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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332004/host-agent-vector-environment-measures-for-electronic-cigarette-research-used-in-nih-grants
#1
Mary L Garcia-Cazarin, Rachel J Mandal, Rachel Grana, Kay L Wanke, Helen I Meissner
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to describe the focus and comprehensiveness of domains measured in e-cigarette research. METHODS: A portfolio analysis of National Institutes of Health grants focusing on e-cigarette research and funded between the fiscal years 2007 and 2015 was conducted. Grant proposals were retrieved using a government database and coded using the Host-Agent-Vector-Environment (HAVE) model as a framework to characterise the measures proposed...
January 13, 2018: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331100/prevalence-associated-factors-and-control-level-of-asthma-symptoms-among-adolescents-in-northern-jordan
#2
Nihaya A Al-Sheyab, Mahmoud A Alomari
Objective To investigate the prevalence, associated factors, and control level of asthma in Jordanian high school students. Methods A descriptive, comparative, cross sectional design was used and a cluster sample of 2691 students (mean age = 14.5 years, 51.0% girls), drawn from eight randomly selected public high schools in Northern Jordan, participated in the study. Each student had the International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood (ISAAC) questionnaire completed in the classroom between February and May, 2015...
January 13, 2018: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330172/origins-of-tobacco-harm-reduction-in-the-uk-the-product-modification-programme-1972-1991
#3
Jesse Elias, Pamela M Ling
OBJECTIVE: To better understand the current embrace of long-term nicotine maintenance by British governmental agencies and tobacco harm reduction by several leading British public health organisations, describe the context and deliberations of the UK's first formal tobacco risk reduction programme: 'Product Modification'. METHODS: Analysis of previously secret tobacco industry documents, news archives and Parliamentary debate records. RESULTS: From 1972 to 1991, the British government sought to investigate safer smoking through the 'product modification programme'...
January 12, 2018: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327524/uttar-pradesh-association-of-physicians-of-india-position-statement-tobacco-use-and-metabolic-syndrome
#4
Yatan Pal Singh Balhara, Sanjay Kalra, Sarita Bajaj, Pooja Patnaik Kuppili, D Himanshu, Veerendra Atam, Kauser Usman, Veerendra Singh, Shyam Chand Chaudhary, S Chakravorty, Anupam Wakhlu, Jalees Fatma, Sanjay Tandon, Anuj Maheshwari, Abha Gupta, Anjum Parvez, Jaya Chakravarty, R R Chaudhary, A K Singh, K K Sawlani, Manoj Mathur, N K Soni, Om Kumari Gupta, Madhukar Rai, Sudhir Agarwal
Tobacco use is one of the main preventable causes of mortality and morbidity worldwide. The global disease burden due to tobacco use is huge with projected mortality of eight million lives per year by 2030. Metabolic syndrome (MS) is defined as a constellation of cardiovascular and endocrine risk factors such as insulin resistance, obesity, raised blood pressure, and abnormal lipid profile. The relationship between tobacco use and MS has been well established. Also, the causal association between tobacco use and development of individual components of MS is well established...
December 2017: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325398/health-priorities-in-french-speaking-swiss-cantons
#5
Philippe Chastonay, Jean Simos, Nicolas Cantoreggi, Rudolf Zurkinden, Thomas Mattig
In Switzerland, the federal authorities, the cantons, and the communes share the responsibility of healthcare, disease prevention and health promotion policies. Yet, the cantons are in most health matters independent in their decisions, thus defining as a matter of fact their own health priorities. We examined and analysed the content of the disease prevention and health promotion plans elaborated during the last decade in six French-speaking cantons with different political contexts and resources, but quite similar population health data, in order to identify the set health priorities...
July 31, 2017: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325000/alcohol-tobacco-and-health-care-costs-a-population-wide-cohort-study-n-606-947-patients-of-current-drinkers-based-on-medical-and-administrative-health-records-from-catalonia
#6
Laia Miquel, Jürgen Rehm, Kevin D Shield, Emili Vela, Montserrat Bustins, Lidia Segura, Joan Colom, Peter Anderson, Antoni Gual
Background: Most cost of illness studies are based on models where information on exposure is combined with risk information from meta-analyses, and the resulting attributable fractions are applied to the number of cases. Methods: This study presents data on alcohol and tobacco use for 2011 and 2012 obtained from a routine medical practice in Catalonia of 606 947 patients, 18 years of age and older, as compared with health care costs for 2013 (all costs from the public health care system: primary health care visits, hospital admissions, laboratory and medical tests, outpatient visits to specialists, emergency department visits and pharmacy expenses)...
January 8, 2018: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323611/harm-minimization-and-tobacco-control-reframing-societal-views-of-nicotine-use-to-rapidly-save-lives
#7
David B Abrams, Allison M Glasser, Jennifer L Pearson, Andrea C Villanti, Lauren K Collins, Raymond S Niaura
Inhalation of the toxic smoke produced by combusting tobacco products, primarily cigarettes, is the overwhelming cause of tobacco-related disease and death in the United States and globally. A diverse class of alternative nicotine delivery systems (ANDS) has recently been developed that do not combust tobacco and are substantially less harmful than cigarettes. ANDS have the potential to disrupt the 120-year dominance of the cigarette and challenge the field on how the tobacco pandemic could be reversed if nicotine is decoupled from lethal inhaled smoke...
January 11, 2018: Annual Review of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321273/how-tobacco-companies-in-the-uk-prepared-for-and-responded-to-standardised-packaging-of-cigarettes-and-rolling-tobacco
#8
Crawford Moodie, Kathryn Angus, Danielle Mitchell, Nathan Critchlow
INTRODUCTION: As a result of the Standardised Packaging of Tobacco Products Regulations and Tobacco Products Directive, all packs of cigarettes (factory-made and hand-rolled) in the UK must be drab brown, display pictorial warnings on the principal display areas and contain no less than 20 cigarettes or 30 g of tobacco. The legislation was phased in between May 2016 and May 2017. Our objective was to monitor pack, brand and product changes preimplementation and postimplementation. METHODS: Our surveillance of the cigarette market involved a review of the trade press, a monthly monitor of online supermarkets and regular visits to stores, from May 2015 to June 2017...
January 10, 2018: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320517/explaining-the-decline-in-coronary-heart-disease-mortality-rates-in-the-slovak-republic-between-1993-2008
#9
Marek Psota, Piotr Bandosz, Eva Gonçalvesová, Mária Avdičová, Mária Bucek Pšenková, Martin Studenčan, Jarmila Pekarčíková, Simon Capewell, Martin O'Flaherty
OBJECTIVE: Between the years 1993 and 2008, mortality rates from coronary heart disease (CHD) in the Slovak Republic have decreased by almost one quarter. However, this was a smaller decline than in neighbouring countries. The aim of this modelling study was therefore to quantify the contributions of risk factor changes and the use of evidence-based medical therapies to the CHD mortality decline between 1993 and 2008. METHODS: We identified, obtained and scrutinised the data required for the model...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320293/the-challenges-of-monitoring-illicit-trade-should-not-obscure-the-success-of-tobacco-tax-policy
#10
Stella A Bialous, Stanton A Glantz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320286/tobacco-policies-and-alcohol-sponsorship-at-lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-transgender-pride-festivals-time-for-intervention
#11
Jasmine D Spivey, Joseph G L Lee, Stacy W Smallwood
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310534/prevalence-trends-and-consequences-of-substance-use-among-university-students-implication-for-intervention
#12
Meseret Ayalew, Mateb Tafere, Yohannes Asmare
This study was conducted to examine the prevalence, trends, and consequences of substance use among university students. The prevalence of substance use, the trends of substance use, and the differences among sociodemographic variables in the experiences of substance use as well as the consequences of substance use among university students were assessed in this study. Using stratified sampling method, 1,156 students were chosen. Descriptive statistics, chi-square, one-way analysis of variance, and Pearson correlation coefficient were used for data analysis...
January 1, 2018: International Quarterly of Community Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303963/attitudes-towards-potential-new-tobacco-control-regulations-among-u-s-adults
#13
Allison M Schmidt, Sarah D Kowitt, Allison E Myers, Adam O Goldstein
Favorable attitudes towards tobacco control policies can facilitate their implementation and success. We examined attitudes toward four potential U.S. Federal tobacco regulations (banning menthol from cigarettes, reducing nicotine levels in cigarettes, banning candy and fruit flavored electronic cigarettes, and banning candy and fruit flavored little cigars and cigarillos) and associations with individual and state variables. A nationally representative phone survey of 4337 adults assessed attitudes toward potential policies...
January 5, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303476/are-cancer-survivors-following-the-national-comprehensive-cancer-network-health-behavior-guidelines-an-assessment-of-patients-attending-a-cancer-survivorship-clinic
#14
Kelly A Hyland, Jamie M Jacobs, Inga T Lennes, William F Pirl, Elyse R Park
PURPOSE: Engaging in positive health behaviors post-treatment is important for cancer survivors' health. However, little is known about whether survivors are practicing health promoting behaviors. We aimed to explore whether survivors are meeting the recent health behavior guidelines set forth by the National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) and to examine associations between health behaviors and distress. METHODS: Sixty-six survivors completed a cross-sectional questionnaire assessing health behaviors prior to an initial appointment at a survivorship care clinic...
January 2018: Journal of Psychosocial Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301518/young-australian-women-s-accounts-of-smoking-and-quitting-a-qualitative-study-using-visual-methods
#15
Zoi Triandafilidis, Jane M Ussher, Janette Perz, Kate Huppatz
BACKGROUND: Although the overall rate of smoking in Australia continues to decline, the rate of decline has begun to slow. Rates of smoking among young women in Australia have been a particular concern, which has led to the development of targeted public health campaigns. Poststructuralist theory has successfully been used in research to explore the way in which young women experience smoking. However, there is an absence of poststructuralist analysis of young women's experiences of quitting...
January 5, 2018: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300982/gender-and-schooling-inequalities-in-risk-and-protective-factors-for-chronic-diseases-among-brazilian-adults
#16
Carla C Enes, Luciana B Nucci
Background: There is consistent evidence showing that low socioeconomic level, both at the individual and contextual levels, is an important predictor of morbidity and mortality due to noncommunicable diseases. Objective: To identify gender and schooling inequalities in the distribution of risk and protective factors for chronic diseases among Brazilian adults. Methods: This study included data from 97 468 individuals interviewed in 2012 and 2013 from the Surveillance System of Risk and Protective Factors for Chronic Diseases (VIGITEL)...
December 29, 2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289821/maternal-hair-testing-to-disclose-self-misreporting-in-drinking-and-smoking-behavior-during-pregnancy
#17
Maria Dolores Gomez-Roig, Emilia Marchei, Sally Sabra, Francesco Paolo Busardò, Luisa Mastrobattista, Simona Pichini, Eduard Gratacós, Oscar Garcia-Algar
This study aimed to objectively verify smoking and drinking behavior during pregnancy and to disclose self-misreporting through maternal hair analysis. A total of 153 women attending a university hospital in Barcelona (Spain) were selected and interviewed after delivery, on their smoking and drinking habits during pregnancy. A 9-cm hair strand was collected and analyzed by liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry for the presence of nicotine (NIC) and ethyl glucuronide (EtG) as biomarkers of tobacco and alcohol consumption, respectively...
August 31, 2017: Alcohol
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29281083/smokeless-tobacco-use-is-replacing-the-smoking-epidemic-in-the-south-east-asia-region
#18
Rizwan Abdulkader Suliankatchi, Dhirendra N Sinha, Ramashankar Rath, Krishna K Aryal, Mostafa M Zaman, Prakash C Gupta, Khem Bahadur Karki, Deneshkumar Venugopal
Background: The sustained anti-tobacco campaign initiated in response to the mounting evidence against tobacco smoking has driven tobacco companies and smokers to look for alternative choices, such as smokeless tobacco (SLT) products. If this strategy advances it could undermine several gains made by the campaign over the years. Our objective was to examine the trends in the prevalence of different tobacco types in three countries (Bangladesh, India and Nepal) of South-East Asia. Methods: Data from national surveys was used to estimate the trends of weighted and age standardized prevalence (along with 95% CI) of different tobacco products...
December 22, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277409/the-geography-of-crime-and-violence-surrounding-tobacco-shops-medical-marijuana-dispensaries-and-off-sale-alcohol-outlets-in-a-large-urban-low-income-community-of-color
#19
Andrew M Subica, Jason A Douglas, Nancy J Kepple, Sandra Villanueva, Cheryl T Grills
Tobacco shops, medical marijuana dispensaries (MMD), and off-sale alcohol outlets are legal and prevalent in South Los Angeles, California-a high-crime, low-income urban community of color. This research is the first to explore the geographic associations between these three legal drug outlets with surrounding crime and violence in a large low-income urban community of color. First, spatial buffer analyses were performed using point-location and publically accessible January-December 2014 crime data to examine the geography of all felony property and violent crimes occurring within 100, 200, 500, and 1000-foot buffers of these three legal drug outlet types across South Los Angeles...
December 22, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258451/population-cigarette-consumption-in-great-britain-novel-insights-using-retail-sales-data
#20
Mark Robinson, Garth Reid
BACKGROUND: Accurate data to measure population cigarette consumption are vital for surveillance and for evaluating the impact of tobacco control policies. This study uses cigarette retail sales data to provide novel insights into trends and patterns in cigarette consumption in Great Britain. METHODS: Cigarette sales estimates derived from electronic sales from most large grocery stores and a weighted representative sample of smaller convenience stores were obtained from Nielsen...
December 20, 2017: BMC Public Health
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