middle-income countries (LLMICs). The association between socioeconomic status and non-communicable disease behavioural risk factors is well established in high-income countries, but it is not clear how behavioural risk factors are distributed within LLMICs. We aimed to systematically review evidence on the association between socioeconomic status and harmful use of alcohol, tobacco use, unhealthy diets, and physical inactivity within LLMICs...
March 2017: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192676/crossing-boundaries
#10
Leighton Ku, Erika Steinmetz, Tyler Bysshe, Brian K Bruen
OBJECTIVES: Previous state interagency collaborations have led to successful tobacco cessation initiatives. The objective of this study was to assess the roles and interaction of state Medicaid and public health agency efforts to support tobacco cessation for low-income Medicaid beneficiaries. METHODS: We interviewed Medicaid and state public health agency officials in 8 states in September and October 2015 about collaborations in policy development and implementation for Medicaid tobacco cessation, including Medicaid coverage policies, quitlines, and monitoring...
January 1, 2017: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192095/cigarette-smoking-and-adverse-health-outcomes-among-adults-receiving-federal-housing-assistance
#11
Veronica E Helms, Brian A King, Peter J Ashley
Cigarette smoking is higher among low-income adults and individuals who reside in federally assisted housing are particularly susceptible to the adverse effects of smoking and secondhand smoke exposure. This study assessed smoking-related behaviors and health outcomes among U.S. adults who received federal housing assistance during 2006-2012. National Health Interview Survey data linked with administrative data from the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development were analyzed; 5218 HUD-assisted adults were assessed...
February 9, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185257/system-change-interventions-for-smoking-cessation
#12
REVIEW
Dennis Thomas, Michael J Abramson, Billie Bonevski, Johnson George
BACKGROUND: System change interventions for smoking cessation are policies and practices designed by organizations to integrate the identification of smokers and the subsequent offering of evidence-based nicotine dependence treatments into usual care. Such strategies have the potential to improve the provision of smoking cessation support in healthcare settings, and cessation outcomes among those who use them. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effectiveness of system change interventions within healthcare settings, for increasing smoking cessation or the provision of smoking cessation care, or both...
February 10, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183824/global-cancer-in-women-cancer-control-priorities
#13
Farhad Islami, Lindsey A Torre, Jeffrey M Drope, Elizabeth M Ward, Ahmedin Jemal
The global burden of cancer in women has recently received much attention, but there are few comprehensive reviews of the burden and policy approaches to reduce it. This paper, second in series of two, summarizes the most important cancer control priorities with specific examples of proven interventions, with a particular focus on primary prevention in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). There are a number of effective cancer control measures available to countries of all resource levels. Many of these measures are extremely cost-effective, especially in the case of tobacco control and vaccination...
February 9, 2017: Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173685/tobacco-use-among-students-aged-13-15-years-in-south-korea-the-2013-global-youth-tobacco-survey
#14
Sunhye Choi, Yoonjung Kim, Jihye Lee, Mina Kashiwabara, Kyungwon Oh
Objectives: We examined the prevalence of tobacco use and exposure to secondhand smoke among middle-school students in Korea using the Global Youth Tobacco Survey (GYTS) in 2013. Methods: The GYTS in Korea was conducted between July and August 2013 by the Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Data were collected using a self-administered anonymous questionnaire from a nationally representative sample of middle-school students aged 13-15 years in sampled classrooms...
January 2017: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Yebang Ŭihakhoe Chi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164274/case-control-study-of-cumulative-cigarette-tar-exposure-and-lung-and-upper-aerodigestive-tract-cancers
#15
Travis J Meyers, Shen-Chih Chang, Po-Yin Chang, Hal Morgenstern, Donald P Tashkin, Jian-Yu Rao, Wendy Cozen, Thomas M Mack, Zuo-Feng Zhang
The development of comprehensive measures for tobacco exposure is crucial to specify effects on disease and inform public health policy. In this population-based case-control study, we evaluated the associations between cumulative lifetime cigarette tar exposure and cancers of the lung and upper aerodigestive tract (UADT). The study included 611 incident cases of lung cancer; 601 cases of UADT cancers (oropharyngeal, laryngeal, and esophageal cancers); and 1,040 cancer-free controls. We estimated lifetime exposure to cigarette tar based on tar concentrations abstracted from government cigarette records and self-reported smoking histories derived from a standardized questionnaire...
February 6, 2017: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163669/college-anti-smoking-policies-and-student-smoking-behavior-a-review-of-the-literature
#16
REVIEW
Brooke L Bennett, Melodi Deiner, Pallav Pokhrel
BACKGROUND: Currently, most college campuses across the U.S. in some way address on-campus cigarette smoking, mainly through policies that restrict smoking on campus premises. However, it is not well understood whether college-level anti-smoking policies help reduce cigarette smoking among students. In addition, little is known about policies that may have an impact on student smoking behavior. This study attempted to address these issues through a literature review. METHODS: A systematic literature review was performed...
2017: Tobacco Induced Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159423/electronic-nicotine-delivery-systems-and-acceptability-of-adult-cigarette-smoking-among-florida-youth-renormalization-of-smoking
#17
Kelvin Choi, Rachel Grana, Debra Bernat
PURPOSE: There is a dearth of research into whether electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS) promote acceptance of cigarette smoking. Therefore, we aimed to assess the association between ENDS exposure, acceptance of cigarette smoking, and susceptibility to cigarette smoking. METHODS: Data from the 2014 Florida Youth Tobacco Survey with a state representative sample of middle and high school students (n = 68,928) were analyzed. Own ENDS use, exposure to ENDS advertising, living with ENDS users, acceptance of adult cigarette smoking, demographics, and known predictors of cigarette smoking were assessed...
January 31, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153199/fda-in-the-21st-century-focus-on-tobacco-policies-and-heart-failure-prevention
#18
EDITORIAL
Mona Fiuzat, Tamar S Nordenberg, Mitchell Zeller, Matthew G Hillebrenner, Norman Stockbridge, Bram Zuckerman, Robert M Califf
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: JACC. Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152247/electronic-cigarettes-and-mental-illness-reviewing-the-evidence-for-help-and-harm-among-those-with-psychiatric-and-substance-use-disorders
#19
Kathryn Hefner, Gerald Valentine, Mehmet Sofuoglu
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Adults with mental illness (MI) use combustible tobacco at increased rates and have greater difficulty quitting smoking. Given the increasing popularity of electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes), their use by those with MI has important health implications. While preliminary evidence suggests potential benefits of e-cigarette use for those with MI, well-controlled, systematic research examining appeal, correlates, and consequences of e-cigarette use in this vulnerable population is lacking...
February 2, 2017: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149259/the-effect-of-policies-regulating-tobacco-consumption-on-smoking-initiation-and-cessation-in-spain-is-it-equal-across-socioeconomic-groups
#20
Jaime Pinilla, Ignacio Abásolo
BACKGROUND: In Spain, the Law 28/2005, which came into effect on January 2006, was a turning point in smoking regulation and prevention, serving as a guarantee for the progress of future strategies in the direction marked by international organizations. It is expected that this regulatory policy should benefit relatively more to lower socioeconomic groups, thus contributing to a reduction in socioeconomic health inequalities. This research analyzes the effect of tobacco regulation in Spain, under Law 28/2005, on the initiation and cessation of tobacco consumption, and whether this effect has been unequal across distinct socioeconomic levels...
2017: Tobacco Induced Diseases
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