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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630401/waterpipe-product-packaging-and-labelling-at-the-3rd-international-hookah-fair-does-it-comply-with-article-11-of-the-framework-convention-on-tobacco-control
#1
Mohammed Jawad, Andrea Darzi, Tamara Lotfi, Rima Nakkash, Ben Hawkins, Elie A Akl
We assessed compliance of waterpipe product packaging and labelling with the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control's Article 11. We evaluated samples collected at a trade fair against ten domains: health warning location, size, use of pictorials, use of colour, and packaging information on constituents and emissions. We also evaluated waterpipe accessories (e.g., charcoal) for misleading claims. Ten of 15 tobacco products had health warnings on their principal display areas, covering a median of 22.4 per cent (interquartile range 19...
June 19, 2017: Journal of Public Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630116/attitudes-toward-tobacco-21-among-us-youth
#2
Hongying Dai
BACKGROUND: An important movement in reducing youth smoking is to restrict the supply of cigarettes to youth by raising the minimum age of sales to 21, termed Tobacco 21. This study examined attitudes toward Tobacco 21 among youth and their correlations with tobacco use. METHODS: Data from the 2015 National Youth Tobacco Survey (n = 17 092, the typical age of 11-18 years) were analyzed to examine the prevalence of support toward Tobacco 21 among youth. This study further assessed whether attitudes toward Tobacco 21 were associated with (1) intention to initiate cigarette smoking among never-smoking youth (n = 16 449); and (2) intention to quit tobacco use among current tobacco users (n = 2914)...
June 19, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629470/policy-lessons-from-health-taxes-a-systematic-review-of-empirical-studies
#3
Alexandra Wright, Katherine E Smith, Mark Hellowell
BACKGROUND: Taxes on alcohol and tobacco have long been an important means of raising revenues for public spending in many countries but there is increasing interest in using taxes on these, and other unhealthy products, to achieve public health goals. We present a systematic review of the research on health taxes, and aim to generate insights into how such taxes can: (i) reduce consumption of targeted products and related harms; (ii) generate revenues for health objectives and distribute the tax burden across income groups in an efficient and equitable manner; and (iii) be made politically sustainable...
June 19, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629356/lifestyle-and-income-related-inequality-in-health-in-south-africa
#4
Alfred Kechia Mukong, Corne Van Walbeek, Hana Ross
BACKGROUND: Many low- and middle-income countries are experiencing an epidemiological transition from communicable to non-communicable diseases. This has negative consequences for their human capital development, and imposes a growing economic burden on their societies. While the prevalence of such diseases varies with socioeconomic status, the inequalities can be exacerbated by adopted lifestyles of individuals. Evidence suggests that lifestyle factors may explain the income-related inequality in self-reported health...
June 19, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629277/addressing-tobacco-use-among-consumers-and-staff-at-behavioral-health-treatment-facilities-through-comprehensive-workplace-programming
#5
Hannah L Samaha, Virmarie Correa-Fernández, Cho Lam, William T Wilson, Bryce Kyburz, Tim Stacey, Teresa Williams, Lorraine R Reitzel
Tobacco use is the leading cause of death and disability in the United States; cigarette smoking is the most common form of tobacco use. Smoking has become increasingly concentrated among individuals with behavioral health needs (e.g., persistent mental illness) and has led to increased morbidity and mortality in this group relative to the general population. Comprehensive tobacco-free workplace programs are effective in reducing tobacco use and cigarette smoke exposure among behavioral health consumers and the individuals who serve them...
July 2017: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625418/undermining-government-tax-policies-common-legal-strategies-employed-by-the-tobacco-industry-in-response-to-tobacco-tax-increases
#6
H Ross, J Tesche, N Vellios
Effective tobacco tax increases reduce tobacco consumption, threatening the profitability of the tobacco industry. In response, the tobacco industry employs strategies to negate or minimize the full effects of tobacco tax increases. By interacting with various government agencies and non-governmental organizations we identified seven such strategies: stockpiling, changing product attributes or production processes, lowering prices, over-shifting prices, under-shifting prices, timing of price increases, and engaging in price discrimination and/or offering promotions...
June 15, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624764/recommended-core-items-to-assess-e-cigarette-use-in-population-based-surveys
#7
Jennifer L Pearson, Sara C Hitchman, Leonie S Brose, Linda Bauld, Allison M Glasser, Andrea C Villanti, Ann McNeill, David B Abrams, Joanna E Cohen
A consistent approach using standardised items to assess e-cigarette use in both youth and adult populations will aid cross-survey and cross-national comparisons of the effect of e-cigarette (and tobacco) policies and improve our understanding of the population health impact of e-cigarette use. Focusing on adult behaviour, we propose a set of e-cigarette use items, discuss their utility and potential adaptation, and highlight e-cigarette constructs that researchers should avoid without further item development...
June 17, 2017: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623806/prevalence-and-correlates-of-light-and-non-daily-smoking-in-brazil-results-from-a-nationwide-representative-survey
#8
Taynara Dutra Batista Formagini, Henrique Pinto Gomide, Jaime Perales, Fernando Antonio Basile Colugnati
BACKGROUND: The research of light (≤10 cigarettes per day) and non-daily smokers in developing countries including Brazil is scarce despite the high prevalence of these groups among smokers and health risks associated to low-level smoking. OBJECTIVE: To describe health and smoking characteristics of Brazilian adult light and non-daily smokers. METHODS: We analyzed data from the 2013 Brazilian National Health Research survey (n=48,282). RESULTS: The prevalence of current manufactured cigarette smoking in the total sample was 12...
June 10, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610400/shammah-smokeless-tobacco-and-public-health
#9
Abdulsallam Bakdash
Shammah is a preparation of smokeless tobacco (ST) that is frequently used in the Arabian Peninsula, especially in Saudi Arabia. A mixture of powdered tobacco, lime, ash, black pepper, oils and flavorings, shammah in is placed in the buccal cavity or lower labial vestibule of the mouth. The user (or dipper) spits out insoluble debris. ST is linked to a number of harmful effects such as dental disease, oral cancer, oesophagus cancer, and pancreas cancer. It also causes adverse reproductive effects including stillbirth, premature birth and low birth weight...
May 1, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607245/opportunities-in-oral-health-policy-for-timor-leste
#10
Lucio F Babo Soares, Silvana S Bettiol, Isaac J Dalla-Fontana, Penny Allen, Leonard A Crocombe
Timor-Leste faces an urgent set of challenges in oral health. The impact of oral diseases in terms of reduced quality of life and cost of treatment is considerable. This paper reviews progress on policy recommendations since the National Oral Health Survey in 2002, the first such national survey. Few proposals have been implemented to date, owing to (i) lack of local support for the recommendations, particularly on promotion of oral health; (ii) lack of financial and budgetary provisions for oral health; (iii) lack of focus on services, human resources and dental personnel; (iv) poor focus, design and implementation of policy and planning in oral health; and (v) lack of transport to facilitate health-care workers' access to remote areas...
September 2016: WHO South-East Asia Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606151/tobacco-free-policies-at-worksites-in-kansas
#11
Elizabeth Ablah, Frank Dong, Kurt Konda
BACKGROUND: This study sought to examine the relationship between tobacco-free policies at worksites to worksite demographics such as company size and geographic location. METHODS: Worksites participating in a worksite wellness workshop were asked to complete a worksite wellness instrument, which provided an assessment of their wellness practices already in place in the worksite, including the degree to which tobacco-free policies were in place at the worksite. RESULTS: At a bivariate level, those more likely to have tobacco-free policies included: urban employers (76...
June 12, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601841/electronic-cigarette-use-in-restaurants-and-workplaces-where-combustible-tobacco-smoking-is-not-allowed-an-internet-survey-in-japan
#12
Kosuke Kiyohara, Takahiro Tabuchi
BACKGROUND: The present study aimed to examine the experience of actual electronic cigarette (e-cigarette) use in smoke-free areas of restaurants and workplaces and to explore the determinants associated with such use among Japanese adults who reported any experience using e-cigarettes (e-cigarette ever-users). METHODS: An Internet-based self-reported questionnaire survey was conducted in 2015 on Japanese e-cigarette ever-users. The proportion of the respondents who had ever used or frequently used e-cigarettes in smoke-free restaurants and/or workplaces was calculated...
June 10, 2017: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595640/exploring-the-intergenerational-persistence-of-health-behaviour-an-empirical-study-of-smoking-from-china
#13
Jay Pan, Wei Han
BACKGROUND: It is of significance to look into the intergenerational transmission of risk behaviour to explain the disparity of health. Our paper contributes to the literature by providing evidence in the context of China, focusing on smoking behaviour. METHODS: This paper studies the intergenerational transmission of smoking in the context of China using a nationally representative dataset - the China Health and Nutrition Survey (CHNS). The two-part model, the Tobit model, and the fixed effects model are utilized for the empirical analysis, respectively...
June 8, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589268/e-cigarette-users-attitudes-on-the-banning-of-sales-of-nicotine-e-liquid-its-implication-on-e-cigarette-use-behaviours-and-alternative-sources-of-nicotine-e-liquid
#14
Li Ping Wong, Haridah Alias, Nasrin Agha Mohammadi, Azadeh Ghadimi, Victor Chee Wai Hoe
The banning of sales of nicotine e-liquid in e-cigarette shops has been implemented in several states in Malaysia. The distribution of nicotine e-liquid can only be allowed by licensed pharmacies or registered medical practitioners. This study aimed to evaluate e-cigarette users' responses to the control policy in a cross-sectional survey of 851 e-cigarette users by utilizing a self-report questionnaire that assessed (1) attitudes on regulation policy of e-cigarette banning; (2) e-cigarette use behaviors; and (3) sources of e-liquid after the regulation policy has been implemented...
June 6, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589021/earned-print-media-in-advancing-tobacco-control-in-himachal-pradesh-india-a-descriptive-study
#15
Renu Sharma, Hemant Deepak Shewade, Balasubramaniam Gopalan, Ramesh Kumar Badrel, Jugdeep Singh Rana
BACKGROUND: The Union-Bloomberg Initiative tobacco control projects were implemented in Himachal Pradesh (a hilly state in North India) from 2007 to 2014. The project focused on the establishment of an administrative framework; increasing the capacity of stakeholders; enforcement of legislation; coalition and networking with multiple stakeholders; awareness generation with focus on earned media and monitoring and evaluation with policy-focussed research. This study aimed to systematically analyse all earned print news items related to the projects...
March 2017: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585126/long-term-trends-and-predictors-of-smoking-behaviors-among-men-following-first-ever-ischemic-stroke
#16
Li-Sha Hou, Xu-Dong Du, Ji-Jie Li, Ping Zhu, Pei-Jing Yan, Feng-Yu Zhan, Mu-Ke Zhou, Cai-Rong Zhu
Continued smoking following stroke is associated with adverse outcomes including increased risk of mortality and secondary stroke. The aim of this study was to examine the long-term trends in smoking behaviors and factors associated with smoking relapse among men who survived their first-ever stroke. Data collection for this longitudinal study was conducted at baseline through face-to-face interviews and follow-up was completed every 3 months via telephone, beginning in 2010 and continuing through 2014. Cox proportional hazard regression models were used to identify predictors of smoking relapse behavior...
June 2017: Journal of Huazhong University of Science and Technology. Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584028/here-comes-trouble-a-career-as-a-tobacco-control-activist
#17
Stanton A Glantz, John D Rutherford
Dr Glantz is Professor of Medicine in the Division of Cardiology, the Truth Initiative Distinguished Professor of Tobacco Control, and Director of the Center for Tobacco Control Research and Education at the University of California, San Francisco School of Medicine. He obtained a BSc in aerospace engineering from the University of Cincinnati in 1969 and an MSc and PhD in applied mechanics from Stanford University. He is the author of 4 books, including The Cigarette Papers and Primer of Biostatistics He is also a member of the University of California, San Francisco Cardiovascular Research Institute and Institute for Health Policy Studies and Co-leader of the University of California, San Francisco Comprehensive Cancer Center Tobacco Program...
June 6, 2017: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580378/behavioral-economic-laboratory-research-in-tobacco-regulatory-science
#18
Jennifer W Tidey, Rachel N Cassidy, Mollie E Miller, Tracy T Smith
OBJECTIVES: Research that can provide a scientific foundation for the United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) tobacco policy decisions is needed to inform tobacco regulatory policy. One factor that affects the impact of a tobacco product on public health is its intensity of use, which is determined, in part, by its abuse liability or reinforcing efficacy. Behavioral economic tasks have considerable utility for assessing the reinforcing efficacy of current and emerging tobacco products...
October 2016: Tobacco Regulatory Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578755/enhancing-national-data-to-align-with-policy-objectives-aboriginal-and-torres-strait-islander-smoking-prevalence-at-finer-geographic-levels
#19
Alyson Wright, Ray Lovett, Yvette Roe, Alice Richardson
Objectives The aim of the study was to assess the utility of national Aboriginal survey data in a regional geospatial analysis of daily smoking prevalence for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians and discuss the appropriateness of this analysis for policy and program impact assessment.Methods Data from the last two Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) national surveys of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people, the National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Social Survey 2014-15 (n=7022 adults) and the National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health Survey 2012-13 (n=10896 adults), were used to map the prevalence of smoking by Indigenous regions...
June 5, 2017: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578225/progression-to-established-patterns-of-cigarette-smoking-among-young-adults
#20
Elizabeth Hair, Morgane Bennett, Valerie Williams, Amanda Johnson, Jessica Rath, Jennifer Cantrell, Andrea Villanti, Craig Enders, Donna Vallone
BACKGROUND: As tobacco control policies have been implemented across the U.S. over the past decade, patterns of smoking cigarettes have significantly changed, particularly among young adults. For many users, the typical daily use pattern of smoking several packs of cigarettes per day has been supplanted by a variety of use patterns, often referred to as light, intermittent, and occasional smoking. METHODS: The aim of this study was to examine progression to established smoking patterns among a nationally representative, longitudinal sample of young adults (n=9791)...
May 29, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
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